CN103858589A - Sorghum ear cutting and leaf peeling harvester - Google Patents

Sorghum ear cutting and leaf peeling harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103858589A
CN103858589A CN201410142012.8A CN201410142012A CN103858589A CN 103858589 A CN103858589 A CN 103858589A CN 201410142012 A CN201410142012 A CN 201410142012A CN 103858589 A CN103858589 A CN 103858589A
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China
Prior art keywords
conveyer
sorghum
tractor
straw
stripping
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CN201410142012.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103858589B (en
Inventor
郭志东
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Shandong University of Technology
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Priority to CN201410142012.8A priority Critical patent/CN103858589B/en
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Publication of CN103858589B publication Critical patent/CN103858589B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention provides a sorghum ear cutting and leaf peeling harvester which comprises a tractor, an ear cutting mechanism, spiral straw lifting devices, leaf peeling rollers, a conveyor and a collecting tank. The ear cutting mechanism, the spiral straw lifting devices, a disk sickle and a conveyor belt are arranged at the position, located at one end of the tractor, on a machine frame, the conveyor and the leaf peeling rollers are arranged on a chassis of the tractor, the collecting tank is arranged at the other end of the tractor, and the ear cutting mechanism is composed of a lifting oil cylinder, a hydraulic motor and disk cutters. The hydraulic motor drives the disk cutters at the two ends of the machine frame to rotate and cut off sorghum ears, the sorghum ears fall into a material bin of the hopper-type conveyor, the spiral straw lifting devices arranged at the two ends of the machine frame in an inclined mode rotate oppositely to drive sorghum straw, the disk sickle cuts off the root portions of the sorghum straw, the sorghum straw without the root portions falls onto the conveyor belt and is conveyed into the conveyor through the conveyor belt, the sorghum straw moves on the conveyor, the leaf peeling rollers rotate to drive leaf peeling fingers to conduct circular motion so as to peel leaves of the sorghum straw, a fan clears the peeled leaves, and then the sorghum straw enters the collecting tank.

Description

A kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine
Technical field
The invention provides a kind of Chinese sorghum and cut fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Broomcorn straw is sturdy, up to 2~3 meters, the stem stalk that after results, stalk is manually peelled off after blade can have multiple use, sorghum rice can make wine, eat etc., jowar fringe is made the broom of sweeping the floor whisk broom, sweeping a heatable brick bed, sweeping the floor after removing sorghum rice, the brush of the use that cleans a pot, sorghum stalk is made the kang mat on a heatable brick bed upper berth, the strqw cover that pendulum dumpling is used.
Chinese sorghum adopts artificial harvesting approach, first, with manually first cutting off the root of the ground of Chinese sorghum with reaping hook, cuts the fruit ear at top, is peeling the blade of stalk off, and operation is numerous and diverse, labour intensity is large, and time-consuming efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of shortcoming that production efficiency is low, labour intensity is large, time-consuming that exists can overcome existing Chinese sorghum results time, realize the mechanization of Chinese sorghum results overall process, Chinese sorghum cuts the functions such as fringe, stripping leaf, collection automatically, and efficiency is high, reduce results cost, reduce labor intensity.
Its technical scheme is.
Comprise tractor, cut spike body, the spiral stalk device of holding up, leave stripping roller cylinder, conveyer and collecting box, in the frame of tractor one end, be provided with and cut spike body, the spiral stalk device of holding up, disc cutter and conveyer belt, on tractor chassis, be provided with conveyer and leave stripping roller cylinder, the other end connects collecting box, when field harvest operation, two disc cutters on spike body of cutting at frame two ends do reverse rotation motion under the drive of hydraulic motor, cut off sorghum plant top fruit ear, fruit ear falls into elevating scoop conveyer and enters feed bin, simultaneously frame two ends spiral hold up stalk device under the drive of power two rotate in opposite directions, stirring inclination broomcorn straw is close together, the cutting knife that disc cutter is provided with cuts off broomcorn straw root and falls into conveyer belt, by conveyer belt, send into conveyer, broomcorn straw moves on conveyer, leave stripping roller cylinder rotarily drives stripping leaf and refers to move in a circle and peel off the blade of broomcorn straw, blade is peelled off in blower fan cleaning, broomcorn straw enters collecting box.
Described a kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, cuts spike body and is made up of dual force hoist cylinder, hydraulic motor, disc cutter.
Described a kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, and conveyer is divided into two sections, and two overlap independently transmission system, and slow near the conveyer rotating speed that transmits band edge, other end conveyer rotating speed is fast.
Described a kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, and unloading fuel tank one end is fixed on tractor chassis, and the other end connects with the bottom surface of collecting box, is provided with tension spring in collecting box.
Described a kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, and leave stripping roller cylinder periphery is provided with multiple stripping leaves and refers to, moves in a circle with the rotation of leave stripping roller cylinder.
Described a kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, and the spiral stalk device of holding up is that helical blade is fixed on hollow axle roller, and the spiral stalk device helical blade rotation direction of holding up on frame both sides is contrary.
Described a kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, blower fan is bi-channel fan, in the air outlet of blower fan, set up a dividing plate, move dividing plate and determine dividing plate, moving dividing plate one end with determine dividing plate and twist and be connected, the moving dividing plate other end is movably arranged in arc guide barrel near biside plate inwall end, and the air outlet of blower fan is partitioned into upper air duct and two air channels of lower air duct.
Compared with prior art, tool has the following advantages in the present invention.
1, Chinese sorghum cuts multiple function collection one machines of fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, and function is strong, once can complete whole operations, and machinery is cut fringe collection, the spiral functions such as stalk device, stripping leaf, conveying, collection of holding up.
2, on leave stripping roller cylinder periphery, fixedly mount flexible rubber stripping leaf and refer to, leave stripping roller cylinder rotarily drives stripping leaf and refers to move in a circle, and pats the blade of peelling off broomcorn straw.
3, on tractor, fix unloading fuel tank, the rising of oil cylinder drives collecting box to rise, and the blanking port baffle plate of collecting box is opened by the effect of gravity, and broomcorn straw falls from collecting box, after discharging completes, automatically closed by the pulling force of spring, realizes automatic discharging.
4, conveyer can be divided into two sections, and conveyer rotating speed is inconsistent, shells leaf processing near the conveyer that transmits band edge, motor speed is slow, and the stripping leaf time is long and fully, the conveyer rotating speed of close collecting box end is fast, stalk acceleration is large, and projectile motion realizes the automatic collection of broomcorn straw.
5, cutting spike body rotates by disc cutter the centrifugal force producing and fruit ear is thrown to elevating scoop conveyer is entering feed bin.
6, adopt bi-channel fan, lower air duct is thrown blade and impurity, and upper air duct blows away blade and impurity, and the wind of upper lower air duct is adjustable, and cleaning effect is good.
Accompanying drawing explanation.
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the bi-channel fan structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the disc cutter structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
wherein in figure:1, disc cutter 2, hydraulic motor 3, dual force hoist cylinder 4, tractor 5, leave stripping roller cylinder 6, collecting box 7, tension spring 8, unloading fuel tank 9, conveyer 10, blower fan 11, stripping leaf refer to 12, conveyer belt 13, disc cutter 14, spirally hold up stalk device 15, moving dividing plate 16, determine dividing plate 17, lower air duct 18, upper air duct 19, side plate 20, arc guide barrel 21, cutting knife.
Embodiment.
In the embodiment shown in 1~3, a kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, comprise tractor 4, cut spike body, the spiral stalk device 14 of holding up, leave stripping roller cylinder 5, conveyer 9 and collecting box 6, in the frame of tractor 4 one end, be provided with and cut spike body, the spiral stalk device 14 of holding up, disc cutter 13 and conveyer belt 12, cutting spike body is by dual force hoist cylinder 3, hydraulic motor 2, disc cutter 1 forms, 1 one clockwise directions of disc cutter rotate, another clockwise direction rotates, on tractor chassis, be provided with conveyer 9 and stripping leaf cylinder 5, the other end connects collecting box 6, when field harvest operation, under hydraulic motor 2 drives, two disc cutters 1 do reverse rotation motion, dual force hoist cylinder 3 liftings drive disc cutters 1 move up and down to regulate and cut fringe height, disc cutter 1 cuts off sorghum plant top fruit ear, the centrifugal force producing by disc cutter 1 rotation is thrown to elevating scoop conveyer by fruit ear and is being entered feed bin, simultaneously frame two ends spiral hold up stalk device 14 under the drive of power two rotate in opposite directions, stirring inclination broomcorn straw is close together, the spiral stalk device 14 of holding up is fixed on hollow axle roller for helical blade, the spiral stalk device 14 helical blade rotation directions of holding up on frame both sides are contrary, one left-handed, another dextrorotation, broomcorn straw is allocated in disc cutter 13 positions, disc cutter 13 is provided with cutting knife 21, under the drive of power, rotate, cut off broomcorn straw root and fall into conveyer belt 12, send into conveyer 9 by conveyer belt 12, broomcorn straw is moving at conveyer 9 tunnels, the stripping leaf that stripping leaf cylinder 5 peripheries are provided with multiple flexibilities refers to 11, stripping leaf refers to that 11 move in a circle with 5 rotations of leave stripping roller cylinder, the blade of broomcorn straw is peelled off in beating, blade is peelled off in blower fan 10 cleanings, blower fan 10 is bi-channel fan 10, in the air outlet of blower fan 10, set up a dividing plate, move dividing plate 15 and determine dividing plate 16, moving dividing plate 15 one end with determine dividing plate 16 and twist and be connected, moving dividing plate 15 other ends are movably arranged in arc guide barrel 20 near biside plate 19 inwall ends, the air outlet of blower fan 7 is partitioned into upper air duct 18 and 17 two air channels of lower air duct, lower air duct 17 is thrown blade and impurity, upper air duct 18 blows away blade and impurity, conveyer 9 is divided into two sections, two overlap independently transmission, conveyer 9 rotating speeds near conveyer belt 12 ends are slow, other end conveyer 9 rotating speeds are fast, stalk acceleration increases, projectile motion realizes the automatic collection of broomcorn straw, broomcorn straw enters collecting box 6, unloading fuel tank 8 one end are fixed on tractor frame, the other end connects with the bottom surface of collecting box 6, in collecting box 6, be provided with tension spring 7, when discharging, unloading fuel tank 8 rises, the blanking port baffle plate of collecting box 6 is opened by the effect of gravity, broomcorn straw falls from collecting box 6, automatically closed by the pulling force of tension spring 7, realize automatic discharging, efficiency of crop is high.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present invention; it is not the restriction of the present invention being made to other form; any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations; every technical solution of the present invention content that do not depart from; any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling above embodiment done according to the technical spirit of type of the present invention, still belong to the protection domain of type technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, comprise tractor (4), cut spike body, the spiral stalk device (14) of holding up, leave stripping roller cylinder (5), conveyer (9) and collecting box (6), in the frame of tractor (4) one end, be provided with and cut spike body, the spiral stalk device (14) of holding up, disc cutter (13) and conveyer belt (12), on tractor chassis, be provided with conveyer (9) and leave stripping roller cylinder (5), the other end is provided with collecting box (6), when field harvest operation, two disc cutters (1) on spike body of cutting at frame two ends do reverse rotation motion under the drive of hydraulic motor (2), cut off sorghum plant top fruit ear, fruit ear falls into elevating scoop conveyer and enters feed bin, simultaneously frame two ends spiral hold up stalk device (14) under the drive of power two rotate in opposite directions, stirring inclination broomcorn straw is close together, the cutting knife (21) that disc cutter (13) is provided with cuts off broomcorn straw root and falls into conveyer belt (12), send into conveyer (9) by conveyer belt (12), broomcorn straw is in the upper motion of conveyer (9), leave stripping roller cylinder (5) rotarily drives stripping leaf and refers to that (11) move in a circle and lash the blade of peelling off broomcorn straw, blower fan (10) is cleared up the blade of peelling off, broomcorn straw enters collecting box (6).
2. a kind of Chinese sorghum as claimed in claim 1 cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, it is characterized in that: cut spike body and be made up of dual force hoist cylinder (3), hydraulic motor (2), disc cutter (1).
3. a kind of Chinese sorghum as claimed in claim 1 cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, it is characterized in that: conveyer (9) is divided into two sections, and two overlap independently transmission system, and slow near conveyer (9) rotating speed of conveyer belt (12) end, other end conveyer (9) rotating speed is fast.
4. a kind of Chinese sorghum as claimed in claim 1 cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, it is characterized in that: unloading fuel tank (8) one end is fixed on tractor (4) chassis, and the other end connects with the bottom surface of collecting box (6), is provided with tension spring (7) in collecting box (6).
5. a kind of Chinese sorghum as claimed in claim 1 cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, it is characterized in that: leave stripping roller cylinder (5) periphery is provided with multiple stripping leaves and refers to (11), moves in a circle with leave stripping roller cylinder (5) rotation.
6. a kind of Chinese sorghum as claimed in claim 1 cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, it is characterized in that: the spiral stalk device (14) of holding up is fixed on hollow axle roller for helical blade, and spiral stalk device (14) the helical blade rotation direction of holding up on frame both sides is contrary.
7. a kind of Chinese sorghum as claimed in claim 1 cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine, it is characterized in that: blower fan (10) is bi-channel fan (10), in the air outlet of blower fan (10), set up a dividing plate, move dividing plate (15) and determine dividing plate (16), moving dividing plate (15) one end with determine dividing plate (16) and twist and be connected, moving dividing plate (15) other end is movably arranged in arc guide barrel (20) near biside plate (19) inwall end, and the air outlet of blower fan (10) is partitioned into upper air duct (18) and (17) two air channels of lower air duct.
CN201410142012.8A 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 A kind of Chinese sorghum cuts fringe stripping leaf reaping machine Expired - Fee Related CN103858589B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104380913A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-03-04 山东理工大学 Sesame cutting and harvesting machine
CN105684636A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-06-22 南京工业职业技术学院 Artemisia selengensis harvester
CN110733678A (en) * 2018-07-19 2020-01-31 安徽省东乾食品有限公司 Weight-balancing device for dehydrated vegetables
CN110892819A (en) * 2018-12-27 2020-03-20 江苏大学 Multi-layer segmentation-stubble-remaining cutting knife device for first-season ratoon rice, control method and combine harvester for first-season ratoon rice
CN112205183A (en) * 2020-10-13 2021-01-12 阜阳市宏桥秸秆科技有限公司 Straw board raw materials smashes compounding device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101073298A (en) * 2007-01-23 2007-11-21 广西大学 Combined sugarcane harvester combine harvester of sugarcane
CN201617020U (en) * 2009-12-01 2010-11-03 张清江 Broomcorn harvester
CN101889498A (en) * 2008-06-19 2010-11-24 柳州市汉森机械制造有限公司 Sugarcane combine harvester
CN201733619U (en) * 2010-06-04 2011-02-09 尤华 Whole-rod sugarcane combine harvester
CN201742733U (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-02-16 洛阳中收机械装备有限公司 High stalk crop combine harvester
CN102726165A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-10-17 柳州翔越农业机械有限公司 Combined sugarcane harvester

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101073298A (en) * 2007-01-23 2007-11-21 广西大学 Combined sugarcane harvester combine harvester of sugarcane
CN101889498A (en) * 2008-06-19 2010-11-24 柳州市汉森机械制造有限公司 Sugarcane combine harvester
CN201617020U (en) * 2009-12-01 2010-11-03 张清江 Broomcorn harvester
CN201733619U (en) * 2010-06-04 2011-02-09 尤华 Whole-rod sugarcane combine harvester
CN201742733U (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-02-16 洛阳中收机械装备有限公司 High stalk crop combine harvester
CN102726165A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-10-17 柳州翔越农业机械有限公司 Combined sugarcane harvester

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104380913A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-03-04 山东理工大学 Sesame cutting and harvesting machine
CN105684636A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-06-22 南京工业职业技术学院 Artemisia selengensis harvester
CN105684636B (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-10 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of reed punt-pole harvester
CN110733678A (en) * 2018-07-19 2020-01-31 安徽省东乾食品有限公司 Weight-balancing device for dehydrated vegetables
CN110892819A (en) * 2018-12-27 2020-03-20 江苏大学 Multi-layer segmentation-stubble-remaining cutting knife device for first-season ratoon rice, control method and combine harvester for first-season ratoon rice
CN112205183A (en) * 2020-10-13 2021-01-12 阜阳市宏桥秸秆科技有限公司 Straw board raw materials smashes compounding device

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Inventor after: Shi Lijuan

Inventor before: Guo Zhidong

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20171129

Address after: Puyang City, Henan province 457500 County Yang Ji Xiang Li Qiao Cun in No. 109

Patentee after: Shi Lijuan

Address before: 255086 Zibo high tech Industrial Development Zone, Shandong high Chong Park, block D, room 1012

Patentee before: Shandong University of Technology

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150909

Termination date: 20190410

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee