CN103787053A - Intelligent assembly line vehicle spare tire mounting device - Google Patents

Intelligent assembly line vehicle spare tire mounting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103787053A
CN103787053A CN201310710439.9A CN201310710439A CN103787053A CN 103787053 A CN103787053 A CN 103787053A CN 201310710439 A CN201310710439 A CN 201310710439A CN 103787053 A CN103787053 A CN 103787053A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
handgrip
spare tyre
plate
piston rod
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CN201310710439.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103787053B (en
Inventor
李书涛
顾伟明
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Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Zhejiang Jingang Automobile Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Zhejiang Jingang Automobile Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310710439.9A priority Critical patent/CN103787053B/en
Publication of CN103787053A publication Critical patent/CN103787053A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103787053B publication Critical patent/CN103787053B/en
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Abstract

An intelligent assembly line vehicle spare tire mounting device comprises a spare tire storage trolley, a spare tire gripper, a runway-shaped rail, a moving trolley, a spare tire gripper lifting component, a moving trolley position detecting device, a pressure gas pipeline center, a central control unit, a pneumatic rotating joint, an electric rotating joint, a trolley driving mechanism and a vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism. The spare tire gripper comprises a gripper cylinder, a gripper piston rod, three gripper plates and three connecting members, outer diameter of the gripper cylinder is smaller than diameter of a central hole of a spare tire assembly by 1.5-3mm, the piston rod moves up and down to drive the outer sides of the gripper plates to retract or protrude inside or outside the outer surface of the gripper cylinder, the spare tire lifting component comprises a middle plate, an upper cylinder and a lower cylinder, the lower end of a piston rod of the upper cylinder is fixedly connected with one end of the middle plate, the upper end of a cylinder body of the upper cylinder is fixedly connected with the lower end of a vertical connecting rod, the upper end of a cylinder body of the lower cylinder is fixedly connected with the other end of the middle plate, and the lower end of a piston rod of the lower cylinder is fixedly connected with the upper end of the gripper cylinder.

Description

Conveyor line vehicle spare tyre is installed intelligent apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to automobile spare tire mounting device, especially relate to the spare tyre that on a kind of conveyor line, vehicle spare tyre is installed in three railway carriage or compartment compact car boots and shift intelligent apparatus.
 
Background technology
The spare tyre of three railway carriage or compartment compact cars is placed in the installation site of the bottom of being located at automobile trunk conventionally, and the installation of spare tyre generally completes on main engine plants' conveyor line.At present, the installation of spare tyre in the boot of three railway carriage or compartment compact cars is mainly to rely on the tire assembly that operative employee installs upper order [tire divides wiring] point to take from spare tyre shelf, then hand-held spare tyre assembly, to the vehicle to be installed in movement, is placed on the corresponding installation site with mounting vehicle by spare tyre assembly.Because each spare tyre assembly weight is in 18Kg left and right, every day is by 240 calculating of daily output, every day, operative employee needed hand-held, mobile spare tyre assembly total mass at 4320Kg, employee's labor content is large, fatiguability, easily occur that mistakes and omissions fill, scratch the quality problems such as the trim panel of boot, are unfavorable for improving Assembling Production efficiency and the quality of automobile.
 
Summary of the invention
The conveyor line vehicle spare tyre that main goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of labour intensity that can effectively reduce operative employee, be conducive to the three railway carriage or compartment roadlices that improve car assembling production efficiency and quality is installed intelligent apparatus.
The present invention's technical scheme used is: a kind of conveyor line vehicle spare tyre is installed intelligent apparatus, comprises spare tyre storage trolley, spare tyre handgrip, is fixed on track type track, the travelling car along track type rail moving, the spare tyre handgrip lifting assembly of conveyor line top; Between racetrack orbit and travelling car, be provided with travelling car position detecting device; Travelling car is provided with pressed gas pipeline center, central controller, cyclone adapter, electric swivel joint; Spare tyre handgrip is pneumatic gripping device, handgrip piston rod, three handgrip plates and the three piece attaching partss of the cylinder that comprise handgrip cylinder body, is located at handgrip cylinder body in hole; The external diameter of handgrip cylinder body is less than 1.5 to 3 millimeters of the diameters of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the lower end of handgrip cylinder body be provided with three circumferential uniform, with the handgrip plate mounting groove of handgrip cylinder body axially parallel; Handgrip plate is arranged in handgrip plate mounting groove, the upper end of its upper end and handgrip plate mounting groove is hinged, its inner side is that an inclined-plane, outside are a plane, the lower end of its inner side is positioned at the cylinder hole of handgrip cylinder body, the lower end of its inner side and handgrip piston rod is movably connected, the cylinder part in hole and the lower end of handgrip piston rod that its lower end is positioned at handgrip cylinder body are connected with the upper and lower end of attaching parts respectively, the outside that moves up and down drive handgrip plate of handgrip piston rod receive or give prominence to the outside face of handgrip cylinder body within or outside; Spare tyre handgrip lifting assembly comprises intermediate plate, upper cylinder, lower cylinder; The upper surface of the lower end of the piston rod of upper cylinder and one end of intermediate plate is connected, and the upper end of the cylinder body of upper cylinder is connected with the lower end that is rotatably supported in the vertical connecting rod on travelling car; The lower surface of the upper end of the cylinder body of lower cylinder and the other end of intermediate plate is connected, and the upper end of the lower end of the piston rod of lower cylinder and handgrip cylinder body is connected; On travelling car, be also provided with trolley driving mechanism and vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism.
Here, pressed gas pipeline center is provided with corresponding pipeline with electromagnetic valve, be connected with pressure gas source by cyclone adapter, central controller by electric swivel joint access power supply, be provided with battery socket and signal wire interface.Upper and lower cylinder and spare tyre handgrip respectively the two-way tracheae by are separately connected with corresponding electromagnetic valve at heart in pressed gas pipeline, and each electromagnetic valve at heart in pressed gas pipeline, trolley driving mechanism and vertically connecting rod rotating mechanism are all electrically connected and accept the control of central controller with central controller.When use, first in spare tyre packing, spare tyre is stacked on spare tyre storage trolley, every conveyor line is at least joined two spare tyre storage trolleys in order to transfer conversion.Then a spare tyre storage trolley that installs spare tyre is shifted onto to the other fixed position of conveyor line and put well, this fixed position is positioned at the below of the right-hand member of the front rectilinear orbit of track type track, and travelling car moves along track type track conter clockwise.Travelling car position detecting device comprises three test columns that are fixed on track type track and is fixed on corresponding three detection probe on travelling car, detection probe and central controller electrical connection.Three test columns divide the first test column, the second test column and the 3rd test column, correspondingly three detection probe are the first detection probe coordinating with the first test column, the second detection probe coordinating with the second test column and the 3rd detection probe that coordinates with the 3rd test column, and three detection probe are approach switch.The first test column, the second test column and the 3rd test column are separately fixed at the right-hand member of the right-hand member of the front linear portion of track type track, rear rectilinear end and the left end of front linear portion, three's height difference, and upper end is electric conductor; The correspondingly upper end matched of setting height(from bottom) respectively with first, second, and third test column of first, second, and third detection probe.Before travelling car is along track type rail moving to track type track when the right-hand member position of rectilinear orbit, the first detection probe is sent signal to central controller, central controller receives that sending travelling car after the signal that the first detection probe sends stops movable signal, trolley driving mechanism stops driving work, the now positive right-hand member of the position of upper cylinder in lower cylinder position, all most significant bits in corresponding cylinder body of the piston rod of upper and lower air cylinders and handgrip piston rod, spare tyre handgrip is received in the lateral surface of handgrip cylinder body.When trolley driving mechanism stops driving work, travelling car brake is parked in the position of picking up spare tyre, and then central controller control upper cylinder piston rod extends downwards, drives intermediate plate, lower cylinder and spare tyre handgrip to move down simultaneously.In the time filling spare tyre on spare tyre storage trolley, the lower end that intermediate plate drops to handgrip cylinder body stops moving down while reaching spare tyre assembly centre hole below, now intermediate plate is positioned at the top of spare tyre storage trolley, the piston rod of lower cylinder is positioned at the vertex of lower cylinder cylinder body, then central controller sends signal, handgrip piston rod moves down and promotes outside handgrip plate lower end to open, the handgrip plate of outer tightly blocks the hole wall of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the piston rod that now central controller sends manipulation signal control upper cylinder again goes back up to top dead center position, now intermediate plate, lower cylinder, spare tyre handgrip and the spare tyre assembly of being lived by handgrip board synchronously rise to vertex, in the time capturing the spare tyre assembly of the layer second from the bottom on spare tyre storage trolley, the piston rod of upper cylinder reaches bottom dead center position downwards, now the lower surface of intermediate plate has just been positioned on the upper surface of spare tyre storage trolley or a little less than the upper surface of spare tyre storage trolley, and the still extreme higher position in lower cylinder cylinder body of the piston rod of lower cylinder, just in time stretch below the centre hole of layer spare tyre assembly second from the bottom the lower end of handgrip cylinder body, then central controller sends signal, handgrip piston rod moves down and promotes outside handgrip plate lower end to open, the handgrip plate of outer tightly blocks the hole wall of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the piston rod that now central controller sends manipulation signal control upper cylinder again goes back up to top dead center position, now intermediate plate, lower cylinder, spare tyre handgrip and the spare tyre assembly of being lived by handgrip board synchronously rise to vertex, in the time being left last one deck spare tyre assembly on spare tyre storage trolley, the piston rod of upper cylinder reaches bottom dead center position downwards, now the lower surface of intermediate plate has just been positioned on the upper surface of spare tyre storage trolley or a little less than the upper surface of spare tyre storage trolley, then central controller sends under the piston rod of signal handling lower cylinder and reaches bottom dead point, under the drive that now stretch under the piston rod of lower cylinder the lower end of handgrip cylinder body, just in time stretch one deck centre hole in the end below, then central controller sends signal, handgrip piston rod moves down and promotes outside handgrip plate lower end to open, the handgrip plate of outer tightly blocks the hole wall of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the piston rod that now central controller sends manipulation signal control upper cylinder and lower cylinder again all goes back up to top dead center position, now intermediate plate, lower cylinder, spare tyre handgrip and the spare tyre assembly of being lived by handgrip board synchronously rise to vertex.When spare tyre handgrip is capturing in the process of spare tyre assembly, the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed travels forward along conveyor line; In the time that intermediate plate, lower cylinder, spare tyre handgrip and the spare tyre assembly of being lived by handgrip board synchronously rise to vertex, the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed just in time enters the below of racetrack orbit and crosses the arc-shaped rail of the right-hand member of racetrack orbit, now central controller starts the arc-shaped rail Accelerating running of travelling car along racetrack orbit right-hand member again, until travelling car proceeds to the rear linear portion track of racetrack orbit and catch up with the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed, travelling car transfers the state of kinematic motion of the miniature car of following spare tyre to be installed to.When the miniature car that catches up with spare tyre to be installed at travelling car enters the right-hand member of rear linear portion track of racetrack orbit, the second detection probe is sent signal to central controller, central controller is received and is sent instruction after the signal that the second detection probe sends and manipulate vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism and vertical connecting rod is clockwise rotated to an angle of 90 degrees stop, now the spare tyre assembly on spare tyre handgrip is just in time arranged in the top of the boot spare tyre installation site of the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed, and simultaneously intermediate plate has been avoided and the contacting of the opened case cover of the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed.Then central controller continues to send under instruction manipulation upper cylinder piston rod and reaches desired location, now spare tyre assembly just in time enters in the boot of miniature car of spare tyre to be installed completely, then central controller sends the rise of instruction manipulation handgrip piston rod again, the handgrip piston rod ging up drives three handgrip plates to shrink and gets back in handgrip plate mounting groove, spare tyre assembly drops in the boot of miniature car of spare tyre to be installed in the effect of deadweight, after spare tyre assembly departs from spare tyre handgrip, the piston rod that central controller sends instruction manipulation upper cylinder again goes back up to top dead center position, now spare tyre handgrip under correct the top of the filter box mouth of the boot of the miniature car that rises to spare tyre to be installed, travelling car has moved on to the left end of the rear linear portion track of racetrack orbit, after this miniature car that installs spare tyre assembly continues to move ahead and the below of the type track that clears the runway, travelling car is got back to the left end of the front rectilinear orbit of racetrack orbit along the arc-shaped rail of the left end of racetrack orbit, the 3rd detection probe is sent signal to central controller device, central controller receives that again sending instruction after the signal of the 3rd detection probe manipulates vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism vertical connecting rod is rotated counterclockwise to an angle of 90 degrees, like this spare tyre handgrip lifting assembly turn back to not only upper cylinder but also, lower cylinder is at left state, then travelling car continues to move right until arrive the right-hand member of the front rectilinear orbit of track type track, the present invention enters the crawl of a new round and the work that spare tyre assembly is installed.Whole crawl and the work that spare tyre assembly is installed, except depositing spare tyre assembly on spare tyre storage trolley, spare tyre storage trolley being pushed away and is put into the spare tyre storage trolley that conveyor line is other and replacing conveyor line is other, work is carried out in the basic manipulation that relies on central controller, thereby can greatly alleviate workman's labour intensity, raising car assembling production efficiency and quality.
As preferably, described conveyor line vehicle spare tyre is installed intelligent apparatus and is also comprised level runway sole plate, and described track type track is made up of the track type annular groove being arranged on level runway sole plate; Described travelling car comprises little car bottom plate and dolly wheel, and described dolly wheel rolling support is on the upper surface of level runway sole plate, and transmission is connected the drive wheel of described dolly wheel with trolley driving mechanism; Vertically the upper end of connecting rod is rotatably supported on the base plate of travelling car through after track type annular groove, vertically the upper end of connecting rod is also connected with the transmission of vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism, and the part that vertical connecting rod is positioned at track type circular groove is installed with the bearing with track type circular groove adaptation; On little car bottom plate, be also provided with and stretch the anti-bull stick of dolly base plate being provided with the bearing of described track type circular groove adaptation on the inside and outside surface of described track type circular groove, the anti-bull stick of described dolly base plate coordinates to prevent that deflection situation from appearring in little car bottom plate while operation in the craspedodrome section of track type track with described vertical connecting rod.This preferred version, simple in structure, travelling car operation stability is high.
As preferably, the piston rod of upper cylinder, the piston rod of lower cylinder and handgrip piston rod move relative to the cylinder block linear reciprocation of oneself.Also be that upper cylinder, lower cylinder and spare tyre handgrip are the structure that piston rod can not rotate with respect to piston cylinder separately.
As preferably, trolley driving mechanism is the electric driving mechanism that is provided with trolley drive motor.Preferred further, described trolley driving mechanism is provided with Synchronous Belt Drives mechanism, and described trolley drive motor is connected by the drive wheel transmission of described Synchronous Belt Drives mechanism and dolly wheel.This preferred version, compact conformation, reliable operation.
As preferably, vertically connecting rod rotating mechanism comprises servomotor and gear transmission structure, and described servomotor is connected with the upper end transmission of vertical connecting rod by gear drive.This preferred version, simple in structure, reliable operation.
As preferably, spare tyre storage trolley comprises storage trolley base plate, two end walls of storage trolley, storage trolley mesospore; Two sides of the medial surface of two end walls of storage trolley and the mesospore of storage trolley are respectively provided with one section of setting circle arc column face; Storage trolley base plate, two end walls of storage trolley and storage trolley mesospore form two spare tyre storage parts, and each spare tyre storage part stacks some spare tyres.This preferred version, the quantity of the spare tyre assembly that each spare tyre storage trolley once can be deposited is many, the spare tyre of first spare tyre storage part takes, and spare tyre storage trolley is turned to 180 degree and just can get second spare tyre assembly on spare tyre storage part, can reduce the replacing number of times of spare tyre storage trolley.
In sum, the beneficial effect that the present invention brings is: whole crawl and the work that spare tyre assembly is installed, except depositing spare tyre assembly on spare tyre storage trolley, spare tyre storage trolley being pushed away and is put into the spare tyre storage trolley that conveyor line is other and replacing conveyor line is other, work is carried out in the basic manipulation that relies on central controller, thereby can greatly alleviate workman's labour intensity, raising car assembling production efficiency and quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic diagram of travelling car of the present invention and spare tyre storage trolley;
Fig. 3 is the supporting construction schematic diagram of travelling car on level runway sole plate;
Fig. 4 is the connection structure schematic diagram [having removed handgrip piston rod and attaching parts] of handgrip plate and handgrip cylinder body;
Fig. 5 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is that the B of Fig. 4 is to view.
 
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention includes spare tyre storage trolley 1, spare tyre handgrip 2, be fixed on track type track 3, the travelling car 4 moving along track type track 3, the spare tyre handgrip lifting assembly 5 of conveyor line top; Between racetrack orbit 3 and travelling car 4, be provided with not shown travelling car position detecting device; Travelling car 4 is provided with not shown pressed gas pipeline center, central controller, cyclone adapter, electric swivel joint;
As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6, spare tyre handgrip 2 is pneumatic gripping device, the handgrip piston rod of the cylinder that comprise handgrip cylinder body 2.1, is located at handgrip cylinder body 2.1 in hole 2.2, three handgrip plates 2.3 and three attaching partss 2.4; The external diameter of handgrip cylinder body 2.1 is less than 1.5 to 3 millimeters of the diameters of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the outer peripheral face of the lower end of handgrip cylinder body 2.1 is provided with chamfering, to facilitate handgrip cylinder body 2.1 to insert the centre hole of spare tyre assembly, the lower end of handgrip cylinder body 2.1 be provided with three circumferential uniform, with the handgrip plate mounting groove 2.1.1 of handgrip cylinder body axially parallel; Handgrip plate 2.3 is arranged in handgrip plate mounting groove 2.1.1, the upper end of its upper end and handgrip plate mounting groove 2.1.1 is hinged, its inner side is that an inclined-plane, outside are a plane, the lower end of its inner side is positioned at the cylinder hole of handgrip cylinder body 2.1, the lower end of its inner side and handgrip piston rod 2.2 is movably connected, the cylinder part in hole and the lower end of handgrip piston rod 2.2 that its lower end is positioned at handgrip cylinder body 2.1 are connected with the upper and lower end of attaching parts 2.4 respectively, the outside that moves up and down drive handgrip plate 2.3 of handgrip piston rod 2.2 receive or give prominence to the outside face of handgrip cylinder body 2.1 within or outside.The present embodiment, the upper end of handgrip plate 2.3 is hinged by the upper end of bearing pin 2.5 and handgrip plate mounting groove 2.1.1; The lower surface of handgrip piston rod 2.2 is circumferentially installed with three joint pins 2.6, the lower end of joint pin 2.6 is rectangle cylinder and is provided with the connecting bore for being connected with attaching parts 2.4 upper ends, the lower end of handgrip plate 2.3 inner sides is also provided with the connecting bore for being connected with attaching parts 2.4 lower ends, and 2.4 of attaching partss are extension spring; Handgrip piston rod 2.2 can only linear reciprocation move in the cylinder hole of handgrip cylinder body 2.1, and handgrip piston rod 2.2 and handgrip cylinder body 2.1 form the air cylinder structure that a kind of piston rod can not rotate, and specific structural details is because being that known technology does not repeat at this; The upper end of handgrip cylinder body 2.1 is the mounting flange 2.7 being connected with bolt with it in addition, between flange 2.7 and the upper end of handgrip cylinder body 2.1, is located at not shown seal ring;
Spare tyre handgrip lifting assembly 5 comprises intermediate plate 5.1, upper cylinder 5.2, lower cylinder 5.3; The upper surface of one end of the lower end of the piston rod of upper cylinder 5.2 and intermediate plate 5.1 is connected, and the upper end of the cylinder body of upper cylinder 5.2 is connected with the lower end that is rotatably supported in the vertical connecting rod 4.1 on travelling car 4; The lower surface of the other end of the upper end of the cylinder body of lower cylinder 5.3 and intermediate plate 5.1 is connected, and the upper end of the lower end of the piston rod of lower cylinder 5.3 and handgrip cylinder body 2.1 is connected; As preferably, to alleviate the weight of intermediate plate 5.1, intermediate plate 5.1 is provided with not shown lightening hole respectively and between the two ends that are connected of upper and lower air cylinders 5.2,5.3 at it, and specific structural details, because being simple technique, does not repeat at this.On travelling car 4, be also provided with the trolley driving mechanism and the vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism that in figure, are not shown specifically.Wherein the piston rod of the piston rod of upper cylinder 5.2, lower cylinder 5.3 all can only straight reciprocating motion in corresponding cylinder block, also be that upper cylinder 5.2 and lower cylinder 5.3 are all the cylinder that piston rod can not rotate, concrete structure is because being known technology details because being that known technology does not repeat at this.The upper end of the cylinder body of upper cylinder 5.2 and the lower end of piston rod are all connected with intermediate plate 5.1 with the lower end of vertical connecting rod 4.1 respectively mutually by flange arrangement in addition, and the upper end of the cylinder body of lower cylinder 5.3 is also all connected with the mounting flange 2.7 of intermediate plate 5.1 and the upper end of handgrip cylinder body 2.1 respectively by flange arrangement mutually with the lower end of piston rod;
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, as preferably, the present invention also comprises level runway sole plate 3.1, described track type track 3 is made up of the track type annular groove being arranged on level runway sole plate 3.1, described level runway sole plate 3.1 is connected with the frame of racetrack orbit top by the adjustable joint pin 3.2 shown in Fig. 1, and the specific structural details of adjustable joint pin is because being that simple known technology does not repeat at this; Described travelling car 4 comprises dolly base plate 4.2, dolly wheel and dolly outer cover, described dolly wheel rolling support is on the upper surface of level runway sole plate 3.1, wherein dolly wheel has four, the first two wheel is cardan wheel, and latter two wheel 4.5 is drive wheel, is connected with the two ends of same axis respectively; Trolley driving mechanism is the electric driving mechanism that is provided with not shown trolley drive motor, described trolley driving mechanism is also provided with the Synchronous Belt Drives mechanism not being shown specifically in figure, described Synchronous Belt Drives mechanism comprise the middle part that is arranged on the axle that two ends are connected with latter two wheel 4.5 of travelling car respectively driven toothed belt wheel 4.6, be fixed on active profile of tooth belt wheel and corresponding cog belt on trolley drive motor output shaft, described trolley drive motor is connected by drive wheel 4.5 transmissions of described Synchronous Belt Drives mechanism and dolly wheel;
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, vertically the upper end of connecting rod 4.1 is through passing an axis hole on the base plate 4.2 of travelling car 4 after track type annular groove again, vertically the upper end of connecting rod 4.1 is installed with to support and emits 4.1.1, support emits the lower surface of 4.1.1 to be provided with one and the vertical counterbore of the upper end adaptation of connecting rod 4.1, described counterbore is connected with not shown flat key key with the upper end of vertical connecting rod 4.1, support and emit 4.1.1 to be bolted on the upper end of vertical connecting rod 4.1 simultaneously, support is emitted on the upper end of the vertical connecting rod 4.1 between the base plate 4.2 of 4.1.1 and travelling car and is also equipped with thrust ball bearing with flat seat 4.4, wherein thrust ball bearing with flat seat 4.4 is arranged on not shown, and in the bearing seat being connected with travelling car base plate 4.2, the specific structural details of described bearing seat is because being simple known technology, do not repeat at this.The upper end of described vertical connecting rod 4.1 emits 4.1.1 and thrust ball bearing with flat seat 4.4 to be rotatably supported on the corresponding boss on the base plate 4.2 of travelling car 4 by support.Support and emit a side of 4.1.1 to be provided with sector in addition, correspondingly vertically connecting rod rotating mechanism comprises not shown servomotor and the gear transmission structure not being shown specifically, servomotor is fixed on the base plate 4.2 of travelling car by the erecting frame of not exporting in figure, on the output shaft of servomotor, be fixed with gear 6, the gear drive that described gear 6 and support emit the fan type tooth of 4.1.1 mono-side to be meshed described in forming, described servomotor is connected with the upper end transmission of vertical connecting rod 4.1 by described gear drive, thereby the upper end of realizing vertical connecting rod 4.1 is connected with the transmission of vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism.The part that vertical connecting rod 4.1 is positioned at track type circular groove is in addition installed with the bearing 4.3 with track type circular groove adaptation, it is not shown that travelling car base plate 4.2 upper is also provided with, stretch in described track type circular groove, outside face is provided with the anti-bull stick of dolly base plate with the bearing of described track type circular groove adaptation, the anti-bull stick of described dolly base plate coordinates to prevent that with described vertical connecting rod 4.1 deflection situation from appearring in little car bottom plate while operation in the craspedodrome section of track type track 3, wherein the upper end of the anti-bull stick of dolly base plate and travelling car base plate 4.2 are movably connected to prevent that travelling car is stuck in the time of the arc section operation of track type track, the anti-bull stick of dolly base plate and with the concrete connection structure of travelling car 4.2 because being simple technique, do not repeat at this.
In addition, not shown travelling car position detecting device comprises and is fixed on three test columns that [are also fixed on level runway sole plate 3.1] on track type track and is fixed on corresponding three detection probe on travelling car, detection probe and central controller electrical connection.Three test columns divide the first test column, the second test column and the 3rd test column, correspondingly three detection probe are the first detection probe coordinating with the first test column, the second detection probe coordinating with the second test column and the 3rd detection probe that coordinates with the 3rd test column, and three detection probe are approach switch.The first test column, the second test column and the 3rd test column are separately fixed at the right-hand member of the right-hand member of the front linear portion of track type track, rear rectilinear end and the left end of front linear portion, three's height difference, upper end is electric conductor, correspondingly the upper end matched of setting height(from bottom) respectively with first, second, and third test column of first, second, and third detection probe.Wherein, described electric conductor is preferably bloom, and correspondingly described detection probe is preferably vortex type proximity switch; Central controller is provided with corresponding comparator circuit in addition, in the time that travelling car moves to one of them test column position, the signal that the detection probe of mating with this test column obtains is the strongest, this detection probe will be sent corresponding signal to central controller, and central controller will send the operation of corresponding instruction manipulation travelling car according to received signal.The specific structural details of travelling car position detecting device and with the joint detail of central controller, because being simple technique, do not repeat at this.
As preferably, the present embodiment spare tyre storage trolley 1 comprises storage trolley base plate, two end walls of storage trolley, storage trolley mesospore; Two sides of the medial surface of two end walls of storage trolley and the mesospore of storage trolley are respectively provided with one section of setting circle arc column face; Storage trolley base plate, two end walls of storage trolley and storage trolley mesospore form two spare tyre storage parts, and each spare tyre storage part stacks some spare tyres.The present embodiment, each spare tyre storage part can be deposited at most four spare tyre assemblies, and the words that therefore each spare tyre storage trolley 1 is once filled with can be deposited 8 spare tyre assemblies.After the spare tyre of first spare tyre storage part is taken, while being also filled with spare tyre assembly on second spare tyre storage part, as long as just can capture second spare tyre in spare tyre storage part after spare tyre storage trolley is rotated to 180 degree, can reduce like this number of turnover of spare tyre storage trolley 1.
In above structure, pressed gas pipeline center is provided with corresponding pipeline with electromagnetic valve, be connected with pressure gas source by cyclone adapter, central controller by electric swivel joint access power supply, be provided with battery socket and signal wire interface.Upper cylinder 5.2, lower cylinder 5.3 and spare tyre handgrip 2 all by not shown, be communicated with through the tracheae of track type track circular groove and the respective electrical magnet valve that is arranged in the pressed gas pipeline on travelling car 4 at heart separately, each electromagnetic valve is electrically connected, accepts the manipulation of central controller with central controller; The servomotor of the trolley drive motor of trolley driving mechanism and vertically connecting rod rotating mechanism is all electrically connected, accepts the manipulation of central controller with central controller.The specific structural details of central controller, pressed gas pipeline center, cyclone adapter and electric swivel joint, because being that simple known technology does not repeat at this.
When use, first in spare tyre packing, spare tyre is stacked on two spare tyre storage parts of spare tyre storage trolley, every conveyor line is at least joined two spare tyre storage trolleys in order to transfer conversion.Then a spare tyre storage trolley that installs spare tyre is shifted onto to the other fixed position of conveyor line and put well, this fixed position is positioned at the below of the right-hand member of the front rectilinear orbit of track type track, and travelling car moves along track type track conter clockwise.Before travelling car is along track type rail moving to track type track when the right-hand member position of rectilinear orbit, the first detection probe is received the strongest signal and is sent corresponding signal to central controller, central controller receives that sending travelling car after the signal that the first detection probe sends stops movable signal, trolley driving mechanism stops driving work, the now positive right-hand member of the position of upper cylinder in lower cylinder position, all most significant bits in corresponding cylinder body of the piston rod of upper and lower air cylinders and handgrip piston rod, spare tyre handgrip is received in the lateral surface of handgrip cylinder body.When trolley driving mechanism stops driving work, travelling car brake is parked in the position of picking up spare tyre, and then central controller control upper cylinder piston rod extends downwards, drives intermediate plate, lower cylinder and spare tyre handgrip to move down simultaneously.In the time filling spare tyre on spare tyre storage trolley, the lower end that intermediate plate drops to handgrip cylinder body stops moving down while reaching spare tyre assembly centre hole below, now intermediate plate is positioned at the top of spare tyre storage trolley, the piston rod of lower cylinder is positioned at the vertex of lower cylinder cylinder body, then central controller sends signal, handgrip piston rod moves down and promotes outside handgrip plate lower end to open, the handgrip plate of outer tightly blocks the hole wall of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the piston rod that now central controller sends manipulation signal control upper cylinder again goes back up to top dead center position, now intermediate plate, lower cylinder, spare tyre handgrip and the spare tyre assembly of being lived by handgrip board synchronously rise to vertex, in the time capturing the spare tyre assembly of the layer second from the bottom on spare tyre storage trolley, the piston rod of upper cylinder reaches bottom dead center position downwards, now the lower surface of intermediate plate has just been positioned on the upper surface of spare tyre storage trolley or a little less than the upper surface of spare tyre storage trolley, and the still extreme higher position in lower cylinder cylinder body of the piston rod of lower cylinder, just in time stretch below the centre hole of layer spare tyre assembly second from the bottom the lower end of handgrip cylinder body, then central controller sends signal, handgrip piston rod moves down and promotes outside handgrip plate lower end to open, the handgrip plate of outer tightly blocks the hole wall of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the piston rod that now central controller sends manipulation signal control upper cylinder again goes back up to top dead center position, now intermediate plate, lower cylinder, spare tyre handgrip and the spare tyre assembly of being lived by handgrip board synchronously rise to vertex, in the time being left last one deck spare tyre assembly on spare tyre storage trolley, the piston rod of upper cylinder reaches bottom dead center position downwards, now the lower surface of intermediate plate has just been positioned on the upper surface of spare tyre storage trolley or a little less than the upper surface of spare tyre storage trolley, then central controller sends under the piston rod of signal handling lower cylinder and reaches bottom dead point, under the drive that now stretch under the piston rod of lower cylinder the lower end of handgrip cylinder body, just in time stretch one deck centre hole in the end below, then central controller sends signal, handgrip piston rod moves down and promotes outside handgrip plate lower end to open, the handgrip plate of outer tightly blocks the hole wall of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the piston rod that now central controller sends manipulation signal control upper cylinder and lower cylinder again all goes back up to top dead center position, now intermediate plate, lower cylinder, spare tyre handgrip and the spare tyre assembly of being lived by handgrip board synchronously rise to vertex.When spare tyre handgrip is capturing in the process of spare tyre assembly, the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed travels forward along conveyor line; In the time that intermediate plate, lower cylinder, spare tyre handgrip and the spare tyre assembly of being lived by handgrip board synchronously rise to vertex, the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed just in time enters the below of racetrack orbit and crosses the arc-shaped rail of the right-hand member of racetrack orbit, now central controller starts the arc-shaped rail Accelerating running of travelling car along racetrack orbit right-hand member again, until travelling car proceeds to the rear linear portion track of racetrack orbit and catch up with the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed, travelling car transfers the state of kinematic motion of the miniature car of following spare tyre to be installed to.When the miniature car that catches up with spare tyre to be installed at travelling car enters the right-hand member of rear linear portion track of racetrack orbit, the second detection probe is received the strongest signal and is sent corresponding signal to central controller, central controller is received and is sent instruction after the signal that the second detection probe sends and manipulate vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism and vertical connecting rod is clockwise rotated to an angle of 90 degrees stop, now the spare tyre assembly on spare tyre handgrip is just in time arranged in the top of the boot spare tyre installation site of the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed, simultaneously intermediate plate has been avoided and the contacting of the opened case cover of the miniature car of spare tyre to be installed.Then central controller continues to send under instruction manipulation upper cylinder piston rod and reaches desired location, now spare tyre assembly just in time enters in the boot of miniature car of spare tyre to be installed completely, then central controller sends the rise of instruction manipulation handgrip piston rod again, the handgrip piston rod ging up drives three handgrip plates to shrink and gets back in handgrip plate mounting groove, spare tyre assembly drops in the boot of miniature car of spare tyre to be installed in the effect of deadweight, after spare tyre assembly departs from spare tyre handgrip, the piston rod that central controller sends instruction manipulation upper cylinder again goes back up to top dead center position, now spare tyre handgrip under correct the top of the filter box mouth of the boot of the miniature car that rises to spare tyre to be installed, travelling car has moved on to the left end of the rear linear portion track of racetrack orbit, after this miniature car that installs spare tyre assembly continues to move ahead and the below of the type track that clears the runway, travelling car is got back to the left end of the front rectilinear orbit of racetrack orbit along the arc-shaped rail of the left end of racetrack orbit, now the 3rd detection probe detects peak signal and sends corresponding signal to central controller device, central controller receives that again sending instruction after the signal of the 3rd detection probe manipulates vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism vertical connecting rod is rotated counterclockwise to an angle of 90 degrees, like this spare tyre handgrip lifting assembly turn back to not only upper cylinder but also, lower cylinder is at left state, then travelling car continues to move right until arrive the right-hand member of the front rectilinear orbit of track type track, the present invention enters the crawl of a new round and the work that spare tyre assembly is installed.Whole crawl and the work that spare tyre assembly is installed, except depositing spare tyre assembly on spare tyre storage trolley, spare tyre storage trolley being pushed away and is put into the spare tyre storage trolley that conveyor line is other and replacing conveyor line is other, work is carried out in the basic manipulation that relies on central controller, thereby can greatly alleviate workman's labour intensity, raising car assembling production efficiency and quality.

Claims (7)

1. conveyor line vehicle spare tyre is installed an intelligent apparatus, it is characterized in that: the travelling car (4), the spare tyre handgrip lifting assembly (5) that comprise spare tyre storage trolley (1), spare tyre handgrip (2), be fixed on the track type track (3) of conveyor line top, move along track type track (3), between racetrack orbit (3) and travelling car (4), be provided with travelling car position detecting device, travelling car (4) is provided with pressed gas pipeline center, central controller, cyclone adapter, electric swivel joint, spare tyre handgrip (2) is pneumatic gripping device, handgrip piston rod (2.2), three handgrip plates (2.3) and the three piece attaching partss (2.4) of the cylinder that comprise handgrip cylinder body (2.1), is located at handgrip cylinder body (2.1) in hole, the external diameter of handgrip cylinder body (2.1) is less than 1.5 to 3 millimeters of the diameters of spare tyre assembly centre hole, the lower end of handgrip cylinder body (2.1) be provided with three circumferential uniform, with the handgrip plate mounting groove (2.1.1) of handgrip cylinder body axially parallel, handgrip plate (2.3) is arranged in handgrip plate mounting groove (2.1.1), the upper end of its upper end and handgrip plate mounting groove (2.1.1) is hinged, its inner side is an inclined-plane, outside is a plane, the lower end of its inner side is positioned at the cylinder hole of handgrip cylinder body (2.1), the lower end of its inner side and handgrip piston rod (2.2) is movably connected, the cylinder part in hole and the lower end of handgrip piston rod (2.2) that its lower end is positioned at handgrip cylinder body (2.1) respectively with attaching parts (2.4) under, upper end is connected, the moving up and down of handgrip piston rod (2.2) drive the outside of handgrip plate (2.3) to receive or give prominence to the outside face of handgrip cylinder body (2.1) within or outside, spare tyre handgrip lifting assembly (5) comprises intermediate plate (5.1), upper cylinder (5.2), lower cylinder (5.3), the upper surface of one end of the lower end of the piston rod of upper cylinder (5.2) and intermediate plate (5.1) is connected, and the upper end of the cylinder body of upper cylinder (5.2) is connected with the lower end that is rotatably supported in the vertical connecting rod (4.1) on travelling car (4), the lower surface of the other end of the upper end of the cylinder body of lower cylinder (5.3) and intermediate plate (5.1) is connected, and the upper end of the lower end of the piston rod of lower cylinder (5.3) and handgrip cylinder body (2.1) is connected, on travelling car (4), be also provided with trolley driving mechanism and vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism.
2. conveyor line vehicle spare tyre according to claim 1 is installed intelligent apparatus, it is characterized in that: also comprise level runway sole plate (3.1), described track type track (3) is made up of the track type annular groove being arranged on level runway sole plate; Described travelling car (4) comprises little car bottom plate (4.2) and dolly wheel, and described dolly wheel rolling support is on the upper surface of level runway sole plate (3.1), and transmission is connected the drive wheel of described dolly wheel with trolley driving mechanism; Vertically the upper end of connecting rod (4.1) is rotatably supported on the base plate (4.2) of travelling car (4) through after track type annular groove, vertically the upper end of connecting rod (4.1) is also connected with the transmission of vertical connecting rod rotating mechanism, and the part that vertical connecting rod (4.1) is positioned at track type circular groove is installed with the bearing (4.3) with track type circular groove adaptation; Little car bottom plate (4.2) upper is also provided with stretches the anti-bull stick of dolly base plate being provided with on the inside and outside surface of described track type circular groove with the bearing of described track type circular groove adaptation, and the anti-bull stick of described dolly base plate coordinates to prevent that deflection situation from appearring in little car bottom plate while operation in the craspedodrome section of track type track (3) with described vertical connecting rod (4.1).
3. conveyor line vehicle spare tyre according to claim 1 and 2 is installed intelligent apparatus, it is characterized in that: the piston rod of upper cylinder (5.2), the piston rod of lower cylinder (5.3) move relative to the cylinder block linear reciprocation of oneself with handgrip piston rod (2.2).
4. conveyor line vehicle spare tyre according to claim 1 and 2 is installed intelligent apparatus, it is characterized in that: trolley driving mechanism is the electric driving mechanism that is provided with trolley drive motor.
5. conveyor line vehicle spare tyre according to claim 4 is installed intelligent apparatus, it is characterized in that: described trolley driving mechanism is provided with Synchronous Belt Drives mechanism, described trolley drive motor is connected by the drive wheel transmission of described Synchronous Belt Drives mechanism and dolly wheel.
6. conveyor line vehicle spare tyre according to claim 1 and 2 is installed intelligent apparatus, it is characterized in that: vertically connecting rod rotating mechanism comprises servomotor and gear transmission structure, described servomotor is connected with the upper end transmission of vertical connecting rod (4.1) by gear drive.
7. conveyor line vehicle spare tyre according to claim 1 and 2 is installed intelligent apparatus, it is characterized in that: spare tyre storage trolley (1) comprises storage trolley base plate, two end walls of storage trolley, storage trolley mesospore; Two sides of the medial surface of two end walls of storage trolley and the mesospore of storage trolley are respectively provided with one section of setting circle arc column face; Storage trolley base plate, two end walls of storage trolley and storage trolley mesospore form two spare tyre storage parts, and each spare tyre storage part stacks some spare tyres.
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