CN104218876A - Solar light-heat separator and power generation mechanism using light-heat separator - Google Patents

Solar light-heat separator and power generation mechanism using light-heat separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104218876A
CN104218876A CN201310210415.7A CN201310210415A CN104218876A CN 104218876 A CN104218876 A CN 104218876A CN 201310210415 A CN201310210415 A CN 201310210415A CN 104218876 A CN104218876 A CN 104218876A
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China
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heat
light
solar energy
solar
separator
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CN201310210415.7A
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CN104218876B (en
Inventor
王钦戊
王子洋
王育涵
郑瑞祥
叶帝均
杨志伟
吴季翰
林柏凯
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王钦戊
王子洋
王育涵
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a solar light-heat separator. A light-transmitting carrier is combined with a light-transmitting plate; a heat storage space is formed between the light-transmitting carrier and the light-transmitting plate; and aerogel coats the light-transmitting carrier and is positioned on the bottom surface and the peripheral side faces of the heat storage space. After solar energy comprising sunlight and solar heat passes through the light-transmitting plate, the solar heat is kept in the heat storage space through blockage of the aerogel, and the sunlight can penetrate through the aerogel and the light-transmitting plate. Furthermore, a thermoelectric conversion module is combined with the heat storage space to perform thermoelectric conversion, and a photoelectric conversion module is arranged on a light path on which the sunlight penetrates through the solar light-heat separator to perform photoelectric conversion. Through adoption of the solar light-heat separator, the effect of effectively separating the sunlight and the solar heat can be achieved, the photoelectric conversion module has high conversion efficiency, and meanwhile the solar energy can be applied as energy of a wider wavelength.

Description

The power facility of solar energy heat separator and use photo-thermal separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar energy application technology field, particularly can be separated the solar heat of solar energy and the photo-thermal separator of sunlight, and the power facility of application photo-thermal separator.
Background technology
Natural energy resources or the renewable energy resources mainly comprise solar energy, heat energy, wind power energy, raw mass-energy, tidal energy and vibrational energy etc., and wherein solar energy is that people want one of energy utilized most always.Account for 58% in solar energy medium ultraviolet light and visible ray and in order to provide luminous energy, and infrared ray accounts for 42% in order to provide heat energy.
The utilization field of solar energy comprises opto-electronic conversion and heating.Carry out with solar energy the wave band that opto-electronic conversion mainly utilizes ultraviolet light and visible ray, and light-focusing type solar cell technology can be adopted to improve photoelectric conversion efficiency.But also can assemble more solar heat while adopting light condensing technology, this solar heat will cause solar battery apparatus temperature too high and photoelectric conversion efficiency is deteriorated.
For TaiWan, China patent M436814, it discloses a kind of solar-assisted heat pump system integrating light-focusing type solar photoelectric heat energy and thermoelectric generation module, before this patent, case uses light-focusing type solar photoelectric heat energy module to carry out opto-electronic conversion to sunlight, finally exports electric energy; Thermoelectricity conversion is carried out in the bottom surface being arranged in aforementioned light-focusing type solar photoelectric heat energy module with a thermoelectric generation module (TEG module) again; In addition an electric storage device and light-focusing type solar photoelectric heat energy module, thermoelectric generation module is used to be electrically connected, to carry out electrical power storage.
That direct irradiation is in light-focusing type solar photoelectric heat energy module by the known solar energy of the structural configuration before this patent disclosed by case, therefore when solar photoelectric heat energy module carries out opto-electronic conversion, solar heat is heated to solar photoelectric heat energy module simultaneously, and then will the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar photoelectric heat energy module be caused to be deteriorated.
TaiWan, China patent M426140 discloses a kind of photo-thermal double-effect power generator, and be a socket portion plate body designing a concave shape, the bottom surface centre of this socket portion configures light diffusion component, such as concavees lens.The outer surface of this external socket portion is provided with thermoelectricity translation building block, and below light diffusion component, place is provided with photoelectric conversion member.When solar energy is directed to this plate body, solar heat can make the temperature of socket portion raise, and then makes thermoelectricity translation building block carry out thermoelectricity conversion; The sunlight of part can arrive photoelectric conversion member through light diffusion component and carry out opto-electronic conversion.
Although above-mentioned patent first carries out thermoelectricity conversion with solar heat, the solar energy through light diffusion component still contains solar heat, and therefore photoelectric conversion member still can be heated and raised temperature, and then photoelectric conversion efficiency is deteriorated.
Chinese patent 201120474495.3 discloses a kind of photo-thermal separator.This photo-thermal separator, for having optically coated cube, is particularly combined into cube with two right angle prisms.This photo-thermal separator utilizes different optical coatings to be separated visible ray and infrared light, and then reaches photo-thermal separation.
Chinese patent 201120474669.6 discloses a kind of solar light-heat power-generation assembly, and its utilization has the photo-thermal separator that optically coated two right angle prisms are combined into cubic form.Configure a solar panel at photo-thermal separator surface and receive the visible ray that appears to carry out opto-electronic conversion.Photo-thermal separator surface configures a solar heat-collection plate and carries out thermoelectricity conversion to receive infrared light again.
Must plate infrared reflection film between two prisms disclosed by above-mentioned patent, and could be separated visible ray and infrared light at a rib three mirror plated surface last layer high transmittance film, the cube that two prisms form in addition has larger height and long-pending body.
Summary of the invention
An object of the present invention is to provide a kind of solar energy heat separator, and it has the effect that the sunlight of solar energy can be separated with solar heat.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of electrogenesis mechanism using solar energy heat separator, its have further the sunlight be separated and solar heat are carried out separately opto-electronic conversion and thermoelectricity conversion, by this improve solar energy turn electricity efficiency.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme:
The present invention discloses a kind of solar energy heat separator, its be a light-transparent carrier in conjunction with a light-passing board, more have air glue to be coated on this light-transparent carrier, so can form a heat accumulation space between this air glue and this light-passing board.When the solar energy containing sunlight and solar heat is by after light-passing board, solar heat is retained in heat accumulation space by air glue intercepts, and sunlight then can be further advanced by air glue and light-transparent carrier and appear.
Get a thermo-electric conversion module in conjunction with above-mentioned heat accumulation space, the heat energy in heat accumulation space so can be utilized to carry out thermoelectricity conversion; Get again a photoelectric conversion module be configured in sunlight appear solar energy heat separator after light path on, so when carrying out opto-electronic conversion after sunlight arrival photoelectric conversion module.Form one by this and there is high efficiency power facility.
Described thermo-electric conversion module comprises the combination of a conducting strip and a thermoelectric chip, this conducting strip comprises an insertion section and a joint portion, wherein this insertion section is in order to stretch in this heat accumulation space of this solar energy heat separator, and this binding site is combined in the face, hot junction of this thermoelectric chip in the outside of this solar energy heat separator.
This described conducting strip is graphite flake.
Described power facility also comprises a light barrier, and this light barrier is combined in the surface of the joint portion of this conducting strip, and this light barrier and this thermoelectric chip are positioned at the phase heteropleural of this joint portion.
Described power facility also comprises a radiator, and this radiator is combined in the cold junction face of this thermoelectric chip.This radiator is heat radiation coating again.
Described air glue is also coated on the surrounding side in this heat accumulation space.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the invention has the advantages that:
Solar energy heat separator can mat air glue and be effectively separated sunlight and solar heat;
Solar heat is left in heat accumulation space, therefore photoelectric conversion module can not by the effect of solar heat raised temperature, and then photoelectric conversion module can be made accordingly to have higher photoelectric conversion efficiency, and improve the useful life of photoelectric conversion module;
Solar heat in thermo-electric conversion module Absorbable rod heat accumulation space is to carry out thermoelectricity conversion, and sunlight can be arranged in pairs or groups, photoelectric conversion module carries out opto-electronic conversion; In other words, design provided by the present invention at least can effectively utilize the infrared ray wave band in solar energy and visible light wave range to generate electricity, therefore has effect solar energy being done to the utilization of the wider wavelength energy.
Below namely according to object of the present invention, effect and structural configuration, enumerate preferred embodiment, and coordinate graphic detailed description.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure and the solar energy thermal release schematic diagram of solar energy heat separator of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is electrogenesis apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Drawing reference numeral: 10: solar energy heat separator; 12: light-transparent carrier; 14: light-passing board; 16: air glue; 18: heat accumulation space; 20: solar energy; 22: sunlight; 24: solar heat; 26: sensitive surface; 28: transparent surface; 30: thermo-electric conversion module; 32: conducting strip; 34: thermoelectric chip; 36: insertion section; 38: joint portion; 40: light barrier; 42: radiator; 44: photoelectric conversion module.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, show a solar energy heat separator 10 in figure, is that a light-transparent carrier 12 installs a light-passing board 14.One air glue 16 is coated on this light-transparent carrier 12, so between this air glue 16 and this light-passing board 14, forms a heat accumulation space 18.
Above-mentioned light-transparent carrier 12 can have recess configurations, and this recess configurations can form this heat accumulation space 18, and air glue 16 is at least coated on bottom and the surrounding side in this heat accumulation space 18.
Air glue (or claiming aeroge) 16 has the transparency and is excellent heat insulator, and it almost can block the transfer of heat brought by three kinds of heat transfer types (heat transfer, thermal convection, thermal radiation).In air glue 16, the component ratio of air accounts for more than 99%, and air is the non-conductor of heat, therefore they are splendid heat transfer barrier materials.
With light-passing board 14 for sensitive surface, when the sunlight 22 in solar energy 20 and solar heat 24 are by after light-passing board 14, solar heat 24 can be retained in heat accumulation space 18 by the obstruct of air glue 16, can appear this solar energy heat separator 10 as sunlight 22 further by air glue 16 and light-transparent carrier 12.
Refer to Fig. 2, get the solar energy heat separator 10 of a previous constructions, wherein a side surface of light-passing board 14 is sensitive surface 26, and the bottom surface of light-transparent carrier 12 is transparent surface 28.Heat accumulation space 18 is between this sensitive surface 26 and this transparent surface 28.Air glue 16 is coated on bottom surface and the surrounding side in this heat accumulation space 18.
Further, a thermo-electric conversion module 30 links this heat accumulation space 18.This thermo-electric conversion module 30 comprises the combination of a conducting strip 32 and a thermoelectric chip 34.This conducting strip 32 can be graphite flake and comprise insertion section 36 and a joint portion 38, wherein this insertion section 36 is in order to stretch in the heat accumulation space 18 of this solar energy heat separator 10, and so this conducting strip 32 can in order to absorb the solar heat 24 in heat accumulation space 18 of being detained.Again the joint portion 38 of this conducting strip 32 be positioned at this solar energy heat separator 10 outside and in order to the face, hot junction in conjunction with this thermoelectric chip 34.
One light barrier 40 is arranged on the surface of this joint portion 38.This light barrier 40 lays respectively at the phase heteropleural of the joint portion 38 of conducting strip 32 with this thermoelectric chip 34.So this light barrier 40 can cover or reflect according to the solar energy to this thermoelectric chip 34.
One radiator 42 in conjunction with the cold junction face of this thermoelectric chip 34, in order to reduce the temperature in the cold junction face of thermoelectric chip 34.This radiator 42 can be the radiator of various application type, also can be heat radiation coating.Use heat radiation coating can reduce overall volume.
Moreover, a photoelectric conversion module 44, such as light-focusing type solar photoelectric modular converter, be configured in sunlight 22 appear this solar energy heat separator 10 after light path on.When sunlight 22 arrives this photoelectric conversion module 44, then this photoelectric conversion module 44 can carry out opto-electronic conversion.
From above explanation, the present invention has following advantage:
1. solar energy heat separator 10 can mat air glue 16 and be effectively separated sunlight 22 and solar heat 24.
2. solar heat 24 is left in heat accumulation space 18, therefore photoelectric conversion module 44 can not by the effect of solar heat 24 raised temperature, and then photoelectric conversion module 44 can be made accordingly to have higher photoelectric conversion efficiency, and improve the useful life of photoelectric conversion module 44.
3. the solar heat 24 in thermo-electric conversion module 30 Absorbable rod heat accumulation space 18 is to carry out thermoelectricity conversion, and sunlight 22 can be arranged in pairs or groups, photoelectric conversion module 44 carries out opto-electronic conversion; In other words, design provided by the present invention at least can effectively utilize the infrared ray wave band in solar energy and visible light wave range to generate electricity, therefore has effect solar energy being done to the utilization of the wider wavelength energy.
Be more than preferred embodiment of the present invention and design graphic, but preferred embodiment and designing graphicly only illustrates, interest field not for limiting skill of the present invention, allly to implement with the skill means of equalization or the interest field that contains for following claims content, all do not depart from category of the present invention and be the interest field of applicant.

Claims (8)

1. a solar energy heat separator, in order to be separated sunlight in solar energy and solar heat, it is characterized in that, it comprises:
One light-transparent carrier;
One air glue, is coated on this light-transparent carrier;
One light-passing board, is configured on this light-transparent carrier;
One heat accumulation space, is formed between this air glue and this light-passing board;
Wherein this sunlight and solar heat are by after this light-passing board, and this solar heat is retained in this heat accumulation space by this air glue intercepts, and this sunlight can appear further by this air glue and this light-transparent carrier.
2. use a power facility for solar energy heat separator, in order to corresponding solar energy and with the sunlight in solar energy and solar heat carry out opto-electronic conversion and thermoelectricity conversion, it is characterized in that, it comprises:
One solar energy heat separator, it has sensitive surface and the transparent surface of light-permeable, and this sensitive surface and this transparent surface relative, another heat accumulation is spatially located between this sensitive surface and this transparent surface, and an air glue is coated on the bottom surface in this heat accumulation space, this solar energy is after passing through this transparent surface, and this solar heat can be detained in this heat accumulation space, and this sunlight can pass this transparent surface;
One thermo-electric conversion module, in order to this heat accumulation space in conjunction with this solar energy heat separator, and utilizes this solar heat to carry out thermoelectricity conversion;
One photoelectric conversion module, be positioned at this sunlight appear this solar energy heat separator after light path on, and this photoelectric conversion module undertaking sunlight after carry out opto-electronic conversion.
3. the power facility using solar energy heat separator as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described thermo-electric conversion module comprises the combination of a conducting strip and a thermoelectric chip, this conducting strip comprises an insertion section and a joint portion, wherein this insertion section is in order to stretch in the described heat accumulation space of described solar energy heat separator, and this binding site is combined in the face, hot junction of this thermoelectric chip in the outside of described solar energy heat separator.
4. the power facility using solar energy heat separator as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described conducting strip is graphite flake.
5. the power facility using solar energy heat separator as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: also comprise a light barrier, this light barrier is combined in the surface of the joint portion of described conducting strip, and this light barrier and described thermoelectric chip are positioned at the phase heteropleural of described joint portion.
6. the power facility of the use solar energy heat separator as described in claim 3 or 5, is characterized in that: also comprise a radiator, this radiator is combined in the cold junction face of described thermoelectric chip.
7. the power facility using solar energy heat separator as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described radiator is heat radiation coating.
8. the power facility using solar energy heat separator as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described air glue is also coated on the surrounding side in described heat accumulation space.
CN201310210415.7A 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Use the generating mechanism of light heat separator Expired - Fee Related CN104218876B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108954871A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-12-07 浙江大学 Solar energy hierarchical sub-prime based on light-transmission type photo-thermal chemical cycle material utilizes method

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CN102840690A (en) * 2012-09-28 2012-12-26 西安西达地质技术服务有限责任公司 Light-heat separation device
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Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102005044347A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2007-03-22 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH Lighting device for ovens and ovens
CN201306629Y (en) * 2008-12-10 2009-09-09 吴俊兴 Energy conversion device
TW201035505A (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-10-01 Bucky Solar Inc Solar radiation collection systems
JP2011064385A (en) * 2009-09-16 2011-03-31 Daiwa House Industry Co Ltd Solar heat collecting structure
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CN102954603A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-03-06 中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 Flat-panel solar heat collector

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108954871A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-12-07 浙江大学 Solar energy hierarchical sub-prime based on light-transmission type photo-thermal chemical cycle material utilizes method

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