CN104446657B - A kind of for ceramic tile dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of for ceramic tile dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104446657B
CN104446657B CN201410612481.1A CN201410612481A CN104446657B CN 104446657 B CN104446657 B CN 104446657B CN 201410612481 A CN201410612481 A CN 201410612481A CN 104446657 B CN104446657 B CN 104446657B
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China
Prior art keywords
dry granular
glaze
dry
granular additive
ceramic tile
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410612481.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104446657A (en
Inventor
于庆九
谢景春
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FOSHAN CITY GAOMING DISTRICT HAIDI CERAMIC MATERIALS Co Ltd
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FOSHAN CITY GAOMING DISTRICT HAIDI CERAMIC MATERIALS Co Ltd
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Publication of CN104446657A publication Critical patent/CN104446657A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of for ceramic tile dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze and preparation method thereof, containing following composition by weight percentage: Li in this dry granular additive 2o? 0.3-0.6%; Na 2o? 1-2%; BaO33-40%; Al 2o 320-25%; SiO 235-42%; MgO? 4-6%, by mixing, fusing, shrend, oven dry, beats the steps such as dry granular and is prepared from.Dry granular additive of the present invention joins porcelain brick and entirely throws in glaze to improve the full hardness and wear resistance energy throwing vitreous brick.Preparation method of the present invention, by water quenching technology, is broken into glass metal punching the secondary pollution that transparent grain had both avoided bath of glass, again for follow-up oven dry with smash and save energy consumption.

Description

A kind of for ceramic tile dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Additive in floor tile manufacture craft of the present invention, is specifically related to a kind of for ceramic tile dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Ceramic tile is by clay and other inorganic non-metallic raw materials, through tabular or the Bulk ceramic goods of the explained hereafter such as shaping, sintering, for decorating and the metope of architecture protection thing, structures and ground.Usually at room temperature shaping by dry-pressing, extruding or other forming methods, then dry, burn till at a certain temperature.
Full throwing glaze is a kind of a kind of special formulation glaze that can carry out polishing process in glaze paint, it is last one glaze imposing on Antique Imitation Tiles, be generally transparent cover-coat enamel or transparent convex fancy glaze at present, impose on the complete full throwing glazed brick throwing glaze and integrate polished tile and Antique Imitation Tiles advantage, glaze looks like smooth bright clean as polished tile, its glaze paint pattern pattern as Antique Imitation Tiles enriches simultaneously, and color is thick and heavy or gorgeous.
The shortcoming that full throwing glaze on the market exists comprises, and glaze paint is too thick, easily produces a large amount of bubble when firing, antifouling ability after product is thrown; And glaze layer too book, then ornamental brick should be little, not wear-resisting, is easily out of shape, at present, complete throw glaze before throwing hardness at mohs hardness between 4.5-5.In order to increase complete hardness and the wear resisting property of throwing vitreous brick, existing people is by adding white fused alumina full throwing in glaze process, and its defect is that the enough great talents of addition of white jade steel are effective, but can become opaque along with add-on increases, and affects color development.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the defect of prior art, of the present invention being provides a kind of dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze for ceramic tile, joins porcelain brick and entirely throws in glaze to improve the full hardness and wear resistance energy throwing vitreous brick.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method entirely throwing the dry granular additive of glaze for ceramic tile, obtain a kind of hardness and wear resistance energy dry granular additive that can improve full throwing glaze by the method.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A dry granular additive for glaze is entirely thrown, containing following composition by weight percentage: Li in this dry granular additive for ceramic tile 2o0.3-0.6%; Na 2o1-2%; BaO33-40%; Al 2o 320-25%; SiO 235-42%; MgO4-6%.
Above-mentioned dry granular additive is prepared from the following raw material calculated by weight percentage:
Triphane 5-7%
Albite 10-15%
Barium carbonate 40-50%
Aluminum oxide 7-9%
Quartz 15-22%
Burn talcum 11-14%.
Concrete, above-mentioned dry granular additive is prepared from the following raw material calculated by weight percentage:
Triphane 5%
Albite 15%
Barium carbonate 40%
Aluminum oxide 9%
Quartz 20%
Burn talcum 11%.
Concrete, above-mentioned dry granular additive is prepared from the following raw material calculated by weight percentage:
Triphane 7%
Albite 10%
Barium carbonate 50%
Aluminum oxide 7%
Quartz 15%
Burn talcum 11%.
At triphane component content of the present invention be: LiAl (SiO 3) 2or Li 2oAl 2o 34SiO 2, theoretical is 3.75% containing lithium amount, hardness 6.5 ~ 7, density 3.03 ~ 3.22g/cm 3.
In the present invention, the granularity of dry granular additive is little, abrasion resistant effect can not be able to be greatly improved than being easier to fusing; Dry granular additive is too thick is difficult to fusing again, and transparency is poor.Preferably, the granularity of dry granular additive of the present invention is 100-200 order; Dry granular can not be melted at the dry granular additive of this size range completely in full throwing glaze and not affect its transparency again; Thus improve abrasion resistant effect further.
Cardinal principle of the present invention is: prepare in the raw material of dry granular additive upper, and barium carbonate, aluminum oxide, quartz, albite are as the main raw material forming celsian-felspar, mullite, and wherein triphane, burning talcum, albite are as mineralizer and flux component.Dry granular additive of the present invention is a kind of preparing ceramic clinker material with high-content barium, add in pottery full throwing glaze, it is made not exclusively to be melted in glaze, form Nucleating Agent, increase into the crystal such as mullite, celsian-felspar, the stupalith of high-content barium can obtain the performance of high rigidity, and the hardness of celsian-felspar is mohs hardness 6.5, the hardness of glaze paint effectively can be improved, to reach wear-resisting effect using triphane as mineralizer.
Entirely throw a preparation method for the dry granular additive of glaze for ceramic tile, it comprises the following steps:
1) mix: in proportion above-mentioned raw materials is mixed at mixer, stir;
2) melt, shrend: by step 1) mixed raw material becomes glass metal after melting in tank furnace, then become by glass metal fluidization tower to flow in pond, is broken into transparent grain with current punching;
3) dry granular is beaten in oven dry: after being dried by above-mentioned transparent grain, break into 100-200 order dry granular with machine.
Particularly, in aforesaid method, step 2) melt temperature is 1480-1550 DEG C.
Particularly, in aforesaid method, step 2) shrend time, in pond, water temperature controls at 20-60 DEG C.
Particularly, in aforesaid method, step 3) temperature of transparent grain when drying control at 180-250 DEG C.
Compared to existing technology, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1. dry granular additive of the present invention, joins porcelain brick and entirely throws in glaze the hardness and wear resistance energy that effectively can improve full throwing vitreous brick;
2. dry granular additive of the present invention is by controlling its granularity, can improve full transparency of throwing vitreous brick further;
3. preparation method of the present invention, by water quenching technology, is broken into glass metal punching the secondary pollution that transparent grain had both avoided bath of glass, again for follow-up oven dry with smash and save energy consumption.
Below in conjunction with concrete embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze for ceramic tile is prepared from the following raw material calculated by weight percentage:
Triphane 5%, albite 15%, barium carbonate 40%, aluminum oxide 9%, quartz 20%, burning talcum 11%;
Concrete steps are as follows:
1) mix: in proportion above-mentioned raw materials is mixed 10 minutes at mixer, stir;
2) melt, shrend: by step 1) mixed raw material becomes glass metal after melting in the tank furnace of 1480-1550 DEG C, then become by glass metal fluidization tower to flow in the pond of 20 DEG C, is broken into transparent grain with current punching;
3) dry granular is beaten in oven dry: after being dried in 200 DEG C by above-mentioned transparent grain, break into 100-200 order dry granular with machine.
Embodiment 2
A kind of dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze for ceramic tile is prepared from the following raw material calculated by weight percentage:
Triphane 7%, albite 10%, barium carbonate 50%, aluminum oxide 7%, quartz 15%, burning talcum 11%.
Concrete steps are as follows:
1) mix: in proportion above-mentioned raw materials is mixed 15 minutes at mixer, stir;
2) melt, shrend: by step 1) mixed raw material becomes glass metal after melting in the tank furnace of 1480-1550 DEG C, then become by glass metal fluidization tower to flow in the pond of 40 DEG C, is broken into transparent grain with current punching;
3) dry granular is beaten in oven dry: after being dried in 180 DEG C by above-mentioned transparent grain, break into 100-200 order dry granular with machine.
Embodiment 3
A kind of dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze for ceramic tile is prepared from the following raw material calculated by weight percentage:
Triphane 6%, albite 10%, barium carbonate 40%, aluminum oxide 8%, quartz 22%, burning talcum 14%;
Concrete steps are as follows:
1) mix: in proportion above-mentioned raw materials is mixed 15 minutes at mixer, stir;
2) melt, shrend: by step 1) mixed raw material becomes glass metal after melting in the tank furnace of 1480-1550 DEG C, then become by glass metal fluidization tower to flow in the pond of 60 DEG C, is broken into transparent grain with current punching;
3) dry granular is beaten in oven dry: after being dried in 250 DEG C by above-mentioned transparent grain, break into 100-200 order dry granular with machine.
Application Example 1
Embodiment 1 dry granular additive in the full throwing glaze glaze slip not throwing front mohs hardness 4.5, addition is 17% (weight percent), adds little water and solid proportion is adjusted to 1.8, and stirring 1 is little of evenly, obtains wear-resisting glaze slip; Drenched makeup soil, printed flower base on spoon wear-resisting glaze slip, enter klining, kiln discharge, inspection hardness, polishing.
Application Example 2
Embodiment 2 dry granular additive in the full throwing glaze glaze slip not throwing front mohs hardness 4.5, addition is 20% (weight percent), adds little water and solid proportion is adjusted to 1.8, and stirring 1 is little of evenly, obtains wear-resisting glaze slip; Drenched makeup soil, printed flower base on spoon wear-resisting glaze slip, enter klining, kiln discharge, inspection hardness, polishing.
Comparative example 1
Having drenched makeup soil, having printed the full throwing glaze glaze slip that the mohs hardness base of flower spooning grammes per square metre the same as wear-resisting glaze slip is 4.5, enter klining, kiln discharge, inspection hardness, polishing.
Assay
Table 1 be to above-mentioned Application Example 1 and 2 kiln discharge after the full hardness of throwing glaze and the detected result of transparency, specifically see table 1.
Table 1
Project Application Example 1 Application Example 2 Comparative example 1
Hardness (Mohs degree) 5.5 6 4.5
Transparency (%) 99 98 100
Above-mentioned embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; can not limit the scope of protection of the invention with this, change and the replacement of any unsubstantiality that those skilled in the art does on basis of the present invention all belong to the present invention's scope required for protection.

Claims (2)

1. entirely throwing a dry granular additive for glaze for ceramic tile, it is characterized in that, is be prepared from the following raw material calculated by weight percentage:
Triphane 5%
Albite 15%
Barium carbonate 40%
Aluminum oxide 9%
Quartz 20%
Burn talcum 11%.
2. a preparation method for dry granular additive as claimed in claim 1, it comprises the following steps:
1) mix: in proportion above-mentioned raw materials is mixed at mixer, stir;
2) melt, shrend: by step 1) mixed raw material becomes glass metal after melting in tank furnace, then become by glass metal fluidization tower to flow in pond, is broken into transparent grain with current punching;
3) dry, beat dry granular: after being dried by above-mentioned transparent grain, break into 100-200 order dry granular with machine;
Wherein, step 2) melt temperature is 1480-1550 DEG C; Step 2) in shrend time, in pond, water temperature controls at 20-60 DEG C; Step 3) transparent grain dry time temperature control at 180-250 DEG C.
CN201410612481.1A 2014-10-31 2014-10-31 A kind of for ceramic tile dry granular additive entirely throwing glaze and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN104446657B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107935395B (en) * 2017-10-24 2021-06-04 佛山市唯格装饰建材有限公司 Preparation process of white glaze and glass mosaic for glass surface
CN107954603B (en) * 2017-10-24 2021-06-01 佛山市唯格装饰建材有限公司 Matte glaze for glass surface and preparation process of glass mosaic
CN109133640A (en) * 2018-06-29 2019-01-04 佛山石湾鹰牌陶瓷有限公司 A kind of wear-resisting dry granular and soft face antique porcelain brick of the soft face brick of waxy luster texture
CN109320086A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-02-12 湖南华联瓷业股份有限公司 A kind of high temperature crystallization glaze and preparation method thereof
CN109534679A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-03-29 广东欧文莱陶瓷有限公司 A kind of metal dry granular glaze and preparation method thereof and metal dry granular overglaze dazzle the preparation method for throwing brick

Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102503142A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-06-20 广东道氏技术股份有限公司 Dry particles for crystal polishing tiles sintered at one step and application thereof
CN103102182A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-05-15 广东伟邦微晶科技有限公司 Microcrystal glass ceramic tile and production method for reducing air bubbles

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
MXPA04004346A (en) * 2001-11-08 2004-08-11 J Haun Michael Method for making product from waste glass.

Patent Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102503142A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-06-20 广东道氏技术股份有限公司 Dry particles for crystal polishing tiles sintered at one step and application thereof
CN103102182A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-05-15 广东伟邦微晶科技有限公司 Microcrystal glass ceramic tile and production method for reducing air bubbles

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