CN104480995A - Rainwater collection and reuse integrated device - Google Patents

Rainwater collection and reuse integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104480995A
CN104480995A CN201410680692.9A CN201410680692A CN104480995A CN 104480995 A CN104480995 A CN 104480995A CN 201410680692 A CN201410680692 A CN 201410680692A CN 104480995 A CN104480995 A CN 104480995A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screen pack
rainwater
cylindrical shell
filtering area
delivery port
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Granted
Application number
CN201410680692.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104480995B (en
Inventor
陈小光
胡涛
徐正启
李岗
戴若彬
张剑
向心怡
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Donghua University
National Dong Hwa University
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Donghua University
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Priority to CN201410680692.9A priority Critical patent/CN104480995B/en
Publication of CN104480995A publication Critical patent/CN104480995A/en
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The invention discloses a rainwater collection and reuse integrated device. The device is characterized by comprising a columnar shell. An upper cover plate is arranged on the top of the columnar shell, a lower bottom plate is arranged at the bottom of the columnar shell, at least one feeding inlet is formed in the top of the columnar shell, a first filter screen is arranged in the upper portion of the columnar shell, a first filtering area is formed between the first filter screen and the columnar shell, the bottom of the first filter screen is connected with a first filter residue outlet pipe, a first water outlet is formed in the bottom of the first filtering area, the first water outlet is exposed out of the side wall of the columnar shell, a second filter screen is arranged below the first filter screen, a second filtering area is formed among the second filter screen, the first filter screen and the columnar shell, the bottom of the second filter screen is connected with a second filter residue outlet pipe, the first filter residue outlet pipe is arranged in the second filter residue outlet pipe, and a second water outlet is formed in the bottom of the second filtering area. The rainwater collection device comprises a coarse filtration area and a fine filtration area, can meet the requirements of different users for water qualification and has the integrated function of rainwater collection and reuse.

Description

Rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting reusing integral, belong to rain collector technical field.
Background technology
Along with economic development and population increase fast; industry, agricultural and living water demand are constantly upgraded; the mankind are faced with the threat of the aspects such as more and more serious shortage of water resources, water body deterioration and environment pollution, and water crisis is one of hot issue becoming globalization.China's water resource occupies the 6th, but water resource is only 2400-2500m per capita 3, 1/4 of still not enough world average level, the average water yield in arable land is also only 4/5 of world average level, and distribution of water resources is uneven.The a lot of city of China is in exsiccosis, and the non-traditional water source that rainwater exists as a kind of long-term stability, be easy to get nearby, be easy to process, enormous amount.The utilization of rainwater, not only alleviates shortage of water resources to a certain extent, control Urban Flood Waterlogging, and decreasing pollution thing discharges, and plays an important role to the benign cycle of water environment complex ecosystem and sustainable development.Rainwater not only can be used for life and industrial production as resource, also can be used as subdistrict greening, irrigation, clean and recharge of groundwater, plays multiple ecological environment benefit.Therefore, to the particular importance that the recycling of rainwater resource is just aobvious.That Israel Rainwater Resources utilizes is very effective " almost each drip rainwater all accumulated to get up by with various rain trap tool ", and the rainwater of collection is mainly used in covering underground water and for agricultural irrigation.Japan carries out Rainwater Resources to utilize largest country in city, and the rainwater harvested is mainly used in toilet flushing, pouring lawn, also for Emergency use when fire-fighting and generation disaster.And Japan utilizes more than 100, the building of stormwater facility, set roof water area more than 20 ten thousand km current having had 2.
Also there is various rain collector successively in the market, such as Germany river bend west (centrifugal) rain water filtering device, but existing rain collector or do not have filter, single strainer is only set, filtering accuracy is inadequate, can not realize the classified filtering of rainwater and different user to the demand of water quality.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is that existing device for collecting rain water cannot realize classified filtering to rainwater and utilization.
In order to solve the problem, the invention provides a kind of rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device, it is characterized in that, comprise cylindrical shell, the top of cylindrical shell is provided with upper cover plate, and bottom is provided with lower shoe; Upper cover plate is provided with the barometric pipe be communicated with cylindrical shell inside; The top of cylindrical shell is provided with at least one circular tangential admission mouth; Cylindrical shell internal upper part is provided with the first screen pack, the first filtering area is formed between first screen pack and cylindrical shell, connect bottom first screen pack bottom sludge outlet pipe one, first filtering area and be provided with the first delivery port, the first delivery port exposes from the sidewall of cylindrical shell; First screen pack bottom is provided with the second screen pack, the second filtering area is formed between second screen pack and the first screen pack, cylindrical shell, connect sludge outlet pipe two bottom second screen pack, sludge outlet pipe one is located in sludge outlet pipe two, is provided with the second delivery port bottom the second filtering area.
Preferably, described cylindrical shell top is provided with two charging apertures be arranged symmetrically with.
Preferably, described second delivery port is provided with chemical feed pipe.
Further, the end of described second delivery port is provided with Hi-mixer.Preferably, described first delivery port is provided with outlet valve one; Second delivery port is provided with outlet valve two.
Preferably, filter medium is provided with between bottom described second filtering area and cylindrical shell.
Further, described filter medium is active carbon.
Preferably, the diameter of described first screen pack mesh is 0.4mm; The diameter of described second screen pack mesh is 0.28mm.
Preferably, the volume ratio of described first filtering area and the second filtering area is 1: 1.
Preferably, described first screen pack and the second screen pack be arranged in parallel, and the angle between described first sludge outlet pipe and the first screen pack, the second screen pack is 150 ° ~ 160 °.
Rain collector provided by the invention comprises the first filtering area and the second filtering area, can realize the demand of different user to purification of water quality, has rainwater-collecting and reusing integral function.
The present invention, owing to fully combining hydrocyclone quick separating and secondary separation, has the following advantages with traditional device for collecting rain water ratio:
1) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in, the process of rainwater recycle adds except medicament except optimization effluent quality, does not almost have maintenance cost;
2) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in, automatically keep clean without the need to labor cleaning, the collection process of rainwater does not also consume energy, and is a kind of environmental protection device;
3) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in is provided with the first screen pack, and the first screen pack can allow the particle of more than 0.4mm, foreign material, leaf and insect etc. utilize rainwater directly to pour impurities outlet pipe;
4) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in is provided with barometric pipe, and barometric pipe balance air pressure inside, ensures swirl stabilized carrying out;
5) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in is provided with two-way circular tangential admission mouth, and bidirectional rotational flow charging makes into water even;
6) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in is provided with the first screen pack and the second screen pack, double medium filtration, and aperture is different, can realize the requirement of user to different quality;
7) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in is provided with the second filtering area and fills activated carbon filter media, and activated carbon filtration removes suspended particulate substance and dissolved organic matter, optimizes effluent quality;
8) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in is provided with effluent switch, by the water yield of switch controls first filtering area and the second filtering area;
9) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in is provided with dosing mouth, and agent-feeding treatment adjust ph makes water outlet reach reuse requirement;
10) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in is provided with Hi-mixer, and Hi-mixer makes institute's adding medicine can fully mix raising reaction rate with water rapidly, stablizes effluent quality;
11) a kind of spiral-flow type rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device described in, gathering-device height is integrated, and floor space is little.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is the phantom drawing of Fig. 1 top view.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the present invention become apparent, hereby with preferred embodiment, and accompanying drawing is coordinated to be described in detail as follows.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, be a kind of rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device provided by the invention, comprise cylindrical shell 7, the top of cylindrical shell 7 is connected with the outer rim of upper cover plate 9, and bottom is connected with the outer rim of lower shoe 1.Upper cover plate 9 is provided with the barometric pipe 8 be communicated with cylindrical shell 7 inside; The top of cylindrical shell 7 is provided with circular tangential admission mouth 10; Cylindrical shell 7 top is provided with two the circular tangential admission mouths 10 be arranged symmetrically with.Cylindrical shell 7 internal upper part is provided with the first screen pack 11, the first filtering area I is formed between first screen pack 11 and cylindrical shell 7, connect bottom first screen pack 11 and be provided with the first delivery port 13, first delivery port 13 bottom sludge outlet pipe one 14, first filtering area I and expose from the sidewall of cylindrical shell 7; First screen pack 11 bottom is provided with the second screen pack 6, the second filtering area II is formed between second screen pack 6 and the first screen pack 11, cylindrical shell 7, sludge outlet pipe 2 16 is connected bottom second screen pack 6, sludge outlet pipe 1 is located in sludge outlet pipe 2 16, is provided with the second delivery port 2 bottom the second filtering area II.As shown in Figure 2, bidirectional feed charging can be made more evenly to promote eddy flow effectively carries out, charging aperture 10 connects upper cover plate 9 and cylindrical shell 7 respectively.First delivery port 13 is provided with outlet valve 1; Second delivery port 2 is provided with outlet valve 25.Second delivery port 2 connects chemical feed pipe 4, Hi-mixer 3 successively.Filter medium 15 is provided with between bottom second filtering area II and cylindrical shell 7.Filter medium 15 adopts active carbon.The diameter of the first screen pack 11 mesh is 0.4mm; The diameter of described second screen pack 6 mesh is 0.28mm.Such first filtering area I achieves coarse filtration, and the second filtering area II achieves thin filtration.The volume ratio of the first filtering area I and the second filtering area II is 1: 1.First screen pack 11 and the second screen pack 6 be arranged in parallel, and the angle between the first sludge outlet pipe 14 and the first screen pack 11, second screen pack 6 is 150 ° ~ 160 °.The course of work of the present invention is as follows:
1) rainwater enters the first filtering area by circular tangential admission mouth 10 and carries out eddy flow, and realize the removal of rainwater-collecting and impurity, barometric pipe 8 balances air pressure inside, guarantees that eddy flow can be stablized and carries out;
2) rainwater flows through the first screen pack 11 and realizes coarse filtration, and coarse filtration impurity is discharged along sludge outlet pipe 1 and obtained coarse filtration rainwater simultaneously, and coarse filtration rainwater discharges reuse by the first delivery port 13;
3) coarse filtration rainwater enters the second screen pack 6, and the particle in coarse filtration rainwater is by the thin filtration further of the second screen pack 6, and thin impurity screening is discharged along sludge outlet pipe 2 16;
4) thin filtration rainwater flows into the activated carbon filter media set by the second filtering area, through charcoal absorption, remove suspended particulate substance and dissolved organic matter in water, water outlet, through obtaining comparatively clean rainwater resource at chemical feed pipe 4 place agent-feeding treatment, reaches reuse requirement;
5) different effluent qualities is reached by control outlet valve 1 and outlet valve 22.Two switches can be opened when rainfall is large simultaneously.
The caliber of circular tangential admission mouth 10, first delivery port 13, second delivery port 2 according to needed for connect rain area and determine, such as collection 3000m 2the rainwater on roof, three's caliber diameter all can adopt 300mm.

Claims (10)

1. a rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device, is characterized in that, comprises cylindrical shell (7), and the top of cylindrical shell (7) is provided with upper cover plate (9), and bottom is provided with lower shoe (1); Upper cover plate (9) is provided with the barometric pipe (8) be communicated with cylindrical shell (7) inside; The top of cylindrical shell (7) is provided with circular tangential admission mouth (10); Cylindrical shell (7) internal upper part is provided with the first screen pack (11), the first filtering area (I) is formed between first screen pack (11) and cylindrical shell (7), first screen pack (11) bottom connects sludge outlet pipe one (14), first filtering area (I) bottom is provided with the first delivery port (13), and the first delivery port (13) exposes from the sidewall of cylindrical shell (7); First screen pack (11) bottom is provided with the second screen pack (6), the second filtering area (II) is formed between second screen pack (6) and the first screen pack (11), cylindrical shell (7), second screen pack (6) bottom connects sludge outlet pipe two (16), sludge outlet pipe one (14) is located in sludge outlet pipe two (16), and the second filtering area (II) bottom is provided with the second delivery port (2).
2. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cylindrical shell (7) top is provided with two charging apertures (10) be arranged symmetrically with.
3. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described second delivery port (2) is provided with chemical feed pipe (4).
4. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the end of described second delivery port (2) is provided with Hi-mixer (3).
5. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described first delivery port (13) is provided with outlet valve one (12); Second delivery port (2) is provided with outlet valve two (5).
6. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, is provided with filter medium (15) between described second filtering area (II) and cylindrical shell (7) bottom.
7. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, described filter medium (15) is active carbon.
8. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the diameter of described first screen pack (11) mesh is 0.4mm; The diameter of described second screen pack (6) mesh is 0.28mm.
9. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described first filtering area (I) is 1: 1 with the volume ratio of the second filtering area (II).
10. rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described first screen pack (11) and the second screen pack (6) be arranged in parallel, and the angle between described first sludge outlet pipe (14) and the first screen pack (11), the second screen pack (6) is 150 ° ~ 160 °.
CN201410680692.9A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Rainwater-collecting recycling integrated device Active CN104480995B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104480995A true CN104480995A (en) 2015-04-01
CN104480995B CN104480995B (en) 2016-10-26

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106760260A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-05-31 湖北大学 One kind collection quick filtering device of rainfall pattern
CN107558534A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-09 刘庆芳 A kind of high-rise rainwater collection utilization unit

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1132653A (en) * 1994-12-30 1996-10-09 西村勤 Water circulating filter method and apparatus
DE29615985U1 (en) * 1996-08-28 1997-01-23 Skolimowski Claus Dipl Ing Filter element for installation in water collection systems
CN201427004Y (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-03-24 青岛强星设备科技有限公司 Three-stage filter
CN201997181U (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-10-05 江苏辉煌太阳能股份有限公司 Centrifugal rainwater sewage filter
CN202366543U (en) * 2011-11-04 2012-08-08 海门市大生水处理设备(厂)有限公司 Improved full-automatic pipeline filter
CN202921064U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-05-08 吴旭东 Sewage filter
CN103590443A (en) * 2012-08-15 2014-02-19 杨江涛 Filtering and dredging rain water reservoir

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1132653A (en) * 1994-12-30 1996-10-09 西村勤 Water circulating filter method and apparatus
DE29615985U1 (en) * 1996-08-28 1997-01-23 Skolimowski Claus Dipl Ing Filter element for installation in water collection systems
CN201427004Y (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-03-24 青岛强星设备科技有限公司 Three-stage filter
CN201997181U (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-10-05 江苏辉煌太阳能股份有限公司 Centrifugal rainwater sewage filter
CN202366543U (en) * 2011-11-04 2012-08-08 海门市大生水处理设备(厂)有限公司 Improved full-automatic pipeline filter
CN103590443A (en) * 2012-08-15 2014-02-19 杨江涛 Filtering and dredging rain water reservoir
CN202921064U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-05-08 吴旭东 Sewage filter

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Title
姜湘山 等: "《实用建筑给水排水工程设计与CAD》", 30 June 2004, 机械工业出版社 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106760260A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-05-31 湖北大学 One kind collection quick filtering device of rainfall pattern
CN107558534A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-09 刘庆芳 A kind of high-rise rainwater collection utilization unit

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