CN104141455B - Drilling equipment and rig drilling method - Google Patents

Drilling equipment and rig drilling method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104141455B
CN104141455B CN201410341372.0A CN201410341372A CN104141455B CN 104141455 B CN104141455 B CN 104141455B CN 201410341372 A CN201410341372 A CN 201410341372A CN 104141455 B CN104141455 B CN 104141455B
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China
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sleeve pipe
drilling tool
drilling
holding section
many
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CN201410341372.0A
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CN104141455A (en
Inventor
肖仁雄
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Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science and Technology Co Ltd
Shanghai Zoomlion Piling Machinery Co Ltd
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Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science and Technology Co Ltd
Shanghai Zoomlion Piling Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

Drilling equipment comprises full circle swinging boring device and churning driven device.Full circle swinging boring device comprises sleeve pipe, and the inner surface of sleeve pipe has the first holding section.Churning driven device comprises drilling tool, and the outer surface of drilling tool has the second holding section coordinated with the first holding section.Drilling tool and sleeve pipe are coaxially arranged and drilling tool is equipped with in sleeve pipe by the second holding section and the first holding section.Drilling equipment structure of the present invention is simple, and easy to operate, combine the advantage of rotary drilling rig and full-rotating drill, efficiency of construction is high.The invention still further relates to rig drilling method.

Description

Drilling equipment and rig drilling method
Technical field
The present invention relates to engineering machinery field, particularly relate to a kind of drilling equipment and rig drilling method.
Background technology
In recent years, along with domestic economy is fast-developing, the continuous increase of the projects such as the urban construction redevelopment of big-and-middle-sized urban project, Support during Old City Reconstruction, subway tunnel, underground exterior-protected structure, bridge reconstruction and extension project, often needs to use the pile foundation such as rotary drilling rig and full-rotating drill pore-forming equipment to carry out the construction of pile foundation.
Rotary drilling rig generally includes main frame, mast, unit head, drilling rod and drilling tool.Wherein, main frame can arrange engine system, winding plant, hydraulic system, control device and running gear etc.The bottom of mast is articulated in main frame, and makes mast can open to roughly vertical state when rotary drilling rig is constructed, or is folded on main frame when stopping work.Unit head is located on mast, and is connected with main frame by pressurization oil cylinder or pressurization hoisting rope.Drilling rod is connected with unit head by key cover, to rotate under the driving of unit head.Drilling tool is arranged on bottom drilling rod also can carry out bore operation under the drive of drilling rod.Drilling tool is such as that pick drags for sand hopper, pick cylinder brill, spinning creeps into, breaking hard rock for carrying out for gear wheel cylinder brill, spiral drill etc.Rotary drilling rig is mainly suitable for the construction of the soil layers such as sand, cohesive soil, slity soil, fetch earth conveniently, but run into large area basement rock be hard rock or super ground consisting of hard rock time, being limited to its broken rock mode is that high pressure is milled or shearing-crushing and the moment of torsion of unit head is not enough, and now drilling efficiency is lower.
Full-rotating drill generally includes main frame, power station, sleeve pipe and aid etc., sleeve pipe is located on the equipment of main frame by sleeve pipe clamping device, one end of burying of sleeve pipe is provided with drilling tool, power station is connected with the Hydraulic Elements on the equipment being located at main frame, Hydraulic Elements drive sleeve clamping device drives sleeve rotating, carries out cutting drilling and control the rising of sleeve pipe or the action of decline, utilizes the cutting object such as earth, rock in aid removing sleeve pipe simultaneously.Full-rotating drill is after transferring sleeve pipe, can when not destroying the periphery of spigot soil body, structure in sleeve pipe is removed or displacement, full-rotating drill has that output torque is large, drilling efficiency high, be suitable for the construction under the various complicated geological situations such as drift sand, solution cavity, rock stratum, old stake, but full-rotating drill cannot fetch earth, fetch earth and must coordinate paving assistant engineer's tool such as bull pawl etc. that the soil in sleeve pipe is taken out, soil extracting efficiency is low.
Therefore, in current construction engineering, rotary drilling rig, because fetching earth conveniently, is mainly constructed to argillic horizon; Full-rotating drill, because moment of torsion is large and drilling efficiency is high, is mainly used to transfer sleeve pipe, and can constructs in lithosphere.But, rotary drilling rig and full-rotating drill two kinds of equipment can only be constructed separately at present, be difficult to the advantage playing them.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, provide a kind of drilling equipment, its structure is simple, and easy to operate, combine the advantage of rotary drilling rig and full-rotating drill, efficiency of construction is high.
Another object of the present invention is to, provide a kind of rig drilling method, it utilizes the drilling equipment combining the advantage of rotary drilling rig and full-rotating drill, effectively can improve efficiency of construction.
It is adopt following technical scheme to realize that the present invention solves its technical problem.
A kind of drilling equipment, it comprises full circle swinging boring device and churning driven device.Full circle swinging boring device comprises sleeve pipe, and the inner surface of sleeve pipe has the first holding section.Churning driven device comprises drilling tool, and the outer surface of drilling tool has the second holding section coordinated with the first holding section.Drilling tool and sleeve pipe are coaxially arranged and drilling tool is equipped with in sleeve pipe by the second holding section and the first holding section.
In present pre-ferred embodiments, above-mentioned sleeve pipe has relative first end and the second end, and the first holding section of sleeve pipe is arranged on the inner surface of the first end of sleeve pipe.Drilling tool comprises main part, and main part has relative first end and the second end, and the second holding section is arranged on the outer surface of the first end of main part.
In present pre-ferred embodiments, above-mentioned first holding section comprises many first grooves, and many first grooves are spaced apart around the axis of sleeve pipe, the length direction of each the first groove and the axis parallel of sleeve pipe.Second holding section comprises many first key bars, and many first key bars are spaced apart around the axis of drilling tool, and correspondingly with many first grooves engages, the length direction of each the first key bar and the axis parallel of drilling tool.
In present pre-ferred embodiments, the inner surface of the first end of above-mentioned sleeve pipe is provided with many second key bars, and many second key bars are spaced apart around the axis of sleeve pipe, often forms first groove between adjacent two the second key bars.
In present pre-ferred embodiments, above-mentioned drilling tool also comprises connecting portion, and connecting portion is connected to the first end of main part.
In present pre-ferred embodiments, above-mentioned drilling tool also comprises fixed part, and fixed part is around being connected to connecting portion one end away from the first end of main part.Each first key bar extends the external surface being connected to fixed part along its length.
In present pre-ferred embodiments, the first end of above-mentioned sleeve pipe is provided with the external surface of through sleeve pipe and multiple through holes of inner surface.Second end of sleeve pipe is provided with multiple drill head around the axis distribution of sleeve pipe.
In present pre-ferred embodiments, the second end of the main part of above-mentioned drilling tool is provided with multiple brill tooth around the axis distribution of drilling tool.
In present pre-ferred embodiments, above-mentioned drilling tool also comprises the outer surface of through drilling tool and the multiple of inner surface lead cinder hole, and multiple cinder hole of leading is between first end and the second end.
A kind of rig drilling method, first above-mentioned drilling equipment is provided, then the rotary drilling of full circle swinging boring device drive sleeve is utilized, and drive drilling tool rotary to turn by sleeve pipe to creep into by coordinating of the first holding section of sleeve pipe and the second holding section of drilling tool, then churning driven device is utilized to drive drilling tool moving axially along sleeve pipe, and separate the coordinating, to carry out dregs taking-up of the first holding section of decannulation and the second holding section of drilling tool.
Drilling equipment of the present invention and rig drilling method, because drilling equipment comprises abrasion drill device and churning driven device, the second holding section of the first holding section of the sleeve pipe of full circle swinging boring device and the drilling tool of churning driven device is utilized to coordinate, drilling tool is coaxially arranged in sleeve pipe, high pulling torque is provided to conduct to drilling tool fast drilling by sleeve pipe, dregs in drilling tool takes out by recycling churning driven device fast, the work seamless connection of churning driven device and full circle swinging boring device two kinds of devices, efficiently utilize the advantage of two kinds of devices, improve efficiency of construction.
Above-mentioned explanation is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to technological means of the present invention can be better understood, and can be implemented according to the content of manual, and can become apparent to allow above-mentioned drilling equipment of the present invention and rig drilling method and other objects, feature and advantage, below especially exemplified by preferred embodiment, and coordinate accompanying drawing, describe in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of the drilling equipment of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the sleeve pipe of the full circle swinging boring device of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the sleeve pipe shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of the sleeve pipe shown in Fig. 2 along IV-IV line.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the drilling tool of the churning driven device of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the drilling tool shown in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the sectional view along VII-VII line of the drilling tool shown in Fig. 5.
Detailed description of the invention
For further setting forth the present invention for the technological means reaching predetermined goal of the invention and take and effect, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, the drilling equipment propose foundation the present invention and the detailed description of the invention of rig drilling method, structure, feature and effect thereof, be described in detail as follows:
Aforementioned and other technology contents, Characteristic for the present invention, can know and present in the detailed description of following cooperation with reference to graphic preferred embodiment.By the explanation of detailed description of the invention, when can to the present invention for the technological means reaching predetermined object and take and effect be able to more deeply and concrete understanding, however institute's accompanying drawings be only to provide with reference to and the use of explanation, be not used for being limited the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the broken section structural representation of the drilling equipment of one embodiment of the invention.Refer to Fig. 1, drilling equipment 1 comprises full circle swinging boring device 10 and churning driven device 20.In order to illustrative simplicity, Fig. 1 depict only main frame 11 and the sleeve pipe 100 of full circle swinging boring device 10, depict only the drilling tool 200 of churning driven device 20, drilling rod 21, unit head 22 and mast 23.Sleeve pipe 100 is arranged on the main frame 11 of full circle swinging boring device 10, and main frame 11 can drive sleeve 100 rotary drilling.The inner surface 104 of sleeve pipe 100 is provided with the first holding section 110.The outer surface 203a of drilling tool 200 is provided with the second holding section 210 coordinated with the first holding section 110, and drilling tool 200 and sleeve pipe 100 are coaxially arranged, and drilling tool 200 is equipped with in sleeve pipe 100 by the second holding section 210 and the first holding section 110.Drilling tool 200 is connected with drilling rod 21, and drilling rod 21 is connected with unit head 22, with moving axially along sleeve pipe 100 under the driving of unit head 22, and then drives drilling tool 200 moving axially along sleeve pipe 100.Unit head 22 is connected with mast 23, and mast 23 is articulated in the main frame (not shown) of churning driven device 20, opens to roughly vertical state to make mast 23 or is folded on main frame.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the sleeve pipe of the full circle swinging boring device of one embodiment of the invention.Fig. 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the sleeve pipe shown in Fig. 2.Fig. 4 is the sectional view along IV-IV line of the sleeve pipe shown in Fig. 2.Refer to Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, sleeve pipe 100 has relative first end 101 and the second end 102, the first end 101 of sleeve pipe 100 is provided with the external surface 103 of through sleeve pipe 100 and multiple through holes 105 of inner surface 104, and through hole 105 can be used for wearing the paving assistant engineer tools such as wire rope to facilitate lifting appliance to be mentioned by sleeve pipe 100 or to put down.Also be provided with around the external surface stage portion of 103 1 weeks 106 at the external surface 103 of the first end 101 of sleeve pipe 100.At the second end 102 of sleeve pipe 100, the axis (not shown) distribution of sleeve pipe 100 is provided with multiple drill 107.As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the inner surface 104 of sleeve pipe 100 is provided with the first holding section 110.First holding section 110 is such as groove, but not as limit.In the present embodiment, the inner surface 104 of sleeve pipe 100 is provided with spaced apart and the second key bar 111 of internal protrusion towards sleeve pipe 100 in many axis around sleeve pipe 100, preferably, many the second key bars 111 are around the axis uniform intervals distribution of sleeve pipe 100, the length direction of each root second key bar 111 is parallel with the direction, axis of sleeve pipe 100, often forms first groove 112 between adjacent two the second key bars 111.Also, namely, in the present embodiment, the first holding section 110 comprises many first grooves 112, many first grooves 112 around the axis uniform intervals distribution of sleeve pipe 100, the length direction of each the first groove 112 and the axis parallel of sleeve pipe 100.Drilling tool 200 is placed in sleeve pipe 100 for coordinating the second holding section 210 of drilling tool 200 by the first groove 112.It is worth mentioning that, the first holding section 110 of sleeve pipe 100 around the rotation of axis, but limits drilling tool 200 facing sleeve 100 moving up and down vertically in sleeve pipe 100 for limiting drilling tool 200 facing sleeve 100 in sleeve pipe 100.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the drilling tool of the churning driven device of one embodiment of the invention.Fig. 6 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the drilling tool shown in Fig. 5.Fig. 7 is the sectional view of the drilling tool shown in Fig. 5 along VII-VII line.Refer to Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, in the present embodiment, drilling tool 200 is such as that pick cylinder bores for cylinder bores, but not as limit.Drilling tool 200 comprises main part 204 and connecting portion 205.Main part 204 roughly cylindrically, has relative first end 201 and the second end 202.Be connected with connecting portion 205 at the first end 201 of the main part 204 of drilling tool 200, connecting portion 205 is for connecting the drilling rod 21 of drilling tool 200 to churning driven device 20.At the second end 202 of the main part 204 of drilling tool 200, the axis (not shown) of drilling tool 200 is provided with multiple brill tooth 206.Between the first end 201 and the second end 202 of drilling tool 200, namely (also medium position) is also provided with the outer surface 203a of multiple through drilling tool 200 and the multiple of inner surface 203b lead cinder hole 207.
It is such as the key bar that engage corresponding to groove that the outer surface 203a of the first end 201 of drilling tool 200 is also provided with the second holding section, holding section 210, second coordinated with the first holding section 110.In the present embodiment, second holding section 210 comprises many first key bars 211, many the first key bars 211 around the axis uniform intervals distribution of drilling tool 200, and correspondingly with many first grooves 112 of sleeve pipe 100 to engage, the length direction of each the first key bar 211 and the axis parallel of drilling tool 200.In the present embodiment, drilling tool 200 also comprises fixed part 212, and fixed part 212 is roughly circular, and around being connected to connecting portion 205 one end away from the first end 201 of drilling tool 200.First key bar 211 is connected to the external surface 212a of fixed part 212, and also namely one end of the first key bar 211 is connected to the outer surface 203a of the first end 201 of drilling tool 200, and the other end of the first key bar 211 is connected to the external surface 212a of fixed part 212.
In the present embodiment, first holding section 110 of sleeve pipe 100 has six the first grooves 112, second holding section 210 of drilling tool 200 has three the first key bars 211, can three the first key bars 211 of the second holding section 210 of drilling tool 200 be snapped in three first grooves 112 at the interval of the correspondence in the first holding section 110 of sleeve pipe 100 during use, first holding section 110 coordinate with the second holding section 210 drilling tool 200 is placed in sleeve pipe 100 limit drilling tool 200 facing sleeve 100 around axial-rotation, drilling tool 200 can be fixed in sleeve pipe 100 position in axial direction by drilling rod 21 by drilling tool 200 under the driving of the unit head 22 of churning driven device 20.
Below rig drilling method in the drilling equipment to employing one embodiment of the invention is further described.
First, drilling equipment 1 is fixed on the job position that will carry out holing, sleeve pipe 100 is placed on the equipment of main frame 11 of full circle swinging boring device 10, the drilling tool 200 of churning driven device 20 is coordinated with the first holding section 110 of sleeve pipe 100 by the second holding section 210, and makes the drilling tool 200 of churning driven device 20 to be arranged in sleeve pipe 100 precalculated position in axial direction.
Secondly, utilize the rotary drilling of full circle swinging boring device 10 drive sleeve 100, in the process that sleeve pipe 100 creeps into, further drive drilling tool 200 rotary drilling with coordinating of the second holding section 210 of drilling tool 200 by sleeve pipe 100 by the first holding section 110 of sleeve pipe 100.
Then, after creeping into a period of time, utilize churning driven device 20 to drive drilling tool 200 to move up along the axis of sleeve pipe 100 by mentioning drilling rod 21, and separate coordinating of the first holding section 110 of decannulation 100 and the second holding section 210 of drilling tool 200, carry out dregs taking-up work to utilize drilling tool 200.
After completing dregs taking-up work, then drilling tool 200 is arranged in sleeve pipe 100 makes coordinating of the first holding section 110 of sleeve pipe 100 and the second holding section 210 of drilling tool 200, then continue to repeat drilling operation.
In the drilling process of full circle swinging boring device 10 drive sleeve 100, there is provided high pulling torque to conduct by full circle swinging boring device 10 by sleeve pipe 100 to carry out creeping into work to drilling tool 200, the drilling tool 200 of churning driven device 20 can be made to reach the object of fast drilling, dregs in drilling tool 200 takes out by recycling churning driven device fast, the work seamless connection of churning driven device 20 and full circle swinging boring device 10 two kinds of equipment, efficiently utilize the advantage of full circle swinging boring device 10 and churning driven device 20 two kinds of devices, improve efficiency of construction.
Above drilling equipment provided by the present invention and rig drilling method are described in detail, apply specific case herein to set forth principle of the present invention and embodiment, the explanation of above embodiment just understands method of the present invention and core concept thereof for helping; Meanwhile, for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to thought of the present invention, all will change in specific embodiments and applications, in sum, this description should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a drilling equipment, it is characterized in that, it comprises full circle swinging boring device and churning driven device, this full circle swinging boring device comprises sleeve pipe, the inner surface of this sleeve pipe has the first holding section, this churning driven device comprises drilling tool, and the outer surface of this drilling tool has the second holding section coordinated with this first holding section, and this drilling tool and this sleeve pipe are coaxially arranged and this drilling tool is equipped with by this second holding section and this first holding section and drives this drilling tool to rotate by this sleeve pipe in this sleeve pipe.
2. drilling equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, this sleeve pipe has relative first end and the second end, first holding section of this sleeve pipe is arranged on the inner surface of the first end of this sleeve pipe, this drilling tool comprises main part, this main part has relative first end and the second end, and this second holding section is arranged on the outer surface of the first end of this main part.
3. drilling equipment as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, this first holding section comprises many first grooves, these many first grooves are spaced apart around the axis of this sleeve pipe, the length direction of each this first groove and the axis parallel of this sleeve pipe, this second holding section comprises many first key bars, and these many first key bars are spaced apart around the axis of this drilling tool, and correspondingly with these many first grooves to engage, the length direction of each this first key bar and the axis parallel of this drilling tool.
4. drilling equipment as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the inner surface of the first end of this sleeve pipe is provided with many second key bars, and these many second key bars are spaced apart around the axis of this sleeve pipe, often forms this first groove between adjacent two these the second key bars.
5. drilling equipment as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, this drilling tool also comprises connecting portion, and this connecting portion is connected to the first end of this main part.
6. drilling equipment as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, this drilling tool also comprises fixed part, and this fixed part is around being connected to this connecting portion one end away from the first end of this main part, and respectively this first key bar extends the external surface being connected to this fixed part along its length.
7. drilling equipment as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the first end of this sleeve pipe is provided with the external surface of this sleeve pipe through and multiple through holes of inner surface, and the second end of this sleeve pipe is provided with multiple drill head around the axis distribution of this sleeve pipe.
8. drilling equipment as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, the second end of the main part of this drilling tool is provided with multiple brill tooth around the axis distribution of this drilling tool.
9. drilling equipment as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, this drilling tool also comprises the outer surface of this drilling tool through and the multiple of inner surface lead cinder hole, and the plurality of cinder hole of leading is between this first end and this second end.
10. a rig drilling method, is characterized in that, the method comprises:
Drilling equipment as described in any one of claim 1-9 is provided;
Utilize this full circle swinging boring device to drive this sleeve rotating to creep into, and drive this drilling tool rotary drilling with coordinating of the second holding section of this drilling tool by this sleeve pipe by the first holding section of this sleeve pipe; And
Utilize this churning driven device to drive this drilling tool moving axially along this sleeve pipe, and remove the coordinating, to carry out dregs taking-up of the first holding section of this sleeve pipe and the second holding section of this drilling tool.
CN201410341372.0A 2014-07-08 2014-07-17 Drilling equipment and rig drilling method Active CN104141455B (en)

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CN201410341372.0A CN104141455B (en) 2014-07-08 2014-07-17 Drilling equipment and rig drilling method

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CN201410322535.0 2014-07-08
CN201410322535 2014-07-08
CN201410341372.0A CN104141455B (en) 2014-07-08 2014-07-17 Drilling equipment and rig drilling method

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CN104141455B true CN104141455B (en) 2016-01-13

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104653107B (en) * 2015-02-15 2016-09-28 吉林大学 Utilize the auxiliary detritus device and method of liquid cavitation effect
PL3272992T3 (en) * 2015-05-11 2021-09-06 Xuzhou Xugong Foundation Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. Power head of rotary drilling rig and rotary drilling rig
CN109488209A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-19 腾达建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of steel sleeve, full-sleeve full-rotation drill and drilling machine drilling method
CN111101865A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-05 深圳市盛业地下工程有限公司 High efficiency drilling equipment
CN112709529A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-27 中铁十局集团第七工程有限公司 Radial grading pore-forming construction method and application of hard rock layer drilled pile

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011231540A (en) * 2010-04-28 2011-11-17 Solcom Co Ltd On-vehicle drilling machine and drilling method
CN102287132A (en) * 2011-07-30 2011-12-21 宿迁景泰重工机械制造有限公司 Full sleeve full slewing drilling machine
CN102304922B (en) * 2011-09-19 2013-10-30 北京市三一重机有限公司 Full-pile casing construction device
CN202416308U (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-09-05 北京市三一重机有限公司 Connecting structure of tubular pieces used in drill pile foundations

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