CN103595813B - Wisdom pipe network application system and implementation method - Google Patents

Wisdom pipe network application system and implementation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103595813B
CN103595813B CN201310598341.9A CN201310598341A CN103595813B CN 103595813 B CN103595813 B CN 103595813B CN 201310598341 A CN201310598341 A CN 201310598341A CN 103595813 B CN103595813 B CN 103595813B
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China
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pipe network
network
data
layer
information
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CN201310598341.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103595813A (en
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唐菊娣
杨春江
刘军
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锦瀚智慧管网技术有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of wisdom pipe network application system and implementation method, this wisdom pipe network system includes: perception identification layer, network struction layer, management service layer and integrated application layer, wherein, perception identification layer is the information generating unit of wisdom pipe network, and perception identification layer includes automatic information signal generating unit and artificial information's signal generating unit;Network struction layer is the information transmission unit of wisdom pipe network, and network struction layer includes distant-end node and heterogeneous network;Management service layer is the information process unit of wisdom pipe network, and management service layer includes data protection module, data memory module, data retrieval module and data organisation module;Integrated application layer is the Information application unit of wisdom pipe network, and integrated application layer is for by wisdom pipe network and various public network terminals, special pipelines monitoring system and data platform, digital city associated production and the system interconnection of application.Implement technical scheme, facilitate Supervisory control and management.

Description

Wisdom pipe network application system and implementation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to urban pipe network produce and application, particularly relate to a kind of wisdom pipe network application system and implementation method.
Background technology
Urban pipe network is the important component part of urban infrastructure, and they are responsible for the work of transmission information, energy or pumped (conveying) medium, is the material base depended on for existence and development of city, is referred to as " life line " in city.On the other hand, information system is had higher requirement by the development of national economy already, the Internet becomes information carrier and the platform of people's daily life the most gradually, the utilization of wireless technology also makes mobile computing become increasingly mature and universal, and wide participation to society operation and people various activities in.
The each big city of China in Recent Years continuously occurs in that large-scale urban waterlogging problem, problem mainly appear on urban pipe network build planning aspect and Supervisory control management aspect the most delayed.Along with country proposes " smart city " development strategy, State Council is it is also proposed that carry out the requirement of " solve rain dirt shunting for 5 years, solve urban waterlogging in 10 years ", propose to improve emergency mechanism, strengthen pipe network daily management, increasing science and technology support dynamics simultaneously, strengthen the research of the aspects such as Urban Rain rule, draining impact evaluation, waterlogging risk further;General Promotion drainage waterlogging prevention level of digital, the technological system such as positive applied geography information, global location, remote sensing application.Therefore, market is called and a kind of convenient monitoring and the wisdom pipe network application system of management is occurred.
In passing urban infrastructure construction, the construction of pipe network infrastructure and information infrastructure is often carried out separately.On the one hand people constantly build and improve urban pipe network infrastructure, and on the other hand, people also develop the information infrastructure comprising data center, personal computer, broadband network etc. sparing no effort, but the most mutually incoherent.
Along with the development of modern economy, rely primarily on the mainstream network computation schema that desktop type calculates, advocated to develop into and broadly dispose intelligent movable equipment and the common calculating model of small calculating equipment.Obtain service and support from advocating people round terminal, develop into computer network and service and support is actively provided round people.
Sensor is that people carry out the means of effective perception and detection to pipe network infrastructure, the sensor network consisting in pipe network infrastructure, link together with making the miniaturization calculating equipment self-organizings such as substantial amounts of sensor, and by common calculating model from meeting individual demand, further extending into can be with production and applications such as the pipe network infrastructure of large-scale promotion.Can be generalized to information infrastructure in pipe network infrastructure form the networking of pipe network infrastructure, informationization, it is achieved pipe network infrastructure is unified with the integration of information infrastructure.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, the above-mentioned Supervisory control for prior art manages inconvenient defect, it is provided that a kind of convenient monitoring and the wisdom pipe network application system of management and implementation method.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of wisdom pipe network application system of structure, and this wisdom pipe network system includes: perception identification layer, network struction layer, management service layer and integrated application layer, wherein,
Perception identification layer is the information generating unit of wisdom pipe network, and perception identification layer includes automatic information signal generating unit and artificial information's signal generating unit;Wherein,
Automatic information signal generating unit includes active perception information sensing equipment and passive perception information sensing equipment, and automatic information signal generating unit connects the ground node with communication capacity, makes the key node of pipe network become the network terminal that can be independently addressable;
Artificial information's signal generating unit includes intelligent movable equipment, for on-the-spot manually generated pipe network information, and moves access by heterogeneous network;
Network struction layer is the information transmission unit of wisdom pipe network, and network struction layer includes distant-end node and heterogeneous network;Network struction layer provides network access facility for the network terminal;
Management service layer is the information process unit of wisdom pipe network, and management service layer includes data protection module, data memory module, data retrieval module and data organisation module, and data protection module includes gateway;The heterogeneous network of network struction layer is by the gateway interconnection of the data protection module of management service layer;
Integrated application layer is the Information application unit of wisdom pipe network;Integrated application layer is for by wisdom pipe network and public network terminal, special pipelines monitoring system and the system interconnection of data platform, digital city associated production and application and to realize information integrated;
Described active perception information sensing equipment is detachably fixed by the fixing device being arranged between the pipeline of underground pipe network and earth's surface.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, in automatic information signal generating unit,
Active perception information sensing equipment includes the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network, ground node and power supply;Distant-end node is connected composition pipe network sensor network by wired or wireless mode with ground node;
Passive perception information sensing equipment includes that information labels and information labels read equipment.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, in network struction layer, heterogeneous network includes pipe network sensor network, mobile communication network, internet wide area network, special pipelines SCADA/DCS network and data platform, public network terminal.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, in management service layer,
Data memory module includes multiple data storage server and gps clock, relies on gps clock and keep synchronizing between data storage server;
Data retrieval module includes WEB server based on WEB, is mounted with data retrieval software in described WEB server;
Data organisation module includes GIS server, application work station;
Data protection module also includes the fire wall of gateway.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, integrated application layer includes diversified service module, scale service module and industry-specific service module, wherein,
Diversified service module includes wireless smart devices and fixed terminal, is used for providing variation pipe network information service, and wireless smart devices accesses internet by mobile radio communication and obtains service and support;
Scale service module passes through the network switch management relevant to pipe network industry with gateway accessing and controls network;
Industry-specific service module is by the network switch and the traditional special pipelines Distributed Control System (DCS) of gateway accessing, special pipelines Production Scheduling System (SCADA) related system;The chain application service technology of industry-specific service module include pipe network system planning, examine, call for bid, purchase, produce, construct, manage, the industry data platform such as maintenance, each service link of pipe network system can be covered.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, described pipe network includes drainage pipeline networks, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network includes the multiple water quality pollutant sensors being arranged on drainage pipeline networks different quality monitoring point, and described water quality pollutant sensor is for detecting the pollutant levels data of drainage pipeline networks different quality monitoring point;
Described integrated application layer is when carrying out the monitoring of pipe network confluence of rainwater and sewage, the pollutant levels data of drainage pipeline networks different quality monitoring point are imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server to obtain pollutant distribution figure, and the geographical coordinate of drainage pipeline networks is imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server to obtain drainage pipeline networks scattergram, again by described pollutant distribution figure Overlapping display on described drainage pipeline networks scattergram, to set up the pollution statistical model of drainage pipeline networks.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, described integrated application layer is additionally operable to when monitoring pollutant levels data beyond pollutant preset standard, linear programming according to node relationships tree obtains greatest contamination substrate concentration and the time of occurrence of greatest contamination substrate concentration of upstream node, and according to the polluter in the greatest contamination substrate concentration of upstream node and the time of occurrence location drainage pipeline networks of greatest contamination substrate concentration.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, described pipe network includes drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network includes the multiple hydraulic pressure sensors being arranged on the different water pressure monitoring points of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant, and described hydraulic pressure sensor is for detecting the hydraulic pressure data of the different water pressure monitoring points of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant;
Described integrated application layer is when carrying out draining dispatching and monitoring, the hydraulic pressure data of drainage pipeline networks and the different water pressure monitoring points of pumping plant are imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server to obtain hydraulic pressure scattergram, and the geographical coordinate of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant is imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server to obtain drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant scattergram, again by described hydraulic pressure scattergram Overlapping display on described drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant scattergram, to set up the hydraulic pressure statistical model of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, described integrated application layer is additionally operable to when monitoring hydraulic pressure data beyond hydraulic pressure preset standard, linear programming according to node relationships tree obtains maximum hydraulic pressure and the time of occurrence of maximum hydraulic pressure of upstream node, and orients the plugging point of drainage pipeline networks or pumping plant according to the maximum hydraulic pressure of upstream node and the time of occurrence of maximum hydraulic pressure.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, described pipe network includes multiple inspection shaft, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network includes the multiple well lid alignment sensors being arranged on the well lid of different inspection shaft, and described well lid alignment sensor is for detecting the well lid location data of different well lid;
Described integrated application layer is when carrying out burst fire-disaster early warning, if judge that the well lid of specific inspection shaft is shifted over according to well lid location data, GIS-Geographic Information System according to described GIS server determines the geographical position of the well lid of described specific inspection shaft, and issues early warning signal.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network includes the multiple harmful gas sensors being arranged on the gas with various monitoring point of pipe network, and described harmful gas sensor is for detecting the harmful gas data of gas with various monitoring point;
Described integrated application layer is when carrying out burst fire-disaster early warning, if judge that the specific monitoring point of pipe network occurs harmful gas to reveal according to harmful gas data, GIS-Geographic Information System according to described GIS server determines the geographical position of described specific gas monitoring point, and issues early warning signal.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network includes being arranged on the multiple hydraulic pressure sensors on the different baric flow monitoring points of pipe network and multiple flow transducer, and described hydraulic pressure sensor and flow transducer are respectively used to detect hydraulic pressure data and the data on flows of the different baric flow monitoring points of pipe network;
Described integrated application layer is when carrying out pipeline network simulation emulation, and hydraulic pressure data and the data on flows of inscribing different baric flow monitoring point during according to particular historical set up static instantaneous simulating model;Hydraulic pressure data and data on flows according to baric flow monitoring points different in the particular historical period set up static static Simulation model;Hydraulic pressure data and data on flows according to baric flow monitoring points different under current time set up dynamic instantaneous simulating model.
In wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, described fixing device includes fixing the installation set being detachably fixed for the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network being connected with pipeline, described set of installing is extended upwardly to earth's surface by pipeline, and the upper end of described installation set is provided with the earth's surface bindiny mechanism for housing ground node and power supply;The described interior bottom of set of installing is provided with the activity snap joint being detachably fixed for the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network, described activity snap joint connects has the bracing wire and flexible installing pull bar, described bracing wire and the flexible installing pull bar that connect for activity snap joint or dismantle to extend upwardly to earth's surface bindiny mechanism.
The present invention also constructs the implementation method of a kind of wisdom pipe network application system, and this wisdom pipe network system includes: perception identification layer, network struction layer, management service layer and integrated application layer, and described application process includes:
Automatic information signal generating unit in perception identification layer and the information of artificial information's signal generating unit generation wisdom pipe network;
Distant-end node in network struction layer and the information of heterogeneous network transmission wisdom pipe network;
Data protection module, data memory module, data retrieval module and data organisation module in management service layer processes the information of wisdom pipe network;
Integrated application layer is by wisdom pipe network and public network terminal, special pipelines monitoring system and the system interconnection of data platform, digital city associated production and application and to realize information integrated.
Implement technical scheme; perception identification layer detects the data of pipe network different monitoring points in real time; generate the information of wisdom pipe network; the information of network struction layer transmission wisdom pipe network; the information of wisdom pipe network is processed by data protection module, data memory module, data retrieval module and data organisation module in management service layer, and integrated application layer is for by wisdom pipe network and various public network terminals, special pipelines monitoring system and data platform, digital city associated production and the system interconnection of application.Therefore, the convenient monitoring of this wisdom pipe network application system and management.
In the present invention, the installation of active perception information sensing equipment is to use the fixing device being arranged between the pipeline of underground pipe network and earth's surface to be detachably fixed, this fixing device is arranged between pipeline and ground, active perception information sensing equipment can be fixed on pipeline by this fixing device, for pipeline internal information is detected, and directly can be carried out dismounting and the maintenance of active perception information sensing equipment on ground without excavating soil, achieve a kind of new subsurface equipment method for maintaining, operating above ground is very convenient, save maintenance time, simplify construction, decrease the waste of manpower and materials.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the building-block of logic of wisdom pipe network application system embodiment one of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of wisdom pipe network application system embodiment two of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the flow chart of the implementation method embodiment one of wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the sensor fixing structure schematic diagram of wisdom pipe network of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the building-block of logic of wisdom pipe network application system embodiment one of the present invention, according to the generation of information, transmits, processes and applies, and this wisdom pipe network application system includes perception identification layer, network struction layer, management service layer and integrated application layer.
Perception identification layer is the information generating unit of wisdom pipe network, and it includes automatic information signal generating unit and artificial information's signal generating unit, wherein, automatic information signal generating unit includes active perception information sensing equipment and passive perception information sensing equipment, automatic information signal generating unit connects the ground node with communication capacity, makes the key node of pipe network become the network terminal that can be independently addressable.Artificial information's signal generating unit includes intelligent movable equipment, for on-the-spot manually generated pipe network information, and moves access by heterogeneous network.This perception identification layer is mainly for detection of the static data of pipe network different monitoring points and dynamic data, and the detection information of pipe network is issued by automatic information generating mode and artificial information's generating mode, wherein, pipe network includes water supply network, drainage pipeline networks, gas ductwork, pumping plant, inspection shaft etc..This static data includes geographical coordinate, the most also can farther include: buried depth, material, specification, pressure, construction age, ownership unit, director's name and contact method etc..This dynamic data includes hydraulic pressure, flow, water level, harmful gas concentration, water pollution substrate concentration etc..
Network struction layer is the information transmission unit of wisdom pipe network, and network struction layer includes distant-end node and heterogeneous network.Network struction layer provides network access facility for the various network terminals.This network struction layer, for the detection information of pipe network is collected, processed, is then sent to management service layer by the wireless mode of 3G/4G/WIFI or the detection information of wired mode transmission pipe network.
Management service layer is the information process unit of wisdom pipe network, and management service layer includes data protection module, data memory module, data retrieval module and data organisation module, and data protection module includes gateway;The heterogeneous network of network struction layer is by the gateway interconnection of the data protection module of management service layer.This management service layer is for protecting the detection information of the pipe network received, store, organize and retrieve.
Integrated application layer is the Information application unit of wisdom pipe network, and integrated application layer includes diversified service module, scale service module and industry-specific service module.Integrated application layer is for by wisdom pipe network and various public network terminals, special pipelines monitoring system and data platform, digital city associated production and the system interconnection of application.The detection information of the pipe network that this integrated application layer is stored according to management service layer carries out pipe network confluence of rainwater and sewage monitoring, draining dispatching and monitoring, burst fire-disaster early warning or pipeline network simulation emulation etc.; to build the sector application of intelligentized upper strata; servicing including scale, industry-specific etc., industry-specific service also includes that chainization services.They form generalization.It should be noted that, above-described connection, it is not limited only to the connection of wired mode, can be also the connection of various wireless mode.
In conjunction with Fig. 2, in perception identification layer, the active perception information sensing equipment of automatic information signal generating unit includes the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network, ground node and power supply.Distant-end node is connected composition pipe network sensor network by wired or wireless mode with ground node.Wherein, the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network is for the dynamic data of the corresponding monitoring point of detection pipe network in real time, and the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network such as can include hydraulic pressure sensor, flow transducer, Temperature Humidity Sensor, shaking sensor, baroceptor, harmful gas sensor, water quality pollutant sensor, well lid alignment sensor and/or photographic head.Wherein, the video in monitoring region is caught by photographic head, such as, monitors the videos such as the current under region, water quality, water level.The passive perception information sensing equipment of automatic information signal generating unit includes that information labels and information labels read equipment.Information labels can include the multiple RFID(Radio Frequency IDentificatio being arranged on the different monitoring points of pipe network, radio frequency identification) label.Information labels reads equipment can include multiple RFID reader.Wherein, RFID label tag is previously written the static data of the corresponding monitoring point of pipe network, the only write when pipeline network construction or when transforming of these static datas, keeps constant at ordinary times.RFID reader is for reading the static data that corresponding RFID label tag is write, certainly, the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network can also be written into corresponding RFID label tag after dynamic data being detected, and now, RFID reader can read static data and dynamic data simultaneously.Intelligent movable device intelligence terminal in artificial information's signal generating unit, for when manual inspection, reads the inspection result of the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network the most at the scene and is input in intelligent terminal, for inspection and the correction of dynamic data.
In conjunction with Fig. 4, shown in 5, described active perception information sensing equipment is detachably fixed by the fixing device being arranged between the pipeline of underground pipe network and earth's surface.
Described fixing device includes fixing the installation set 3 being detachably fixed for the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network being connected with pipeline, described set 3 of installing is extended upwardly to earth's surface by pipeline 1, and the upper end of described installation set 3 is provided with the earth's surface bindiny mechanism for housing ground node and power supply.
Installing set 3 is hollow structure, arranges the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network 5 in installing set 3, has detection hole with installing on set 3 corresponding pipelines 1, and the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network 5 detects pipeline 1 internal information in being inserted into detection hole.Installation set 3 is fixedly connected with various ways with pipeline 1, one is to install set 3 to be directly anchored on pipeline 1, but there is certain length owing to installing set 3, installation process is inconvenient, therefore, can be in the way of using segmentation connection, i.e. on pipeline 1, corresponding detection hole is provided with mounting seat 2, installs set 3 and is fixed on pipeline 1 by mounting seat 2.The structure of mounting seat 2 also has multiple, in this no limit, only need to be fixed on installing set 3 corresponding detection hole on pipeline 1, in the present embodiment, mounting seat 2 is short sleeve, mounting seat 2 one end is welded on pipeline 1 outer wall, installing set 3 to be inserted in mounting seat 2, install between set 3 and mounting seat 2 tight fit connection or fixing be connected, tight fit connection can use interference fit.Fixing connection can be to use modes such as welding, be spirally connected.
In described installation set 3, bottom is provided with the activity snap joint 6 being detachably fixed for the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network 5, described activity snap joint 6 includes being fixed on the jack assemblies installed in set 3, with the slotting axle 11 that jack assemblies seals removable plug, the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network 5 is fixed in described slotting axle 11 end, after described slotting axle 11 locks in being plugged into jack assemblies, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network 5 is inserted in the detection hole of pipeline 1.
Fixing can being directly anchored to of jack assemblies installs set 3 inwalls, it is also possible to be fixed on pipeline 1 outer wall.Jack assemblies includes socket 10 and cutting ferrule 12, and cutting ferrule 12 is set in outside socket 10, inserts axle 11 and is plugged in socket 10.Between socket 10 and cutting ferrule 12, it is set with jump ring 15, spring 17, socket 10 is bolted with nut 18 spacing to spring 17.Between socket 10 and slotting axle 11, it is provided with locking steel ball 16, corresponding slotting axle 11 outer wall has dovetail groove.Sealed by least one in sealing gasket 13, sealing ring 14 between socket 10, slotting axle 11.
Inserting axle 11 is hollow structure, and it is internally provided with and realizes through slotting axocoel, is coated with power line and the connection of the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network 5 in inserting axocoel.
Described activity snap joint 6 connects the bracing wire 8 and flexible installing pull bar 9 connecting for activity snap joint 6 or dismantling, and described bracing wire 8 and flexible installing pull bar 9 extend upwardly to earth's surface bindiny mechanism.
Described bracing wire 8 lower end is fixed on cutting ferrule 12, and upper end is spacing in the bindiny mechanism of earth's surface.Bracing wire 8 is arranged symmetrically and evenly, typically arranges two, is separately fixed at the position that cutting ferrule 12 end face is relative.Inserting with guide ring 7 on axle 11, guide ring is fixing with flexible installing pull bar 9 to be connected.Guide ring 7 is provided with pilot hole, and bracing wire 8 penetrates in pilot hole, for guiding the slotting axle 11 transferred so that it is can be plugged into safely and fast in socket 10.
Flexible installing pull bar 9 is the flexible structure of hollow, and lower end is fixing with slotting axle 11 to be connected, and upper end extends in the bindiny mechanism of earth's surface.The hollow cavity correspondence of described flexible installing pull bar 9 inserts the slotting axocoel of axle 11, and flexible installing pull bar 9 can use spring steel wire coiling, the hollow cavity of flexible installing pull bar 9 can connect power line and the connection of the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network 5.Flexible installing pull bar 9 uses flexible structure, facilitates pull bar to pass through to deform the grafting of adjustment activity snap joint 6.
Earth's surface bindiny mechanism is the power supply for the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network 5 and communication, and ground node and power supply in active perception information sensing equipment are arranged wherein.The structure of earth's surface bindiny mechanism is not construed as limiting; only active perception information sensing equipment therein need to be played a protective role; the earth's surface bindiny mechanism of the present embodiment uses earth's surface rosette, the interior power supply arranged of earth's surface rosette and ground node, has and arranges according to actual needs.According to the buried depth of pipeline 1, earth's surface rosette can be connected with distant-end node, and can install independent wind-force/sun-generated electric power, replaceable battery or be connected with power supply network.
In conjunction with Fig. 4, shown in 5, when connecting the Wireless/wired sensor 5 of pipe network, first pass through bracing wire 8 and the cutting ferrule 12 on socket 10 is pulled upwardly to highest point fixed position, again by the head Wireless/wired sensor of related pipe network 5 of slotting axle 11, it is inserted on pipeline 1 in detection hole by flexible installing pull bar 9 and installation set 3, cutting ferrule 12 can be unclamped after the head of slotting axle 11 is inserted into the end, cutting ferrule 12 sets back under the effect of the elastic force of spring 17, cutting ferrule 12 promotes locking steel ball 16 to enter in the dovetail groove inserted on axle 11 during setting back, and locking steel ball 16 is fixed in dovetail groove, produce self-locking action, make to insert unlikely in axle 11 is locked in socket 10 coming off, thus realize quickly connecting.Insert axle 11 head has sealing gasket 13 or sealing ring 14 to realize axial seal simultaneously, makes the fluid within underground piping 1 unlikely to outward leakage.When needs sensor Wireless/wired to pipe network 5 overhauls or change, only by bracing wire 8, the cutting ferrule 12 on socket 10 need to be pulled upwardly to highest point, at this moment insert axle 11 and can exit from socket 10.
About the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network 5, it should be noted that, when reality is applied, according to site environment and monitoring demand, the different Wireless/wired sensors of pipe network 5 is carried out type selecting.When sensor 5 Wireless/wired to pipe network is installed, first, the design attitude at pipeline/inspection shaft opens detection hole, is tightly connected prefabricated fixing seat.From fixing seat fixed installation set 3 to earth's surface during construction, set 3 upper ends are installed earth's surface bindiny mechanism (earth's surface rosette) is set, set 3 is installed there is some strength, the deformation that soil settlement causes can be resisted to a certain extent, such as use steel-plastics composite pipe, even if installation set 3 flexural deformations are each to bending close to equal in also keeping pipe so that it is shape can long term maintenance.Set 3 and fixing seat compact siro spinning technology are installed, and form sealing with Soil Surrounding.3 or replacing pipe network Wireless/wired sensors 5 internally installed at tube wall can be overlapped by installing the most as required from earth's surface rosette.
Perception identification layer detects the environmental data of pipe network in real time and releases, its published method includes the automatic published method of information and artificial information's published method, automatic information generating mode relies primarily on active perception equipment and passive awareness apparatus, active perception equipment includes the sensor of the sensor of wireless communication mode, wire communication mode, sensor is powered by earth's surface rosette respectively, and detect the dynamic data of corresponding monitoring point in real time, such as, hydraulic pressure, flow, temperature, humidity, harmful gas, water quality (being harmful to) and the video monitoring of pipe network.Passive awareness apparatus includes RFID reader and the RFID label tag being attached on pipe network, RFID label tag is previously written the static data of corresponding monitoring point, such as, coordinate, buried depth, material, specification, pressure, build the age, ownership unit, the Back ground Informations such as director's name and contact method, RFID reader can read the static data that corresponding RFID label tag is write, and it is sent to management service layer and integrated application layer, Supervisory control location is carried out to facilitate, and then the unified planning that convenience is to pipe network, scientific management, consult retrieval and on-the-spot warning, and warning can be sent by wireless technology to equipment such as the mobile phones of workmen, avoid digging cut-off water, power supply, the event of the pipelines such as combustion gas occurs.The mode that artificial information issues relies primarily on intelligent terminal, and such as, smart mobile phone, panel computer etc., when manual inspection, the inspection result that scene is viewed by patrol officer is input to intelligent terminal, and is released by intelligent terminal.
The Main Function of the Main Function network struction layer of network struction layer is perception identification layer data access to management service layer, for the top service of wisdom pipe network.Network struction layer utilizes the network struction technology such as the Internet, wireless broadband network, wireless low speed net, mobile radio communication that include, or utilizes wireless communication module and " Internet of Things " of standard communication protocol composition certainly of various heterogeneous device itself.These heterogeneous networks carry out interconnection by " gateway ", " heterogeneous network fusion " and cloud computing communication module group." Ubiquitous Network " is the infrastructure realizing " wisdom pipe network ", for the offer high performance network environment that interconnects of pipe network information.The information that harvester, sensor obtain, completes to calculate, analyze, store and distribute to high in the clouds by the Internet, Internet of Things, telecommunications network, Broadcasting Cable Network, wireless broadband transmission beyond the clouds.Heterogeneous network include pipe network sensor network, mobile communication network, internet wide area network, special pipelines SCADA/DCS network and data platform, public network terminal and other with pipe network industry related management and control network, if profession portal website, municipal administration, digital city network etc. are by network switch access-in management service layer.The information that sensor, photographic head, RFID reader etc. obtain, by the Internet, Internet of Things, telecommunications network, Broadcasting Cable Network, wireless broadband transmission to high in the clouds, completes to calculate, analyze, store and distribute beyond the clouds.In this embodiment, network struction layer includes distant-end node equipment (repeater), mobile communication network equipment and the network switch.What environmental data that sensor, RFID reader etc. can be detected by the way of wired or wireless by distant-end node equipment was real-time or asynchronous uploads to this node, and this distant-end node equipment plays the effect collecting environmental data.Mobile communication network equipment is mainly manually carrying out receiving when pipe network is patrolled and examined the environmental data uploaded by intelligent terminal, play the effect of tidal data recovering equally, meanwhile, this mobile communication network equipment provides wireless data pathway service also by mobile communication technologies such as WIFI, GRPS, 3G, 4G for integrated application layer.The network switch mainly realize environmental data packing, split, combination etc. processes and sets up routed path, and environmental data is sent to gateway.It addition, pipe network SCADA/DCS(distributed control systems, scattered control system) server is mainly integrated application layer and provides through intellectual analysis and the pipeline coordination environmental data after processing.
The Main Function of management service layer is under the support of high-performance calculation and great capacity data storage; large-scale data high efficient and reliable is organized; the support platform of intelligence is provided for upper strata sector application; such as, solve how to store (data base and great capacity data storage), how to retrieve (search engine), how to use (data mining and machine learning), as why not being abused problems such as (protections of data security and privacy).In this embodiment, management service layer includes data retrieval module, data memory module, data organisation module and data protection module.Wherein, data memory module includes multiple data storage server and gps clock, relies on gps clock and keep synchronizing between data storage server.Data retrieval module includes WEB server based on WEB, is mounted with data retrieval software in WEB server.Data organisation module includes GIS server and application work station.Data protection module includes gateway and fire wall thereof.And; gateway for data protection is placed in the front end of WEB server, data storage server; the form using independent hardware device combining encryption decryption software system is installed to the front side of protected server; its Main Function is: (1) plays the effect of network firewall, it is achieved the isolation of intranet and extranet and protection;(2) incoming various encryption datas are decrypted or the data that send from protected data server carry out all kinds of encryption.
WEB server major function is to provide relating to structuring or non-structured environmental data carries out mixed index, character/word/sentence/fragment retrieval, automatic database partitioning retrieval, the parallel search of many storehouses, thus comprehensive retrieval method and search method are provided, including various logic combined retrieval, location retrieval, quadratic search, Step-up retrieval, history retrieval, root retrieval, case sensitive retrieval, conceptual retrieval, to the retrieval dependency of result conjunctive search expression formula and importance degree sequence etc..It addition, WEB server can use efficient index compression technology, index saltatory scanning technique, many storehouses parallel search technology, perfect multistage Query-CACHE technology, bi-gram algorithm based on word and word frequency etc. to retrieve.Data storage server major function is that all environmental datas to pipe network store, such as, back up in realtime technology, database data safe practice etc. of data-base cluster technology, data base realizes the safety storage of environmental data and the efficient storage of magnanimity pipe network to utilize advanced database technology to include.Data-management application work station mainly provides GIS service and Various types of data analysis application work station, such as specialist system work station etc..
In integrated application layer; by the traditional pipe network Production Scheduling System (SCADA) of the network switch and gateway accessing, pipe network Distributed Control System (DCS); and Main Function is to build the sector application of intelligentized upper strata; servicing including scale, industry-specific etc., industry-specific service also includes that chainization services.They form generalization.Integrated application layer includes diversified service module, scale service module and industry-specific service module; wherein; diversified service module includes the public network terminal such as wireless smart devices and fixed terminal; and variation pipe network information service is provided; such as, equipment can carry out pipe network confluence of rainwater and sewage monitoring, draining dispatching and monitoring, burst fire-disaster early warning or pipeline network simulation emulation etc. according to the environmental data of pipe network.Wireless smart devices accesses internet by mobile radio communication and obtains service and support;Scale service module is mainly by the network switch and gateway accessing and pipe network industry related management and control network such as profession portal website, municipal administration, digital city network etc.;Industry-specific service module is by related systems such as the network switch and the traditional special pipelines Distributed Control System (DCS) of gateway accessing, special pipelines Production Scheduling System (SCADA), the chain application service technology of industry-specific service module, including pipe network system planning, examine, call for bid, purchase, produce, construct, manage, the industry data platform such as maintenance, each service link of pipe network system can be covered.
Integrated application layer is when carrying out the monitoring of pipe network confluence of rainwater and sewage, first, the pollutant levels data detected are sent to management service layer by multiple water quality pollutant sensors of drainage pipeline networks different quality monitoring point, and integrated application layer recalls the pollutant levels data of drainage pipeline networks different quality monitoring point from management service layer.Then, the pollutant levels data of drainage pipeline networks different quality monitoring point are imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of GIS server to obtain pollutant distribution figure, and the geographical coordinate of drainage pipeline networks is imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of GIS server to obtain drainage pipeline networks scattergram, again by pollutant distribution figure Overlapping display on drainage pipeline networks scattergram, set up the pollution statistical model of drainage pipeline networks by confluence analysis.And, the pollution statistical model of drainage pipeline networks under different condition can be set up according to the historical data stored in management service layer, thus monitor the long-term rain dirt tapping condition of corresponding drainage.Additionally, under emergency case, when integrated application layer is when monitoring pollutant levels data beyond pollutant preset standard, linear programming according to node relationships tree obtains greatest contamination substrate concentration and the time of occurrence of greatest contamination substrate concentration of upstream node, and inject node according to the greatest contamination substrate concentration of upstream node and the time of occurrence prediction pollutant of greatest contamination substrate concentration, thus orient the polluter in drainage pipeline networks quickly and accurately.
Integrated application layer is when carrying out draining dispatching and monitoring, first, the hydraulic pressure data detected are sent to management service layer by multiple hydraulic pressure sensors of the different water pressure monitoring points of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant, and integrated application layer recalls the hydraulic pressure data of the different water pressure monitoring points of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant from management service layer.Then, the hydraulic pressure data of drainage pipeline networks and the different water pressure monitoring points of pumping plant are imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of GIS server to obtain hydraulic pressure scattergram, and the geographical coordinate of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant is imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of GIS server to obtain drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant scattergram, again by hydraulic pressure scattergram Overlapping display on drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant scattergram, to set up the hydraulic pressure statistical model of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant.And, the hydraulic pressure statistical model of the drainage pipeline networks under different condition and pumping plant can be set up according to the historical data stored in management service layer, thus monitor the long-term drainage situation of corresponding drainage.Additionally, when integrated application layer is when monitoring hydraulic pressure data beyond hydraulic pressure preset standard, linear programming according to node relationships tree obtains maximum hydraulic pressure and the time of occurrence of maximum hydraulic pressure of upstream node, and orients the plugging point of drainage pipeline networks or pumping plant according to the maximum hydraulic pressure of upstream node and the time of occurrence of maximum hydraulic pressure.
Further, based on drainage pipeline networks and the hydraulic pressure data of the different water pressure monitoring points of pumping plant, carry out region scale merit cluster, city flood zones is carried out rational subregion, and control zone block size is allowed to meet system operations requirement.Simultaneously, hydraulic pressure statistical model according to the drainage pipeline networks under different condition and pumping plant determines Models Sets type, identification model structure and model parameter, finally model parameter is carried out online dynamic corrections, thus monitor the long-term flood discharge situation of corresponding drainage, and carry out Urban Stagnant Floods early warning and planning of drainning off floodwaters based on computer graphical and virtual reality technology.Under emergency case, the hydraulic pressure Statistical Prediction Model of available drainage pipeline networks quickly calculates the pipeline depth of water, DCS system communication by the network switch interface of information system Yu drainage pumping plant, being automatically brought into operation of conservative control drainage system, the all water storage devices of the system that makes full use of, avoid occurring flood to overflow in a specific region and remaining water storage system leaves unused, be finally reached regional flood spilling and minimize.
Integrated application layer is when carrying out burst fire-disaster early warning, such as well lid displacement early warning, first, the well lid detected location data are sent to management service layer by the well lid alignment sensor on the well lid of different inspection shafts, integrated application layer recalls the well lid location data of different well lid from management service layer, if judge that the well lid of specific inspection shaft is shifted over according to well lid location data, determine the geographical position of the well lid of specific inspection shaft according to the GIS-Geographic Information System of GIS server, and issue early warning signal.The most such as poisonous gas leakage early warning, first, the harmful gas data detected are sent to management service layer by the multiple harmful gas sensors on gas with various monitoring point, integrated application layer recalls the harmful gas data of gas with various monitoring point from management service layer, if judge that the specific monitoring point of pipe network occurs harmful gas to reveal according to harmful gas data, GIS-Geographic Information System according to GIS server determines the geographical position of specific gas monitoring point, and issues early warning signal.
Integrated application layer is when carrying out pipeline network simulation emulation, first, the hydraulic pressure data detected and data on flows are sent to management service layer by hydraulic pressure sensor and flow transducer on the different baric flow monitoring points of pipe network, and integrated application layer recalls hydraulic pressure data and the data on flows of different baric flow monitoring point from management service layer.Then, integrated application layer can set up phantom according to these data, its object is to understand real system ruuning situation at different conditions and judge the contingent change of system after increasing or leaving out some conditions.Difference according to the data that phantom is used, following three kinds can be divided into: (1) static instantaneous simulating model, its hydraulic pressure data inscribing different baric flow monitoring point when being according to particular historical and data on flows are set up, this class model is generally used for pipe network planning and engineering design department carries out pipe network planning and designing, and pipe network management and running department is relatively low to Pressure level, in large scale and does not has the system of real-time monitoring data to be analyzed.(2) static static Simulation model, it is to be set up according to hydraulic pressure data and the data on flows of difference baric flow monitoring points in the particular historical period, this class model can be used for pipe network management and running and pipe network planning department carries out the off-line analysis of particular task of certain period, simulates the virtual condition of various operation and relatively reasonable abnormal condition.Meanwhile, by conditions such as the operation of analog systems, accident conditions in training, reaction processing capacity when risk occurs can be improved, and can provide in a short time and need protracted experience accumulation just obtainable knowledge.(3) dynamic transient state in-circuit emulation model, it is to be set up according to hydraulic pressure data and the data on flows of difference baric flow monitoring points under current time, this class model can be used for carrying out the performance analysis of online pipe network in real time, and can provide that management and running need most is again the pipe network operation Potential Prediction that lacked of monitoring system, strengthen safety and the high efficiency of pipe network scheduling.
Fig. 3 is the flow chart of the application process embodiment one of wisdom pipe network application system of the present invention, and the application process of this wisdom pipe network system includes:
Automatic information signal generating unit in perception identification layer and the information of artificial information's signal generating unit generation wisdom pipe network;
Distant-end node in network struction layer and the information of heterogeneous network transmission wisdom pipe network;
Data protection module, data memory module, data retrieval module and data organisation module in management service layer processes the information of wisdom pipe network;
Integrated application layer is by wisdom pipe network and public network terminal, special pipelines monitoring system and the system interconnection of data platform, digital city associated production and application and to realize information integrated.
Finally it should be noted that, the preferred version being suitable in wisdom pipe network application system is equally applicable to the application process of wisdom pipe network system, does not repeats at this.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.All within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. made, within should be included in scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (11)

1. a wisdom pipe network application system, it is characterised in that this wisdom pipe network system includes: perception Identification layer, network struction layer, management service layer and integrated application layer, wherein,
Perception identification layer is the information generating unit of wisdom pipe network, and perception identification layer includes that automatic information is raw Become unit and artificial information's signal generating unit;Wherein,
Automatic information signal generating unit includes that active perception information sensing equipment and passive perception information sensing set Standby, automatic information signal generating unit connects the ground node with communication capacity, makes the key node of pipe network become For the network terminal that can be independently addressable;
Artificial information's signal generating unit includes intelligent movable equipment, for on-the-spot manually generated pipe network information, and Access is moved by heterogeneous network;
Network struction layer is the information transmission unit of wisdom pipe network, and network struction layer include distant-end node and Heterogeneous network;Network struction layer provides network access facility for the network terminal;
Management service layer is the information process unit of wisdom pipe network, and management service layer includes data protection mould Block, data memory module, data retrieval module and data organisation module, data protection module includes net Close;The heterogeneous network of the network struction layer gateway interconnection by data protection module;
Integrated application layer is the Information application unit of wisdom pipe network;Integrated application layer for by wisdom pipe network with Public network terminal, special pipelines monitoring system and data platform, digital city associated production and application neck The system interconnection in territory and to realize information integrated;
Described active perception information sensing equipment is by consolidating of being arranged between the pipeline of underground pipe network and earth's surface Determine device to be detachably fixed;
In automatic information signal generating unit,
Active perception information sensing equipment includes the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network, ground node and power supply; Distant-end node is connected composition pipe network sensor network by wired or wireless mode with ground node;
Passive perception information sensing equipment includes that information labels and information labels read equipment;
And, described fixing device include fixing with pipeline be connected for the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network The installation set being detachably fixed, described installation set is extended upwardly to earth's surface by pipeline, and it is upper that described installation is overlapped End is provided with the earth's surface bindiny mechanism for housing ground node and power supply;The described interior bottom of set of installing is provided with The activity snap joint being detachably fixed for the Wireless/wired sensor of pipe network, described activity snap joint Connect and have bracing wire and flexible installing pull bar, described bracing wire and flexible installing pull bar to extend upwardly to earth's surface connection Mechanism, and be used for connecting or dismantle described activity snap joint.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in network struction In Ceng, heterogeneous network includes pipe network sensor network, mobile communication network, internet wide area network, specially Industry pipeline SCADA/DCS network and data platform, public network terminal.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that in management service In Ceng,
Data memory module includes multiple data storage server and gps clock, data storage server it Between rely on gps clock keep synchronize;
Data retrieval module includes WEB server based on WEB, is mounted with number in described WEB server According to retrieval software;
Data organisation module includes GIS server, application work station;
Data protection module also includes the fire wall of gateway.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that integrated application layer Including diversified service module, scale service module and industry-specific service module, wherein,
Diversified service module includes wireless smart devices and fixed terminal, is used for providing variation pipe network letter Breath service, wireless smart devices accesses internet by mobile radio communication and obtains service and support;
Scale service module passes through the network switch management relevant to pipe network industry with gateway accessing and control Network processed;
Industry-specific service module by collecting and distributing control of special pipelines that the network switch and gateway accessing are traditional is System, special pipelines Production Scheduling System related system.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described pipe network bag Including drainage pipeline networks, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network includes being arranged on the monitoring of drainage pipeline networks different quality Multiple water quality pollutant sensors of point, and described water quality pollutant sensor is used for detecting drainage pipeline networks not Pollutant levels data with Water-quality Monitoring Points;
Drainage pipeline networks different quality, when carrying out the monitoring of pipe network confluence of rainwater and sewage, is monitored by described integrated application layer The pollutant levels data of point import the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server to obtain pollutant distribution Figure, and the geographical coordinate of drainage pipeline networks is imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server to be arranged Grid scattergram, then by described pollutant distribution figure Overlapping display in described drainage pipeline networks scattergram it On, to set up the pollution statistical model of drainage pipeline networks.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described comprehensively should It is additionally operable to when monitoring pollutant levels data beyond pollutant preset standard with layer, according to node relationships When the linear programming of tree obtains the appearance of the greatest contamination substrate concentration of upstream node and greatest contamination substrate concentration Between, and arrange according to the greatest contamination substrate concentration of upstream node and the time of occurrence location of greatest contamination substrate concentration Polluter in grid.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described pipe network bag Including drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network includes being arranged on drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant Multiple hydraulic pressure sensors of different water pressure monitoring points, described hydraulic pressure sensor be used for detecting drainage pipeline networks and The hydraulic pressure data of the different water pressure monitoring points of pumping plant;
Described integrated application layer is when carrying out draining dispatching and monitoring, by drainage pipeline networks and the different hydraulic pressure of pumping plant The hydraulic pressure data of monitoring point import the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server to obtain hydraulic pressure scattergram, And the geographical coordinate of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant is imported the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server to obtain Drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant scattergram, then by described hydraulic pressure scattergram Overlapping display in described drainage pipeline networks and pump Stand on scattergram, to set up the hydraulic pressure statistical model of drainage pipeline networks and pumping plant.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that described comprehensively should It is additionally operable to when monitoring hydraulic pressure data beyond hydraulic pressure preset standard with layer, linear according to node relationships tree Rule obtains maximum hydraulic pressure and the time of occurrence of maximum hydraulic pressure of upstream node, and according to upstream node The time of occurrence of big hydraulic pressure and maximum hydraulic pressure orients the plugging point of drainage pipeline networks or pumping plant.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described pipe network bag Including multiple inspection shaft, the Wireless/wired sensor of described pipe network includes being arranged on the well lid of different inspection shaft Multiple well lid alignment sensors, described well lid alignment sensor is for detecting the well lid location of different well lid Data;
Described integrated application layer is when carrying out burst fire-disaster early warning, if judging specific according to well lid location data When the well lid of inspection shaft is shifted over, determine described spy according to the GIS-Geographic Information System of described GIS server Determine the geographical position of the well lid of inspection shaft, and issue early warning signal.
Wisdom pipe network application system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described pipe network Wireless/wired sensor includes the multiple harmful gass sensing being arranged on the gas with various monitoring point of pipe network Device, described harmful gas sensor is for detecting the harmful gas data of gas with various monitoring point;
Described integrated application layer is when carrying out burst fire-disaster early warning, if judging pipe network according to harmful gas data Specific monitoring point occur harmful gas reveal time, the GIS-Geographic Information System according to described GIS server is true The geographical position of fixed described specific gas monitoring point, and issue early warning signal.
11. wisdom pipe network application systems according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described pipe network Wireless/wired sensor include being arranged on the multiple hydraulic pressure sensors on the different baric flow monitoring points of pipe network and Multiple flow transducers, described hydraulic pressure sensor and flow transducer are respectively used to detect the different pressures of pipe network The hydraulic pressure data of stream monitoring point and data on flows;
Described integrated application layer, when carrying out pipeline network simulation emulation, inscribes different baric flow during according to particular historical The hydraulic pressure data of monitoring point and data on flows set up static instantaneous simulating model;According in the particular historical period The hydraulic pressure data of different baric flow monitoring points and data on flows set up static static Simulation model;According to time current Hydraulic pressure data and the data on flows of inscribing different baric flow monitoring point set up dynamic instantaneous simulating model.
CN201310598341.9A 2013-11-22 2013-11-22 Wisdom pipe network application system and implementation method CN103595813B (en)

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