CN104521950A - Long-acting bait for killing cockroach and preparation method - Google Patents

Long-acting bait for killing cockroach and preparation method Download PDF

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CN104521950A
CN104521950A CN 201410774315 CN201410774315A CN104521950A CN 104521950 A CN104521950 A CN 104521950A CN 201410774315 CN201410774315 CN 201410774315 CN 201410774315 A CN201410774315 A CN 201410774315A CN 104521950 A CN104521950 A CN 104521950A
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bait
long
cockroach
kill
cockroaches
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CN 201410774315
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蒋旭东
卢金凤
李俊冶
江兵峰
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广西科技大学
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Abstract

The invention provides a long-acting bait for killing cockroach. The bait contains urea-formaldehyde resin. A method for preparing the long-acting bait for killing cockroach comprises the following steps: dissolving a pesticide component in a solvent, mixing with a high speed after an emulsifying agent is added and forming a stable O/W latex; mixing with a high speed after urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer aqueous solution is added, subsequently gradually reducing the rotation speed, regulating the pH value to 1.5-2.5, slowly heating to 50-55 DEG C, curing cyst walls, and regulating the pH value to neutrality after the reaction reaches the endpoint to obtain a microcapsule sustained release suspension agent; and removing the solvent, drying the product, then uniformly mixing with a part of attractant and preservative, then adding into a mixed liquid comprising the remaining attractant and a humidifying agent, and mixing into a paste to obtain the long-acting bait for killing cockroach. The long-acting bait for killing cockroach disclosed by the invention has the following advantages that the stability of the pesticide component is far higher than that of a common bait; the bait does not work instantly after cockroach takes the bait so that cockroach that are not taken the bait do not get alert; and large intake of the bait by cockroach results in remarkable killing effect.

Description

一种长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂及其制备方法 A long-acting bait to kill cockroaches and preparation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a long-acting killing cockroach bait preparation thereof.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 蟑螂是典型的卫生害虫之一,其排泄物和蜕皮能污染储存、转运和加工场所的食品。 [0002] cockroach is one of the typical health pests, their excrement and molting can contaminate storage, transport and food processing establishments. 蟑螂能携带许多病原体,已证实人接触后有可能产生一些疾病,如腹泻、痢疾、霍乱、麻风病、鼠疫、伤寒症以及脊髓灰质炎之类的病毒性疾病。 Cockroaches can carry many pathogens, it has demonstrated it is possible to human exposure to produce a number of diseases, such as diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, leprosy, plague, typhoid and viral diseases like polio. 此外,蟑螂还能携带寄生虫卵,引起过敏反应,蟑螂的普遍存在严重影响人类的正常生产和生活。 Also, cockroaches can carry the parasite eggs, cause allergic reactions, cockroaches widespread seriously affected the normal production and life of human beings.

[0003] 目前,随着生活水平的提高,对环境质量要求越来越高,对蟑螂的防治也越来越受到重视,蟑螂的防治是卫生害虫防治的重要目标。 [0003] Now, with the improvement of living standards, more and more high quality requirements of the environment, prevention and treatment of more and more attention cockroaches, cockroach control is an important goal of health pest control. 目前国内外主要采用化学法进行防治。 At home and abroad to prevent and treat major chemical method. 由于化学法需要大量而反复地施药,促使蟑螂的抗药性逐渐增高,给蟑螂的防治增加了难度。 Since the law requires a lot of chemical and repeatedly spraying, prompting cockroach resistance gradually increased, to control cockroaches is more difficult.

[0004] 目前国内外已有多种用于控防蟑螂的药物,剂型基本为颗粒状饵剂和胶饵剂。 [0004] It has a variety of domestic and international pharmaceutical for controlling cockroaches, forms a substantially particulate gel bait and bait. 据已经公开的技术文件报道,其组分基本构成是由杀虫剂、引诱剂、饵料、防腐剂组成,其中杀虫剂多采用氟虫腈、氟虫胺、硫氟磺酰胺等;引诱剂多采用鱼粉、香料、蛋白粉等;饵料采用玉米粉、大豆粉等;防腐剂一般采用山梨酸钾、苯甲酸钠或尼泊金酯。 It has been reported that the disclosed technical documents, which component is substantially composed of insecticide, attractant, bait, preservative, wherein the multi-use insecticide fipronil, sulfluramid, sulfur, fluorine sulfonamides; attractant use more fish, spices, protein powder; bait using corn flour, soy flour; commonly used preservative potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, or parabens. 上述文献所公开的各种诱杀饵剂,对于防治蟑螂有较好的效果。 Various of the above disclosed therein decoy bait for control of cockroaches has a good effect. 但也有着明显的缺点,一方面杀虫成分在自然界中降解过快,一旦饵剂中杀虫成分低于致死量,不但不能杀死蟑螂,反而增加了耐药性;另一方面,杀虫成分分散于食物中,蟑螂取食后立即产生中毒症状,对未取食蟑螂产生警戒信号。 But also has significant disadvantages, on the one hand excessive degradation of the pesticidal composition in nature, once baits insecticidal components less than a lethal dose, not only kill cockroaches, but increased resistance; on the other hand, insecticidal component is dispersed in the food, cockroaches produce symptoms immediately after feeding on non-feeding cockroaches warning signal. 介于上述两种原因,普通的蟑螂饵剂难以彻底杀灭蟑螂,造成资源浪费,且污染环境,防治成本高。 Between these two reasons, the common cockroach bait difficult to completely kill cockroaches, waste of resources and pollute the environment, prevention of high costs.

[0005] 缓释控技术是第三代药物制剂技术,利用微胶囊技术可以把固体、液体农药包覆在天然或合成高分子囊壁材料中,从而达到延长药效,降低高毒农药毒性、防止有效成分分解和挥发、减少用药量、防止飘移、减少环境污染、施用方便的目的。 [0005] controlled release technology is the third generation of pharmaceutical formulation, the use of microencapsulation technology can be solid, liquid pesticide coated natural or synthetic polymer wall material, so as to achieve prolonged efficacy, decreased toxicity of highly toxic pesticides, to prevent decomposition of active ingredients and volatile, reduce the dosage, preventing drift, reduce environmental pollution, ease of administration purposes. 采用界面聚合法技术, 以脲醛树脂为囊壁材料制备氟虫腈/氟虫胺微胶囊悬浮剂,技术上已有文献描述。 Interfacial polymerization techniques, urea formaldehyde resin as wall material prepared fipronil / sulfluramid capsule suspension, technically have been described in the literature. 但将这一技术应用于杀蟑馆剂中尚未有报道。 But this technology is applied to kill Zhang Museum agents have not yet been reported.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的,是在现有蟑螂饵剂的基础上提出的一种长效低毒、安全环保,低成本的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂;为此,本发明还提供其制备方法。 [0006] The object of the present invention, a long-acting and low toxicity is proposed based on conventional cockroach bait, safety and environmental protection, low-cost long-lasting bait to kill cockroaches; To this end, the present invention also provides a preparation method.

[0007] 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,所述饵剂中含有脲醛树脂。 Long [0007] The present invention kill cockroaches bait, said bait containing urea resin.

[0008] 优选地,所述馆剂中脲醒树脂的质量百分含量为0. 5~5. 0%。 [0008] Preferably, the agent is a urea museum wake mass percentage of the resin is 0.5 ~ 5.0%.

[0009] 本发明提供的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,包括杀虫成分、高分子材料缓释控制剂、增稠剂、诱食剂、防腐剂和保湿剂等。 [0009] The present invention provides long-acting bait to kill cockroaches, comprising a pesticidal component, a polymer material release controlling agents, thickeners, attractant, preservatives and moisturizing agents. 具体由以下质量百分比的各组分组成:杀虫成分0. 05~2. 0%,高分子材料缓释控制剂、0. 5~5. 0%,增稠剂0. 1~0. 3%,防腐剂0. 2~0. 5%,诱食剂40~60%,其余为保湿剂。 Specifically the following percentage composition by mass of the components: 0.05 ~ pesticidal composition 20% polymer material release controlling agent, 05 ~ 50% thickener 0.1 - 03... % preservative 0.2 ~ 0.5%, attractant 40 to 60%, the rest humectant.

[0010] 其中的杀虫成分可以是氟虫腈、氟虫胺的任一种或者二者相组合。 [0010] wherein the pesticidal component may be fipronil, sulfluramid either or both in combination. 氟虫腈是一种苯基吡唑类杀虫剂、杀虫谱广,对害虫以胃毒作用为主,兼有触杀和一定的内吸作用,其作用机制在于阻碍昆虫Y-氨基丁酸控制的氯化物代谢,因此对蚜虫、叶蝉、飞虱、鳞翅目幼虫、蝇类和鞘翅目等重要害虫有很高的杀虫活性,对作物无药害,具有较高的安全性;氟虫胺是新型慢性有机氟杀虫剂,杀虫效果好,主要用于防治蚂蚁、蜚蠊、蟑螂等爬行害虫。 Fipronil is a phenylpyrazole insecticides, broad spectrum insecticide, pest gastric toxicity based, both contact and a certain suction effect, the mechanism that hindered amino acid insect Y- chloride metabolic control, thus has a high insecticidal activity against important pest aphids, leafhoppers, planthoppers, larvae of Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and flies, no injury to crops, having a high safety; sulfluramid are novel chronic organic fluorine insecticides, insecticidal effect, mainly for the control of ants, cockroaches, cockroaches and other crawling insects. 其作用机制是抑制昆虫的能量代谢,因该产品有效成分含量低,对哺乳动物较为安全,采用饵剂灭治法防治,可明显减少用药量,大大减少药剂对环境的污染。 Its mechanism of action is inhibition of the energy metabolism of insects, due to the low active ingredient content of the product, the mammal is safer treatment method using the bait off control, the dosage can be significantly reduced, greatly reducing the environmental pollution agents.

[0011] 其中的高分子材料缓释控制剂为脲醛树脂,脲醛树脂为优良的可降解高分子材料,用于包裹杀虫成分,制成缓释控制剂,减缓降解速度及毒发速度。 [0011] wherein the release control agent is a polymeric material of urea-formaldehyde resins, urea-formaldehyde resin is excellent biodegradable polymer material, for wrapping insecticidal components, sustained release controlling agent, and slow the degradation rate of speed poison.

[0012] 其中的增稠剂为瓜尔胶,瓜尔胶具有优良的保水、增稠作用。 [0012] wherein the thickener has excellent water retention, thickening of guar gum, guar gum.

[0013] 其中的防腐剂为尼泊金复合酯,尼泊金复合酯是一种广谱性高效食品防腐剂,起防腐作用。 [0013] where preservatives are parabens complex esters, complex esters paraben is a broad spectrum efficient food preservative, since corrosion.

[0014] 其中的诱食成分为木薯粉、饼干粉、废糖蜜三者的组合,上述诱食成分价格低廉, 富含蟑螂摄食所需要的营养成分,均为蟑螂喜爱摄取之食物。 [0014] in which the attractant components of cassava flour, biscuit flour, molasses waste combination of the three, low price above attractant ingredient, rich in nutrients needed for feeding cockroaches, are like cockroaches intake of food.

[0015] 其中的保湿剂为山梨醇、甘油或者二者的组合。 [0015] wherein the humectant is sorbitol, glycerin or combinations of both.

[0016] 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的制备方法步骤如下:将配方量的杀虫成分溶解在适量溶剂中,加入适量乳化剂高速搅拌形成稳定的0/W乳液;搅拌均匀后加入配方量的脲醛树脂预聚物水溶液,混合高速搅拌10-15分钟,然后逐渐降低转速,分批次加入稀盐酸调节pH=l. 5-2. 5,缓慢升温至50-55°C固化囊壁,到达反应终点后用碱调节至中性,得到微囊缓释悬浮剂;除去溶剂,将所得物干燥,然后与部分诱食剂和防腐剂混合均匀,再加入剩余诱食剂与保湿剂组成的混合液中,搅拌成膏状物,得到本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂。 [0016] The present invention is long-acting killing agent cockroach bait preparation steps are as follows: The formulation amount of the pesticidal ingredient is dissolved in an appropriate amount of solvent, adding an appropriate amount of high-speed stirring emulsifier to form a stable 0 / W emulsion; Stir added formulation amount of the urea resin prepolymer aqueous solution and mixed for 10-15 minutes stirring at high speed, and then gradually reduce speed, dilute hydrochloric acid was added in batches adjust pH = l. 5-2. 5, was slowly warmed to 50-55 ° C curing bladder wall, after reaching the end of reaction adjusted to neutral with a base, to give a sustained release microcapsule suspension; the solvent was removed, the resultant was dried, and then the portion uniformly mixed and preservatives attractant, attractant and then add the remaining humectant mixture solution was stirred into a paste, the present invention give long-lasting bait to kill cockroaches.

[0017] 由于采用了高分子材料包裹技术,杀虫成分稳定性远高于普通饵剂,对蟑螂的诱灭效果也有一定的提高,能很好地诱杀蟑螂。 [0017] As a result of polymer materials wrapping technique, the stability is much higher than ordinary insecticidal components of bait, lure eliminate the effect of cockroaches also some improvement, well decoy cockroaches.

[0018] 由于采用了上述技术方案,本发明与现有技术相比具有如下显著效果: 1、 采用了高分子包裹技术,杀虫成分稳定性远高于普通饵剂; 2、 蟑螂取食后,毒性不会立即发作,减少了对未取食蟑螂的警戒; 3、 由于蟑螂对本发明的饵剂取食量大,杀灭效果显著。 2, feeding cockroaches; 1, uses a polymer wrapping technique, the stability is much higher than ordinary insecticidal components of bait: [0018] By adopting the technical solution of the present invention as compared with the prior art having a significant effect , the onset of toxicity is not immediately reduced to not alert feeding cockroaches; 3, since the amount of cockroach bait feeding present invention, significant killing effect.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,并且构成说明书的一部分,与本发明的实施例一起用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的限制。 [0019] The accompanying drawings provide a further understanding of the present invention, and constitute part of this specification, the embodiments of the invention, serve to explain the invention, not to limit the present invention. 在附图中: 图1为本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的稳定性试验结果。 In the drawings: Figure 1 is a long-term stability test results of the invention killing cockroach baits.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020] 以下的实施例便于更好地理解本发明,但并不限定本发明。 [0020] The following examples facilitate a better understanding of the invention, but not limit the invention. 下述实施例中的实验方法,如无特殊说明,均为常规方法。 The experimental methods in the following examples, Unless otherwise specified, all conventional methods. 下列实施例中,所涉及的百分比除非另有说明,均以重量百分比计算。 The following examples, the percentage involved unless otherwise indicated, are by weight percentage.

[0021] 实施例1 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 05%,脲醛树脂预聚物0. 5%,瓜尔胶0. 3%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉35. 0%, 废糖蜜10. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0021] Example 1 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: Fipronil 0.05%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 0.5%, guar gum 0.3% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 35.0%, 10.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0022] 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的制备方法如下: 按照上述各原料的重量比例,分别称出各原料的重量。 Preparation Method [0022] The present invention is long-acting bait to kill cockroaches follows: in a weight ratio of the respective raw materials were weighed for each feedstock. 常温下将氟虫腈或氟虫胺原药溶解在适量的溶剂(丙酮)中,加入适量的乳化剂吐温-80高速搅拌形成稳定的0/W乳液。 Fipronil at normal temperature or dissolving the original drug sulfluramid appropriate amount of solvent (acetone), adding an appropriate amount of the emulsifier Tween-80 high speed stirring to form a stable 0 / W emulsions. 搅拌均匀后加入配方量的脲醛树脂预聚物水溶液,混合高速搅拌12分钟,然后逐渐降低转速,分批次加入稀盐酸调节pH=2左右使之发生缩聚反应,缩聚反应结束后,缓慢升温到52°C固化囊壁;到达反应终点后用氢氧化钠调节至中性,得到氟虫腈微囊缓释悬浮剂。 Add formula amount of aqueous urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer, a high-speed stirring mixing Stir 12 minutes and then gradually reduce speed, dilute hydrochloric acid was added in batches of about pH = 2 adjusted so that the polycondensation reaction occurs after the polycondensation reaction was slowly warmed to 52 ° C cure wall; reaches the end of the reaction after adjusting to neutral with sodium hydroxide to give a sustained release microcapsule suspension fipronil. 除去溶剂,所得剩余物干燥。 The solvent was removed, the resulting residue was dried. 然后与木薯粉、饼干粉、尼泊金复合酯混合均匀,再加入至废糖蜜、 保湿剂组成的混合液中,搅拌成膏状物,即可制得长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂。 Then mixed with tapioca flour biscuits paraben ester compound mixed, then added to the molasses, a mixture consisting of humectants, stirred into a paste, to obtain long-lasting bait kill cockroaches.

[0023] 实施例2 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 05%,脲醛树脂预聚物0. 5%,瓜尔胶0. 3%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉35. 0%, 废糖蜜15. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0023] Example 2 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: Fipronil 0.05%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 0.5%, guar gum 0.3% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 35.0%, 15.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0024] 实施例3 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 05%,脲醛树脂预聚物0. 5%,瓜尔胶0. 3%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉35. 0%, 废糖蜜10. 0%,饼干粉15. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0024] Example 3 of the invention kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: Fipronil 0.05%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 0.5%, guar gum 0.3% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 35.0%, 10.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 15.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0025] 实施例4 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 1%,氟虫胺1. 〇%,脲醛树脂预聚物1. 〇%,瓜尔胶0. 1%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉30. 0%,废糖蜜15. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇余量。 [0025] Example 4 of the present invention depot killing cockroach bait formulations as follows: 0.1% Fipronil, sulfluramid 1 billion%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 1 billion%, guar gum 0 . 1% paraben 0.2% complex esters tapioca 30.0%, 15.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0026] 实施例5 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 1%,脲醛树脂预聚物1. 〇%,瓜尔胶0. 1%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉30. 0%,废糖蜜10. 0%,饼干粉15. 0%,山梨醇余量。 [0026] Formulation Example 5 Long embodiment of the present invention to kill cockroaches bait as follows: Fipronil 0.1%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 1 billion%, guar gum 0.1% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 30.0%, 10.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 15.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0027] 实施例6 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 1%,脲醛树脂预聚物1. 〇%,瓜尔胶0. 1%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉30. 0%,废糖蜜15. 0%,饼干粉15. 0%,山梨醇余量。 [0027] Formulation Example 6 Long embodiment of the present invention to kill cockroaches bait as follows: Fipronil 0.1%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 1 billion%, guar gum 0.1% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 30.0%, 15.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 15.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0028] 实施例7 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 2%,脲醛树脂预聚物2. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 2%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉25. 0%,废糖蜜5. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,甘油余量。 Long [0028] Example 7 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: Fipronil 0.2%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 2.0%, guar gum 0.2% paraben compound ester 0.2%, 25.0% tapioca flour, blackstrap molasses 5.0%, biscuit flour 10.0%, the balance glycerol.

[0029] 实施例8 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 2%,脲醛树脂预聚物2. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 2%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉25. 0%,废糖蜜10. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0029] Example 8 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: Fipronil 0.2%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 2.0%, guar gum 0.2% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 25.0%, 10.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0030] 实施例9 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫腈0. 2%,脲醛树脂预聚物2. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 2%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉25. 0%,废糖蜜15. 0%,饼干粉15. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0030] Example 9 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: Fipronil 0.2%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 2.0%, guar gum 0.2% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 25.0%, 15.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 15.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0031] 实施例10 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺0. 5%,氟虫腈0. 2%,脲醛树脂预聚物1. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 3%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉35. 0%,废糖蜜10. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇10%,甘油余量。 Long [0031] Example 10 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: sulfluramid 0.5%, 0.2% Fipronil, a urea resin prepolymer 1.0%, guar gum 0 3% complex esters paraben 0.2% tapioca 35.0%, 10.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, 10% sorbitol, glycerol balance.

[0032] 实施例11 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺0. 5%,脲醛树脂预聚物1. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 3%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉35. 0%,废糖蜜15. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0032] Example 11 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: 0.5% sulfluramid, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 1.0%, guar gum 0.3% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 35.0%, 15.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0033] 实施例12 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺0. 5%,脲醛树脂预聚物1. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 3%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉35. 0%,废糖蜜10. 0%,饼干粉15. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0033] Example 12 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: 0.5% sulfluramid, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 1.0%, guar gum 0.3% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 35.0%, 10.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 15.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0034] 实施例13 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺1. 〇%,脲醛树脂预聚物3. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 1%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉30. 0%,废糖蜜15. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇余量。 [0034] Formulation Example 13 Long embodiment of the present invention to kill cockroaches bait as follows: 1. The square sulfluramid%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 3.0%, guar gum 0.1% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 30.0%, 15.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0035] 实施例14 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺1. 〇%,脲醛树脂预聚物3. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 1%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉30. 0%,废糖蜜10. 0%,饼干粉15. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0035] Example 14 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: 1. The square sulfluramid%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 3.0%, guar gum 0.1% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 30.0%, 10.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 15.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0036] 实施例15 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺1. 〇%,脲醛树脂预聚物3. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 1%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉30. 0%,废糖蜜15. 0%,饼干粉15. 0%,甘油余量。 [0036] Formulation Example 15 Long embodiment of the present invention to kill cockroach bait as follows: 1. The square sulfluramid%, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 3.0%, guar gum 0.1% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 30.0%, 15.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 15.0%, the balance glycerol.

[0037] 实施例16 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺2. 0%,脲醛树脂预聚物5. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 2%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉25. 0%,废糖蜜5.0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0037] Example 16 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: 2.0% sulfluramid, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 5.0%, guar gum 0.2% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 25.0%, 5.0% molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0038] 实施例17 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺2. 0%,脲醛树脂预聚物5. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 2%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉25. 0%,废糖蜜10. 0%,饼干粉10. 0%,山梨醇余量。 [0038] Example 17 depot of the present invention to kill cockroaches bait formulations as follows: 2.0% sulfluramid, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 5.0%, guar gum 0.2% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 25.0%, 10.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 10.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0039] 实施例18 本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的配方如下: 氟虫胺2. 0%,脲醛树脂预聚物5. 0%,瓜尔胶0. 2%,尼泊金复合酯0. 2%,木薯粉25. 0%,废糖蜜15. 0%,饼干粉15. 0%,山梨醇余量。 Long [0039] Example 18 of the present invention to kill cockroach bait formulations as follows: 2.0% sulfluramid, urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 5.0%, guar gum 0.2% paraben compound ester 0.2% tapioca 25.0%, 15.0% blackstrap molasses, biscuit flour 15.0%, sorbitol balance.

[0040] 实施例2-18的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂生产工艺参照实施例1。 Long [0040] Example 2-18 to kill cockroaches bait manufacturing process with reference to Example 1.

[0041] 稳定性试验以实施例6、实施例15为例,经6个月野外放置试验,对比为未采用缓释控技术的含氟虫腈和氟虫胺的杀蟑饵剂,图1为试验结果,由图1可知,长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂中氟虫腈、氟虫胺原药稳定性明显高于对比样,稳定性良好。 [0041] Stability Test In Example 6, Example 15, for example, after 6 months storage test field, a contrast ratio of not using fluorine-containing fipronil and sulfluramid release control technology kill cockroach bait, FIG. 1 for the test results can be seen from FIG. 1, long-lasting bait to kill cockroaches fipronil, sulfluramid was significantly higher than the stability of the original drug control sample, good stability.

[0042] 诱杀试验取本发明的蟑螂饵剂(以实施例6为例),某商品杀灭蟑螂饵剂(含氟虫腈)和不含杀虫成分的空白饵剂在野外进行对比试验,分别在1天,3天,5天,7天,10天,15天观察剩余的活动蚁丘数量,结果见表1。 [0042] Trapping tests taken cockroach baits according to the present invention (an example in Example 6), an item of bait to kill cockroaches (fluorine fipronil) and a blank containing no bait pesticidal component comparison test in the field, respectively, in 1 day, 3 days, 5 days, 7 days, 10 days, 15 days of observation ant mound number of remaining activity (Table 1).

[0043] 表1灭蟑螂饵剂的杀灭效果试验 Killing effect test [0043] Table 1 cockroach baits

Figure CN104521950AD00071

) )

[0044] 通过上述试验,说明本发明的蟑螂饵剂在极短时间内杀灭效果略低于某商品的杀蟑螂饵剂,但随着时间的增长,杀灭效果明显好于某商品杀蟑螂饵剂,表明该杀蟑饵剂具有长效杀灭作用。 [0044] From the above test, the present invention is described cockroach bait in a very short time kill cockroaches killing effect was slightly lower than a commodity bait, but the growth over time, killing was significantly better kill cockroaches certain goods bait, cockroach baits have got to show long-lasting killing effect.

[0045]最后应说明的是:以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明, 尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换。 [0045] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not intended to limit the present invention. Although the detailed description of the embodiments, those skilled in the art that aspect, each of which can still be described embodiments of the foregoing embodiment may be modified, or some technical features equivalents. 凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 Any modification within the spirit and principle of the present invention, made, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. 1. 一种长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,其特征在于:所述饵剂中含有脲醛树脂。 A long-lasting bait to kill cockroaches, characterized in that: the bait containing urea resin.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,其特征在于:所述饵剂中脲醛树脂的质量百分含量为0. 5~5. 0%。 2. The depot according to claim 1 baits kill cockroaches, characterized in that: said baits mass percentage of urea-formaldehyde resin is 0.5 ~ 50%.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,其特征在于:所述饵剂由以下质量份数的各组分组成:杀虫成分〇. 〇5~2. 0%,脲醛树脂预聚物0. 5~5. 0%,增稠剂0. 1~0. 3%,防腐剂0. 2~0. 5%,诱食剂40~60%,其余为保湿剂。 The long-acting bait to kill cockroaches or claim 12, wherein wherein: the bait consists of the following components in parts by mass of the composition: component pesticidally 0% to 2 billion 〇5 , urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer 0.5 ~ 5.0%, thickening agent 0.1 ~ 0.3%, preservative 0.2 ~ 0.5%, attractant 40 to 60%, the rest humectant .
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,其特征在于:所述杀虫成分为氟虫腈和/ 或氟虫胺。 According to claim 3, wherein the long-acting bait to kill cockroaches, wherein: the pesticidal component is fipronil and / or sulfluramid.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求3所述的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,其特征在于:所述增稠剂为瓜尔胶。 The depot according to claim 3 baits kill cockroaches, characterized in that: the thickening agent is guar gum.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求3所述的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,其特征在于:所述防腐剂为尼泊金复合酯。 6. The depot according to claim 3 baits kill cockroaches, wherein: the preservative is a paraben ester compound.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求3所述的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,其特征在于:所述诱食剂为木薯粉、饼干粉、废糖蜜的混合物。 7. The depot according to claim 3 baits kill cockroaches, characterized in that: said attractant is a tapioca flour biscuits, molasses mixture.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求3所述的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂,其特征在于:所述保湿剂为山梨醇和/ 或甘油。 According to claim 3, wherein the long-acting bait to kill cockroaches, wherein: said humectant is sorbitol and / or glycerol.
  9. 9. 权利要求1-8任一所述的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂的制备方法,其特征在于:步骤如下:将配方量的杀虫成分溶解在适量溶剂中,加入适量乳化剂高速搅拌形成稳定的0/W乳液;搅拌均匀后加入配方量的脲醛树脂预聚物水溶液,混合高速搅拌10-15分钟,然后逐渐降低转速,分批次加入稀盐酸调节pH=l. 5-2. 5,缓慢升温至50-55°C固化囊壁,到达反应终点后用碱调节至中性,得到微囊缓释悬浮剂;除去溶剂,将所得物干燥,然后与部分诱食剂和防腐剂混合均匀,再加入剩余诱食剂与保湿剂组成的混合液中,搅拌成膏状物,得到本发明的长效杀灭蟑螂饵剂。 9. Long one of claims 1-8 Preparation kill cockroach bait, characterized in that: the following steps: the formulation amount of the pesticidal ingredient is dissolved in an appropriate amount of solvent, adding an appropriate amount of formed high-speed stirring emulsifier stable 0 / W emulsion; stir Add formula amount of aqueous urea-formaldehyde resin prepolymer, a high-speed mixture stirred for 10-15 minutes, and then gradually reduce speed, dilute hydrochloric acid was added in batches adjust pH = l 5-2 5.. , warmed to 50-55 ° C slowly solidified wall, reaches the end of the reaction after adjusting to neutral with a base, to give a sustained release microcapsule suspension; the solvent was removed, the resultant was dried, and then mixed with some attractant and preservative uniform, and then add the remaining attractant mixture consisting of humectants, stirred into a paste, to give long-lasting present invention bait to kill cockroaches.
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