CN104045495B - Granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104045495B
CN104045495B CN201410320510.7A CN201410320510A CN104045495B CN 104045495 B CN104045495 B CN 104045495B CN 201410320510 A CN201410320510 A CN 201410320510A CN 104045495 B CN104045495 B CN 104045495B
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parts
ammonium nitrate
fuel oil
viscosity
oil mixture
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CN104045495A (en
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咸会朵
王磊
魏芳
季腾飞
魏绪珂
张真
卜令涛
陈成芳
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Shandong Tianbao Chemical Co Ltd
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Shandong Tianbao Chemical Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity and preparation method thereof, raw material components is as follows, is weight portion: 4~7 parts of 93~96 parts of ammonium nitrates, 4~7 parts of diesel oil, 0.15~0.25 part of powdered polypropylene acid amides, 4~6 parts of gluey polyacrylamides, waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate. The present invention has effectively utilized waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate, has well solved waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate safe handling problem; Preparation technology is simple, convenient for production, is convenient to the on-the-spot a large amount of production and applications of explosion.

Description

Granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity and preparation method, belong to commercial explosive preparing technical field.
Background technology
In order to adapt to the needs of shallow bore hole or deep hole charge pneumatic machinery, alleviate powder charge labour intensity, reduce and return dose, improveBlast hole utilizing factor, people have developed terraced glutinous pellet explosive. This explosive is exploded by ammonium nitrate, diesel oil and thicknessAgent mixes, and existing certain fluidity has again suitable adherence, has substantially solved charge pneumatic machinery process and has returned asking of medicineTopic. But owing to containing 1/3 TNT in added thickness burster, in producing and using, unavoidably workman is caused to dangerEvil. For addressing this problem, 85100393), " novel sticky without ladder Chinese patent literature " viscous granular Non-TNT explosive " (application number:Property explosive and manufacture method thereof " 89107503.8), " a kind of ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture " (application number: 201210225182.3) (application number:Deng disclose separately without terraced viscous explosive formula and preparation method, its theme thinking is all taking nontoxic methylamine nitrate as quickAgent substitutes the TNT that toxicity is larger, but methylamine nitrate is extremely responsive as a kind of single chmical compound explosive, production process complexity, workSkill control is had relatively high expectations, do not meet on-site mixed explosive sensitivity low, produce simple requirement, produce and use procedure in the middle of depositIn great potential safety hazard. In patent documentation 89107503.8, add aluminium powder, sulphur to bringing larger powder in the middle of productionDirt and blast, danger of combustion, and in explosion product, contain more sulfur dioxide pollution air. Chinese patent literature (ShenPlease number: 200610010603.5) disclose a kind of glutinous pellet explosive, cancelled the responsive single chmical compound explosive such as TNT, methylamine nitrateUse, greatly reduce blast, danger of combustion characteristic in production process, but still used calcium carbonate, talcum powder, double glazingMicroballoons etc. easily generate the component of a large amount of dust, and in the solid powder adding, 30% for the very little hollow glass microballoon of density, offsetThe density of bringing after calcium carbonate, talcum powder add increases, limited on degree of packing impact. Solid meal component is inhaled in explosive reactionReceived a large amount of heats, the gas of generation is limited, and quick-fried heat is had a certain impact.
At present along with the development of the high sensitization of emulsion, high temperature Charge and popular, domestic Emulsion Explosive Production producerThe overwhelming majority has adopted heat-sensitized technology, and heat-sensitized technology is bringing large production capacity, high efficiency while also to produce greatlyThe useless medicine of emulsification and the matrix of amount, Emulsion Explosive Production security incident took place frequently due to 2013 to 2014, responsible departments of the government fromSecurity standpoint is considered to have forbidden the useless medicine producing in stub bar, material tail and debug process is joined to feed bin processing before powder charge, givesCurrent useless medicine processing brings certain difficulty.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of component simple, security is good, detonates reliable, production processThe granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of easier viscosity and preparation method.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
The granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity, raw material components is as follows, is weight portion:
According to the present invention, preferred, the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of described viscosity, raw material components is as follows, is weight portion:
According to the present invention, preferred, the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of described viscosity, raw material components is as follows, is weight portion:
According to the present invention, preferred, the particle diameter of described powdered polypropylene acid amides is 0.1~1mm;
Preferably, described gluey polyacrylamide is for by polyacrylamide: water=1:(7~12) mass ratio is mixed to getArrive, preferred, polyacrylamide: the mass ratio of water is 1:9.
According to the present invention, the preparation method of the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of above-mentioned viscosity, step is as follows:
(1) in blender, add ammonium nitrate by above-mentioned weight portion, then spray into diesel oil, mix;
(2) add powdered polypropylene acid amides and waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate, continue to stir 3~5 minutes;
(3) add gluey polyacrylamide, continue to stir 3~5 minutes, to obtain final product.
Ammonium nitrate and diesel oil are mixed to get ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture by the present invention, with waste emulsion explosive or emulsion baseMatter is coated ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture, can improve water repelling property and sensitivity to initiation; Waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate are filled into ammonium oilIn the space of explosive, can improve effective charge density. The present invention, by first add water in polyacrylamide, prepares gluey polypropyleneAcyl ammonium, has avoided water to contact with the direct of explosive component, is first coated nitre with waste emulsion explosive or the process of dynamite substrate of water resistantAcid ammonium, then adds moisture gluey PAM, makes explosive component and moisture gluey PAM isolation, is conducive to guaranteeProduct sensitivity to initiation and shelf-life. Add powdered polypropylene acid amides can make viscosity the best of product.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of viscosity of the present invention is without dust, and without single chmical compound explosive, without cap-sensitivity, sensitivity to initiation is moderate,Available common emulsion and bulking ammonium nitrate explosive detonate.
2, the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture water repelling property of viscosity of the present invention and sensitivity to initiation are good, and waste emulsion explosive or emulsification are friedMedicine matrix is filled in the space of ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture, because waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate are explosibility component, more hasBe beneficial to and improve effective charge density.
3, the present invention has effectively utilized waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate, has well solved waste emulsion explosiveOr process of dynamite substrate safe handling problem.
4, the preparation technology of the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of viscosity of the present invention is simple, convenient for production, is convenient to on-the-spot a large amount of production of explosionUse.
5, the present invention, by first add water in polyacrylamide, prepares gluey polyacrylamide, has avoided water and blast groupThe direct contact dividing; In hybrid mode, first waste emulsion explosive or the process of dynamite substrate by water resistant is coated ammonium nitrate simultaneously,Add again moisture gluey polyacrylamide, make explosive component and moisture gluey polyacrylamide isolation, stopped water to nitric acidThe dissolved destruction effect of ammonium, is conducive to ensure product sensitivity to initiation and shelf-life.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, but be not limited to this.
In embodiment, the particle diameter of powdered polypropylene acid amides is 0.2~0.85mm, and gluey polyacrylamide is for pressing polyacrylamideAmine: water=1:9 mass ratio is mixed to get.
Raw materials usedly in embodiment be conventional raw material, device therefor is conventional equipment, commercial product.
Embodiment 1
The granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity, raw material components is as follows:
Preparation method is as follows:
(1) in colter mixer, drop into ammonium nitrate, start immediately oil pump and progressively spray into diesel oil, mix allEven;
(2) in colter mixer, add powdered polypropylene acid amides and waste emulsion explosive, continue to stir 3 minutes;
(3) in colter mixer, add gluey polyacrylamide, continue to stir after 3 minutes, stop stirring; Open colterMixer discharging opening, packaging, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 2
The granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity, raw material components is as follows:
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
The granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity, raw material components is as follows:
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
The granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity, raw material components is as follows:
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
The granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity, raw material components is as follows:
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Experimental example
The granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture test of viscosity correlated performance prepared by embodiment 1-5, explosion velocity is measured and is pressed GB/T13228-1991 requirement is carried out. Adopt the welded still pipe powder charge of φ 50mm × 5mm × 350mm, 50g2 rock emulsion explosive detonates, dressMedicine density 0.98g/cm3
The mensuration of brisance is undertaken by the requirement of GB/T12440-1990, adopts the welded still pipe of φ 50mm × 5mm × 60mmPowder charge, total charge 50g, 5g2 rock emulsion explosive detonates;
The mensuration of capacity for work is undertaken by the requirement of GB/T12436-1990.
Result is as shown in table 1.
Table 1

Claims (5)

1. the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of viscosity, is characterized in that, raw material components is as follows, is weight portion:
93 ~ 96 parts of ammonium nitrates
4 ~ 7 parts of diesel oil
0.15 ~ 0.25 part of powdered polypropylene acid amides
4 ~ 6 parts of gluey polyacrylamides
4 ~ 7 parts of waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate;
Described gluey polyacrylamide is for by polyacrylamide: water=1:(7 ~ 12) mass ratio is mixed to get.
2. the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of viscosity according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of described viscosity,Raw material components is as follows, is weight portion:
94 ~ 95 parts of ammonium nitrates
5 ~ 6 parts of diesel oil
0.18 ~ 0.22 part of powdered polypropylene acid amides
5 ~ 6 parts of gluey polyacrylamides
5 ~ 7 parts of waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate.
3. the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of viscosity according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of described viscosity,Raw material components is as follows, is weight portion:
94.5 parts of ammonium nitrates
5.5 parts of diesel oil
0.20 part of powdered polypropylene acid amides
5.0 parts of gluey polyacrylamides
5.0 parts of waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate.
4. the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of viscosity according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the grain of described powdered polypropylene acid amidesFootpath is 0.1 ~ 1mm.
5. a preparation method for the granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of viscosity described in claim 1-4 any one, step is as follows:
(1) in blender, add ammonium nitrate by above-mentioned weight portion, then spray into diesel oil, mix;
(2) add powdered polypropylene acid amides and waste emulsion explosive or process of dynamite substrate, continue to stir 3 ~ 5 minutes;
(3) add gluey polyacrylamide, continue to stir 3 ~ 5 minutes, to obtain final product.
CN201410320510.7A 2014-07-07 2014-07-07 Granular ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture of a kind of viscosity and preparation method thereof Active CN104045495B (en)

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CN104292060A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-21 郭秀珍 Explosive and preparation method thereof
CN104692982B (en) * 2015-03-09 2017-08-15 马鞍山江南化工有限责任公司 The upward hole Pneumatic charge emulsifying ammonium nitrate fuel explosive and its continuous preparation method of high temperature resistant environment
CN106380360A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 苏州丰倍生物科技有限公司 Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil explosive and preparation method thereof
CN106748590A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-31 四川雅化实业集团股份有限公司 A kind of viscous explosive adhesive and preparation method thereof
CN106748596B (en) * 2016-12-21 2019-03-19 四川雅化实业集团股份有限公司 A kind of viscous explosive and preparation method thereof of no single chmical compound explosive
CN106946636B (en) * 2017-03-21 2018-10-19 浙江利民化工有限公司 A kind of emulsification ANFO explosives prill and its continuous production technology
CN108341732A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-07-31 山西江阳兴安民爆器材有限公司 A kind of aqueous granular viscous explosive formula and preparation process of Storage period length
CN110204406A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-09-06 浙江永联民爆器材有限公司 Emulsion waste material highly effective and safe, environmentally friendly recycling technique
CN110950721A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-03 雅化集团雅安实业有限公司 Method for treating emulsified waste medicine
CN113336611A (en) * 2021-06-02 2021-09-03 石家庄成功机电有限公司 Viscous explosive containing modified porous granular ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof

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CN85100393A (en) * 1985-04-01 1986-08-27 长沙矿山研究院 non-TNT adhesive granular explosive
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CN1141905A (en) * 1995-06-23 1997-02-05 南京理工大学 Powdered explosive and production method thereof
CN1807369A (en) * 2006-01-04 2006-07-26 云南安化有限责任公司 Environment-friendly type glutinous pellet explosive
CN101967073A (en) * 2010-10-11 2011-02-09 谢斌 Heavy ammonium nitrate-fuel oil explosive with detonator sensitivity produced by using chemical sensitization
CN102515988A (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-06-27 煤炭科学研究总院爆破技术研究所 Method for preparation of emulsion explosive by using waste explosives
CN102718615A (en) * 2012-07-03 2012-10-10 保利民爆济南科技有限公司 Ammonium nitrate fuel oil
CN102924195A (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-02-13 肖代军 Viscous porous granulated ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive and preparation method thereof
CN103193562A (en) * 2012-01-05 2013-07-10 薛世忠 Preparation method of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosives with different densities, and ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosives with different densities

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CN85100393A (en) * 1985-04-01 1986-08-27 长沙矿山研究院 non-TNT adhesive granular explosive
CN1050372A (en) * 1989-09-23 1991-04-03 武汉钢铁公司 Non-TNT sticky charge and manufacture method thereof
CN1141905A (en) * 1995-06-23 1997-02-05 南京理工大学 Powdered explosive and production method thereof
CN1807369A (en) * 2006-01-04 2006-07-26 云南安化有限责任公司 Environment-friendly type glutinous pellet explosive
CN101967073A (en) * 2010-10-11 2011-02-09 谢斌 Heavy ammonium nitrate-fuel oil explosive with detonator sensitivity produced by using chemical sensitization
CN102515988A (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-06-27 煤炭科学研究总院爆破技术研究所 Method for preparation of emulsion explosive by using waste explosives
CN103193562A (en) * 2012-01-05 2013-07-10 薛世忠 Preparation method of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosives with different densities, and ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosives with different densities
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Denomination of invention: Viscous granular ANFO explosive and preparation method thereof

Effective date of registration: 20211201

Granted publication date: 20160518

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