CN204963250U - Heat pipe type solar energy light and heat optoelectronic integration subassembly and hot -water heating system - Google Patents

Heat pipe type solar energy light and heat optoelectronic integration subassembly and hot -water heating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204963250U
CN204963250U CN201520156722.6U CN201520156722U CN204963250U CN 204963250 U CN204963250 U CN 204963250U CN 201520156722 U CN201520156722 U CN 201520156722U CN 204963250 U CN204963250 U CN 204963250U
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heat
water tank
heat pipe
solar
pipe
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宫昌萌
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宫昌萌
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar energy photoelectricity light and heat integration subassembly and hot -water heating system not only can become the electric energy with solar energy conversion, can collect the heat that illumination produced moreover, provide life hot water, improve the use of solar energy and rate. Solar energy photoelectricity light and heat integration subassembly comprises solar cell panel and heat collector. Heat collector from the bottom up comprises heat conduction membrane, phase transition heat pipe and heat preservation. Heat conduction membrane surface coating viscose pastes on phase transition heat pipe and solar cell panel simultaneously, has reduced the thermal -conduction resistance between the adjacent heat pipe, reduces heat pipe quantity, reduces the subassembly cost, and connect solar cell panel and phase transition heat pipe, at transfer heat between the two. Easy, easy maintenance are dismantled to the heat collector, are favorable to the marketing. The hot -water heating system is by circulating pump, heat pump, heat -retaining water tank composition, when the temperature of integration subassembly is higher than the heat storage water tank temperature, sends into the heat storage water tank by the heat medium of circulating pump in with the subassembly and carries out the heat exchange, when the temperature of integration subassembly is less than the heat storage water tank temperature, when nevertheless being higher than the setting value, to hold the evaporation that the heat pump was sent into to the heat medium by the circulating pump, the heat pump absorbs the heat medium heat, releases the heat for the heat storage water tank at the condensation end. The hot -water heating system makes heat collector work under the low temperature state, has improved collecting efficiency, can improve hot water temperature and the overcast and rainy boosting measure of conduct simultaneously.

Description

Pipe type solar heat photo-thermal optoelectronic integration assembly and hot-water heating system
Technical field
The solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly that the utility model relates to and hot-water heating system, by on solar cell and the integrated same assembly of heat collector, not only can convert solar energy to electric energy, and the heat of illumination generation can be collected, domestic hot-water is provided, improve the utilization rate of solar energy, be applicable to the distributed photovoltaic system of architecture-integral.Assembly life-span is long, cost is low, solar energy conversion efficiency is high.This technology belongs to new energy field.
Background technology
Solar energy resources is abundant, widely distributed, is the most potential regenerative resource.Along with global energy shortage and the problem such as environmental pollution become increasingly conspicuous, solar energy power generating because of its clean, safety, facility, the feature such as efficient, the new industry having become countries in the world common concern and given priority to.Along with technological progress and industry size expand, product cost continuous decrease, the level of close prices par online.The main flow of application market will be become in future with the distributed photovoltaic that building is integrated.
The photoelectric transformation efficiency of crystal silicon solar photovoltaic module is about 15%, the photoelectric transformation efficiency of film silicon solar photovoltaic module is about 8%, the unemployed solar energy of major part is converted into heat, the temperature of photovoltaic module is raised, the conversion efficiency of photovoltaic module is reduced.The temperature of photovoltaic module often raises 1 degree, and Relative transfer efficiency declines 0.4%, and when assembly temperature is elevated to 75 degrees Celsius, the generated output of assembly reduces by 20% than the rated power of nominal.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiency that prior art exists, this patent proposes a kind of solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly and hot water, solar cell and heat collector are integrated on same assembly, not only can convert solar energy to electric energy, and the heat of illumination generation can be collected, domestic hot-water is provided, improves the utilization rate of solar energy, be applicable to the distributed photovoltaic system of architecture-integral.
Solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly is made up of solar panel and heat collector.Solar panel can select monocrystalline silicon solar panel, thin-film solar cell panel.Heat collector is directly installed on Solar panel backside.
Heat collector is made up of heat conducting film, phase transformation heat pipe and heat-insulation layer from top to bottom heat collector.Heat conducting film surface coating viscose glue, is attached on phase transformation heat pipe and solar panel simultaneously, reduces the thermal-conduction resistance between adjacent heat pipe, reduce heat pipe quantity, reduce assembly cost; And connect solar panel and phase transformation heat pipe, between transferring heat.
With viscose glue, heat-insulation layer is fitted in the heat collector the superiors, heat-insulation layer outer surface covers aluminium foil, reduces the radiance on surface, reduces thermal loss.
Hot-water heating system is made up of circulating pump, heat pump, heat storage water tank, when the temperature of integral component is higher than heat storage water tank temperature, by circulating pump, the heating agent in assembly is sent into heat storage water tank and carries out heat exchange; When the temperature of integral component is lower than heat storage water tank temperature, but during higher than setting value, by circulating pump, heating agent is sent into the evaporation ends of heat pump, heat pump absorbs heating agent heat, at condensation end by thermal release to heat storage water tank.Hot-water heating system improves collecting efficiency under making heat collector be operated in low-temperature condition, hot water temperature can be brought up to 60 degrees Celsius simultaneously, and as overcast and rainy auxiliary heating measure.
Solar panel front can cover layer of transparent cover plate, and transparent cover plate and solar panel distance are 5mm-30mm.The effect of transparent cover plate is to stop solar panel after temperature raises by convection current and the heat radiation of radiation direction surrounding environment.
The utility model solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly, by solar cell and the integrated same assembly of heat collector.The heat conducting film that heat collector uses has well towards the coefficient of heat conduction, can reduce the thermal-conduction resistance between adjacent heat pipe, reduces heat pipe quantity, reduces assembly cost.Heat conducting film and solar panel are fitted, and do not change the original structure of solar panel, can directly utilize standardized solar panel, be conducive to marketing, and heat collector dismounting is easily easy to maintenance.
Under hot-water heating system makes heat collector be operated in low-temperature condition, decrease dispersed heat in air, improve collecting efficiency, hot water temperature can be brought up to 60 degrees Celsius simultaneously, and as overcast and rainy auxiliary heating measure.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly, and heat conducting film is clipped between phase transformation heat pipe and solar panel;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly, and heat of transformation pipe clamp is between heat conducting film and solar panel;
In two figure, 1 is phase transformation heat pipe, and 2 is solar panel, and 3 is heat conducting film, and 4 is heat-insulation layer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, set forth the utility model further.
As shown in Figure 1, solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly is made up of solar panel 2 and heat collector.Heat collector is made up of heat conducting film 3, phase transformation heat pipe 1, heat-insulation layer 4.
Solar panel 2 can select crystal silicon solar energy battery plate, the thin-film solar cell panel of normal structure.
Heat conducting film 3 selects conductive graphite coiled material, and thickness is greater than 50 microns, and cover whole solar panel surface, the normal direction thermal conductivity of conductive graphite coiled material is 10W/m.K-30W/m.K, is 200W/m.K-1500W/m.K, compression ratio 10%-20% towards thermal conductivity.Heat conducting film surface coating viscose glue, make heat conducting film be attached on phase transformation heat pipe and solar panel, the thickness of adhesive-layer is 0.01mm-0.8mm.
The length of phase transformation heat pipe 1 is suitable with the length of solar panel 2, and cross sectional shape can select circle, ellipse or square.Phase transformation heat pipe can be single hole arrangements also can be loose structure.The spacing of adjacent phase transformation heat pipe is less than 200 millimeters, and phase transformation heat pipe width is greater than 3 millimeters, and thickness is 1 millimeter-15 millimeters.
Heat-insulation layer 4 selects rubber and plastic, rock wool or cystosepiment, covers whole solar panel surface, with viscose glue, heat-insulation layer is fitted in the heat collector the superiors.The thickness of heat-insulation layer is less than 40 millimeters, and thermal conductivity is less than 50W/m.K.Insulation layer surface covers aluminium foil, improves the weatherability of heat-insulation layer, and reduces the radiance on surface, reduces thermal loss.
Fixture 5 is fixed on solar energy battery board frame or edge, and heat-insulation layer, heat conducting film, phase transformation heat pipe is compressed and be fitted in Solar panel backside.
Hot-water heating system is made up of circulating pump, heat pump, heat storage water tank.When the temperature of integral component is higher than heat storage water tank temperature, by circulating pump, the heating agent in assembly is sent into heat storage water tank and carry out heat exchange; When the temperature of integral component is lower than heat storage water tank temperature, but during higher than setting value, by circulating pump, heating agent is sent into the evaporation ends of heat pump, heat pump absorbs heating agent heat, at condensation end by thermal release to heat storage water tank, setting value generally between 20 degrees Celsius-45 degrees Celsius select.
The volume of heat storage water tank is determined by number of users, resident's items selection 50 liters/people. day.The heating power of photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly can according to 400 watts of/square metre of calculating.
Replacement scheme:
As shown in Figure 2, difference is that phase transformation heat pipe 1 is clipped between heat conducting film 3 and solar panel 2, adds the contact area of phase transformation heat pipe and thermal source, reduces thermal resistance.
More than show and describe general principle of the present utility model, principal character and major advantage.The technical staff of the industry should understand, and under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model spirit and scope, the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall within the scope of claimed the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly is made up of solar panel and heat collector, it is characterized in that: heat collector is made up of heat conducting film, phase transformation heat pipe and heat-insulation layer from top to bottom, heat conducting film surface coating viscose glue, be attached on phase transformation heat pipe and solar panel simultaneously, reduce the thermal-conduction resistance between adjacent heat pipe, reduce heat pipe quantity, reduce assembly cost, and connect solar panel and phase transformation heat pipe, between transferring heat.
2. hot-water heating system is made up of circulating pump, heat pump and heat storage water tank, it is characterized in that: when the temperature of integral component is higher than heat storage water tank temperature, by circulating pump, the heating agent in assembly is sent into heat storage water tank and carries out heat exchange; When the temperature of integral component is lower than heat storage water tank temperature, but during higher than setting value, by circulating pump, heating agent is sent into the evaporation ends of heat pump, heat pump absorbs heating agent heat, at condensation end by thermal release to heat storage water tank.
3. solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that laying heat conducting film between phase transformation heat pipe, to reduce the heat transfer resistance between adjacent heat pipe.
4. solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that heat conducting film surface application viscose glue, fits with phase transformation heat pipe and solar panel.
5. solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that heat-insulation layer outer surface covers aluminium foil, reduces the radiance on surface, reduce thermal loss.
6. solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that heat conducting film can be selected but be not limited to conduction graphite film, sheet metal film or its composite membrane.
7. solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that heating agent can be selected but be not limited to water, anti-icing fluid or cold-producing medium.
8. solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that the cross sectional shape of phase transformation heat pipe can be selected but be not limited to circle and pancake.Phase transformation heat pipe can be single hole arrangements also can be loose structure.
9. solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that solar panel front can cover layer of transparent cover plate, and transparent cover plate and solar panel distance are 5mm-30mm.
CN201520156722.6U 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 Heat pipe type solar energy light and heat optoelectronic integration subassembly and hot -water heating system Active CN204963250U (en)

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CN201520156722.6U CN204963250U (en) 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 Heat pipe type solar energy light and heat optoelectronic integration subassembly and hot -water heating system

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CN201520156722.6U CN204963250U (en) 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 Heat pipe type solar energy light and heat optoelectronic integration subassembly and hot -water heating system

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3346605A1 (en) * 2017-01-09 2018-07-11 Imerys TC Thermal-photovoltaic solar system, installations comprising thermal-photovoltaic solar systems, and use thereof
CN110943691A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-03-31 吴祖荣 Low-cost photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated system and control method thereof
CN112413909A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-02-26 南京工业大学 Photovoltaic photo-thermal module separated small Fresnel concentrating collector

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3346605A1 (en) * 2017-01-09 2018-07-11 Imerys TC Thermal-photovoltaic solar system, installations comprising thermal-photovoltaic solar systems, and use thereof
WO2018127463A1 (en) * 2017-01-09 2018-07-12 Imerys Tc Thermal-photovoltaic solar system, installations comprising thermal-photovoltaic solar systems, and use thereof
CN110943691A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-03-31 吴祖荣 Low-cost photovoltaic and photo-thermal integrated system and control method thereof
CN112413909A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-02-26 南京工业大学 Photovoltaic photo-thermal module separated small Fresnel concentrating collector

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