CN104228858B - Transport vehicle and vehicle body thereof - Google Patents

Transport vehicle and vehicle body thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104228858B
CN104228858B CN201410520622.7A CN201410520622A CN104228858B CN 104228858 B CN104228858 B CN 104228858B CN 201410520622 A CN201410520622 A CN 201410520622A CN 104228858 B CN104228858 B CN 104228858B
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Prior art keywords
wall
wall element
lining
headwall
car body
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CN104228858A (en
Inventor
张俊林
于跃斌
刘海鹏
李伟鹏
何佰传
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CRRC Qiqihar Rolling Stock Co Ltd
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Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a vehicle and a vehicle body thereof. The vehicle body comprises a bottom frame, side walls and end walls. The side walls are arranged on the two sides of the bottom frame. The end walls are arranged at the front end and the rear end of the bottom frame. A cavity for containing material is defined by the side walls and the end walls. A wall body of each side wall and a wall body of each end wall respectively comprise at least one aluminum profile wall body unit of a hollow structure. Each wall body unit comprises an outer wall board and an inner wall board, wherein a hollow structure is defined by the outer wall board and the inner wall board. Compared with the prior art, the vehicle body has the advantages that side columns arranged on the side walls and the end walls are omitted, the equal-strength design concept is adopted, the aluminum profile wall body units of the hollow structure are adopted, and the side walls and the end walls have smaller widths under the condition that the same structural strength is obtained; in this way, on one hand, the capacity of the vehicle body can be improved, and on the other hand, the design of the vehicle body can be easily optimized for the vehicles with the same use limit.

Description

A kind of haulage vehicle and its car body
Technical field
The present invention relates to railway construction technical field of vehicle, particularly to a kind of haulage vehicle and its car body.
Background technology
Coal hopper car is a kind of typical haulage vehicle, and coal hopper car has that efficiency high of unloading, the comprehensive method of investment be few, day The advantage such as often running cost is low, labor condition is good, is the most economical means of transportation of large loose goods such as coal, had already become state The common recognition of inside and outside railway enterprises, especially apart from the circuit that mining area is near, freight volume big and fortune coal section is fixing, its transportation economics Effect becomes apparent from.
In prior art, a kind of car body of typical coal hopper car mainly includes underframe 2 ', two side walls 1 ' and two ends Wall 6 ', two side walls 1 ' are connected to underframe 2 ' both sides, and two headwalls 6 ' are connected to the rear and front end portion of underframe 2 ', bottom Frame 2 ', side wall 1 ', headwall 6 ' assemble the loading space that back wall becomes the loose goods such as coal, and underframe 2 ' is further opened with bottom door 4 ', For unloading.Wherein, all using plate column type structure, side wall 1 ' includes framed side wallboard and side taking side wall 1 ' as a example for side wall 1 ', headwall 6 ' Post 3 ', lateral column 3 ' is located at outside framed side wallboard or outside, and side wall upper end is additionally provided with top side rail 5 '.
When lateral column 3 ' be located at framed side wallboard outside when, framed side wallboard away from vehicle gauge farther out it is impossible to make full use of vehicle gauge, car Volume is little.And headwall 6 ', side wall 1 ' amount of parts are many, complex structure, manufacture difficulty.
When lateral column 3 ' is located inside framed side wallboard, car body inwall is unsmooth, and vehicle body turning is many, at lateral column 3 ', turning It is susceptible to coal accumulation at position, be susceptible to coal during winter and freeze impact unloading, thus goods through unloading rate is far below interior The car body that wall smooths.
Therefore, how to provide a kind of car body, this car body has the larger volume of ratio, and structural strength is higher, be ability Technical staff's technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily in domain.
Content of the invention
For providing a kind of haulage vehicle and its car body, this car body has the larger volume of ratio to the purpose of the present invention, and structure Intensity is higher.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of car body, and including underframe, side wall and headwall, described side wall sets It is placed in the both sides of described underframe, described headwall is arranged at the forward and backward end of described underframe, described underframe, described side wall and institute State headwall and surround the cavity accommodating material, the body of wall of the body of wall of described side wall and described headwall all includes at least one and has hollow The aluminium section bar wall element of structure, described wall element includes Side fascia and lining, and described Side fascia and described lining enclose Become the hollow structure of described aluminium section bar.
Preferably, the wall element of described side wall is specially the first wall element, the second wall element and the 3rd body of wall list Unit, three is all along described car body longitudinal extension, described first wall element, described second wall element, described 3rd body of wall list Unit is in turn connected to form the body of wall of described side wall from top to bottom, and the bottom of described 3rd wall element is fixedly connected described bottom Frame.
Preferably, the outline circumferential closure of the cross section of described first wall element, and its bottom have for The wing side that described second wall element connects, the outline of the cross section of described second wall element and described 3rd wall element For circumferential closure, and upper and lower both sides have wing side, and adjacent two wall elements are fixed by corresponding both wings edge lap.
Preferably, described first wall element, described second wall element, the lining of described 3rd wall element are Plane, accordingly the inner surface at described wing edge lap cooperation is coplanar with each described lining.
Preferably, the upper end of described first wall element also has and lining and the integrally formed hollow pipe of Side fascia Portion, described hollow pipe portion forms the top side rail of described side wall.
Preferably, the upper end of described first wall element and the top end transverse member being adjacent pass through l type connector and reinforce even Connect.
Preferably, the Side fascia of the described 3rd wall element gradient become with lower end wing side is more than described Side fascia and upper end The gradient formed by wing side.
Preferably, also include at least one first dividing plate, described first dividing plate includes the clapboard body of horizontally set, described The left and right both ends of clapboard body are provided with bending part, and bending part described in two is respectively fixedly connected with the interior of side wall body described in both sides Wall, the bottom of described clapboard body is fixedly connected middle part cross bearer or the central sill of described underframe.
Preferably, also include second partition, positioned at the end of described car body, described second partition include horizontally set every Plate body, the side wall of described clapboard body has bending edges, and the end that described underframe is fixed in the bottom of described clapboard body is big Crossbeam, described bending edges connect the inwall of side wall body described in, and described second partition indulges plane symmetry distribution with regard to center.
Preferably, the wall element of described headwall is specially two end wall elements and at least one middle wall body list Unit, each wall element is the hollow material structural member that the incline direction along described car body along described headwall extends, and is sequentially connected Form the body of wall of described headwall.
Preferably, the outline of the cross section of described middle wall body unit is circumferential closure, and the left and right sides has wing side, Adjacent two middle wall body units are fixed by corresponding both wings edge lap;The outline of the cross section of described end wall element is week To closure, and side has wing side, and opposite side is l type connecting portion, and described end wall element connects described centre by wing side The corresponding wing side of wall element, described l type connecting portion connects top end transverse member or underframe.
Preferably, the lining of the lining of described middle wall body unit and described end wall element is plane, phase Answer the inner surface at described wing edge lap cooperation coplanar with each described lining.
Preferably, the Side fascia of the Side fascia of described middle wall body unit and described end wall element include interior with described The parallel main body of wallboard and the inclined-plane being connected to described main body two ends, described main body is divided described interior by inclined-plane connection described in two Wallboard, described wing side is connected to described inclined-plane and described lining junction.
Preferably, described headwall also includes holding riser and newel post, the exterior wall of the described headwall that each described wall element is formed Plate is supported on described underframe by described end riser and described newel post, and adjacent two overlap joint wing sides are formed with the described inclined-plane of both sides One groove, described headwall is additionally provided with the cushion block with described fit depressions, after described cushion block is placed in described groove, described cushion block Outer surface and described wall element Side fascia flush.
Preferably, form planar structure after the lining of each described wall element connects.
Preferably, it is further provided with multiple companies inside the hollow structure that described lining and described Side fascia are formed Connect the reinforcing plate of described lining and Side fascia.
Preferably, also include the bottom door that is arranged on described underframe, described bottom door adopts aluminum alloy extrusion section bar.
Preferably, each described wall element passes through riveting or is welded to connect.
The headwall and side wall that constitute car body are set to the aluminium section bar of hollow structure by the present invention, while reducing weight, Because hollow structure has the high use rigidity of comparison, so need not increase reinforcement column on Side fascia and lining can meet The use requirement of vehicle.I.e., compared with prior art, eliminate the lateral column being arranged on side wall and headwall herein, using etc. Intensity Design theory, using the aluminium section bar wall element of hollow structure, in the case of obtaining identical use intensity, herein Side wall and headwall have less width, so on the one hand can improve the volume of car body, on the other hand for identical use circle The vehicle of limit, is conducive to optimizing the design of car body.
Present invention also offers a kind of haulage vehicle, including car body, described car body is the car body described in any of the above-described.
Because haulage vehicle provided by the present invention includes above-mentioned car body, therefore this haulage vehicle also has the above-mentioned technology of car body Effect.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the car body of vehicle of prior art;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of car body in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the partial schematic sectional view of car body shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is another partial schematic sectional view of car body shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the longitudinal section of side wall in a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the position view and car body boundary between after side wall installation in a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of headwall in a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the side view of headwall shown in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the a-a sectional view of headwall shown in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of the first dividing plate in a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the installation structure schematic diagram of second partition in a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention.
In Fig. 1, the one-to-one relationship between component names and reference is as follows:
Side wall body 1 ', underframe 2 ', lateral column 3 ', bottom door 4 ', top side rail 5 ', headwall 6 '.
In Fig. 2-Figure 11, the one-to-one relationship between component names and reference is as follows:
Side wall 1, the first wall element 11, lining 111,121, Side fascia 112,122, wing side 113,123, hollow pipe portion 114th, the second wall element 12, the 3rd wall element 13, headwall 2, end wall element 21, lining 211, Side fascia 212, folding Crimp 214, middle wall body unit 22, lining 221, body 2221, inclined-plane 2222, underframe 3, top end transverse member 4, bottom door 5, end riser 7th, cushion block 8, the first dividing plate 9, clapboard body 91, bending part 92, second partition 10, clapboard body 10-1, bending edges 10-2, reinforcement Muscle 14, newel post 25, middle part cross bearer 31, end cross bearer 32.
Specific embodiment
For providing a kind of haulage vehicle and its car body, this car body has the larger volume of ratio to the core of the present invention, and structure Intensity is higher.
So that car body is in the application in coal hopper car as a example introduce technical scheme herein, those skilled in that art should manage Solution, car body provided in this article is applied in other haulage vehicles also in the protection domain of this paper.
In order that those skilled in the art more fully understands technical scheme, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specifically real The present invention is described in further detail to apply example.
Refer to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is the structural representation of car body in a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention.
The invention provides a kind of car body, including underframe 3, side wall 1 and headwall 2, side wall 1 is arranged at the both sides of underframe 3, end Wall 2 is arranged at the forward and backward end of underframe 3, and underframe 3, side wall 1 and headwall 2 surround the cavity accommodating material, typically in order to strengthen The use intensity of underframe 3, underframe 3 is additionally provided with the parts such as some sleeper beams, cross bearer, needle beam, central sill, and central sill is generally and becomes Section box welding structure;Sleeper beam is using double web plate box group welding structures of just end face;Cross bearer is by cover plate and l shape angle steel etc. Group weldering forms.For coal hopper car, underframe 3 is further opened with bottom door 5, can be by cavity by opening bottom door 5 Material draws off, and bottom door 5 adopts aluminum alloy extrusion section bar., as the primary load bearing structure of the various load of car body, it is main for underframe 3 Component adopts steel material to strengthen car body foundation, to improve margin of safety.Certainly, underframe 3 can with the position of coal contact position With using lightweight materials such as aluminium alloy or rustless steels.
In car body provided by the present invention, the body of wall of the body of wall of side wall 1 and headwall 2 all includes at least one and has hollow knot The aluminium section bar wall element of structure, wall element includes Side fascia and lining, and Side fascia and lining surround hollow structure, exterior wall Thickness between plate and lining can be according to the carrying situation of vehicle and being determined using boundary of vehicle, body of wall Unit can be the aluminium section bar with hollow structure by extrusion molding, and the thickness between general lining and Side fascia is big Cause to meet demand for 3mm-6mm, it is of course also possible to be other alloy in lightweight.
The headwall 2 and side wall 1 that constitute car body are set to the aluminium section bar of hollow structure by the present invention, are reducing the same of weight When, because hollow structure has the high use rigidity of comparison, reinforcement column so need not be increased on Side fascia and lining Meet the use requirement of vehicle.I.e., compared with prior art, eliminate the lateral column being arranged on side wall 1 and headwall 2 herein, Using uniform strength design theory, using the aluminium section bar wall element of hollow structure, in the case of obtaining identical use intensity, this Side wall 1 in literary composition and headwall 2 have less width, so on the one hand can improve the volume of car body, on the other hand for phase With the vehicle using boundary, be conducive to optimizing the design of car body.
In a kind of specific embodiment, the wall element of side wall 1 is specially the first wall element 11, the second wall element 12 With the 3rd wall element 13, three is the hollow material structural member along car body longitudinal extension, it should be noted that institute herein The longitudinal direction of the car body stated refers to the length direction of car body.
Wherein, the first wall element 11, the second wall element 12, the 3rd wall element 13 are in turn connected to form from top to bottom The body of wall of side wall 1, the bottom of the 3rd wall element 13 is fixedly connected underframe 3, is connected to the first wall element 11 and the 3rd wall The quantity of the second wall element 12 between body unit 13 can be arranged according to the height of side wall 1, can for 1 or Multiple, the height of wall element can determine according to actually used situation.In a kind of specific embodiment, the cross section of aluminium section bar Width can be 30mm-50mm, and each wall element can be connected in one by modes such as welding, rivetings.
In present embodiment, side wall 1 is designed as split-type structural, and split-type structural not only facilitates dismounting and the installation of body of wall, And advantageously reduce processing technique.
For the first wall element 11, the second wall element 12, the 3rd wall element 13 concrete structure can be by multiple Mode, following present several preferred embodiment, be specifically described as follows described.
In a kind of specific embodiment, the outline circumferential closure of the cross section of the first wall element 11, and under it End has the wing side for being connected with the second wall element 12, and in figure has marked the wing side 113 of the first wall element, the second wall The wing side 123 of body unit.The outline of the cross section of the second wall element 12 and the 3rd wall element 13 is circumferential closure, and on Lower both sides have wing side, and adjacent two wall elements are fixed by corresponding both wings edge lap.
In this embodiment, the first wall element 11, the second wall element 12, the cross section of the 3rd wall element 13 are Circumferential closure, can increase it to a certain extent using rigidity.In addition, it is adjacent solid by the wing edge lap on both sides between the two Fixed, both are easier when fixing to operate, and fixed form is fairly simple, reliable.
The first wall element 11 in the various embodiments described above, the second wall element 12, the lining of the 3rd wall element 13 Plane can be that is to say, that the lining 111 of the first wall element 11, the lining 121 of the second wall element 12, The lining of three wall elements 13 is plane, and the inner surface at corresponding wing edge lap cooperation is coplanar with each lining.
So, the side wall being formed after the first wall element 11, the second wall element 12, the 3rd wall element 13 are fixedly connected The 1 generally planar structure of lining, car body inwall is unsmooth, and vehicle body no turning is many it is not easy to generation coal accumulates, and carries High goods through unloading rate.
Usually, the upper end of curb girder is typically provided with top side rail, following present the generation type of top side rail.
The upper end of the first wall element 11 also has and lining 111 and the integrally formed hollow pipe portion of Side fascia 112 114, hollow pipe portion 114 forms the top side rail of described side wall 1.It is also provided with reinforcement 14 inside hollow pipe portion 114.
In order to strengthen, the upper end of the first wall element 11 and the top end transverse member 4 being adjacent pass through l type connector and reinforce even Connect, many places l type connector can be set, that is, be arranged at the upper surface of hollow pipe portion 114 and the upper surface of top end transverse member 4, hollow pipe Between the side wall of portion 114 and top end transverse member 4.
Usually, the lower width of vehicle boundary l is smaller compared with upper width, and the parts phase arranged on underframe 3 Contrast is more, therefore can be designed the 3rd wall element 13 as follows.
In a preferred embodiment, outside the Side fascia of the 3rd wall element 13 gradient become with lower end wing side is more than The wallboard gradient become with upper end wing side.So, the 3rd wall element 13 and the link position of underframe 3 have larger space, are easy to Both connections, and be conducive to meeting the requirement of vehicle boundary l.
In order to strengthen the coupling stiffness between both walls, car body also includes at least one first dividing plate 9, and the first dividing plate 9 wraps Include the clapboard body 91 of horizontally set, the left and right both ends of clapboard body 91 are provided with bending part 92, two bending parts 92 are solid respectively Surely connect the inwall of both sides side wall body, the bottom of clapboard body 91 is fixedly connected middle part cross bearer 31 or the central sill of underframe.In order to The middle part of mitigation weight clapboard body can also offer opening and other kinds of hole upwards.The setting number of the first dividing plate Amount can be two groups, correspond to two middle part cross bearers 31 respectively and install.
Further, car body also includes second partition 10, and positioned at the end of car body, second partition 10 includes horizontally set Clapboard body 10-1, the side wall of clapboard body 10-1 has bending edges 10-2, and underframe is fixed in the bottom of clapboard body 10-1 End cross bearer 32, bending edges 102 connect the inwall of side body of wall, and second partition 10 indulges plane symmetry distribution with regard to center.
The material of the first dividing plate 9 and second partition 10 can be aluminium alloy or rustless steel.
In the various embodiments described above, the wall element of headwall 2 be specifically as follows two end wall elements 21 and at least one Middle wall body unit 22, two end wall elements 21 are located at the top and bottom of each middle wall body unit 22, each body of wall respectively Unit is the hollow aluminium profile structure part that the incline direction along car body along headwall 2 extends, and is in turn connected to form the wall of headwall 2 Body.
In a kind of concrete structure, the outline of the cross section of middle wall body unit 22 is circumferential closure, and the left and right sides There is wing side, adjacent two middle wall body units 22 are fixed by corresponding both wings edge lap;The upper end of upper end wall element 21 It is provided with l type connecting portion and connects top end transverse member 4, the bottom of bottom body of wall can connect underframe 3 by underframe 3 connecting plate.Certainly, The lining of each wall element can form planar structure after connecting.Company between the more convenient each wall element of this set-up mode Connect.
Specifically, the lining of the lining of middle wall body unit 22 and end wall element 21 is plane, the corresponding wing Inner surface at edge lap cooperation is coplanar with each lining.
Specifically, there is shown herein a kind of concrete structure of middle wall body unit 22.The Side fascia of middle wall body unit 22 222 inclined-planes 2222 including the main body 2221 parallel with lining 221 and being connected to main body 2221 two ends, 2221 points of main body is led to Cross two inclined-plane 2222 and connect lining 221, wing side is connected to inclined-plane 2222 and lining 221 junction that is to say, that lining The substantially trapezoidal shape structure with the cross section that Side fascia surrounds.Can also be by setting above with the Side fascia 212 of end wall element 21 Meter.
In order to increase the safety in utilization of headwall 2, headwall 2 can also include end riser 7 and newel post 25, each wall element shape The Side fascia of the headwall 2 becoming passes through to hold riser 7 and newel post 25 to be supported on underframe 3, the inclined-plane of adjacent two overlap joint wing sides and both sides Form a groove, headwall 2 is additionally provided with the cushion block 8 with fit depressions, after cushion block 8 is placed in groove, the outer surface of cushion block 8 and wall The Side fascia flush of body unit.
In the various embodiments described above, inside the hollow structure that lining and Side fascia are formed, it is further provided with multiple companies Connect the reinforcing plate of lining and Side fascia.Strengthening version can vertically lining and Side fascia or diagonal brace.
Additionally, present invention also offers a kind of haulage vehicle, including car body, this car body is any of the above-described described embodiment institute The car body stated.
Above a kind of haulage vehicle provided by the present invention and its car body are described in detail.Tool used herein Body example is set forth to the principle of the present invention and embodiment, and the explanation of above example is only intended to help and understands this Bright method and its core concept.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, without departing from the present invention On the premise of principle, the present invention can also be carried out with some improvement and modify, these improve and modification also falls into right of the present invention In the protection domain requiring.

Claims (17)

1. a kind of car body, including underframe, side wall and headwall, described side wall is arranged at the both sides of described underframe, described headwall setting In the forward and backward end of described underframe, described underframe, described side wall and described headwall surround the cavity accommodating material, its feature It is, the body of wall of the body of wall of described side wall and described headwall all includes the aluminium section bar body of wall list that at least one has hollow structure Unit, described wall element includes Side fascia and lining, and described Side fascia and described lining surround described hollow structure;
The wall element of described side wall is specially the first wall element, the second wall element and the 3rd wall element, the equal edge of three Described car body longitudinal extension, described first wall element, described second wall element, described 3rd wall element from top to bottom according to The secondary body of wall connecting the described side wall of formation, the bottom of described 3rd wall element is fixedly connected described underframe;
The outline circumferential closure of the cross section of described first wall element, and its bottom have for described second body of wall The wing side that unit connects, the outline of the cross section of described second wall element and described 3rd wall element is circumferential closure, And both sides have wing side up and down, adjacent two wall elements are fixed by corresponding both wings edge lap.
2. car body as claimed in claim 1 is it is characterised in that described first wall element, described second wall element, described The lining of the 3rd wall element is plane, and accordingly the inner surface at described wing edge lap cooperation is common with each described lining Face.
3. car body as claimed in claim 1 is it is characterised in that the upper end of described first wall element also has and lining With Side fascia integrally formed hollow pipe portion, described hollow pipe portion forms the top side rail of described side wall.
4. car body as claimed in claim 3 is it is characterised in that the upper end of described first wall element is upper be adjacent End carriage passes through l type connector and reinforces connection.
5. car body as claimed in claim 1 is it is characterised in that the Side fascia of described 3rd wall element is become with lower end wing side The gradient is more than described Side fascia and the gradient formed by the wing side of upper end.
6. the car body as described in any one of claim 2 to 5 is it is characterised in that also include at least one first dividing plate, and described One dividing plate includes the clapboard body of horizontally set, and the left and right both ends of described clapboard body are provided with bending part, bending described in two Portion is respectively fixedly connected with the inwall of side wall described in both sides, and the middle part that the bottom of described clapboard body is fixedly connected described underframe is horizontal greatly Beam or central sill.
7. car body as claimed in claim 6 is it is characterised in that also including second partition, positioned at the end of described car body, described Second partition includes the clapboard body of horizontally set, and the side wall of described clapboard body has bending edges, the bottom of described clapboard body The end cross bearer of described underframe is fixed in portion, and described bending edges connect the inwall of side wall described in, described second partition with regard to Plane symmetry distribution is indulged at center.
8. the car body as described in any one of claim 1 to 5 is it is characterised in that the wall element of described headwall is specially two End wall element and at least one middle wall body unit, each wall element is along along the incline direction extension of described headwall Casement material structural member, is in turn connected to form the body of wall of described headwall.
9. car body as claimed in claim 8 is it is characterised in that the outline of the cross section of described middle wall body unit is circumference Closure, and the left and right sides has wing side, adjacent two middle wall body units are fixed by corresponding both wings edge lap;Described end body of wall The outline of the cross section of unit is circumferential closure, and side has wing side, and opposite side is l type connecting portion, described end body of wall Unit passes through the wing when connecting the corresponding wing of described middle wall body unit, and described l type connecting portion connects top end transverse member or underframe.
10. car body as claimed in claim 8 is it is characterised in that the lining of described middle wall body unit and described end wall The lining of body unit is plane, and accordingly the inner surface at described wing edge lap cooperation is coplanar with each described lining.
11. car bodies as claimed in claim 9 are it is characterised in that the Side fascia of described middle wall body unit and described end wall The inclined-plane that the Side fascia of body unit includes the main body parallel with described lining and is connected to described main body two ends, described main body Pass through inclined-plane described in two respectively and connect described lining, described wing side is connected to described inclined-plane and described lining junction.
12. car bodies as claimed in claim 11 are it is characterised in that described headwall also includes holding riser and newel post, each described wall The Side fascia of the described headwall that body unit is formed is supported on described underframe by described end riser and described newel post, and adjacent two take The described inclined-plane connecing wing side with both sides forms a groove, and described headwall is additionally provided with the cushion block with described fit depressions, described After cushion block is placed in described groove, the Side fascia flush of the outer surface of described cushion block and described wall element.
13. car bodies as claimed in claim 1 are it is characterised in that the lining of each described wall element forms plane after connecting Structure.
14. car bodies as claimed in claim 1 are it is characterised in that the hollow being formed in described lining and described Side fascia is tied It is further provided with multiple reinforcing plates connecting described lining and Side fascia inside structure.
15. car bodies as claimed in claim 1 are it is characterised in that also include the bottom door being arranged on described underframe, described bottom door Using aluminum alloy extrusion section bar.
16. car bodies as claimed in claim 1 are it is characterised in that each described wall element passes through riveting or is welded to connect.
A kind of 17. haulage vehicles, including car body it is characterised in that described car body is the car described in any one of claim 1 to 16 Body.
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CN201777253U (en) * 2010-05-19 2011-03-30 南车长江车辆有限公司 Wagon body of hopper wagon for railroad transportation
JP2012006466A (en) * 2010-06-24 2012-01-12 Hitachi Ltd Railroad vehicle structure and method for manufacturing the same
CN204136994U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-04 齐齐哈尔轨道交通装备有限责任公司 A kind of transport vehicle and car body thereof

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