CN103639169B - Utensil garbage pre-processing device - Google Patents

Utensil garbage pre-processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103639169B
CN103639169B CN201310424809.2A CN201310424809A CN103639169B CN 103639169 B CN103639169 B CN 103639169B CN 201310424809 A CN201310424809 A CN 201310424809A CN 103639169 B CN103639169 B CN 103639169B
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China
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liquid
solid
cylindrical shell
welded
settler
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CN201310424809.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103639169A (en
Inventor
邵道德
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邵道德
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Priority to CN201310424809.2A priority Critical patent/CN103639169B/en
Publication of CN103639169A publication Critical patent/CN103639169A/en
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Publication of CN103639169B publication Critical patent/CN103639169B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of utensil garbage pre-processing device, aim to provide that a kind of resource reuse ratio is high, the utensil garbage pre-processing device of non-secondary pollution.Comprise changing food waste to store up good case, filter feed appliance (2), rinse beater, roller (6), also comprise Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1), meal kitchen liquid case (3), settler (4), catching device (5) and solid-liquid and roll filter; Changing food waste hutch is connected on Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1) by bottom electromagnetic valve; Filter feed appliance (2) to pass from the circular hole of Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1) both sides; Meal kitchen liquid case (3) is positioned at Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1) bottom; The meal kitchen liquid import of settler (4) is welded in meal kitchen liquid case (3) outlet; Catching device (5) charging aperture is welded on settler (4) discharging opening.Resource reutilization rate of the present invention is high, cost of manufacture is low, pollution is few.

Description

Utensil garbage pre-processing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to cooking apparatus, particularly a kind of utensil garbage pre-processing device.
Background technology
Following several method is adopted at present to the process of meal kitchen is main:
Landfill disposal method: method is simple, invests low.But bury and sharp thing and appropriation of land can cause the wasting of resources, and the penetrating fluid polluted underground water resource of landfill changing food waste and soil, the foul smell of generation causes serious atmosphere pollution.
Feed method: owing to containing abundant starch and cellulose and protein in changing food waste with lipid and inorganic salts, produce appreciable profit after making feed.But there is serious potential safety hazard, be in fact " similar edible similar " enter the human foods chain mankind edible after, and rabid ox disease and itch and genetic evolution may be caused.
Family expenses kitchen garbage treater: from source process, everybody starts to reach changing food waste reduced training.But it directly enters sewer, the harm caused also is double to repay to the mankind, contain various pathogenic microorganism in changing food waste remain as poisonous and harmful elements such as salmonella, Shigella, staphylococcus aureus, tubercle bacillus etc., parasite and worm's ovums and be enriched in sewer, serious potential safety hazard is existed to human life.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned defect, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: provide that a kind of resource reuse ratio is high, floor space is little, the utensil garbage pre-processing device of low cost of manufacture, non-secondary pollution.
The present invention is the technical scheme solving the problems of the technologies described above employing: a kind of utensil garbage pre-processing device, comprise changing food waste to store up good case, filter feed appliance, rinse beater, roller, also comprise Separation of Solid and Liquid case, meal kitchen liquid case, settler, catching device and solid-liquid and roll filter.Described changing food waste hutch is connected on Separation of Solid and Liquid case by the electromagnetic valve being arranged on bottom; Described Separation of Solid and Liquid case both sides have circular hole, filter feed appliance and pass from circular hole; Described meal kitchen liquid case is positioned at the bottom of Separation of Solid and Liquid case, and the two is two casings spaced intermediate; The meal kitchen liquid import of described settler is welded in the liquid case outlet of meal kitchen; Described catching device charging aperture is welded on settler discharging opening; Under described roller charging aperture is arranged on catching device discharging opening; Described flushing beater charging aperture is connected on roller discharging opening; Solid-liquid rolls filter charging aperture and is connected in the solid-liquid material outlet of flushing beater.
Described filtration feed appliance comprises driving motor, Luo spin axis; Luo blade is welded in Luo spin axis, and filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell two grows position mouth cylinder and is respectively provided with vexed dish, and vexed disk center is provided with bearing, and Luo spin axis is arranged on by vexed dish bearing filters in feed appliance cylindrical shell; Filtering feed appliance discharging opening to open filtering feed appliance cylindrical shell while under growing position cylinder, being connected on settler charging aperture.
Described meal kitchen liquid case is positioned at the bottom of Separation of Solid and Liquid case, and the two is two casings separated by filtering baffle and filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell, is above Separation of Solid and Liquid case, and lower is meal kitchen liquid case; Meal kitchen liquid case comprises the liquid case outlet of meal kitchen and meal kitchen liquid deflector, and meal kitchen liquid is guided to the liquid case outlet of meal kitchen by meal kitchen liquid deflector, and the liquid case outlet of meal kitchen is welded in the kitchen liquid import of settler meal.
Described settler comprises cylindrical shell, cover plate, base plate, feed spool, driving motor, the liquid import of meal kitchen, location water inlet pipe mouth, floating thing mouth, discharging opening, weight outlet, the recirculated water mouth of pipe; The liquid import of described meal kitchen is welded on meal kitchen liquid case and exports on parallel position; Described location water inlet pipe mouth is welded on the lower shell of charging aperture position, is connected to solid-liquid and rolls in the pressure self-controlled level pump of filter; Described floating thing mouth is opened on cylindrical shell horizontal line; Vibrations filter is installed under floating thing mouth; Described discharging opening is welded on catching device charging aperture; The described recirculated water mouth of pipe is welded on the cylindrical shell under gating location, is connected on clean cycle sewage pump; It is suitable for reading that described cover plate is fixedly mounted on cylindrical shell, and cover plate central is provided with Antierosive Bearings and has under charging aperture is connected to and filters feed appliance discharging opening in corresponding position; Described base plate is welded on cylindrical shell end opening, and base plate center is provided with Antierosive Bearings, and cylindrical shell correspondence position has run weight outlet jointly; Weight outlet is welded on weight catching device; Described feed spool bottom is provided with returning charge blade, and middle part is welded with feeding sheet, and top is provided with drive, and feed spool is arranged on body centre by base plate Antierosive Bearings and cover plate Antierosive Bearings; Described driving motor is connected on feed spool drive.
Described catching device comprises intermediate filtered plate, catching device charging aperture, thick discharging opening, thin discharging opening, clean cycle sewage pump, catching device power transmission shaft and catching device driving motor; Described intermediate filtered plate is provided with circular hole on horizontal position to bottom, is arranged on catching device and slightly fishes for lattice and carefully fish for lattice middle being divided into by catching device; Described catching device charging aperture is opened and is welded on settler discharging opening slightly fishing on lattice; Described thick discharging opening is welded on slightly to fish on lattice and is arranged on roller charging aperture; Described thin discharging opening is welded on carefully to fish on lattice and is connected with anaerobic fermentation system; Described circulating sewage pump is arranged on carefully to fish for be had two pipes pick out a pipe to be connected to solid-liquid and to roll in filter charging aperture, on a pipe access settler recirculated water mouth of pipe bottom lattice; Described catching device power transmission shaft to be arranged in catching device both sides in the heart through intermediate filtered plate and catching device, slightly fishes for circle and carefully fish for circle to be arranged on catching device power transmission shaft, slightly fishes for circle slightly fishing in lattice, carefully fishes for circle and is operated in and carefully fishes in lattice; Described circle of slightly fishing for encloses by intermediate filtered edges of boards with carefully fishing for, and is all provided with wiper cleaning intermediate filtered plate hole eye and prevents blocking; Described catching device driving motor is connected on catching device power transmission shaft.
Described roller comprises and a face is all provided with the rolling an A, roll a B, roll a C of flute profile slightly-inclined horizontal stripe, row side, is transmitted wheel A, drive A, is transmitted wheel B, travelling gear B, is transmitted gear C, roller charging aperture, roller discharging opening, roller driving motor; Roll an A, roll a B, roll a C and be arranged in row side; Roll and A two axle is provided with drive A and is transmitted wheel A, be transmitted wheel A and be connected on driving motor; Roll B two axle is provided with and be transmitted wheel B and be greater than the travelling gear B rolling a tooth position, be transmitted wheel B and be connected on drive A; Roll a C single head axle is provided be greater than roll a tooth position be transmitted gear C, be transmitted gear C and be connected on travelling gear B; Roller charging aperture is rolling an A and is rolling between a C, under being arranged on the thick discharging opening of catching device; Roller discharging opening rinses on beater charging aperture rolling a B and roll to be connected between a C; Roller driving motor work strip turns to be transmitted takes turns A, be transmitted wheel A band turn and roll an A, roll an A band and turn drive A, drive A is with to turn and is transmitted wheel B, be transmitted wheel B band turn and roll a B, roll tin B band and turn travelling gear B, travelling gear B is with to turn and is transmitted gear C and becomes oppositely, is transmitted gear C band and turns and roll a C;
Described flushing beater comprises cylindrical shell, breaks up axle, sealing cover, driving motor; Described cylindrical shell is provided with hole, and have assorted material outlet, another side is welded with charging aperture, and under charging aperture is arranged on roller discharging opening, water inlet is welded on charging aperture rear cylinder body, and two cylindrical shell mouth is provided with vexed dish, and vexed disk center is provided with Antierosive Bearings; Described axle of breaing up is arranged in cylindrical shell by the Antierosive Bearings of two Zhi Men disk center, what Luo blade was welded on charging aperture position breaks up on axle, what reclaiming plate was welded on assorted material outlet position breaks up on axle, break up rod to be welded on and to break up on axle between reclaiming plate to Luo blade, drive be arranged on assorted material outlet here break up on axle; Described sealing cover divides upper and lower two rows, and upper row is buckled in water inlet position borehole jack, is welded on the water inlet on cylindrical shell; Row is buckled on cylindrical shell and is fixed on cylindrical shell by screw sealing up and down; Lower row is connected to solid-liquid with the outlet of solid-liquid material and rolls in filter charging aperture; Described driving motor is connected on drive.
Described solid-liquid rolls filter and comprises anistree cylinder mould body, solid-liquid charging aperture, admittedly expects outlet, the discharge of support roller circle, gear ring, movable support roller, oil-water fluid case, high-pressure sewage pump, pressure self-controlled level pump, driving motor, sediment sludge pump, oil slick outlet; Be solid-liquid charging aperture before described anistree cylinder mould body, after be connected with anaerobic fermentation system for solid material outlet; Front is welded with one support roller circle, and back is welded with one support roller circle and is installed with a gear ring; Described oil-water fluid case front and back is suitable for reading is respectively provided with two movable support rollers, before two movable support rollers higher than two movable support rollers below, solid-liquid is rolled filter Shang bis-road support roller circle and is stuck on four movable support rollers; Described driving motor is connected to solid-liquid and rolls on filter gear ring; Described high-pressure sewage pump is arranged on bottom oil-water fluid case, is connected to and rinses on beater water inlet; Described pressure self-controlled level pump is arranged on bottom oil-water fluid case, is connected on the water inlet pipe mouth of settler location; Described sediment is discharged sludge pump and is arranged on bottom oil-water fluid case, is connected with anaerobic fermentation system; Described oil slick outlet is opened at oil-water fluid case horizontal level, is connected with oil-water separation system.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, resource reutilization rate is high, and the present invention reaches more than 99% to changing food waste into resources reuse ratio.
2, floor space is little, and apparatus of the present invention integration is totally-enclosed, and control full-automatic, pretreatment unit is small and exquisite, and floor space is few.
3, cost of manufacture is low, and present device manufacture is simple, invests low, easy to maintenance.
4, multi-functional, the present invention utilizes and filters feed appliance filtration meal kitchen liquid a machine three-use: filtration, feeding, the cleaned filter opening eye of Luo capstan never block; The present invention utilizes sedimentation, fishes for, water circulation, four points, a machine, and light, heavy, large and small, disjunctor process reasonable idea is practical, rolls brokenly to create class condition according to relying on property of rubbish, beater broken bag, flushing, classification a tractor serves several purposes.
5, cost-saving, the present invention utilizes filtration meal kitchen liquid process changing food waste to reach the highest effect of twice laid recycling, and saving water resource is rubbish ratio 3-5 times, alleviates 2-4 times of processing cost to the sewage disposal of rear road.
6, pollute few, classification rate, reuse ratio are higher causes secondary pollution fewer, and apparatus of the present invention classification rate reaches 100%, reuse ratio reaches more than 99%, and secondary pollution rate is zero.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Utensil garbage pre-processing device of the present invention is illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is whole system process chart of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is pretreatment unit overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is Separation of Solid and Liquid box structure side view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is settler structure side view of the present invention;
Fig. 4-1 is drive of the present invention and driving motor syndeton schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is settler structure top view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is catching device structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is catching device structure side view of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is roller overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is roller structure side view of the present invention;
Figure 10 is that the present invention rinses beater structural representation;
Figure 11 is that the present invention rinses beater shell structure schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is that solid-liquid of the present invention rolls filter overall structure schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 12, a kind of utensil garbage pre-processing device, comprises changing food waste and stores up good case, filters feed appliance 2, rinses beater 7, roller 6, also comprises Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1, meal kitchen liquid case 3, settler 4, catching device 5 and solid-liquid and rolls filter 8.
Described changing food waste stores up bottom good case and is provided with electromagnetic valve, and it is suitable for reading that electromagnetic valve is connected to Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1; Changing food waste unloads in Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 by kitchen garbage transport vehicle, is unloaded by changing food waste in the garbage storing a surname case of dining kitchen temporary when kitchen garbage transport vehicle is many; Changing food waste in Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 drops to lower busy hour fixed, and changing food waste stores up good case electromagnetic valve and automatically opens and added in Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 by changing food waste, adds supreme busy hour fixed electromagnetic valve and automatically closes.
As shown in Figure 3, Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 comprises filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell 12, filtering baffle 34; Bottom Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1, intermediate parallel has and filters feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 diameter circular hole mutually, filter feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 and be longer than Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1, pass from both sides circular hole, circular hole and filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 junction are through seal welding, filter feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 position in Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 and only leave lower half of cylindrical shell, lower half of cylindrical shell is provided with 0.5 centimeter of diameter circular aperture; Filtering baffle 34 is provided with 0.5 centimeter of diameter circular aperture, and both sides are oblique to be welded on Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 both sides and to filter on the mouth of feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 semicylindrical body both sides, Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 one-tenth rectangle infundibulate, and intermediate filtered feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 is bottom.
Changing food waste enters in Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1, and baffle plate 34 and filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 filter after filtration, Gu material is stayed in Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1, meal kitchen liquid bleeds in meal kitchen liquid case 3.
Described filtration feed appliance 2 comprises driving motor 9, Luo spin axis 10, Luo blade 11, filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell 12, vexed dish 13, vexed dish bearing 14, filters feed appliance discharging opening 15; Filter mouth cylinder that feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 two grows position vexed dish 13, Men Pan 13 center to be respectively installed vexed dish bearing 14 is installed; Luo spin axis 10 is arranged in filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 by vexed dish 13 bearing 14, Luo blade 11 is welded in Luo spin axis 10; Filtering feed appliance discharging opening 15 to open filtering feed appliance cylindrical shell 12 while under growing position cylinder, being connected on settler charging aperture 19;
Driving motor 9 works, and drives Luo spin axis 10 to rotate, and being transferred to by solid material filtered in Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 of Luo spin axis 10 equal and quantitative is filtered feed appliance discharging opening 13 and entered in settler charging aperture 19.
Described meal kitchen liquid case 3 is positioned at the bottom of Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1, and the two is two casings separated by filtering baffle 34 and filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell 12, is above Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1, and lower is meal kitchen liquid case 3; Meal kitchen liquid case 3 comprises meal kitchen liquid case outlet 16 and meal kitchen liquid deflector 17, and meal kitchen liquid deflector 17 is welded on bottom meal kitchen liquid case 3, meal kitchen liquid is guided to meal kitchen liquid case outlet 16, and meal kitchen liquid case outlet 16 is welded in the kitchen liquid import 18 of settler meal.
Meal kitchen liquid passes through meal kitchen liquid outlet 16 and the kitchen liquid import 18 of settler meal enters in settler 4 and catching device 5, and full meal kitchen liquid unnecessary to horizontal position is discharged by floating thing outlet 22.
By various device processes, meal kitchen liquid concentration reduces, and in settler 4, meal kitchen liquid storage is many, and the solid thing entered is few, and formation ratio is 1:100, and make the weight rapid subsidence in settler 4, frivolous thing is floating.
As shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 4-1, Fig. 5, settler 4 comprises cylindrical shell 31, cover plate 32, base plate 33, feed spool 21, driving motor 30, meal kitchen liquid import 18, location water inlet pipe mouth 28, floating thing mouth 22, settler discharging opening 27, weight outlet 25, the recirculated water mouth of pipe; Described meal kitchen liquid import 18 is opened and is exported 16 parallel positions at meal kitchen liquid case, is welded in meal kitchen liquid case outlet 16; Described location water inlet pipe mouth 28 is welded on the cylindrical shell 31 under charging aperture 19, and object breaks up the solid material entered, and is connected in pressure self-controlled level pump 83; Described floating thing mouth 22 is opened in the horizontal direction, and object is level of control position; Floating thing mouth is provided with vibrations filter 22 times, and object is skidded off frivolous thing shake, and kitchen liquid shake of eating is leaked and rinsed in beater charging aperture 64 through pipeline access in vibrations filter, and floating thing mouth 22 is also water level positioning port; Described settler discharging opening 27 is opened in the corresponding position of catching device charging aperture 35, and to play on base plate to horizontal position lower 5 centimeters under opening, object stops frivolous thing to enter in catching device 5, and settler discharging opening 27 is welded on catching device charging aperture 35; The described recirculated water mouth of pipe is welded on the cylindrical shell 31 under charging aperture 19, and object breaks up the solid thing entered, and is connected to and carefully fishes on lattice 45 clean cycle sewage pump 43; Described cover plate 32 comprises Antierosive Bearings 29, charging aperture 19; Cover plate 32 center is provided with Antierosive Bearings 29, and has charging aperture 19 at correspondence position, and charging aperture 19 is connected to and filters feed appliance discharging opening 13 times, and it is suitable for reading that cover plate 32 is fixedly mounted on cylindrical shell 31; Described base plate 33 comprises Antierosive Bearings 26, weight outlet 25, and base plate 33 is welded on cylindrical shell 31 end opening; Base plate 33 center is provided with Antierosive Bearings 26, and cylindrical shell 31 weld correspondence position has run weight jointly exports 25, and weight outlet 25 is welded on weight catching device 85; Described feed spool 21 comprises returning charge blade 24, feeding sheet 23, drive 20, driving motor 30; Feed spool 21 bottom is provided with returning charge blade 24, object is returned on the liquid of meal kitchen, stop in solid material sedimentation and weight that precipitum is dragged on outlet 25, middle part is welded with feeding sheet 23, Song Jican kitchen, solid material limit liquid turns in settler 4 inner circle by object, top is provided with drive 20, and drive 20 is connected on driving motor 30; Feed spool 21 is arranged on the center of cylindrical shell 31 by base plate Antierosive Bearings 26 and cover plate Antierosive Bearings 29.
Gu material enters in settler 4 by charging aperture 19, driving motor 30 work strip turns drive 20, feed spool 21 rotates, returning charge blade 24 returns on the liquid of meal kitchen, make solid material can not sedimentation, weight is deposited to bottom and is exported in 25 by returning charge blade weight of dragging on, and slides in weight catching device 85, fishes for circle fish for and clear out by weight.Solid-liquid limit is dialled by feeding sheet 23, solid-liquid turns in cylindrical shell 31 inner circle, turn the current of inertia and clean cycle sewage pump 43 work formation due to solid-liquid circle and slightly fish for the current suction of circle 38 work formation, solid-liquid enters slightly fishes in lattice 44, form circle and turn wave circle because feeding sheet 23 rotates meal kitchen liquid horizontal plane and frivolous thing is pushed on cylindrical shell 31 limit rotates, pressure self-controlled level pump 83 and clean cycle sewage pump 43 and kitchen liquid case of eating export the 16 meal kitchen liquid added makes floating thing mouth 22 keep the meal kitchen liquid of certain flow, frivolous thing is brought in floating thing mouth 22 and clear out through vibrations filter.Meal kitchen liquid enters through vibrations filtration devices and rinses in beater 7.
As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, catching device 5 comprises intermediate filtered plate 40, catching device charging aperture 35, thick discharging opening 39, thin discharging opening 42, clean cycle sewage pump 43, catching device power transmission shaft 37, catching device driving motor 36; Described intermediate filtered plate 40 is provided with the circular hole that diameter is 1 centimeter on horizontal position to bottom, is arranged in the middle of catching device 5, is divided into by catching device 5 and slightly fishes for lattice 44 and carefully fish for lattice 45; Described catching device charging aperture 35 is opened and is welded on settler discharging opening 27 slightly fishing on lattice 44; Described thick discharging opening 39 is welded on slightly to fish on lattice 44 and is arranged on roller charging aperture; Described thin discharging opening 42 is welded on carefully fishes on lattice 45; Described circulating sewage pump 43 is arranged on carefully fishes for bottom lattice 45, has two pipes to pick out, and a pipe is connected to solid-liquid and rolls in filter charging aperture 78, on a pipe access settler recirculated water mouth of pipe; The solid-liquid formed during work in current drive settler 4 enters slightly fishes in lattice 44, carefully fishes in lattice 45 by the solid-liquid material of slightly fishing for interior less than 1 centimeter of lattice 44 by the introducing of intermediate filtered plate 40 circular hole; After the same day, changing food waste pretreatment completed, the high pressure opening changing food waste hutch and Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 rushes Xian's device and rinses, control to close access settler circulating water pipe by electromagnetic valve, open and be connected on solid-liquid and roll pipe in filter charging aperture 78, changing food waste is stored up good case Separation of Solid and Liquid case 1 and filter the meal kitchen liquid that feed appliance 2 eats in kitchen liquid case 3, settler 4, catching device 5 and carry out filtering and cleaning.Described catching device power transmission shaft 37 to be arranged in catching device 5 both sides in the heart through intermediate filtered plate 40 and catching device 5, slightly fishing for circle 38 and carefully fishing for circle 41 is arranged on catching device power transmission shaft 37, slightly fish for circle 38 to be operated in and slightly to fish in lattice 44, carefully fish for circle 41 and be operated in and carefully fish in lattice 45; Describedly slightly fish for circle 38 and carefully fish for circle 41 by intermediate filtered plate 40 limit, be all provided with wiper cleaning intermediate filtered plate 40 eyelet and prevent blocking; Described catching device driving motor 36 is connected on catching device power transmission shaft 37.Solid-liquid enters slightly fishes in lattice 44, catching device driving motor 36 work strip turns catching device power transmission shaft 37, slightly fish for circle 38 and carefully fish for circle 41 and rotate simultaneously, slightly fish for thick that circle 38 fishes for and admittedly expect that thing is gone out by thick discharging opening 39 more than 0.8 centimeter, enters in roller charging aperture 52; Carefully fish for the thin solid material that circle 41 fishes for be gone out by thin discharging opening 42 below 1 centimeter, wear into slurry through fiberizer and enter anaerobic fermentation system; Heavy duplicate removal thing removes the thick material admittedly after frivolous thing with floating, and remove outside resistance to binder, easy binder can enter anaerobic fermentation system and make biogas and composting.
As shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, roller 6 comprises and a face is all provided with the rolling an A55, roll a B56, roll a C57 of flute profile slightly-inclined horizontal stripe, row side 46, is transmitted wheel A47, drive A48, is transmitted wheel B49, travelling gear B50, is transmitted gear C 51, roller charging aperture 52, roller discharging opening 53, roller driving motor 54; Roll an A, roll a B, roll a C and be arranged in row side 46; Roll and A two axle is provided with drive A48 and is transmitted wheel A47, be transmitted wheel A47 and be connected on driving motor 54; Roll B two axle is provided with and be transmitted wheel B49 and be greater than the travelling gear B50 rolling a tooth position, be transmitted wheel B49 and be connected on drive A48; Roll a C single head axle is provided be greater than roll a tooth position be transmitted gear C 51, be transmitted gear C 51 and be connected on travelling gear B50; Roller charging aperture 52 is rolling an A and is rolling between a C, is arranged on the thick discharging opening of catching device 39 times; Roller discharging opening 53 rinses on beater charging aperture 64 rolling a B and roll to be connected between a C; Roller driving motor 54 work strip turns to be transmitted takes turns A47, be transmitted wheel A47 band turn and roll an A, roll an A band and turn drive A48, drive A48 is with to turn and is transmitted wheel B49, be transmitted wheel B49 band turn and roll a B, roll a B band and turn travelling gear B50, it is reverse that travelling gear B50 band turn is transmitted gear C 51 one-tenth, is transmitted gear C 51 band turn and rolls a C.
More than 0.8 centimeter thick expects that thing enters in roller charging aperture 52 admittedly, enters to roll a B and roll a C roll through rolling an A and rolling a C material feeding, slightly admittedly expects thing from roller discharging opening 53 out, enter and rinse in beater charging aperture 64 through what roll.
As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, rinse that beater 7 comprises cylindrical shell 58, breaks up axle 59, sealing cover 71, driving motor 73; Described cylindrical shell 58 is provided with the eyelet 67 that diameter is 1 centimeter, while have the outlet 66 of assorted material, another side is welded with charging aperture 64, charging aperture 64 is arranged on roller discharging opening 53 times, water inlet 65 is welded on charging aperture 64 back, two nozzle is provided with vexed dish 61, and vexed disk center is provided with Antierosive Bearings 63; Described axle 59 of breaing up is arranged in cylindrical shell 58 by the Antierosive Bearings 63 of two Zhi Men disk center, what Luo blade 60 was welded on charging aperture 64 position breaks up on axle 59, what reclaiming plate 62 was welded on assorted material outlet 66 position breaks up on axle 59, break up rod 68 to be welded on and to break up on axle 59 between reclaiming plate 62 to Luo blade 60, drive 69 be arranged on the outlet 66 of assorted material here break up on axle 59; Described sealing cover about 71 points two row, upper row is buckled in hole 72, water inlet position cover, is welded on the water inlet 65 on cylindrical shell 58; Row is buckled on cylindrical shell 58 and is fixed on cylindrical shell 58 by screw sealing up and down; Lower row is connected to solid-liquid with solid-liquid material outlet 70 and rolls in filter 8 solid-liquid charging aperture 78; Driving motor 73 is connected on drive 69.
Axle 59 is broken up in driving motor 73 drive that works, water inlet 65 is intake, the thick thing of material admittedly of more than 0.8 centimeter is rolled through flute profile roller 6, resistance to binder is crushed, flatten, easy binder is pressed carefully, crush, the thick thing of material admittedly squished enters from charging aperture 64 and rinses in beater 7, broken up rod 68 to beat at a high speed group, resistance to binder is broken up to be torn, be contained in resistance to binder or be bonded at the easy binder resistance to binder being less than 1 centimeter and rinsed at a high speed to beat and dial mixing kitchen liquid of eating and become solid-liquid material to enter in sealing cover 71 through eyelet 67 drop, go out from solid-liquid material outlet 70, entering solid-liquid rolls in filter 8 solid-liquid charging aperture 78, roll thin, play not rotten resistance to binder economy-combat and dial and moving to assorted material outlet 66 place, by reclaiming plate 62 resistance to binder transferred to and assortedly expect outlet 66, enter the process of plastics foreign material specification processing system.
As shown in figure 12, solid-liquid roll filter 8 comprise anistree cylinder mould body 77, solid-liquid charging aperture 78, admittedly expect outlet 79, support roller circle 76, gear ring 75, oil-water fluid case 80, movable support roller, driving motor 74, high-pressure sewage pump 81, pressure self-controlled level pump 83, sediment discharge sludge pump 82, oil slick outlet 84.Described anistree cylinder mould body 77 front is solid-liquid charging aperture 78, and back is admittedly expect outlet 79; Front is welded with one support roller circle 76, and back is welded with one support roller circle 76 and is installed with a gear ring 75; Anistree cylinder mould body 77 mesh is 80 orders, and anistree cylinder mould body 77 rolls filter 8 through welding two road support roller circles 76 with being formed in solid-liquid after an installation gear ring 75; Described oil-water fluid case 80 front and back is suitable for reading is respectively provided with two movable support rollers, two movable support rollers are higher than two movable support rollers below above, solid-liquid being rolled filter Shang bis-road support roller circle 76 is stuck on four movable support rollers, solid-liquid rolls filter 8 can not fore-aft travel, can only rolling on four movable support rollers; Described driving motor 74 is connected to solid-liquid and rolls on filter 8 gear ring 75.
Solid-liquid material enters through solid-liquid charging aperture 78 and turns solid-liquid and roll in filter 8; Driving motor 74 work strip turns solid-liquid and rolls filter 8 gear ring 75 band and turn solid-liquid and roll filter 8 rolling on four movable support rollers, profit and be less than 80 object fineves and roll the effect of inertia of filter 8 rolling due to solid-liquid, enters in oil-water fluid case 80 by mesh drop; Be greater than 80 order fineves due to solid-liquid roll filter 8 before high after lowly turn to solid material outlet 79 to go out, converge by carefully fish for circle 41 fish for the fines of going out from thin discharging opening 42 and together wear into slurry through fiberizer and enter anaerobic fermentation system.
Described high-pressure sewage pump 81 is arranged on bottom oil-water fluid case 80, is connected to and rinses on beater water inlet 65; Described pressure self-controlled level pump 83 is arranged on bottom oil-water fluid case 80, is connected on the water inlet pipe mouth 28 of settler location; Described sediment is discharged sludge pump 82 and is arranged on bottom oil-water fluid case 80, is connected to anaerobic fermentation system; Described oil slick outlet 84 is opened at oil-water fluid case 80 horizontal position, is connected to oil-water separation system; From settler 4 weight catching device 85 the weight of fishing for out to send through the miniature conveyer belt of strong magnetic and carry out landfill disposal or broken hollow brick process processed, the Magnetic Materials resource separated through strong magnetic recycles; From settler 4 float thing export 22 floating out frivolous things through ozone pond sterilization cleaning recycle through plastics foreign material classified resourceization again; From the outlet 66 of flushing beater 7 assorted material out resistance to binder recycle through plastics foreign material classified resourceization again through the sterilization cleaning of ozone pond.

Claims (6)

1. a utensil garbage pre-processing device, comprise changing food waste hutch, filter feed appliance (2), rinse beater (7), roller (6), it is characterized in that: also comprise Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1), meal kitchen liquid case (3), settler (4), catching device (5) and solid-liquid and roll filter (8); Described changing food waste hutch is connected on Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1) by the electromagnetic valve being arranged on bottom; Described Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1) both sides have circular hole, filter feed appliance (2) and pass from circular hole; Described meal kitchen liquid case (3) is positioned at the bottom of Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1), and the two is two casings spaced intermediate; The meal kitchen liquid import of described settler (4) is welded in meal kitchen liquid case (3) outlet; Described catching device (5) charging aperture is welded on settler (4) discharging opening; Under described roller (6) charging aperture is arranged on catching device (5) discharging opening; Described flushing beater (7) charging aperture is connected on roller (6) discharging opening; Solid-liquid rolls filter (8) charging aperture and is connected in the outlet of flushing beater (7) solid-liquid material;
Described filtration feed appliance (2) comprises filters feed appliance driving motor (9), helical axis (10), flight (11), filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell (12), vexed dish (13), vexed dish bearing (14), filtration feed appliance discharging opening (15); Described filtration feed appliance driving motor (9) is arranged on one end of helical axis (10); The mouth cylinder that described filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell (12) two grows position is respectively provided with vexed dish (13), and described vexed dish (13) center is provided with vexed dish bearing (14); Described helical axis (10) is arranged on by vexed dish bearing (14) and filters in feed appliance cylindrical shell (12), and described flight (11) is welded on helical axis (10); Described filtration feed appliance discharging opening (15) is opened filtering feed appliance cylindrical shell (12) while under growing position cylinder, is connected on settler charging aperture (19);
Described Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1) comprises filters feed appliance cylindrical shell (12), filter feed appliance cylindrical shell (12) and only have second cylindrical shell in Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1) inside, filter feed appliance cylindrical shell (12) second cylindrical shell both sides and be welded with filtering baffle (34), filtering baffle (34) is upward to be welded on Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1); Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1) is funneling in rectangle, filters feed appliance cylindrical shell (12) at lowest order, filters on feed appliance cylindrical shell (12) and filtering baffle (34) and is equipped with the circular hole that diameter is 0.5 centimeter;
Described catching device (5) comprises intermediate filtered plate (40), catching device charging aperture (35), thick discharging opening (39), thin discharging opening (42), clean cycle sewage pump (43), catching device power transmission shaft (37), catching device driving motor (36); Described intermediate filtered plate (40) is provided with the circular hole that diameter is 1 centimeter on horizontal position to bottom, be arranged in the middle of catching device (5), catching device (5) be divided into and slightly fish for lattice (44) and carefully fish for lattice (45); Described catching device charging aperture (35) is opened and is welded on settler discharging opening (27) slightly fishing on lattice (44); Described thick discharging opening (39) is welded on slightly to fish on lattice (44) and is arranged on roller charging aperture; Described thin discharging opening (42) is welded on carefully fishes on lattice (45); Described circulating sewage pump (43) is arranged on carefully fishes for lattice (45) bottom, and have two pipes to pick out, a pipe is connected to solid-liquid and rolls in the solid-liquid charging aperture (78) of filter, on a pipe access settler recirculated water mouth of pipe; Described catching device power transmission shaft (37) to be arranged in catching device (5) both sides in the heart through intermediate filtered plate (40) and catching device (5), slightly fishes for circle (38) and carefully fish for circle (41) to be arranged on catching device power transmission shaft (37); Describedly slightly fish for circle (38) and carefully fish for circle (41) by intermediate filtered plate (40) limit; Described catching device driving motor (36) is connected on catching device power transmission shaft (37);
Described solid-liquid rolls filter (8) and comprises anistree cylinder mould body (77), solid-liquid charging aperture (78), admittedly expects that outlet (79), support roller circle (76), gear ring (75), oil-water fluid case (80), movable support roller, solid-liquid roll filter driving motor (74), high-pressure sewage pump (81), pressure self-controlled level pump (83), sediment discharge sludge pump (82), oil slick outlet (84); Described anistree cylinder mould body (77) front is solid-liquid charging aperture (78), and back exports (79) for admittedly expecting; Front is welded with one support roller circle (76), and back is welded with one support roller circle (76) and is installed with a gear ring (75); Anistree cylinder mould body (77) mesh is 80 orders, and anistree cylinder mould body (77) rolls filter (8) through welding two roads support roller circle (76) with being formed in solid-liquid after an installation gear ring (75); Described oil-water fluid case (80) front and back is suitable for reading is respectively provided with two movable support rollers, two movable support rollers are higher than two movable support rollers below above, solid-liquid being rolled filter Shang bis-road support roller circle (76) is stuck on four movable support rollers, solid-liquid rolls filter (8) can not fore-aft travel, can only rolling on four movable support rollers; Described solid-liquid rolls filter driving motor (74) and is connected to solid-liquid and rolls on the gear ring (75) of filter (8); Described high-pressure sewage pump (81) is arranged on oil-water fluid case (80) bottom, is connected to and rinses on beater water inlet (65); Described pressure self-controlled level pump (83) is arranged on oil-water fluid case (80) bottom, is connected on settler location water inlet pipe mouth (28); Described sediment is discharged sludge pump (82) and is arranged on oil-water fluid case (80) bottom, is connected to anaerobic fermentation system; Described oil slick outlet (84) is opened at oil-water fluid case (80) horizontal level.
2. utensil garbage pre-processing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with electromagnetic valve bottom described changing food waste hutch, and it is suitable for reading that electromagnetic valve is connected to Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1).
3. utensil garbage pre-processing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described meal kitchen liquid case (3) is positioned at the bottom of Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1), the two is two casings separated by filtering baffle (34) and filtration feed appliance cylindrical shell (12), upper is Separation of Solid and Liquid case (1), and lower is meal kitchen liquid case (3); Described meal kitchen liquid case (3) comprises meal kitchen liquid case outlet (16) and meal kitchen liquid deflector (17), meal kitchen liquid deflector (17) is welded on meal kitchen liquid case (3) bottom, meal kitchen liquid is guided to meal kitchen liquid case outlet (16), meal kitchen liquid case outlet (16) is welded on settler meal kitchen liquid import (18).
4. utensil garbage pre-processing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described settler (4) comprises settler cylindrical shell (31), cover plate (32), base plate (33), feed spool (21), settler driving motor (30), meal kitchen liquid import (18), location water inlet pipe mouth (28), floating thing mouth (22), settler discharging opening (27), weight outlet (25), the recirculated water mouth of pipe; Described meal kitchen liquid import (18) is welded on liquid case outlet (16) parallel position, meal kitchen; Described location water inlet pipe mouth (28) is welded on the settler cylindrical shell (31) of settler charging aperture (19), and is connected in pressure self-controlled level pump (83); Described floating thing mouth (22) is opened on settler cylindrical shell horizontal line; Floating thing mouth is provided with vibrations filter under (22); Described settler discharging opening (27) is welded on catching device charging aperture (35); The described recirculated water mouth of pipe is welded on the settler cylindrical shell (31) under settler charging aperture (19) position, and be connected to carefully fish for lattice (45) bottom clean cycle sewage pump (43) on; It is suitable for reading that described cover plate (32) is fixedly mounted on settler cylindrical shell, cover plate (32) center is provided with cover plate Antierosive Bearings (29), and has under settler charging aperture (19) is connected to and filters feed appliance discharging opening (15) at correspondence position; Described base plate (33) is welded on settler cylindrical shell end opening, base plate (33) center is provided with base plate Antierosive Bearings (26), with settler cylindrical shell (31) correspondence position have weight export (25), weight outlet (25) is welded on weight catching device (85); Described feed spool (21) bottom is provided with returning charge blade (24), and middle part is welded with feeding sheet (23), and top is provided with feed spool drive (20); Feed spool (21) is arranged on the center of settler cylindrical shell (31) by base plate Antierosive Bearings (26) and cover plate Antierosive Bearings (29); Described settler driving motor (30) is connected on feed spool drive (20).
5. utensil garbage pre-processing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described roller (6) comprise a face is all provided with the rolling an A (55), roll a B (56), roll a C (57) of flute profile slightly-inclined horizontal stripe, row side (46), be transmitted wheel A (47), drive A (48), be transmitted wheel B (49), travelling gear B (50), be transmitted gear C (51), roller charging aperture (52), roller discharging opening (53), roller driving motor (54); Roll an A (55), roll a B (56), roll a C (57) and be arranged in row side (46); Roll and an A (55) two axle is provided with drive A (48) and is transmitted wheel A (47), be transmitted wheel A (47) and be connected on roller driving motor (54); Roll a B (56) two axle is provided with and be transmitted wheel B (49) and be greater than the travelling gear B (50) rolling a tooth position, be transmitted and take turns B (49) and be connected on drive A (48); Roll a C (57) single head axle is provided be greater than roll a tooth position be transmitted gear C (51), be transmitted gear C (51) and be connected on travelling gear B (50); Roller charging aperture (52) is rolling an A (55) and is rolling between a C (57), under being arranged on the thick discharging opening of catching device (39); Roller discharging opening (53) rinses on beater charging aperture (64) rolling a B (56) and roll to be connected between a C (57).
6. utensil garbage pre-processing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described flushing beater (7) comprise rinse beater cylindrical shell (58), break up axle (59), sealing cover (71), rinse beater driving motor (73), described flushing beater cylindrical shell (58) is provided with the eyelet (67) that diameter is 1 centimeter, while have assorted material outlet (66), another side is welded with and rinses beater charging aperture (64), under flushing beater charging aperture (64) is arranged on roller discharging opening (53), water inlet (65) is welded on the flushing beater cylindrical shell after rinsing beater charging aperture (64), two is rinsed beater cylindrical shell mouth and is provided with vexed dish (61), and vexed disk center is provided with Antierosive Bearings (63), described axle (59) of breaing up is arranged in flushing beater cylindrical shell (58) by the Antierosive Bearings (63) of two Zhi Men disk center, rinse beater flight (60) be welded on rinse beater charging aperture (64) position break up on axle (59), what reclaiming plate (62) was welded on assorted material outlet (66) position breaks up on axle (59), break up rod (68) to be welded on reclaiming plate (62) and to break up on axle (59) to rinsing between beater flight (60), drive (69) be arranged on assorted material outlet (66) here break up on axle (59), described sealing cover (71) point upper and lower two rows, upper row is with hole, water inlet position (72), and this water inlet position borehole jack button is also welded on the water inlet (65) in flushing beater cylindrical shell (58), row is buckled in rinse on beater cylindrical shell (58) and is fixed in flushing beater cylindrical shell (58) by screw sealing up and down, lower row is connected to solid-liquid with solid-liquid material outlet (70) and rolls in the solid-liquid charging aperture (78) of filter (8), rinse beater driving motor (73) to be connected on drive (69).
CN201310424809.2A 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Utensil garbage pre-processing device CN103639169B (en)

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CN103639169B true CN103639169B (en) 2015-08-19

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004049943A (en) * 2002-07-16 2004-02-19 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Recycling system for foodstuff waste product
KR100817607B1 (en) * 2007-10-08 2008-03-31 (주)케이비시스템 Recycling machine of food waste
CN201385040Y (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-01-20 王绍康 Food waste treatment equipment
CN101632996A (en) * 2009-05-31 2010-01-27 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Kitchen waste preprocessing technology
CN102527642A (en) * 2012-01-10 2012-07-04 邵道德 Solid-object swill separating system in kitchen waste
CN202591205U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-12-12 天津生态城水务有限公司 Pretreatment device for kitchen waste
CN103157649A (en) * 2013-03-19 2013-06-19 广州中国科学院先进技术研究所 Oil-containing kitchen waste separation equipment and waste treatment method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004049943A (en) * 2002-07-16 2004-02-19 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Recycling system for foodstuff waste product
KR100817607B1 (en) * 2007-10-08 2008-03-31 (주)케이비시스템 Recycling machine of food waste
CN201385040Y (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-01-20 王绍康 Food waste treatment equipment
CN101632996A (en) * 2009-05-31 2010-01-27 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Kitchen waste preprocessing technology
CN202591205U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-12-12 天津生态城水务有限公司 Pretreatment device for kitchen waste
CN102527642A (en) * 2012-01-10 2012-07-04 邵道德 Solid-object swill separating system in kitchen waste
CN103157649A (en) * 2013-03-19 2013-06-19 广州中国科学院先进技术研究所 Oil-containing kitchen waste separation equipment and waste treatment method thereof

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Patentee before: Shao Daode

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