CN103829074B - For the production of the duck feed of duck fatty liver - Google Patents

For the production of the duck feed of duck fatty liver Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103829074B
CN103829074B CN201210473198.6A CN201210473198A CN103829074B CN 103829074 B CN103829074 B CN 103829074B CN 201210473198 A CN201210473198 A CN 201210473198A CN 103829074 B CN103829074 B CN 103829074B
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parts
feed
premix
vitamin
duck
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CN103829074A (en
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杨玉峰
高庆
冯光德
周磊
杜懿婷
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TIEQILISHI INDUSTRY Co Ltd SICHUANG PROV
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TIEQILISHI INDUSTRY Co Ltd SICHUANG PROV
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Abstract

Novel duck feed of the present invention relates to a kind of feed for the production of duck fatty liver, foie gras is produced and is divided into phase of raising in advance and forced-feeding phase to carry out formula Design by duck feed of the present invention, the phase of raising adopts the feed in advance of low-yield high microsteping in advance, comprises corn, Soybean Meal, rapeseed dregs, rice bran meal, palm kernel meal, salt, calcium monohydrogen phosphate, calcium carbonate, soybean lecithin powder, lysine sulphate, methionine, premix, complex enzyme, anticorrisive agent, antioxidant; Forced-feeding phase feed adopts the forced-feeding feed of the low albumen of high-energy, comprise corn, cornstarch, salt, calcium monohydrogen phosphate, calcium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, soybean lecithin powder, soybean oil, premix, anticorrisive agent, complex enzyme, antioxidant, feed of the present invention improves weight and the quality of duck fatty liver significantly, improves product hepatic efficiency.

Description

For the production of the duck feed of duck fatty liver
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of poultry feed, particularly relate to a kind of duck feed for the production of duck fatty liver.
Background technology
Foie gras, favors not only deeply because of delicious by top-grade consumption crowd, and nutritious, the essential fatty acid containing a large amount of needed by human body and lecithin.The whole world in recent years duck fatty liver output has reached more than 1.8 ten thousand tons, is more than 6 times of geese fatty liver output.In duck fatty liver is produced, feed plays a decisive role to foie gras weight and quality, and account for 70% of production cost.Develop a kind ofly reduce production cost, improve foie gras quality and improve the mixed feed producing hepatic efficiency very necessary.
Traditional foie gras is produced and is not considered that phase feed formula is raised in foie gras production in advance, often adopt the additional grass of general mixed feed, corn boiling after 5 ~ 10 minutes, drains and adds grease and premix mixing after then adopting boiling water by forced-feeding phase foie gras feed formula.There are three shortcomings in this feed formulation: the first, and the phase of raising does not have special feed to improve muscular stomach power and liver cell membrane fluidity to tradition in advance; The second, the step of forced-feeding phase feed matching while using is very loaded down with trivial details; 3rd, the process of corn, grease and premix mixing can be caused the uneven and part waste of the mixing of grease and premix by the preparation of forced-feeding phase feed in a reservoir.In addition, it tradition forced-feeding formula composition is the main protein raw materials that extra interpolation is a small amount of again with starch material, but by finding that on the research of foie gras mechanism of production albumen may affect the transhipment of lipid because of the synthesis of supply lipoprotein, (the Davail S such as Davail, Guy G, Andre J M, et O 1.Metabolism in two breeds of geese with moderate or largeoverfeeding induced liver-steatosis [Jl Comp Biochem Physiol A, 2000, 126:91-99) report the newly-generated triglycerides (Triglyceride of part, TG) will with (the Verylow density lipoprotein of VLDL in liver, VLDL) combine, and be secreted in blood, therefore go when the TG that the protein sources in minimizing formula may make the synthesis of VLDL reduce thus synthesize in minimizing liver is transported in blood.In addition, in feed formulation technique, conventional method adopts boiling corn in boiling water its objective is to make starch gelatinization in corn and the utilization ratio that improves starch, but because the poach time is too short, therefore the starch burn degree of most of corn only has 30-40%, and moisture is very high after boiling, dry reduces relatively, and the utilization ratio of feed reduces greatly.Adopt traditional feed, the foie gras obtained is less, monounsaturated fatty acids (Monounsaturated fattyacid wherein, MUFA), polyunsaturated fatty acid (Polyunsaturated fatty acid, PUFA), the nutrient composition content such as vitamin, saturated fatty acid (Saturated fatty acid, SFA), amino acid and phosphatide is lower.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of Novel duck feed that can increase foie gras weight, volume and foie gras nutritional labeling.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, a kind of duck feed for the production of duck fatty liver of the present invention, comprises and raises phase feed and forced-feeding phase feed in advance, the described raw material components of raising phase feed in advance and comprising following weight portion:
Corn: 60.0 ~ 70.0 parts, Soybean Meal: 9.0 ~ 10.0 parts, rapeseed dregs: 4.0 ~ 5.0 parts, rice bran meal: 7.0 ~ 12.0 parts, palm kernel meal: 3.0 ~ 3.8 parts, salt: 0.33 ~ 0.36 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 0.8 ~ 1.2 part, calcium carbonate: 1.2 ~ 1.4 parts, soybean lecithin powder: 2.0 ~ 3.0 parts, 65% lysine sulphate: 1.1 ~ 1.3 parts, methionine: 0.2 ~ 0.3 part, premix: 1.0 ~ 1.2 parts, complex enzyme formulation: 0.30 ~ 0.33 part, antioxidant: 0.03 ~ 0.05 part, anticorrisive agent 0.04 ~ 0.06 part;
Described forced-feeding phase feed comprises the component of following percetage by weight:
Corn: 26.3 ~ 33.0 parts, cornstarch: 60.0 ~ 65.0 parts, salt: 0.33 ~ 0.36 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.0 ~ 1.2 parts, calcium carbonate: 1.2 ~ 1.4 parts, sodium bicarbonate: 0.2 ~ 0.3 part, soybean lecithin powder: 0.9 ~ 1.0 part, soybean oil: 2.0 ~ 2.8 parts, premix 1.0 ~ 1.2 parts, complex enzyme formulation: 0.30 ~ 0.33 part, antioxidant: 0.03 ~ 0.05 part, anticorrisive agent 0.04 ~ 0.06 part.
Preferably, the described raw material components of raising phase feed in advance and comprising following weight portion:
Corn: 65 parts, Soybean Meal: 9.5 parts, rapeseed dregs: 4.5 parts, rice bran meal: 10 parts, palm kernel meal: 3.5 parts, salt: 0.35 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.0 parts, calcium carbonate: 1.3 parts, soybean lecithin powder: 2.5 parts, 65% lysine sulphate: 1.2 parts, methionine: 0.25 part, premix: 1.1 parts, complex enzyme formulation: 0.32 part, antioxidant: 0.04 part, anticorrisive agent 0.05 part;
Described forced-feeding phase feed comprises the raw material components of following weight portion:
Corn: 30 parts, cornstarch: 62 parts, salt: 0.35 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.1 parts, calcium carbonate: 1.3 parts, sodium bicarbonate: 0.25 part, soybean lecithin powder: 0.95 part, soybean oil: 2.5 parts, premix 1.1 parts, complex enzyme formulation: 0.32 part, antioxidant: 0.04 part, anticorrisive agent 0.05 part.
The present invention's above-mentioned each raw material components used is commercially available.
Wherein said complex enzyme formulation is based on the complex enzyme formulation of cellulase, pectase, Main Function destroys plant cell wall, elimination ANFs, nutriment in cell fully discharged and reduces the viscosity of gastrointestinal content, promoting digesting and assimilating of nutriment.In addition containing amylase, zytase, protease and 1,4 beta-glucanase etc., improve the utilization rate of feed, there is the effect of stronger assist digestion.Commercially available, as can purchased from Su Kehan (Weifang) bioengineering Co., Ltd, Beijing You Libao biotechnology Co., Ltd etc.65% lysine sulphate can purchased from companies such as China grain Group agriculture and animal husbandry science and technology Co., Ltd, Changchun great achievement industry groups.
Duck feed of the present invention, wherein said premix is commercially available prod, as can purchased from Wuhan Hui Sen Science and Technology Ltd. etc.
Preferably, described premix comprises ore deposit and adds premix and vitamin premix, all to wash rice bran for carrier.
Preferably, described ore deposit is added premix and is contained cupric sulfate pentahydrate, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, white vitriol, Manganese sulfate pentahydrate, Potassiumiodate, yeast selenium and sodium selenite; Described vitamin premix contains vitamin A, vitamin D 3, calcium pantothenate, vitamin E, Cobastab 2, Cobastab 1, Cobastab 6, Cobastab 12, vitamin K 3, nicotinic acid, folic acid and biotin.
More preferably, described ore deposit adds that premix contains cupric sulfate pentahydrate 8 parts, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 15 parts, white vitriol 17.8 parts, Manganese sulfate pentahydrate 9.4 parts, Potassiumiodate 0.4 part, yeast selenium 0-1 part (premix of raising in advance in phase feed does not add yeast selenium), sodium selenite 0.3 or 0.5 part (raise the premix in phase feed, sodium selenite 0.3 part in advance; Premix in forced-feeding phase feed, sodium selenite 0.5 part); Described vitamin premix contains vitamin A 4.5 parts, vitamin D 30.075 part, calcium pantothenate 7.5 parts, vitamin E 20 or 135 parts (raise the premix in phase feed, vitamin E 20 parts in advance; Premix in forced-feeding phase feed, vitamin E 135 parts), Cobastab 2(raise the premix in phase feed in advance, Cobastab for 4.8 parts or 2.0 parts 24.8 part; Premix in forced-feeding phase feed, Cobastab 22.0 parts), Cobastab 10.6 part, Cobastab 61800 parts, Cobastab 1218 parts, vitamin K 31500 parts, 10.5 parts, nicotinic acid, 0.15 part, folic acid, biotin 0.1 part.
Duck feed of the present invention, wherein preferred described anticorrisive agent is calcium propionate.
Duck feed difference from prior art of the present invention is, duck fatty liver is produced and is divided into phase of raising in advance and forced-feeding phase to carry out formula Design by duck feed of the present invention, and the selection of each component and weight proportion are that inventor's process looks through a great amount of information and long practical experience accumulates the preferable range value obtained.The phase of raising adopts the feed in advance of low-yield high microsteping, normal free choice feeding in advance, the forced-feeding feed of the low albumen of forced-feeding phase employing high-energy, mechanical forced-feeding.Improve weight and the quality of duck fatty liver significantly, improve product hepatic efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment and test data, to above-mentioned being described in more detail with other technical characteristic and advantage of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
The present invention selects the mule drake 90 in identical 12 week age respectively, raises in advance from 10 week age, and 12 week age started forced-feeding, was divided into control group and processed group.
The formula of control group feed corn+grease+premix traditionally, preparation method boiling water boiling traditionally drains the mode of mixing grease, premix mixing after 5 ~ 10 minutes.
Processed group feed adopts formula of the present invention, corn 70g is pulverized, cross 20 mesh sieves, refining temperature 70 DEG C ~ 80 DEG C, conditioning period 40 ~ 60 seconds, ring mould compression ratio (effective active length of finger ring mould and the ratio of die throat diameter) are 1:4, post curing technique (by placing or heating a kind of processing procedure making the abundant slaking of feed) is adopted to heat after mixing granulation, post curing temperature 65 DEG C ~ 70 DEG C, 20 ~ 25 minutes time.By Soybean Meal: 9g, rapeseed dregs: 4g, rice bran meal: 7g, palm kernel meal: 3g, salt: 0.33g, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 0.8g, calcium carbonate: 1.2g, soybean lecithin powder: 2g, lysine sulphate (65%): 1.1g, methionine (99%): 0.2g, premix: 1g, complex enzyme formulation (Beijing You Libao biotechnology Co., Ltd): 0.3g, antioxidant: 0.03g, calcium propionate 0.04g, join mixer successively to mix, mix rear granulation, packing, is raised phase feed in advance.
Prepare forced-feeding phase feed by above-mentioned same method, the content of each component is corn: 33.0g cornstarch: 60.0g salt: 0.33g calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.0g calcium carbonate: 1.2g sodium bicarbonate: 0.2g soybean lecithin powder: 0.9g soybean oil: 2.0g premix 1.0g complex enzyme formulation (Beijing You Libao biotechnology Co., Ltd): 0.30g, antioxidant: 0.03g, calcium propionate 0.04g.Obtain forced-feeding phase feed.
Wherein premix adds premix by ore deposit and vitamin premix forms, and all to wash rice bran for carrier, adds following component composition respectively, as shown in Table 1 and Table 2:
Each mineral content in premix is added in table 1 ore deposit
The each vitamin content of table 2 vitamin premix kind
After the feed of the identical amount of forced-feeding every day, concrete production performance and liver prouduction the results are shown in Table 3 and table 4.
The production performance of table 3 mule duck and liver prouduction
The conventional nutrients of table 4 mule duck fatty liver
By contrast test, we can find, the foie gras of the present invention's preparation produces the foie gras weight that Feed Energy significantly improves duck, reduces material liver ratio and adds liver body ratio, in addition, by the analysis to foie gras quality, the foie gras Feed Energy that the present invention produces significantly improves the nutritive index of foie gras.
Embodiment 2
With embodiment 1, be divided into control group and processed group, the processing mode of control group is with embodiment 1; In processed group, the preparation method of feed is with embodiment 1, and difference is, in feed, conventional commercial product is selected in each component formula and premix, as described below:
The consumption of raising each raw material components of phase feed is in advance:
Corn: 60.0g, Soybean Meal: 10.0g, rapeseed dregs: 5.0g, rice bran meal: 12.0g, palm kernel meal: 3.8g, salt: 0.36g, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.2g, calcium carbonate: 1.4g, soybean lecithin powder: 3.0g, 65% lysine sulphate: 1.3g, methionine: 0.3g, premix (Wuhan Hui Sen Science and Technology Ltd.): 1.2g, complex enzyme formulation (Beijing You Libao biotechnology Co., Ltd): 0.33g, antioxidant: 0.05g, calcium propionate 0.06g;
The consumption of each raw material components of forced-feeding phase feed is:
Corn: 26.3g, cornstarch: 65.0g, salt: 0.36g, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.2g, calcium carbonate: 1.4g, sodium bicarbonate: 0.3g, soybean lecithin powder: 1.0g, soybean oil: 2.8g, premix (Wuhan Hui Sen Science and Technology Ltd.) 1.2g, complex enzyme formulation (Beijing You Libao biotechnology Co., Ltd): 0.33g, antioxidant: 0.05g, calcium propionate 0.06g.
Embodiment 3
With embodiment 1, be divided into control group and processed group, the processing mode of control group is with embodiment 1; In processed group, the preparation method of feed is with embodiment 1, and difference is, in feed, conventional commercial product is selected in each component formula and premix, as described below:
The consumption of raising each raw material components of phase feed is in advance:
Corn: 65g, Soybean Meal: 9.5g, rapeseed dregs: 4.5g, rice bran meal: 10g, palm kernel meal: 3.5g, salt: 0.35g, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.0g, calcium carbonate: 1.3g, soybean lecithin powder: 2.5g, 65% lysine sulphate: 1.2g, methionine: 0.25g, premix (Sichuan Xu Ke feed corporation,Ltd): 1.1g, complex enzyme formulation (Su Kehan (Weifang) bioengineering Co., Ltd): 0.32g, antioxidant: 0.04g, calcium propionate 0.05g;
The consumption of each raw material components of forced-feeding phase feed is:
Corn: 30g, cornstarch: 62g, salt: 0.35g, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.1g, calcium carbonate: 1.3g, sodium bicarbonate: 0.25g, soybean lecithin powder: 0.95g, soybean oil: 2.5g, premix (Sichuan Xu Ke feed corporation,Ltd) 1.1g, complex enzyme formulation (Su Kehan (Weifang) bioengineering Co., Ltd): 0.32g, antioxidant: 0.04g, calcium propionate 0.05g.
After the feed of the embodiment 2,3 of the identical amount of forced-feeding every day, find that Feed Energy of the present invention significantly improves the foie gras weight of duck, reduce material liver ratio and add liver body ratio.In addition, by the analysis to foie gras quality, the nutritive index of foie gras significantly can be improved equally.
Above-described embodiment is only be described the preferred embodiment of the present invention; not scope of the present invention is limited; under not departing from the present invention and designing the prerequisite of spirit; the various distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art make technical scheme of the present invention and improvement, all should fall in protection domain that claims of the present invention determines.

Claims (5)

1. for the production of a duck feed for duck fatty liver, it is characterized in that: comprise and raise phase feed and forced-feeding phase feed in advance, the described raw material components of raising phase feed in advance and comprising following weight portion:
Corn: 60.0 ~ 70.0 parts, Soybean Meal: 9.0 ~ 10.0 parts, rapeseed dregs: 4.0 ~ 5.0 parts, rice bran meal: 7.0 ~ 12.0 parts, palm kernel meal: 3.0 ~ 3.8 parts, salt: 0.33 ~ 0.36 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 0.8 ~ 1.2 part, calcium carbonate: 1.2 ~ 1.4 parts, soybean lecithin powder: 2.0 ~ 3.0 parts, 65% lysine sulphate: 1.1 ~ 1.3 parts, methionine: 0.2 ~ 0.3 part, premix: 1.0 ~ 1.2 parts, complex enzyme formulation: 0.30 ~ 0.33 part, antioxidant: 0.03 ~ 0.05 part, anticorrisive agent 0.04 ~ 0.06 part;
Described forced-feeding phase feed comprises the raw material components of following weight portion:
Corn: 26.3 ~ 33.0 parts, cornstarch: 60.0 ~ 65.0 parts, salt: 0.33 ~ 0.36 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.0 ~ 1.2 parts, calcium carbonate: 1.2 ~ 1.4 parts, sodium bicarbonate: 0.2 ~ 0.3 part, soybean lecithin powder: 0.9 ~ 1.0 part, soybean oil: 2.0 ~ 2.8 parts, premix 1.0 ~ 1.2 parts, complex enzyme formulation: 0.30 ~ 0.33 part, antioxidant: 0.03 ~ 0.05 part, anticorrisive agent 0.04 ~ 0.06 part;
Described premix comprises ore deposit and adds premix and vitamin premix, all to wash rice bran for carrier;
Described complex enzyme formulation contains cellulase, pectase, amylase, zytase, protease and 1,4 beta-glucanase.
2. duck feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described raw material components of raising phase feed in advance and comprising following weight portion:
Corn: 65 parts, Soybean Meal: 9.5 parts, rapeseed dregs: 4.5 parts, rice bran meal: 10 parts, palm kernel meal: 3.5 parts, salt: 0.35 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.0 parts, calcium carbonate: 1.3 parts, soybean lecithin powder: 2.5 parts, 65% lysine sulphate: 1.2 parts, methionine: 0.25 part, premix: 1.1 parts, complex enzyme formulation: 0.32 part, antioxidant: 0.04 part, anticorrisive agent 0.05 part;
Described forced-feeding phase feed comprises the raw material components of following weight portion:
Corn: 30 parts, cornstarch: 62 parts, salt: 0.35 part, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 1.1 parts, calcium carbonate: 1.3 parts, sodium bicarbonate: 0.25 part, soybean lecithin powder: 0.95 part, soybean oil: 2.5 parts, premix 1.1 parts, complex enzyme formulation: 0.32 part, antioxidant: 0.04 part, anticorrisive agent 0.05 part.
3. duck feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described ore deposit is added premix and contained cupric sulfate pentahydrate, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, white vitriol, Manganese sulfate pentahydrate, Potassiumiodate, yeast selenium and sodium selenite; Described vitamin premix contains vitamin A, vitamin D 3, calcium pantothenate, vitamin E, Cobastab 2, Cobastab 1, Cobastab 6, Cobastab 12, vitamin K 3, nicotinic acid, folic acid and biotin.
4. duck feed according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described ore deposit is added premix and contained cupric sulfate pentahydrate 8 parts, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 15 parts, white vitriol 17.8 parts, Manganese sulfate pentahydrate 9.4 parts, Potassiumiodate 0.4 part, yeast selenium 0-1 part, sodium selenite 0.3 or 0.5 part; Described vitamin premix contains vitamin A 4.5 parts, vitamin D 30.075 part, calcium pantothenate 7.5 parts, vitamin E 20 or 135 parts, Cobastab 24.8 parts or 2.0 parts, Cobastab 10.6 part, Cobastab 61800 parts, Cobastab 1218 parts, vitamin K 31500 parts, 10.5 parts, nicotinic acid, 0.15 part, folic acid, biotin 0.1 part.
5. duck feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described anticorrisive agent is calcium propionate.
CN201210473198.6A 2012-11-20 2012-11-20 For the production of the duck feed of duck fatty liver Expired - Fee Related CN103829074B (en)

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CN107624994A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-26 安徽麒麟正大饲料有限公司 A kind of duck feed
CN109430527A (en) * 2018-10-22 2019-03-08 集美大学 A kind of anti diar rhea feed based on low molecular weight red algae sulfated polysaccharide

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CN102228144A (en) * 2011-06-20 2011-11-02 吉林大学 Formula of feed for force-feeding period of production of mule duck fat livers
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