CN103641392B - A kind of formula of environmental protection brick and production method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of formula of environmental protection brick and production method thereof Download PDF

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CN103641392B
CN103641392B CN201310565261.3A CN201310565261A CN103641392B CN 103641392 B CN103641392 B CN 103641392B CN 201310565261 A CN201310565261 A CN 201310565261A CN 103641392 B CN103641392 B CN 103641392B
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environmental protection
protection brick
additive
brick
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CN103641392A (en
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何根强
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何根强
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of formula and production method thereof of environmental protection brick, it mainly utilizes phosphorus ore or river silt or boron soil as raw material production environmental protection brick, its environmental protection of filling a prescription, draw materials extensively, can facilitate manufacturers produce, its production method mainly comprises raw material crushing, raw material screening in small, broken bits, metering is stirred, and shaping and high temperature supports standby step, implements simple and contributes to Improving The Quality of Products.

Description

A kind of formula of environmental protection brick and production method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of formula and production method thereof of environmental protection brick, refer to that a kind of phosphorus ore or river silt or boron soil of utilizing is as the formula of raw material production environmental protection brick and production method thereof especially.
Background technology
Fragment of brick for building is a kind of basic material of construction buildings, and when Specific construction, workmen utilizes fragment of brick to assemble the basic framework forming buildings, then carries out other construction operations follow-up again.Traditional building brick is all fired by earth to form, but making this fragment of brick fired by earth needs to destroy a large amount of cultivated land resources, and this mode of production has been prohibited in a lot of area now.In order to substitute traditional adobe, present country widelys popularize environmental protection brick, environmental protection brick refer to utilize the raw material such as flyash, cinder, coal gangue, mine tailings, residue of chemical industry or natural sand, tidal land mud, industrial waste, waste incineration slag one or several as main raw material, a kind of novel wall material manufactured without high-temperature calcination.The strength of materials of environmental protection brick is high, good endurance, dimensional standard, profile are complete, color and luster is homogeneous, has the outward appearance of primitive simplicity and nature, can do dry wall and also can do any external decoration.Therefore, be a kind of extremely promising renewal product replacing clay brick.
But the recipe ratio of producing environmental protection brick is at present more single, and indivedual raw material can only be utilized to produce, so its scope of application is smaller, and this is the main drawback for prior art.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of formula and production method thereof of environmental protection brick, its environmental protection of filling a prescription, draw materials extensively, can manufacturers produce be facilitated, and this is main purpose of the present invention.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of production formula of environmental protection brick, be made up of phosphorus ore, cement, unslaked lime and flyash, wherein, the weight percent of phosphorus ore, cement, unslaked lime and flyash is 55:8:15:22, described phosphorus ore is phosphatic rock, in phosphatic rock, phosphorus content is less than or equal to 10% of phosphatic rock gross weight, and in described flyash, silica containing weight is more than or equal to 20% of flyash gross weight.
A kind of production formula of environmental protection brick, effluent mud, unslaked lime, stone and additive composition, wherein, river silt, unslaked lime, the weight percent of stone and additive is 60:18:17:5, described river silt refers to bed-silt, in river silt, silica containing weight is more than or equal to 40% of river silt gross weight, and the water content of river silt is lower than 30%, described additive is by talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide composition, wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5, the particle diameter of described stone is less than or equal to 6 millimeters.
A kind of production formula of environmental protection brick, be made up of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive, wherein, the weight percent of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 43:22:25:10, weight containing montmorillonite in described swollen soil is more than or equal to 70% of swollen native gross weight, the particle diameter of described stone is less than or equal to 6 millimeters, described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.
A production method for environmental protection brick, comprises the steps.
The first step, raw material crushing, insert environmental protection brick raw material in crusher and carry out fragmentation, makes the particle diameter of this environmental protection brick raw material reach 20 to 30 millimeters.
The screening in small, broken bits of second step, raw material, inserts grinding machine for grinding by this environmental protection brick raw material after fragmentation in the first step, then inserts in screening machine and screen, make the particle diameter of this environmental protection brick raw material reach 0.5 to 6 millimeter.
3rd step, metering stir, first this environmental protection brick raw material in second step is inserted in raw material cabin, then be transported in metering hopper by raw material cabin and measure, finally this environmental protection brick raw material through metering is inserted in stirrer and stir, and control churning time at 4 to 5 minutes, then, then insert and beat Zhan Jizhong and stir, and control churning time and obtained finished product raw material at 3 to 4 minutes.
4th step, shaping, inserted in mould by this finished product raw material in the 3rd step, and put into pressing machine, control pressure is at 1000 to 1050 kilograms every square centimeter, and pressurize 10 to 30 minutes, obtains work in-process brick,
5th step, high temperature is supported standby, this work in-process brick in the 4th step is sent into autoclave through stacker crane, windlass, controls steam pressure temperature in the kettle 180 to 210 degrees Celsius, pressure 0.8 to 1Mpa, goes out still cooling, obtain finished bricks after 5 to 7 hours time.
In the described the first step, environmental protection brick raw material is the mixing object of phosphorus ore, cement, unslaked lime and flyash, and wherein, the weight percent of phosphorus ore, cement, unslaked lime and flyash is 55:8:15:22.
In the described the first step, environmental protection brick raw material is the mixture of river silt, unslaked lime, stone and additive, wherein, the weight percent of river silt, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 60:18:17:5, described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.
In the described the first step, environmental protection brick raw material is the mixture of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive, wherein, the weight percent of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 43:22:25:10, described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: because the present invention mainly utilizes phosphorus ore or river silt or boron soil as raw material production environmental protection brick, so environmental-protecting performance is unique, in addition, in method of the present invention, first batch mixed rolls this mixing raw material of preparation, then this mixing raw material is transported in this finished product bin and stores, that is the effect of raw material buffering can be played by this finished product bin, when concrete production, can first this mixing raw material of large batch of production, follow-up can according to the concrete needs produced, this mixing raw material of quantitative fetching is processed into finished bricks and dispatches from the factory, the stock of finished bricks can be reduced.
Embodiment
A kind of production formula of environmental protection brick, be made up of phosphorus ore, cement, unslaked lime and flyash, wherein, the weight percent of phosphorus ore, cement, unslaked lime and flyash is 55:8:15:22, cement plays tackiness agent effect under the pressure of 1100 to 2000 tons, and when concrete enforcement, this cement is four No. ten cement.
Described phosphorus ore originates in sedimentogeneous rock or metamorphosed rock or volcanic rock, and the phosphorus in phosphorus ore exists with orthophosphoric acid salt form, and described phosphorus ore is phosphatic rock, and in phosphatic rock, phosphorus content is less than or equal to 10% of phosphatic rock gross weight.
Described flyash, be receive to catch the thin ash got off from the flue gas after coal combustion, flyash is the primary solids refuse that coal-burning power plant discharges.The main oxides of flyash consists of: silicon-dioxide, aluminum oxide, ferric oxide, calcium oxide etc.In described flyash, silica containing weight is more than or equal to 20% of flyash gross weight.
A production formula for environmental protection brick, effluent mud, unslaked lime, stone and additive form, and wherein, the weight percent of river silt, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 60:18:17:5.
Described river silt refers to bed-silt, and in river silt, silica containing weight is more than or equal to 40% of river silt gross weight, and the water content of river silt is lower than 30%.
Described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, and wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.
The particle diameter of described stone is less than or equal to 6 millimeters.
A production formula for environmental protection brick, is made up of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive, and wherein, the weight percent of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 43:22:25:10.
The mineralogical composition mainly montmorillonite of described swollen soil, it is a kind of highly plastic clay, and general bearing capacity is higher, has the characteristics such as water-swelling, dehydration shrinkage and repeated expansion and shrinkage distortion, the decay of immersion bearing capacity, desiccation crack growth, character extremely unstable.
Weight containing montmorillonite in described swollen soil is more than or equal to 70% of swollen native gross weight.
The particle diameter of described stone is less than or equal to 6 millimeters.
Described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, and wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.
A production method for environmental protection brick, it comprises the steps.
The first step, raw material crushing.
Environmental protection brick raw material is inserted in crusher and carries out fragmentation, make the particle diameter of this environmental protection brick raw material reach 20 to 30 millimeters.
The screening in small, broken bits of second step, raw material.
This environmental protection brick raw material after fragmentation in the first step is inserted grinding machine for grinding, then inserts in screening machine and screen, make the particle diameter of this environmental protection brick raw material reach 0.5 to 6 millimeter.
3rd step, metering stir.
First this environmental protection brick raw material in second step is inserted in raw material cabin, then be transported in metering hopper by raw material cabin and measure, finally this environmental protection brick raw material through metering is inserted in stirrer and stir, and control churning time at 4 to 5 minutes, then, insert again and beat Zhan Jizhong and stir, and control churning time and obtained finished product raw material at 3 to 4 minutes.
4th step, shaping.
Inserted in mould by this finished product raw material in 3rd step, and put into pressing machine, control pressure is at 1000 to 1050 kilograms every square centimeter, and pressurize 10 to 30 minutes, obtains work in-process brick.
5th step, high temperature is supported standby.
This work in-process brick in 4th step is sent into autoclave through stacker crane, windlass, controls steam pressure temperature in the kettle 180 to 210 degrees Celsius, pressure 0.8 to 1Mpa, go out still cooling after 5 to 7 hours time, obtain finished bricks.
In the described the first step, environmental protection brick raw material is the mixing object of phosphorus ore, cement, unslaked lime and flyash, and wherein, the weight percent of phosphorus ore, cement, unslaked lime and flyash is 55:8:15:22.
In the described the first step, environmental protection brick raw material can also be the mixture of river silt, unslaked lime, stone and additive, wherein, the weight percent of river silt, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 60:18:17:5, described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.
In the described the first step, environmental protection brick raw material can also be the mixture of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive, wherein, the weight percent of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 43:22:25:10, described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.

Claims (2)

1. a production method for environmental protection brick, is characterized in that: comprise the steps,
The first step, raw material crushing, insert environmental protection brick raw material in crusher and carry out fragmentation, makes the particle diameter of this environmental protection brick raw material reach 20 to 30 millimeters,
The screening in small, broken bits of second step, raw material, inserts grinding machine for grinding by this environmental protection brick raw material after fragmentation in the first step, then inserts in screening machine and screen, make the particle diameter of this environmental protection brick raw material reach 0.5 to 6 millimeter,
3rd step, metering stir, first this environmental protection brick raw material in second step is inserted in raw material cabin, then be transported in metering hopper by raw material cabin and measure, finally this environmental protection brick raw material through metering is inserted in stirrer and stir, and control churning time at 4 to 5 minutes, then, then insert beat Zhan Jizhong stir, and control churning time and obtained finished product raw material at 3 to 4 minutes
4th step, shaping, inserted in mould by this finished product raw material in the 3rd step, and put into pressing machine, control pressure is at 1000 to 1050 kilograms every square centimeter, and pressurize 10 to 30 minutes, obtains work in-process brick,
5th step, high temperature is supported standby, this work in-process brick in the 4th step is sent into autoclave through stacker crane, windlass, controls steam pressure temperature in the kettle 180 to 210 degrees Celsius, pressure 0.8 to 1Mpa, goes out still cooling, obtain finished bricks after 5 to 7 hours time,
In the described the first step, environmental protection brick raw material is the mixture of river silt, unslaked lime, stone and additive, wherein, the weight percent of river silt, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 60:18:17:5, described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.
2. a production method for environmental protection brick, is characterized in that: comprise the steps,
The first step, raw material crushing, insert environmental protection brick raw material in crusher and carry out fragmentation, makes the particle diameter of this environmental protection brick raw material reach 20 to 30 millimeters,
The screening in small, broken bits of second step, raw material, inserts grinding machine for grinding by this environmental protection brick raw material after fragmentation in the first step, then inserts in screening machine and screen, make the particle diameter of this environmental protection brick raw material reach 0.5 to 6 millimeter,
3rd step, metering stir, first this environmental protection brick raw material in second step is inserted in raw material cabin, then be transported in metering hopper by raw material cabin and measure, finally this environmental protection brick raw material through metering is inserted in stirrer and stir, and control churning time at 4 to 5 minutes, then, then insert beat Zhan Jizhong stir, and control churning time and obtained finished product raw material at 3 to 4 minutes
4th step, shaping, inserted in mould by this finished product raw material in the 3rd step, and put into pressing machine, control pressure is at 1000 to 1050 kilograms every square centimeter, and pressurize 10 to 30 minutes, obtains work in-process brick,
5th step, high temperature is supported standby, this work in-process brick in the 4th step is sent into autoclave through stacker crane, windlass, controls steam pressure temperature in the kettle 180 to 210 degrees Celsius, pressure 0.8 to 1Mpa, goes out still cooling, obtain finished bricks after 5 to 7 hours time,
In the described the first step, environmental protection brick raw material is the mixture of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive, wherein, the weight percent of boron soil, unslaked lime, stone and additive is 43:22:25:10, described additive is made up of talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesium oxide, wherein, talcum powder, silicon-dioxide and magnesian weight percent are 1:2:0.5.
CN201310565261.3A 2013-11-14 2013-11-14 A kind of formula of environmental protection brick and production method thereof Active CN103641392B (en)

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CN104015256B (en) * 2014-05-05 2016-08-17 广德县苑瑞新型建材有限公司 A kind of process units of environmental protection brick
CN104496380B (en) * 2014-10-22 2016-08-24 孔蕾蕾 A kind of preparation method of radiation proof brick
CN105819754A (en) * 2015-06-08 2016-08-03 许刚 Novel waste material reproduced product and production method thereof
CN106365592A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 广西塔锡科技有限公司 Environment-friendly brick and production method thereof
CN106380170A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-08 广西塔锡科技有限公司 Green and environmental-protection brick and preparation method thereof
CN106365593A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 广西塔锡科技有限公司 Environment-friendly brick and preparation method thereof
CN106316340A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-11 广西塔锡科技有限公司 Novel environment-friendly bricks and production method thereof
CN108373296B (en) * 2018-01-30 2021-04-16 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 Method for preparing novel water permeable brick by using river bottom mud
CN110357510A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-10-22 江西鑫泉固废处理有限公司 A kind of environmentally friendly process for producing bricks of the object containing waste incineration
CN110423084A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-11-08 江西鑫泉固废处理有限公司 A kind of environmental protection process for producing bricks

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CN102815880A (en) * 2011-06-07 2012-12-12 山东滨化新型建材有限责任公司 Process for producing bricks by using saponification residual slag
CN102875189A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Phosphorus slag aerated brick and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102815880A (en) * 2011-06-07 2012-12-12 山东滨化新型建材有限责任公司 Process for producing bricks by using saponification residual slag
CN102875189A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Phosphorus slag aerated brick and preparation method thereof

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