CN104210548A - Steering knuckle connecting part assembly applicable to linear translational type front suspension - Google Patents

Steering knuckle connecting part assembly applicable to linear translational type front suspension Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104210548A
CN104210548A CN201410437745.4A CN201410437745A CN104210548A CN 104210548 A CN104210548 A CN 104210548A CN 201410437745 A CN201410437745 A CN 201410437745A CN 104210548 A CN104210548 A CN 104210548A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
journal stirrup
suspension
steering
side chain
connecting bore
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410437745.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104210548B (en
Inventor
资小林
刘向
张�杰
周贤勇
张严
赵景山
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Wanxiang Qianchao Co Ltd
Wanxiang Group Corp
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Wanxiang Qianchao Co Ltd
Wanxiang Group Corp
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Application filed by Wanxiang Qianchao Co Ltd, Wanxiang Group Corp filed Critical Wanxiang Qianchao Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410437745.4A priority Critical patent/CN104210548B/en
Publication of CN104210548A publication Critical patent/CN104210548A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2014/095047 priority patent/WO2016029606A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104210548B publication Critical patent/CN104210548B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D7/00Steering linkage; Stub axles or their mountings
    • B62D7/18Steering knuckles; King pins

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Vehicle Body Suspensions (AREA)
  • Steering-Linkage Mechanisms And Four-Wheel Steering (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a steering knuckle connecting part assembly applicable to a linear translational type front suspension, which mainly comprises a steering knuckle body, an upper ball pin, a lower ball pin, an upper end base, a lower end base and a reinforcement part, wherein the upper end base and the lower end base are connected with a suspension branched chain, and are fixedly connected through the reinforcement part; a through hole is formed in the reinforcement part and used for a drive shaft to penetrate through. The steering knuckle connecting part assembly applicable to the linear translational type front suspension has the beneficial effects that according to a vehicle applying the steering knuckle connecting part assembly and a linear translational type suspension mechanism, wheel positioning parameters can remain unchanged during wheels are run up and down, so that the tyre wear can be effectively reduced; the steering function of the wheels can be effectively realized, the attitude angle of a steering kingpin axis can be adjusted through adjusting the installation positions of balls, so that the suspension can be arranged flexibly; the operation stability and the driving smoothness of the vehicle, and the comfort of sitting can be improved favorably.

Description

A kind of steering swivel attaching parts assembly being applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension
Technical field
The present invention relates to the steering swivel field of front overhang frame system, or rather, is a kind of steering swivel attaching parts assembly being applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension.
Background technology
Now suspension many employings multi link formula independent suspension of manned vehicle in the market especially intermediate car, with the use of steering swivel be one of parts crucial in suspension frame structure, its Main Function connects each pilot bar side chain of multi-connecting-rod separated suspension, shock absorber, brake caliper and hub bearing.
Although the independent suspensions such as the Multi-link suspension of current routine functionally can both meet suspension design requirement, when wheel bounce, wheel alignment parameter all can change.How can ensure that the positional parameter of wheel during wheel bounce can not change is a Focal point and difficult point in independent suspension structure innovative design.For this problem, I takes charge of and has invented a kind of spacing multi-connecting-rod rectilinear translation formula suspension that may be used for Motor Vehicle Independent Suspension System, see [1. providing holt, Zhao Jingshan, Zhang Jie, Liu Xiang, Qiu Baoxiang, Feng Zhijing, a kind of multi link linear guide independent suspension with 3-RRR flexible compensation mechanism: China, CN102358121A, 2012.02.22.2. an outstanding person, Zhao Jingshan, money holt, Liu Xiang, Qiu Baoxiang, Feng Zhijing, a kind of multi link rectilinear translation formula suspension adopting ball spline pair: China, CN102627061A, 2012.08.08], this suspension fork mechanism can make the camber angle of wheel, Kingpin inclination angle and casterangle, left and right wheels distance, toeing-in posterior cord and wheel base substantially remain unchanged in wheel bob process, thus the traveling comfort improving the road-holding property of automobile, riding comfort and take, and effectively can reduce the wearing and tearing of tire.Meanwhile, under the prerequisite with stronger exploitativeness, can ensure that this suspension fork mechanism has more each to rigidity, reduce stand under load distortion as far as possible.The application in rear overhang rack is suspended in for this type, my department also invented the steering swivel being applicable to rectilinear translation formula rear suspension, see [Zhang Jie, Liu Xiang, Chen Wensi, Wang Jianyi, money holt, Zhao Jingshan, a kind of steering swivel for spacing multi-connecting-rod linear guiding formula suspension: China, CN102556158A, 2012.07.11].But the above-mentioned steering swivel mentioned does not possess turning function, is not suitable for front suspension system; In addition, steering swivel conventional in the market also can not match with novel rectilinear translation formula suspension, cannot realize each side chain of suspension fork mechanism and be connected with the smooth of hub.Therefore need to design the steering swivel new construction being applicable to this kind of rectilinear translation formula front suspension.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to the deficiency overcoming prior art existence, and a kind of steering swivel attaching parts assembly being applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension is provided, the each side chain of rectilinear translation formula suspension, shock absorber and brake caliper and hub bearing can be connected, thus wheel steering can be realized and drive function.
The object of the invention is to have come by following technical solution.This steering swivel attaching parts assembly being applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension, mainly comprise knuckle body, upper end pedestal that upper ball end is connected with lower ball end, suspension side chain and lower base and reinforcement, upper end pedestal is fixedly connected with by reinforcement with lower base, reinforcement offers through hole, for arranging that axle drive shaft extends there through; Described steering swivel offers the drg mounting hole assembled with drg, steering track rod mounting hole assemble with steering track rod, the hub-bearing unit assembly opening assembled with hub, and the lower end bulb mounting hole that assembles of lower ball end and the upper end bulb mounting hole that assembles with upper ball end; Described upper end pedestal midway location is fixed with the bumper mount pad for assembling spring damper, and upper end pedestal is provided with ball end, and lower base is provided with lower ball end, and the axis of upper ball end and lower ball end forms main pin axis, turns to for realizing; Described upper end pedestal also offers upper end first journal stirrup and upper end second journal stirrup, lower base offers lower end first journal stirrup and lower end second journal stirrup, and upper end first journal stirrup, upper end second journal stirrup, lower end first journal stirrup and lower end second journal stirrup are equipped with the suspension side chain connecting bore being connected suspension guide mechanism; The intersection of determined two the vertical planes of suspension side chain connecting bore axis of upper end first journal stirrup, upper end second journal stirrup, with the intersection of determined two the vertical planes of suspension side chain connecting bore axis of lower end first journal stirrup and lower end second journal stirrup, both overlap or parallel, meanwhile, the vertical plane symmetry of above-mentioned two intersections and main pin axis.
Described upper end first journal stirrup, upper end second journal stirrup, lower end first journal stirrup and lower end second journal stirrup, the suspension side chain connecting bore of each journal stirrup all has two, is divided into medial and lateral connecting bore, its dead in line.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: this Novel steering joint attaching parts assembly can connect rectilinear translation formula front suspension guiding mechanism, hub-bearing unit, bumper, drg, steering track rod, can realize driving and turning to, the application making rectilinear translation formula be suspended in automobile front-axle becomes possibility.Patent of the present invention compared with prior art, have the following advantages and high-lighting effect: the automobile applying this steering swivel attaching parts assembly and rectilinear translation formula suspension fork mechanism, wheel alignment parameter can be realized can remain constant in wheel bob process, thus effectively reduce the wearing and tearing of tire; Can effectively realize wheel steering function, and by the installation site of adjustment bulb, thus the attitude angle of kingpin axis can be adjusted, make suspension arrangement flexible form; Thus be conducive to the traveling comfort that improves the road-holding property of automobile, riding comfort and take.This steering swivel attaching parts assembly has the advantages such as the strong and equipment adjustment of high strength, lightweight and compact conformation, designability is convenient.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is steering swivel attaching parts assembly structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is knuckle body structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that suspension side chain of the present invention connects base construction schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is knuckle assembly of the present invention and other parts connection diagram.
Label in accompanying drawing is respectively: bumper mount pad 1, reinforced pull rod mounting hole 2, reinforcement 3, lower base 4, upper ball end 5, drg mounting hole 6, knuckle body 7, upper end pedestal 8, lower ball end 9, main pin axis 10, hub-bearing unit assembly opening 11, lower end bulb mounting hole 12, upper end bulb mounting hole 13, upper end first journal stirrup 14, lower end first journal stirrup 15, lower end second journal stirrup 16, upper end second journal stirrup 17, spring damper 101, suspension guide mechanism 102, axle drive shaft 103, steering track rod 104, drg 105, knuckle assembly 106.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention will be further described:
As Figure 1-3, this steering swivel attaching parts assembly being applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension, mainly comprise knuckle body 7, upper end pedestal that upper ball end 5 is connected with lower ball end 9, suspension side chain 8 and lower base 4 and reinforcement 3, upper end pedestal 8 is fixedly connected with by reinforcement 3 with lower base 4, reinforcement 3 offers through hole, for arranging that axle drive shaft 103 extends there through, avoid structure and movement interference.Described steering swivel 7 offers the drg mounting hole 6 assembled with drg 105, the steering track rod mounting hole 2 assemble with steering track rod 104, the hub-bearing unit assembly opening 11 assembled with hub, and the lower end bulb mounting hole 12 that assembles of lower ball end 9 and the upper end bulb mounting hole 13 that assembles with upper ball end 5; Described upper end pedestal 8 midway location is fixed with the bumper mount pad 1 for assembling spring damper 101, upper end pedestal 8 is provided with ball end 5, lower base 4 is provided with lower ball end 9, the axis of upper ball end 5 and lower ball end 9 forms main pin axis 10, steering track rod can drive steering swivel to rotate around this bulb secondary axis, thus the function that realization turns to; Described upper end pedestal 8 also offers upper end first journal stirrup 14 and upper end second journal stirrup 17, lower base 4 offers lower end first journal stirrup 15 and lower end second journal stirrup 16, and upper end first journal stirrup 14, upper end second journal stirrup 17, lower end first journal stirrup 15 and lower end second journal stirrup 16 are equipped with the suspension side chain connecting bore being connected suspension guide mechanism 102; The intersection of determined two the vertical planes of suspension side chain connecting bore axis of upper end first journal stirrup 14, upper end second journal stirrup 17, with the intersection of determined two the vertical planes of suspension side chain connecting bore axis of lower end first journal stirrup 15 and lower end second journal stirrup 16, both overlap or parallel, meanwhile, the vertical plane symmetry of above-mentioned two intersections and main pin axis 10.Described upper end first journal stirrup 14, upper end second journal stirrup 17, lower end first journal stirrup 15 and lower end second journal stirrup 16, the suspension side chain connecting bore of each journal stirrup all has two, be divided into medial and lateral connecting bore, its dead in line, inside suspension side chain, connecting bore can be identical or not identical, preferably identical with the diameter of connecting bore outside side chain.
As shown in Figure 4, knuckle assembly 106 can be connected with axle drive shaft 103 respectively at suspension guide mechanism 102, spring damper 101, drg 105, hub, steering track rod 104 connects, and can realize driving and turning function.The radical function of steering swivel attaching parts assembly that the present invention proposes is the guiding mechanism of assembling rectilinear translation formula suspension, steering track rod, damper spring assembly, hub and drg, thus the function realizing driving and turn to, the application making rectilinear translation formula be suspended in automobile front-axle becomes possibility.This steering swivel attaching parts assembly has the outstanding advantages such as the strong and equipment adjustment of high strength, lightweight and compact conformation, designability is convenient.
In addition to the implementation, the present invention can also have other embodiments, and all employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of application claims.

Claims (2)

1. one kind is applicable to the steering swivel attaching parts assembly of rectilinear translation formula front suspension, it is characterized in that: mainly comprise knuckle body (7), upper end pedestal (8) that upper ball end (5) is connected with lower ball end (9), suspension side chain and lower base (4) and reinforcement (3), upper end pedestal (8) is fixedly connected with by reinforcement (3) with lower base (4), (3) offer through hole to reinforcement, for arranging that axle drive shaft (103) extends there through; Described steering swivel (7) offers the drg mounting hole (6) assembled with drg (105), the steering track rod mounting hole (2) assembled with steering track rod (104), the hub-bearing unit assembly opening (11) assemble with hub, and lower ball end (9) lower end bulb mounting hole (12) of assembling and upper end bulb mounting hole (13) of assembling with upper ball end (5); Described upper end pedestal (8) midway location is fixed with the bumper mount pad (1) for assembling spring damper (101), upper end pedestal (8) is provided with ball end (5), lower base (4) is provided with lower ball end (9), the axis of upper ball end (5) and lower ball end (9) forms main pin axis (10), turns to for realizing; Described upper end pedestal (8) also offers upper end first journal stirrup (14) and upper end second journal stirrup (17), lower base (4) offers lower end first journal stirrup (15) and lower end second journal stirrup (16), and upper end first journal stirrup (14), upper end second journal stirrup (17), lower end first journal stirrup (15) and lower end second journal stirrup (16) are equipped with the suspension side chain connecting bore being connected suspension guide mechanism (102); The intersection of determined two the vertical planes of suspension side chain connecting bore axis of upper end first journal stirrup (14), upper end second journal stirrup (17), with the intersection of determined two the vertical planes of suspension side chain connecting bore axis of lower end first journal stirrup (15) and lower end second journal stirrup (16), both overlap or parallel, meanwhile, the vertical plane symmetry of above-mentioned two intersections and main pin axis (10).
2. the steering swivel attaching parts assembly being applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper end first journal stirrup (14), upper end second journal stirrup (17), lower end first journal stirrup (15) and lower end second journal stirrup (16), the suspension side chain connecting bore of each journal stirrup all has two, be divided into medial and lateral connecting bore, its dead in line.
CN201410437745.4A 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of knuckle connector assembly that is applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension Expired - Fee Related CN104210548B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410437745.4A CN104210548B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of knuckle connector assembly that is applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension
PCT/CN2014/095047 WO2016029606A1 (en) 2014-08-29 2014-12-26 Steering knuckle connector assembly applicable in linear translation-type front suspension

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CN201410437745.4A CN104210548B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of knuckle connector assembly that is applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016029606A1 (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-03-03 万向钱潮股份有限公司 Steering knuckle connector assembly applicable in linear translation-type front suspension
CN105752156A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-07-13 云南航天神州汽车有限公司 Gantry type bracket knuckle
CN105984497A (en) * 2015-03-16 2016-10-05 大众汽车有限公司 Swivel bearing
CN108382459A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-10 清华大学 A kind of front suspension knuckle assembly system
CN109050660A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-21 中信戴卡股份有限公司 A kind of knuckle of automobile steering roller, transfer and automobile
CN110406365A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-11-05 清华大学苏州汽车研究院(吴江) A kind of preceding transfer panel of electric wheel truck
CN111731383A (en) * 2020-06-15 2020-10-02 东风汽车集团有限公司 Hub motor steering knuckle and steering connection structure thereof
CN112498479A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-03-16 上海汇众汽车制造有限公司 Automobile steering angle mechanism and automobile comprising same
WO2023088075A1 (en) * 2021-11-22 2023-05-25 宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司 Steering knuckle and steering mechanism

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DE112016000932A5 (en) * 2015-02-27 2018-05-30 Ksm Castings Group Gmbh wheel carrier
CN107458462A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-12 通天汽车桥(天津)有限公司 A kind of telescopic spindle assembly
CN110588775A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-20 江苏瑞江车辆系统有限公司 Steering knuckle

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EP0615893A1 (en) * 1991-10-22 1994-09-21 James Mitchell One-piece knuckle assembly
CN102556158A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-07-11 浙江万向系统有限公司 Steering knuckle for spatial multi-connecting rod linear guide type suspension frame
CN203306093U (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-27 东风汽车公司 Adjustable steering knuckle
CN204110142U (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-21 万向钱潮股份有限公司 Be applicable to the steering swivel attaching parts assembly of rectilinear translation formula front suspension

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KR100545295B1 (en) * 2003-09-29 2006-01-24 현대모비스 주식회사 Steering knuckle assembly for a steering apparatus in a motor vehicle
CN100482484C (en) * 2006-09-15 2009-04-29 清华大学 Vertical translation type spacing multi-connecting-rod separated suspension
CN102627061B (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-12-11 万向钱潮股份有限公司 Multi-connecting-rod rectilinear movement hanger bracket adopting ball spline pair
CN203544110U (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-04-16 浙江福地科技有限公司 Vehicle knuckle
CN104210548B (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-05-11 万向钱潮股份有限公司 A kind of knuckle connector assembly that is applicable to rectilinear translation formula front suspension

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0615893A1 (en) * 1991-10-22 1994-09-21 James Mitchell One-piece knuckle assembly
CN102556158A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-07-11 浙江万向系统有限公司 Steering knuckle for spatial multi-connecting rod linear guide type suspension frame
CN203306093U (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-27 东风汽车公司 Adjustable steering knuckle
CN204110142U (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-21 万向钱潮股份有限公司 Be applicable to the steering swivel attaching parts assembly of rectilinear translation formula front suspension

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016029606A1 (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-03-03 万向钱潮股份有限公司 Steering knuckle connector assembly applicable in linear translation-type front suspension
CN105984497A (en) * 2015-03-16 2016-10-05 大众汽车有限公司 Swivel bearing
CN105752156A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-07-13 云南航天神州汽车有限公司 Gantry type bracket knuckle
CN108382459A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-10 清华大学 A kind of front suspension knuckle assembly system
CN108382459B (en) * 2018-03-22 2023-09-26 清华大学 Front suspension knuckle assembly system
CN109050660A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-21 中信戴卡股份有限公司 A kind of knuckle of automobile steering roller, transfer and automobile
CN109050660B (en) * 2018-09-05 2024-05-03 中信戴卡股份有限公司 Steering knuckle and steering device of automobile steering wheel and automobile
CN110406365A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-11-05 清华大学苏州汽车研究院(吴江) A kind of preceding transfer panel of electric wheel truck
CN111731383A (en) * 2020-06-15 2020-10-02 东风汽车集团有限公司 Hub motor steering knuckle and steering connection structure thereof
CN112498479A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-03-16 上海汇众汽车制造有限公司 Automobile steering angle mechanism and automobile comprising same
WO2023088075A1 (en) * 2021-11-22 2023-05-25 宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司 Steering knuckle and steering mechanism

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