CN104527670A - Railway freight car and cargo loading and unloading system - Google Patents

Railway freight car and cargo loading and unloading system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104527670A
CN104527670A CN201510003145.1A CN201510003145A CN104527670A CN 104527670 A CN104527670 A CN 104527670A CN 201510003145 A CN201510003145 A CN 201510003145A CN 104527670 A CN104527670 A CN 104527670A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
supporting
railway truck
unloading
underframe
loading
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510003145.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王军松
于跃斌
岳启林
李华
田海增
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH Co Ltd
Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH Co Ltd
Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH Co Ltd, Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co Ltd filed Critical BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510003145.1A priority Critical patent/CN104527670A/en
Publication of CN104527670A publication Critical patent/CN104527670A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/16Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads
    • B61D3/18Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D47/00Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps

Abstract

The invention provides a railway freight car and a cargo loading and unloading system. The railway freight car comprises a bottom frame (10) and wheels on the lower portion of the bottom frame (10), and further comprises a loading portion (20) and a limiting structure, wherein the loading portion (20) is arranged on the bottom frame (10) in a pivoted mode and is provided with an outward swing position and a retracting position, and when the loading portion (20) is at the retracting position, the limiting structure limits rotation of the loading portion (20). By means of the technical scheme, the problem that in the prior art, a railway freight car is low in loading efficiency can be effectively solved.

Description

Railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system
Technical field
The present invention relates to rolling stock technical field, in particular to a kind of railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system.
Background technology
At present, road transport is one of major way of China's goods transport.But because road transport affects comparatively large by factors such as weather, landform and night travels, automobile reaches on special railway truck by staff usually, and by railway by automobile transportation to destination.Thisly carry out growing distance by railway, weather-proof transportation mode can reduce energy resource consumption, alleviate the pollution to environment, improve Transport Safety, not only economy but also safe and reliable.
When being transported on-highway motor vehicle by railway, railway truck is led assigned address to loading point by loading circuit by staff usually, and automobile 1 ' is reached the floor 11 ' upper (as shown in Figure 1) of railway truck by platform, complete loading process.After this, by railway by automobile transportation to destination, and automobile to be left down by platform from the floor 11 ' of railway truck, then arrives appointed place voluntarily.
In the lorry loading of above-mentioned transportation mode or the process of unloading, automobile 1 ' can only leave from the end of railway truck or open down.When a row railway truck needs transport many automobiles 1 ', automobile 1 ' can only reach the other end of car team successively from one end of railway truck car team, efficiency of loading lower (as shown in Figure 2).
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system, to solve the inefficient problem of loading goods train of the prior art.
To achieve these goals, according to an aspect of the present invention, provide a kind of railway truck, comprise underframe and be arranged on the wheel below underframe, railway truck also comprises supporting part and position limiting structure, supporting part is arranged on underframe pivotly, and supporting part has outer pendulum position and reclaims position, and supporting part is in the rotation of position limiting structure restriction supporting part when reclaiming position.
Further, supporting part is liftably arranged on underframe.
Further, position limiting structure comprises the limited portion of the limiting section be arranged on underframe and the bottom being arranged on supporting part, and limited portion is contained in limiting section.
Further, underframe is provided with pivot block, supporting part is provided with the pivot section coordinated with pivot block.
Further, supporting part is provided with traction connecting portion.
According to a further aspect in the invention, provide a kind of shipping loading and unloading system, comprise platform and railway truck, railway truck is above-mentioned railway truck.
Further, supporting part has the raised position being positioned at sustained height with platform.
Further, underframe has relief portion, shipping loading and unloading system also comprises hydraulic efficiency pressure system, hydraulic efficiency pressure system comprises hydraulic actuating cylinder and is arranged on the bearing support portion on hydraulic actuating cylinder, bearing support portion is corresponding with relief portion position, the cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder is fixed on the below of railway truck, and the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder is connected with bearing support portion, and bearing support portion matches to make supporting part to move between position and raised position reclaiming with supporting part.
Further, portion has roller to bearing support, and roller matches with supporting part.
Further, underframe is concave bottom frame.
Further, concave bottom frame comprises floor and is arranged on the supporting seat at two ends, floor, and the transverse width on floor is less than the transverse width of supporting part, the upper surface of supporting seat and the underside shape of supporting part suitable, form relief portion between supporting seat and floor.
Apply technical scheme of the present invention, underframe is set up supporting part and position limiting structure.Above-mentioned supporting part is arranged on underframe pivotly.When carrying out loading operation to automobile, supporting part moves to outer pendulum position by reclaiming position.Now, automobile is reached on the supporting part of railway truck, treat that automobile to be placed in completely on supporting part and after coming to a complete stop, supporting part to be moved to by outer pendulum position and reclaims position, and limit the rotation of supporting part with position limiting structure, thus complete loading process.When a row railway truck needs transport many automobiles, because railway truck has above-mentioned supporting part and position limiting structure, many automobiles can be realized and be loaded on railway truck simultaneously, and without the need to a row railway truck solution being compiled, efficiency of loading is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The Figure of description forming a application's part is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and schematic description and description of the present invention, for explaining the present invention, does not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
The single vehicle that Fig. 1 shows railway truck in prior art loads schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 shows many lorry loading schematic diagrams of railway truck in prior art;
Fig. 3 shows the schematic diagram of the vehicle gauge in prior art in railway transportation;
Fig. 4 shows the schematic front view of the embodiment according to railway truck of the present invention;
Fig. 5 shows the schematic top plan view of the embodiment of the railway truck of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 shows the A-A of the embodiment of the railway truck of Fig. 4 to cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 7 shows the B-B of the embodiment of the railway truck of Fig. 4 to cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 8 shows the structural representation before the loading or unloading of the embodiment of the railway truck of Fig. 4;
Fig. 9 shows the hydraulic schematic before the loading or unloading of the embodiment of the railway truck of Fig. 4;
Figure 10 shows the hydraulic schematic in the loading or unloading process of the embodiment of the railway truck of Fig. 4;
Figure 11 shows the structural representation in the loading or unloading process of the embodiment of the railway truck of Fig. 4; And
Figure 12 shows the position limiting structure schematic diagram in the loading or unloading process of the embodiment of the railway truck of Fig. 4.
Wherein, above-mentioned accompanying drawing comprises the following drawings mark:
1 ', automobile; 11 ', floor; 10, underframe; 11, floor; 12, supporting seat; 20, supporting part; 31, pivot block; 32, pivot section; 41, limiting section; 42, limited portion; 50, hydraulic actuating cylinder; 60, bearing support portion; 70, connecting portion is drawn.
Detailed description of the invention
It should be noted that, when not conflicting, the embodiment in the application and the feature in embodiment can combine mutually.Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and describe the present invention in detail in conjunction with the embodiments.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the railway truck of the present embodiment comprises underframe 10 and the wheel be arranged on below underframe 10, railway truck also comprises supporting part 20 and position limiting structure, supporting part 20 is arranged on underframe 10 pivotly, supporting part 20 has outer pendulum position and reclaims position, and supporting part 20 is in the rotation of position limiting structure restriction supporting part 20 when reclaiming position.
The railway truck of application the present embodiment, underframe 10 is set up supporting part 20 and position limiting structure.Above-mentioned supporting part 20 is arranged on underframe 10 pivotly.When carrying out loading operation to automobile, supporting part 20 moves to outer pendulum position by recovery position.Now, automobile is reached on the supporting part 20 of railway truck, treat that automobile to be placed in completely on supporting part 20 and after coming to a complete stop, supporting part 20 to be moved to by outer pendulum position and reclaims position, and limit the rotation of supporting part 20 with position limiting structure, thus complete loading process.When a row railway truck needs transport many automobiles, because railway truck has above-mentioned supporting part 20 and position limiting structure, many automobiles can be realized and be loaded on railway truck simultaneously, and without the need to a row railway truck solution being compiled, efficiency of loading is high.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, supporting part 20 is liftably arranged on underframe 10.Above-mentioned supporting part 20 can carry out lift adjustment according to the particular location of automobile to be loaded, and automobile can be made successfully to drive on supporting part 20, can adapt to different loading environment, enhance loading alerting ability.
As shown in Figure 7, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, position limiting structure comprises the limited portion 42 of the limiting section 41 be arranged on underframe 10 and the bottom being arranged on supporting part 20, and limited portion 42 is contained in limiting section 41.When carrying out spacing to supporting part 20, limited portion 42 is stuck in limiting section 41, rotate, good limit effect, and structure is simple, is easy to realize when above-mentioned position limiting structure can effectively prevent supporting part 20 to be in recovery position.
As shown in Figure 6, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, underframe 10 is provided with pivot block 31, supporting part 20 is provided with the pivot section 32 coordinated with pivot block 31.Said structure realizes can pivotable connect between supporting part 20 and underframe 10.Particularly, the pivot block 31 in the present embodiment is for being fixedly installed on the swivel pin in the middle part of underframe 10, and pivot section 32 is for being fixedly installed on the turnbarrel in the middle part of supporting part 20, and above-mentioned turnbarrel is set on swivel pin, and can pivotable coordinate with swivel pin.In addition, when supporting part 20 carries out lift adjustment, turnbarrel correspondingly can move along the axis of swivel pin, thus realizes supporting part 20 and can pivotable be connected with underframe 10 when raised position.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, supporting part 20 is provided with traction connecting portion 70.Above-mentioned traction connecting portion 70 is for being arranged on the traction seat of supporting part 20 side.When carrying out loading or unloading to automobile, ground traction system (ground mover) can be made to be connected with the traction seat of supporting part 20 side, and supporting part 20 is rotated, until supporting part 20 turns to and waits to load the relative outer pendulum position of automobile.
Present invention also provides a kind of shipping loading and unloading system, comprise platform and above-mentioned railway truck according to the embodiment of the shipping loading and unloading system of the application.
As shown in Figure 10, in the shipping loading and unloading system of the present embodiment, supporting part 20 has the raised position being positioned at sustained height with platform.Make supporting part 20 and platform be positioned at sustained height and be convenient to lorry loading.
As shown in Figs. 8 to 11, in the shipping loading and unloading system of the present embodiment, underframe 10 has relief portion, shipping loading and unloading system also comprises hydraulic efficiency pressure system, the bearing support portion 60 that hydraulic efficiency pressure system comprises hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 and is arranged on hydraulic actuating cylinder 50, bearing support portion 60 is corresponding with relief portion position, the cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 is fixed on the below of railway truck, the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 is connected with bearing support portion 60, and bearing support portion 60 matches to make supporting part 20 to move between position and raised position reclaiming with supporting part 20.
Particularly, the platform in above-mentioned shipping loading and unloading system is arranged on the both sides of railway line, and platform is provided with ground traction system (ground mover).
When carrying out loading operation to automobile, first lead to loading point by railway truck by loading railway line, above-mentioned hydraulic efficiency pressure system is positioned at the below (as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9) of railway truck.After railway truck comes to a complete stop, the piston rod of the hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 of hydraulic efficiency pressure system stretches out, and by bearing support portion 60 jack-up.Bearing support portion 60 matches with supporting part 20, and to make supporting part 20 rise, until the bottom surface of supporting part 20 and platform are positioned at sustained height, namely supporting part 20 is positioned at raised position, and hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 stops action.Now, the limited portion 42 bottom supporting part 20 is separated (as shown in figure 12) with the limiting section 41 on underframe 10.After limited portion 42 is separated with limiting section 41, ground traction system (ground mover) on the platform of manipulation side is to drive the traction seat of supporting part 20 side, supporting part 20 is rotated, until supporting part 20 turns to and waits to load the relative outer pendulum position of automobile.Now, automobile is reached (as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11) the supporting part 20 of railway truck from platform, treat that automobile to be placed in completely on supporting part 20 and after coming to a complete stop, to handle the ground traction system (ground mover) on opposite side platform, supporting part 20 is rotated backward.After supporting part 20 is become a full member, the piston rod of the hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 of hydraulic efficiency pressure system is retracted, and supporting part 20 falls back on underframe 10, and namely supporting part 20 is positioned at and reclaims position, and hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 stops action.Now, the limited portion 42 bottom supporting part 20 falls back in the limiting section 41 on underframe 10, thus completes loading process.The both sides platform of railway line can arrange many group hydraulic efficiency pressure systems and ground traction system (ground mover), therefore, can realize many automobiles and be loaded on railway truck simultaneously.
When carrying out unloading operation to automobile, after railway truck comes to a complete stop, the piston rod of the hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 of hydraulic efficiency pressure system stretches out, and by bearing support portion 60 jack-up.Bearing support portion 60 matches with supporting part 20, and to make supporting part 20 rise, until the bottom surface of supporting part 20 and platform are positioned at sustained height, namely supporting part 20 is positioned at raised position, and hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 stops action.Now, the limited portion 42 bottom supporting part 20 is separated with the limiting section 41 on underframe 10.After limited portion 42 is separated with limiting section 41, ground traction system (ground mover) on the platform of manipulation side is to drive the traction seat of supporting part 20 side, supporting part 20 is rotated, until supporting part 20 turns to and waits to load the relative outer pendulum position of automobile.Now, automobile is reached platform from the supporting part 20 of railway truck, after treating that supporting part 20 outputed completely by automobile, handle the ground traction system (ground mover) on opposite side platform, supporting part 20 is rotated backward.After supporting part 20 is become a full member, the piston rod of the hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 of hydraulic efficiency pressure system is retracted, and supporting part 20 falls back on underframe 10, and namely supporting part 20 is positioned at and reclaims position, and hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 stops action.Now, the limited portion 42 bottom supporting part 20 falls back in the limiting section 41 on underframe 10, thus completes uninstall process.When a row railway truck needs transport many automobiles, the automobile that said structure can realize on permutation railway truck unloads simultaneously, and in the uninstall process of automobile, can drive a car forward, carry out car backing operation without the need to chaufeur, reduce vehicle drive difficulty.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, above-mentioned limiting section 41 is location gear box, and limited portion 42 is and locates the positioning baffle keeping off box and match.Supporting part 20 is steel plate crimping structure, and turnbarrel and positioning baffle are welded on the below of supporting part 20.
As shown in Figs. 8 to 11, in the shipping loading and unloading system of the present embodiment, bearing support portion 60 has roller, roller matches with supporting part 20.Roller can reduce the friction drag of supporting part 20 in rotation process and between bearing support portion 60 effectively, makes the rotation of supporting part 20 more smooth.
As shown in Figure 4, in the shipping loading and unloading system of the present embodiment, underframe 10 is concave bottom frame.
In railway transport course; in order to ensure the safety of automobile on railway line; prevent it from clashing into the building of adjacent lines and equipment, usually to railway truck and the leading dimensions line (chain line shown in Fig. 3 partially illustrates leading dimensions line) that do not allow to surmount can be specified close to the building of circuit, equipment.Above-mentioned leading dimensions line is called railway clearance.Basic railway clearance comprises vehicle gauge and structure clearance.Owing to being subject to the impact of railway clearance, when using railway freight-car transporting automobile, if the size of automobile is comparatively large, the railway truck overall dimensions that automobile is housed is easy to exceed vehicle gauge (as shown in Figure 3).
Because above-mentioned underframe 10 is concave bottom frame, full-sized car can fall in concave bottom after the loading is performed, the height reduction of automobile end face, thus make the railway truck overall dimensions that full-sized car is housed exceed vehicle gauge, realize full-sized car by the long distance of railway, weather-proof transport, save traffic cost, and effectively ensure that transportation safety.
As shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 9 and Figure 10, in the shipping loading and unloading system of the present embodiment, concave bottom frame comprises floor 11 and is arranged on the supporting seat 12 at two ends, floor 11, the transverse width on floor 11 is less than the transverse width of supporting part 20, the upper surface of supporting seat 12 and the underside shape of supporting part 20 suitable, form relief portion between supporting seat 12 and floor 11.In said structure, do not produce with the supporting seat 12 at two ends, floor 11 during hydraulic work system and interfere.The structure on the floor 11 of above-mentioned concave bottom frame is convenient to hydraulic work system, and can save material, reduces cost.
From above description, can find out, the above embodiments of the present invention achieve following technique effect: when a row railway truck needs transport many automobiles, can realize many automobiles and carry out loading or unloading simultaneously, without the need to a row railway truck solution being compiled, efficiency of loading is high, and in loading or unloading process, all can drive a car forward, carry out car backing operation without the need to chaufeur, reduce vehicle drive difficulty.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a railway truck, comprise underframe (10) and be arranged on the wheel below described underframe (10), it is characterized in that, described railway truck also comprises supporting part (20) and position limiting structure, described supporting part (20) is arranged on described underframe (10) pivotly, described supporting part (20) has outer pendulum position and reclaims position, and when described supporting part (20) is in described recovery position, described position limiting structure limits the rotation of described supporting part (20).
2. railway truck according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described supporting part (20) is liftably arranged on described underframe (10).
3. railway truck according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described position limiting structure comprises the limited portion (42) of the limiting section (41) be arranged on described underframe (10) and the bottom being arranged on described supporting part (20), and described limited portion (42) is contained in described limiting section (41).
4. railway truck according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described underframe (10) is provided with pivot block (31), described supporting part (20) is provided with the pivot section (32) coordinated with described pivot block (31).
5. railway truck according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described supporting part (20) is provided with traction connecting portion (70).
6. a shipping loading and unloading system, comprises platform and railway truck, it is characterized in that, the railway truck of described railway truck according to any one of claim 2 to 5.
7. shipping loading and unloading system according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described supporting part (20) has the raised position being positioned at sustained height with described platform.
8. shipping loading and unloading system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, (10) have relief portion with described underframe, described shipping loading and unloading system also comprises hydraulic efficiency pressure system, described hydraulic efficiency pressure system comprises hydraulic actuating cylinder (50) and is arranged on the bearing support portion (60) on described hydraulic actuating cylinder (50), described bearing support portion (60) is corresponding with described relief portion position, the cylinder body of described hydraulic actuating cylinder (50) is fixed on the below of described railway truck, the piston rod of described hydraulic actuating cylinder (50) is connected with described bearing support portion (60), described bearing support portion (60) is matched with described supporting part (20) described supporting part (20) is moved between described recovery position and described raised position.
9. shipping loading and unloading system according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described bearing support portion (60) has roller, and described roller matches with described supporting part (20).
10. shipping loading and unloading system according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described underframe (10) is concave bottom frame.
11. shipping loading and unloading system according to claim 10, it is characterized in that, described concave bottom frame comprises floor (11) and is arranged on the supporting seat (12) at described floor (11) two ends, the transverse width on described floor (11) is less than the transverse width of described supporting part (20), the upper surface of described supporting seat (12) and the underside shape of described supporting part (20) suitable, form described relief portion between described supporting seat (12) and described floor (11).
CN201510003145.1A 2015-01-05 2015-01-05 Railway freight car and cargo loading and unloading system Pending CN104527670A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510003145.1A CN104527670A (en) 2015-01-05 2015-01-05 Railway freight car and cargo loading and unloading system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510003145.1A CN104527670A (en) 2015-01-05 2015-01-05 Railway freight car and cargo loading and unloading system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104527670A true CN104527670A (en) 2015-04-22

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510003145.1A Pending CN104527670A (en) 2015-01-05 2015-01-05 Railway freight car and cargo loading and unloading system

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104859671A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-08-26 齐齐哈尔轨道交通装备有限责任公司 Piggyback transport vehicle
CN105584492A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-05-18 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Novel wagon for piggyback transport
CN105644570A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-08 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Novel railway truck for piggyback type transportation

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104859671A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-08-26 齐齐哈尔轨道交通装备有限责任公司 Piggyback transport vehicle
CN104859671B (en) * 2015-06-12 2017-12-19 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Piggyback transport car
CN105584492A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-05-18 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Novel wagon for piggyback transport
CN105644570A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-08 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Novel railway truck for piggyback type transportation
CN105584492B (en) * 2016-03-10 2018-03-23 北京驮丰高新科技股份有限公司 One kind carries back of the body formula transport New Type of Railway Freight Cars on the back
CN105644570B (en) * 2016-03-10 2018-04-20 北京驮丰高新科技股份有限公司 One kind carries back of the body formula transport New Type of Railway Freight Cars on the back

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Address after: 161002 Qigihar City, Heilongjiang province Tiefeng District Plant Road No. 36

Applicant after: CRRC QIQIHAR VEHICLE CO., LTD.

Applicant after: BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH CO., LTD.

Address before: 161002 Qigihar City, Heilongjiang province Tiefeng District Plant Road No. 36

Applicant before: Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co., Ltd.

Applicant before: BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH CO., LTD.

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Application publication date: 20150422

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication