CN203339200U - Heat collector of solar energy comprehensive utilization system - Google Patents

Heat collector of solar energy comprehensive utilization system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203339200U
CN203339200U CN2013204503744U CN201320450374U CN203339200U CN 203339200 U CN203339200 U CN 203339200U CN 2013204503744 U CN2013204503744 U CN 2013204503744U CN 201320450374 U CN201320450374 U CN 201320450374U CN 203339200 U CN203339200 U CN 203339200U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
transfer plate
heat transfer
solar energy
backboard
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2013204503744U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾虎
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Priority to CN2013204503744U priority Critical patent/CN203339200U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a heat collector of a solar energy comprehensive utilization system and belongs to the field of solar energy comprehensive utilization. A photovoltaic power generation assembly provided by the utility model comprises an aluminium alloy frame, a glass cover plate, an EVA filling layer, a solar cell piece and a backboard. A thermoelectric power generation assembly is positioned below the backboard. A thermally conductive adhesive layer is arranged between a first heat transfer plate in the thermoelectric power generation assembly and the bottom of the backboard. A thermoelectric chip is laid between the first heat transfer plate and a second heat transfer plate. A thermally conductive adhesive layer is disposed between a high-temperature surface of the thermoelectric chip and the first heat transfer plate. A thermally conductive adhesive layer is also arranged between a low-temperature surface of the thermoelectric chip and the second heat transfer plate. A thermal insulation material layer is mounted below the second heat transfer plate. A heat-collecting pipeline is laid on the top of the thermal insulation material layer. The heat-collecting pipeline is contacted with the bottom surface of the second heat transfer plate. Besides power generation and hot water production by solar cells, electricity is generated by temperature difference between the cell backboard and the heat-collecting pipeline. Thus, solar energy comprehensive utilization efficiency is raised.

Description

A kind of solar energy composite utilizes the heat collector of system
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar energy composite and utilizes technical field, more particularly, relates to the heat collector that a kind of solar energy composite utilizes system.
Background technology
Along with the scarcity day by day of fossil energy, the development of new forms of energy, regenerative resource obtains people's attention day by day.Solar energy is inexhaustible, and solar energy power generating becomes the technical field of new energies that various countries give priority to.The principle of regular solar photovoltaic cell capable of generating power is that sunlight sees through cover plate and EVA shines on photovoltaic cell, after photovoltaic cell absorbs the solar energy see through, change out electric energy less than 20%, all the other convert heat to, absorbed by battery component, finally be dissipated in air.If can not be used, cause larger waste on the one hand, heat can be made the cell panel temperature raise by the photovoltaic module absorption on the other hand, has shortened the life-span of battery component when reducing generating efficiency.
At present, the general user need to utilize solar energy to generate electricity simultaneously and produce hot water, and two cover systems are installed: solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system.The cost that two cover systems need is higher, in the situation that limited the differing of erection space meets user's demand surely.In addition, existing solar photovoltaic generation system only is the conversion of photovoltaic and photothermal, and the temperature difference that heat collector self exists is not directly utilized.
By patent retrieval, technical scheme existing relevant in prior art is open.As Chinese Patent Application No.: 201010582721.X, the applying date: on December 6th, 2010, invention and created name is: the solar energy composite use device, and this application case comprises: photovoltaic electrification component, described photovoltaic electrification component receives solar radiation, and changes solar energy into electric energy; The thermo-electric generation assembly, described thermo-electric generation assembly is arranged at the backlight side of described photovoltaic electrification component, for changing electric energy into from the heat energy of photovoltaic electrification component, wherein, described thermo-electric generation assembly comprises hot junction and the cold junction that is positioned at the hot junction opposition side, and described hot junction contacts with the described backlight side of described photovoltaic electrification component; Cooling device, described cooling device is arranged at a side of described thermo-electric generation assembly, with the cold junction of described thermo-electric generation assembly, contact, wherein, described cooling device comprises fluid media (medium), and described cooling device carrys out the cold junction of cooling described thermo-electric generation assembly by the described fluid media (medium) that circulates, produce hot fluid medium for utilization simultaneously.Although this application case is by having fully utilized the thermo-electric generation technology, the comprehensive utilization ratio of its solar energy is still lower, is further improved.
The utility model content
1. the technical problem that utility model will solve
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome solar energy composite in prior art and utilizes the lower deficiency of the efficiency of utilization of heat collector in system, provide a kind of solar energy composite to utilize the heat collector of system, adopt the technical solution of the utility model, when utilizing solar energy power generating, the temperature difference that can utilize heat collector self to exist is generated electricity.
2. technical scheme
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model provides is:
A kind of solar energy composite of the present utility model utilizes the heat collector of system, comprise photovoltaic electrification component, thermo-electric generation assembly and heat collecting pipeline, wherein: described photovoltaic electrification component comprises aluminum alloy frame, glass cover-plate, the EVA packed layer, solar battery sheet and backboard, described thermo-electric generation assembly is positioned at the below of backboard, this thermo-electric generation assembly comprises the first heat transfer plate, the second heat transfer plate and thermoelectric chip, be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the bottom of described the first heat transfer plate and backboard, be equipped with thermoelectric chip between described the first heat transfer plate and the second heat transfer plate, be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the high temperature face of this thermoelectric chip and the first heat transfer plate, also be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the low temperature face of this thermoelectric chip and the second heat transfer plate, described the second heat transfer plate below is provided with insulation material layer, and the top of this insulation material layer is equipped with heat collecting pipeline, and described heat collecting pipeline contacts with the bottom surface of the second heat transfer plate.
Further improve as the utility model, between the bottom surface of described heat collecting pipeline and the second heat transfer plate, be provided with the heat conduction glue-line, and reinforce welding by stainless steel welding stick between heat collecting pipeline and the second heat transfer plate.
As the utility model, further improve, in described photovoltaic electrification component, the below of glass cover-plate is equipped with the EVA packed layer, in this EVA packed layer, is provided with solar battery sheet, and described backboard is positioned at the below of EVA packed layer.
As the utility model, further improve, described glass cover-plate, EVA packed layer, backboard, the first heat transfer plate, thermoelectric chip, the second heat transfer plate, insulation material layer are fixed by the aluminum alloy frame lamination, and the underrun of insulation material layer back of the body shrouding is fixed.
As the utility model, further improve, the cross section of described heat collecting pipeline is rectangle.
3. beneficial effect
The technical scheme that adopts the utility model to provide, compare with existing known technology, has following beneficial effect:
(1) a kind of solar energy composite of the present utility model utilizes the heat collector of system, not only can realize the photovoltaic and photothermal comprehensive utilization, also increased thermoelectricity comprehensive utilization function, thermoelectric chip comes between two-layer heat transfer plate, in solar cell power generation, manufacture hot water, utilize the temperature difference between battery back-sheet and heat collecting pipeline further to generate electricity, increased the conversion to the GOOD TASTE electric energy, improved the solar energy composite utilization ratio;
(2) a kind of solar energy composite of the present utility model utilizes the heat collector of system, be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the high temperature face of its thermoelectric chip and the first heat transfer plate, also be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the low temperature face of thermoelectric chip and the second heat transfer plate, the design of above-mentioned the first heat transfer plate and the second heat transfer plate, make thermoelectric chip high temperature face and low temperature face all be heated evenly, and increased heat transfer efficiency;
(3) a kind of solar energy composite of the present utility model utilizes the heat collector of system, space around heat collecting pipeline is coated by insulation material layer, and outside is sealed by backboard again, can stop heat distributing to the external world, thereby take full advantage of heat, improve the utilization ratio of solar energy.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that a kind of solar energy composite of the present utility model utilizes the heat collector of system.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:
1, aluminum alloy frame; 2, glass cover-plate; 3, EVA packed layer; 4, solar battery sheet; 5, backboard; 61, the first heat transfer plate; 62, the second heat transfer plate; 7, thermoelectric chip; 8, heat collecting pipeline; 9, insulation material layer; 10, back of the body shrouding.
Embodiment
For further understanding content of the present utility model, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments the utility model is described in detail.
embodiment 1
In conjunction with Fig. 1, a kind of solar energy composite of the present embodiment utilizes the heat collector of system, comprise photovoltaic electrification component, thermo-electric generation assembly and heat collecting pipeline 8, wherein: described photovoltaic electrification component comprises aluminum alloy frame 1, glass cover-plate 2, EVA packed layer 3, solar battery sheet 4 and backboard 5, the below of glass cover-plate 2 is equipped with EVA packed layer 3, be provided with solar battery sheet 4 in this EVA packed layer 3, described backboard 5 is positioned at the below of EVA packed layer 3.
Thermo-electric generation assembly in the present embodiment is positioned at the below of backboard 5, this thermo-electric generation assembly comprises the first heat transfer plate 61, the second heat transfer plate 62 and thermoelectric chip 7, be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the bottom of described the first heat transfer plate 61 and backboard 5, be equipped with thermoelectric chip 7 between described the first heat transfer plate 61 and the second heat transfer plate 62, be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the high temperature face of this thermoelectric chip 7 and the first heat transfer plate 61, between the low temperature face of this thermoelectric chip 7 and the second heat transfer plate 62, also be provided with the heat conduction glue-line.The both sides of thermoelectric chip 7, by design the first heat transfer plate 61 and the second heat transfer plate 62, make and conduct heat evenly, and greatly improved heat transfer efficiency.During use, the bus of confluxing of thermoelectric chip 7 is connected to photovoltaic thermoelectricity control circuit by voltage stabilizing chip, anti-recoil diode, and the heat conduction glue-line in the present embodiment all adopts strong viscosity heat conductive silica gel STARS-922, good heat conduction effect and even.
The second heat transfer plate 62 belows in the present embodiment are provided with insulation material layer 9, the top of this insulation material layer 9 is equipped with the heat collecting pipeline 8 that cross section is rectangle, described heat collecting pipeline 8 contacts with the bottom surface of the second heat transfer plate 62, be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the bottom surface of heat collecting pipeline 8 and the second heat transfer plate 62, and reinforce welding by stainless steel welding stick between heat collecting pipeline 8 and the second heat transfer plate 62.Adopting the heat collecting pipeline 8 of square-section in the present embodiment is in order to increase heat transfer area between heat collecting pipeline 8 and the second heat transfer plate 62, and heat collecting pipeline 8 is by heat absorption, and the hot water in heat collecting pipeline 8 can be used as domestic water and uses.In said structure, glass cover-plate 2, EVA packed layer 3, backboard 5, the first heat transfer plate 61, thermoelectric chip 7, the second heat transfer plate 62, insulation material layer 9 are fixed by aluminum alloy frame 1 lamination, and the underrun of insulation material layer 9 back of the body shrouding 10 is fixing.
During use, a kind of solar energy composite of the present embodiment utilizes the heat collector of system, absorb solar energy, wherein most of (80% ~ 85%) is converted to heat, heat is absorbed by the water in heat collecting pipeline 8, the temperature that has so not only maintained photovoltaic electrification component is unlikely to too high, has kept high photoelectric conversion efficiency, has also maintained the steady operation of thermo-electric generation.
Below schematically the utility model and execution mode thereof are described, this description does not have restricted, and shown in accompanying drawing is also one of execution mode of the present utility model, and actual structure is not limited to this.So, if those of ordinary skill in the art is enlightened by it, in the situation that do not break away from the utility model, create aim, without the creationary frame mode similar to this technical scheme and the embodiment of designing, all should belong to protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a solar energy composite utilizes the heat collector of system, comprise photovoltaic electrification component, it is characterized in that: also comprise thermo-electric generation assembly and heat collecting pipeline (8), wherein: described photovoltaic electrification component comprises aluminum alloy frame (1), glass cover-plate (2), EVA packed layer (3), solar battery sheet (4) and backboard (5), described thermo-electric generation assembly is positioned at the below of backboard (5), this thermo-electric generation assembly comprises the first heat transfer plate (61), the second heat transfer plate (62) and thermoelectric chip (7), be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the bottom of described the first heat transfer plate (61) and backboard (5), be equipped with thermoelectric chip (7) between described the first heat transfer plate (61) and the second heat transfer plate (62), be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the high temperature face of this thermoelectric chip (7) and the first heat transfer plate (61), also be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the low temperature face of this thermoelectric chip (7) and the second heat transfer plate (62), described the second heat transfer plate (62) below is provided with insulation material layer (9), and the top of this insulation material layer (9) is equipped with heat collecting pipeline (8), and described heat collecting pipeline (8) contacts with the bottom surface of the second heat transfer plate (62).
2. a kind of solar energy composite according to claim 1 utilizes the heat collector of system, it is characterized in that: be provided with the heat conduction glue-line between the bottom surface of described heat collecting pipeline (8) and the second heat transfer plate (62), and reinforce welding by stainless steel welding stick between heat collecting pipeline (8) and the second heat transfer plate (62).
3. a kind of solar energy composite according to claim 1 and 2 utilizes the heat collector of system, it is characterized in that: the below of glass cover-plate in described photovoltaic electrification component (2) is equipped with EVA packed layer (3), be provided with solar battery sheet (4) in this EVA packed layer (3), described backboard (5) is positioned at the below of EVA packed layer (3).
4. a kind of solar energy composite according to claim 3 utilizes the heat collector of system, it is characterized in that: described glass cover-plate (2), EVA packed layer (3), backboard (5), the first heat transfer plate (61), thermoelectric chip (7), the second heat transfer plate (62), insulation material layer (9) are fixed by aluminum alloy frame (1) lamination, and the underrun of insulation material layer (9) back of the body shrouding (10) is fixing.
5. a kind of solar energy composite according to claim 4 utilizes the heat collector of system, it is characterized in that: the cross section of described heat collecting pipeline (8) is rectangle.
CN2013204503744U 2013-07-26 2013-07-26 Heat collector of solar energy comprehensive utilization system Expired - Fee Related CN203339200U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2013204503744U CN203339200U (en) 2013-07-26 2013-07-26 Heat collector of solar energy comprehensive utilization system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103929117A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 安徽工业大学 Concentrating photovoltaic-photo-thermal-wind power-thermoelectricity integrated system
CN106953550A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-07-14 上海理工大学 Photovoltaic temperature difference combined power generation device
CN112039429A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-12-04 中兴能源有限公司 Solar energy comprehensive utilization system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103929117A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 安徽工业大学 Concentrating photovoltaic-photo-thermal-wind power-thermoelectricity integrated system
CN106953550A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-07-14 上海理工大学 Photovoltaic temperature difference combined power generation device
CN112039429A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-12-04 中兴能源有限公司 Solar energy comprehensive utilization system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131211

Termination date: 20140726

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model