CN204323345U - Railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system - Google Patents

Railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204323345U
CN204323345U CN201420733748.8U CN201420733748U CN204323345U CN 204323345 U CN204323345 U CN 204323345U CN 201420733748 U CN201420733748 U CN 201420733748U CN 204323345 U CN204323345 U CN 204323345U
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China
Prior art keywords
floor
railway truck
truck
lifting unit
railway
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CN201420733748.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
伊永峰
王军松
李华
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BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH CO., LTD.
CRRC Qiqihar Rolling Stock Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH Co Ltd
Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420733748.8U priority Critical patent/CN204323345U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system.Wherein, railway truck comprises underframe and is arranged on the wheel below underframe, underframe comprises floor (10), floor (10) comprises floor, two ends (11) and is arranged on the intermediate floor (12) between floor, two ends (11), intermediate floor (12) has the concave part lower than floor, end (11), railway truck also comprises carrying lifting unit (20), carrying lifting unit (20) is arranged on concave part, carrying lifting unit (20) has the recovery position of fitting with concave part and is positioned at the raised position of sustained height with floor, two ends (11).The technical solution of the utility model can solve the problem that railway truck of the prior art can not transport large truck effectively.

Description

Railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system
Technical field
The utility model relates to rolling stock technical field, in particular to a kind of railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system.
Background technology
At present, road transport is one of major way of China's goods transport.But because road transport affects comparatively large by factors such as weather, landform and night travels, automobile carrier reaches on special railway truck by staff usually, and by railway, automobile carrier is transported to destination.Thisly carry out growing distance, weather-proof transportation mode not only economy but also safe and reliable by railway.
In above-mentioned transportation mode, railway truck is led assigned address to loading point by loading circuit by staff usually, and truck 1 ' is reached the floor 10 ' upper (as shown in Figure 1) of railway truck by platform, completes loading process.After this, by railway by transported on trucks to destination, and truck to be left down by platform from the floor 10 ' of railway truck, then arrives appointed place voluntarily.
In railway transport course; in order to ensure the safety of truck on railway line; prevent it from clashing into the building of adjacent lines and equipment, usually to railway truck and the leading dimensions line (chain line shown in Fig. 2 partially illustrates leading dimensions line) that do not allow to surmount can be specified close to the building of circuit, equipment.Above-mentioned leading dimensions line is called railway clearance.Basic railway clearance comprises vehicle gauge and structure clearance.
Owing to being subject to the impact of railway clearance, when using railway freight-car transporting truck of the prior art, if the size of truck is comparatively large, the railway truck overall dimensions that truck is housed is easy to exceed vehicle gauge (as shown in Figure 2).So just cause above-mentioned transportation mode to transport pickup truck, can not large truck be transported.
Utility model content
Main purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system, to solve the problem that railway truck of the prior art can not transport large truck.
To achieve these goals, according to an aspect of the present utility model, provide a kind of railway truck, comprise underframe and be arranged on the wheel below underframe, underframe comprises floor, floor comprises floor, two ends and is arranged on the intermediate floor between floor, two ends, intermediate floor has the concave part lower than floor, end, railway truck also comprises carrying lifting unit, carrying lifting unit is arranged on concave part, and carrying lifting unit has the recovery position of fitting with concave part and is positioned at the raised position of sustained height with floor, two ends.
Further, underframe also comprises: two curb girders, and two curb girder intervals arrange and are parallel to each other, and two curb girders are arranged on two relative side edge on floor.
Further, carrying lifting unit comprises: longeron, and longeron is two, and two longeron intervals arrange and are parallel to each other; Crossbeam, crossbeam is multiple, and multiple girder space is arranged between two longerons, and each crossbeam is all fixedly connected with two longerons.
Further, carry lifting unit and also comprise the positioning groove be arranged on longeron and/or crossbeam.
Further, carry lifting unit and also comprise the backing plate be arranged on bottom longeron.
Further, the concave part of intermediate floor is provided with the locations coordinated with positioning groove.
Further, positioning groove and locations are multiple, and arrange correspondingly.
According to another aspect of the present utility model, provide a kind of shipping loading and unloading system, comprise platform and railway truck, railway truck is above-mentioned railway truck.
Further, the concave part of the intermediate floor of underframe has and dodges hole, shipping loading and unloading system also comprises hydraulic efficiency pressure system, hydraulic efficiency pressure system comprises hydraulic actuating cylinder, the cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder is fixed on the below of railway truck, the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder is corresponding with dodging hole to be arranged, and the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder coordinates to make carrying lifting unit to move between position and raised position reclaiming with carrying lifting unit.
Further, shipping loading and unloading system also comprises rebound, and one end of rebound can pivotable be connected with platform, and the other end of rebound coordinates with the floor, end of underframe.
Application the technical solution of the utility model, the floor of underframe comprises floor, two ends and is arranged on the intermediate floor between floor, two ends, and intermediate floor has concave part.Above-mentioned concave part is provided with carrying lifting unit.When carrying out loading operation to large truck, carrying lifting unit moves to by the recovery position of fitting with concave part the raised position being positioned at sustained height with floor, two ends.Truck is being reached on the intermediate floor of railway truck, and the tire of truck be in carrying lifting unit on after, make carrying lifting unit by raised position move to reclaim position, truck falls in railway truck thereupon, thus completes loading process.Similarly, when carrying out unloading operation to large truck, carrying lifting unit moves to raised position by reclaiming position, until truck is left from the floor of railway truck lower after, carrying lifting unit is moved to by raised position and reclaims position, thus complete uninstall process.Because large truck falls in railway truck, the height reduction of truck end face, the railway truck overall dimensions that large truck is housed can not exceed vehicle gauge, thus efficiently solves the problem that railway truck can not transport large truck.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The Figure of description forming a application's part is used to provide further understanding of the present utility model, and schematic description and description of the present utility model, for explaining the utility model, is not formed improper restriction of the present utility model.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 shows the loading schematic diagram of railway truck in prior art;
Fig. 2 shows the schematic diagram of the vehicle gauge in prior art in railway transportation;
Fig. 3 a and Fig. 3 b shows schematic front view according to the railway truck of embodiment of the present utility model and schematic top plan view;
Fig. 4 a and Fig. 4 b shows schematic front view according to the carrying lifting unit of embodiment of the present utility model and schematic top plan view;
Fig. 5 a and Fig. 5 b shows schematic front view according to the hydraulic efficiency pressure system of embodiment of the present utility model and schematic top plan view;
Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b shows according to the platform of embodiment of the present utility model and the schematic front view of rebound and schematic top plan view;
Fig. 7 shows the loading initial condition schematic diagram of the railway truck according to embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 shows the loading intermediateness schematic diagram of the railway truck according to embodiment of the present utility model; And
Fig. 9 shows the loading done state schematic diagram of the railway truck according to embodiment of the present utility model.
Wherein, above-mentioned accompanying drawing comprises the following drawings mark:
1 ', truck; 10 ', floor; 1, truck; 10, floor; 11, floor, end; 12, intermediate floor; 20, lifting unit is carried; 21, longeron; 22, crossbeam; 23, positioning groove; 24, backing plate; 30, curb girder; 40, locations; 50, hydraulic actuating cylinder; 60, rebound.
Detailed description of the invention
It should be noted that, when not conflicting, the embodiment in the application and the feature in embodiment can combine mutually.Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and describe the utility model in detail in conjunction with the embodiments.
As shown in Fig. 3 a to Fig. 4 b, the railway truck of the present embodiment comprises underframe and is arranged on the wheel below underframe.Underframe comprises floor 10, the intermediate floor 12 that floor 10 comprises floor, two ends 11 and is arranged between floor, two ends 11, and intermediate floor 12 has the concave part lower than floor, end 11.Railway truck also comprises carrying lifting unit 20.Carrying lifting unit 20 is arranged on concave part, and carrying lifting unit 20 has the recovery position of fitting with concave part and is positioned at the raised position of sustained height with floor, two ends 11.
The railway truck of application the present embodiment, the intermediate floor 12 that the floor 10 of underframe comprises floor, two ends 11 and is arranged between floor, two ends 11, and intermediate floor 12 has concave part.Above-mentioned concave part is provided with carrying lifting unit 20.When carrying out loading operation to large truck, carrying lifting unit 20 moves to by the recovery position of fitting with concave part the raised position being positioned at sustained height with floor, two ends 11.Truck is being reached on the intermediate floor 12 of railway truck, and the tire of truck be in carrying lifting unit 20 on after, make carrying lifting unit 20 by raised position move to reclaim position, truck falls in railway truck thereupon, thus completes loading process.Similarly, when carrying out unloading operation to large truck, carrying lifting unit 20 by recovery position move to raised position, until truck is left from the floor 10 of railway truck lower after, carrying lifting unit 20 is moved to by raised position and reclaims position, thus complete uninstall process.Because large truck falls in railway truck, the height reduction of truck end face, the railway truck overall dimensions that large truck is housed can not exceed vehicle gauge, thus efficiently solves the problem that railway truck can not transport large truck.
As shown in Figure 3 a and Figure 3 b shows, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, underframe also comprises two curb girders 30.Two curb girder 30 intervals arrange and are parallel to each other, and two curb girders 30 are arranged on two relative side edge on floor 10.Arranging of two curb girders 30 in the loading and unloading process of railway truck, can be played the effect of location, and can strengthen the load-carrying capacity of the underframe of railway truck to the course of truck.
As shown in figures 4 a and 4b, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, carrying lifting unit 20 comprises longeron 21 and crossbeam 22.Longeron 21 is two, and two longeron 21 intervals arrange and are parallel to each other.Crossbeam 22 is multiple, and multiple crossbeam 22 is disposed between two longerons 21, and each crossbeam 22 is all fixedly connected with two longerons 21.Said structure is under the prerequisite that can ensure the bearing capacity carrying lifting unit 20, and structure is comparatively simple, saves material, is easy to realize.Preferably, above-mentioned longeron 21 and crossbeam 22 can be shaped steel, and longeron 21 can be welding with the mode that is fixedly connected with of crossbeam 22, effectively can strengthen the bearing capacity of carrying lifting unit 20 like this.
As shown in figures 4 a and 4b, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, carrying lifting unit 20 also comprises the positioning groove 23 be arranged on longeron 21 and/or crossbeam 22.When carrying lifting unit 20 and moving to the recovery position of fitting with concave part by the raised position being positioned at sustained height with floor, two ends 11, positioning groove 23 can play the effect of location.
As shown in figures 4 a and 4b, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, carrying lifting unit 20 also comprises the backing plate 24 be arranged on bottom longeron 21.
As shown in Fig. 3 a to Fig. 4 b, in the railway truck of the present embodiment, the concave part of intermediate floor 12 is provided with the locations 40 coordinated with positioning groove 23.Positioning groove 23 and locations 40 are multiple, and arrange correspondingly.Locations 40 on above-mentioned concave part matches with the positioning groove 23 on carrying lifting unit 20.When carrying lifting unit 20 raised position and moving to recovery position, positioning groove 23 is fallen on corresponding locations 40, plays the effect of location.
Present invention also provides a kind of shipping loading and unloading system, comprise platform and above-mentioned railway truck according to the embodiment of the shipping loading and unloading system of the application.
As shown in Fig. 3 a to Fig. 5 b, in the shipping loading and unloading system of the present embodiment, the concave part of the intermediate floor 12 of underframe has and dodges hole (not shown).Shipping loading and unloading system also comprises hydraulic efficiency pressure system.Hydraulic efficiency pressure system comprises hydraulic actuating cylinder 50, the cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 is fixed on the below of railway truck, the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 is corresponding with dodging hole to be arranged, and the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 coordinates to make carrying lifting unit 20 to move between position and raised position reclaiming with carrying lifting unit 20.
Particularly, when railway truck is led the assigned address to loading point by loading circuit by staff, the cylinder body of the hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 of above-mentioned hydraulic efficiency pressure system is positioned at the below (as shown in Figure 7) of railway truck.The piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 with on concave part to dodge hole corresponding, the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 acts on the backing plate 24 of carrying lifting unit 20 by dodging hole.The piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 stretches out, and will carry lifting unit 20 from jack-up in concave part, and after lifting unit 20 to be lifted is positioned at sustained height with floor, end 11, hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 stops action.The floor 10 (as shown in Figure 8) of railway truck left by truck 1.After truck 1 comes to a complete stop on railway truck, the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 is retracted, and carrying lifting unit 20 falls back in concave part, and after lifting unit 20 to be lifted is fitted with concave part, hydraulic actuating cylinder 50 stops action (as shown in Figure 9).Said structure can drive carrying lifting unit 20 the recovery position that concave part is fitted and and floor, described two ends 11 move between the raised position of sustained height.
As shown in Fig. 6 a to Fig. 6 b, in the shipping loading and unloading system of the present embodiment, shipping loading and unloading system also comprises rebound 60.One end of rebound 60 can pivotable be connected with platform, and the other end of rebound 60 coordinates with the floor, end 11 of underframe.When carrying lifting unit 20 and being positioned at sustained height with floor, end 11, the rebound 60 on platform can be overturn, snap on the floor, end 11 of railway truck, facilitate truck 1 to pass through.
From above description, can find out, the utility model the above embodiments can make large truck fall in railway truck, the height reduction of truck end face, and then make the railway truck overall dimensions that large truck is housed that vehicle gauge can not be exceeded, thus efficiently solve the problem that railway truck can not transport large truck.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a railway truck, comprise underframe and be arranged on the wheel below described underframe, it is characterized in that, described underframe comprises floor (10), described floor (10) comprises floor, two ends (11) and is arranged on the intermediate floor (12) between floor, two described ends (11), described intermediate floor (12) has the concave part lower than floor, described end (11), described railway truck also comprises carrying lifting unit (20), described carrying lifting unit (20) is arranged on described concave part, described carrying lifting unit (20) has the recovery position of fitting with described concave part and is positioned at the raised position of sustained height with floor, described two ends (11).
2. railway truck according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described underframe also comprises:
Two curb girders (30), two described curb girder (30) intervals arrange and are parallel to each other, and described two curb girders (30) are arranged on two relative side edge on described floor (10).
3. railway truck according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described carrying lifting unit (20) comprising:
Longeron (21), described longeron (21) is two, and two described longeron (21) intervals arrange and are parallel to each other;
Crossbeam (22), described crossbeam (22) is for multiple, multiple described crossbeam (22) is disposed between two described longerons (21), and each described crossbeam (22) is all fixedly connected with two described longerons (21).
4. railway truck according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described carrying lifting unit (20) also comprises the positioning groove (23) be arranged on described longeron (21) and/or described crossbeam (22).
5. railway truck according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described carrying lifting unit (20) also comprises the backing plate (24) being arranged on described longeron (21) bottom.
6. railway truck according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the concave part of described intermediate floor (12) is provided with the locations (40) coordinated with described positioning groove (23).
7. railway truck according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described positioning groove (23) and described locations (40) for multiple, and are arranged correspondingly.
8. a shipping loading and unloading system, comprises platform and railway truck, it is characterized in that, the railway truck of described railway truck according to any one of claim 1 to 7.
9. shipping loading and unloading system according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, the concave part of the intermediate floor (12) of described underframe has and dodges hole, described shipping loading and unloading system also comprises hydraulic efficiency pressure system, described hydraulic efficiency pressure system comprises hydraulic actuating cylinder (50), the cylinder body of described hydraulic actuating cylinder (50) is fixed on the below of described railway truck, with described, the piston rod of described hydraulic actuating cylinder (50) dodges that hole is corresponding to be arranged, the piston rod of described hydraulic actuating cylinder (50) coordinates with described carrying lifting unit (20) described carrying lifting unit (20) is moved between described recovery position and described raised position.
10. shipping loading and unloading system according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described shipping loading and unloading system also comprises rebound (60), one end of described rebound (60) can pivotable be connected with described platform, and the other end of described rebound (60) coordinates with the floor, end (11) of described underframe.
CN201420733748.8U 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system Active CN204323345U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420733748.8U CN204323345U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420733748.8U CN204323345U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Railway truck and shipping loading and unloading system

Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105253153A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-01-20 陈红颖 Road-rail transportation train-truck
CN109080713A (en) * 2018-08-16 2018-12-25 中车哈尔滨车辆有限公司 Pneumatic lifting depressed center car and coach transportation, discharging method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105253153A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-01-20 陈红颖 Road-rail transportation train-truck
CN109080713A (en) * 2018-08-16 2018-12-25 中车哈尔滨车辆有限公司 Pneumatic lifting depressed center car and coach transportation, discharging method

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 161002 Qigihar City, Heilongjiang province Tiefeng District Plant Road No. 36

Patentee after: CRRC QIQIHAR VEHICLE CO., LTD.

Patentee after: BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH CO., LTD.

Address before: 161002 Qigihar City, Heilongjiang province Tiefeng District Plant Road No. 36

Patentee before: Qiqihar Rail Traffic Equipment Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: BEIJING TF HIGH-TECH CO., LTD.