CN103669287A - Ecological wave-weakening water conservation revetment structure - Google Patents

Ecological wave-weakening water conservation revetment structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103669287A
CN103669287A CN201310697967.5A CN201310697967A CN103669287A CN 103669287 A CN103669287 A CN 103669287A CN 201310697967 A CN201310697967 A CN 201310697967A CN 103669287 A CN103669287 A CN 103669287A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
kinds
disappears
weakening
wave
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CN201310697967.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李冬林
戴小琳
刘劲松
季永华
丁晶晶
万欣
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Jiangsu Forestry Academy
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Jiangsu Forestry Academy
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Priority to CN201310697967.5A priority Critical patent/CN103669287A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an ecological wave-weakening water conservation revetment structure. The ecological wave-weakening water conservation revetment structure is characterized in that an emergent plant wave-weakening area is arranged below a high water level of a revetment, a hygrophyte corrosion prevention area is arranged above the high water level until the top of the revetment, and an economical plant dike dam area is arranged on the top of the revetment and the remaining space. One to two rows of wave-weakening piles are arranged on the side, close to water, of the emergent plant wave-weakening area, wherein large emergent plants are planted in the emergent plant wave-weakening area in a wide and dense mode, and the emergent plants are mixed in the shape of strips and arranged parallel to the water flow direction. Hygrophytes with luxuriant roots and leaves are planted in the hygrophyte corrosion prevention area in a wide and dense mode, and the hygrophytes are mixed in the shape of strips and arranged parallel to the water flow direction. The economical plant dike dam area is of a windbreak tree belt structure formed by mixing economical trees and shrubs, wherein ecological garden dike roads are paved in the windbreak tree belt structure in a natural style for relaxation and sightseeing of tourists. The ecological wave-weakening water conservation revetment structure not only has the remarkable water conservation embankment effect, but also has the advantages of being ecological, attractive in appearance, and capable of weakening waves and enhancing effects.

Description

A kind of ecology unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ecology unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears, belong to water conservancy slope protection works and city trees and shrubs technical field.
Background technology
Water conservancy bank protection, as the important component part of aquatic ecosystem, is the intermediate zone between water body and terrestrial ecosystems, conserving water and soil, the aspect such as purifying water body, flood control flood passage has important function.For a long time, for the protection people of water conservancy side slope, pay close attention to emphatically stability and the safety of different revetment forms, the negative effect that less consideration hardening slope protection prevention produces ecological environment.Not only form is single for the slope protection works of tradition hardening, with high costs, view is undesirable, the more important thing is that this bank protection partly blocked the ecological linkage between animals and plants and microorganism and land, cause the balance of the land and water ecosystem to be destroyed, thereby be subject to many ecologists and environment scholar's query.
Along with socioeconomic development, the raising of people's environmental protection consciousness, people recognize that protective slope structure is for the importance of safeguarding the land and water ecosystem ecological homeostasis gradually, the structure form of water conservancy bank protection gradually towards variation, ecology, beautify future development.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is single for current China traditional water conservancy engineering bank protection form, highly sclerosis, the undesirable drawback of ecological functions, propose a kind of ecology unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears from improving angle that water bank ecological environment and view recover.Through meticulous engineering design and the plants configuration of science, realized the perfect adaptation of hydraulic engineering and vegetation recovery, not only can play the effect of significant water conservancy dyke, there is again ecology, feature unrestrained, attractive in appearance, synergy disappears.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
The ecology unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears, is characterized in that:
(1) bank protection high water level to be to divide into emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district, and above high water mark is established hygrophyte corrosion protection district to top, slope, Po Ding and with peripheral hardware economic plants bank protection district;
(2) nearly water one side in emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district is established 1~2 and is arranged the wave stake that disappears.
Wherein, large-scale emergent aquactic plant is planted in described emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district, and planting patterns adopts wide cut dense planting, and banded mixed friendship, is parallel to water (flow) direction and arranges.
Wherein, described hygrophyte corrosion protection district kind numerous full of leaves humidogene shrub of taking root, planting patterns adopts wide cut dense planting, and banded mixed friendship, is parallel to water (flow) direction and arranges.
Wherein, described economic plants bank protection district is the mixed shelterbelt structure forming of handing over of economic shrub, and in woods, natural style is laid ecological garden dike road, for visitor's sightseeing of lying fallow.
Wherein, in described emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district, large-scale emergent aquactic plant is raupo, rush, cattail, wild rice, any 2 kinds or the 3 kinds of combinations in power flower, giantreed again, planting density be 60~80 strains/square metre.
Wherein, in described hygrophyte corrosion protection district, humidogene shrub is any 2 kinds or the 3 kinds of combinations in little cape jasmine, clerodendron trichotomum, cotton rose, water body flower, Lindley Butterflybush Herb, Vitex negundo var cannabifolia, planting density be 30~40 strains/square metre.
Wherein, in described economic shrub, arbor species are selected any 3 kinds or the 4 kinds of combinations in pond China fir, cryptomeria, bald cypress, Chinese pistache, the bark of eucommia, Piao Shu, Chinese honey locust, oily camphor tree, mixed friendship mode is taked banded mixed friendship of interlacing, being parallel to water (flow) direction arranges, seeding row spacing 2m * 3m, and accomplish the wealthy collocation of pin, height in conjunction with, good and bad complementary, mutually according to symbiosis; Shrub species is planted in sylvan life, selects any 3 kinds or 4 kinds of combinations in Chinese sumac, the Japanese ardisia, the fruit of Chinese magnoliavine, Fructus Corni, matrimony vine, Aralia wood, wilsonii, adopts organizational mixed friendship, average planting density be 20~30 strains/square metre; The solid native herbaceous plant of the suitable after-culture of woods gap, as annual bluegrass, Korea lawn grass, eremochloa ophiuroides, dog at all in any a kind or 2 kinds of combinations, accomplish basic covering earth's surface, do not blank.
Wherein, ecological permeable bricks be take as material in described ecological garden dike road, along the nature that moves towards of embankment, lays, and width 1.2~1.5m, accomplishes smooth, even.
Wherein, the described wave stake that disappears is processed by former of willow, diameter 15~20cm, and length 2.4~4.0m, top is truncate, and base portion becomes wedge.
Wherein, the described wave stake that disappears is parallel to water water front lays, and between stake, bamboo chip is fixed, and high water level 20~40cm is stretched out on top.
Beneficial effect: a kind of ecology of the present invention unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears, according to proposing on the basis of experimental study in recent years and practical exploration, its core is single for current China traditional water conservancy engineering bank protection form, highly harden, damage the drawback of environment, from the angle of improving the water bank ecosystem and promoting bank protection environmental functional, a kind of ecology unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears is proposed, with realize protection slope ecology, function unrestrained, attractive in appearance, synergy disappears.
The disappear advantage of unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure of the ecology that the present invention proposes is:
(1) overcome the defect of hard poor efficiency, the land and water blocking-up of traditional water conservancy protective slope structure, the plant society by different ecological position and reasonably combined, is conducive to form Green Water bank attractive in appearance, stable, multiple-effect.
(2) when meticulously selecting the emergent aquactic plant that the unrestrained function that disappears is strong, in profundal zone, establish the wooden wave stake that disappears of 1~2 row, the unrestrained function of prevent erosion that disappears of bank protection greatly strengthens.
(3) using green plants as the main body of water conservancy slope protection works, be conducive to bring into play vegetable material soil pick-up water purification, he feels algal control function, can effectively prevent the eutrophication with slowly-releasing water body.
(4) Po Ding and selected and there is the xylophyta that Important Economic is worth with outskirt, realize ecologically improve, in bank protection flood control function, the economic fruit of can gathering again, thus obtain certain economic well-being of workers and staff.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is protective slope structure design diagram.
The specific embodiment
According to following embodiment, the present invention may be better understood.Yet, those skilled in the art will readily understand, the described particular content of embodiment is only for the present invention is described, and should also can not limit the present invention described in detail in claims.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, whole protective slope structure design and construction comprises following components:
At bank protection high water level, to divide into emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district 4, hygrophyte corrosion protection district 3 is established on above high water mark to slope top, Po Ding and with peripheral hardware economic plants bank protection district 1; Nearly water one side in emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district is parallel establishes 2 rows wave stake 5 and 6,2 distances that disappear and remains on 25~30m.
Wherein, large-scale emergent aquactic plant raupo, rush, cattail, wild rice, any 2 kinds or the 3 kinds of combinations in power flower, giantreed are again planted by described emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district, planting density be 60~80 strains/square metre, planting patterns adopts wide cut dense planting, banded mixed friendship, is parallel to water (flow) direction and arranges.
Wherein, described hygrophyte corrosion protection district kind take root any 2 kinds or 3 kinds of combinations in numerous full of leaves little cape jasmine of humidogene shrub, clerodendron trichotomum, cotton rose, water body flower, Lindley Butterflybush Herb, Vitex negundo var cannabifolia, planting density be 30~40 strains/square metre, planting patterns adopts wide cut dense planting, banded mixed friendship, is parallel to water (flow) direction and arranges.
Wherein, described economic plants bank protection district is the mixed shelterbelt structure forming of handing over of economic shrub, arbor species are selected any 3 kinds or the 4 kinds of combinations in pond China fir, cryptomeria, bald cypress, Chinese pistache, the bark of eucommia, Piao Shu, Chinese honey locust, oily camphor tree, mixed friendship mode is taked banded mixed friendship of interlacing, being parallel to water (flow) direction arranges, seeding row spacing 2m * 3m, and accomplish the wealthy collocation of pin, height in conjunction with, good and bad complementary, mutually according to symbiosis; Shrub species is planted in sylvan life, selects any 3 kinds or 4 kinds of combinations in Chinese sumac, the Japanese ardisia, the fruit of Chinese magnoliavine, Fructus Corni, matrimony vine, Aralia wood, wilsonii, adopts organizational mixed friendship, average planting density be 20~30 strains/square metre; The solid native herbaceous plant of the suitable after-culture of woods gap, as annual bluegrass, Korea lawn grass, eremochloa ophiuroides, dog at all in any a kind or 2 kinds of combinations, accomplish basic covering earth's surface, do not blank.Natural style is laid ecological garden dike road in woods, take ecological permeable bricks as material, along the nature that moves towards of embankment, lay, width 1.2~1.5m, accomplish smooth, even, for visitor's sightseeing of lying fallow.
Wherein, the described wave stake that disappears is processed by former of willow, diameter 15~20cm, and length 2.4~4.0m, top is truncate, and base portion becomes wedge.
Wherein, the described wave stake that disappears is parallel to water water front lays, and between stake, bamboo chip is fixed, and high water level 20~40cm is stretched out on top.
During Specific construction, first to slope, water bank through the domatic cleaning in ground ground of suiting measures to local conditions, remove the tree root, weeds, stone, plastics and other discarded object that hinder construction.Avoid selecting flood season the winter of low water stage or setting in early spring to disappear unrestrained, first according to the direction that is parallel to water water front, in water body, locate, by machine, pile body is pressed into bed mud, between stake, with bamboo chip, fix, carry out subsequently plantation and the construction of various bank protection plants, finally carry out the laying on dike road, gardens.

Claims (7)

1. the ecology unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears, is characterized in that:
(1) bank protection high water level to be to divide into emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district, and above high water mark is established hygrophyte corrosion protection district to top, slope, Po Ding and with peripheral hardware economic plants bank protection district;
(2) nearly water one side in emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district is established 1~2 and is arranged the wave stake that disappears.
Wherein, large-scale emergent aquactic plant is planted in described emergent aquactic plant Xiao Lang district, and planting patterns adopts wide cut dense planting, and banded mixed friendship, is parallel to water (flow) direction and arranges;
Wherein, described hygrophyte corrosion protection district kind numerous full of leaves humidogene shrub of taking root, planting patterns adopts wide cut dense planting, and banded mixed friendship, is parallel to water (flow) direction and arranges;
Wherein, described economic plants bank protection district is the mixed shelterbelt structure forming of handing over of economic shrub, and in woods, natural style is laid ecological garden dike road, for visitor's sightseeing of lying fallow.
2. according to the unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears of a kind of ecology described in right 1, it is characterized in that described large-scale emergent aquactic plant is raupo, rush, cattail, wild rice, any 2 kinds or the 3 kinds of combinations in power flower, giantreed again, planting density be 60~80 strains/square metre.
3. according to the unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears of a kind of ecology described in right 1, it is characterized in that described humidogene shrub is any 2 kinds or the 3 kinds of combinations in little cape jasmine, clerodendron trichotomum, cotton rose, water body flower, Lindley Butterflybush Herb, Vitex negundo var cannabifolia, planting density be 30~40 strains/square metre.
4. according to the unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears of a kind of ecology described in right 1, it is characterized in that in described economic shrub, arbor species are selected any 3 kinds or the 4 kinds of combinations in pond China fir, cryptomeria, bald cypress, Chinese pistache, the bark of eucommia, Piao Shu, Chinese honey locust, oily camphor tree, mixed friendship mode is taked banded mixed friendship of interlacing, being parallel to water (flow) direction arranges, seeding row spacing 2m * 3m, and accomplish the wealthy collocation of pin, height in conjunction with, good and bad complementary, mutually according to symbiosis; Shrub species is planted in sylvan life, selects any 3 kinds or 4 kinds of combinations in Chinese sumac, the Japanese ardisia, the fruit of Chinese magnoliavine, Fructus Corni, matrimony vine, Aralia wood, wilsonii, adopts organizational mixed friendship, average planting density be 20~30 strains/square metre; The solid native herbaceous plant of the suitable after-culture of woods gap, as annual bluegrass, Korea lawn grass, eremochloa ophiuroides, dog at all in any a kind or 2 kinds of combinations, accomplish basic covering earth's surface, do not blank.
5. according to the unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears of a kind of ecology described in right 1, it is characterized in that described ecological garden dike road take ecological permeable bricks as material, along the nature that moves towards of embankment, lay, width 1.2~1.5m, accomplishes smooth, even.
6. according to the unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears of a kind of ecology described in right 1, it is characterized in that the described wave stake that disappears is processed by former of willow, diameter 15~20cm, length 2.4~4.0m, top is truncate, and base portion becomes wedge.
7. according to the unrestrained type water conservancy protective slope structure that disappears of a kind of ecology described in right 1, it is characterized in that described disappearing wave stake is parallel to water water front and lays, between stake, bamboo chip is fixed, and high water level 20~40cm is stretched out on top.
CN201310697967.5A 2013-12-17 2013-12-17 Ecological wave-weakening water conservation revetment structure Pending CN103669287A (en)

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Cited By (12)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104032706A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-10 同济大学 Method for constructing wetland type river channel
CN104179149A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-12-03 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Wave dissipating method for improving basic environment of large shallow lake
CN104264628A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-01-07 江苏省林业科学研究院 Ecologic healthcare soil fixation protection slope and construction method thereof
CN104743077A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-01 长沙理工大学 Offshore floating temporary wharf design
CN104775392A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-15 长沙理工大学 Novel submerged dike crest structure combining flexible plant wave dissipation
CN106171815A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 宁波海逸园林工程有限公司 The method transforming East Zhejiang province seashore poor efficiency windbreak based on trees functional trait
CN106522160A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-03-22 廊坊师范学院 Construction method of revetment type ecological landscape
CN106592513A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-04-26 北京圣海林生态环境科技股份有限公司 Waterfront dike dam biological ecological protection method
CN107409770A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-12-01 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of construction method of ornamental type orchard windbreak
CN109892159A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-18 广州市林业和园林科学研究院 A kind of construction method of coastal cities river wind resistance Landscape Forest
CN110552318A (en) * 2019-09-04 2019-12-10 上海勘测设计研究院有限公司 Plank road type ecological revetment
CN111771631A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-16 中国水利水电科学研究院 Hydro-fluctuation belt water and soil conservation system and method

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104032706A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-10 同济大学 Method for constructing wetland type river channel
CN104179149A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-12-03 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Wave dissipating method for improving basic environment of large shallow lake
CN104264628B (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-04-06 江苏省林业科学研究院 A kind of ecological health care type soil and slope protection and construction process thereof
CN104264628A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-01-07 江苏省林业科学研究院 Ecologic healthcare soil fixation protection slope and construction method thereof
CN104743077A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-01 长沙理工大学 Offshore floating temporary wharf design
CN104775392B (en) * 2015-04-29 2016-06-01 长沙理工大学 The submerged breakwater rigidifying structure of a kind of wave that disappears in conjunction with flexible vegetation
CN104775392A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-15 长沙理工大学 Novel submerged dike crest structure combining flexible plant wave dissipation
CN106171815B (en) * 2016-07-15 2020-02-11 海逸生态建设有限公司 Method for transforming low-efficiency divaricate saposhnikovia root forest of east Zhejiang coast based on tree functional traits
CN106171815A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 宁波海逸园林工程有限公司 The method transforming East Zhejiang province seashore poor efficiency windbreak based on trees functional trait
CN106522160A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-03-22 廊坊师范学院 Construction method of revetment type ecological landscape
CN106592513A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-04-26 北京圣海林生态环境科技股份有限公司 Waterfront dike dam biological ecological protection method
CN107409770A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-12-01 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of construction method of ornamental type orchard windbreak
CN107409770B (en) * 2017-05-10 2020-08-25 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 Method for constructing ornamental type orchard windbreak forest
CN109892159A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-18 广州市林业和园林科学研究院 A kind of construction method of coastal cities river wind resistance Landscape Forest
CN110552318A (en) * 2019-09-04 2019-12-10 上海勘测设计研究院有限公司 Plank road type ecological revetment
CN111771631A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-16 中国水利水电科学研究院 Hydro-fluctuation belt water and soil conservation system and method

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