CN103964216B - A kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine - Google Patents

A kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103964216B
CN103964216B CN201410243778.5A CN201410243778A CN103964216B CN 103964216 B CN103964216 B CN 103964216B CN 201410243778 A CN201410243778 A CN 201410243778A CN 103964216 B CN103964216 B CN 103964216B
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China
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open
frame
framework
district
disk
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CN201410243778.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103964216A (en
Inventor
倪志和
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湖州锐格物流科技有限公司
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Publication of CN103964216A publication Critical patent/CN103964216A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to material flow transmission equipment field, be specifically related to a kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine.The above-mentioned technical purpose of the present invention has the technical scheme that a kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine, including standing on the frame on ground and being located in described frame and can tear disk body open both vertically and horizontally move, described disk body quantity of tearing open is two, it is arranged on the medial wall of described frame both sides, this pallet unstacking and stacking machine also comprises and is connected in described frame, the transmission direction transporter vertical with the moving direction of described level(l)ing device, described transporter be positioned at described in tear open below disk body.It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine, can realize the lamination of shelf or tear dish operation open, additionally carrying out a dead lift in work process without workman, tearing the shelf that dish gets off open can be conveyed out automatically, the most convenient.

Description

A kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to material flow transmission equipment field, be specifically related to a kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine.

Background technology

In logistics transmission, in order to improve space availability ratio, need a lot of shelf and pallet stacked in multi-layers, in use Taking out the most layer by layer, this process is referred to as tearing code open, uses a dead lift more, not only takes time and effort, and also easily produces shelf itself Damaging, Ye You manufacturer uses a kind of pallet that the patent of invention file of such as Patent No. CN 201320063092.9 is announced Tearing dish machine open, using this pallet to tear dish machine open can move in vertical direction by shelf or pallet, but still needs workman Manually being taken out of by undermost shelf, percent of automatization is the highest.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine, the lamination of shelf can be realized or tear dish operation open, work During additionally carry out a dead lift without workman, tearing the shelf that dish gets off open can be conveyed out automatically, the most convenient.

The above-mentioned technical purpose of the present invention has the technical scheme that a kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine, bag Include and stand on the frame on ground and be located in described frame and can tear disk body open both vertically and horizontally move, described in tear disk body open Quantity is two, is arranged on the medial wall of described frame both sides, described in tear disk body open and include framework, connect described framework and described Frame and can regulate described framework relative to described frame position in vertical direction vertical adjustment mechanism, be used for moving goods The fork body of thing and connection described fork body and described framework and described fork body can be regulated in described framework horizontal direction relative to position Level(l)ing device, this pallet unstacking and stacking machine also comprises and is connected in described frame, transmission direction and described level(l)ing device The vertical transporter of moving direction, described transporter be positioned at described in tear open below disk body.

User by the goods piled up by described transporter be sent to described in tear open at disk body, transporter is permissible Use the conveyer belt in known technology or cylinder, described in the fork body torn open on disk body stretched out by described level(l)ing device, with Cargo contacts, cargo segregation has been become upper strata goods and lower floor's goods, the most described fork body to be filled by described vertical adjusting by nature Putting rise, levels goods separates, and lower floor's goods is sent away by described transporter, and fork body is by under described vertical adjustment mechanism Fall, is placed on upper strata goods on described transporter, recirculation process as above, and the most all goods are automatically performed tearing open from level to level Dish works, and when user needs goods superposition, as long as workflow being just now reversed, this kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine is i.e. Can be automatically performed disc stack work, described level(l)ing device and the described vertical adjustment mechanism of this kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine can be adopted Transmission is carried out by the common kind of drive in the known technologies such as gear and chain.

Preferred as the present invention, described level(l)ing device comprise be connected in described framework connector, be connected to Chute on described connector and being connected on described fork body, the slide block that can slide on described chute.

Described connector is fixedly connected in described framework, and described slide block connects in known technology such as motor, hydraulic push rod Promote etc. common dynamical system, described chute moves, thus regulate relative relative to described connector of described fork body Position.

Preferred as the present invention, concave end in described chute, two ends are protruding, on described slide block in corresponding described chute Concave end is provided with protuberance at the beginning of position.

Existing in real work, goods often weight is big, the described chute of two ends raised central portion depression and be provided with described prominent The slide block in portion can fork at described fork body and be difficult to displacement when goods moves up and down, and affects the stability of handling process.

Preferred as the present invention, described transporter comprises multiple being parallel to each other and for multiple rollings of same level The drive system that cylinder and the described cylinder of drive rotate, the cylinder of all odd-numbered lines is commonly connected to a set of described drive system, institute The cylinder having even number line is commonly connected to another set of described drive system.

Described drive system can use gear conventional in known technology and chain, and the cylinder of all odd-numbered lines connects jointly Being connected on a set of chain, the cylinder of all even number lines is commonly connected on another set of chain, and on the one hand two set drive systems provide Abundant power gives large number of cylinder, and the opposing party increases the stability of power transmission.

Preferred as the present invention, described transporter is by comprising pre-transmission district successively before and after direction of transfer and lamination tears dish open District, described lamination tear open panel be positioned at described in tear the correspondence position below disk body open.

Preferred as the present invention, described pre-transmission district comprises auxiliary and transmits district, is located at described auxiliary and transmits both sides, district Operating space transmits the main transmission district of side, district with being located at described operating space away from described auxiliary, and described auxiliary transmits district and described master Transmitting district and all comprise multiple cylinder being parallel to each other, described main transmission district also comprises the drive system driving described cylinder to rotate.

Tear open described in goods is also introduced into carry out tearing open dish operation below disk body time, need fork truck to open goods handling On described transporter, steel plate can be laid in two described operating spaces, it is provided that the work space of the crotch of fork truck, it is to avoid fork The cylinder contact of the direct and described transporter of the crotch of car, damages cylinder.

Preferred as the present invention, described framework is rectangular, and two limits in vertical direction are provided with and described frame The roller conflicted.

Described framework moves up and down in described frame when, on the one hand described roller can guide the most permissible The abrasion avoiding described framework and described frame direct friction and cause, improves the service life of this equipment.

In sum, there is advantages that

1, the goods sent can be divided into levels goods, by upper by fork body by this pallet unstacking and stacking machine automatically Layer goods rises, and lower floor's goods is communicated off by described transporter, is automatically performed and tears dish open and be divided into operation, this pallet unstacking and stacking machine Utilize same principle also can complete lamination operation.

2, described transporter is provided with the operating space facilitating carrying fork truck, and described frame is provided with described roller, the most permissible Promote the service life of this pallet unstacking and stacking machine.

3, the concave-convex design of described chute and slide block can be the most anti-skidding, optimizes stress, promotes this pallet unstacking and stacking machine and exist Lamination or the stability of operation when tearing dish open.

4, multiple cylinders of described transporter use interval to be connected in two set drive systems, promote this pallet and tear piling open The stability of mechanomotive force output.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of embodiment 1;

Fig. 2 is the top view of embodiment 1;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram tearing disk body open;

Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of level(l)ing device.

In figure:

1, frame, 2, tear disk body open, 21, framework, 211, roller, 22, vertical adjustment mechanism, 23, level(l)ing device, 231, Connector, 232, chute, 233, slide block, 234, protuberance, 24, fork body, 3, transporter, 31, pre-transmission district, 311, auxiliary passes Send district, 312, operating space, 313, main transmission district, 32, lamination tear panel open.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.

This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, and it is not limitation of the present invention, people in the art The present embodiment can be made after reading this specification by member as required does not has the amendment of creative contribution, but as long as at this All protected by Patent Law in the right of invention.

Embodiment 1, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4: a kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine, including frame 1 He standing on ground It is located in frame 1 and can tear disk body 2 open both vertically and horizontally move, it is characterised in that: tearing disk body 2 quantity open is two, It is arranged on the medial wall of frame 1 both sides, tears disk body 2 open and include framework 21, connect framework 21 and frame 1 and framework 21 phase can be regulated For the vertical adjustment mechanism 22 of frame 1 position in vertical direction, for moving the fork body 24 of goods and connecting fork body 24 With framework 21 and fork body 24 can be regulated in framework 21 horizontal direction relative to the level(l)ing device 23 of position, this pallet unstacking and stacking machine Also comprise and be connected in frame 1, the transporter 3 that transmission direction is vertical with the moving direction of level(l)ing device 23, transmits dress Put 3 to be positioned at and tear open below disk body 2.

Transporter 3 is by comprising pre-transmission district 31 successively and lamination tears panel 32 open before and after direction of transfer, lamination tears panel 32 open Being positioned at the correspondence position torn open below disk body 2, pre-transmission district 31 comprises auxiliary and transmits district 311, is located at auxiliary transmission both sides, district 311 Operating space 312 transmits the main transmission district 313 of side, district 311 with being located at operating space 312 away from auxiliary, and auxiliary transmits district 311 and master Transmitting district 313 and all comprise multiple cylinder being parallel to each other, main transmission district 313 also comprises the drive system driving cylinder to rotate.Need During dish to be torn open, user is by fork truck by goods handling good for heap to pre-transmission district 31, and two crotch on fork truck fall On operating space 312, operating space 312 is equipped with steel plate, it is to avoid crotch directly and cylinder contact, is protected equipment, improved service life. Main transmission district 313 and auxiliary transmit district 311 and are equipped with multiple same level and cylinder parallel to each other of being in, main transmission district Multiple cylinders of 313 and two set drive systems connect, and drive system comprises the motor that gear, chain and driving gear rotate, institute The cylinder having odd-numbered line is connected jointly with a set of chain, and the cylinder of all even number lines is connected jointly with another set of chain.Goods leads to Cross fork truck and be sent to pre-transmission district 31, transmit to tearing panel 32 open, tear open panel 32 also comprise multiple be in same level and that This parallel cylinder, multiple cylinders are spaced equally and are connected on two set chains.

When goods is sent to tear open panel 32, tears disk body 2 open and tear disk body 2 open by vertical adjustment mechanism 22 regulation and exist relative to goods Position in vertical direction, vertical adjustment mechanism 22 comprises the motor that chain, gear and driving gear rotate, and framework 21 framework becomes Rectangle, two limits in vertical direction are provided with the roller 211 conflicted with frame 1, move up and down in framework 21 in frame 1 When, roller 211 1 aspect can guide the abrasion that on the one hand can avoid framework 21 and frame 1 direct friction and cause, Improve the service life of this equipment.

When tearing disk body 2 open and resting on suitably height, level(l)ing device 23 can regulate fork body 24 in framework 21 level Direction relative to position, level(l)ing device 23 comprise be connected in framework 21 connector 231, be connected on connector 231 Chute 232 and be connected to pitch on body 24, the slide block 233 that can slide on chute 232, slide block 233 is connected to motor and push rod, pushes away Bar under the driving of motor by slide block 233 release be allowed on chute 232 slide, fork body 24 can move in the horizontal direction thus Fork goods, goods is divided into naturally upper and lower two-layer.Now vertical adjustment mechanism 22 comes into operation, and vertical adjustment mechanism 22 comprises Gear that chain is connected with chain and motor, chain extends in vertical direction, is located in frame 1, and is connected with framework 21, electricity Machine driven gear rotates, and chain moves, and drives framework 21 to rise in vertical direction.Concave end in chute 232, two ends are protruding, It is being provided with protuberance 234 at the beginning of corresponding chute 232 middle-end recessed position on slide block 233, is preventing pitching body 24 and drive goods to send out when rising Raw landing, increases stability, and upper strata goods is pitched body 24 and forked rising, and lower floor's goods still rests on auxiliary and transmits in district 311, Multiple cylinders in now auxiliary transmission district 311 start to rotate, and are spread out of by lower floor's goods, and fork body 24 is at vertical adjustment mechanism 22 Driving lower decline, upper strata goods is shelved on auxiliary and transmits in district 311, cylinder stops operating, and repeats said process, then multilamellar goods Thing is just pulled down from level to level by this pallet unstacking and stacking machine.

When user needs goods lamination, it is possible to use this pallet unstacking and stacking machine, it is only necessary to adjust in above-mentioned steps vertical The flow process order of adjusting means 22, level(l)ing device 23 and transporter 3.

Claims (3)

1. a pallet unstacking and stacking machine, including stand on the frame (1) on ground and be located in described frame (1) can in vertical direction and What horizontal direction moved tears disk body (2) open, it is characterised in that tearing disk body (2) quantity described in: open is two, is arranged on described frame (1) On the medial wall of both sides, described in tear disk body (2) open and include framework (21), connect described framework (21) and described frame (1) and can adjust Save described framework (21) relative to described frame (1) position in vertical direction vertical adjustment mechanism (22), be used for moving The fork body (24) of goods and connect described fork body (24) and described framework (21) and described fork body (24) can be regulated in described framework (21) horizontal direction is relative to the level(l)ing device (23) of position, and this pallet unstacking and stacking machine also comprises and is connected to described frame (1) On, the transporter (3) that transmission direction is vertical with the moving direction of described level(l)ing device (23), described transporter (3) Tearing disk body (2) lower section described in being positioned at open, described level(l)ing device (23) comprises the connector being connected in described framework (21) (231), the chute (232) that is connected on described connector (231) and being connected on described fork body (24), can be at described chute (232) the upper slide block (233) slided, concave end in described chute (232), two ends are protruding, in corresponding institute on described slide block (233) Stating and be provided with protuberance (234) at the beginning of chute (232) middle-end recessed position, described transporter (3) is wrapped successively as before and after direction of transfer Tear panel (32) open containing pre-transmission district (31) and lamination, described lamination tear open panel (32) be positioned at described in tear open disk body (2) lower section correspondence Position, described pre-transmission district (31) comprises auxiliary and transmits district (311), is located at the operating space of described auxiliary transmission district (311) both sides (312) and be located at described operating space (312) away from described auxiliary transmit district (311) side main transmission district (313), described auxiliary Transmitting district (311) and described main transmission district (313) all comprises multiple cylinder being parallel to each other, described main transmission district (313) is also wrapped Containing the drive system driving described cylinder to rotate, described operating space (312) comprise steel plate.
A kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described transporter (3) comprises multiple Be parallel to each other and for same level multiple cylinders and drive described cylinder rotate drive system, the rolling of all odd-numbered lines Cylinder is commonly connected to a set of described drive system, and the cylinder of all even number lines is commonly connected to another set of described drive system.
A kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described framework (21) is rectangular, is hanging down Nogata two limits upwards are provided with the roller (211) conflicted with described frame (1).
CN201410243778.5A 2014-06-04 2014-06-04 A kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine CN103964216B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201410243778.5A CN103964216B (en) 2014-06-04 2014-06-04 A kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410243778.5A CN103964216B (en) 2014-06-04 2014-06-04 A kind of pallet unstacking and stacking machine

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CN103964216B true CN103964216B (en) 2016-08-17

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104960929B (en) * 2015-05-20 2017-04-26 杭州厚达自动化系统有限公司 Stacking mechanism for bottom supports of landing door packing containers
CN106144621A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-11-23 南通通机股份有限公司 A kind of novel double-motor drives automatic pallet machine

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CN101121468A (en) * 2007-09-15 2008-02-13 张家港市优希宏达机电厂 Automatic feeding device for elevator guide rail
CN102837972A (en) * 2012-09-14 2012-12-26 广东摩德娜科技股份有限公司 Novel automatic brick stacking device
CN202670759U (en) * 2012-05-09 2013-01-16 浙江工业大学 Automatic feeding device of pallets of stacking machine
CN203199683U (en) * 2013-02-21 2013-09-18 神农西古自动化设备(昆山)有限公司 Tray automatic separating and stacking machine
CN203938193U (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-11-12 湖州锐格物流科技有限公司 A kind of pallet is torn stacker open

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JPH08157066A (en) * 1994-12-01 1996-06-18 Chuo Giken:Kk Handling device for case
CN2825544Y (en) * 2005-08-30 2006-10-11 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Adjustable cleaning device
ES2350345B1 (en) * 2010-05-07 2011-09-22 Mecalux, S.A. Device for stacking / unpailing of empty pallets.

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101121468A (en) * 2007-09-15 2008-02-13 张家港市优希宏达机电厂 Automatic feeding device for elevator guide rail
CN202670759U (en) * 2012-05-09 2013-01-16 浙江工业大学 Automatic feeding device of pallets of stacking machine
CN102837972A (en) * 2012-09-14 2012-12-26 广东摩德娜科技股份有限公司 Novel automatic brick stacking device
CN203199683U (en) * 2013-02-21 2013-09-18 神农西古自动化设备(昆山)有限公司 Tray automatic separating and stacking machine
CN203938193U (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-11-12 湖州锐格物流科技有限公司 A kind of pallet is torn stacker open

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