CN104305480A - Pepper husking device - Google Patents

Pepper husking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104305480A
CN104305480A CN201410588620.1A CN201410588620A CN104305480A CN 104305480 A CN104305480 A CN 104305480A CN 201410588620 A CN201410588620 A CN 201410588620A CN 104305480 A CN104305480 A CN 104305480A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
beaming roller
eccentric wheel
vibratory sieve
belt
prickly ash
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410588620.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
廖佳袁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING XINSHUI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHONGQING XINSHUI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHONGQING XINSHUI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical CHONGQING XINSHUI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410588620.1A priority Critical patent/CN104305480A/en
Publication of CN104305480A publication Critical patent/CN104305480A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to machine used for husking, dehullling or cracking nuts, in particular to a pepper husking device. The pepper husking device comprises a frame, a motor, a feed hopper and a husking mechanism; the motor is fixed on the frame, a discharge pipe is arranged at the bottom of the feed hopper, a discharge valve is arranged on the discharge pipe, the husking mechanism comprises a pair of shaft rollers used for crushing peppers, a fan, a vibration screen and an eccentric wheel, the shaft rollers are located under the discharge pipe, the fan is located under the shaft rollers, the air outlet of the fan faces one side of the shaft rollers, the vibration screen is connected on the frame in a lifting manner, and the eccentric wheel is rotatably connected with the frame and is abutted against the bottom of the vibration screen; the output end of the motor, one ends of the shaft rollers and one side of the eccentric wheel are provided with belt pulleys, the belt pulleys at the output end of the motor and at one ends of the shaft rollers are connected through a belt, and the belt pulleys at one ends of the shaft rollers and on one side of the eccentric wheel are connected through a belt. By the arrangement, pepper shells can be husked automatically, and a great deal time are saved.

Description

Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of for shelling, hulling or crack the machinery of nut, be specifically related to a kind of Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus.
Background technology
The output of China's food industry vegetable oil far can not meet the needs of domestic production and life, adds that the imbalance between supply and demand of some areas is very outstanding by this impact in national skewness of oil plant.
In recent years, along with the develop rapidly of science and technology, the nutritive value of numerous food product is also found successively.Experimental study shows, the nutritive value of Zanthoxylum essential oil is very high.Therefore, the selling market of exploitation Zanthoxylum essential oil, its prospect is very wide, designs corresponding type also just extremely urgent.
In order to extract Zanthoxylum essential oil, first must remove the watchcase of Chinese prickly ash, then wild pepper seed being processed, thus the Zanthoxylum essential oil in extraction wild pepper seed, but Chinese prickly ash particle is less, is not also exclusively used in the machine that Chinese prickly ash is peeled off at present, if and manual removal pricklyash hull, then require a great deal of time.
Summary of the invention
For the defect that above-mentioned prior art exists, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of realization automatically to peel off pricklyash hull, thus save the Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus of plenty of time.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is: Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus, wherein, comprise frame, motor, feed hopper and shelling mechanism, described motor is fixed in frame, described feeding funnel bottom part is provided with discharge nozzle, discharge nozzle is provided with outlet valve, described shelling mechanism comprises the beaming roller of the broken Chinese prickly ash of a pair cooperation, blower fan, vibratory sieve and eccentric wheel, described beaming roller is positioned at below discharge nozzle, described blower fan is positioned at below beaming roller, fan outlet is towards beaming roller side, described vibratory sieve is liftably connected in frame, described eccentric wheel is connected with gantry rotation, offset bottom eccentric wheel and vibratory sieve, described motor output end, beaming roller one end and eccentric wheel side are equipped with belt wheel, and the belt wheel of motor output end, beaming roller one end is connected by belt, and the belt wheel of beaming roller one end, eccentric wheel side is also connected by belt.
When adopting technique scheme, wild pepper seed adds from feed hopper, open outlet valve, wild pepper seed drops out from the discharge nozzle of feeding funnel bottom part, and beaming roller is positioned at below discharge nozzle, so wild pepper seed drops in the gap between two beaming rollers, the belt wheel of motor output end, beaming roller one end is connected by belt, so one of them beaming roller rotates, thus two beaming rollers can extrude and broken wild pepper seed, drop to subsequently on vibratory sieve.Main component after fragmentation is pricklyash hull, Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli and not broken wild pepper seed.Blower fan is positioned at below beaming roller, fan outlet is towards beaming roller side, so Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli and pricklyash hull can separate by blower fan, Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli and not broken wild pepper seed drop down onto on vibratory sieve, the belt wheel of beaming roller one end, eccentric wheel side is also connected by belt, and offsets bottom eccentric wheel and vibratory sieve, so promote shaker vibration in eccentric wheel rotation process, due to the difference of granularity, Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli and not broken wild pepper seed are just separated by vibratory sieve.Wild pepper seed only need add in feed hopper by the present invention, by the broken wild pepper seed of beaming roller, is separated pricklyash hull by blower fan, finally by vibratory sieve, Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli is separated with not broken wild pepper seed, thus obtain, by the Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli of peeling off, achieving and automatically peeling off pricklyash hull, so can the plenty of time be saved.
Further, the both sides at described vibratory sieve two ends are equipped with vertical guide plate, and guide plate is provided with gathering sill, and vibratory sieve relevant position is provided with the pilot pin coordinating and insert gathering sill.
Further, described beaming roller surface is provided with crushing teeth.If beaming roller smooth surface, when extruding wild pepper seed, can too thin by wild pepper seed fragmentation, easily blown away by blower fan, then can not too thin by wild pepper seed fragmentation with crushing teeth beaming roller.
Further, described fan outlet tilts upward layout, and the horizontal component of blower fan blowout wind is used for being separated by pricklyash hull, so can reduce the probability blowing away Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus, wherein, comprise frame 1, motor 7, feed hopper 2 and shelling mechanism, motor 7 is fixed in frame 1, discharge nozzle 3 is provided with bottom feed hopper 2, discharge nozzle 3 is provided with outlet valve 4, shelling mechanism comprises the beaming roller 5 of the broken Chinese prickly ash of a pair cooperation, blower fan 6, vibratory sieve 9 and eccentric wheel 8, beaming roller 5 surface is provided with crushing teeth 51, beaming roller 5 is positioned at below discharge nozzle 3, blower fan 6 is positioned at below beaming roller 5, blower fan 6 air outlet is towards beaming roller 5 side and tilt upward layout, the both sides at vibratory sieve 9 two ends are equipped with vertical guide plate 10, and guide plate 10 is provided with gathering sill 101, vibratory sieve 9 relevant position is provided with the pilot pin coordinating and insert gathering sill 101, eccentric wheel 8 and frame 1 are rotationally connected, offset bottom eccentric wheel 8 and vibratory sieve 9, motor 7 output, beaming roller 5 one end and eccentric wheel 8 side are equipped with belt wheel, and the belt wheel of motor 7 output, beaming roller 5 one end is connected by belt 11, and the belt wheel of beaming roller 5 one end, eccentric wheel 8 side is also connected by belt 11.
In the present embodiment, its volume and gravity flow blanking are mainly considered in the design of hopper, and therefore hopper design be cube above becoming, is the combining form of triangular prism below.Consider gravity flow blanking, thus bottom drop down plate and vertical line angle at 45 °, width will mate with vibratory sieve 9.
The average thickness of wild pepper seed is approximately 2.2 ~ 2.5mm, therefore the distance of getting between two beaming rollers 5 is 2mm.
The effect of vibratory sieve 9 is separated the wild pepper seed do not separated and pricklyash hull.Because the density difference of pricklyash hull and wild pepper seed is not very large, and its size granularity differs greatly, so select vibratory sieve 9 to be separated.By measuring the size of broken rear pricklyash hull, the aperture selecting vibratory sieve 9 is 1mm, and the amplitude of vibratory sieve 9 is 15mm, and the frequency that vibratory sieve 9 shakes is 500Hz.
Specific works principle:
As shown in Figure 1, wild pepper seed adds from feed hopper 2, open outlet valve 4, wild pepper seed drops out from the discharge nozzle 3 bottom feed hopper 2, and beaming roller 5 is positioned at below discharge nozzle 3, so wild pepper seed drops in the gap between two beaming rollers 5, the belt wheel of motor 7 output, beaming roller 5 one end is connected by belt 11, so one of them beaming roller 5 rotates, thus two beaming rollers 5 can extrude and broken wild pepper seed, drop to subsequently on vibratory sieve 9.Main component after fragmentation is pricklyash hull, Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli and not broken wild pepper seed.Blower fan 6 is positioned at below beaming roller 5, blower fan 6 air outlet is towards beaming roller 5 side, so Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli and pricklyash hull can separate by blower fan 6, Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli and not broken wild pepper seed drop down onto on vibratory sieve 9, the belt wheel of beaming roller 5 one end, eccentric wheel 8 side is also connected by belt 11, and offsets bottom eccentric wheel 8 and vibratory sieve 9, vibrates so promote vibratory sieve 9 in eccentric wheel 8 rotation process, due to the difference of granularity, Semen Pericarpium Zanthoxyli and not broken wild pepper seed are just separated by vibratory sieve 9.
Above-described is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; should be understood that; for a person skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from structure of the present invention; some distortion and improvement can also be made; these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, and these all can not affect effect of the invention process and practical applicability.

Claims (4)

1. Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus, it is characterized in that, comprise frame, motor, feed hopper and shelling mechanism, described motor is fixed in frame, described feeding funnel bottom part is provided with discharge nozzle, discharge nozzle is provided with outlet valve, described shelling mechanism comprises the beaming roller of the broken Chinese prickly ash of a pair cooperation, blower fan, vibratory sieve and eccentric wheel, described beaming roller is positioned at below discharge nozzle, described blower fan is positioned at below beaming roller, and fan outlet is towards beaming roller side, and described vibratory sieve is liftably connected in frame, described eccentric wheel is connected with gantry rotation, offsets bottom eccentric wheel and vibratory sieve; Described motor output end, beaming roller one end and eccentric wheel side are equipped with belt wheel, and the belt wheel of motor output end, beaming roller one end is connected by belt, and the belt wheel of beaming roller one end, eccentric wheel side is also connected by belt.
2. Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the both sides at described vibratory sieve two ends are equipped with vertical guide plate, and guide plate is provided with gathering sill, and vibratory sieve relevant position is provided with the pilot pin coordinating and insert gathering sill.
3. Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described beaming roller surface is provided with crushing teeth.
4. Chinese prickly ash peeling apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fan outlet tilts upward layout.
CN201410588620.1A 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 Pepper husking device Pending CN104305480A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410588620.1A CN104305480A (en) 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 Pepper husking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410588620.1A CN104305480A (en) 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 Pepper husking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104305480A true CN104305480A (en) 2015-01-28

Family

ID=52360915

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410588620.1A Pending CN104305480A (en) 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 Pepper husking device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN104305480A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782332A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-22 海南大学 Wet pepper threshing and peeling machine
CN105380280A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-09 郑久和 Castaneahenryi hulling machine and hulling method
CN109770376A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-05-21 南京师范大学 A kind of simple huller for melon seeds
CN110839908A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-02-28 叶华阳 Melon seed decorticator
CN112535296A (en) * 2020-11-07 2021-03-23 贵州福正油桐发展有限公司 Tung seed peeling equipment

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782332A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-22 海南大学 Wet pepper threshing and peeling machine
CN105380280A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-09 郑久和 Castaneahenryi hulling machine and hulling method
CN105380280B (en) * 2015-11-18 2017-06-09 郑久和 Chinquapin hulling machine and its chinquapin hulling method
CN109770376A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-05-21 南京师范大学 A kind of simple huller for melon seeds
CN110839908A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-02-28 叶华阳 Melon seed decorticator
CN112535296A (en) * 2020-11-07 2021-03-23 贵州福正油桐发展有限公司 Tung seed peeling equipment

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PB01 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150128