CN104355709A - Method for producing biological organic fertilizer from wheat straw - Google Patents

Method for producing biological organic fertilizer from wheat straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104355709A
CN104355709A CN201410591237.1A CN201410591237A CN104355709A CN 104355709 A CN104355709 A CN 104355709A CN 201410591237 A CN201410591237 A CN 201410591237A CN 104355709 A CN104355709 A CN 104355709A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
organic fertilizer
biological organic
viride
fertilizer
compost
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410591237.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张洪卫
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Chongqing Is Precious Science And Technology Ltd Co Richly
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Chongqing Is Precious Science And Technology Ltd Co Richly
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Application filed by Chongqing Is Precious Science And Technology Ltd Co Richly filed Critical Chongqing Is Precious Science And Technology Ltd Co Richly
Priority to CN201410591237.1A priority Critical patent/CN104355709A/en
Publication of CN104355709A publication Critical patent/CN104355709A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for producing a biological organic fertilizer from wheat straw. The method comprises the following steps: crushing the wheat straw to be less than 50mm; spraying a bacterial liquid onto the crushed wheat straw, uniformly mixing, controlling the water content to be within 70-85% and the pH value to be 7; turning over when the temperature of the material is risen to be 50 DEG C, and controlling the fermentation temperature to be 50-70 DEG C and the fermentation time to be 5-15 days; when the compost size of the fertilizer is collapsed by 1/3-1/2 at the final fermentation point, drying the fertilizer in air, so as to obtain the biological organic fertilizer. As the bacterial liquid is used in biological organic fertilizer fermentation production, the composting time is shortened, the water amount for production is reduced, no toxicity, harm or odor is generated, the environment is not polluted, the nutrients can be maintained, the content of organic matters in the fertilizer is increased, and the quality of the fertilizer is improved.

Description

A kind of wheat stalk produces the method for biological organic fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method for producing biological organic fertilizer, be specifically related to a kind of method that wheat stalk produces biological organic fertilizer, belong to biological fertilizer field.
Background technology
It is reported, China's all kinds of agricultural crop straw gross annual output amount reaches more than 700,000,000 tons, wherein straw 2.3 hundred million tons, wheat stalk 1,000,000,000 tons, accounts for about 30% of the total stalk amount in the world.But these stalk resources are not but reasonably developed for a long time, traditionally, stalk is produced fuel or the roughage for livestock, on a small quantity for papermaking by as peasant household.In recent years, because rural household's life fuel falls sharply, straw directly returning to field or decomposition into field amount few, and field directly burning amount is large, and the whole nation about has the stalk of 2/3 directly to be burned every year.What utilize after technical finesse in all stalks only accounts for 2.6%.In stalk, carbon accounts for the overwhelming majority, and be secondly potassium, silicon, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, phosphorus, the product after burning mainly contains CO2, CO, SO2, NO2 and N2O, and these obnoxious flavoures cause serious environmental pollution after entering air.If go back field after rotten for these stalks heap, by becoming the fertilizer fertilizing soil of horn of plenty, improve soil property.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of wheat stalk and produces the method for biological organic fertilizer, overcomes stalk in prior art and can not fully to ferment the defect utilized.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows: a kind of wheat stalk produces the method for biological organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
Step 1): wheat stalk is crushed to below 20mm;
Step 2): bacterium liquid is sprayed on the wheat stalk after fragmentation and mixes, control the moisture content of mixed mixture within 70 ~ 85wt% scope, pH 7;
The active ingredient of described microbial inoculum is viride (Trichoderma viride), trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) and feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli);
The colony forming unit number ratio of described viride (Trichoderma viride), described trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) and described feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli) is 1: 0.9-1.5: 1.-1.8.
Step 3): adopt conventional fermentation cabin compost, bar buttress formula compost or static compost method to ferment, start turning when temperature of charge to 50 DEG C, controlling leavening temperature is 50 ~ 70 DEG C, and fermentation time is 5 ~ 10 days; Fermentation termination compost volume subsides 1/3 ~ 1/2, dries and namely makes biological organic fertilizer.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: due to a certain proportion of different microorganisms is mixed bacterium liquid be used for straw organic fertilizer sound field, the compost time can be shortened, reduce water of productive use amount, and nontoxic, harmless, free from extraneous odour, environmentally safe, can nutrient be preserved simultaneously, improve the organic content in fertilizer, thus improve fertilizer quality.
On the basis of technique scheme, the present invention can also do following improvement.
The present invention's a kind of wheat stalk described above produces the method for biological organic fertilizer, and further, described viride (Trichoderma viride) is viride (Trichoderma viride) ACCC30166,
Described trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) is trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) ACCC 32248,
Described feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli) is feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli) ACCC 10273.
The present invention's a kind of wheat stalk described above produces the method for biological organic fertilizer, further, the colony forming unit number ratio of described viride (Trichoderma viride), described trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) and described feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli) is 1: 1: 1.2
Biological organic fertilizer organic content and the nutrient content of the present invention's production are all higher, can provide sufficient nutrition for crop; Growth, the development that antagonism is harmful to pathogenic micro-organism is played by adding the fermentation of bacterium liquid; Subtilis, vinelandii etc. can promote root system of plant and plant strain growth, enhance the disease resistance of plant, thus indirectly reduce disease generation.Bacterium liquid of the present invention is adopted to ferment than normally piling rotten fermentation time 15 days at least in advance.Use the soil alkaline hydrolysis nitrogen of fertilizer prepared by the present invention, rapid available phosphorus, potassium and organic content all than directly using stalk and not using the soil of fertilizer high, fertilizer prepared by the present invention is used as base manure, significantly can improve the quality of vegetables, use fertilizer prepared by the present invention, corn on average increases production 8 ~ 12%, wheat on average increases production 10 ~ 15%, apple on average increases production 10 ~ 20%, vegetables on average increase production 10 ~ 20%, other crops such as potato, melon and fruit are also on average increased production between 10 ~ 16%.
Embodiment
Be described principle of the present invention and feature below in conjunction with embodiment, example, only for explaining the present invention, is not intended to limit scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Wheat stalk is crushed to the particle of below 15mm, spray into bacterium liquid to moisture content 75%, adopt conventional fermentation cabin heap corruption, bar buttress formula compost or static compost method to ferment, start turning when temperature of charge rises to 50 DEG C, controlling leavening temperature is 50 ~ 70 DEG C, 5 ~ 15 days material temperatures start to decline, obtain fertilizer finished product after appropriateness airing, material is all in black or chocolate, flexible by the softness held, easily broken after dry, slightly fragrance or fermented flavour.
The active ingredient of described microbial inoculum is viride (Trichoderma viride), trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) and feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli);
The colony forming unit number ratio of described viride (Trichoderma viride) ACCC30166, described trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) ACCC 32248 and described feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli) ACCC 10273 is 1: 1.5: 1.8.
The biological organic fertilizer indices that the embodiment of the present invention 1 obtains is determined as follows: organic (in butt) >=40%, living bacteria count (cfu) >=0.7 hundred million/g; Moisture≤20%; PH value 6.2-7.5; Humic acid >=10%; Excrement colibacillus group number≤80/g (mL); Induced worm egg death rate >=98%.
This biological organic fertilizer product meets organic fertilizer national sector standard (NY525-2012) and People's Republic of China's agricultural industry criteria (NY 884-2004, biological organic fertilizer).
Embodiment 2
Corn stalk powder is broken to the particle of below 20mm, spray into bacterium liquid to moisture content 70%, the complex micro organism fungicide adding material quantity 5wt% mixes, conventional fermentation cabin heap corruption, bar buttress formula compost or static compost method is adopted to ferment, turning is started during temperature of charge to 50 DEG C, controlling leavening temperature is 50 ~ 70 DEG C, 15 days material temperatures start to decline, fertilizer finished product is obtained after appropriateness airing, material is all in black or chocolate, flexible by the softness held, easily broken after dry, slightly fragrance or fermented flavour.
The active ingredient of described microbial inoculum is viride (Trichoderma viride), trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) and feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli);
The colony forming unit number ratio of described viride (Trichoderma viride) ACCC30166, described trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) ACCC 32248 and described feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli) ACCC 10273 is 1: 1: 1.2.
The biological organic fertilizer indices that the embodiment of the present invention 2 obtains is as follows: organic (in butt) >=55%, living bacteria count (cfu) >=0.7 hundred million/g; Moisture≤20%; PH value 6.2-7.5; Humic acid >=10%; Excrement colibacillus group number≤80/g (mL); Induced worm egg death rate >=98%.
This biological organic fertilizer product meets organic fertilizer national sector standard (NY525-2012) and People's Republic of China's agricultural industry criteria (NY 884-2004, biological organic fertilizer).
Embodiment 3
Corn stalk powder is broken to the particle of below 20mm, spray into bacterium liquid to moisture content 70%, the complex micro organism fungicide adding material quantity 5wt% mixes, conventional fermentation cabin heap corruption, bar buttress formula compost or static compost method is adopted to ferment, turning is started during temperature of charge to 50 DEG C, controlling leavening temperature is 50 ~ 70 DEG C, 15 days material temperatures start to decline, fertilizer finished product is obtained after appropriateness airing, material is all in black or chocolate, flexible by the softness held, easily broken after dry, slightly fragrance or fermented flavour.
The active ingredient of described microbial inoculum is viride (Trichoderma viride), trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) and feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli);
The colony forming unit number ratio of described viride (Trichoderma viride) ACCC30166, described trichoderma aureoviride (Trichoderma aureoviride) ACCC 32248 and described feed series bacillus (Paenibacillus pabuli) ACCC 10273 is 1: 1.5: 1.2.
The biological organic fertilizer indices that the embodiment of the present invention 3 obtains is determined as follows: organic (in butt) >=40%, living bacteria count (cfu) >=0.7 hundred million/g; Moisture≤20%; PH value 6.2-7.5; Humic acid >=10%; Excrement colibacillus group number≤80/g (mL); Induced worm egg death rate >=98%.
This biological organic fertilizer product meets organic fertilizer national sector standard (NY525-2012) and People's Republic of China's agricultural industry criteria (NY 884-2004, biological organic fertilizer).
Adopt production fertilizer prepared by the embodiment of the present invention 1, embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 method, fertilizer efficiency is very remarkable, and within 2013, ground test shows, after the fertilizer using the present invention to produce in Hu County, Shanxi etc., soil with organic matter content significantly increases, and various crop yield significantly improves.As corn on average increase production 8 ~ 12%, wheat on average increases production 10 ~ 15%, apple on average increases production 10 ~ 20%, vegetables on average increase production 10 ~ 20%, other crops such as potato, melon and fruit are also on average increased production between 10 ~ 16%, agricultural product quality and safety level generally reaches green food requirement, allows the peasant of local reception test taste the sweet taste of increasing both production and income synergy.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. wheat stalk produces a method for biological organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step 1): wheat stalk is crushed to below 20mm;
Step 2): bacterium liquid is sprayed on the wheat stalk after fragmentation and mixes, control mixed
The moisture content of mixture within 70 ~ 85wt% scope, pH 7;
The active ingredient of described microbial inoculum is viride, trichoderma aureoviride and feed series bacillus;
The colony forming unit number ratio of described viride, described trichoderma aureoviride and described feed series bacillus is 1: 0.9-1.5: 1-1.8.
2. step 3): adopt conventional fermentation cabin compost, bar buttress formula compost or static compost method to ferment, start turning when temperature of charge to 50 DEG C, controlling leavening temperature is 50 ~ 70 DEG C, and fermentation time is 5 ~ 10 days; Fermentation termination compost volume subsides 1/3 ~ 1/2, dries and namely makes biological organic fertilizer.
3. a kind of wheat stalk produces the method for biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described viride is viride ACCC30166, and described trichoderma aureoviride is trichoderma aureoviride ACCC 32248, and described feed series bacillus is feed series bacillus ACCC 10273.
4. a kind of wheat stalk produces the method for biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, and it is characterized in that, the colony forming unit number ratio of described viride, described trichoderma aureoviride and described feed series bacillus is 1: 1: 1.2.
CN201410591237.1A 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Method for producing biological organic fertilizer from wheat straw Pending CN104355709A (en)

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CN104355709A true CN104355709A (en) 2015-02-18

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105110896A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-02 合肥旭腾环保科技有限公司 Wheat straw biochar fertilizer for reducing nutrient loss and preparation method for wheat straw biochar fertilizer
CN105130588A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-09 合肥旭腾环保科技有限公司 Thermal-insulation wheat straw biocarbon fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106083264A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 滨州泰裕麦业有限公司 A kind of recycling wheat stalk prepares the new technology of biological organic fertilizer
CN106242912A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-12-21 史丹利农业集团股份有限公司 A kind of multifunctional biological fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105110896A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-02 合肥旭腾环保科技有限公司 Wheat straw biochar fertilizer for reducing nutrient loss and preparation method for wheat straw biochar fertilizer
CN105130588A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-09 合肥旭腾环保科技有限公司 Thermal-insulation wheat straw biocarbon fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106083264A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 滨州泰裕麦业有限公司 A kind of recycling wheat stalk prepares the new technology of biological organic fertilizer
CN106242912A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-12-21 史丹利农业集团股份有限公司 A kind of multifunctional biological fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150218