CN102853567B - Solar thermal collection system - Google Patents

Solar thermal collection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102853567B
CN102853567B CN201110182940.3A CN201110182940A CN102853567B CN 102853567 B CN102853567 B CN 102853567B CN 201110182940 A CN201110182940 A CN 201110182940A CN 102853567 B CN102853567 B CN 102853567B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
rotary shaft
drive
solar thermal
collector
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201110182940.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102853567A (en
Inventor
项晓东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YIKEBO ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
Original Assignee
YIKEBO ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by YIKEBO ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd filed Critical YIKEBO ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
Priority to CN201110182940.3A priority Critical patent/CN102853567B/en
Publication of CN102853567A publication Critical patent/CN102853567A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102853567B publication Critical patent/CN102853567B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of solar thermal collection system, and including solar collector and solar thermal collector, solar thermal collector is fixed on solar collector side by bracing frame, and wherein solar collector includes: support base;Solar panel, is fixed on support base;Multiple reflecting optics, are fixed on described solar panel;Described solar collector also includes that device is followed the tracks of in linkage.Solar thermal collection system of the present invention uses multiple second rotary shafts, according to the direction of each second rotary shaft of the position adjustments of the sun, thus can regulate the direction of eyeglass, more accurate reflected sunlight, improves the utilization rate of solar energy.

Description

Solar thermal collection system
Technical field
The invention belongs to Application of Solar Energy field, particularly relate to solar thermal collection system.
Background technology
Photovoltaic solar cell plate is widely used in the Application of Solar Energy of house or business.Owing to the sun is relative to the motion of the earth, the sunlight on the photovoltaic battery panel being irradiated to fix is caused to have different angle of incidence in different moment or the most different time every day.This kind of incident ray can reduce the collection efficiency of solar panel and reduce the electricity that this solar panel produces.Due to collect solar energy be directly proportional to cosine angle, i.e. angle between angle of incidence and the vertical surface of solar panel of sunlight, the loss that this effect is caused be known to cosine losses.For improving the collection efficiency of sunlight, solar panel can use one to follow the tracks of device in order to make it is kept close to vertical position with sun incident illumination.
Follow the tracks of device and also can be widely used on focus type sun receptor simultaneously, by large-area optical collector by solar light focusing on the solar collector of a little area, this solar collector can be photovoltaic cell or photothermal converter, this follows the tracks of device and follows solar motion, in order to make focus keep on the receiver when the sun moves.
Industry also designs two-dimension tracing apparatus to follow the tracks of sun's motion, this two-dimensional tracking system has two kinds of forms, i.e. azimuth/height tracing and polar angle/season (or equator) tracking (with reference to " from the energy of the sun " chapter 4, http://www.powerfromthesun.net).For azimuth/height tracing system; its mechanical realization is relatively simple; but; owing to the rotary speed needed for two axles is the most invariable and interdepends; therefore frequent adjustment is needed in any given place; and Tracking Control Scheme is complicated and difficult reliably, generally also need to sensing actively and control.For polar angle/season angle tracking system, its two axle is separate.Rotary speed around pole axis is fixing, is about 15 degree per hour in the daytime.But the rotation at angle in its slowly and is prone to follow the tracks of and moves in season of the sun in season.But, it is achieved the frame for movement that this kind follows the tracks of system is the most complicated, is unfavorable for the cost of reduction system.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim at providing a kind of solar thermal collection system, in order to solve the defect that existing solar thermal collection system structure is complicated, solar energy utilization rate is low.
To achieve these goals, the present invention proposes a kind of solar thermal collection system, including solar collector and solar thermal collector, described solar thermal collector is fixed on described solar collector side by bracing frame, and wherein said solar collector includes: support base;Solar panel, is fixed on described support base;Multiple reflecting optics, are fixed on described solar panel;Described solar collector also includes that device is followed the tracks of in linkage, and described linkage is followed the tracks of device and included: the first drive mechanism;First rotary shaft, is connected with described first drive mechanism, drives described solar panel to rotate;Multiple second drive mechanisms, are fixed in described first rotary shaft;Multiple second rotary shafts, it be arranged in parallel each other, each described second rotary shaft is all connected with described first rotary shaft by described second drive mechanism, and each described second rotary shaft is all vertical with described first rotary shaft, and described reflecting optics is respectively positioned in described second rotary shaft.
Optionally, the plurality of second drive mechanism is uniformly distributed in described first rotary shaft.
Optionally, described second drive mechanism includes that motor worm worm gear combines, and motor drives worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives the second rotary shaft to rotate.
Optionally, each described second rotary shaft is that two-stage nitration is arranged, and described second drive mechanism is located between this two-stage nitration.
Compared with prior art, having the beneficial effects that of solar thermal collection system of the present invention: solar thermal collection system of the present invention arranges multiple second rotary shaft, and each rotary shaft all can change respective direction by the rotation of the second drive mechanism, such that it is able to improve the reflection efficiency to sunlight to greatest extent, improve the utilization to luminous energy;Additionally, this simple in construction, it is easy to make and install.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of solar thermal collection system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the rearview of the solar panel of solar thermal collection system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the second drive mechanism of solar thermal collection system of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is described in detail.
First, refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the structural representation of solar thermal collection system of the present invention, in Fig. 1, solar thermal collection system includes solar collector and solar thermal collector 10, described solar thermal collector 10 is fixed on described solar collector 10 side by bracing frame 11, and wherein said solar collector includes: support base 15;Solar panel 18, is fixed on described support base 15;Multiple reflecting optics 12, are fixed on described solar panel 18;Described solar collector also includes that device, the first drive mechanism 16 are followed the tracks of in linkage;First rotary shaft 14, is connected with described first drive mechanism 16, drives described solar panel 18 to rotate;Multiple second drive mechanisms 13, are fixed in described first rotary shaft 14;Multiple second rotary shafts 17, be arranged in parallel each other, and each described second rotary shaft 17 is all connected with described first rotary shaft 14 by described second drive mechanism 13, and each described second rotary shaft 17 is all vertical with described first rotary shaft 14.
Refer to the rearview of the solar panel that Fig. 2, Fig. 2 are solar thermal collection system of the present invention, figure it is seen that solar thermal collection system of the present invention includes: the first drive mechanism 16;First rotary shaft 14, is connected with described first drive mechanism 16, drives described solar panel 18 to rotate;Multiple second drive mechanisms 13, are fixed in described first rotary shaft 14;Multiple second rotary shafts 17, be arranged in parallel each other, and each described second rotary shaft 17 is all connected with described first rotary shaft 14 by described second drive mechanism 13, and each described second rotary shaft 17 is all vertical with described first rotary shaft 14.The plurality of second drive mechanism 17 is uniformly distributed in described first rotary shaft 14, the second rotary shaft 17 i.e. be arrangeding in parallel distance each other is equal, described second drive mechanism 13 includes that motor worm worm gear combines, motor drives worm screw to rotate, worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives the second rotating shaft to rotate.Each described second rotary shaft 17 is arranged in two-stage nitration, and described second drive mechanism 13 is located between this two-stage nitration.
nullBelow,Refer to Fig. 3,Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the second drive mechanism of device is followed the tracks of in present invention linkage on solar panel,The second drive mechanism 13 driving the second rotary shaft 17 to rotate is located in the first rotary shaft 14,This second drive mechanism 13 i.e. is provided in the position that the first rotary shaft 14 intersects with the second rotary shaft 17,This second drive mechanism 13 is also a motor worm worm gear combinative structure,Wherein motor 170 is fixed in the first rotary shaft 14,And worm screw 171 is supported by two baffle plates 172 being fixed in the first rotary shaft 14,And motor 170 rotating shaft one end is provided with the first gear 173,And the corresponding one end of worm screw 171 is provided with the second gear 174,The first gear 173 is driven to rotate thus by motor 170,First gear 173 drives the second gear 174 to rotate,Thus drive worm screw 171 to rotate,Worm gear 175 is combined with the second rotary shaft 17,Worm gear 175 is driven to rotate thus by worm screw 171,Thus drive the second rotary shaft 17 to rotate.In the present embodiment, the second rotary shaft 17 is arranged in two-stage nitration, and the free end that worm gear 175 is then relative with this two-stage nitration couples, thus drives this two-stage nitration jointly to rotate.
Although the present invention discloses as above with preferred embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to this.Any those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, all can make various changes or modifications, and therefore protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with claim limited range.

Claims (4)

1. a solar thermal collection system, including solar collector and solar thermal collector, described solar thermal collector Being fixed on described solar collector side by bracing frame, wherein said solar collector includes:
Support base;
Solar panel, is fixed on described support base;
Multiple reflecting optics, are fixed on described solar panel;
It is characterized in that: described solar thermal collection system also includes that device is followed the tracks of in linkage, described linkage is followed the tracks of device and is included:
First drive mechanism;
First rotary shaft, is connected with described first drive mechanism, drives described solar panel to rotate;
Multiple second drive mechanisms, are fixed in described first rotary shaft;
Multiple second rotary shafts, be arranged in parallel each other, and each described second rotary shaft all drives by described second Mechanism is connected with described first rotary shaft, and each described second rotary shaft is all vertical with described first rotary shaft, described Reflecting optics is respectively positioned in described second rotary shaft.
Solar thermal collection system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the plurality of second drive mechanism It is uniformly distributed in described first rotary shaft.
Solar thermal collection system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described second drive mechanism includes Motor worm worm gear combines, and motor drives worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives the second rotary shaft rotation Turn.
Solar thermal collection system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: each described second rotary shaft in Two-stage nitration is arranged, and described second drive mechanism is located between this two-stage nitration.
CN201110182940.3A 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 Solar thermal collection system Expired - Fee Related CN102853567B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110182940.3A CN102853567B (en) 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 Solar thermal collection system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110182940.3A CN102853567B (en) 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 Solar thermal collection system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102853567A CN102853567A (en) 2013-01-02
CN102853567B true CN102853567B (en) 2016-09-21

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CN201110182940.3A Expired - Fee Related CN102853567B (en) 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 Solar thermal collection system

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19625204A1 (en) * 1996-06-25 1998-01-08 Wimmer Ulrich Dipl Ing Fh Tracking procedure for heliostat, solar collector or similar
KR20010079476A (en) * 2001-07-25 2001-08-22 박종근 Apparatus for keeping track of sun and a water heater there with
CN2797977Y (en) * 2005-06-28 2006-07-19 西藏华冠科技股份有限公司 Light sensitive solar energy automatic tracking device
CN101813387A (en) * 2010-04-27 2010-08-25 益科博能源科技(上海)有限公司 Sun tracker of solar collector
CN101820236A (en) * 2010-03-19 2010-09-01 益科博能源科技(上海)有限公司 Solar tracking device for solar collector
CN201789437U (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-04-06 雷小兵 Solar condensing device with fixed focus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19625204A1 (en) * 1996-06-25 1998-01-08 Wimmer Ulrich Dipl Ing Fh Tracking procedure for heliostat, solar collector or similar
KR20010079476A (en) * 2001-07-25 2001-08-22 박종근 Apparatus for keeping track of sun and a water heater there with
CN2797977Y (en) * 2005-06-28 2006-07-19 西藏华冠科技股份有限公司 Light sensitive solar energy automatic tracking device
CN101820236A (en) * 2010-03-19 2010-09-01 益科博能源科技(上海)有限公司 Solar tracking device for solar collector
CN101813387A (en) * 2010-04-27 2010-08-25 益科博能源科技(上海)有限公司 Sun tracker of solar collector
CN201789437U (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-04-06 雷小兵 Solar condensing device with fixed focus

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Granted publication date: 20160921

Termination date: 20190701