CN103961921A - Robot device for automatically flushing conical sieve of recirculating aquaculture system - Google Patents

Robot device for automatically flushing conical sieve of recirculating aquaculture system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103961921A
CN103961921A CN201410200053.8A CN201410200053A CN103961921A CN 103961921 A CN103961921 A CN 103961921A CN 201410200053 A CN201410200053 A CN 201410200053A CN 103961921 A CN103961921 A CN 103961921A
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China
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motor
main
turbine
hydraulic giant
auxiliary
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CN201410200053.8A
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CN103961921B (en
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不公告发明人
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TAISHUN PAIYOU TECHNOLOGY SEVICE Co Ltd
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TAISHUN PAIYOU TECHNOLOGY SEVICE Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a robot device for automatically flushing a conical sieve of a recirculating aquaculture system. The robot device is characterized by comprising a support table, a high-pressure water gun, a horizontal water gun rotating mechanism, a longitudinal water gun swinging angle mechanism and an electric control system, wherein the horizontal water gun rotating mechanism comprises a main motor, a main turbine, a main worm, a plane bearing and an object stage; the longitudinal water gun swinging angle mechanism comprises an assistant motor, an assistant turbine, an assistant worm and a vertical fixed plate; the electric control system comprises a main motor driver, an assistant motor driver and a two-way controller. The robot device can automatically flush the conical sieve of the recirculating aquaculture system. The robot device eliminates sewage on the sieve surface while greatly improving the effect of flushing sewage accumulated in sieve seams, thus enhancing the overall efficiency of purification treatment for aquaculture water. The device is conveniently mounted and maintained and is suitable for popularization and application.

Description

Circulating water culture system conical screen auto-flushing machine people device
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture water-treatment technology field, relate in particular to a kind of robot device for the conical filter sieve of circulating water culture system auto-flushing.
Background technology
Development industrial aquaculture is significant to the aquatic products supply of China's tens00000000 populations.Ecological pollution surrounding enviroment being caused in order to reduce cultivation excreta, closed circulation water breeding way is carried out by China.This breeding way, by the purified treatment of strengthening breeding water body, when realizing aquaculture water recycling, gets up excreta collection and is converted into organic fertilizer.It is an important step in circulating water culture system that excreta filters.Adopting sieve bend to remove aquaculture water solid particulate matter is a kind of common method.Its operation principle is: the water of culturing pool is sent to filtering ponds by overflow pipe, up overflow, more peritropous sieve bend comes down in torrents down from filtering ponds central bottom, and current flow to clarifier-tank after sieving seam by sieve bend, are recycled; Solid particle along sieve bend surface by current sluicing to sewage sump, be convenient to reclaim.The sieve gap that sieve bend is conventional is 0.25mm, can effectively remove the solid suspension that approximately 80% particle diameter is greater than 70 microns, has the advantages such as simple in structure, cost is low, compare with rotary drum Microfilter, and without extra machine power, good energy-conserving effect.Major defect is the surperficial solid particulate matter of easily piling up greater particle size of sieve bend, causes the obstruction of sieve seam, when cultivation load is higher, must frequently rinse.
For this reason, patent " sieve bend filtering device for aquaculture " (patent No. 201020601464.5) proposes a kind of automatic flushing device.This device is comprised of cleaning brush and drive unit, and the bottom surface of cleaning brush is consistent with sieve bend and sewage sump inner surface configuration, and drive unit regularly drives cleaning brush along continuous straight runs to be parallel to sieve bend and moves back and forth, and removes the contamination of sieve bend wire side.This device major defect is, cleaning brush can not be removed the contamination in sieve seam, and after sieve seam stops up, current can be lost to sewage sump from compass screen surface equally.
Summary of the invention
For existing circulating water culture system sieve bend filter, can not remove contamination problem in sieve seam, the present invention is directed to the conical filter tank of a kind of circulating water culture system, the robot device of a kind of energy auto-flushing sieves compass screen surface and sieve seam contamination is provided.
The conical filter tank of a kind of circulating water culture system the present invention relates to, by inside and outside two concentric ponds, formed, aquaculture water up overflows from the intake tunnel between inside and outside pond by overflow pipe, inwardly pond conical screen comes down in torrents down again, when the sieve of conical screen stitches when unobstructed, current flow to clarifier-tank by the outlet under conical screen, are recycled; When the sieve of conical screen sews dirt obstruction, current just flow to the dirty mouth of collection in the middle of interior pond along conical screen surface.For avoiding the sieve seam of conical screen to stop up, must implement timing automatic flushing to conical screen.
Technical solutions according to the invention are: circulating water culture system conical screen auto-flushing machine people device, is characterized in that: comprise brace table, giant, hydraulic giant rotation mechanism in vertical shaft, the longitudinal swinging mechanism of hydraulic giant and electric-control system; Described hydraulic giant rotation mechanism in vertical shaft comprises main motor, main turbine, main worm screw, plane bearing and objective table; The longitudinal swinging mechanism of described hydraulic giant comprises auxiliary-motor, secondary turbine, secondary worm screw and vertical fixed head; Described electric-control system comprises the devices such as main motor driver, auxiliary-motor driver, dual channel controller.
Further, the main motor of described hydraulic giant rotation mechanism in vertical shaft connects with described main worm screw by shaft coupling, described main worm screw and described main turbine mesh by gear, described main turbine is placed on described plane bearing, described plane bearing is placed on described brace table, and described objective table is bolted on described main turbine.
Further, the auxiliary-motor of the longitudinal pivot angle structure of described hydraulic giant connects with described secondary worm screw by shaft coupling, described secondary worm screw and described secondary turbine mesh by gear, and described secondary turbine is placed on described vertical fixed head, and described giant is arranged on secondary turbine outer surface.
Further, described main motor and auxiliary-motor are 24V stepper motor, described master driver is connected with described main motor, and described secondary driver is connected with described auxiliary-motor, and described master driver and secondary driver are carried out rotating speed and turned to control by a dual channel controller.
Job step: (1) system powers on and hydraulic giant water spray: after water pump powers on, current spray from hydraulic giant nozzle, regulate hydraulic giant nozzle, and water column is focused on conical screen compared with small size, one side to the dirty mouthful detrusion of collection, is carried out brute force dredging to sieve aperture by bulky grain dirt on compass screen surface on the other hand.
(2) the horizontal forward of hydraulic giant: after dual channel controller powers on, first to main motor, send forward step-by-step impulse, main motor drives main turbine rotation by main worm screw, the hydraulic giant that makes objective table and install above, around main turbine center rotating, is strafed along horizontal circumference on conical screen surface thereby realize water column.The pulse frequency that water column moving speed is sent by dual channel controller is controlled.
(3) hydraulic giant is longitudinally along pendulum: when hydraulic giant water column has been strafed one week, main motor stops operating, and dual channel controller sends forward step-by-step impulse to auxiliary-motor, and auxiliary-motor drives angle of secondary turbine rotation by secondary worm screw, makes hydraulic giant longitudinally along an angle of pendulum.The umber of pulse that pivot angle size is sent by dual channel controller determines.
(4) hydraulic giant horizontal inversion: after the longitudinal pivot angle of hydraulic giant completes, auxiliary-motor stops operating, dual channel controller sends reversion step-by-step impulse to main motor, main motor drives main turbine to reverse by main worm screw, the hydraulic giant that makes objective table and install is above around main turbine center reversion, thereby realize on water column moves down a spacing horizontal circumference on conical screen surface, oppositely strafes.
(5) hydraulic giant is again longitudinally along pendulum: when hydraulic giant water column has oppositely been strafed one week, main motor stops operating, dual channel controller sends forward step-by-step impulse to auxiliary-motor, and auxiliary-motor drives secondary turbine to continue a clockwise angle by secondary worm screw, and hydraulic giant is longitudinally continued along an angle of pendulum.If hydraulic giant water column does not also arrive conical screen bottom, continue to rinse, return to step (2); Otherwise, execution step (6).
(6) hydraulic giant is longitudinally against pendulum: after conical screen flushing work completes, main motor stops operating, and dual channel controller sends reversion step-by-step impulse to auxiliary-motor, secondary turbine reversion, and hydraulic giant returns to initial position, final system power-off.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is embodied in: can realize the auto-flushing that follows bad water cultivating system conical screen, when removing compass screen surface dirt, greatly improved the developing result of contamination in sieve seam, improved the overall efficiency of aquaculture water purified treatment, device installation, easy to maintenance, is applicable to applying.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure schematic top plan view in the conical filter tank of a kind of circulating water culture system that the present invention relates to.
Fig. 2 is the A-A generalized section in the conical filter tank of a kind of circulating water culture system that the present invention relates to.
Fig. 3 is the device organigram the present invention relates to.
Fig. 4 is the device structure schematic top plan view the present invention relates to.
Fig. 5 is the electric-control system schematic diagram the present invention relates to.
Fig. 6 is that the hydraulic giant water column that the present invention relates to is at the motion track figure on conical screen surface.
In figure, the outer pond of 1-; Pond in 2-; 3-conical screen; 4-brace table; 5-robot device; 6-water inlet; The outlet of 7-filtered water; Dirty mouthful of 8-collection; 50-objective table; The vertical fixed head of 51-; The main turbine of 52-; 53-plane bearing; The main worm screw of 54-; The main motor of 55-; The secondary turbine of 56-; The secondary worm screw of 57-; 58-auxiliary-motor; 59-giant; The main motor driver of 91-; 92-auxiliary-motor driver; 93-dual channel controller.
The specific embodiment
For the conical filter tank of the circulating water culture system shown in Fig. 1,2, the invention provides the robot device of a kind of energy auto-flushing sieves compass screen surface and sieve seam contamination.2 two the concentric ponds in the conical You Wai pond 1, filter tank of this circulating water culture system and interior pond form, aquaculture water up overflows from the water inlet 6 between inside and outside pond by overflow pipe, inwardly pond 2 conical screens 3 come down in torrents down again, when the sieve of conical screen 3 stitches when unobstructed, current flow to clarifier-tank by the outlet 7 under conical screen 3, are recycled; When the sieve of conical screen 3 sews dirt obstruction, current just flow to the dirty mouth 8 of collection in the middle of interior pond 2 along conical screen 3 surfaces.For avoiding the sieve seam of conical screen 3 to stop up, must implement timing automatic flushing to conical screen 3.
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
With reference to accompanying drawing 3 ~ 6, a kind of circulating water culture system conical screen auto-flushing machine people device, comprises brace table 4, giant 59, hydraulic giant rotation mechanism in vertical shaft, the longitudinal swinging mechanism of hydraulic giant and electric-control system; Described hydraulic giant rotation mechanism in vertical shaft comprises main motor 55, main turbine 52, main worm screw 54, plane bearing 53 and objective table 50; The longitudinal swinging mechanism of described hydraulic giant comprises auxiliary-motor 58, secondary turbine 56, secondary worm screw 57 and vertical fixed head 51; Described electric-control system comprises the devices such as main motor driver 91, auxiliary-motor driver 92, dual channel controller 93.
Further, the main motor 55 of described hydraulic giant rotation mechanism in vertical shaft connects with described main worm screw 54 by shaft coupling, described main worm screw 54 meshes by gear with described main turbine 52, described main turbine 52 is placed on described plane bearing 53, described plane bearing 53 is placed on described brace table 4, and described objective table 50 is bolted on described main turbine 52.
Further, the auxiliary-motor 58 of the described longitudinal swinging mechanism of hydraulic giant connects with described secondary worm screw 57 by shaft coupling, described secondary worm screw 57 meshes by gear with described secondary turbine 56, described secondary turbine 56 is placed on described vertical fixed head 51, and described giant 59 is arranged on secondary turbine 56 surfaces.
Further, described main motor 55 and auxiliary-motor 58 are 24V stepper motor, described main motor driver 91 is connected with described main motor 55, described auxiliary-motor driver 92 is connected with described auxiliary-motor 58, and described main motor driver 91 and auxiliary-motor driver 92 are carried out rotating speed and turned to control by a dual channel controller 93.
Embodiment job step: (1) system powers on and hydraulic giant water spray: after water pump powers on, current are from hydraulic giant 59 nozzle ejections, regulate hydraulic giant nozzle, water column is focused on conical screen 3 compared with small size, one side to dirty mouthful 8 detrusions of collection, is carried out brute force dredging to sieve aperture by bulky grain dirt on compass screen surface on the other hand.
(2) the horizontal forward of hydraulic giant: after dual channel controller 93 powers on, first to main motor 55, send forward step-by-step impulse, main motor 55 drives main turbine 52 to rotate by main worm screw 54, the hydraulic giant 59 that makes objective table 50 and install above, around main turbine 52 center rotatings, is strafed along horizontal circumference on conical screen 3 surfaces thereby realize water column.The pulse frequency that water column moving speed is sent by dual channel controller 93 is controlled.
(3) hydraulic giant is longitudinally along pendulum: when hydraulic giant water column has been strafed one week, main motor 55 stops operating, dual channel controller 93 sends forward step-by-step impulse to auxiliary-motor 58, and auxiliary-motor 58 drives secondary turbine 56 to rotate an angle by secondary worm screw 57, makes hydraulic giant 59 longitudinally along an angle of pendulum.The umber of pulse that pivot angle size is sent by dual channel controller 93 determines.
(4) hydraulic giant horizontal inversion: after the longitudinal pivot angle of hydraulic giant 59 completes, auxiliary-motor 58 stops operating, dual channel controller 93 sends reversion step-by-step impulse to main motor 55, main motor 55 drives main turbine 52 reversions by main worm screw 54, the hydraulic giant 59 that makes objective table 50 and install is above around the 52 centers reversions of main turbine, thereby realize on water column moves down a spacing horizontal circumference on conical screen 3 surfaces, oppositely strafes.
(5) hydraulic giant is again longitudinally along pendulum: when hydraulic giant water column has oppositely been strafed one week, main motor 55 stops operating, dual channel controller 93 sends forward step-by-step impulse to auxiliary-motor 58, auxiliary-motor 58 drives secondary turbine 56 to continue a clockwise angle by secondary worm screw 57, and hydraulic giant 59 is longitudinally continued along an angle of pendulum.If hydraulic giant water column does not also arrive conical screen 3 bottoms, continue to rinse, return to step (2); Otherwise, execution step (6).
(6) hydraulic giant is longitudinally against pendulum: after conical screen 3 flushing work complete, main motor 55 stops operating, and dual channel controller 93 sends reversion step-by-step impulse to auxiliary-motor 58, secondary turbine 56 reversions, and hydraulic giant 59 returns to initial position, final system power-off.
Content described in this description embodiment is only enumerating the way of realization of inventive concept; protection scope of the present invention should not be regarded as only limiting to the concrete form that embodiment states, protection scope of the present invention also and in those skilled in the art, according to the present invention, conceive the equivalent technologies means that can expect.

Claims (4)

1. circulating water culture system conical screen auto-flushing machine people device, is characterized in that: comprise brace table, giant, hydraulic giant rotation mechanism in vertical shaft, the longitudinal swinging mechanism of hydraulic giant and electric-control system; Described hydraulic giant rotation mechanism in vertical shaft comprises main motor, main turbine, main worm screw, plane bearing and objective table; The longitudinal swinging mechanism of described hydraulic giant comprises auxiliary-motor, secondary turbine, secondary worm screw and vertical fixed head; Described electric-control system comprises the devices such as main motor driver, auxiliary-motor driver, dual channel controller.
2. circulating water culture system conical screen auto-flushing machine people device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described main turbine is placed on described plane bearing, described plane bearing is placed on described brace table, and described objective table is bolted on described main turbine.
3. circulating water culture system conical screen auto-flushing machine people device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described secondary turbine is placed on described vertical fixed head, and described giant is arranged in secondary turbine surfaces.
4. circulating water culture system conical screen auto-flushing machine people device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described main motor and auxiliary-motor are stepper motor, described master driver is connected with described main motor, described secondary driver is connected with described auxiliary-motor, and described master driver and secondary driver are carried out rotating speed and turned to control by a dual channel controller.
CN201410200053.8A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Circulating water culture system conical screen auto-flushing machine people device Expired - Fee Related CN103961921B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104914903A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-16 广西钦州保税港区欧博科技开发有限公司 Intelligent cage culture system and use method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2131892Y (en) * 1992-07-23 1993-05-05 扬森 Reciprocative flusher
FI96386B (en) * 1991-07-10 1996-03-15 Thermo Fibertek Inc A filtering device
CN102029084A (en) * 2010-11-11 2011-04-27 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Sieve bend filtering device for aquaculture
CN102657968A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-09-12 广东海洋大学 Arc screen filtering equipment capable of being automatically cleaned
CN102921210A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Unpowered automatic back-flushing screening device for culture water treatment
CN103691671A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-04-02 大连海洋大学 Automatic cleaning device of arc sieve
CN203829749U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-09-17 泰顺派友科技服务有限公司 Practical robot device for automatically washing taper screen of recirculating aquaculture system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FI96386B (en) * 1991-07-10 1996-03-15 Thermo Fibertek Inc A filtering device
CN2131892Y (en) * 1992-07-23 1993-05-05 扬森 Reciprocative flusher
CN102029084A (en) * 2010-11-11 2011-04-27 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Sieve bend filtering device for aquaculture
CN102657968A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-09-12 广东海洋大学 Arc screen filtering equipment capable of being automatically cleaned
CN102921210A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Unpowered automatic back-flushing screening device for culture water treatment
CN103691671A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-04-02 大连海洋大学 Automatic cleaning device of arc sieve
CN203829749U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-09-17 泰顺派友科技服务有限公司 Practical robot device for automatically washing taper screen of recirculating aquaculture system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104914903A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-16 广西钦州保税港区欧博科技开发有限公司 Intelligent cage culture system and use method
CN104914903B (en) * 2015-06-19 2017-05-31 广西钦州保税港区欧博科技开发有限公司 A kind of intelligent cage culture system and application method

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