CN103791849B - Monitoring system and measuring method for laser intelligent response type tunnel convergence - Google Patents

Monitoring system and measuring method for laser intelligent response type tunnel convergence Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103791849B
CN103791849B CN201410039290.0A CN201410039290A CN103791849B CN 103791849 B CN103791849 B CN 103791849B CN 201410039290 A CN201410039290 A CN 201410039290A CN 103791849 B CN103791849 B CN 103791849B
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measurement
laser
induction apparatuss
intelligence
measuring
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CN201410039290.0A
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CN103791849A (en
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许卫
周武
唐丽芳
代贞龙
刘志峻
陈丽
张乾
毛岚
易俗
莫晓聪
易华
何苗
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武汉长澳大地工程有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a monitoring system and measuring method for laser intelligent response type tunnel convergence. The method comprises the following steps that firstly, a laser intelligent response type tunnel convergence monitoring instrument fixing support is manufactured to enable the laser direction of a laser range finder to align with the other side wall of a tunnel, and a monitoring instrument is made to be in a horizontal state by observing the angle indication of a two-dimensional inclinometer on the monitoring instrument; secondly, the number of intelligent reflection inductors is determined according to the number of measuring points needing to be measured, and the intelligent reflection inductors are fixed at the positions needing to be measured; thirdly, the initial positions of the measuring points are predefined; fourthly, working measuring is carried out. According to the monitoring system and measuring method, the special intelligent reflection inductors, a measuring instrument with a microprocessor and a high-precision rotation mechanism are adopted, one measuring device is enough to finish automatic measuring on the size and changing data of crown settlement and horizontal convergence quantity of multiple measuring points in a certain area at a time, and the measuring result is accurate; timing and period monitoring can be automatically finished by setting the system monitoring period, and the measuring data can be automatically stored.

Description

Intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system and measuring method

Technical field

The invention belongs to Tunnel Engineering field of measuring technique is and in particular to a kind of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring System and measuring method.

Background technology

Tunnel convergence measure be shotcrete bolt construction method construction in must survey project.After tunnel excavation, surrouding rock stress will be divided again Cloth.In digging process, peripheral rock and supporting will be deformed, and this deformation is country rock and the change of supporting mechanical behavior is the most direct Reflection.When surrouding rock stress tends to balance, peripheral distortion tends towards stability, and this change procedure is referred to as " convergence ".Tunnel inner surface Convergence can be recorded by special measuring instrument.Observed by periphery displacement, vault sinking and horizontal convergence amount can be measured Size and development, thus can differentiate that tunnel surrounding is whether stable, also can differentiate that support work state and construction method are simultaneously No reasonable.

Tunnel cross-section measurement is one of important procedure of constructing tunnel.Mainly have following several at present in tunnel cross-section measurement The mode of kind:

1st, Ba Saite collective system:This system is by multiple bar elements(One long and one short be combined into a pair Bar element)Mutually hinged from beginning to end be arranged on section surrounding to be measured, constitute a measurement ring, bar element is built-in a kind of special High accuracy electrolyte obliquity sensor, a pin joint of the long galianconism of each pair is fixed with tunnel wall phase by fixture, another Pin joint is to float.When tunnel wall deforms, the several fixing points in deformed area must be made to produce(Space)Displacement, Drive related long galianconism activity, that is, long galianconism occurs angle change, is at this moment separately mounted to the obliquity sensor on long and short arm This small angle change just can be measured, if tunnel wall many places deform, often place's deformation to the effect of long galianconism is Superposition idol, i.e. the change of obliquity sensor perception is total change, can according to the length of change of pitch angle and each accordingly long galianconism To calculate the displacement of each fixing point, refer again to the coordinate in each fixing point home position it is possible to obtain a fixing point after change Physical location, as long as there being enough fixing points, the line of each moment each fixing point just can approximately represent tunnel wall Contour line, Bassett collective system is a kind of high accuracy, the system of automatic monitoring tunnel deformation.Whole system is automatic from data The display collecting result of calculation fully achieves computerization.But this system is relatively costly, monitoring point is installed also very multiple Miscellaneous.

2nd, convergence gauge is adopted to measure empty convergence in tunnel:It is characterized in completing to tunnel wall point-to-point transmission horizontal range Deflection measurement, measurement of vault sinking and heave displacement etc., this measurement method precision is reliable, but this kind of side There is the shortcomings of measurement data is little, and operation easier is big, labor intensity is high in method, need work on platform truck for large cross-section tunnel Make, operation inconvenience relatively.

3rd, electronic total station is adopted to measure:The method buries retro-reflective targets as measuring point on the cross section of cavern, and every two Become survey line between individual measuring point, erection electronic total station at measuring point can observed, measuring the three-dimensional coordinate of measuring point, public according to distance Formula calculates the three-dimensional distance between each two measuring point, the three-dimensional distance value that the three-dimensional distance value that same period time does not record was recorded with first time Difference be survey line between this two measuring point convergency value.Need not be every time close to measuring point during this method measurement, electronic total station is permissible Freely it is arranged on the place that can observe measuring point, without forced centering, measurement data can record automatically, can easily adopt Computer carries out post processing, realizes fast monitored, rapid feedback with guiding construction, but there is also instrument and equipment costliness, needs Want periodic measurement, and real-time delta data can not be obtained.

4th, adopt laser distance measurement method:Laser has good directionality, range accuracy height, romote ranging, strong antijamming capability etc. Advantage, carries out tunnel survey by the way of laser ranging, obtains in recent years more and more widely should in tunnel cross-section measurement With.

By inquiring about available data, mainly or for tunnel is single broken what tunnel cross-section laser measurement adopted at present The measurement of face convergency value is it is impossible to reflect the situation of convergence in a certain section of region in tunnel comprehensively.In addition existing laser measurement sets Adopt the direct illuminating method of laser or the methods such as reflecting prism, reflecting piece, laser direct irradiation are installed at measured point for usual Method is different due to tested surface material, and reflecting effect is bad, certainty of measurement is affected larger;Reflecting prism, reflecting piece etc. are installed Method can only passively receive laser beam, and after the reflecting prism installed, reflecting piece deform with tunnel convergence, original position becomes After change, typically common laser range finder cannot Automatic-searching reflecting prism, the position after reflecting piece deformation, thus causing to measure Inaccurate, precise decreasing.

In a word, all also there is the respective defect of itself it is difficult to real realize in above four kinds of measuring methods to tunnel convergence Requirement to the accuracy of tunnel convergence DATA REASONING, verity, real-time and convenience.

Content of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and design one kind is be applied to the engineering constructions such as tunnel, foundation ditch Automatic measuring measures size and the changing value of vault sinking and horizontal convergence amount, thus can differentiate whether tunnel surrounding is stable, simultaneously Also support work state and construction method can be differentiated whether rationally, monitoring for safety for tunnel engineering provides a kind of complete tunnel many Point convergence monitoring Intelligent Laser measuring system.

Intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system of the present invention, including:Intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring Instrument and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss.

Described intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument includes:Cabinet, control system, wireless receiver antenna, Steering wheel A, rotation platform, measurement bracket, steering wheel B, measurement arm, laser range finder and two-dimentional inclinator.Convergence monitoring instrument is fixed It is arranged on a side wall in tunnel, wherein laser range finder and two-dimentional inclinator are arranged on measurement arm, and measurement arm is by steering wheel B Drive, the axial direction of the laser beam axis that can send along laser range finder does 180 degree and moves back and forth, and measurement arm and steering wheel B install In measurement bracket, measurement bracket is fixed on rotation platform, and this platform is shaft-driven by rotating by steering wheel A, can be along tunnel Road cross-section axis do ± 90 degree of reciprocating motions.Steering wheel A, control system etc. are mounted in cabinet, and the LCD that control system carries touches Touch screen and be arranged on the convenient operation in cabinet surface.(referring to Fig. 1).

Described control system includes:Processor module, measurement module, servo driving module, power module, radio communication Module, extends LCD touch screen etc. simultaneously(Referring to Fig. 6).Power module removes and powers to each module of control system and LCD touch screen Outward, it is also responsible for providing power supply to equipment such as steering wheel A, B, laser range finder and two-dimentional inclinators.Processor module and measurement module, Between servo driving module, wireless communication module and LCD touch screen;Measurement module and laser range finder and two-dimentional inclinator it Between;It is connected between servo driving module and steering wheel A, B all using bidirectional data exchange form.Control system is removed LCD touch screen and is pacified It is contained in outside cabinet surface, other parts are installed in cabinet inside.Control system is the core of whole system, is mainly responsible for steering wheel Control, point data to be measured calculate, the reading of measurement data and preservation etc..Control system is by mutual with intelligence reflection induction apparatuss Matching coordinative, in conjunction with the angle of inclinator accurate designation system X, Y, drives industrial servos control rotation platform and measures turning of arm Moving and stop, thus ensureing being accurately positioned of measuring system measurement angle, and being measured by controlling laser range finder.

Described steering wheel includes steering wheel A, B, steering wheel A by rotary shaft drive rotation platform along tunnel cross-section do ± 90 degree past Multiple rotary motion;Measurement arm is driven by steering wheel B, and it is past that the axial direction of the laser beam axis that can send along laser range finder does 180 degree Multiple motion is it should be pointed out that the movement position of each rotation platform and measurement arm when measuring is control system according to section number According to calculate and deduce.

The steering wheel that the system uses is existing matured product high-power industry steering wheel on market, and steering wheel adopts carbide button Wheel, aluminium alloy reduction box, heavy-duty motor, have high torque output, simple installation, the features such as sturdy and durable.

Described intelligence reflection induction apparatuss include:Low-power scm system, battery system, photoreceiver, prism are anti- Emitter, wireless transmitter and fixed plate.Upward, be fixedly mounted on tunnel needs the position of measurement to fixed plate plane(Tunnel crown wall Or abutment wall), wherein power consumption Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system and battery system be placed in the can of a sealing, can and wireless transmit Device is fixed on below fixed plate together, and photoreceiver and prism reflector are fixed under can by lower hanging bracket Side, should keep intervisibility between photoreceiver and prism reflector and convergence monitoring instrument and have no occluder is (referring to Fig. 5).Its effect In addition to reflection laser beam, an important effect is that it can be by wireless when on laser beam irradiation to intelligence reflection induction apparatuss Emitter sends registration signal from trend convergence measurement instrument, thus stopping the rotation platform of convergence measurement instrument and turning of measurement arm Move it is ensured that convergence measurement instrument starts to measure in correct position, in order to prevent convergence measurement instrument to be subject in intelligence reflection induction apparatuss Misoperation under disturbed condition, every intelligence reflection induction apparatuss have the inherent address of oneself, intelligent laser response formula tunnel convergence Monitor can reflect induction apparatuss address by automatic intelligence relatively more to be measured No consistent, discriminate whether as interference signal it is ensured that system worked well.Intelligence reflection induction apparatuss quantity should measure as needed Section quantity and measuring point select.

The measuring method of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system of the present invention, its step is as follows:

(1) make intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument hold-down support, bearing is fixed on tunnel one side wall On, can be determined according to practical situation away from ground level, intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument is arranged on hold-down support, Make laser range finder laser direction be directed at another side wall in tunnel, by observing two-dimentional inclinator angle instruction on monitor, make Monitor is in horizontality;And record origin position coordinate;

(2) according to field condition, the measuring point number measuring as needed determines that intelligence reflects the quantity of induction apparatuss, will be anti-for intelligence Penetrate induction apparatuss and be fixed on the position needing measurement, make intelligence reflect prism reflector face and the intelligent laser response formula tunnel of induction apparatuss On road convergence monitoring instrument, laser range finder laser direction line is substantially vertical;

(3) measurement point initial position predefines:Intelligence reflection induction apparatuss cell switch is opened, starts intelligent laser response Formula convergence monitoring instrument, enters predefined program, by adjusting the angle of rotation platform and measurement arm, laser range finder is swashed Light direction is respectively aligned to the prism reflector that each intelligence mounted reflects induction apparatuss successively, when intelligence reflects the light of induction apparatuss After quick receptor receives laser beam, intelligence reflection induction apparatuss can be launched registration signal by wireless transmitter and inform laser intelligence Energy response formula convergence monitoring instrument, setting program will be automatically stopped rotation platform and the rotation of measurement arm, and predefined program is protected Deposit the angle now between rotation platform and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss(……), measurement arm with intelligence reflection sensing Angle between device(……)And laser range finder reflects the distance of induction apparatuss to intelligence( ……)Deng, and using these angle-datas as next measurement point original position, intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring Instrument will be calculated by these angle-datas and range data, draw (X, Y, the Z of this point)Whether coordinate data, restrain as passing judgment on Initial data and foundation;

(4) work measurement:After pressing automatic measurement button, the control system of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument Will according to be pre-stored in convergence monitoring instrument with each measuring point(Intelligence reflection induction apparatuss)Corresponding start angle position data, controls The laser beam of laser range finder is reflected induction apparatuss prismatic reflection to quasi intelligent by rotation platform and the rotational angle of measurement arm successively Device, if now laser beam is just directed at the prism reflector that intelligence to be measured reflects induction apparatuss, intelligently reflection induction apparatuss will for this Immediately registration signal is sent to convergence measurement instrument by wireless transmitter, intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument receives To after this signal, automatic measurement goes out the air line distance that now laser range finder reflects induction apparatuss away from this intelligence, and preserves this survey Amount(……)(……)As the original position of measurement next time, calculate this time measurement should simultaneously (X, Y, the Z of point)Coordinate data;

If now because tunnel occurs convergence or other reasonses, laser beam is caused to fail to be directed at intelligence reflection sense to be measured Answer the prism reflector of device, control system will carry out automated location correction, its method is to drive rotation platform and measurement arm to carry out OBL spiral scanning, so that laser beam is directed at this intelligence reflection induction apparatuss(Side-play amount is moved in its spiral scanning It is that program is set in advance, for correcting the displacement correction of horizontal angle and vertical angle), until laser beam is just directed at intelligence to be measured Induction apparatuss prism reflector can be reflected, now this intelligence reflection induction apparatuss will send registration signal from trend convergence measurement instrument, After convergence measurement instrument receives this registration signal, the rotation correction of rotation platform and measurement arm will be automatically stopped, measure now Laser range finder intelligently reflects the air line distance of induction apparatuss away from this, and preserves this measurement(……)(……)As the original position of measurement next time, calculate (X, Y, the Z this time measuring this point simultaneously)Coordinate data.

Intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system can be automatically performed timing and week by arranging the system monitoring cycle Phase monitors, and by the automatic Check also in the memorizer carrying with Monitoring Data that is saved in complete for surveyed data, abnormal number According to automatic rejection, number of non-compliances evidence is automatically resurveyed and convergent deformation automatically analyzes, forecasts and warning function.Also can be connect by communication Mouth downloads data to computer, is analyzed calculating by other softwares.

The advantage of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system of the present invention is that this system is special due to employing the present invention Some intelligence reflection induction apparatuss, the measuring instrument with microprocessor and high accuracy rotating mechanism are it is only necessary to measuring apparatus Once complete the size of multi-measuring point vault sinking and horizontal convergence amount and delta data in a certain region in automatic measurement tunnel, measurement Result accurately, can be automatically performed timing and cycle monitoring by arranging the system monitoring cycle, and can storing data automatically measurement number According to there is the automatic Check of Monitoring Data, abnormal data automatic rejection, number of non-compliances are according to automatically resurveying and convergent deformation divides automatically Analysis, forecast and warning function.Also computer can be downloaded data to by communication interface, be analyzed counting by other softwares Calculate.

By inquiring about available data, mainly or for tunnel is single broken what tunnel cross-section laser measurement adopted at present The measurement of face convergency value is it is impossible to reflect the situation of convergence in a certain section of region in tunnel comprehensively.In addition existing laser measurement sets Adopt the direct illuminating method of laser or the methods such as reflecting prism, reflecting piece, laser direct irradiation are installed at measured point for usual Method is different due to tested surface material, and reflecting effect is bad, certainty of measurement is affected larger;Reflecting prism, reflecting piece etc. are installed Method can only passively receive laser beam, and after the reflecting prism installed, reflecting piece deform with tunnel convergence, original position becomes After change, typically common laser range finder cannot Automatic-searching reflecting prism, the position after reflecting piece deformation, thus causing to measure Inaccurate, precise decreasing.

The invention proposes the concept of intelligent reflection induction apparatuss and automated location correction, by well-designed Intelligent reflection induction apparatuss, the measuring instrument with microprocessor and two-dimension high-precision rotation measuring mechanism cooperate it is only necessary to one Platform measuring apparatus can once complete the big of multi-measuring point vault sinking and horizontal convergence amount in a certain section of automatic measurement tunnel region Little and delta data, by the mutual response of intelligent reflection induction apparatuss and intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument, real Automated location calibration and debugging functions are showed it is ensured that measurement result accurately and reliably, solves existing tunnel convergence measurement method The defect existing, the real requirement realizing the accuracy to tunnel convergence DATA REASONING, verity, real-time and convenience.

The present invention adopts the accurate sign that combined with intelligentization reflects induction apparatuss sensing, coordinates cleverly Machine Design, by band The control system of microprocessor completes the Angle ambiguity of steering wheel and to the calculating of profile data to be measured it is ensured that measuring system is to measurement Section and azimuthal be accurately positioned and measure, technology maturation, method is reliable, practical.

Compared with general measuring method and existing laser measuring equipment, the present invention has intelligence degree height, measurement speed Degree is fast, once can complete the measurement of multi-measuring point cross section deformation, can carry out convergence monitoring for a long time or temporarily, high degree of automation, Manual intervention is little, the low advantage of labor intensity, and it is many to meet tunnel survey survey line, and the frequency is high, and the time is long, more than measurement data Require.In addition to this it is possible to for the monitoring of bridge static deflection, dump (power plant) cubing, power transmission line height detection In field, it is with a wide range of applications.

Brief description

Fig. 1 is laser response intelligent tunnel convergence detection instrument structural representation;

Fig. 2 is tunnel benchmark section many measurement angles schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is a certain region in tunnel multi-measuring point section survey schematic diagram;

Fig. 4 is multi-measuring point section survey method schematic diagram;

Fig. 5 is intelligence reflection sensor structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 6 is control system each module control block diagram.

Specific embodiment

Shown in root Ju Fig. 1-Fig. 6, a kind of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system, including:Intelligent laser response Formula convergence monitoring instrument and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss.

Described intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument includes:Cabinet 1, control system 2, wireless receiver antenna 3rd, steering wheel A4, rotation platform 5, measurement bracket 6, steering wheel B7, measurement arm 8, laser range finder 9 and two-dimentional inclinator 10.Convergence prison Survey instrument to be fixedly installed on a side wall in tunnel, wherein laser range finder 9 and two-dimentional inclinator 10 are arranged on measurement arm 8 On, measurement arm 8 is driven by steering wheel B7, and it is reciprocal that the axial direction of the laser beam axis that can send along laser range finder 9 does 180 degree angle Motion, measurement arm 8 and steering wheel B7 are arranged in measurement bracket 6, and measurement bracket 6 is fixed on rotation platform 5, and this platform is by rudder Machine A is shaft-driven by rotating, and can do ± an angle of 90 degrees along tunnel cross-section axis and move back and forth.Steering wheel A4, control system 2 etc. are all pacified It is loaded in cabinet, the LCD touch screen that control system 2 carries is arranged on the convenient operation in cabinet surface.(referring to Fig. 1).

Described control system 2 includes:Processor module, measurement module, servo driving module, power module, channel radio Letter module, extends LCD touch screen etc. simultaneously(Referring to Fig. 6).Power module removes and supplies to each module of control system and LCD touch screen Electricity is outer, is also responsible for providing power supply to equipment such as steering wheel A, B, laser range finder and two-dimentional inclinators.Processor module and measurement mould Between block, servo driving module, wireless communication module and LCD touch screen;Measurement module and laser range finder and two-dimentional inclinator Between;It is connected between servo driving module and steering wheel A, B all using bidirectional data exchange form.Control system removes LCD touch screen It is arranged on outside cabinet surface, other parts are installed in cabinet inside.Control system is the core of whole system, is mainly responsible for rudder The control of machine, point data to be measured calculating, the reading of measurement data and preservation etc..Control system is by reflecting induction apparatuss phase with intelligence Mutually matching coordinative, in conjunction with the angle of inclinator accurate designation system X, Y, drives industrial servos control rotation platform and measures arm Rotating and stop, thus ensureing being accurately positioned of measuring system measurement angle, and being measured by controlling laser range finder.

Described steering wheel includes steering wheel A, B, steering wheel A by rotary shaft drive rotation platform along tunnel cross-section do ± 90 degree past Multiple motion;Measurement arm is driven by steering wheel B, and the axial direction of the laser beam axis that can send along laser range finder does 180 degree and back and forth transports Move it should be pointed out that the movement position of rotation platform and measurement arm is control system according to profile data meter when measuring every time Calculate and deduce.

The steering wheel that the system uses is existing matured product high-power industry steering wheel on market, and steering wheel adopts carbide button Wheel, aluminium alloy reduction box, heavy-duty motor, have high torque output, simple installation, the features such as sturdy and durable.

Described intelligence reflection induction apparatuss include:Low-power scm system 11, battery system 12, photoreceiver 13, Prism reflector 14, wireless transmitter 15 and fixed plate 16.Upward, be fixedly mounted on tunnel needs measurement to fixed plate 16 plane Position(Tunnel crown wall or abutment wall), wherein power consumption Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 11 and battery system 12 be placed the can of a sealing Interior, can is fixed on below fixed plate together with wireless transmitter 15, and photoreceiver 13 and prism reflector 14 pass through Lower hanging bracket is fixed on below can, should keep logical between photoreceiver 13 and prism reflector 14 and convergence monitoring instrument Depending on and have no occluder (referring to Fig. 5).In addition to reflection laser beam, an important effect is when laser beam irradiation is to intelligence for its effect When on reflection induction apparatuss, it can send registration signal by wireless transmitter from trend convergence measurement instrument, thus stopping restraining The rotation of the rotation platform of measuring instrument and measurement arm is it is ensured that convergence measurement instrument starts to measure in correct position, in order to prevent receipts Hold back measuring instrument misoperation in the case of intelligence reflection induction apparatuss are interfered, every intelligence reflection induction apparatuss have the intrinsic of oneself Address, intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument can be reflected induction apparatuss address and be connect by automatic intelligence relatively more to be measured Whether the intelligence reflection induction apparatuss address receiving is consistent, discriminates whether as interference signal it is ensured that system worked well.Intelligence reflects The section quantity that induction apparatuss quantity should measure as needed and measuring point select.

The measuring method of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system of the present invention:Its step is as follows:

(1) make intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument hold-down support, bearing is fixed on tunnel one side wall On, can be determined according to practical situation away from ground level, intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument is arranged on hold-down support, Make laser range finder laser direction be directed at another side wall in tunnel, by observing two-dimentional inclinator angle instruction on monitor, make Monitor is in horizontality;And record origin position coordinate;

(2) according to field condition, the measuring point number measuring as needed determines that intelligence reflects the quantity of induction apparatuss, will be anti-for intelligence Penetrate induction apparatuss and be fixed on the position needing measurement, make intelligence reflect prism reflector face and the intelligent laser response formula tunnel of induction apparatuss On road convergence monitoring instrument, laser range finder laser direction line is substantially vertical;

(3) measurement point initial position predefines:Intelligence reflection induction apparatuss cell switch is opened, starts intelligent laser response Formula convergence monitoring instrument, enters predefined program, by adjusting the angle of rotation platform and measurement arm, laser range finder is swashed Light direction is respectively aligned to the prism reflector that each intelligence mounted reflects induction apparatuss successively, when intelligence reflects the light of induction apparatuss After quick receptor receives laser beam, intelligence reflection induction apparatuss can be launched registration signal by wireless transmitter and inform laser intelligence Energy response formula convergence monitoring instrument, setting program will be automatically stopped rotation platform and the rotation of measurement arm, and predefined program is protected Deposit the angle now between rotation platform and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss(……), measurement arm with intelligence reflection sensing Angle between device(……)And laser range finder reflects the distance of induction apparatuss to intelligence( ……)Deng, and using these angle-datas as next measurement point original position, intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring Instrument will be calculated by these angle-datas and range data, draw (X, Y, the Z of this point)Whether coordinate data, restrain as passing judgment on Initial data and foundation;

(4) work measurement:After pressing automatic measurement button, the control system of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument Will according to be pre-stored in convergence monitoring instrument with each measuring point(Intelligence reflection induction apparatuss)Corresponding start angle position data, controls The laser beam of laser range finder is reflected induction apparatuss prismatic reflection to quasi intelligent by rotation platform and the rotational angle of measurement arm successively Device, if now laser beam is just directed at the prism reflector that intelligence to be measured reflects induction apparatuss, intelligently reflection induction apparatuss will for this Immediately registration signal is sent to convergence measurement instrument by wireless transmitter, intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument receives To after this signal, automatic measurement goes out the air line distance that now laser range finder reflects induction apparatuss away from this intelligence, and preserves this survey Amount(……)(……)As the original position of measurement next time, calculate this time measurement should simultaneously (X, Y, the Z of point)Coordinate data;

If now because tunnel occurs convergence or other reasonses, laser beam is caused to fail to be directed at intelligence reflection sense to be measured Answer the prism reflector of device, control system will carry out automated location correction, its method is to drive rotation platform and measurement arm to carry out OBL spiral scanning, so that laser beam is directed at this intelligence reflection induction apparatuss(Side-play amount is moved in its spiral scanning It is that program is set in advance, for correcting the displacement correction of horizontal angle and vertical angle), until laser beam is just directed at intelligence to be measured Induction apparatuss prism reflector can be reflected, now this intelligence reflection induction apparatuss will send registration signal from trend convergence measurement instrument, After convergence measurement instrument receives this registration signal, the rotation correction of rotation platform and measurement arm will be automatically stopped, measure now Laser range finder intelligently reflects the air line distance of induction apparatuss away from this, and preserves this measurement(……)(……)As the original position of measurement next time, calculate (X, Y, the Z this time measuring this point simultaneously)Coordinate data.

As a example intelligently reflecting induction apparatuss below by way of measurement n-th, automatic measurement step is described it is assumed that laser during premeasuring Intelligent response formula convergence monitoring instrument intelligently reflects the corresponding measurement angle of induction apparatuss with n-th, Laser Measuring The distance that distance meter intelligently reflects induction apparatuss to n-th is.

After measurement starts, the control system of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument will be by steering wheel A by rotary flat Platform axis rotates corresponding to n-th intelligence reflection induction apparatuss, meanwhile, under steering wheel B drives, measurement arm axle line position will It is automatically rotated toDirection, laser range finder sends prediction laser beam, if now laser beam is just directed at intelligence to be measured Reflection induction apparatuss, this intelligence reflection induction apparatuss will send registration signal to convergence measurement instrument, and intelligent laser response formula tunnel is received Hold back monitor and now measure the air line distance that laser range finder reflects induction apparatuss away from this intelligenceIf, now due to tunnel Road convergence or other reasonses, cause to predict that laser beam fails to be directed at intelligence reflection induction apparatuss to be measured, control system will be carried out certainly Dynamic position correction, its method is to drive rotation platform and measurement arm to carry out OBL spiral scanning so that laser will be predicted This intelligence reflection induction apparatus of bundle be aligned(Its mobile side-play amount is set in advance, for correcting the position of horizontal angle and vertical angle Move), until prediction laser beam is just directed at intelligence reflection induction apparatuss to be measured, now this intelligently reflects induction apparatuss and will survey to convergence Amount instrument sends registration signal, after convergence measurement instrument receives registration signal, will be automatically stopped rotation platform and measures turning of arm Dynamic correction, measures the air line distance that laser range finder reflects induction apparatuss away from this intelligence, and obtained by two-dimentional inclinator This is stylish, preserve=,=Intelligently reflect induction apparatuss as measurement next time n-th Measurement initial angle.

According to existing, with reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, n-th can be calculated by sine Intelligence reflection induction apparatussCoordinate figure, below for computing formula:

.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system it is characterised in that:Receive including intelligent laser response formula tunnel Hold back monitor and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss;Described intelligence reflection induction apparatuss, including:Low-power scm system (11), battery System (12), photoreceiver (13), prism reflector (14), wireless transmitter (15) and fixed plate (16);Fixed plate (16) Upward, be fixedly mounted on tunnel needs the position of measurement, wherein power consumption Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system (11) and battery system (12) quilt to plane Place in the can of a sealing, can is fixed on below fixed plate together with wireless transmitter (15), photosensitive reception Device (13) and prism reflector (14) are fixed on below can by lower hanging bracket, photoreceiver (13) and prismatic reflection Intervisibility and have no occluder should be kept between device (14) and convergence monitoring instrument;Intelligence reflection induction apparatuss and intelligent laser response formula tunnel Between convergence monitoring instrument, the accurate para-position to each monitoring point is completed by wireless interactive response, thus reach checking and accepting to each monitoring Hold back the accurate measurement of value;Described intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument includes:Cabinet (1), control system (2), no Line receiver antenna (3), steering wheel A (4), rotation platform (5), measurement bracket (6), steering wheel B (7), measurement arm (8), laser ranging Instrument (9) and two-dimentional inclinator (10), convergence monitoring instrument is fixedly installed on a side wall in tunnel, wherein laser range finder (9) and two-dimentional inclinator (10) is arranged in measurement arm (8), measurement arm (8) is driven by steering wheel B (7), can be along laser range finder (9) axial direction of the laser beam axis sending does 0 degree and moves back and forth to 180 degree, and measurement arm (8) and steering wheel B (7) are arranged on measurement On support (6), measurement bracket (6) is fixed on rotation platform (5), and this platform is shaft-driven by rotating by steering wheel A, can edge Tunnel cross-section axis does ± 90 degree of reciprocating motions;Steering wheel A (4), control system (2) are installed in cabinet, and control system (2) carries LCD touch screen be arranged on that cabinet surface is convenient to be operated.
2. intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system described in 1 is wanted according to right it is characterised in that:Described control system System (2) includes:Processor module, measurement module, servo driving module, power module, wireless communication module, extend simultaneously LCD touch screen;Power module, in addition to powering to each module of control system and LCD touch screen, is also responsible for steering wheel A, steering wheel B, swashs Optar and two-dimentional inclinator provide power supply;Processor module and measurement module, servo driving module, wireless communication module and Between LCD touch screen, between measurement module and laser range finder and two-dimentional inclinator, servo driving module is driven with steering wheel A, steering wheel It is connected between dynamic model block and steering wheel B all using bidirectional data exchange form;Control system is arranged on cabinet surface except LCD touch screen Outward, other parts are installed in cabinet inside;Control system is the core of whole system, is mainly responsible for:Control steering wheel, calculate and treat Measuring point data, reading and preservation measurement data;Control system by cooperating coordination with intelligence reflection induction apparatuss, in conjunction with inclination angle The angle of instrument accurate designation system X, Y, drives industrial servos control rotation platform and the rotation and the stopping that measuring arm, thus ensureing Being accurately positioned of measuring system measurement angle, and measured by controlling laser range finder.
3. a kind of intelligent laser realized based on the intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring system described in claim 1 or 2 The measuring method of response formula convergence monitoring system it is characterised in that:Its step is as follows:
(1) make intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument hold-down support, bearing is fixed on tunnel one side wall, away from Ground level can determine according to practical situation, and intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument is arranged on hold-down support, makes to swash Another side wall in optar laser direction be aligned tunnel, by observing two-dimentional inclinator angle instruction on monitor, makes monitoring Instrument is in horizontality;And record origin position coordinate;
(2) according to field condition, the measuring point number measuring as needed determines that intelligence reflects the quantity of induction apparatuss, by intelligence reflection sense Answer device to be fixed on the position needing measurement, make intelligence reflect prism reflector face and the intelligent laser response formula tunnel receipts of induction apparatuss Hold back laser range finder laser direction line on monitor substantially vertical;
(3) measurement point initial position predefines:Intelligence reflection induction apparatuss cell switch is opened, starts intelligent laser response formula tunnel Road convergence monitoring instrument, enters predefined program, by adjusting the angle of rotation platform and measurement arm, by laser range finder laser side To the prism reflector being respectively aligned to each intelligence reflection induction apparatus mounted successively, when intelligence reflection the photosensitive of induction apparatuss connects After receipts device receives laser beam, intelligence reflection induction apparatuss can be launched registration signal by wireless transmitter and inform that intelligent laser should Answer formula convergence monitoring instrument, setting program preserves this by being automatically stopped the rotation of rotation platform and measurement arm, predefined program When rotation platform and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss between angle, measurement arm and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss between angle and laser Diastimeter to intelligence reflect induction apparatuss distance, and using these angle-datas as next measurement point original position, laser Intelligent response formula convergence monitoring instrument will be calculated by these angle-datas and range data, draw the number of coordinates of this measurement point According to as passing judgment on the initial data whether restrained and foundation;
(4) work measurement:After pressing automatic measurement button, the control system of intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument is by root According to being pre-stored in start angle position data corresponding with each measuring point in convergence monitoring instrument, control rotation platform and measure turning of arm The laser beam of laser range finder is reflected induction apparatuss prism reflector to quasi intelligent, if now laser beam is just by dynamic angle successively Be directed at well the prism reflector that intelligence to be measured reflects induction apparatuss, this intelligently reflection induction apparatuss will pass through immediately wireless transmitter to Convergence measurement instrument sends registration signal, after intelligent laser response formula convergence monitoring instrument receives this signal, automatic measurement Go out the air line distance that now laser range finder reflects induction apparatuss away from this intelligence, and it is anti-with intelligence to preserve the rotation platform of this measurement Penetrate the original position that the angle between the angle between induction apparatuss, measurement arm and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss measures as next time, with When calculate the coordinate data this time measuring this measurement point;
If now because tunnel occurs convergence or other reasonses, laser beam is caused to fail to be directed at intelligence reflection induction apparatuss to be measured Prism reflector, control system will carry out automated location correction, its method be drive rotation platform and measurement arm carry out rectangular The spiral scanning of shape, laser beam to be directed at this intelligence reflection induction apparatuss, until laser beam is just directed at intelligence to be measured Induction apparatuss prism reflector can be reflected, now this intelligence reflection induction apparatuss will send registration signal from trend convergence measurement instrument, After convergence measurement instrument receives this registration signal, the rotation correction of rotation platform and measurement arm will be automatically stopped, measure now Laser range finder intelligently reflects the air line distance of induction apparatuss away from this, and preserves rotation platform and the intelligence reflection sensing of this measurement Angle between angle between device, measurement arm and intelligence reflection induction apparatuss, as the original position of measurement next time, calculates simultaneously Go out this time to measure the coordinate data of this measurement point.
CN201410039290.0A 2014-01-27 2014-01-27 Monitoring system and measuring method for laser intelligent response type tunnel convergence CN103791849B (en)

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