CN104222504A - Waste vegetable leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof - Google Patents

Waste vegetable leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104222504A
CN104222504A CN201410470931.8A CN201410470931A CN104222504A CN 104222504 A CN104222504 A CN 104222504A CN 201410470931 A CN201410470931 A CN 201410470931A CN 104222504 A CN104222504 A CN 104222504A
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China
Prior art keywords
dish leaf
useless
useless dish
fermented feed
processing method
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Pending
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CN201410470931.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程杰
钟东升
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TONGHAI YUANYANG BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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TONGHAI YUANYANG BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410470931.8A priority Critical patent/CN104222504A/en
Publication of CN104222504A publication Critical patent/CN104222504A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a waste vegetable leaf fermented feed which comprises the following components: waste vegetable leaves, corn flour, soybean meal, talcum powder, probiotics community and beneficial bacterial community. A processing method of the waste vegetable leaf fermented feed comprises the following steps: (1) processing waste vegetable leaves; (2) vacuum dewatering; (3) mixing the materials by a mixing machine; (4) standing for fermentation; (5) removing water for the second time in a dewatering bin; and (6) packaging and leaving the factory. Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, water generated in processing of the waste vegetable leaves is sufficiently recycled, water pumped from a vacuum dewatering bin is clean, so that no pollution is caused to the environment; and waste water generated during smashing of the waste vegetable leaves is recycled, so that effective nutritional ingredients of the waste vegetable leaves are reserved to the maximum.

Description

Useless dish leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to waste vegetable leaves recovery and utilization technology field, relate to a kind of useless dish leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof.
Background technology
In a lot of large-area growing vegetables place of production, there is a large amount of vegetables leaf that gives up to be dropped, not only cause a large amount of wastes of resource, also great pollution is caused to environment.Because the value of waste vegetable leaves is lower, be difficult to the attention causing people, therefore in the recycling of waste vegetable leaves, the application technology of appearance is little.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed in prior art, lack and waste vegetable leaves is recycled the problem doing animal feed raw material technology, there is provided a kind of useless dish leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof, this feed mainly comprises the composition of following weight portion: useless dish leaf 70-90 part, corn flour 5-15 Fen ﹑ Soybean Meal 5-15 part, talcum powder 3-8 part, beneficial flora 1-1.5 part, profitable strain 0.5-1 part.
Above-mentioned useless dish leaf fermented feed, its processing method comprises the following steps:
(1) discarded dish leaf process:
By the foreign material sorting cleaning in useless dish leaf, totally to be given up dish leaf 70-90 part, useless dish leaf being delivered to screen pack diameter with conveyer belt is that the one-level pulverizer of 15mm carries out coarse crushing, useless dish leaf being delivered to screen pack diameter with spiral conveying tube again, to carry out fine powder at the secondary breaker of below 6mm broken, the useless dish leaf broken through fine powder is put on water squeezing band, squeeze out the moisture in useless dish leaf, make water content in useless dish leaf drop to 60%-70%;
(2) will give up in dish leaf feeding vaccum dewatering storehouse with conveyer belt, after appropriate charging, sealed vacuum is except sump, temperature in vaccum dewatering storehouse is controlled between 60 DEG C to 70 DEG C, vacuumizes and make water content in useless dish leaf drop to 30%;
(3) the useless dish leaf taking-up in vaccum dewatering storehouse is delivered in mixer, corn flour 5-15 Fen ﹑ Soybean Meal 5-15 Fen ﹑ talcum powder 2-6 part, profitable strain 1-1.5 part, add in mixer, Water circulation step (1) extruded while stirring is in mixer;
(4) compound stirred is put into container to close, leave standstill and ferment;
(5) in compound, again put into talcum powder 1-2 part, beneficial bacterium 0.5-1 part after 3 days, then compound is sent into secondary removal moisture content in vaccum dewatering storehouse, control moisture below 15%;
(6) remove the compound of moisture content to secondary to pack, obtain finished product and to give up dish leaf fermented feed
In said method: beneficial flora gathers the female bacterium ﹑ of the sour bacterium ﹑ tooth spore bar bacterium ﹑ ferment of sugared enzyme ﹑ breast by wood and is made up of the mixing of Ji Tong ﹑ Portugal grape sugar ﹑ element Organic Iron; Beneficial flora is mixed by Mu Ju Tang Mei ﹑ Ru Suan Jun ﹑ Ya spore Gan Jun ﹑ saccharomycete and forms.In (4) step, the standing for fermentation time is: when environment temperature is between 15-45 DEG C, stores 3 days, and environment temperature stores 4-7 days at 0-15 DEG C, and environment temperature stores 20-25 days below 0 DEG C.
Adopt technique scheme, the water that useless dish leaf produces in process is recycled fully, and the water extracted out from vaccum dewatering storehouse is comparatively clean clean, can not to environment; Because the waste water produced when pulverizing dish leaf is by reuse, effective nutritional labeling of dish leaf is retained to a greater extent, the feed formula of the present invention's development is compared with other feeds, hydrolysis amino acid summation > 8%, crude protein > 9, crude fat > 2, crude fibre ﹤ 20, moisture content ﹤ 15%, coarse ash ﹤ 20, energy > 1000KJ/100 kilogram.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1, a kind of useless dish leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof, this feed mainly comprises the composition of following weight portion: useless 70 parts, dish leaf, corn flour 5 Fen ﹑ Soybean Meal 5 parts, talcum powder 3 parts, beneficial flora 1 part, profitable strain 0.5 part.
Above-mentioned useless dish leaf fermented feed, its processing method comprises the following steps:
(1) discarded dish leaf process:
By the foreign material sorting cleaning in useless dish leaf, totally given up 70 parts, dish leaf, useless dish leaf being delivered to screen pack diameter with conveyer belt is that the one-level pulverizer of 15mm carries out coarse crushing, useless dish leaf being delivered to screen pack diameter with spiral conveying tube again, to carry out fine powder at the secondary breaker of below 6mm broken, the useless dish leaf broken through fine powder is put on water squeezing band, squeeze out the moisture in useless dish leaf, make water content in useless dish leaf drop to 60%%;
(2) will give up in dish leaf feeding vaccum dewatering storehouse with conveyer belt, after appropriate charging, sealed vacuum is except sump, controls between 60 DEG C, vacuumize temperature in vaccum dewatering storehouse and make water content in useless dish leaf drop to 30%;
(3) taken out by the useless dish leaf in vaccum dewatering storehouse and deliver in mixer, corn flour 5 Fen ﹑ Soybean Meal 5 Fen ﹑ talcum powder 2 parts, profitable strain 1 part, add in mixer, Water circulation step (1) extruded while stirring is in mixer;
(4) compound stirred is put into container to close, leave standstill and ferment;
(5) in compound, again put into talcum powder 1 part, beneficial bacterium 0.5 part after 3 days, then compound is sent into secondary removal moisture content in vaccum dewatering storehouse, control moisture below 15%;
(6) remove the compound of moisture content to secondary to pack, obtain finished product and to give up dish leaf fermented feed
In said method: beneficial flora gathers the female bacterium ﹑ of the sour bacterium ﹑ tooth spore bar bacterium ﹑ ferment of sugared enzyme ﹑ breast by wood and is made up of the mixing of Ji Tong ﹑ Portugal grape sugar ﹑ element Organic Iron; Beneficial flora is mixed by Mu Ju Tang Mei ﹑ Ru Suan Jun ﹑ Ya spore Gan Jun ﹑ saccharomycete and forms.In (4) step, the standing for fermentation time is: when environment temperature is between 15 DEG C, stores 3 days, and environment temperature stores 4 days at 0 DEG C, and environment temperature stores 20 days below 0 DEG C.
Embodiment 2: a kind of useless dish leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof, this feed mainly comprises the composition of following weight portion: useless 790 parts, dish leaf, corn flour 515 Fen ﹑ Soybean Meal 515 parts, talcum powder 8 parts, beneficial flora 1.5 parts, profitable strain 1 part.
Above-mentioned useless dish leaf fermented feed, its processing method comprises the following steps:
(1) discarded dish leaf process:
By the foreign material sorting cleaning in useless dish leaf, totally given up 90 parts, dish leaf, useless dish leaf being delivered to screen pack diameter with conveyer belt is that the one-level pulverizer of 15mm carries out coarse crushing, useless dish leaf being delivered to screen pack diameter with spiral conveying tube again, to carry out fine powder at the secondary breaker of below 6mm broken, the useless dish leaf broken through fine powder is put on water squeezing band, squeeze out the moisture in useless dish leaf, make water content in useless dish leaf drop to 70%;
(2) will give up in dish leaf feeding vaccum dewatering storehouse with conveyer belt, after appropriate charging, sealed vacuum is except sump, controls between 70 DEG C, vacuumize temperature in vaccum dewatering storehouse and make water content in useless dish leaf drop to 30%;
(3) taken out by the useless dish leaf in vaccum dewatering storehouse and deliver in mixer, corn flour 15 Fen ﹑ Soybean Meal 15 Fen ﹑ talcum powder 6 parts, profitable strain 1.5 parts, add in mixer, Water circulation step (1) extruded while stirring is in mixer;
(4) compound stirred is put into container to close, leave standstill and ferment;
(5) in compound, again put into talcum powder 2 parts, beneficial bacterium 1 part after 3 days, then compound is sent into secondary removal moisture content in vaccum dewatering storehouse, control moisture below 15%;
(6) remove the compound of moisture content to secondary to pack, obtain finished product and to give up dish leaf fermented feed
In said method: beneficial flora gathers the female bacterium ﹑ of the sour bacterium ﹑ tooth spore bar bacterium ﹑ ferment of sugared enzyme ﹑ breast by wood and is made up of the mixing of Ji Tong ﹑ Portugal grape sugar ﹑ element Organic Iron; Beneficial flora is mixed by Mu Ju Tang Mei ﹑ Ru Suan Jun ﹑ Ya spore Gan Jun ﹑ saccharomycete and forms.In (4) step, the standing for fermentation time is: when environment temperature is between 45 DEG C, stores 3 days, and environment temperature stores 7 days at 15 DEG C, and environment temperature stores 25 days below 0 DEG C.

Claims (4)

1. useless dish leaf fermented feed, it is characterized in that, this feed mainly comprises the composition of following weight portion: useless dish leaf 70-90 part, corn flour 5-15 Fen ﹑ Soybean Meal 5-15 part, talcum powder 3-8 part, beneficial flora 1-1.5 part, profitable strain 0.5-1 part.
2. useless dish leaf fermented feed processing method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the processing method of this feed comprises the following steps:
(1) discarded dish leaf process:
By the foreign material sorting cleaning in useless dish leaf, totally to be given up dish leaf 70-90 part, useless dish leaf being delivered to screen pack diameter with conveyer belt is that the one-level pulverizer of 15mm carries out coarse crushing, useless dish leaf being delivered to screen pack diameter with spiral conveying tube again, to carry out fine powder at the secondary breaker of below 6mm broken, the useless dish leaf broken through fine powder is put on water squeezing band, squeeze out the moisture in useless dish leaf, make water content in useless dish leaf drop to 60%-70%;
(2) will give up in dish leaf feeding vaccum dewatering storehouse with conveyer belt, after appropriate charging, sealed vacuum is except sump, temperature in vaccum dewatering storehouse is controlled between 60 DEG C to 70 DEG C, vacuumizes and make water content in useless dish leaf drop to 30%;
(3) the useless dish leaf taking-up in vaccum dewatering storehouse is delivered in mixer, corn flour 5-15 Fen ﹑ Soybean Meal 5-15 Fen ﹑ talcum powder 2-6 part, profitable strain 1-1.5 part, add in mixer, Water circulation step (1) extruded while stirring is in mixer;
(4) compound stirred is put into container to close, leave standstill and ferment;
(5) in compound, again put into talcum powder 1-2 part, beneficial bacterium 0.5-1 part after 3 days, then compound is sent into secondary removal moisture content in vaccum dewatering storehouse, control moisture below 15%;
(6) remove the compound of moisture content to secondary to pack, obtain finished product and to give up dish leaf fermented feed.
3. useless dish leaf fermented feed processing method as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, beneficial flora gathers the female bacterium ﹑ of the sour bacterium ﹑ tooth spore bar bacterium ﹑ ferment of sugared enzyme ﹑ breast by wood and is made up of Ji Tong ﹑ Portugal grape sugar ﹑ element Organic Iron; Beneficial flora is made up of Mu Ju Tang Mei ﹑ Ru Suan Jun ﹑ Ya spore Gan Jun ﹑ saccharomycete.
4. useless dish leaf fermented feed processing method as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, in (4) step, the standing for fermentation time is: when environment temperature is between 15-45 DEG C, stores 3 days, environment temperature stores 4-7 days at 0-15 DEG C, and environment temperature stores 20-25 days below 0 DEG C.
CN201410470931.8A 2014-09-16 2014-09-16 Waste vegetable leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof Pending CN104222504A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410470931.8A CN104222504A (en) 2014-09-16 2014-09-16 Waste vegetable leaf fermented feed and processing method thereof

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105130520A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 李而宏 Treatment method and equipment for vegetable and fruit waste
CN105231007A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-13 李霞 Biological feed
CN105231014A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-13 李霞 Microbiological feed
CN106721050A (en) * 2016-12-11 2017-05-31 钱树青 A kind of method that utilization waste vegetable leaves produce ensilage
CN107373034A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-24 广西贵港市宏利生物能源科技有限公司 Using waste vegetable leaves as raw material production chicken, the method for duck feed
CN107455578A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-12 广西贵港市宏利生物能源科技有限公司 The method that cattle and sheep ensilage is produced using waste vegetable leaves as raw material

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1698457A (en) * 2005-05-27 2005-11-23 湖南农业大学 Production method of biotic straw feedstuff
CN101401616A (en) * 2008-11-12 2009-04-08 北京阔利达生物技术开发有限公司 Fermented abandoned vegetable feedstuff and preparation method thereof
CN101558819A (en) * 2009-05-25 2009-10-21 姜志德 Biological feed produced by fermenting waste residues of fruits and vegetables and production method thereof
CN101946872A (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-01-19 广西皇氏甲天下乳业股份有限公司 Silage EM (Effective Microorganisms) microbial agent added with enzyme and trace elements and preparation method thereof
CN102172260A (en) * 2011-03-11 2011-09-07 通海县福慧科技有限公司 Recycling production process of discarded vegetable leaves
CN102318728A (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-01-18 宜章县梅田镇石子岭综合养殖场 Feed adopting bean dregs as raw material and being fermented by floor heat and preparation method thereof
CN103688906A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-04-02 中国水利水电科学研究院 Method for ecologically recycling rural household wastes and breeding wastes
CN103844002A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-06-11 金乡县大蒜研究所 Preparation method of whole garlic straw silage
CN103907748A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-09 烟台金富基生物科技有限公司 Method for preparing multi-nutrient biological peptide

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1698457A (en) * 2005-05-27 2005-11-23 湖南农业大学 Production method of biotic straw feedstuff
CN101401616A (en) * 2008-11-12 2009-04-08 北京阔利达生物技术开发有限公司 Fermented abandoned vegetable feedstuff and preparation method thereof
CN101558819A (en) * 2009-05-25 2009-10-21 姜志德 Biological feed produced by fermenting waste residues of fruits and vegetables and production method thereof
CN101946872A (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-01-19 广西皇氏甲天下乳业股份有限公司 Silage EM (Effective Microorganisms) microbial agent added with enzyme and trace elements and preparation method thereof
CN102172260A (en) * 2011-03-11 2011-09-07 通海县福慧科技有限公司 Recycling production process of discarded vegetable leaves
CN102318728A (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-01-18 宜章县梅田镇石子岭综合养殖场 Feed adopting bean dregs as raw material and being fermented by floor heat and preparation method thereof
CN103688906A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-04-02 中国水利水电科学研究院 Method for ecologically recycling rural household wastes and breeding wastes
CN103844002A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-06-11 金乡县大蒜研究所 Preparation method of whole garlic straw silage
CN103907748A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-09 烟台金富基生物科技有限公司 Method for preparing multi-nutrient biological peptide

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105130520A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 李而宏 Treatment method and equipment for vegetable and fruit waste
CN105130520B (en) * 2015-09-02 2018-11-06 李而宏 The processing method and equipment of vegetables and fruit waste
CN105231007A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-13 李霞 Biological feed
CN105231014A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-13 李霞 Microbiological feed
CN106721050A (en) * 2016-12-11 2017-05-31 钱树青 A kind of method that utilization waste vegetable leaves produce ensilage
CN107373034A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-24 广西贵港市宏利生物能源科技有限公司 Using waste vegetable leaves as raw material production chicken, the method for duck feed
CN107455578A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-12 广西贵港市宏利生物能源科技有限公司 The method that cattle and sheep ensilage is produced using waste vegetable leaves as raw material

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