CN103925705B - A kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler - Google Patents

A kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler Download PDF

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CN103925705B
CN103925705B CN201410182396.6A CN201410182396A CN103925705B CN 103925705 B CN103925705 B CN 103925705B CN 201410182396 A CN201410182396 A CN 201410182396A CN 103925705 B CN103925705 B CN 103925705B
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photovoltaic
power generating
bottom
electric power
heat collector
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CN201410182396.6A
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CN103925705A (en
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贾虎
袁银梅
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安徽工业大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler, belong to technical field of solar utilization technique.The present invention includes body of heater, top photovoltaic electrification component, splash guard, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector, heat transfer plate, thermo-electric generation sheet, heat transfer alloy block, solenoid, temperature control and water-control device, lower magnetic valve, upper level sensor, lower level sensor hold concurrently temperature sensor, water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, top photovoltaic electrification component and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector lay respectively at top and the bottom of body of heater, thermo-electric generation sheet is also provided with, all for solar energy power generating between bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector and body of heater; Body of heater bottom center place heat transfer alloy block replaces the core of bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector, to water heating in boiler.The present invention can make solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system combine, and protects the solar battery sheet not fatigue damage by the irradiation of solar cooker focal point long term high temperature.

Description

A kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of solar utilization technique, more particularly, relate to a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler.

Background technology

Along with the scarcity day by day of fossil energy, the development of new forms of energy, regenerative resource obtains the attention of people day by day.Solar energy is inexhaustible, and solar energy power generating becomes the technical field of new energies that various countries give priority to.The principle of regular solar photovoltaic cell capable of generating power is that sunshine is irradiated on photovoltaic cell through cover plate and EVA, photovoltaic cell absorb through solar energy after, change out electric energy less than 20%, all the other convert heat to, absorbed by battery component, finally scatter and disappear in atmosphere.If can not be used, cause larger waste on the one hand, heat can be made cell panel temperature raise by photovoltaic module absorption on the other hand, shortens the life-span of battery component while reducing generating efficiency.

In prior art, have and the correlation technique of secondary utilization is carried out openly to solar energy remaining in photovoltaic generation, as China Patent No.: 201120070039.2, authorize day: on November 30th, 2011, patent name: high concentration solar photovoltaic/photo, this patent comprises a bin arrays, bin arrays is made up of multiple box concentration solar generating unit, high power solar energy condenser lens is equipped with on the top of concentration solar generating unit, concentrating solar battery sheet is equipped with in the bottom of concentration solar generating unit, under concentrating solar battery sheet, metal conducting strip is housed, semiconductor heat temperature-difference power generation module is housed under metal conducting strip, semiconductor heat temperature-difference power generation module is connected with fin or refrigerating module, heat on concentrating solar battery sheet will be transmitted to fin or refrigerating module by semiconductor heat temperature-difference power generation module, just temperature difference is had like this in the hot junction of semiconductor heat temperature-difference power generation module and cold junction, converting heat will be electric energy by semiconductor heat temperature-difference power generation module, the program improves the utilization rate of photovoltaic power generation apparatus to solar energy to a certain extent, but sunshine is through always there being a point to be focal point after high power solar energy condenser lens, focal point extreme temperatures, high temperature long-term irradiation is on solar battery sheet, solar battery sheet can be damaged.

Follow the trend of national policy, civilian solar photovoltaic generation system will become common ordinary electrical home appliance.But at present, general user needs to utilize solar energy to generate electricity simultaneously and produce hot water, then install two cover systems: solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system.The cost that two cover systems need is higher, differs meet the demand of user surely when erection space is limited.Name is called that high concentration solar photovoltaic/photo can not meet this demand, requires further improvement.

In existing public technology, also Patents is had to disclose scheme solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system combined, as number of patent application: 200810045303.X, the applying date: on January 29th, 2008, patent name: cogeneration solar boiler, the solar panel of photovoltaic generation is become cogeneration solar boiler with the heat sink connected combination of solar thermal utilization product by this application case.This boiler utilizes the part that can be directly changed into electric energy in solar irradiation energy to convert electric energy on the one hand, carries out heat energy utilization on the other hand to remainder.While this application case improves the efficiency of light energy utilization to a certain extent, solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system are combined, but this combination is simple mechanical combination, the not cost of minimizing two cover system, and this CHP boiler floor space is comparatively large, can not meet the demand that most of user installation area is less.

In order to further improve the utilization rate of solar energy, in limited area, solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system are combined simultaneously, inventor herein attempts the solar photovoltaic assembly with thermo-electric generation sheet to be connected in below boiler, and be placed in above solar cooker by boiler, but also meet focal point temperature too high (600-1000 DEG C can be reached) in an experiment thus the problem of damage solar photovoltaic assembly.Afterwards, through certain experimentation, inventor herein has abandoned the material improving photovoltaic module, creatively the center of the solar photovoltaic assembly of boiler bottom is replaced to heat transfer alloy block, solve and thirst for solving the difficult problem but do not succeeded always, and in invention process, inventor also finds that the use of heat transfer alloy block makes boiler efficiency when utilizing solar energy to manufacture hot water higher, achieves unexpected effect.

Summary of the invention

1. invent the technical problem that will solve

The object of the invention is to overcome solar energy utilization ratio not high, and the deficiency that solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system can not be organically combined, provide a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler.Adopt technical scheme of the present invention; solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system are combined; and when utilizing solar cooker to improve solar energy utilization ratio, protect the solar battery sheet not fatigue damage by the irradiation of solar cooker focal point long term high temperature.

2. technical scheme

For achieving the above object, technical scheme provided by the invention is:

A kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present invention, comprise body of heater, also comprise top photovoltaic electrification component, splash guard, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector, heat transfer plate, thermo-electric generation sheet, heat transfer alloy block, solenoid, temperature control and water-control device, lower magnetic valve, upper level sensor, lower level sensor hold concurrently temperature sensor, water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, wherein: described top photovoltaic electrification component is positioned at body of heater top, described top photovoltaic electrification component comprises top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate, top photovoltaic electrification component outer rim, top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA, top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet and top photovoltaic electrification component backboard, the below of described top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate is equipped with top photovoltaic electrification component and fills EVA, this top photovoltaic electrification component is filled in EVA and is provided with top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet, above-mentioned top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, described top photovoltaic electrification component backboard is positioned at the below that top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA, above-mentioned top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate, top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA, top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet, top photovoltaic electrification component backboard is fixed by top photovoltaic electrification component outer rim lamination, described splash guard barrier is between top photovoltaic electrification component backboard and body of heater, described body of heater bottom is fastenedly connected nail by one and is fastened in it by heat transfer alloy block heart place, described body of heater bottom is equally distributedly fastenedly connected nail successively by thermo-electric generation sheet by four, heat transfer plate, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector is fixed on the outside of body of heater bottom layer by layer, above-mentioned thermo-electric generation sheet, heat transfer plate, heat-conducting glue is equipped with between the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector of bottom, and thermo-electric generation sheet, heat transfer plate, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector is ring-type, be wrapped on heat transfer alloy block lateral wall, above-mentioned thermo-electric generation sheet is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector comprises bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector outer rim, frame in the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector of bottom, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector glass cover-plate, the top of described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector glass cover-plate is equipped with bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector and fills EVA, bottom this, photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector is filled in EVA and is provided with bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet, above-mentioned bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard is positioned at the top that bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA, above-mentioned bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard is fixed by frame lamination in bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector outer rim and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector, described water inlet pipe is connected to above sidewall of the furnace body by solenoid, described outlet pipe is drawn below sidewall of the furnace body by lower magnetic valve, described upper level sensor and lower level sensor temperature sensor of holding concurrently all is positioned at furnace interior, and upper level sensor is positioned at the top of body of heater, lower level sensor temperature sensor of holding concurrently is positioned at the bottom of body of heater, and above-mentioned solenoid, lower magnetic valve, upper level sensor, lower level sensor temperature sensor of holding concurrently is connected with water-control device with temperature control respectively.

Further, the top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet quantity in described top photovoltaic electrification component is 7, adopts series system to connect; Bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet quantity in described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector is 6, adopts series system to connect; In described thermo-electric generation sheet, generating sheet quantity is 20,10 one group series connection, two groups of Parallel opertation.

Further, the described nail that is fastenedly connected comprises skull portion and nail tip portion, and its skull portion is in the bottom of body of heater, and nail tip portion nail is in the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard of bottom.

Further, the lateral wall of described body of heater wraps up a foamed thermal insulating layer, and this foamed thermal insulating layer is fixed on body of heater periphery by aluminium foil crust.

3. beneficial effect

Adopt technical scheme provided by the invention, compared with prior art, there is following remarkable result:

(1) a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present invention, during use, solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler is fixed on above light concentration type solar cooker, the top and bottom of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler is respectively arranged with top photovoltaic electrification component and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector, top photovoltaic electrification component directly absorbs solar energy, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector absorbs the solar energy from light concentration type solar cooker reflection, because the area of light concentration type solar cooker is larger, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector absorbs the better effects if of solar energy than top photovoltaic electrification component, solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler can absorb solar energy very fully in limited floor space, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector and solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler bottom are provided with thermo-electric generation sheet and heat transfer plate again, and thermo-electric generation sheet, heat transfer plate, be all equipped with heat-conducting glue between the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector of bottom, what make the solar energy highly effective rate absorbed is used to generating.

(2) a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present invention, top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet quantity in the photovoltaic electrification component of top is 7, employing series system connects, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet quantity in the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector of bottom is 6, employing series system connects, top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet are more evenly distributed, more rationally, improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic electrification component; In thermo-electric generation sheet, generating sheet quantity is 20, and 10 one group series connection, two groups of Parallel opertation, namely provide higher output voltage, also provide relatively large output current.

(3) a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present invention, heat transfer alloy block is arranged at photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector ring center place, bottom, the focal point of light concentration type solar cooker just, under standard solar irradiation, focal point temperature can reach 600-1000 DEG C, on the one hand the solar battery sheet center alloy block that conducted heat replaces, and eliminates long term high temperature and irradiates, protect solar battery sheet and be not damaged; On the other hand, the heat that solar cooker can be collected reflection by heat transfer alloy block effectively transmits, and be used for carrying out high-efficiency heating to the water in solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler, the comprehensive utilization ratio of solar energy is greatly improved.

(4) a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present invention, furnace interior manufactures hot water by heat transfer alloy block, top and bottom is respectively arranged with top photovoltaic electrification component and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector, under the prerequisite of efficiency utilization rate ensureing solar energy, organically solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system are combined, floor space is less, and workability is strong.

(5) a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present invention, principle is simple, reasonable in design, has good value.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the top photovoltaic electrification component side view in the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the top photovoltaic electrification component top view in the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the polycrystalline substance side view of a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler in the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector top view in the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the bottom thermo-electric generation sheet connection layout in the present invention.

Label declaration in schematic diagram:

1-1, body of heater; 1-2, top photovoltaic electrification component; 1-3, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector; 1-4, thermo-electric generation sheet; 1-5, heat transfer alloy block; 1-6, solenoid; 1-7, temperature control and water-control device; 1-8, lower magnetic valve; 1-9, upper level sensor; 1-10, lower level sensor are held concurrently temperature sensor; 1-11, water inlet pipe; 1-12, outlet pipe; 1-13, be fastenedly connected nail; 1-14, splash guard; 1-15, heat transfer plate; 1-16, aluminium foil crust; 1-17, foamed thermal insulating layer; 1-2-1, top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate; 1-2-2, top photovoltaic electrification component outer rim; 1-2-3, top photovoltaic electrification component fill EVA; 1-2-4, top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet; 1-2-5, top photovoltaic electrification component backboard; 1-3-1, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector outer rim; Frame in 1-3-2, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector; 1-3-3, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet; 1-3-4, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fill EVA; 1-3-5, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard; 1-3-6, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector glass cover-plate.

Detailed description of the invention

For understanding content of the present invention further, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.

Embodiment 1

By reference to the accompanying drawings, a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present embodiment comprises body of heater 1-1, top photovoltaic electrification component 1-2, splash guard 1-14, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3, heat transfer plate 1-15, thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4, heat transfer alloy block 1-5, solenoid 1-6, temperature control and water-control device 1-7, lower magnetic valve 1-8, upper level sensor 1-9, lower level sensor holds concurrently temperature sensor 1-10, water inlet pipe 1-11 and outlet pipe 1-12 (as shown in Figure 1).Wherein: described top photovoltaic electrification component 1-2 is positioned at body of heater 1-1 top, directly absorb solar energy, described top photovoltaic electrification component 1-2 comprises top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate 1-2-1, top photovoltaic electrification component outer rim 1-2-2, top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA1-2-3, top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet 1-2-4 and top photovoltaic electrification component backboard 1-2-5 (as shown in Figure 2), the below of described top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate 1-2-1 is equipped with top photovoltaic electrification component and fills EVA1-2-3, this top photovoltaic electrification component is filled in EVA1-2-3 and is provided with top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet 1-2-4, above-mentioned top solar battery sheet 1-2-4 is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, convert the solar energy that top photovoltaic electrification component 1-2 absorbs to electrical power storage get up or be used for load, described top photovoltaic electrification component backboard 1-2-5 is positioned at the below that top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA1-2-3, above-mentioned top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate 1-2-1, top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA1-2-3, top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet 1-2-4, top photovoltaic electrification component backboard 1-2-5 is fixed by top photovoltaic electrification component outer rim 1-2-2 lamination, top photovoltaic electrification component 1-2 is made to form a stable entirety, maintain easily replacing, described splash guard 1-14 barrier is between top photovoltaic electrification component backboard 1-2-5 and body of heater 1-1, and splash guard 1-14 enters after can preventing the water spill-over in solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler from going out in top light volt electrification component 1-2.Described body of heater 1-1 bottom is fastenedly connected nail 1-13 by one and is fastened in it by heat transfer alloy block 1-5 heart place, 1-13 are followed closely successively by thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4 by four equally distributed being fastenedly connected in described body of heater 1-1 bottom, heat transfer plate 1-15, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 is fixed on the outside of body of heater 1-1 bottom layer by layer, the described nail 1-13 that is fastenedly connected comprises skull portion and nail tip portion, its skull portion is in the bottom of body of heater 1-1, seal with high-temperature resistant rubber, nail tip portion nail is in the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard 1-3-5 of bottom, high-temperature resistant rubber makes to be fastenedly connected the water in nail 1-13 and solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler and temperature isolation, ensure the service life being fastenedly connected nail 1-13, thus prevent bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 and heat transfer alloy block 1-5 from coming off from body of heater 1-1 bottom.Heat transfer alloy block 1-5 in the present embodiment not only will ensure certain heat transfer efficiency, and to ensure, under the hot conditions of 600-1000 DEG C, there is good elevated temperature strength, the alloy compositions (mass percent) of the heat transfer alloy block 1-5 in the present embodiment is: carbon 0.12%, silicon 0.36%, phosphorus 0.02%, sulphur 0.04%, chromium 23%, nickel 22%, molybdenum 0.12%, niobium 1.6%, aluminium 0.14%, manganese 0.56%, copper 4%, neodymium 0.08%, samarium 0.04%, all the other are iron, ensure that the heat transfer efficiency of heat transfer alloy block 1-5 and have excellent heat-resistant deforming performance.

Bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 comprises bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector outer rim 1-3-1, frame 1-3-2 in the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector of bottom, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet 1-3-3, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA1-3-4, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard 1-3-5 and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector glass cover-plate 1-3-6 (as shown in Figure 4), the top of described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector glass cover-plate 1-3-6 is equipped with bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector and fills EVA1-3-4, bottom this, photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector is filled in EVA1-3-4 and is provided with bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet 1-3-3, above-mentioned bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet 1-3-3 is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, convert the solar energy that bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 absorbs to electrical power storage get up or be used for load, described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard 1-3-5 is positioned at the top that bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA1-3-4, above-mentioned bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard 1-3-5, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA1-3-4, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet 1-3-3, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard 1-3-5 is fixed by frame 1-3-2 lamination in bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector outer rim 1-3-1 and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 is made to form a stable entirety, maintain easily replacing, described thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4 is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, and thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4 can utilize the temperature difference of bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard 1-3-5 and body of heater 1-1 bottom to generate electricity further, and electrical power storage is got up or be used for load, described thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4, heat transfer plate 1-15, heat-conducting glue is equipped with between the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 of bottom, and thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4, heat transfer plate 1-15, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 is ring-type, be wrapped on heat transfer alloy block 1-5 lateral wall, heat conduction glue-line in the present embodiment all adopts strong viscosity heat conductive silica gel STARS-922, good heat conduction effect and evenly, the setting of heat transfer plate 1-15 and heat-conducting glue, the high temperature of bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard 1-3-5 and the low temperature of body of heater 1-1 bottom is made to be passed to the two ends of thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4 timely, the recuperation of heat of low loss has impelled high efficiency secondary Solar use.In the present embodiment specific operation process, need and light concentration type solar cooker with the use of, a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler of the present embodiment is fixed on the top of light concentration type solar cooker, the sunshine of light concentration type solar cooker reflection is the basic solar energy source of bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3, and light concentration type solar cooker focus is at the bottom center portion of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler, under standard solar irradiation, temperature can reach 600-1000 DEG C, exceed the tolerable temperature of bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 and thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4, the alloy block 1-5 that herein conducts heat is arranged on body of heater 1-1 bottom center place cleverly, in the present embodiment, heat transfer alloy block 1-5 adopts resistance to temperature alloy, resistance to temperature alloy accepts this portion temperature, on the one hand photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 center, the bottom alloy block 1-5 that conducted heat replaces, eliminate long term high temperature to irradiate, protect bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 not to be damaged, on the other hand, the heat that solar cooker can be collected reflection by heat transfer alloy block 1-5 effectively transmits, and be used for carrying out high-efficiency heating to the water in body of heater 1-1, the comprehensive utilization ratio of solar energy is greatly improved.

Top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet 1-2-4 quantity in described top photovoltaic electrification component 1-2 is 7, adopts series system to connect (as shown in Figure 3); Bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet 1-3-3 quantity in described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 is 6, series system is adopted to connect (as shown in Figure 5), top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet 1-2-4 and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet 1-3-3 is more evenly distributed, more rationally, improves the generating efficiency of photovoltaic electrification component; In described thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4, generating sheet quantity is 20, and 10 one group series connection, two groups of Parallel opertation (as shown in Figure 6), namely provide higher output voltage, also provide relatively large output current.

Water inlet pipe 1-11 in the present embodiment is connected to above body of heater 1-1 sidewall by solenoid 1-6, solenoid 1-6 controls the circulation of water inlet pipe 1-11 with closed, described outlet pipe 1-12 is drawn below body of heater 1-1 sidewall by lower magnetic valve 1-8, lower magnetic valve 1-8 controls the circulation of outlet pipe 1-12 with closed, described upper level sensor 1-9 and lower level sensor are held concurrently, and to be all positioned at body of heater 1-1 inner for temperature sensor 1-10, and upper level sensor 1-9 is positioned at the top of body of heater 1-1, the lower level sensor temperature sensor 1-10 that holds concurrently is positioned at the bottom of body of heater 1-1, above-mentioned solenoid 1-6, lower magnetic valve 1-8, upper level sensor 1-9, the lower level sensor temperature sensor 1-10 that holds concurrently is connected with water-control device 1-7 with temperature control respectively, the lateral wall of described body of heater 1-1 wraps up a foamed thermal insulating layer 1-17, and this foamed thermal insulating layer 1-17 is fixed on body of heater 1-1 periphery (again as shown in Figure 1) by aluminium foil crust 1-16, heat transfer alloy block 1-5 heats the water of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler internal, foamed thermal insulating layer 1-17 and aluminium foil crust 1-16 synchronously can be incubated the water of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler internal, instantly level sensor is held concurrently after water temperature that temperature sensor 1-10 detects in solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler reaches certain value, temperature control and water-control device 1-7 control lower magnetic valve 1-8 and open, hot water is flowed out by outlet pipe 1-12 and is injected in insulation sump 7, solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation water level in the boiler constantly declines, until to hold concurrently temperature sensor 1-10 place lower than lower level sensor, the signal detected continues to pass to temperature control and water-control device 1-7 by the lower level sensor temperature sensor 1-10 that holds concurrently, temperature control and water-control device 1-7 control lower magnetic valve 1-8 and close and control solenoid 1-6 simultaneously and open, water inlet pipe 1-11 starts to put cold water into, when water level rises to the height at upper level sensor 1-9 place, temperature control and water-control device 1-7 start and control solenoid 1-6 and close, discharge water end, solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler enters heated condition again.

In the present embodiment, top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet 1-2-4, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet 1-3-3 and thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4 are all connected with a set of photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, by the solar energy absorbed or utilize heat difference to convert electrical power storage to get up or be used for load, a set of photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit controls multiple photovoltaic power generation apparatus simultaneously, improves the utilization rate of photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit greatly, top photovoltaic electrification component 1-2 is connected in the top of body of heater 1-1, solar cell with thermo-electric generation sheet 1-4 is connected in the below of body of heater 1-1, and solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler is placed in above solar cooker, the common use of solar cooker and multiple photovoltaic electrification component, substantially increase the comprehensive utilization ratio of solar energy, and heat transfer alloy block 1-5 is arranged at photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 center, bottom, more high efficiency to the water heating in body of heater 1-1, and while solving guarantee solar energy high usage, solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system are combined, the too high difficult problem damaging bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector 1-3 of the solar cooker focal point temperature occurred.

Schematically above be described the present invention and embodiment thereof, this description does not have restricted, and also just one of the embodiments of the present invention shown in accompanying drawing, actual structure is not limited thereto.So, if those of ordinary skill in the art enlightens by it, when not departing from the invention aim, designing the frame mode similar to this technical scheme and embodiment without creationary, all should protection scope of the present invention be belonged to.

Claims (4)

1. a solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler, comprise body of heater (1-1), it is characterized in that: also comprise top photovoltaic electrification component (1-2), splash guard (1-14), bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector (1-3), heat transfer plate (1-15), thermo-electric generation sheet (1-4), heat transfer alloy block (1-5), solenoid (1-6), temperature control and water-control device (1-7), lower magnetic valve (1-8), upper level sensor (1-9), lower level sensor is held concurrently temperature sensor (1-10), water inlet pipe (1-11) and outlet pipe (1-12), wherein: described top photovoltaic electrification component (1-2) is positioned at body of heater (1-1) top, described top photovoltaic electrification component (1-2) comprises top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate (1-2-1), top photovoltaic electrification component outer rim (1-2-2), top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA (1-2-3), top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet (1-2-4) and top photovoltaic electrification component backboard (1-2-5), the below at described top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate (1-2-1) is equipped with top photovoltaic electrification component and fills EVA (1-2-3), this top photovoltaic electrification component is filled in EVA (1-2-3) and is provided with top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet (1-2-4), above-mentioned top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet (1-2-4) is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, described top photovoltaic electrification component backboard (1-2-5) is positioned at the below that top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA (1-2-3), above-mentioned top photovoltaic electrification component glass cover-plate (1-2-1), top photovoltaic electrification component fills EVA (1-2-3), top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet (1-2-4), top photovoltaic electrification component backboard (1-2-5) is fixed by top photovoltaic electrification component outer rim (1-2-2) lamination, described splash guard (1-14) barrier is between top photovoltaic electrification component backboard (1-2-5) and body of heater (1-1), described body of heater (1-1) bottom is fastenedly connected nail (1-13) alloy block (1-5) that will conduct heat by one and is fastened in it heart place, described body of heater (1-1) bottom is equally distributedly fastenedly connected nail (1-13) successively by thermo-electric generation sheet (1-4) by four, heat transfer plate (1-15), bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector (1-3) is fixed on the outside of body of heater (1-1) bottom layer by layer, above-mentioned thermo-electric generation sheet (1-4), heat transfer plate (1-15), heat-conducting glue is equipped with between bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector (1-3), and thermo-electric generation sheet (1-4), heat transfer plate (1-15), bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector (1-3) is ring-type, be wrapped on heat transfer alloy block (1-5) lateral wall, above-mentioned thermo-electric generation sheet (1-4) is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector (1-3) comprises bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector outer rim (1-3-1), frame (1-3-2) in the photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector of bottom, bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet (1-3-3), bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA (1-3-4), bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard (1-3-5) and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector glass cover-plate (1-3-6), the top of described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector glass cover-plate (1-3-6) is equipped with bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector and fills EVA (1-3-4), bottom this, photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector is filled in EVA (1-3-4) and is provided with bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet (1-3-3), above-mentioned bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet (1-3-3) is connected with photovoltaic thermoelectricity output circuit, described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard (1-3-5) is positioned at the top that bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA (1-3-4), above-mentioned bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard (1-3-5), bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector fills EVA (1-3-4), bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet (1-3-3), bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard (1-3-5) is fixed by frame (1-3-2) lamination in bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector outer rim (1-3-1) and bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector, described water inlet pipe (1-11) is connected to above body of heater (1-1) sidewall by solenoid (1-6), described outlet pipe (1-12) is drawn below body of heater (1-1) sidewall by lower magnetic valve (1-8), described upper level sensor (1-9) and lower level sensor are held concurrently, and to be all positioned at body of heater (1-1) inner for temperature sensor (1-10), and upper level sensor (1-9) is positioned at the top of body of heater (1-1), lower level sensor temperature sensor (1-10) of holding concurrently is positioned at the bottom of body of heater (1-1), above-mentioned solenoid (1-6), lower magnetic valve (1-8), upper level sensor (1-9), lower level sensor temperature sensor (1-10) of holding concurrently is connected with water-control device (1-7) with temperature control respectively.
2. a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: top photovoltaic electrification component solar battery sheet (1-2-4) quantity in described top photovoltaic electrification component (1-2) is 7, adopt series system to connect; Bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector solar battery sheet (1-3-3) quantity in described bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector (1-3) is 6, adopts series system to connect; In described thermo-electric generation sheet (1-4), generating sheet quantity is 20,10 one group series connection, two groups of Parallel opertation.
3. a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the described nail (1-13) that is fastenedly connected comprises skull portion and nail tip portion, its skull portion is in the bottom of body of heater (1-1), and nail tip portion nail is in bottom photovoltaic electric power generating heat collector backboard (1-3-5).
4. a kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the lateral wall of described body of heater (1-1) wraps up a foamed thermal insulating layer (1-17), and this foamed thermal insulating layer (1-17) is fixed on body of heater (1-1) periphery by aluminium foil crust (1-16).
CN201410182396.6A 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 A kind of solar energy high usage photovoltaic and photothermal thermo-electric generation boiler CN103925705B (en)

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CN104729108B (en) * 2015-04-07 2016-05-11 安徽工业大学 A kind of plain type photovoltaic-photo-thermal-thermoelectricity utilization system

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CN101359885A (en) * 2008-01-29 2009-02-04 雷加良 Cogeneration solar boiler
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