CN103755062B - Water treatment station and technology for water treatment by the same - Google Patents

Water treatment station and technology for water treatment by the same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103755062B
CN103755062B CN201310745821.3A CN201310745821A CN103755062B CN 103755062 B CN103755062 B CN 103755062B CN 201310745821 A CN201310745821 A CN 201310745821A CN 103755062 B CN103755062 B CN 103755062B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
branch road
accident
storing
pipeline
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CN201310745821.3A
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CN103755062A (en
Inventor
张先华
何志远
张艳兰
李道永
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Pangang Group Chengdu Steel and Vanadium Co Ltd
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Pangang Group Chengdu Steel and Vanadium Co Ltd
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Publication of CN103755062A publication Critical patent/CN103755062A/en
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Publication of CN103755062B publication Critical patent/CN103755062B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a water treatment station and a technology for water treatment by the same. The water treatment station comprises a water purification system, a muddy circulation system and an accident water regulation unit, wherein the water purification system comprises a water source, an inclined tube sedimentation device, an advective sedimentation device and a water purification user connected orderly; the muddy circulation system comprises a vortex sedimentation device, a chemical degreasing device, a hot water storage device, a cold water storage device, a water consumption production line and a cooling device connected orderly; the accident water regulation unit comprises an accident water storage device, a water inlet pipeline, a water outlet pipeline and a water pump arranged on the water outlet pipeline, moreover, the water inlet pipeline and the water outlet pipeline respectively connect the accident water storage device to the water purifications system and/or the muddy circulation system so as to accept emergency water supply. The technology adopts the water treatment station for water treatment. The water treatment station and the technology have the advantages of being capable of regulating water treatment pace, obtaining good sedimentation purification effect, performing online overhaul or trash removal for parts, regulating water temperature and guaranteeing long-time steady direct motion of water treatment.

Description

A kind of water treatment station and utilize it to carry out the technique of water treatment
Technical field
The present invention relates to water treating equipment and technique, specifically, relate to a kind of comprehensive water treatment system and a kind of integrated water treatment process, be particularly useful for total system and the technique of metallurgical water.
Background technology
Usually, smelter (such as, iron and steel enterprise) belong to the industry of highly energy-consuming, high water consumption, the new water of at substantial is needed in production process, but in view of the water quality at enterprise water source limits (such as, there is algae, suspended substance etc., the change of water quality particularly produced with the conversion in season), generally need to carry out preliminary process to water quality, the water in water source could be sent to each water unit and use.
In addition, the new water of smelter at substantial, will inevitably produce a large amount of waste water, such as, for iron and steel enterprise, containing precipitation and other suspended substances such as a large amount of iron scales in its waste water, also containing a large amount of oils, also has the feature of high temperature simultaneously.Usually need to carry out recycle to waste water, the amount of makeup water of enterprise can be reduced like this, and can saving water resource, possible water pollution accident can be avoided simultaneously.
In addition, traditional smelter (such as, iron and steel enterprise) usually new water and waste water is processed respectively, and relative unit is arranged apart, which results in the inconvenience of procreative collaboration aspect, and add the floor space of factory building and relevant structures, also result in the upper difficulty of management, do not meet intensive management expectancy.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve at least one item in prior art above shortcomings.
Such as, an object of the present invention be to provide a kind of can to the former water containing suspended substance and high temperature, the water treatment system of carrying out comprehensive treating process effectively containing the muddy water (such as, former water used in metallurgy and muddy water) of solid impurity and greasy dirt.Preferably, the invention provides a kind of integrated water treatment station that can have on-bne repair and decontamination function and/or there is water function of meeting an urgent need.
An aspect of of the present present invention provides a kind of integrated water treatment station.Described integrated water treatment station comprises water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit, and wherein, described water cleaning systems comprises the water source, tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device and the water purification user that are linked in sequence by the first pipeline, the described turbid recycle system is comprised the rotational flow settlement device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, the cold water storing device that are linked in sequence by second pipe and uses water production line, the described turbid recycle system also comprises the refrigerating unit be set up in parallel with hot water storage device and cold water storing device, and described refrigerating unit has the water-in be connected with hot water storage device and the water outlet be connected with cold water storing device, described accident water regulation unit comprises accident water storing device, suction culvert, outlet pipeline and water pump, wherein, described accident water storing device has together or more than twice is arranged on the guide-wall in accident water storing device along the direction vertical with water (flow) direction, to form the water channel that can make more than two of water crankle in accident water storing device, accident water storing device is communicated with to receive from the emergent water in water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by described suction culvert with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system, accident water storing device is communicated with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by described outlet pipeline, and the position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with outlet pipeline is positioned at the downstream, position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with suction culvert, described water pump is arranged on outlet pipeline.
In an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, described suction culvert comprise in multiple water inlet branch road one or more, wherein, described multiple water inlet branch road comprises: and first of the pipeline communication between water source and tube settler device of the first pipeline intakes branch road; And second of the pipeline communication between tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device of the first pipeline intakes branch road; And the 3rd of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of second pipe the intakes branch road; And the 4th of the pipeline communication between electrochemical deoiling device and hot water storage device of second pipe the intakes branch road; And the 5th of the pipeline communication between hot water storage device and refrigerating unit of second pipe the intakes branch road; To intake branch road with the 6th of the pipeline communication of rotational flow settlement device upstream that is positioned at of second pipe; Further, described first water inlet branch road, the second water inlet branch road, the 3rd water inlet branch road, the 4th water inlet branch road, the 5th water inlet branch road and the 6th water inlet branch road are all provided with an inlet valve.
In an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, described outlet pipeline comprise in multiple water outlet branch road one or more, and the water outlet branch road included by outlet pipeline can be corresponding with the water inlet branch road included by suction culvert, wherein, described multiple water outlet branch road comprises: with the water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in tube settler device downstream of tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline, and this water outlet branch road and first is intake, branch road is corresponding; With the water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in horizontal sedimentation device downstream of horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline, and this water outlet branch road and second is intake, branch road is corresponding; And the water outlet branch road of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of rotational flow settlement device or second pipe, and this water outlet branch road and the 6th is intake, branch road is corresponding; The water outlet branch road be communicated with electrochemical deoiling device, and this water outlet branch road and the 3rd is intake, branch road is corresponding; With the water inlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in hot water storage device downstream of hot water storage device, refrigerating unit, cold water storing device or second pipe, and this water outlet branch road and the 4th is intake, branch road, first intake one or more in branch road of branch road and second of intaking is corresponding; With being positioned at refrigerating unit downstream or being positioned at the water outlet branch road of pipeline communication in refrigerating unit downstream of refrigerating unit, cold water storing device or second pipe, and this water outlet branch road and the 5th is intake, branch road, the 4th branch road, first intake one or more in branch road of branch road and second of intaking of intaking is corresponding; Further, each water outlet branch road in described multiple water outlet branch road is provided with flowing water Valve.
In an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, the bottom of described accident water storing device can have the gradient along described water (flow) direction to downward-extension, and the every bar water channel in the water channel of described more than two has from its water inlet position to water exit position to the gradient of downward-extension.
In an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, on the bottom that described guide-wall can be arranged on accident water storing device and only with a sidewall contact of accident water storing device, to make water flow out from the gap between another sidewall and guide-wall of accident water storage apparatus, and a described sidewall of guide-wall and accident water storing device is at formation obtuse angle, upstream face direction.
In an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, described accident water storing device also can comprise the through hole be arranged on bottom guide-wall and the gate valve be arranged in described through hole.
In an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, described accident water storing device also can comprise one or more waterworks, and described waterworks is arranged on the corner that guide-wall and accident water storing device are formed or the corner being arranged on accident water storing device.
In an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, described water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit are preferably arranged in same place.
In an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, the height residing for described accident water storing device is lower than the height in tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, refrigerating unit and cold water storing device residing for one or more; And/or, described accident water storing device be arranged at underground and the upper limb of accident water storing device a little more than ground.
Such as, another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of can to the former water containing suspended substance and high temperature, the water technology of carrying out comprehensive treating process effectively containing the muddy water (such as, former water used in metallurgy and muddy water) of solid impurity and greasy dirt.Preferably, the invention provides a kind of integrated water treatment process that can have on-bne repair and decontamination function and/or there is water function of meeting an urgent need.
Another aspect provides a kind of integrated water treatment process.Described integrated water treatment process comprises employing integrated water treatment station as above to process metallurgical water.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention comprises: can regulate water treatment rhythm; Good subsiding and purifying effect can be obtained; Can parts (comprising the parts such as tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, refrigerating unit) be carried out on-bne repair or be removed contamination; Can water temperature be regulated, reduce the load of cooling tower; The process long-time stable direct motion to water purification and production waste can be made; Be convenient to centralized management, save place.
Accompanying drawing explanation
By the description carried out below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, above and other object of the present invention and feature will become apparent, wherein:
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of an exemplary embodiment of the accident water storing device of integrated water treatment station of the present invention.
Main Reference Numerals is as follows:
11-first pipeline, 12-water source intake, 13-tube settler device, 14-horizontal sedimentation device, 15-water purification user, 16-first suction well;
21-second pipe, 22-rotational flow settlement device, 23-electrochemical deoiling device, 24-hot water storage device, 25-cold water storing device, 26-use water production line, 27-refrigerating unit, 28-second suction well;
31-accident water storing device, 31a-water inlet, 31b-water outlet, 31c-collection mud sump, 31d-waterworks, I, II, III, IV-guide-wall, 32a-first branch road, 32b-second branch road, 32c-the 3rd intake branch road, 32e-the 5th of branch road, 32d-the 4th of intaking of intaking of intaking is intake branch road, 33-outlet pipeline, 33a-first water outlet branch road, 33b-second water outlet branch road, 33b '-replacement pipeline, 33c-the 3rd water outlet branch road and 33d-the 4th water outlet branch road.
Embodiment
Hereinafter, integrated water treatment station of the present invention and integrated water treatment process will be described in detail with exemplary embodiment by reference to the accompanying drawings.Integrated water treatment station of the present invention and integrated water treatment process be particularly useful for the former water containing suspended substance and high temperature, containing solid impurity and greasy dirt muddy water (such as, former water used in metallurgy and muddy water) simultaneously or carry out effective comprehensive treating process uniformly.
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention.What Fig. 2 showed an exemplary embodiment of the accident water storing device of integrated water treatment station of the present invention overlooks direction structure schematic diagram.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in an exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, integrated water treatment station comprises water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit.
Wherein, water cleaning systems comprises the water source that is linked in sequence by the first pipeline 11 (such as, nature rivers and canals) intake 12, tube settler device 13 (such as, tube settler pond), horizontal sedimentation device 14 (such as, level current subsider), the first suction well 16 and water purification user 15 (such as, using the associated production line of water purification).In the present example embodiment, the first suction well of being communicated with horizontal sedimentation device 14 is set mainly for the ease of the water after processing is supplied to each water purification user 15 by water pump, but, the present invention is not limited thereto, also the first suction well can not be set.
The turbid recycle system comprises the rotational flow settlement device 22 that is linked in sequence by second pipe 21 (such as, hydrocyclone), electrochemical deoiling device 23 (such as, chemical oil remover), hot water storage device 24 (such as, hot tub), cold water storing device 25 (such as, water cooling pond), the second suction well 28 and with water production line 26 (such as, using the associated production line of sewage after treatment); In addition, the turbid recycle system also comprises the refrigerating unit 27 (such as, cooling tower) be set up in parallel with hot water storage device 24 and cold water storing device 25.Refrigerating unit 27 has the water-in be connected with hot water storage device 24 and the water outlet be connected with cold water storing device 25.In the present example embodiment, the second suction well of being communicated with cold water storing device 25 is set mainly for the ease of the water after processing is supplied to each water production line 26 by water pump, but, the present invention is not limited thereto, also the second suction well can not be set.
Accident water regulation unit comprises accident water storing device 31 (such as, emergency pool), suction culvert, outlet pipeline 33 and water pump.Wherein, accident water storing device 31 has together or more than twice is arranged on the guide-wall 32d in accident water storing device along the direction vertical with water (flow) direction, to form the water channel that can make more than two of water crankle in accident water storing device; Accident water storing device 31 is communicated with to receive from the emergent water in water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by suction culvert with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system.Accident water storing device 31 is communicated with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by outlet pipeline 33, and the position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with outlet pipeline 33 is positioned at the downstream, position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with suction culvert.Water pump is arranged on outlet pipeline 33.
In addition, as shown in Figure 1, in the present example embodiment, suction culvert comprises a branch road in the first water inlet branch road 32a, the second water inlet branch road 32b, the 3rd water inlet branch road 32c, the 4th water inlet branch road 32d and the 5th water inlet branch road 32e or plural branch road; And the first water inlet branch road, the second water inlet branch road, the 3rd water inlet branch road, the 4th water inlet branch road and the 5th water inlet branch road are all provided with an inlet valve.Wherein, the pipeline communication between water source intake 12 and tube settler device 13 of the first water inlet branch road 32a and the first pipeline 11, that is, water source intake 12 can be communicated with accident water storing device 31 by the first water inlet branch road 32a, thus accident water storing device 31 can be shunted the water being about to enter tube settler device 13.Second water inlet branch road 32b and the pipeline communication between tube settler device 13 and horizontal sedimentation device 14 of the first pipeline 11, thus the second water inlet branch road 32b can will discharge from tube settler device 13 and the moisture flow being about to enter horizontal sedimentation device 14 enters accident water storing device 31.3rd water inlet branch road 32c and the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device 22 and electrochemical deoiling device 23 of second pipe 21, thus the 3rd water inlet branch road 32c can will discharge from rotational flow settlement device 22 and the recirculated water shunting being about to enter electrochemical deoiling device 23 enters accident water storing device 31.4th water inlet branch road 32d and the pipeline communication between electrochemical deoiling device 23 and hot water storage device 24 of second pipe 21, thus the 4th water inlet branch road 32d chemically oil removal plant 23 can be discharged and the recirculated water shunting being about to enter hot water storage device 24 enters accident water storing device 31.5th water inlet branch road 32e and the pipeline communication between hot water storage device 24 and refrigerating unit 27 of second pipe 21, thus the 5th water inlet branch road 32e can will discharge from hot water storage device 24 and the recirculated water shunting being about to enter refrigerating unit 27 enters accident water storing device 31.Such as, but the present invention is not limited thereto, suction culvert also can comprise the water inlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication of rotational flow settlement device upstream with second pipe.
In addition, as shown in Figure 1, in the present example embodiment, outlet pipeline 33 comprise in the first water outlet branch road 33a, the second water outlet branch road 33b, the 3rd water outlet branch road 33c and the 4th water outlet branch road 33d one or more, and the water outlet branch road included by outlet pipeline 33 can be corresponding with the water inlet branch road included by suction culvert.Further, the first water outlet branch road, the second water outlet branch road, the 3rd water outlet branch road and the 4th water outlet branch road all arrange a flowing water Valve.
Wherein, the first water outlet branch road 33a is communicated with tube settler device 13, and the first water outlet branch road and first branch road of intaking is corresponding.That is, when suction culvert comprises the first water inlet branch road 32a, outlet pipeline 33 comprises the first water outlet branch road 33a, water accident water storing device 31 can shunted like this returns again and carries out sedimentation to tube settler device 13 in suitable situation (such as, the non-inspecting state in tube settler pond or the little situation of water source intake 12 flow).But, the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, the first water outlet branch road also can with the pipeline communication being positioned at tube settler device downstream of horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline.Now, the water that accident water storing device is shunted can be returned the pipeline being positioned at tube settler device downstream to horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline again by the first water outlet branch road in suitable situation (situation that such as, the non-inspecting state of tube settler device, the non-inspecting state of horizontal sedimentation device or water source intake flow are little).In addition, preferably, accident water storing device has and is arranged on guide-wall in accident water storing device (such as along the direction vertical with water (flow) direction (direction from left to right as in Fig. 1), the guide-wall of more than twice can be set), accident water storing device can be made like this to play good settlement action.
Second water outlet branch road 33b is communicated with horizontal sedimentation device 14, and the second water outlet branch road and second branch road of intaking is corresponding.That is, when suction culvert comprises the second water inlet branch road 32b, outlet pipeline comprises the second water outlet branch road 33b, water accident water storing device 31 can shunted like this returns again and carries out sedimentation to horizontal sedimentation device 14 in suitable situation (such as, the non-inspecting state of horizontal sedimentation device 14 or the little situation of water source intake 12 flow).But, the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, the second water outlet branch road also can with the pipeline communication being positioned at horizontal sedimentation device downstream of the first pipeline, as the replacement pipeline 33b ' in Fig. 1.Now, the water that accident water storing device is shunted can return to the pipeline being positioned at tube settler device downstream of the first pipeline by the second water outlet branch road in suitable situation (situation that such as, intake flow in water source is little) again.Preferably, accident water storing device has and is arranged on guide-wall in accident water storing device 31 along the direction vertical with water (flow) direction (direction from left to right as in Fig. 1), and accident water storing device can be made like this to play good settlement action.In addition, outlet pipeline of the present invention also can comprise the second water outlet branch road 33b simultaneously and replace pipeline 33b '.Replace on pipeline 33b ' and also can valve be set.
3rd water outlet branch road 33c is communicated with electrochemical deoiling device 23, and the 3rd water outlet branch road and the 3rd branch road of intaking is corresponding; That is, when suction culvert comprises the 3rd water inlet branch road 32c, outlet pipeline comprises the 3rd water outlet branch road 33c, water accident water storing device 31 can shunted like this returns again and carries out oil removal treatment to electrochemical deoiling device 23 in suitable situation (such as, the non-inspecting state of electrochemical deoiling device 23 or swirler carry out the little situation of the water yield).
The pipeline communication being positioned at cold water storing device 25 downstream of the 4th water outlet branch road 33d and second pipe 21, the 4th water outlet branch road and the 4th branch road, the 5th branch road, first one or more branch road of intaking that branch road and second intakes in branch road of intaking of intaking of intaking is corresponding.That is, when suction culvert comprises one or more in the 4th water inlet branch road, the 5th water inlet branch road, the first water inlet branch road and the second water inlet branch road, outlet pipeline comprises the 4th water outlet branch road 33d, water accident water storing device 31 can shunted like this in suitable situation (such as, the inspecting state of cooling tower or the inadequate state (situation that the cooling tower leaving water temperature(LWT) such as, often occurred hot season is higher) etc. of cooling tower cooling degree) under return again to using water production line.Temperature fall can be carried out to the hot water in the turbid recycle system like this or can effectively utilize the water in water source to carry out neutralization cooling to the hot water in the turbid recycle system, thus the load of cooling tower can be reduced, be conducive to turbid recycle system direct motion.
But outlet pipeline of the present invention is not limited thereto, such as, outlet pipeline also can comprise the water outlet branch road be communicated with hot water storage device, or the branch road be communicated with refrigerating unit, or the water outlet branch road be communicated with cold water storing device.In addition, outlet pipeline of the present invention also can comprise and the water outlet branch road of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of rotational flow settlement device or second pipe, to regulate the rhythm of production of rotational flow settlement device.
In addition, suction culvert of the present invention also can comprise the first water inlet branch road 32a as shown in Figure 1, the second water inlet branch road 32b, the 3rd water inlet branch road 32c, the 4th water inlet branch road 32d and the 5th water inlet branch road 32e simultaneously, and the first water inlet branch road 32a, the second water inlet branch road 32b, the 3rd water inlet branch road 32c, the 4th water inlet branch road 32d and the 5th water inlet branch road 32e arrange a valve (such as, can be called inlet valve) respectively; And outlet pipeline also can comprise the first water outlet branch road 33a as shown in Figure 1, the second water outlet branch road 33b, the 3rd water outlet branch road 33c, the 4th water outlet branch road 33d and replace pipeline 33b ' simultaneously, and a valve is set all respectively on the first water outlet branch road 33a, the second water outlet branch road 33b, the 3rd water outlet branch road 33c, the 4th water outlet branch road 33d and replacement pipeline 33b '.In use, according to circumstances regulate the valve on different water outlet branch road to be in open or closure state, thus coordinated with water cleaning systems and the organic of the turbid recycle system by accident water regulation unit, and then realize regulating water treatment rhythm, parts on-bne repair or the effect such as remove contamination (comprise the on-bne repair of the parts such as tube settler device 13, horizontal sedimentation device 14, electrochemical deoiling device 23, refrigerating unit 27 or remove contamination), adjustment water temperature.
As shown in Figure 2, in one exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the shape of accident water storing device 31 is be trapezoidal prism along the cross section of its short transverse.Accident water storing device 31 has long base AB (as the trapezoidal long limit in Fig. 2, also can be described as waterside), short base CD is (as the trapezoidal minor face in Fig. 2, also can be described as outlet edge), water inlet 31a, water outlet 31b, two sidewall AD and BC, guide-wall I, II, III and IV, collection mud sump 31c, waterworks 31d (such as, shower nozzle).Wherein, water inlet 31a is arranged on one end, long base (A as the long base in Fig. 2 holds); Water outlet 31b is arranged on the one end (C as the short base in Fig. 2 holds) on short base.Two sidewall AD and BC are between long base and short base and arrange toward each other.Four guide-wall I, II, III and IV edge, roads and water (flow) direction are (namely, direction from left to right in Fig. 2, namely AD direction) vertical direction (the AB direction namely in Fig. 2) is arranged in accident water storing device, thus formation can make five water channels of water crankle in accident water storing device.Collection mud sump 31c is arranged on short base place, and for collecting the mud of sedimentation in accident water storing device 31, and the sludge sump that mud can be sent to integrated water treatment station carries out unifying process.Waterworks 31d is arranged on the corner that guide-wall and accident water storing device are formed or the corner being arranged on accident water storing device.
Preferably, the bottom of accident water storing device has the gradient along water (flow) direction (direction from left to right as in Fig. 2) to downward-extension, and such as, the bottom of accident water storing device can have the gradient of 5 ~ 10 degree.That is, the bottom of accident water storing device has the height from entering waterside to outlet edge and declining gradually.Such as, and the every bar water channel in accident water storing device has from its water inlet position to water exit position to the gradient of downward-extension, and, every bar water channel can have the gradient of 2 ~ 5 degree.Such as, the water channel between guide-wall I and II has the height declined gradually along the BA direction in Fig. 2; Water channel between guide-wall II and III has the height declined gradually along the AB direction in Fig. 2.The bottom of accident water storing device and water channel are set to have the above-mentioned gradient, are conducive to mud and flow to collection mud sump in accident water storing device, be also conducive to the follow-up desilting work carried out simultaneously.
Preferably, on the bottom that guide-wall is arranged on accident water storing device and only with a sidewall contact of accident water storing device, to make water flow out from the gap between another sidewall and guide-wall of accident water storage apparatus, and a described sidewall of guide-wall and accident water storing device is at formation obtuse angle, upstream face direction.As shown in Figure 2, guide-wall I with III only contacts with the sidewall AD of accident water storing device, and is all formed with the gap of supplying water and flowing through with the sidewall BC of accident water storing device; And guide-wall I and III all with the DA direction of accident water storing device (namely, the upstream face direction of guide-wall I and III) sidewall in obtuse angle, and be acute angle with the sidewall in the AD direction (that is, the back side direction of guide-wall I and III) of accident water storing device.As shown in Figure 2, guide-wall II with IV only contacts with the sidewall BC of accident water storing device, and is all formed with the gap of supplying water and flowing through with the sidewall AD of accident water storing device; And guide-wall I and III all with the CB direction of accident water storing device (namely, the upstream face direction of guide-wall II and IV) sidewall in obtuse angle, and be acute angle with the sidewall in the BC direction (that is, the back side direction of guide-wall II and IV) of accident water storing device.The relative like this mud that not easily causes deposits, and simultaneously easilier under the circulation effect of water is taken away by drift.Although the sidewall of guide-wall and accident water storing device is forming acute angle in upstream face direction, because of towards direction of anhydrating, therefore, be not easy to cause mud to deposit.
Preferably, described accident water storing device also can comprise one or more waterworks, and this waterworks is arranged on the corner that guide-wall and accident water storing device are formed and/or the corner being arranged on accident water storing device.As shown in Figure 2, corner (i.e. its obtuse corners) place in the upstream face direction formed at two corners (comprising obtuse corners and the acute angle corner) place that two corners (comprising obtuse corners and the acute angle corner) place that two corners that the B place, corner of accident water storing device, guide-wall I and sidewall AD are formed (comprising obtuse corners and acute angle corner) place, guide-wall II and sidewall BC are formed, guide-wall III and sidewall AD are formed and guide-wall IV and sidewall BC all arranges one close to the waterworks bottom accident water storing device.Waterworks can for spraying the nozzle of high pressure water or water at atmospheric pressure.Such as, nozzle is preferably designed for the flats with plane-parallel.Nozzle spray direction can be preferably following situation: the spray direction of obtuse corners place nozzle towards this nozzle faced by guide-wall or enter the midline position of waterside, as shown in Figure 2; The spray direction of sharp corner nozzle towards this nozzle faced by the midline position in gap (also can be described as opening), as shown in Figure 2.Like this when needs desilting, drain the remaining water in pond, all open all hydraulic sprays, can effective desilting be carried out.In pond, forming ponding in order to not causing very soon simultaneously, affecting dredging effect, the wet-pit of emergency pool can be opened simultaneously, water being sent to the turbid recycle system (such as, chemical oil remover) and processing.So continuous operation is until desilting is complete.
Preferably, in order to reach better dredging effect, can open to outlet edge direction order the nozzle belonging to the different water channels be split to form by guide-wall from entering waterside, interval time is depending on each water channel cleaning degree (such as, 3 ~ 5 minutes).Be equivalent to emergency pool to be separated into several pond like this clear up respectively, when the nozzle of last water channel runs, while the cleaning work completing this water channel, water flows to follow-up water channel successively, constantly can wash away the mud of part, reach the desilting pressure alleviating follow-up water channel.And all only have the nozzle of a water channel in work always, and be easier to control, also more energy-conservation.
Carrying out water pipe and can being access to the high-pressure water prmp room arranged in addition of waterworks, also preferably can be connected to the rising pipe direction of the hot water pump for extracting hot water in hot water storage device out; Be more preferably, the high-pressure hydraulic pump that is extracted out hot water in hot water storage device can be additionally set, to supply water to waterworks separately.The hot water of the turbid recycle system of recycle can either be realized like this, also the requirements such as the pressure of high pressure water can be met, also reduce the total heat of the turbid recycle system in this process simultaneously, also achieve the object that the hot water in Zhuo Xunhuan is cooled to a certain extent.
In addition, preferably, accident water storing device also can comprise the through hole be arranged on bottom guide-wall and the gate valve be arranged in described through hole.Such as, bottom all guide-walls, all have 2 ~ 3 through holes, adopt gate valve to control through hole and be in and open or closure state.Needing the stroke increasing water, when strengthening precipitating action, close all gate valves; Otherwise, when the stroke without the need to increasing water, then all gate valves can be opened, certainly can ensure, in the impregnable situation of current, also can not open gate valve.In addition, when carrying out desilting to accident water storing device, can gate valve be opened, also can improve efficiency and the effect of desilting further.
In addition, in another exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, preferably, water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit are arranged in same place.Such as, water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit are arranged in same place, thus form the integrated water treatment station of full factory, be convenient to management like this, and save place.But conveniently, rotational flow settlement device can just be arranged near each water production line.
In addition, in another exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, preferably, the height residing for accident water storing device is lower than the height in tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, refrigerating unit and cold water storing device residing for one or more.Such as, the height of electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, cold water storing device, tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device and refrigerating unit etc. is all built as the height higher than accident water storing device, to ensure that water can freely flow to accident water storing device under gravity, so just do not need entering the water extraction of accident water storing device for extra power, and then reach energy-conservation and effect that is that simplify the operation.
In addition, in another exemplary embodiment of integrated water treatment station of the present invention, preferably, accident water storing device be arranged at underground and the upper limb of accident water storing device a little more than ground.Such as, the retaining part of accident water storing device can be arranged at underground completely, and the upper limb of accident water storing device a little more than ground, and leaves the influx of surface runoff on this upper limb, and arranges gate valve, effectively controls to open or close.Like this can when rainy season, and under emergency pool is in relatively idle state, utilize the mechanism of " Water seeks its own level ", for the natural precipitation collecting around integrated water treatment station or can collect in full plant area territory, depending on the water quality situation of collected rainwater after stagnation, sedimentation, be sent to different operation supplementing, to reduce the water withdrawal at water source place as the water yield respectively.
In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, integrated water treatment process comprises employing integrated water treatment station as above to process water (such as, metallurgical water).
Such as, in an example of the present invention, integrated water treatment process can realize in the following manner.
The former water extracted from water source intake 12 is introduced into tube settler device 13, the most silt of main removal or other suspended matter; Flow into horizontal sedimentation device 14 by the water after tube settler, the object of advection sedimentation removes the materials such as silt further, and the area of horizontal sedimentation device 14 is relatively much bigger, is conducive to obtaining good effect of settling.After tube settler and advection settlement treatment, what former water base instinct reached each production line uses water requirement.
The sewage produced between each waterwheel directly enters the hydrocyclone that each production line is arranged nearby, after first sedimentation, upper strata sewage imports discharge pipe line by water pump and is sent to integrated water treatment station, first electrochemical deoiling device 23 is entered, through oil removing and sedimentation, supernatant liquor flows into hot water storage device 24, be sent to refrigerating unit by hot water pump, after cooling, enter cold water storing device 25, be then sent to each water production line by water supply pump.
For the accident water storing device 31 that Sewage treatment systems and the clean recycle system share, be mainly used in collecting respectively from the emergent water of the different process links in water cleaning systems and the turbid recycle system.Accident water storing device 31 is communicated with second pipe etc. with the electrochemical deoiling device in the turbid recycle system, hot water storage device, refrigerating unit, turbid circulating water user with the different branch in outlet pipeline respectively by suction culvert, and is communicated with the first pipeline etc. with the tube settler device in water cleaning systems, horizontal sedimentation device, water purification user.Each branch road passes through Valve controlling, the general valve only opening a branch road according to accident water storing device 31 at different target reached at that time, to reach different processing intents, comprise and reach adjustment water treatment rhythm, parts on-bne repair or the object such as remove contamination (comprise the on-bne repair of the parts such as tube settler device 13, horizontal sedimentation device 14, electrochemical deoiling device 23, refrigerating unit 27 or remove contamination), adjustment water temperature.
Such as, integrated water treatment process of the present invention can realize following object:
(1) when the water in accident water storing device comes from the hot water after the process of electrochemical deoiling device, can according to the water quality situation (to meet turbid circulation user water quality requirement be as the criterion) of water cleaning systems in different operation, select the water outlet of the water outlet after by the water of water source intake, the process of tube settler device and/or horizontal sedimentation device to lead respectively to mix fully toward accident water storage apparatus with the hot water of turbid circulation, to reach the object of cooling hot water.
(2) when the water quality of water source intake water is poor, when being all difficult to reach target water by the effect of tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device, can the water through the process of tube settler device be guided into accident water storing device, then be sent to horizontal sedimentation device from accident water storage apparatus by water pump.By utilizing accident water storing device like this, be equivalent to add one water treatment operation, the sedimentation of water is more complete, reaches the object of more advanced treatment.
(3) when needs keep in repair horizontal sedimentation device or thoroughly remove contamination time, can select when water consumption is relatively little, by the water after the process of tube settler device being led toward accident water storage apparatus, in accident water storing device, sedimentation is complete, and by the water pump of accident water storing device, water is directly sent to each water purification user.So temporarily instead of the effect of horizontal sedimentation device, to be repaired or remove contamination complete, then recover original flow process.
In sum, the beneficial effect of integrated water treatment station of the present invention and integrated water treatment process comprises: can regulate water treatment rhythm; Good subsiding and purifying effect can be obtained; Can parts (comprising the parts such as tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, refrigerating unit) be carried out on-bne repair or be removed contamination; Can water temperature be regulated, reduce the load of cooling tower; The process long-time stable direct motion to water purification and production waste can be made; Be convenient to centralized management, save place.
Although describe the present invention with exemplary embodiment by reference to the accompanying drawings above, those of ordinary skill in the art should be clear, when not departing from the spirit and scope of claim, can carry out various amendment to above-described embodiment.

Claims (10)

1. an integrated water treatment station, is characterized in that, described integrated water treatment station comprises water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit, wherein,
Described water cleaning systems comprises the water source, tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device and the water purification user that are linked in sequence by the first pipeline;
The described turbid recycle system is comprised the rotational flow settlement device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, the cold water storing device that are linked in sequence by second pipe and uses water production line, the described turbid recycle system also comprises the refrigerating unit be set up in parallel with hot water storage device and cold water storing device, and described refrigerating unit has the water-in be connected with hot water storage device and the water outlet be connected with cold water storing device;
Described accident water regulation unit comprises accident water storing device, suction culvert, outlet pipeline and water pump, wherein, described accident water storing device has together or more than twice is arranged on the guide-wall in accident water storing device along the direction vertical with water (flow) direction, to form the water channel that can make more than two of water crankle in accident water storing device, accident water storing device is communicated with to receive from the emergent water in water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by described suction culvert with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system, accident water storing device is communicated with water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system by described outlet pipeline, and the position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with outlet pipeline is positioned at the downstream, position that water cleaning systems and/or the turbid recycle system are communicated with suction culvert, described water pump is arranged on outlet pipeline.
2. integrated water treatment station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described suction culvert comprise in multiple water inlet branch road one or more, wherein, described multiple water inlet branch road comprises: and first of the pipeline communication between water source and tube settler device of the first pipeline intakes branch road; And second of the pipeline communication between tube settler device and horizontal sedimentation device of the first pipeline intakes branch road; And the 3rd of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of second pipe the intakes branch road; And the 4th of the pipeline communication between electrochemical deoiling device and hot water storage device of second pipe the intakes branch road; And the 5th of the pipeline communication between hot water storage device and refrigerating unit of second pipe the intakes branch road; To intake branch road with the 6th of the pipeline communication of rotational flow settlement device upstream that is positioned at of second pipe; Further, described first water inlet branch road, the second water inlet branch road, the 3rd water inlet branch road, the 4th water inlet branch road, the 5th water inlet branch road and the 6th water inlet branch road are all provided with an inlet valve.
3. integrated water treatment station according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described outlet pipeline comprise in multiple water outlet branch road one or more, and the water outlet branch road included by outlet pipeline can be corresponding with the water inlet branch road included by suction culvert, wherein, described multiple water outlet branch road comprises: with the water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in tube settler device downstream of tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline, and this water outlet branch road and first is intake, branch road is corresponding; With the water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in horizontal sedimentation device downstream of horizontal sedimentation device or the first pipeline, and this water outlet branch road and second is intake, branch road is corresponding; And the water outlet branch road of the pipeline communication between rotational flow settlement device and electrochemical deoiling device of rotational flow settlement device or second pipe, and this water outlet branch road and the 6th is intake, branch road is corresponding; The water outlet branch road be communicated with electrochemical deoiling device, and this water outlet branch road and the 3rd is intake, branch road is corresponding; With the water outlet branch road being positioned at the pipeline communication in hot water storage device downstream of hot water storage device, refrigerating unit, cold water storing device or second pipe, and this water outlet branch road and the 4th is intake, branch road, first intake one or more in branch road of branch road and second of intaking is corresponding; With being positioned at refrigerating unit downstream or being positioned at the water outlet branch road of pipeline communication in refrigerating unit downstream of refrigerating unit, cold water storing device or second pipe, and this water outlet branch road and the 5th is intake, branch road, the 4th branch road, first intake one or more in branch road of branch road and second of intaking of intaking is corresponding; Further, each water outlet branch road in described multiple water outlet branch road is provided with flowing water Valve.
4. integrated water treatment station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described accident water storing device has the gradient along described water (flow) direction to downward-extension, and the every bar water channel in the water channel of described more than two has from its water inlet position to water exit position to the gradient of downward-extension.
5. integrated water treatment station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, on the bottom that described guide-wall is arranged on accident water storing device and only with a sidewall contact of accident water storing device, to make water flow out from the gap between another sidewall and guide-wall of accident water storage apparatus, and a described sidewall of guide-wall and accident water storing device is at formation obtuse angle, upstream face direction.
6. integrated water treatment station according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described accident water storing device also comprises the through hole be arranged on bottom guide-wall and the gate valve be arranged in described through hole.
7. integrated water treatment station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described accident water storing device also comprises one or more waterworks, and described waterworks is arranged on the corner that guide-wall and accident water storing device are formed or the corner being arranged on accident water storing device.
8. integrated water treatment station according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described water cleaning systems, the turbid recycle system and accident water regulation unit are arranged in same place.
9. integrated water treatment station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the height residing for described accident water storing device is lower than the height in tube settler device, horizontal sedimentation device, electrochemical deoiling device, hot water storage device, refrigerating unit and cold water storing device residing for one or more; And/or, described accident water storing device be arranged at underground and the upper limb of accident water storing device a little more than ground.
10. an integrated water treatment process, is characterized in that, described integrated water treatment process comprises employing integrated water treatment station as in one of claimed in any of claims 1 to 9 to process water.
CN201310745821.3A 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Water treatment station and technology for water treatment by the same Expired - Fee Related CN103755062B (en)

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