CN103755063B - Water treatment system and water treatment process - Google Patents

Water treatment system and water treatment process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103755063B
CN103755063B CN201310747124.1A CN201310747124A CN103755063B CN 103755063 B CN103755063 B CN 103755063B CN 201310747124 A CN201310747124 A CN 201310747124A CN 103755063 B CN103755063 B CN 103755063B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
branch road
pipeline
hot water
accident
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CN201310747124.1A
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CN103755063A (en
Inventor
张先华
何志远
张艳兰
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Pangang Group Chengdu Steel and Vanadium Co Ltd
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Pangang Group Chengdu Steel and Vanadium Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a water treatment system and a water treatment process. The water treatment system comprises a water purification system, a turbid circulating system and an emergency water regulating unit, wherein the water purification system comprises a water source, an inclined tube sedimentation device, a horizontal sedimentation device and a water purification user, which are sequentially connected; the turbid circulating system comprises a swirling flow sedimentation device, a chemical degreasing device, a hot water storage device, a cold water storage device, a water production line and a cooling device; the emergency water regulating unit comprises an emergency water storage device, a water inlet pipeline, a water outlet pipeline, and a water pump arranged on the water outlet pipeline, wherein the water inlet pipeline and the water outlet pipeline are communicated with the emergency water storage device and the water purification system and/or the turbid circulating system respectively for receiving emergency water such as hot water and the like. The process is carried out by the water treatment system. The water treatment system and the water treatment process have the advantages of having capabilities of regulating the water treatment speed, realizing on-line overhauling or trash cleaning of parts, regulating the water temperature, achieving good sedimentation and purification effects and enabling the water treatment to be performed for a long time stably.

Description

A kind of water treatment system and treatment process thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to water treating equipment and technique, specifically, relate to a kind of comprehensive water treatment system and a kind of integrated water treatment process, be particularly useful for total system and the technique of metallurgical water.
Background technology
Usually, smelter (such as, iron and steel enterprise) belong to the industry of highly energy-consuming, high water consumption, the new water of at substantial is needed in production process, but in view of the water quality at enterprise water source limits (such as, there is algae, suspended substance etc., the change of water quality particularly produced with the conversion in season), generally need to carry out preliminary process to water quality, the water in water source could be sent to each water unit and use.
In addition, the new water of smelter at substantial, will inevitably produce a large amount of waste water, such as, for iron and steel enterprise, containing precipitation and other suspended substances such as a large amount of iron scales in its waste water, also containing a large amount of oils, also has the feature of high temperature simultaneously.Usually need to carry out recycle to waste water, the amount of makeup water of enterprise can be reduced like this, and can saving water resource, possible water pollution accident can be avoided simultaneously.
In addition, traditional smelter (such as, iron and steel enterprise) usually new water and waste water is processed respectively, and relative unit is arranged apart, which results in the inconvenience of procreative collaboration aspect, and add the floor space of factory building and relevant structures, also result in the upper difficulty of management, do not meet intensive management expectancy.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve at least one item in prior art above shortcomings.
Such as, an object of the present invention be to provide a kind of can to the former water containing suspended substance and high temperature, the water treatment system of carrying out comprehensive treating process effectively containing the muddy water (such as, former water used in metallurgy and muddy water) of solid impurity and greasy dirt.Preferably, the invention provides a kind of comprehensive water treatment system that can have on-bne repair and decontamination function and/or there is water function of meeting an urgent need.
An aspect of of the present present invention provides a kind of comprehensive water treatment system.Described comprehensive water treatment system comprises water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit, and wherein, described water cleaning systems comprises the water source, tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device and the water purification user that are linked in sequence by the first pipeline, the described turbid recycle system is comprised the rotational flow settlement device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, the cold water storing device that are linked in sequence by second pipe and uses water production line, the described turbid recycle system also comprises the refrigerating unit be set up in parallel with hot water storage device and cold water storing device, and described refrigerating unit has the water-in be connected with hot water storage device and the water outlet be connected with cold water storing device, described accident water regulation unit comprises accident water storing device, suction culvert, outlet pipeline and water pump, wherein, accident water storing device is communicated with to receive from the emergent water in water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by described suction culvert with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system, accident water storing device is communicated with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by described outlet pipeline, and the position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with outlet pipeline is positioned at the downstream, position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with suction culvert, described suction culvert comprises and first hot water of the pipeline communication between electrochemical deoiling device and hot water storage device of second pipe enter branch road and/or and second hot water of the pipeline communication between hot water storage device and refrigerating unit of second pipe enter branch road, described water pump is arranged on outlet pipeline.
In an exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, described suction culvert also can comprise convergence tube and the first normal-temperature water enters branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enters branch road, first normal-temperature water enters the feed-water end of branch road and the pipeline communication between tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device of the first pipeline, the second normal-temperature water enter the feed-water end of branch road and the first pipeline be positioned at horizontal sedimentation device after pipeline communication; Described first normal-temperature water enters branch road, the second normal-temperature water enters branch road, the first hot water enters branch road and the second hot water enters on branch road and is all provided with an inlet valve, one end and first normal-temperature water of described convergence tube enter the water side that the water side of branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enter branch road and are communicated with, and described one end of convergence tube also enters the water side that the water side of branch road and/or the second hot water enters branch road to be communicated with the first hot water, and the other end of convergence tube is used for supplying water to accident water storing device.
In an exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, described suction culvert also can comprise hot water spray pipeline, described hot water spray pipeline receive the first hot water enter branch road and/or the second hot water enter branch road hot water and by hot water spray to accident water storing device.Preferably, described hot water spray pipeline can comprise spraying pipeline body and be arranged on the spout hole on this spraying pipeline body.Such as, described spout hole can have water spraying direction obliquely in the horizontal direction.
In an exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, described accident water regulation unit also can comprise and is arranged on the first hot water and enters the hot water pump that branch road and/or the second hot water enter branch road.
In an exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, described suction culvert also can comprise in multiple water inlet branch road one or more, wherein, described multiple water inlet branch road comprises: and first of the pipeline communication between water source and tube settler device of the first pipeline intakes branch road; And second of the pipeline communication between tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device of the first pipeline intakes branch road; To intake branch road with the 3rd of the pipeline communication of rotational flow settlement device upstream that is positioned at of second pipe; And the 4th of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of second pipe the intakes branch road; Further, described first water inlet branch road, the second water inlet branch road, the 3rd water inlet branch road, the 4th water inlet branch road, the first hot water enter branch road and the second hot water and enter on branch road and be all provided with an inlet valve.
In an exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, described outlet pipeline can comprise in multiple water outlet branch road one or more, and the water outlet branch road included by outlet pipeline can be corresponding with the water inlet branch road included by suction culvert, wherein, described multiple water outlet branch road comprises: with the first water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in tube settler device downstream of tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline, and the first water outlet branch road and first branch road of intaking is corresponding; With the second water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in horizontal sedimentation device downstream of horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline, the second water outlet branch road and second branch road of intaking is corresponding; And the 3rd water outlet branch road of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of rotational flow settlement device or second pipe, the 3rd water outlet branch road and the 3rd branch road of intaking is corresponding; The 4th water outlet branch road be communicated with electrochemical deoiling device, the 4th water outlet branch road and the 4th branch road of intaking is corresponding; With the 5th water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in hot water storage device downstream of hot water storage device, refrigerating unit, cold water storing device or second pipe, it is corresponding that the 5th water outlet branch road and the first hot water enter branch road, first intake one or more in branch road of branch road and second of intaking; With being positioned at refrigerating unit downstream or being positioned at the 6th water outlet branch road of pipeline communication in refrigerating unit downstream of refrigerating unit, cold water storing device or second pipe, the 6th water outlet branch road and the second hot water enter branch road, the first hot water enters branch road, the first intake one or more in branch road of branch road and second of intaking is corresponding; Further, described first water outlet branch road, the second water outlet branch road, the 3rd water outlet branch road, the 4th water outlet branch road, the 5th water outlet branch road and the 6th water outlet branch road are all provided with flowing water Valve.
In an exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, the height residing for described accident water storing device is lower than the height in tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, cold water storing device and refrigerating unit residing for one or more.
Such as, another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of can to the former water containing suspended substance and high temperature, the water technology of carrying out comprehensive treating process effectively containing the muddy water (such as, former water used in metallurgy and muddy water) of solid impurity and greasy dirt.Preferably, the invention provides and a kind ofly can have cooling function, there is on-bne repair and decontamination function and/or there is the integrated water treatment process of water function of meeting an urgent need.
Another aspect provides a kind of integrated water treatment process.Described integrated water treatment process comprises employing comprehensive water treatment system as above to process metallurgical water.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention comprises: can regulate water treatment rhythm; Can parts (comprising the parts such as tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, refrigerating unit) be carried out on-bne repair or be removed contamination; Can water temperature be regulated, reduce the load of cooling tower; Good subsiding and purifying effect can be obtained; The process long-time stable direct motion to water purification and production waste can be made; Be convenient to centralized management, save place.
Accompanying drawing explanation
By the description carried out below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, above and other object of the present invention and feature will become apparent, wherein:
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of an exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the hot water spray pipeline of the accident water regulation unit of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 A shows the schematic diagram of the water spraying direction of some spout holes in the hot water spray pipeline of Fig. 2;
Fig. 3 B shows the schematic diagram of the water spraying direction of other spout holes in the hot water spray pipeline of Fig. 2.
Main Reference Numerals is as follows:
11-first pipeline, 12-water source intake, 13-tube settler device, 14-horizontal sedimentation device, 15-water purification user, 16-first suction well;
21-second pipe, 22-rotational flow settlement device, 23-electrochemical deoiling device, 24-hot water storage device, 25-cold water storing device, 26-use water production line, 27-refrigerating unit, 28-second suction well;
31-accident water storing device, 32a-first intake branch road, 32b-second intake branch road, 32c-the 3rd intake branch road, 32d-first hot water enters branch road, 32e-second hot water enters branch road, 33-outlet pipeline, 33a-first water outlet branch road, 33b-second water outlet branch road, 33b '-replacement pipeline, 33c-the 3rd water outlet branch road and 33d-the 4th water outlet branch road, 34a-spraying pipeline body, 34b-spout hole.
Embodiment
Hereinafter, comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention and integrated water treatment process will be described in detail with exemplary embodiment by reference to the accompanying drawings.Comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention and integrated water treatment process be particularly useful for the former water containing suspended substance and high temperature, containing solid impurity and greasy dirt muddy water (such as, former water used in metallurgy and muddy water) simultaneously or carry out effective comprehensive treating process uniformly.
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of an exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, in the first exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, comprehensive water treatment system comprises water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit.
Wherein, water cleaning systems comprises the water source that is linked in sequence by the first pipeline 11 (such as, nature rivers and canals) intake 12, tube settler device 13 (such as, tube settler pond), horizontal sedimentation device 14 (such as, level current subsider), the first suction well 16 and water purification user 15 (such as, using the associated production line of water purification).In the present example embodiment, the first suction well of being communicated with horizontal sedimentation device 14 is set mainly for the ease of the water after processing is supplied to each water purification user 15 by water pump, but, the present invention is not limited thereto, also the first suction well can not be set.
The turbid recycle system comprises the rotational flow settlement device 22 that is linked in sequence by second pipe 21 (such as, hydrocyclone), electrochemical deoiling device 23 (such as, chemical oil remover), hot water storage device 24 (such as, hot tub), cold water storing device 25 (such as, water cooling pond), the second suction well 28 and with water production line 26 (such as, using the associated production line of sewage after treatment); In addition, the turbid recycle system also comprises the refrigerating unit 27 (such as, cooling tower) be set up in parallel with hot water storage device 24 and cold water storing device 25.Refrigerating unit 27 has the water-in be connected with hot water storage device 24 and the water outlet be connected with cold water storing device 25.In the present example embodiment, the second suction well of being communicated with cold water storing device 25 is set mainly for the ease of the water after processing is supplied to each water production line 26 by water pump, but, the present invention is not limited thereto, also the second suction well can not be set.
Accident water regulation unit comprises accident water storing device 31 (such as, emergency pool), suction culvert, outlet pipeline 33 and water pump.Wherein, accident water storing device 31 is communicated with to receive from the emergent water in water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by suction culvert with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system.Accident water storing device 31 is communicated with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by outlet pipeline 33, and the position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with outlet pipeline 33 is positioned at the downstream, position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with suction culvert.Suction culvert comprises and first hot water of the pipeline communication between electrochemical deoiling device and hot water storage device of second pipe enter branch road and/or and second hot water of the pipeline communication between hot water storage device and refrigerating unit of second pipe enter branch road.Water pump is arranged on outlet pipeline 33.By arrange the first hot water enter branch road and/or the second hot water enter branch road can by the hot water in the turbid recycle system (such as, the hot water that electrochemical deoiling device is discharged and/or the hot water extracted out from hot water storage device) be provided to accident water storing device, and carry out sufficient naturally cooling, after treating that water temperature reaches requirement temperature, then water is pumped into the turbid recycle system and recycle to be directly sent to each user.
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the hot water spray pipeline of the accident water regulation unit of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention.As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention, comprehensive water treatment system is on the basis comprising above-mentioned first exemplary embodiment, the suction culvert of its accident water regulation unit also can comprise convergence tube and the first normal-temperature water enters branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enters branch road, first normal-temperature water enters the feed-water end of branch road and the pipeline communication between tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device of the first pipeline, the second normal-temperature water enter the feed-water end of branch road and the first pipeline be positioned at horizontal sedimentation device after pipeline communication; First normal-temperature water enters branch road, the second normal-temperature water enters branch road, the first hot water enters branch road and the second hot water enters and branch road is all provided with an inlet valve so that control corresponding branch road and to open or closed; One end and first normal-temperature water of convergence tube enter the water side that the water side of branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enter branch road and are communicated with, and described one end of convergence tube also enters the water side that the water side of branch road and/or the second hot water enters branch road to be communicated with the first hot water, and the other end of convergence tube is used for supplying water to accident water storing device.In addition, preferably, the caliber of convergence tube is import the first hot water wherein to enter branch road and/or the second hot water and enter branch road and the first normal-temperature water and enter 0.6 ~ 0.8 times that branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enter the caliber sum of branch road.Such as, import convergence tube be only the first hot water enter branch road and the first normal-temperature water enter branch road time, the caliber of convergence tube is 0.6 ~ 0.8 times that the first hot water enters that branch road and the first normal-temperature water enter the caliber sum of branch road.For this exemplary embodiment, the setting of convergence tube can make the hot water from the turbid recycle system and the normal-temperature water from water cleaning systems mix in advance in convergence tube, and after two bursts of waters are confluxed, violent pulsating flow is formed in convergence tube, thus can realize the hot water from the turbid recycle system and the well-mixed object of the normal-temperature water from water cleaning systems in convergence tube, and then the follow-up hot water or cold water well-mixed time can be decreased, improve efficiency.But, the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, the suction culvert of accident water regulation unit enters branch road and/or the second hot water enters on the basis of branch road comprising the first hot water, also only can comprise the first normal-temperature water and enter branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enters branch road, and not comprise convergence tube; Wherein, first hot water enters branch road and/or the second hot water and enters branch road and directly the hot water from the turbid recycle system is provided to accident water storing device, the first normal-temperature water enter branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enter branch road also directly in the future the normal-temperature water of self-purification system be provided to accident water storing device.So also can realize the object mixed the hot water from the turbid recycle system and the normal-temperature water from water cleaning systems, this mode also can be described as neutralization cooling.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the third exemplary embodiment of the present invention, comprehensive water treatment system is on the basis comprising above-mentioned first exemplary embodiment or the second exemplary embodiment, the suction culvert of its accident water regulation unit also can comprise hot water spray pipeline, and this hot water spray pipeline emergent water in the future in self-purification system and/or the turbid recycle system is sprayed to accident water storing device.Such as, when outlet pipeline only comprise the first hot water enter branch road and/or the second hot water enter branch road, hot water spray pipeline receivability from the first hot water enter branch road and/or the second hot water enter branch road hot water and by hot water spray to accident water storing device.Comprise the first hot water at outlet pipeline and enter branch road and/or the second hot water enters branch road, and comprise the first normal-temperature water and enter branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water when entering branch road, hot water spray pipeline receivability enters branch road and/or the second hot water from the first hot water and enters the hot water of branch road and receive and enter from the first normal-temperature water the normal-temperature water that branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enter branch road, then hot water and normal-temperature water is sprayed to accident water storing device.In addition, hot water spray pipeline also can directly receive the water after convergence tube confluxes, and the water after confluxing is sprayed to accident water storing device.
Fig. 3 A shows the schematic diagram of the water spraying direction of some spout holes in the hot water spray pipeline of Fig. 2.Fig. 3 B shows the schematic diagram of the water spraying direction of other spout holes in the hot water spray pipeline of Fig. 2.Preferably, as shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 A and Fig. 3 B, hot water spray pipeline comprises spraying pipeline body and is arranged on the spout hole on this spraying pipeline body.
Wherein, spraying pipeline body can be arranged on above accident water storing device, and the closed pipeline (such as, tetragon pipeline) that spraying pipeline body can be arranged by the periphery along accident water storing device and one or more be communicated with communicating pipe of two groups of water pipes respect to one another of closed pipeline respectively.Specifically, spraying pipeline body can be around accident water storing device one week, and intersects and form the tetragon consistent with accident water storing device shape and close water route (also can be described as closed water pipe).Closed water pipe relative to the position of the sidewall of accident water storing device can be: closed water pipe is directly placed in the sidewall wall top of accident water storing device, near the sidewall inwall of accident water storing device; Closed water pipe is built on stilts to be arranged on wall top, near the sidewall inwall of accident water storing device; Or, directly by built on stilts for the closed water pipe entirety top be also arranged at completely in the sidewall of accident water storing device, and in short transverse, closed water pipe is higher than the height of the sidewall of accident water storing device, and the concrete setting highly as required exceeded (such as, 0 ~ 100cm, not containing 0cm), in the horizontal direction, closed water pipe is near the sidewall of accident water storing device, and the horizontal throw between the sidewall of accident water storing device sets (such as, 5 ~ 20cm) as required.Communicating pipe can form one or more parallel port on the relative both sides of closed water pipe, thus can form the passage that two-layer, cross is netted up and down, is conducive to like this obtaining better cooling performance.But the spraying pipeline body of hot water spray pipeline of the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, spraying pipeline body also can be the cross line be arranged on above accident water storing device.
Spout hole is arranged on spraying pipeline body, and the water spraying direction of spout hole is advisable water can be sprayed into accident water storing device.Preferably, spout hole has water spraying direction obliquely (such as, in the horizontal direction obliquely and be 45 ~ 90 degree of angles with horizontal direction) in the horizontal direction.Such as, can along the longitudinal direction of closed water pipe even or uneven offer a row or multi-row spout hole.For the situation of single mouth of pipe water outlet, arranging spout hole can improve cooling performance further.
The quantity of communicating pipe should be suitable for, if arrange too much, the hydraulic pressure of each perforate can be caused lower, to aerial injection, and can not can only flow out at a slow speed perforate, and come together in communicating pipe bottom along outer tube wall, falls into emergency pool with the form of cascade dress.Nonetheless also can reach the object of cooling, but reduce because of the skyborne residence time, the time contacted with air also reduces, and the effect of cooling and efficiency also can reduce accordingly.The branch road that each communicating pipe is formed also can be provided with valve so that control.
In addition, the situation of the cooling performance deterioration caused in order to avoid reducing because of the hydraulic pressure entered in hot water spray pipeline, can arrange water pump in the water pipe before hot water spray pipeline.Such as, accident water regulation unit also can comprise and is arranged on the first hot water and enters branch road and/or the second hot water and enter hot water pump on branch road.The hydraulic pressure in hot water spray pipeline can be added like this, make each spout hole form some showers at the upper space of accident water storing device, thus better cooling performance can be obtained, also improve cooling efficiency simultaneously.
In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, comprehensive water treatment system is on the basis comprising above-mentioned first exemplary embodiment, and its suction culvert also can comprise a branch road in the first water inlet branch road 32a, the second water inlet branch road 32b and the 3rd water inlet branch road 32c or plural branch road; And the first water inlet branch road, the second water inlet branch road and the 3rd water inlet branch road are all provided with an inlet valve.Wherein, the pipeline communication between water source intake 12 and tube settler device 13 of the first water inlet branch road 32a and the first pipeline 11, that is, water source intake 12 can be communicated with accident water storing device 31 by the first water inlet branch road 32a, thus accident water storing device 31 can be shunted the water being about to enter tube settler device 13.Second water inlet branch road 32b and the pipeline communication between tube settler device 13 and horizontal sedimentation device 14 of the first pipeline 11, thus the second water inlet branch road 32b can will discharge from tube settler device 13 and the moisture flow being about to enter horizontal sedimentation device 14 enters accident water storing device 31.3rd water inlet branch road 32c and the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device 22 and electrochemical deoiling device 23 of second pipe 21, thus the 3rd water inlet branch road 32c can will discharge from rotational flow settlement device 22 and the recirculated water shunting being about to enter electrochemical deoiling device 23 enters accident water storing device 31.Such as, but the present invention is not limited thereto, suction culvert also can comprise the water inlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication of rotational flow settlement device upstream with second pipe.
In addition, as shown in Figure 1, outlet pipeline 33 also can comprise in the first water outlet branch road 33a, the second water outlet branch road 33b, the 3rd water outlet branch road 33c and the 4th water outlet branch road 33d one or more, and the water outlet branch road included by outlet pipeline 33 can be corresponding with the water inlet branch road included by suction culvert.Further, the first water outlet branch road, the second water outlet branch road, the 3rd water outlet branch road and the 4th water outlet branch road all arrange a flowing water Valve.
Wherein, the first water outlet branch road 33a is communicated with tube settler device 13, and the first water outlet branch road and first branch road of intaking is corresponding.That is, when suction culvert comprises the first water inlet branch road 32a, outlet pipeline 33 comprises the first water outlet branch road 33a, water accident water storing device 31 can shunted like this returns again and carries out sedimentation to tube settler device 13 in suitable situation (such as, the non-inspecting state in tube settler pond or the little situation of water source intake 12 flow).But, the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, the first water outlet branch road also can with the pipeline communication being positioned at tube settler device downstream of horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline.Now, the water that accident water storing device is shunted can be returned the pipeline being positioned at tube settler device downstream to horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline again by the first water outlet branch road in suitable situation (situation that such as, the non-inspecting state of tube settler device, the non-inspecting state of horizontal sedimentation device or water source intake flow are little).In addition, preferably, accident water storing device has and is arranged on guide-wall in accident water storing device (such as along the direction vertical with water (flow) direction (direction from left to right as in Fig. 1), the guide-wall of more than twice can be set), accident water storing device can be made like this to play good settlement action.
Second water outlet branch road 33b is communicated with horizontal sedimentation device 14, and the second water outlet branch road and second branch road of intaking is corresponding.That is, when suction culvert comprises the second water inlet branch road 32b, outlet pipeline comprises the second water outlet branch road 33b, water accident water storing device 31 can shunted like this returns again and carries out sedimentation to horizontal sedimentation device 14 in suitable situation (such as, the non-inspecting state of horizontal sedimentation device 14 or the little situation of water source intake 12 flow).But, the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, the second water outlet branch road also can with the pipeline communication being positioned at horizontal sedimentation device downstream of the first pipeline, as the replacement pipeline 33b ' in Fig. 1.Now, the water that accident water storing device is shunted can return to the pipeline being positioned at tube settler device downstream of the first pipeline by the second water outlet branch road in suitable situation (situation that such as, intake flow in water source is little) again.Preferably, accident water storing device has and is arranged on guide-wall in accident water storing device 31 along the direction vertical with water (flow) direction (direction from left to right as in Fig. 1), and accident water storing device can be made like this to play good settlement action.Such as, accident water storing device 31 has together or more than twice is arranged on the guide-wall in accident water storing device along the direction vertical with water (flow) direction, to form the water channel that can make more than two of water crankle in accident water storing device.In addition, outlet pipeline of the present invention also can comprise the second water outlet branch road 33b simultaneously and replace pipeline 33b '.Replace on pipeline 33b ' and also can valve be set.
3rd water outlet branch road 33c is communicated with electrochemical deoiling device 23, and the 3rd water outlet branch road and the 3rd branch road of intaking is corresponding; That is, when suction culvert comprises the 3rd water inlet branch road 32c, outlet pipeline comprises the 3rd water outlet branch road 33c, water accident water storing device 31 can shunted like this returns again and carries out oil removal treatment to electrochemical deoiling device 23 in suitable situation (such as, the non-inspecting state of electrochemical deoiling device 23 or swirler carry out the little situation of the water yield).
The pipeline communication being positioned at cold water storing device 25 downstream of the 4th water outlet branch road 33d and second pipe 21, the 4th water outlet branch road and the first hot water enter branch road, the second hot water enters branch road, first one or more branch road of intaking that branch road and second intakes in branch road of intaking is corresponding.That is, comprise that the first hot water enters branch road, the second hot water enters branch road at suction culvert, one or more in the first water inlet branch road and the second water inlet branch road, outlet pipeline comprises the 4th water outlet branch road 33d, water accident water storing device 31 can shunted like this in suitable situation (such as, the inspecting state of cooling tower or the inadequate state (situation that the cooling tower leaving water temperature(LWT) such as, often occurred hot season is higher) etc. of cooling tower cooling degree) under return again to using water production line.Temperature fall can be carried out to the hot water in the turbid recycle system like this or can effectively utilize the water in water source to carry out neutralization cooling to the hot water in the turbid recycle system, thus the load of cooling tower can be reduced, be conducive to turbid recycle system direct motion.
But outlet pipeline of the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, outlet pipeline also can comprise the water outlet branch road be communicated with hot water storage device, or the branch road be communicated with refrigerating unit, or the water outlet branch road be communicated with cold water storing device.In addition, outlet pipeline of the present invention also can comprise and the water outlet branch road of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of rotational flow settlement device or second pipe, to regulate the rhythm of production of rotational flow settlement device.
In addition, suction culvert of the present invention also can comprise the first water inlet branch road 32a as shown in Figure 1 simultaneously, second water inlet branch road 32b (be equivalent to the first normal-temperature water and enter branch road), second normal-temperature water enters branch road, 3rd water inlet branch road 32c, first hot water enters branch road 32d and the second hot water enters branch road 32e, and the first water inlet branch road 32a, second water inlet branch road 32b, second normal-temperature water enters branch road, 3rd water inlet branch road 32c, first hot water enters branch road 32d and the second hot water and enters on branch road 32e and arrange a valve all respectively (such as, inlet valve can be called), and outlet pipeline also can comprise the first water outlet branch road 33a as shown in Figure 1, the second water outlet branch road 33b, the 3rd water outlet branch road 33c, the 4th water outlet branch road 33d and replace pipeline 33b ' simultaneously, and a valve is set all respectively on the first water outlet branch road 33a, the second water outlet branch road 33b, the 3rd water outlet branch road 33c, the 4th water outlet branch road 33d and replacement pipeline 33b '.In use, according to circumstances regulate the valve on different water outlet branch road to be in open or closure state, thus coordinated with water cleaning systems and the organic of the turbid recycle system by accident water regulation unit, and then realize regulating water treatment rhythm, parts on-bne repair or remove contamination (comprise the on-bne repair of the parts such as tube settler device 13, horizontal sedimentation device 14, electrochemical deoiling device 23, refrigerating unit 27 or remove contamination), strengthening effect of settling, regulating the effects such as water temperature.
In addition, in another exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, preferably, water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit are arranged in same place.Such as, water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit are arranged in same place, thus form the comprehensive water treatment system of full factory, be convenient to management like this, and save place.But conveniently, rotational flow settlement device can just be arranged near each water production line.
In addition, in another exemplary embodiment of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention, preferably, the height residing for accident water storing device is lower than the height in tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, chemical oil remover, hot water storage device, cold water storing device, refrigerating unit and cold water storing device residing for one or more.Such as, the height of electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, cold water storing device, tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device and refrigerating unit etc. is all built as the height higher than accident water storing device, to ensure that water can freely flow to accident water storing device under gravity, so just do not need entering the water extraction of accident water storing device for extra power, and then reach energy-conservation and effect that is that simplify the operation.
In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, integrated water treatment process comprises employing comprehensive water treatment system as above to process water (such as, metallurgical water).
Such as, in an example of the present invention, integrated water treatment process can realize in the following manner.
The former water extracted from water source intake 12 is introduced into tube settler device 13, the most silt of main removal or other suspended matter; Flow into horizontal sedimentation device 14 by the water after tube settler, the object of advection sedimentation removes the materials such as silt further, and the area of horizontal sedimentation device 14 is relatively much bigger, is conducive to obtaining good effect of settling.After tube settler and advection settlement treatment, what former water base instinct reached each production line uses water requirement.
The sewage produced between each waterwheel directly enters the hydrocyclone that each production line is arranged nearby, after first sedimentation, upper strata sewage imports discharge pipe line by water pump and is sent to comprehensive water treatment system, first electrochemical deoiling device 23 is entered, through oil removing and sedimentation, supernatant liquor flows into hot water storage device 24, be sent to refrigerating unit by hot water pump, after cooling, enter cold water storing device 25, be then sent to each water production line by water supply pump.
For the accident water storing device 31 that Sewage treatment systems and the clean recycle system share, be mainly used in collecting respectively from the emergent water of the different process links in water cleaning systems and the turbid recycle system.Accident water storing device 31 is communicated with second pipe etc. with the electrochemical deoiling device in the turbid recycle system, hot water storage device, refrigerating unit, turbid circulating water user with the different branch in outlet pipeline respectively by suction culvert, and is communicated with the first pipeline etc. with the tube settler device in water cleaning systems, horizontal sedimentation device, water purification user.Each branch road passes through Valve controlling, the general valve only opening a branch road according to accident water storing device 31 at different target reached at that time, to reach different processing intents, comprise and reach adjustment water treatment rhythm, parts on-bne repair or the object such as remove contamination (comprise the on-bne repair of the parts such as tube settler device 13, horizontal sedimentation device 14, electrochemical deoiling device 23, refrigerating unit 27 or remove contamination), adjustment water temperature, reinforcement sedimentation effect.
Such as, integrated water treatment process of the present invention can realize following object:
(1) when the water in accident water storing device comes from the hot water after the process of electrochemical deoiling device, can according to the water quality situation (to meet turbid circulation user water quality requirement be as the criterion) of water cleaning systems in different operation, select the water outlet of the water outlet after by the water of water source intake, the process of tube settler device and/or horizontal sedimentation device to lead respectively to mix fully toward accident water storage apparatus with the hot water of turbid circulation, to reach the object of cooling hot water.
(2) when the water quality of water source intake water is poor, when being all difficult to reach target water by the effect of tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device, can the water through the process of tube settler device be guided into accident water storing device, then be sent to horizontal sedimentation device from accident water storage apparatus by water pump.By utilizing accident water storing device like this, be equivalent to add one water treatment operation, the sedimentation of water is more complete, reaches the object of more advanced treatment.
(3) when needs keep in repair horizontal sedimentation device or thoroughly remove contamination time, can select when water consumption is relatively little, by the water after the process of tube settler device being led toward accident water storage apparatus, in accident water storing device, sedimentation is complete, and by the water pump of accident water storing device, water is directly sent to each water purification user.So temporarily instead of the effect of horizontal sedimentation device, to be repaired or remove contamination complete, then recover original flow process.
In sum, the beneficial effect of comprehensive water treatment system of the present invention and integrated water treatment process comprises: can regulate water treatment rhythm; Good subsiding and purifying effect can be obtained; Can parts (comprising the parts such as tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, refrigerating unit) be carried out on-bne repair or be removed contamination; Can water temperature be regulated, reduce the load of cooling tower; The process long-time stable direct motion to water purification and production waste can be made; Be convenient to centralized management, save place.
Although describe the present invention with exemplary embodiment by reference to the accompanying drawings above, those of ordinary skill in the art should be clear, when not departing from the spirit and scope of claim, can carry out various amendment to above-described embodiment.

Claims (10)

1. a comprehensive water treatment system, is characterized in that, described comprehensive water treatment system comprises water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit, wherein,
Described water cleaning systems comprises the water source, tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device and the water purification user that are linked in sequence by the first pipeline;
The described turbid recycle system is comprised the rotational flow settlement device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, the cold water storing device that are linked in sequence by second pipe and uses water production line, the described turbid recycle system also comprises the refrigerating unit be set up in parallel with hot water storage device and cold water storing device, and described refrigerating unit has the water-in be connected with hot water storage device and the water outlet be connected with cold water storing device;
Described accident water regulation unit comprises accident water storing device, suction culvert, outlet pipeline and water pump, wherein, accident water storing device is communicated with to receive from the emergent water in water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by described suction culvert with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system, accident water storing device is communicated with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by described outlet pipeline, and the position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with outlet pipeline is positioned at the downstream, position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with suction culvert, described suction culvert comprises and first hot water of the pipeline communication between electrochemical deoiling device and hot water storage device of second pipe enter branch road and/or and second hot water of the pipeline communication between hot water storage device and refrigerating unit of second pipe enter branch road, described water pump is arranged on outlet pipeline.
2. comprehensive water treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described suction culvert also comprises convergence tube and the first normal-temperature water enters branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enters branch road, first normal-temperature water enters the feed-water end of branch road and the pipeline communication between tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device of the first pipeline, the second normal-temperature water enter the feed-water end of branch road and the first pipeline be positioned at horizontal sedimentation device after pipeline communication; Described first normal-temperature water enters branch road, the second normal-temperature water enters branch road, the first hot water enters branch road and the second hot water enters on branch road and is all provided with an inlet valve, one end and first normal-temperature water of described convergence tube enter the water side that the water side of branch road and/or the second normal-temperature water enter branch road and are communicated with, and described one end of convergence tube also enters the water side that the water side of branch road and/or the second hot water enters branch road to be communicated with the first hot water, and the other end of convergence tube is used for supplying water to accident water storing device.
3. comprehensive water treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described suction culvert also comprises hot water spray pipeline, described hot water spray pipeline receive the first hot water enter branch road and/or the second hot water enter branch road hot water and by hot water spray to accident water storing device.
4. comprehensive water treatment system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described hot water spray pipeline comprises spraying pipeline body and is arranged on the spout hole on this spraying pipeline body.
5. comprehensive water treatment system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described spout hole has water spraying direction obliquely in the horizontal direction.
6. comprehensive water treatment system as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5, is characterized in that, described accident water regulation unit also comprises and is arranged on the first hot water and enters the hot water pump that branch road and/or the second hot water enter branch road.
7. comprehensive water treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described suction culvert also comprise in multiple water inlet branch road one or more, wherein, described multiple water inlet branch road comprises: and first of the pipeline communication between water source and tube settler device of the first pipeline intakes branch road; And second of the pipeline communication between tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device of the first pipeline intakes branch road; To intake branch road with the 3rd of the pipeline communication of rotational flow settlement device upstream that is positioned at of second pipe; And the 4th of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of second pipe the intakes branch road; Further, described first water inlet branch road, the second water inlet branch road, the 3rd water inlet branch road, the 4th water inlet branch road, the first hot water enter branch road and the second hot water and enter on branch road and be all provided with an inlet valve.
8. comprehensive water treatment system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described outlet pipeline comprise in multiple water outlet branch road one or more, and the water outlet branch road included by outlet pipeline can be corresponding with the water inlet branch road included by suction culvert, wherein, described multiple water outlet branch road comprises: with the water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in tube settler device downstream of tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline, and this water outlet branch road and first branch road of intaking is corresponding; With the water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in horizontal sedimentation device downstream of horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline, this water outlet branch road and second branch road of intaking is corresponding; And the water outlet branch road of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of rotational flow settlement device or second pipe, this water outlet branch road and the 3rd branch road of intaking is corresponding; The water outlet branch road be communicated with electrochemical deoiling device, this water outlet branch road and the 4th branch road of intaking is corresponding; With the water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in hot water storage device downstream of hot water storage device, refrigerating unit, cold water storing device or second pipe, it is corresponding that this water outlet branch road and the first hot water enter branch road, first intake one or more in branch road of branch road and second of intaking; With being positioned at refrigerating unit downstream or being positioned at the water outlet branch road of pipeline communication in refrigerating unit downstream of refrigerating unit, cold water storing device or second pipe, this water outlet branch road and the second hot water enter branch road, the first hot water enters branch road, the first intake one or more in branch road of branch road and second of intaking is corresponding; Further, each water outlet branch road in described multiple water outlet branch road is provided with flowing water Valve.
9. comprehensive water treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the height residing for described accident water storing device is lower than the height in tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, cold water storing device and refrigerating unit residing for one or more.
10. an integrated water treatment process, is characterized in that, described integrated water treatment process comprises employing if the comprehensive water treatment system in claim 1 to 5 and 7 to 9 as described in any one is to process water.
CN201310747124.1A 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Water treatment system and water treatment process Expired - Fee Related CN103755063B (en)

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