CN102731040A - Method for preparing building block brick series products by using waste electrolytic manganese slag - Google Patents

Method for preparing building block brick series products by using waste electrolytic manganese slag Download PDF

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CN102731040A
CN102731040A CN2012101981373A CN201210198137A CN102731040A CN 102731040 A CN102731040 A CN 102731040A CN 2012101981373 A CN2012101981373 A CN 2012101981373A CN 201210198137 A CN201210198137 A CN 201210198137A CN 102731040 A CN102731040 A CN 102731040A
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electrolytic manganese
cement
waste residue
manganese waste
building block
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CN102731040B (en
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徐庆旭
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徐庆旭
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for preparing building block brick series products by using waste electrolytic manganese slag. The building block brick series products are prepared from the following raw materials expressed in mass percent: 20 to 50% of modified waste electrolytic manganese slag, 10 to 20% of fine aggregate, 30 to 49% of coarse aggregate, 8 to 30% of cement, 0.001 to 0.005% of a modifier and 10 to 15% of water. The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows: application cost of the method is low; the prepared products have high compressive strength, sound insulation and heat insulation performances, good thermal insulation performance, resistance to freezing and thawing, aging resistance and resistance to acid and alkali; standardized operation and purely mechanical production are employed in the production process; and the products have beautiful appearance and accurate sizes, which facilitates construction.

Description

A kind of method of utilizing electrolytic manganese waste residue to prepare building block brick series product
Technical field
The present invention relates to architectural decoration material field, relate in particular to a kind of method of utilizing electrolytic manganese waste residue to prepare building block brick series product.
Background technology
In industrial electrolysis manganese production process; Can produce a large amount of solid waste; The staple of these wastes is calcium sulfate, ammonium sulfate, Manganse Dioxide, silicate and manganous sulfate in the system liquid tailings; And the Manganse Dioxide in the electrolysis tailings (also being anode slag), the pH value of these wastes is highly acid, can cause serious pollution to environment.
At present, the manganese factory of a general scale such as producing 10000 tons of manganese metals per year, will produce about 70,000 tons of waste residues (in dried slag), and these slag mucks are placed on the slag field, and rainwater dashes and drenches, and inevitably can pollute underground water.If annual so huge waste sludge discharge amount can not get effective improvement, certainly will bring huge pressure to environmental protection, bring certain burden to manufacturing enterprise, the pollution that therefore causes will bring disaster upon and several generations.So solving the outlet of electrolytic manganese waste residue is exactly an extremely urgent problem.
Meanwhile, rose in year in 2004, National Development and Reform Committee, Ministry of Land and Resources, the Ministry of Construction, the Ministry of Agriculture dispatch a joint document, and explicit order bans use of sintered clay brick in China, thereby make concrete building bricks become the building new lover.At present, formed the new situation of the alternative sintered clay brick of concrete building bricks.
And contain more CaSO in the electrolytic manganese residues 42H 2Industrial wastes such as O if be used, will obtain favorable economic benefit and social benefit.China is existing to carry out 105 ℃ of oven drying at low temperatures respectively and 300 ℃ of high-temperature calcinations are handled with the manganese slag, substitutes gypsum preparation cement testing then and tests by the national standard detection method cement performance of be correlated with.The result shows, though the delayed coagulation of electrolytic manganese residues is worse than the plaster of paris, can substitutes the plaster of paris fully and produce cement, and the slow setting and the enhancement of the electrolytic manganese residues of high-temperature calcination processing, all be better than the oven drying at low temperature material.
And the evidence electrolytic manganese residues is used for building block class building materials volume manganese slag greatly after deliberation; Form the resource technology route of preparation building and ornament materials; Manganese slag addition is not less than 35%; Reach as high as 50%, therefore utilize electrolytic manganese waste residue to prepare the method for building block brick series architecture decorative product, can be considered economically viable method.Therefore; A kind of preparation method who utilizes electrolytic manganese waste residue production building block brick series architecture decorative product is provided, thereby can gives full play to the advantage that electrolytic manganese waste residue is rich in vitriol, use vitriol activity excitation material; The effect of utilizing electrolytic manganese residues that flyash, pozzolanic activity are excited; Making electrolytic manganese residues composite is gelling material, for it is providing wide application aspect material of construction finishing material, becomes present core objective.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of method of utilizing electrolytic manganese waste residue to prepare building block brick series product,, be fit to the advanced composite material of production building and ornament materials simultaneously to solve the problem at electrolytic manganese waste residue contaminate environment and water source.
The object of the invention is realized through following technical scheme:
A kind of building block brick series product that utilize the electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation are processed by following raw material: modification electrolytic manganese waste residue 20-50%, fine aggregate 10-20%, coarse aggregate 30-49%, cement 8-30%, wilkinite 1-5%, water-resisting agent 0.01-0.5% and water 10-15% by mass percentage.
Further, said modification electrolytic manganese waste residue is after mixing stirring 3-5min with mass ratio blended electrolytic manganese waste residue 100, stone coal powder 5-30, flyash 5-15, volcanical ash 2-15, unslaked lime 2-15 and water 1000, the product of air storage airing after 1-15 days.
Preferably; Said fine aggregate is calcite in powder, ground silica, ground dolomite or marble flour; Said coarse aggregate is rubble rock ballast, gravel or the lithotome tankage of granularity 3-7mm, and said cement is silicate cement, aluminosulfate cement, glass fiber reinforced cement (GRC), self-stress ferro-aluminate cement or white cement, colored cement or magnesia oxychloride cement.
Preferably, said water-resisting agent is sodium silicate waterproofer or waterproofing agent of organosilicon.
A kind of method of utilizing electrolytic manganese waste residue to prepare building block brick series product may further comprise the steps:
1) modification electrolytic manganese waste residue, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate are transported to automatic batching system together; And by the product specific requirement of automatic batching system according to required production; Quality to modification electrolytic manganese waste residue, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate is carried out proportioning, and prepares burden after mixing;
2) proportioning is good compound is transported in the stirrer, and adds cement 5-20%, wilkinite 1-5%, water-resisting agent 0.001-0.5% and water 10-15% according to the product specific requirement of required production, fully mixes 1-5min by stirrer;
3) compound after stirring; Send into the preheating storehouse and carry out preheating; The temperature of preheating is controlled at 40-45 ℃; Compound after the preheating is transported to through conveying belt in the hopper of block machine, by the hopper feed of block machine and by block machine to the compound processing that is pressed, forming pressure is 10-25MPa;
4) product after block machine is handled moulding is transferred on the pallet through conveying belt; After pallet is stacked and is expired; Pallet is transported to maintenance bin through the transportation forklift, and, carries out hot and humid maintenance under the condition of humidity 75-90 and handled 2-24 hour at temperature 20-60 ℃; And
5) product after maintenance is handled is transported to open-air curing field, after 28 days, promptly accomplishes finished product through air-dry, airing.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: application cost of the present invention is low, and the product ultimate compression strength of producing is high, sound-insulating and heat-insulating, and good heat insulating, freeze-thaw-, ageing-resistant, antiacid alkali; Production process adopts standardized work, pure mechanize production, and product design is attractive in appearance, and size is accurate, easy construction.Use mechanize automatically to produce to be able to a large amount of consumption as the serial building and ornament materials of stopping composition and transform electrolytic manganese waste residues with electrolytic manganese waste residue; Be able to solve fast the problem at electrolytic manganese waste residue contaminate environment and water source; Electrolytic manganese residues is composite for gelling material has good social benefit, environmental benefit and economic benefit, and popularizing application prospect is wide.
Embodiment
A kind of building block brick series product that utilize the electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation are processed by following raw material: modification electrolytic manganese waste residue 20-50%, fine aggregate 10-20%, coarse aggregate 30-49%, cement 8-30%, wilkinite 1-5%, water-resisting agent 0.01-0.5% and water 10-15% by mass percentage.
Further, said modification electrolytic manganese waste residue is after mixing stirring 3-5min with mass ratio blended electrolytic manganese waste residue 100, stone coal powder 5-30, flyash 5-15, volcanical ash 2-15, unslaked lime 2-15 and water 1000, the product of air storage airing after 1-15 days.
Preferably; Said fine aggregate is calcite in powder, ground silica, ground dolomite or marble flour; Said coarse aggregate is rubble rock ballast, gravel or the lithotome tankage of granularity 3-7mm, and said cement is silicate cement, aluminosulfate cement, glass fiber reinforced cement (GRC), self-stress ferro-aluminate cement or white cement, colored cement or magnesia oxychloride cement.
Preferably, said water-resisting agent is sodium silicate waterproofer or waterproofing agent of organosilicon.
A kind of preparation method who utilizes the building block brick series product of electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation may further comprise the steps:
1) modification electrolytic manganese waste residue, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate are transported to automatic batching system together; And by the product specific requirement of automatic batching system according to required production; Quality to modification electrolytic manganese waste residue, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate is carried out proportioning, and prepares burden after mixing;
2) proportioning is good compound is transported in the stirrer, and adds cement 5-20%, wilkinite 1-5%, water-resisting agent 0.001-0.5% and water 10-15% according to the product specific requirement of required production, fully mixes 1-5min by stirrer;
3) compound after stirring; Send into the preheating storehouse and carry out preheating; The temperature of preheating is controlled at 40-45 ℃; Compound after the preheating is transported to through conveying belt in the hopper of block machine, by the hopper feed of block machine and by block machine to the compound processing that is pressed, forming pressure is 10-25MPa;
4) product after block machine is handled moulding is transferred on the pallet through conveying belt; After pallet is stacked and is expired; Pallet is transported to maintenance bin through the transportation forklift, and, carries out hot and humid maintenance under the condition of humidity 75-90 and handled 2-24 hour at temperature 20-60 ℃; And
5) product after maintenance is handled is transported to open-air curing field, after 28 days, promptly accomplishes finished product through air-dry, airing.
Application example one: the non-bearing dividing plate wallboard that utilizes the electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation
Utilize the proportioning raw materials of non-bearing dividing plate wallboard of electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation as shown in the table:
Wherein, fine aggregate is calcite in powder or ground dolomite, and said coarse aggregate is the rubble rock ballast of granularity 3-7mm, and said cement is silicate cement.
Its forming pressure is 21MPa during production.After the moulding in maintenance bin at temperature 40-45 ℃, under the condition of humidity 90 goods are carried out hot and humid maintenance and handled 24 hours, the back of delivering from godown is being transported to open-air curing field, after 28 days, is finished product through air-dry, airing.The ultimate compression strength of finished product is more than 18MPa.
Application example two: the load-bearing dividing plate wallboard that utilizes the electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation
Utilize the proportioning raw materials of load-bearing dividing plate wallboard of electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation as shown in the table:
Wherein, fine aggregate is calcite in powder or ground dolomite, and said coarse aggregate is the rubble rock ballast of granularity 3-7mm, and said cement is silicate cement.
Its forming pressure is 25MPa during production.After the moulding in maintenance bin at temperature 45-49 ℃, under the condition of humidity 90 goods are carried out hot and humid maintenance and handled 12 hours, the back of delivering from godown is being transported to open-air curing field, after 28 days, is finished product through air-dry, airing.The ultimate compression strength of finished product is more than 20MPa.
Through detecting the standard that the prepared goods physicochemical property of the present invention reaches JC/T 422-2007, GB6566-2010.
Though below only described embodiment example of the present invention, it will be understood by those of skill in the art that these only illustrate, protection scope of the present invention is limited appended claims.Those skilled in the art can make numerous variations or modification to these embodiments under the prerequisite that does not deviate from principle of the present invention and essence, but these changes or modification all fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. building block brick series product that utilize electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation; It is characterized in that, process by mass percentage: modification electrolytic manganese waste residue 20-50%, fine aggregate 10-20%, coarse aggregate 30-49%, cement 8-30%, wilkinite 1-5%, water-resisting agent 0.01-0.5% and water 10-15% by following raw material.
2. a kind of building block brick series product that utilize the electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said modification electrolytic manganese waste residue is after mixing stirring 3-5min with mass ratio blended electrolytic manganese waste residue 100, stone coal powder 5-30, flyash 5-15, volcanical ash 2-15, unslaked lime 2-15 and water 1000, the product of air storage airing after 1-15 days.
3. a kind of building block brick series product that utilize the electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: said fine aggregate is calcite in powder, ground silica, ground dolomite or marble flour; Said coarse aggregate is rubble rock ballast, gravel or the lithotome tankage of granularity 3-7mm, and said cement is silicate cement, aluminosulfate cement, glass fiber reinforced cement (GRC), self-stress ferro-aluminate cement or white cement, colored cement or magnesia oxychloride cement.
4. a kind of building block brick series product that utilize the electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: said water-resisting agent is sodium silicate waterproofer or waterproofing agent of organosilicon.
5. a method of utilizing electrolytic manganese waste residue to prepare building block brick series product is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
1) modification electrolytic manganese waste residue, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate are transported to automatic batching system together; And by the product specific requirement of automatic batching system according to required production; Quality to modification electrolytic manganese waste residue, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate is carried out proportioning, and prepares burden after mixing;
2) proportioning is good compound is transported in the stirrer, and adds cement 5-20%, wilkinite 1-5%, water-resisting agent 0.001-0.5% and water 10-15% according to the product specific requirement of required production, fully mixes 1-5min by stirrer;
3) compound after stirring; Send into the preheating storehouse and carry out preheating; The temperature of preheating is controlled at 40-45 ℃; Compound after the preheating is transported to through conveying belt in the hopper of block machine, by the hopper feed of block machine and by block machine to the compound processing that is pressed, forming pressure is 10-25MPa;
4) product after block machine is handled moulding is transferred on the pallet through conveying belt; After pallet is stacked and is expired; Pallet is transported to maintenance bin through the transportation forklift, and, carries out hot and humid maintenance under the condition of humidity 75-90 and handled 2-24 hour at temperature 20-60 ℃; And
5) product after maintenance is handled is transported to open-air curing field, after 28 days, promptly accomplishes finished product through air-dry, airing.
6. a kind of method of utilizing electrolytic manganese waste residue to prepare building block brick series product according to claim 5; It is characterized in that: said modification electrolytic manganese waste residue is after mixing stirring 3-5min with mass ratio blended electrolytic manganese waste residue 100, stone coal powder 5-30, flyash 5-15, volcanical ash 2-15, unslaked lime 2-15 and water 1000, the product of air storage airing after 1-15 days.
7. according to claim 5 or 6 described a kind of methods of utilizing electrolytic manganese waste residue to prepare building block brick series product; It is characterized in that: said fine aggregate is calcite in powder, ground silica, ground dolomite or marble flour; Said coarse aggregate is rubble rock ballast, gravel or the lithotome tankage of granularity 3-7mm, and said cement is silicate cement, aluminosulfate cement, glass fiber reinforced cement (GRC), self-stress ferro-aluminate cement or white cement, colored cement or magnesia oxychloride cement.
8. according to claim 5 or 6 described a kind of building block brick series product that utilize the electrolytic manganese waste residue preparation, it is characterized in that: said water-resisting agent is sodium silicate waterproofer or waterproofing agent of organosilicon.
CN2012101981373A 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Method for preparing building block brick series products by using waste electrolytic manganese slag Expired - Fee Related CN102731040B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103274638A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-09-04 王玉全 Composition for making paving or building block
CN103496030A (en) * 2013-09-21 2014-01-08 无为县闽德新型墙体材料有限责任公司 Process for machining concrete lettering brick
CN106187039A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-12-07 山东理工大学 Sound absorption-type polyster fibre rock phosphate in powder is prepared porous and is catchmented the method for sponge brick
CN106478066A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-03-08 铜仁学院 A kind of building clinker and preparation method thereof
CN106904873A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-06-30 广州市极合技术咨询有限公司 A kind of cement square bricks and preparation method thereof
CN108129044A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-08 河北科技大学 A kind of method for improving magnesia oxychloride cement water resistance
CN111704420A (en) * 2020-05-30 2020-09-25 同济大学 Corrosion-resistant aluminate cement pipeline and preparation method thereof

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CN101302095A (en) * 2008-07-04 2008-11-12 罗吉祥 Composite slag making industry waste slag energy-saving self-insulating external wall panel and production method thereof
CN101767978A (en) * 2010-01-21 2010-07-07 中南大学 Manganese slag-solid waste mixed sintering brick making method
JP2011006305A (en) * 2009-06-29 2011-01-13 Takemoto Oil & Fat Co Ltd Low shrinkage ae concrete composition using blast furnace slag cement
CN102101756A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-06-22 中南大学 Modified manganese slag-mineral powder composite gelled material

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101302095A (en) * 2008-07-04 2008-11-12 罗吉祥 Composite slag making industry waste slag energy-saving self-insulating external wall panel and production method thereof
JP2011006305A (en) * 2009-06-29 2011-01-13 Takemoto Oil & Fat Co Ltd Low shrinkage ae concrete composition using blast furnace slag cement
CN101767978A (en) * 2010-01-21 2010-07-07 中南大学 Manganese slag-solid waste mixed sintering brick making method
CN102101756A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-06-22 中南大学 Modified manganese slag-mineral powder composite gelled material

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103274638A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-09-04 王玉全 Composition for making paving or building block
CN103496030A (en) * 2013-09-21 2014-01-08 无为县闽德新型墙体材料有限责任公司 Process for machining concrete lettering brick
CN106187039A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-12-07 山东理工大学 Sound absorption-type polyster fibre rock phosphate in powder is prepared porous and is catchmented the method for sponge brick
CN106478066A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-03-08 铜仁学院 A kind of building clinker and preparation method thereof
CN106904873A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-06-30 广州市极合技术咨询有限公司 A kind of cement square bricks and preparation method thereof
CN108129044A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-08 河北科技大学 A kind of method for improving magnesia oxychloride cement water resistance
CN111704420A (en) * 2020-05-30 2020-09-25 同济大学 Corrosion-resistant aluminate cement pipeline and preparation method thereof

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