CN104386075B - Wagon for transporting commercial trucks and loading method for wagon - Google Patents

Wagon for transporting commercial trucks and loading method for wagon Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104386075B
CN104386075B CN201410645847.5A CN201410645847A CN104386075B CN 104386075 B CN104386075 B CN 104386075B CN 201410645847 A CN201410645847 A CN 201410645847A CN 104386075 B CN104386075 B CN 104386075B
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China
Prior art keywords
truck
car body
car
afterbody
slide plate
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CN201410645847.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104386075A (en
Inventor
殷迅
高峰
王武建
张忠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CRRC Qiqihar Rolling Stock Co Ltd
China State Railway Group Co Ltd
China Railway Special Cargo Logistics Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CSR Erqi Vehicle Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410645847.5A priority Critical patent/CN104386075B/en
Publication of CN104386075A publication Critical patent/CN104386075A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/16Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads
    • B61D3/18Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for vehicles
    • B61D3/182Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for vehicles specially adapted for heavy vehicles, e.g. public work vehicles, trucks, trailers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D47/00Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps
    • B61D47/005Loading or unloading devices combined with road vehicles carrying wagons, e.g. ramps, turntables, lifting means

Abstract

The invention relates to a wagon for transporting commercial trucks and a loading method for the wagon. The wagon comprises a wagon body, four lifting gears, four bridge plate devices and four cab apron devices, wherein the wagon body comprises a spliced middle beam; the middle section of the middle beam is connected with the lower concave bottom of the wagon body; two sides of the lower concave bottom are respectively provided with a guiding device; two ends of the middle section of the middle beam are respectively connected with an articulated beam; each articulated beam is connected with a slope of the wagon body; the other end of each articulated beam is connected with a towing beam; each towing beam is connected with an end part platform of the wagon body; two sides of the tops of the middle beam and the towing beams are respectively provided with a plurality of fastening seats; two sides of each slope are respectively provided with a bridge plate device; two sides of the end parts of the wagon body are respectively connected with a cab apron device; two sides of tops of two side walls of the wagon body are oppositely provided with a lifting gear; each lifting gear is hinged to a moving arm; the end part of each moving arm is provided with a connecting hole for lapping another moving arm. The wagon can be widely applied to transportation of various vehicles.

Description

A kind of railway freight-car and its stowage for transporting commercial truck
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of railway freight-car, especially with regard to a kind of iron suitable for the non-forwarding agent's heavy truck that transfinites Afloat car and its stowage.
Background technology
The commercialization heavy truck transport overwhelming majority drives form of sending using highway at present, but with road travel management law enforcement dynamics Strengthen, the improvement factor influence of fuel price and cost of labor, add product and pay quality and the unfavorable factor such as be difficult to improve, it is original The decrease with the obvious advantage of highway transport model;And existing railway flatcar shipment heavy truck is used, because flatcar loading end is higher, generally Belong to overload transport, conevying efficiency and cost of transportation are adversely affected.Home and abroad is not dedicated for transport commercial card The goods train vehicle of car.A kind of bow-backed Transportation Model is risen in the 80s and 90s in last century in the U.S., and it is using a kind of special Fully loaded with cargo trucks entering railway is carried out rolling stock the pattern of long-distance transportation, its industrial railway vehicle hunchback flatcar tool Have that floor loading surface is low, the characteristics of to bear concentrfated load big, general one truck of a loading goods train.Meanwhile, abroad On Commercial Vehicle Logistics Market, no matter the U.S., Russia or Europe and Australia, it is riding small using double-deck even three layers car transport Automobile, but not dedicated for the rolling stock of the commercial car such as transport heavy truck.
China the country freight market have itself enterprise schema and feature, due to by domestic logistics enterprise development situation, The influence of state's iron shipping price many factors such as generation type and carrier's economic benefit, external bow-backed Transportation Model is simultaneously Do not occur in China Railway in the market.At present, domestic each heavy truck manufacturing enterprise Product transport uses highway transportation mostly Mode, often takes the method for a heavy truck another heavy truck of hunchback to be transported, and highway transportation super high and overrun problem will seem more More to protrude, there is potential safety hazard in this mode.Therefore heavy truck production and loglstics enterprise be intended to find it is a kind of it is more legal, reliable, Economic, environmental protection Transportation Model.
The content of the invention
Regarding to the issue above, the useful space, transport can be made full use of to load truck it is an object of the invention to provide one kind Secure localization, without departing from vehicle gauge and load truck and normally can voluntarily sail the railway freight-car of the transport commercial truck rolled away from into And its stowage.
To achieve the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme:A kind of railway freight-car for transporting commercial truck, it is special Levy and be:It includes a car body, four hoisting apparatus, four bridge plate devices and four cab apron device compositions;The car body includes One is in the central sill of the symmetrically arranged five sections of splicing structures in two ends, and the central sill is supported along the longitudinally central insertion of the car body, The stage casing of the central sill is a recessed straight intermediate beam, and the intermediate beam is connected with the lower concave bottom of the car body, under described The both sides of concave bottom are respectively provided with a guider, and one section of acclivitous articulated beam is connected respectively at the two ends of the intermediate beam, The articulated beam is connected with the slope of the car body, and the other end of each articulated beam connects the traction of a flat segments respectively Beam, the draw beam is connected with the cuddy board of the car body;In the intermediate beam and the top both sides of the draw beam, along length Degree direction is arranged at intervals with some fastens knot seat;Four hoisting apparatus are oppositely arranged on the top of the car body two side, often Hoisting apparatus described in one includes a lifting bracket, and being set on each lifting bracket top has a hoist engine, in each institute State and be hinged on lifting bracket a transfer arm moved up and down along the lifting bracket, the end of each transfer arm is respectively provided with There is a connecting hole for being used to overlap another transfer arm;Four bridge plate devices are arranged on two slopes of the car body two-by-two The both sides in face, each bridge plate device includes an articulated stand, and one end of the articulated stand is connected on the car body, institute The other end for stating articulated stand connects a slide plate bottom, and the slide plate is plugged in the chute of a swash plate bottom, the slide plate Outer end connects a linkage;Four cab apron devices are arranged on the both sides at the car body two ends, each cab apron two-by-two Device includes two axle beds and two brackets that are arranged on the wall of the body end portion side, is rotated by a bearing pin on axle bed described in two It is connected with a turnover panel.
The car body floor, the slide plate and the swash plate are using the steel plate processing and fabricating with anti-skid design.
The turnover panel is using a kind of processing and fabricating in steel plate, the diamond plate of hollow out of anti-skid design.
Hoist engine described in the lifting bracket top of the hoisting apparatus is the one kind in electric block, bottle gouard moved by hands.
Above-mentioned loading goods train method, comprises the following steps:
When truck is loaded:1) turnover panel of each cab apron device is outwards dug and reaches on bracket;2) by first truck Sail into and stopped on the cuddy board of car body front end, and knot seat difference will be respectively fastened on the cuddy board of first truck and Vehicular body front Locking clip;3) transfer arm that will be close to first each hoisting apparatus of truck both sides puts down respectively, and connecting two by bearing pin moves Arm is integrated, while open two hoisting apparatus lifting truck afterbody by being moved on two transfer arms;4) and then by second truck The lower concave bottom of car body is sailed in retroversion into, and its afterbody stops when being placed in the lower section of first truck afterbody, and by second truck and car Knot seat difference locking clip is respectively fastened on the lower concave bottom of body;5) start hoisting apparatus again to move down sling first trucks entering transfer arm Put down, make the afterbody of first truck change on second truck;6) by the 3rd truck sail into car body lower concave bottom and with Second truck stops with respect to certain distance and will respectively fasten knot seat difference locking clip on lower concave bottom of the 3rd truck with car body;7) open Dynamic to be placed in the 3rd bridge plate device of truck afterbody, the slide plate being placed in the chute of swash plate bottom by pulling linkage to make draws Go out, ride upon the 3rd top of truck afterbody;8) the 4th truck is fallen back and is sailed on the cuddy board of body rear end, truck Afterbody be placed on the slide plate of bridge plate device, and will respectively fasten knot seat difference locking clip on the 4th truck and body end portion platform;9) The turnover panel of cab apron device is fallen in the groove of car body to varus, that is, completes loading task.
When truck is unloaded:1) turnover panel of each cab apron device is outwards dug and reaches on bracket;2) connection the 4th is unclamped Truck respectively fastens knot seat locking clip, and the 4th truck is directly rolled away from from body end portion platform;3) slide plate of bridge plate device is led to Linkage thrust is crossed, the articulated stand of slide plate bottom is overlapped, and slide plate is overlapped with swash plate is packed up;4) connection is unclamped 3rd respectively fastening for truck ties seat locking clip, then the 3rd truck is rolled away from from the lower concave bottom retroversion of car body;5) hanging first is started Two hoisting apparatus of truck, the afterbody and second truck of first truck are departed from and stop hanging;6) connection second is unclamped Truck respectively fastens knot seat locking clip, then directly rolls second truck away from from the lower concave bottom of car body;7) refitting has been restarted Put, first afterbody of truck is moved down by transfer arm and the wheel of first truck is contacted with ground;8) connection two is moved The bearing pin of arm is extracted, and each transfer arm is dug upwards by the lifting bracket for abutting in respective connection;9) connection first is unclamped Truck respectively fastens knot seat locking clip, first truck is fallen back and is rolled away from;10) turnover panel of each cab apron device is fallen in car to varus In the groove of body, that is, complete unloading task.
Due to taking above technical scheme, it has advantages below to the present invention:1st, the present invention using truck afterbody due to being changed The logistics transportation mode of dress, the commercial heavy truck that will be difficult to transport originally is transported by railway freight-car with reaching as high as 120km/h Scanning frequency degree, realizes the non-normal transport for transfiniting, therefore reduction commercial car is lost in transit and damages, and realizes quick over long distances Transport, meets the demand of Logistics Market.2nd, the present invention due to designed on car body it is some fasten knot seat, therefore can make to rest in every The truck docks at one position are more firm, safe.3rd, it is of the invention due to devising hoisting apparatus and bridge plate device on lorry, because This can realize repeatedly filling for heavy truck afterbody, increase the quantity for loading truck, improve the efficiency of transport heavy truck.4th, this hair It is bright due under car body concave bottom both sides devise guider, therefore can effectively prevent truck in voluntarily cargo handling process with railway Lorry is mutually touched and causes the damage to truck.It is 5th, of the invention due to being respectively arranged with a cab apron device in car body two ends both sides, Therefore truck can be facilitated voluntarily to pass through, accelerates the rate of loading, reduced transport and load cost.Present invention can be widely used to Railway is transported among other various vehicle uses.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention
Fig. 2 is schematic front view of the invention
Fig. 3 is schematic top plan view of the invention
Fig. 4 is center sill structure schematic diagram of the invention
Fig. 5 is two hoisting apparatus working position view of the invention
Fig. 6 is bridge plate working position view of the invention
Fig. 7 is bridge plate inoperative position of the invention view
Fig. 8 is cab apron working position view of the invention
Fig. 9 is cab apron inoperative position of the invention view
Figure 10 is first truck loading condition schematic diagram of the invention
Figure 11 is second truck loading condition schematic diagram of the invention
Figure 12 is the 3rd truck loading condition schematic diagram of the invention
Figure 13 is the 4th truck loading condition schematic diagram of the invention
Specific embodiment
It is described in detail to of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in figure 1, the present invention includes the bridge plate device 30 of hoisting apparatus 20, four of a car body 10, four and four cab aprons Device 40.
As shown in figs. 2 to 4, car body of the invention 10 includes that one is in the central sill of the symmetrically arranged five sections of splicing structures in two ends 11, central sill 11 along the longitudinally central insertion of car body 10 support, the stage casing of central sill 11 is a recessed straight intermediate beam 111, its with The lower concave bottom 12 of car body 10 is connected, and connects one respectively to prevent leading for truck and the contact-impact of car body 10 in the both sides of lower concave bottom 12 To device 13, one section of acclivitous articulated beam 112, articulated beam 112 and car body 10 are connected respectively at the two ends of intermediate beam 111 Slope 14 is connected, and the other end of each articulated beam 112 connects the draw beam 113 of a flat segments, draw beam 113 and car body respectively 10 cuddy board 15 is connected.In intermediate beam 111 and the top both sides of draw beam 113, it is arranged at intervals with along its length some Knot seat 114 is fastened, it is strapped with car body 10 during truck for loading.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 5, four hoisting apparatus 20 of the invention are oppositely arranged on the top of the two side of car body 10, Each hoisting apparatus 20 includes a lifting bracket 21, is provided with a hoist engine on the top of each lifting bracket 21 and (does not show in figure Go out), a transfer arm 22 moved up and down along lifting bracket 21, the end of each transfer arm 22 are hinged on each lifting bracket 21 Portion is provided with one is used to overlap the connecting hole 23 of another transfer arm 22.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, four bridge plate devices 30 of the invention are distributed in each slope of car body 10 14 both sides, each bridge plate device 30 includes an articulated stand 31, and one end of articulated stand 31 is connected on car body 10, is hinged branch Other end connection one slide plate 32 bottom of frame 31, slide plate 32 is plugged in the chute of the bottom of a swash plate 33, and the outer end of slide plate 32 connects Connect a linkage 34.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 8, four cab apron devices 40 of the invention are distributed in the two ends of car body 10, each cab apron device 40 Including two axle beds 41 and two brackets 42 that are arranged in the end sidewalls of car body 10, wherein, two axle beds 41 are disposed on two brackets 42 inner side, distribution rotates one turnover panel 44 of connection by a bearing pin 43 on two axle beds 41.
In above-described embodiment, the bottom of each draw beam 113 connects a body center plate 16 respectively, on each draw beam 113 respectively A front draft lug 17 and a rear draft lug 18 are connected with, the two ends of car body 10 pass through each front draft lug 17 and rear draft lug 18 respectively The coupler and draft gear 1 at the two ends of connection body 10, the tractive force born for transmission car body 10 or compression stress, the bottom of car body 10 Portion is connected on bogie 2 by body center plate 16.
In above-described embodiment, the floor of car body 10, slide plate 32 and swash plate 33 are using the steel plate processing system with anti-skid design Make.Turnover panel 44 is using a kind of processing and fabricating in steel plate, the diamond plate of hollow out of anti-skid design.Car body 10 and bogie 2 it Between be provided with brake apparatus 3.
In above-described embodiment, the hoist engine of hoisting apparatus 20 is the one kind in chain block, electric block, in dump truck The transfer arm 22 that Shi Rengong will bear against in the side wall of lifting bracket 21 puts down, and after by bearing pin, two transfer arms 22 are connected, restarts Hoist engine drives transfer arm 22 to be moved up and down along articulated stand 31, drives the lifting of truck afterbody, with realize two adjacent trucies it Between afterbody change dress (as shown in Figure 5).Hoisting apparatus 20 after connecting the bearing pin extraction of two transfer arms 22, then is incited somebody to action in inoperative Each transfer arm 22 is flipped up abutting in by lifting bracket 21, so that truck normal pass.
In above-described embodiment, in goods and railway freight-car operation way is loaded, slide plate 32 is cut with scissors bridge plate device 30 by bottom Connect support 31 to support, the chute along swash plate 33 in the presence of the pull-up of linkage 34 is stretched to working position state obliquely upward (as shown in Figure 6).When railway freight-car is empty wagons situation, slide plate 32 by the effect of the thrust of linkage 34, under making slide plate 32 The articulated stand 31 in portion is overlapped, and folding slide plate 32 and swash plate 33, to fall to packing up be inoperative position state (as shown in Figure 7).Its effect is The 10 times concave bottoms in the cuddy board face 15 of car body 10 and car body 12 that stagger in dump truck are loaded after truck between two wheel of truck The gap of lower repeatedly dress, to realize that truck runs over certainly.
In above-described embodiment, between its effect linking in dump truck of cab apron device 40 connects between extension railway freight-car Gap, to realize that truck runs over certainly.Cab apron device 40 in handling goods, turnover panel 44 answer it is turned-out transit be on bracket 42 Working position state (as shown in Figure 8), turnover panel 44 should be inside in handling goods is completed and railway freight-car runs way for cab apron device 40 It is inoperative position state (as shown in Figure 9) that upset falls in the groove of car body 10.
The stowage of truck of the present invention, comprises the following steps:As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 8
1) turnover panel 44 of each cab apron device 40 is outwards dug and reaches on bracket 42;
2) first truck is sailed into and stopped on the cuddy board 15 of the front end of car body 10, and by first truck and car body 10 Knot seat 114 is respectively fastened on anterior cuddy board 15 and distinguishes locking clip (as shown in Figure 10);
3) transfer arm 22 that will be close to first each hoisting apparatus 20 of truck both sides puts down respectively, is connected by bearing pin Two transfer arms 22 are integrated, while open two hoisting apparatus 20 lifting truck afterbody by being moved on two transfer arms 22;
4) second truck and then fall back the lower concave bottom 12 for sailing car body 10 into, its afterbody is placed in first truck afterbody Stopped during lower section, and distinguish locking clip by knot seat 114 is respectively fastened on the lower concave bottom 12 of second truck and car body 10;
5) sling first trucks entering transfer arm 22 is moved down put down again by startup hoisting apparatus 20, makes first truck Afterbody fold on second truck (as shown in figure 11);
6) lower concave bottom 12 and certain distance relative with second truck that the 3rd truck sails car body 10 into are stopped and is incited somebody to action Knot difference locking clip of seat 114 (as shown in figure 12) is respectively fastened on 3rd truck and the lower concave bottom 12 of car body 10;
7) start and be placed in the 3rd bridge plate device 30 of truck afterbody, the bottom of swash plate 33 is placed in by pulling linkage 34 to make Slide plate 32 in portion's chute is pulled out, and rides upon the 3rd top of truck afterbody;
8) the 4th truck is fallen back and is sailed on the cuddy board 15 of the rear end of car body 10, the afterbody of truck is placed in bridge plate device On 30 slide plate 32, and locking clip is distinguished (such as Figure 13 institutes by knot seat 114 is respectively fastened on the 4th truck and the cuddy board 15 of car body 10 Show);
9) turnover panel 44 of cab apron device 40 is fallen in the groove of car body 10 to varus, that is, completes loading task.
Truck of the present invention unloads method, comprises the following steps:As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 7, Fig. 9
1) turnover panel 44 of each cab apron device 40 is outwards dug and reaches on bracket 42;
2) that unclamps the 4th truck of connection respectively fastens the knot locking clip of seat 114, and the 4th truck is directly put down from the end of car body 10 Platform 15 is rolled away from;
3) slide plate 32 of bridge plate device 30 is made into the articulated stand 31 of the bottom of slide plate 32 by the thrust of linkage 33 Overlapping, and slide plate 32 is overlapped with swash plate 33 pack up;
4) that unclamps the 3rd truck of connection respectively fastens the knot locking clip of seat 114, then by the 3rd truck from the lower concave bottom of car body 10 12 retroversions are rolled away from;
5) start first two hoisting apparatus 20 of truck of hanging, the afterbody and second truck of first truck are departed from Stop hanging;
6) that unclamps second truck of connection respectively fastens the knot locking clip of seat 114, then by second truck from the recessed of car body 10 Bottom 12 is directly rolled away from;
7) hoisting apparatus 20 is restarted, first afterbody of truck is moved down first car of truck by transfer arm 22 Wheel is contacted with ground;
8) will connect two transfer arms 22 bearing pin extract, and each transfer arm 22 is dug upwards abut in each connect By lifting bracket 21;
9) that unclamps first truck of connection respectively fastens the knot locking clip of seat 114, first truck is fallen back and is rolled away from;
10) turnover panel 44 of each cab apron device 40 is fallen in the groove of car body 10 to varus, that is, completes unloading task.
The various embodiments described above are merely to illustrate the present invention, wherein the structure of each part, connected mode etc. all can be Change, every equivalents carried out on the basis of technical solution of the present invention and improvement should not be excluded of the invention Outside protection domain.

Claims (5)

1. it is a kind of transport commercial truck railway freight-car, it is characterised in that:It includes a car body, four hoisting apparatus, four bridges Panel assembly and four cab apron devices;
The car body includes that one is in the central sill of the symmetrically arranged five sections of splicing structures in two ends, and the central sill is along the car body longitudinal direction Through support, the stage casing of the central sill is a recessed straight intermediate beam, and the intermediate beam is recessed with the car body Bottom connect, be respectively provided with a guider in the both sides of the lower concave bottom, the two ends of the intermediate beam connect respectively one section to Upper inclined articulated beam, the articulated beam is connected with the slope of the car body, and the other end of each articulated beam connects respectively The draw beam of a flat segments is connect, the draw beam is connected with the cuddy board of the car body;In the intermediate beam and the traction The top both sides of beam, are arranged at intervals with some fasten knot seat along its length;
Four hoisting apparatus are oppositely arranged on the top of the car body two side, and each hoisting apparatus includes a lifting Support, being set on each lifting bracket top has a hoist engine, and one is hinged on each lifting bracket along institute The transfer arm that lifting bracket is moved up and down is stated, the end of each transfer arm is provided with one for overlapping another movement The connecting hole of arm;
Four bridge plate devices are arranged on the both sides of two slopes of the car body two-by-two, and each bridge plate device includes one Articulated stand, one end of the articulated stand is connected on the car body, and the other end of the articulated stand connects a slide plate bottom Portion, the slide plate is plugged in the chute of a swash plate bottom, and the outer end of the slide plate connects a linkage;
Four cab apron devices are arranged on the both sides at the car body two ends two-by-two, and each cab apron device includes being arranged on institute Two axle beds and two brackets on the wall of body end portion side are stated, a turnover panel is rotatably connected to by a bearing pin on axle bed described in two.
2. a kind of railway freight-car for transporting commercial truck as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The floor of the car body, The slide plate and the swash plate are using the steel plate processing and fabricating with anti-skid design.
3. a kind of railway freight-car for transporting commercial truck as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The turnover panel is using anti-skidding A kind of processing and fabricating in the steel plate of decorative pattern, the diamond plate of hollow out.
4. the railway freight-car of a kind of transport commercial truck as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:Described refitting Hoist engine described in the lifting bracket top put is the one kind in electric block, bottle gouard moved by hands.
5. the loading goods train method of commercial truck is transported as described in any one of Claims 1 to 4, is comprised the following steps:
When truck is loaded:
1) turnover panel of each cab apron device is outwards dug and takes on bracket;
2) first truck is sailed into and stopped on the cuddy board of car body front end, and by the end of first truck and Vehicular body front Knot seat difference locking clip is respectively fastened on platform;
3) transfer arm that will be close to first each hoisting apparatus of truck both sides is put down respectively, and two transfer arms are connected by bearing pin It is integrated, while open two hoisting apparatus lifting truck afterbody by being moved on two transfer arms;
4) second truck and then fall back the lower concave bottom for sailing car body into, its afterbody stops when being placed in the lower section of first truck afterbody Car, and knot seat difference locking clip will be respectively fastened on the lower concave bottom of second truck and car body;
5) sling first trucks entering transfer arm is moved down put down again by startup hoisting apparatus, the afterbody of first truck is changed Fall on second truck;
6) the 3rd truck is sailed into lower concave bottom and the certain distance parking relative with second truck and by the 3rd card of car body Knot seat difference locking clip is respectively fastened on car and the lower concave bottom of car body;
7) start and be placed in the 3rd bridge plate device of truck afterbody, be placed in the chute of swash plate bottom by pulling linkage to make Slide plate is pulled out, and rides upon the 3rd top of truck afterbody;
8) the 4th truck is fallen back and is sailed on the cuddy board of body rear end, the afterbody of truck is placed in the slide plate of bridge plate device On, and knot seat difference locking clip will be respectively fastened on the 4th truck and body end portion platform;
9) turnover panel of cab apron device is fallen in the groove of car body to varus, that is, completes loading task;
When truck is unloaded:
1) turnover panel of each cab apron device is outwards dug and reaches on bracket;
2) that unclamps the 4th truck of connection respectively fastens knot seat locking clip, and the 4th truck is directly rolled away from from body end portion platform;
3) overlap the articulated stand of slide plate bottom by linkage thrust on the slide plate of bridge plate device, and by slide plate Overlapped with swash plate and packed up;
4) that unclamps the 3rd truck of connection respectively fastens knot seat locking clip, then the 3rd truck is rolled away from from the lower concave bottom retroversion of car body;
5) first two hoisting apparatus of truck of hanging are started, first afterbody of truck and second truck are departed from into stopping hangs Hang;
6) that unclamps second truck of connection respectively fastens knot seat locking clip, and then second truck is directly sailed from the lower concave bottom of car body Go out;
7) hoisting apparatus is restarted, first afterbody of truck is moved down the wheel of first truck and ground by transfer arm Contact;
8) bearing pin that will connect two transfer arms is extracted, and each transfer arm is dug the lifting bracket for abutting in respective connection upwards It is other;
9) that unclamps first truck of connection respectively fastens knot seat locking clip, first truck is fallen back and is rolled away from;
10) turnover panel of each cab apron device is fallen in the groove of car body to varus, that is, completes unloading task.
CN201410645847.5A 2014-11-12 2014-11-12 Wagon for transporting commercial trucks and loading method for wagon Active CN104386075B (en)

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