CN103590059B - Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent - Google Patents

Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103590059B
CN103590059B CN201310561533.2A CN201310561533A CN103590059B CN 103590059 B CN103590059 B CN 103590059B CN 201310561533 A CN201310561533 A CN 201310561533A CN 103590059 B CN103590059 B CN 103590059B
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China
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sodium
aluminum alloy
cleaning agent
carbonate
alcohol
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CN201310561533.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103590059A (en
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袁清和
汪小龙
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安美科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

nullThe open a kind of aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present invention,Abluent includes following components by weight percentage: 2 10% alcohol ether carboxylates、2 10% polycarboxylates、5 20% ether surfactants、5 10% oleamide、1 2.5% diethanolamine、1 2.5% triethanolamine、0.5 2% benzoate、0.5 4% polyglycolic acids salt、1.5 4% carbonate、0.5 3% Borax、0.1 0.6% sodium hydroxide、2 10% alcohols、Deionized water adds to 100%,This aqueous cleaning agent can ensure the machining accuracy of aluminium alloy,Cleaning speed is fast,Surface quality is good,Environmental protection、Fast and safely、Do not fire the most quick-fried,Easy and simple to handle,Low cost,Nontoxic,To human body non-hazardous,It is used conveniently and safely,Save the energy、And the cleaned follow-up electrodepositable of aluminium alloy is processed.

Description

Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of abluent, particularly to a kind of aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent.
Background technology
The commonly used solvent clean of aluminium alloy abluent, strong acid and strong base cleaning the most both at home and abroad etc..Solvent is clear Wash and mainly utilize leaning solvent carry out steam clean by suitable equipment or embathe.Owing to solvent-borne type is clear Lotion is not only expensive and has inflammable and injured skin shortcoming, is also environmental contaminants simultaneously, and needs are high The method of expense and special device prevent steam leakage and reclaim and process profit spent solvent.Strong acid Highly basic clean be utilize strong acid (such as spirit acid, concentrated nitric acid, strong phosphoric acid) or highly basic (as potassium hydroxide, Sodium hydroxide etc.) strong chemical action remove dirt.Both approaches all also exist have after drying residual Staying, aluminum alloy part is easily corroded, and surface quality is poor and dangerous environmental protection, postorder liquid waste processing difficulty Etc. shortcoming.Along with the fast development of the modern industry particularly assembly industry such as information industry and aircraft, therewith its The component surface abluent of assembly industry proposes environmental protection, does not fire the most quick-fried, fast and safely waits high request.
Accordingly, it would be desirable to a kind of aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent, change aluminium alloy strong acid for a long time, Highly basic, as abluent, can ensure the machining accuracy of aluminium alloy, does not corrode aluminum alloy part itself, decontamination energy Power is strong and cleaning speed fast, and the aluminum alloy surface quality being cleaned by is good, does not have inflammable and explosive spy during use Property, and working environment is not resulted in bigger harmful effect.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent, use weak Alkaline water-based cleaning, has strong osmotic ability, can penetrate cleaning materials bottom, can dissolve rapidly removing attached The various dirts in metal surface and impurity, without redeposited phenomenon during cleaning, cleaning process is to metal watch Face is corrosion-free, not damaged, and after cleaning, metal surface is clean, bright, does not corrode aluminum alloy part itself, And cleaning speed is fast, surface quality is good, ensures the machining accuracy of aluminium alloy, does not have inflammable and explosive during use Characteristic, and working environment is not resulted in bigger harmful effect.
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present invention, abluent raw materials by weight includes following group Point: 2-10% alcohol ether carboxylate, 2-10% polycarboxylate, 5-20% ether surfactants, 5-10% oleoyl Amine, 1-2.5% diethanolamine, 1-2.5% triethanolamine, 0.5-2% benzoate, 0.5-4% polyglycolic acids Salt, 1.5-4% carbonate, 0.3-3% Borax, 0.1-0.6% sodium hydroxide, 2-10% alcohols, remaining for go from Sub-water adds to 100%;
Further, abluent raw materials by weight includes following components: 6% alcohol ether carboxylate, more than 6% yuan Carboxylate, 12% ether surfactants, 7.5% oleamide, 1.75% diethanolamine, 1.75% triethanolamine, 1.2% benzoate, 0.5% polyglycolic acids salt, 1.5% carbonate, 0.1% sodium hydroxide, 6% alcohols, its Remaining add to 100% for deionized water;
Further, described polycarboxylate is disodiumedetate, tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, Fructus Citri Limoniae One or more mixture in acid sodium, hydroxy acid sodium;
Further, described ether surfactants be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, Sorbitol monooleate, Polysorbate 80, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanol One or both in amine salt, oleic acid glycol ester, alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, Polyethylene Glycol Above mixture;
Further, described oleamide is triethanolamine oleate, N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., coconut oil ethylene glycol One or more mixture in amide, boronation oleamide, oleic acid ethylene glycol amide;
Further, during described alcohols is ethanol, isopropanol, n-butyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, ethylene glycol, glycerol One or more mixture;
Further, described carbonate is sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, Borax, hydrogen One or more mixture in sodium oxide.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present invention, with polycarboxylate, Ether surfactants is main active agent, with oleamide, hydroxyl acetate for lubrication protection synergist, benzene Formates, edetate etc. be builder, alcohols and deionized water be solvent, belong to alkalescent water Base cleans, and has strong osmotic ability, can penetrate cleaning materials bottom, can dissolve rapidly removing and be attached to gold The various dirts of metal surface and impurity, without redeposited phenomenon during cleaning, cleaning process to metal surface without corruption Erosion, not damaged, after cleaning, metal surface is clean, bright, does not corrode aluminum alloy part itself, and cleans Speed is fast, and surface quality is good, ensures the machining accuracy of aluminium alloy, does not corrode aluminum alloy part itself, uses Time not there is inflammable and explosive characteristic, and working environment is not resulted in bigger harmful effect, without nitrous The harm surrounding material such as hydrochlorate, phenol, formaldehyde, nonflammable, to operator's nonhazardous, have preferably Safety and Environmental Protection, improves processing environment and sanitary condition, it is possible to be preferably carried out effect, is beneficial to improve Work efficiency, beneficially following process be smoothed out and be easily processed follow-up waste liquid, clean low cost, economy High efficiency, during use by heating when cleaning, scrub, spray, vibrate or the mode such as ultrasound wave makes oil Dirt departs from surface of the work as early as possible, thus is distributed in cleanout fluid, reaches to eliminate the purpose of dirt.The present invention's Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent, follow-up electrodepositable.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by embodiment, the invention will be further elaborated.
Embodiment one
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, abluent includes following components by weight percentage: 6% alcohol ether carboxylate, 6% polycarboxylate, 12% ether surfactants, 7.5% oleamide, 1.75% diethyl Hydramine, 1.75% triethanolamine, 1.2% benzoate, 0.8% polyglycolic acids salt 1.2% carbonate, 1.5% Borax, 0.5% sodium hydroxide, 6% alcohols, remaining add to 100% for deionized water.
In the present embodiment, described polycarboxylate is in disodiumedetate, the present embodiment, by described Disodiumedetate according to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, sodium citrate, One in hydroxy acid sodium;Or replace with disodiumedetate and second two according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Amine tetraacethyl four sodium, sodium citrate, the mixture of hydroxy acid sodium, all qualified abluent, gained produce Moral character matter is without significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described ether surfactants is fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether;In the present embodiment, will Fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether replaces with alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, sorbose according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Alcohol monoleate, Polysorbate 80, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt, One in oleic acid glycol ester, alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, Polyethylene Glycol;Or according on an equal basis Percentage by weight replace with fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether and alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, sorbitol monooleate, Polysorbate 80, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt, oleic acid glycol ester, Alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, the mixture of Polyethylene Glycol;All qualified abluent, gained produce Moral character matter there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described oleamide is triethanolamine oleate;In the present embodiment, by described oil triethylenetetraminehexaacetic acid Hydramine replaces with N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, boronation according to equivalent weight percentage ratio One in oleamide, oleic acid ethylene glycol amide;Or replace with oleic acid triethanolamine according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Amine and N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, boronation oleamide, oleic acid ethylene glycol amide Mixture;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described alcohols is ethanol;In the present embodiment, by described ethanol according to equivalent weight percentage Ratio replaces with the one in isopropanol, n-butyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, ethylene glycol, glycerol;Or according to equal weight Amount percentage ratio replaces with ethanol and isopropanol, n-butyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, ethylene glycol, the mixture of glycerol, All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described carbonate is sodium carbonate;In the present embodiment, by sodium carbonate according to equivalent weight hundred Proportion by subtraction replaces with the one in potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, Borax, sodium hydroxide;Or according to Equivalent weight percentage ratio replaces with sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, Borax, hydroxide The mixture of sodium;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, is added above-mentioned raw materials in reaction vessel by proportioning Stir, stand, during use by heating when cleaning, scrub, spray, vibrate or super The modes such as sound wave make greasy dirt depart from surface of the work as early as possible, thus are distributed in cleanout fluid, nonflammable, to behaviour Make personnel's nonhazardous, there is preferable Safety and Environmental Protection, not damaged corrosion-free to metal surface, aluminium alloy Piece surface cleaning, light and no color differnece.
Embodiment two
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, abluent includes following components by weight percentage: 2% alcohol ether carboxylate, 2% polycarboxylate, 5% ether surfactants, 5% oleamide, 1% diethanolamine, 1% triethanolamine, 0.5% benzoate, 2.1% polyglycolic acids salt, 1.5% carbonate, 0.5% Borax, 0.3% Sodium hydroxide, 2% alcohols, remaining add to 100% for deionized water.
In the present embodiment, described polycarboxylate is in tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, the present embodiment, by described Tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate according to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with disodiumedetate, sodium citrate, One in hydroxy acid sodium;Or replace with tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate and second two according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Amine tetraacethyl disodium, sodium citrate, the mixture of hydroxy acid sodium, all qualified abluent, gained produce Moral character matter is without significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described ether surfactants is alkylphenol polyoxyethylene;In the present embodiment, will Alkylphenol polyoxyethylene replaces with fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, sorbose according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Alcohol monoleate, Polysorbate 80, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt, One in oleic acid glycol ester, alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, Polyethylene Glycol;Or according on an equal basis Percentage by weight replace with alkylphenol polyoxyethylene and fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, sorbitol monooleate, Polysorbate 80, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt, oleic acid glycol ester, Alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, the mixture of Polyethylene Glycol;All qualified abluent, gained produce Moral character matter there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described oleamide is N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine.;In the present embodiment, by described oleoyl Sarcosine 18-amine. according to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with triethanolamine oleate, coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, One in boronation oleamide, oleic acid ethylene glycol amide;Or replace with oleoyl flesh according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Propylhomoserin 18-amine. and triethanolamine oleate, coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, boronation oleamide, oleic acid ethylene glycol acyl The mixture of amine;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described alcohols is isopropanol;In the present embodiment, by described isopropanol according to equivalent weight Percentage ratio replaces with the one in ethanol, n-butyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, ethylene glycol, glycerol;Or according on an equal basis Percentage by weight replaces with isopropanol and ethanol, n-butyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, ethylene glycol, the mixture of glycerol, All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described carbonate is potassium carbonate;In the present embodiment, by potassium carbonate according to equivalent weight hundred Proportion by subtraction replaces with the one in sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, Borax, sodium hydroxide;Or according to Equivalent weight percentage ratio replaces with potassium carbonate and sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, Borax, hydroxide The mixture of sodium;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, during use by clean time heating, scrub, The modes such as spray, vibration or ultrasound wave make greasy dirt depart from surface of the work as early as possible, thus are distributed in cleanout fluid, Nonflammable, to operator's nonhazardous, there is preferable Safety and Environmental Protection, nothing corrosion-free to metal surface Damage, the cleaning of ferrous metal piece surface, light and no color differnece, rust-proof life was more than 3 months.
Embodiment three
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, abluent includes following components by weight percentage: 10% alcohol ether carboxylate, 10% polycarboxylate, 20% ether surfactants, 10% oleamide, 2.5% diethyl Hydramine, 2.5% triethanolamine, 2% benzoate, 2.5% polyglycolic acids salt, 0.8% carbonate, 0.5% boron Sand, 0.2% sodium hydroxide, 10% alcohols, remaining add to 100% for deionized water.
In the present embodiment, described polycarboxylate is in sodium citrate, the present embodiment, by described sodium citrate Tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, disodiumedetate, hydroxyacetic acid is replaced with according to equivalent weight percentage ratio One in sodium;Or replace with sodium citrate and tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, second according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Edetate disodium, the mixture of hydroxy acid sodium, all qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character without Significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described ether surfactants is sorbitol monooleate;In the present embodiment, will Sorbitol monooleate replaces with alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, fatty alcohol according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Polyoxyethylene ether, Polysorbate 80, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt, One in oleic acid glycol ester, alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, Polyethylene Glycol;Or according on an equal basis Percentage by weight replace with sorbitol monooleate and alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, Polysorbate 80, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt, oleic acid glycol ester, Alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, the mixture of Polyethylene Glycol;All qualified abluent, gained produce Moral character matter there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described oleamide is coconut oil ethylene glycol amide;In the present embodiment, by described cocos nucifera oil Acid ethylene glycol amide according to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., triethanolamine oleate, One in boronation oleamide, oleic acid ethylene glycol amide;Or replace with coconut oil according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Ethylene glycol amide and N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., triethanolamine oleate, boronation oleamide, oleic acid ethylene glycol acyl The mixture of amine;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described alcohols is n-butyl alcohol;In the present embodiment, by described n-butyl alcohol according to equivalent weight Percentage ratio replaces with the one in isopropanol, ethanol, lauryl alcohol, ethylene glycol, glycerol;Or according on an equal basis Percentage by weight replaces with n-butyl alcohol and isopropanol, ethanol, lauryl alcohol, ethylene glycol, the mixture of glycerol, All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described carbonate is sodium bicarbonate;In the present embodiment, by sodium bicarbonate according to equal weight Amount percentage ratio replaces with the one in potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate, Borax, sodium hydroxide;Or press Sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate, Borax, hydrogen-oxygen is replaced with according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Change the mixture of sodium;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, during use by clean time heating, scrub, The modes such as spray, vibration or ultrasound wave make greasy dirt depart from surface of the work as early as possible, thus are distributed in cleanout fluid, Nonflammable, to operator's nonhazardous, there is preferable Safety and Environmental Protection, nothing corrosion-free to metal surface Damage, aluminum alloy part clean surface, light and no color differnece.
Embodiment four
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, abluent includes following components by weight percentage: 6% alcohol ether carboxylate, 6% polycarboxylate, 20% ether surfactants, 10% oleamide, 2.5% diethanol Amine, 2.5% triethanolamine, 0.5% benzoate, 1.5% polyglycolic acids salt, 2.5% carbonate, 0.3% boron Sand, 0.4% sodium hydroxide, 6% alcohols, remaining add to 100% for deionized water.
In the present embodiment, described polycarboxylate is hydroxy acid sodium;In the present embodiment, by described hydroxyl second Acid sodium replaces with tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, sodium citrate, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid according to equivalent weight percentage ratio One in disodium;Or according to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with hydroxy acid sodium and tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, Sodium citrate, the mixture of disodiumedetate, all qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character without Significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described ether surfactants is Polysorbate 80;This In embodiment, Polysorbate 80 is replaced with according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, sorbitol monooleate, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid first One in ester ethanolamine salt, oleic acid glycol ester, alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, Polyethylene Glycol; Or replace with Polysorbate 80 and alkyl phenol polyoxy second according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Alkene ether, sorbitol monooleate, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt, Oleic acid glycol ester, alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, the mixture of Polyethylene Glycol;All qualified Abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described oleamide is boronation oleamide;In the present embodiment, by described boronation oleamide N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, oil triethylenetetraminehexaacetic acid is replaced with according to equivalent weight percentage ratio One in hydramine, oleic acid ethylene glycol amide;Or according to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with boronation oleamide with N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, triethanolamine oleate, oleic acid ethylene glycol amide mixed Compound;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described alcohols is lauryl alcohol;In the present embodiment, by described lauryl alcohol according to equivalent weight Percentage ratio replaces with the one in isopropanol, n-butyl alcohol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, glycerol;Or according on an equal basis Percentage by weight replaces with lauryl alcohol and isopropanol, n-butyl alcohol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, the mixture of glycerol, All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described carbonate is potassium bicarbonate;In the present embodiment, by potassium bicarbonate according to equal weight Amount percentage ratio replaces with the one in potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, Borax, sodium hydroxide;Or press Potassium bicarbonate and potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, Borax, hydrogen-oxygen is replaced with according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Change the mixture of sodium;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, during use by clean time heating, scrub, The modes such as spray, vibration or ultrasound wave make greasy dirt depart from surface of the work as early as possible, thus are distributed in cleanout fluid, Nonflammable, to operator's nonhazardous, there is preferable Safety and Environmental Protection, nothing corrosion-free to metal surface Damage, aluminum alloy part clean surface, light and no color differnece, follow-up electrodepositable.
Embodiment five
The abluent of the present embodiment includes following components by weight percentage: 10% alcohol ether carboxylate, more than 6% yuan Carboxylate, 20% ether surfactants, 7.5% oleamide, 2.5% diethanolamine, 2.5% triethanolamine, 0.5% Benzoate, 1.2% polyglycolic acids salt, 2.5% carbonate, 1.5% Borax, 0.1% sodium hydroxide, 10% Alcohols, remaining add to 100% for deionized water.
In the present embodiment, described polycarboxylate is in disodiumedetate, the present embodiment, by described Disodiumedetate according to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with tetrasodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, sodium citrate, One in hydroxy acid sodium;Or replace with disodiumedetate and second two according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Amine tetraacethyl four sodium, sodium citrate, the mixture of hydroxy acid sodium, all qualified abluent, gained produce Moral character matter is without significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described ether surfactants is nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt;This enforcement In example, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt is replaced with alkyl phenol according to equivalent weight percentage ratio and gathers Oxygen vinyl Ether, sorbitol monooleate, Polysorbate 80, fatty alcohol polyoxy One in vinyl Ether, oleic acid glycol ester, alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, Polyethylene Glycol;Or According to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt and alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, Sorbitol monooleate, Polysorbate 80, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, oil Acid glycol ester, alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, the mixture of Polyethylene Glycol;All qualified clear Lotion, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described oleamide is oleic acid ethylene glycol amide;In the present embodiment, by described oleic acid second Two alkylolamides according to equivalent weight percentage ratio replace with N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, One in boronation oleamide, triethanolamine oleate;Or replace with oleic acid second two according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Alkylolamides and N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, boronation oleamide, triethanolamine oleate Mixture;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described alcohols is ethylene glycol;In the present embodiment, by described ethylene glycol according to equivalent weight Percentage ratio replaces with the one in isopropanol, n-butyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, ethanol, glycerol;Or according on an equal basis Percentage by weight replaces with ethylene glycol and isopropanol, n-butyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, ethanol, the mixture of glycerol, All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
In the present embodiment, described carbonate is Borax;In the present embodiment, by Borax according to equivalent weight percentage ratio Replace with the one in potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide;Or according to same Borax and potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide is replaced with Deng percentage by weight Mixture;All qualified abluent, products obtained therefrom character there is no significant difference.
The aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present embodiment, during use by clean time heating, scrub, The modes such as spray, vibration or ultrasound wave make greasy dirt depart from surface of the work as early as possible, thus are distributed in cleanout fluid, Nonflammable, to operator's nonhazardous, there is preferable Safety and Environmental Protection, nothing corrosion-free to metal surface Damage, aluminum alloy part clean surface, light and no color differnece, follow-up electrodepositable.
As can be seen here, the aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent of the present invention, with polycarboxylate, alcohol ether surface Activating agent is main active agent, with oleamide, polyglycolic acids salt for lubrication protection synergist, benzoate, Basic salts etc. are builder, and alcohols and deionized water are solvent, and alkalescence aqueous-base cleaning has strong osmotic Ability, can penetrate cleaning materials bottom, can dissolve rapidly removing and be attached to the various dirts of metal surface and miscellaneous Matter, without redeposited phenomenon during cleaning, cleaning process is corrosion-free to metal surface, not damaged, gold after cleaning Metal surface is clean, bright, does not corrode aluminum alloy part itself, and cleaning speed is fast, and surface quality is good, protects The machining accuracy of barrier aluminium alloy, does not corrode aluminum alloy part itself, does not have inflammable and explosive characteristic during use, And working environment is not resulted in bigger harmful effect, without harm rings such as nitrite, phenol, formaldehyde Border material, nonflammable, to operator's nonhazardous, there is preferable Safety and Environmental Protection, improve processing environment And sanitary condition, it is possible to preferably it is carried out effect, is beneficial to improve work efficiency, cleaned aluminum is closed Gold the follow-up electrodepositable of parts, clean low cost, high financial profit, during use by clean time heating, Scrub, spray, vibrate or the mode such as ultrasound wave makes greasy dirt depart from surface of the work as early as possible, thus be distributed to clear In washing liquid, nonflammable, to operator's nonhazardous, there is preferable Safety and Environmental Protection.
In above-described embodiment, the preparation of abluent all uses ordinary skill in the art means to prepare, i.e. Can stir by above-mentioned raw materials is added in reaction vessel by proportioning, stand, the present invention Abluent.And for above technique effect, the proportioning of embodiment one and technological parameter, using effect is best, It is substantially better than other embodiments, for most preferably.
Finally illustrate, above example only in order to technical scheme to be described and unrestricted, although With reference to preferred embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that, Technical scheme can be modified or equivalent, without deviating from technical solution of the present invention Objective and scope, it all should be contained in the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (5)

1. an aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent, it is characterised in that: abluent raw materials by weight Including following components: 2-10% alcohol ether carboxylate, 2-10% polycarboxylate, 5-20% ether surfactants, 5-10% oleamide, 1-2.5% diethanolamine, 1-2.5% triethanolamine, 0.5-2% benzoate, 0.5-4% Polyglycolic acids salt, 1.5-4% carbonate, 0.5-3% Borax, 0.1-0.6% sodium hydroxide, 2-10% alcohols, Deionized water adds to 100%;Described polycarboxylate is disodiumedetate, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid four The mixture of sodium;Described carbonate is sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, Borax, hydrogen One or more mixture in sodium oxide.
Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: abluent Raw materials by weight includes following components: 6% alcohol ether carboxylate, 6% polycarboxylate, 12% alcohol ether surface Activating agent, 7.5% oleamide, 1.75% diethanolamine, 1.75% triethanolamine, 1.2% benzoate, more than 4% Hydroxyl acetate, 4% carbonate, 3% Borax, 0.6% sodium hydroxide, 6% alcohols, remaining adds for deionized water To 100%.
Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described alcohol Ether surface active agent be fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, alkylphenol polyoxyethylene, sorbitol monooleate, Polysorbate 80, nonyl phenol ether phosphoric acid methyl ester ethanolamine salt, oleic acid glycol ester, One or more mixture in alkylpolyoxyethylene sodium sulfate, Polyethylene Glycol.
Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described oil Amide be triethanolamine oleate, N-Oleoylsarcosine 18-amine., coconut oil ethylene glycol amide, boronation oleamide, One or more mixture in oleic acid ethylene glycol amide.
Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described alcohol Class is one or more in ethanol, isopropanol, n-butyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, ethylene glycol, glycerol Mixture.
CN201310561533.2A 2013-11-12 2013-11-12 Aluminum alloy part aqueous cleaning agent CN103590059B (en)

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