CN103914079A - Groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker - Google Patents

Groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103914079A
CN103914079A CN201310005386.0A CN201310005386A CN103914079A CN 103914079 A CN103914079 A CN 103914079A CN 201310005386 A CN201310005386 A CN 201310005386A CN 103914079 A CN103914079 A CN 103914079A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
groove
rotating disk
position angle
dimensional
spotlight
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310005386.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李成贵
刘振华
刘源恭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
North Sea Institute Of Bj University Of Aeronautics & Astronautics
Original Assignee
North Sea Institute Of Bj University Of Aeronautics & Astronautics
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by North Sea Institute Of Bj University Of Aeronautics & Astronautics filed Critical North Sea Institute Of Bj University Of Aeronautics & Astronautics
Priority to CN201310005386.0A priority Critical patent/CN103914079A/en
Publication of CN103914079A publication Critical patent/CN103914079A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

A groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker comprises an azimuth angle rotation plate and a spotlight groove. The groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker is characterized by comprising a manual spotlight groove height adjusting mechanism and a spotlight groove circular motion driving mechanism. The manual spotlight groove height adjusting mechanism mainly comprises a hand wheel screw and a hand wheel nut. The spotlight groove circular motion driving mechanism mainly comprises a worm gear and worm transmission member, a stepping motor and a stepping motor controller. Compared with a two-dimensional tracker, the groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker is simple in structure, similar in cost and poor in performance. However, the performance of the groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker is better than a one-dimensional tracker. The groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker overcomes the defects that the existing two-dimensional tracker is complex in structure and high in cost. The groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker also overcomes the defects that the one-dimensional tracker is simple in structure and low in construction cost, but the one-dimensional tracker is low in the amount of received solar energy.

Description

Slot light collection type one dimension half sun tracker
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of slot light collection type one dimension half sun tracker, belong to light harvesting and tracking means in solar energy application system.
Background technology
Sun tracker occupies critical positions in solar energy application system, its objective is and makes planar solar concentrator aim at any time sunray, to reach the object of more reception sun power.
In this device, relate to the technology of two aspects:
The first, planar solar concentrator.The research of planar solar concentrator is the gordian technique of Application of Solar Energy, has non-spotlight mode and light collecting two large classes.Each class has a variety of forms.Slot light collection type optical collector is the main species of current research, receives the concern of each side.
The second, the mode of following the tracks of the sun.With the horizontal system of coordinates, the sun can be used position angle and elevation angle comprehensive characterization with respect to the motion on ground.Therefore following the tracks of the sun also can set about from this two aspect.Studying at present and apply commonplace is to adopt two-dimensional tracking device, also so-called biaxial tracker.The feature of two-dimensional tracking device is that tracking accuracy is high, but mechanism's complexity, cost are high.Along with the appearance of slot type optical collector, researching and developing now one dimension tracking is also focus.Its principle is that azimuth direction employing is not followed the tracks of, and follows the tracks of and only make elevation angle.Also in other words, slot light collection is fixed at east-west direction, does not from morning to night follow the tracks of the sun, just can really aim at the sun while only having 12 noon; And adopt from motion tracking aspect elevation angle.This device is more simple in structure than two-dimensional tracking, and cost is low, also can reduce but receive the amount of sun power, and its reason is early, the sun is tilting greatlyr with respect to noon aspect position angle when evening, and camber reflection loss is larger.
summary of the invention:
The object of the invention is to manufacture and design slot light collection type one dimension half sun tracker, overcoming current two-dimensional tracking device mechanism complexity, cost is high, although and one dimension follower is simple in structure, cost is low, receives the lower shortcoming of amount of sun power.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: slot light collection type one dimension half sun tracker, comprise the position angle rotating disk 5 with central shaft, be arranged on position angle rotating disk 5 and the condenser groove 3 of built-in condensing lens 4, it is characterized by: there is the condenser groove height manual adjustment means being connected with position angle rotating disk 5 with condenser groove 3, the condenser groove circular motion driving mechanism that drives position angle rotating disk 5 to circle, described condenser groove height manual adjustment means mainly comprises the handwheel screw 1 that summit is connected with condenser groove 3, the hand wheel nut 2 matching with handwheel screw 1, described condenser groove circular motion driving mechanism mainly comprises the Worm Wheel System member 8 that can drive position angle rotating disk 5, the stepper motor 7 that driving Worm Wheel System member 8 rotates and the controllor for step-by-step motor 6 of control step motor 7.
Position angle rotating disk 5 is rectangle or circle.
Rotating disk 5 bottoms in position angle are fixed with bearing external member 9.
Rotating disk 5 bottoms in position angle arrange circumference wheel 10.
Take the present invention of above measure, structure is simpler than two-dimensional tracking device, and cost is similar to one dimension tracker, and Performance Ratio two-dimensional tracking device is weaker, but more a lot of by force than one dimension tracker.The present invention has overcome current two-dimensional tracking device mechanism complexity, cost is high, although and one dimension follower is simple in structure, cost is low, receives the lower shortcoming of amount of sun power.
Below the present invention is described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments again.
accompanying drawing explanation:
The structural representation that accompanying drawing 1 is the present invention (embodiment);
Description of reference numerals: handwheel screw 1, hand wheel nut 2, condenser groove 3, condenser 4, position angle rotating disk 5, controllor for step-by-step motor 6, stepper motor 7, Worm Wheel System member 8, bearing external member 9, circumference wheel 10.
embodiment:
The present invention mainly comprises the position angle rotating disk 5 with central shaft, be arranged on the condenser groove 3 on position angle rotating disk 5, the condenser groove height manual adjustment means being connected with position angle rotating disk 5 with condenser groove 3, the condenser groove circular motion driving mechanism that drives position angle rotating disk 5 to circle, condenser groove height manual adjustment means mainly comprises the handwheel screw 1 that summit is connected with condenser groove 3, the hand wheel nut 2 matching with handwheel screw 1, condenser groove circular motion driving mechanism mainly comprises the Worm Wheel System member 8 that can drive position angle rotating disk 5, the stepper motor 7 that driving Worm Wheel System member 8 rotates and the controllor for step-by-step motor 6 of control step motor 7.Position angle rotating disk 5 is rectangle or circle.Rotating disk 5 bottoms in position angle are fixed with bearing external member 9.Rotating disk 5 bottoms in position angle arrange circumference wheel 10.Condenser 4 is arranged in condenser groove 3.
Accompanying drawing 1 has provided the concrete structure of the embodiment of the present invention.With the square position angle rotating disk 5 of central shaft, insert the inner ring of bearing external member 9, bearing inner race rotates, and outer ring is fixed.Rotating disk 5 four jiaos of installation circumference wheels 10 in position angle are in ground surface.Condenser groove circular motion driving mechanism drive principle is: controllor for step-by-step motor 6 is by certain algorithm, automatically control step motor 7 rotates, by gear engage, Worm Wheel System member 8, drive position angle rotating disk 5 to rotate according to the speed of 15 degree per hour, realize solar azimuth from motion tracking.Its turntable plane is the base of condenser groove height manual adjustment means, and condenser groove 3 is arranged on elevation angle support.It is the height of adjustable condenser groove 3 that rotation handwheel screw 1 rotates in hand wheel nut 2, is the angle between condenser groove 3 and position angle rotating disk 5.
The position angle rotating disk 5 of embodiment is made up of angle steel and four circumference wheels 10, and angle bar frame and circumference wheel 10 connect firmly, and can horizontally rotate on the ground.Take position angle rotating disk 5 centers as benchmark, lay horizontal clump table top on ground, the gathering sill that holds circumference wheel 10 is set, be used for circumference wheel 10 to lead, position angle rotating disk 5 is stably circled.
Position angle rotating disk 5 and condenser groove 3 use angle steel and bolt and nut rigid attachment are got up, and position angle rotating disk 5 is under driven by motor, and while rotation with position angle rule, condenser groove 3 also synchronously rotates.
The present invention's application camber reflection principle and slot type para-curve optically focused principle.Sunshine is approximately a kind of directional light.When directional light runs into plane, in the plane of incident light and plane normal composition, reflect, incident angle equals reflection angle.Sunshine is invested curved surface and is also had identical character, i.e. a plane of incident light and normal to a surface composition, reflected light in this plane with incident light with respect to surface normal symmetry.
The controllor for step-by-step motor 6 of Worm Wheel System member 8, stepper motor 7 and the control step motor 7 of the present invention's application has ready-made commodity, and condenser 4 is current conventional various optically focused curved surfaces, therefore implements the present invention not difficult.

Claims (4)

1. slot light collection type one dimension half sun tracker, comprise the position angle rotating disk (5) with central shaft, be arranged on the upper also condenser groove (3) of built-in condensing lens (4) of position angle rotating disk (5), it is characterized by: there is the condenser groove height manual adjustment means being connected with position angle rotating disk (5) with condenser groove (3), the condenser groove circular motion driving mechanism that drives position angle rotating disk (5) to circle, described condenser groove height manual adjustment means mainly comprises the handwheel screw (1) that summit is connected with condenser groove (3), the hand wheel nut (2) matching with handwheel screw (1), described condenser groove circular motion driving mechanism mainly comprises the Worm Wheel System member (8) that can drive position angle rotating disk (5), drive the stepper motor (7) of Worm Wheel System member (8) rotation and the controllor for step-by-step motor (6) of control step motor (7).
2. sun tracker according to claim 1, is characterized by: position angle rotating disk (5) is rectangle or circle.
3. sun tracker according to claim 1, is characterized by: position angle rotating disk (5) bottom is fixed with bearing external member (9).
4. sun tracker according to claim 1, is characterized by: position angle rotating disk (5) bottom arranges circumference wheel (10).
CN201310005386.0A 2013-01-08 2013-01-08 Groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker Pending CN103914079A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310005386.0A CN103914079A (en) 2013-01-08 2013-01-08 Groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310005386.0A CN103914079A (en) 2013-01-08 2013-01-08 Groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103914079A true CN103914079A (en) 2014-07-09

Family

ID=51039839

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310005386.0A Pending CN103914079A (en) 2013-01-08 2013-01-08 Groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103914079A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104675928A (en) * 2015-03-05 2015-06-03 刘建中 Rotary drive device for solar tracking bracket
CN105319051A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-10 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Work platform for testing optical efficiency of groove type solar thermal collector
CN106130449A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-11-16 成都振中电气有限公司 The solar electrical energy generation Factory Building structure that a kind of manual regulation turns to

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1802504A (en) * 2003-04-07 2006-07-12 罗伯特·尼德雷尔 Supply unit for power and water based on renewable energy
CN201207627Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-03-11 吴良清 Tracking type solar generator
CN101860277A (en) * 2010-05-27 2010-10-13 夏之秋 Device for tracking solar irradiation
CN201789437U (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-04-06 雷小兵 Solar condensing device with fixed focus
CN102055378A (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-11 胡剑峰 Sunlight tracker
US20120298201A1 (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-11-29 Erich Kai Stephan Solar panel racking system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1802504A (en) * 2003-04-07 2006-07-12 罗伯特·尼德雷尔 Supply unit for power and water based on renewable energy
CN201207627Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-03-11 吴良清 Tracking type solar generator
CN102055378A (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-11 胡剑峰 Sunlight tracker
CN201789437U (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-04-06 雷小兵 Solar condensing device with fixed focus
CN101860277A (en) * 2010-05-27 2010-10-13 夏之秋 Device for tracking solar irradiation
US20120298201A1 (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-11-29 Erich Kai Stephan Solar panel racking system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104675928A (en) * 2015-03-05 2015-06-03 刘建中 Rotary drive device for solar tracking bracket
CN105319051A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-10 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Work platform for testing optical efficiency of groove type solar thermal collector
CN105319051B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-04-17 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 A kind of workbench for being used to test trough type solar heat-collector optical efficiency
CN106130449A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-11-16 成都振中电气有限公司 The solar electrical energy generation Factory Building structure that a kind of manual regulation turns to

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205119523U (en) Light collecting solar energy high temperature heating device of fresnel transmission
JP2011258905A (en) Solar tracking device
CN101813387A (en) Sun tracker of solar collector
CN103914079A (en) Groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker
CN105958930A (en) Intelligent type solar tracker control system and intelligent type solar tracking bracket
CN104020518B (en) Fresnel polar-shaft type fixed-focus light-gathering device and guide-rod design method thereof
CN102411378A (en) Solar energy auto-tracking device
CN202339508U (en) Automatic solar tracking device
CN201215628Y (en) Intelligent solar energy collecting apparatus
CN103034248A (en) Sun tracking detection device made of compound convex lens combined with four-quadrant photoreceptor
CN103268123B (en) A kind of solar energy collecting conveyer that can automatic sun-tracking
CN201417027Y (en) Solar concentrator capable of two-way tracking
CN103135596A (en) Solar tracking system
CN201789437U (en) Solar condensing device with fixed focus
CN202331212U (en) Solar automatic tracking device based on fuzzy control
CN201464700U (en) Rapid-loading heliostat
CN202394123U (en) Control system for solar tracking directional reflector
CN102520734A (en) Rocker type condensed solar power station capable of synchronously tracking
TWI575182B (en) Trajectory chasing method
CN102853567B (en) Solar thermal collection system
CN202721146U (en) Linkage tracking light collecting apparatus
CN202792600U (en) Focus point shifting diffusion type sun tracking device
CN102749934A (en) Automatic tracker for sunlight
CN202975824U (en) Novel sunlight tracking mechanism capable of automatically adjusting angle
CN103809612A (en) Sunlight tracking mechanism capable of automatically adjusting angle

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20140709

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication