CN105040013A - Environment-friendly and efficient cleaning process for metal parts - Google Patents

Environment-friendly and efficient cleaning process for metal parts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105040013A
CN105040013A CN201510440342.XA CN201510440342A CN105040013A CN 105040013 A CN105040013 A CN 105040013A CN 201510440342 A CN201510440342 A CN 201510440342A CN 105040013 A CN105040013 A CN 105040013A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
metal parts
efficiency
friendly
environment
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Application number
CN201510440342.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
付冲
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苏州华冲精密机械有限公司
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Priority to CN201510440342.XA priority Critical patent/CN105040013A/en
Publication of CN105040013A publication Critical patent/CN105040013A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an environment-friendly and efficient cleaning process for metal parts. The cleaning process includes the following steps of (a) preparation of effective water-based cleaning agents, (b) cleaning by ultrasound with the water-based cleaning agents, (c) rinsing by ultrasound with pure water and (d) dehydration and drying treatment. The environment-friendly and efficient cleaning process for metal parts is non-toxic, harmless and easy and convenient to implement, not only improves the work efficiency of cleaning metal parts, but also guarantees a high-quality cleaning effect.

Description

A kind of metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cleaning, particularly relate to a kind of metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency, belong to Machining Technology field.
Background technology
Metal parts is before processing, and surface exists the slushing oil of one deck based on mineral oil and machining greasy dirt usually, needs to carry out clean before following process.At present, conventional clean-out system has solvent-borne type, half solvent-borne type and aq. type etc., and wherein, aqueous cleaning agent production cost is lower, cleaning performance good, is widely used.But aqueous cleaning agent is not enough below metal parts cleaning process also ubiquity: the foam of generation is more, is unfavorable for cleaning; Mostly containing nitrite, phosphoric acid salt, silicate etc., human body and environment are had to the composition of harm; Enter the emulsified dispersion of scavenging solution after greasy dirt is cleaned, be not easy to be separated, cause the wasting of resources.
At present, metal parts cleaning adopts ultrasonic cleaning technology mostly, and this cleaning technique has the following advantages: can significantly improve by the cleanliness factor of clean metal piece surface; Can reduce the labour intensity of clean-out operation, cleaning speed is fast, and effect is high; Environmental pollution is little.But existing metal parts ultrasonic cleaning process in use also has the following disadvantages: it is not thorough that piece surface dirt removed by the clean-out system 1) adopted, produce certain corrosion to by cleaning components, affect the quality of product; 2) the dilution volume ratio of clean-out system is selected unreasonable, affects cleaning performance; 3) cleaning temperature selects undue influence cleaning speed; 4) adopt water quality poor in rinse cycle, the cleaning performance impact of impurities in water on part is larger.
Summary of the invention
For the demand, the invention provides a kind of metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency, this cleaning is nontoxic, be easy to implement, not only substantially increase the working efficiency of clean metal part, and ensure that high-quality cleaning performance.
The present invention is a kind of metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency, and described cleaning comprises the steps: a) to prepare high-efficiency water-base clean-out system, and b) ultrasonic wave adds aqueous cleaning agent cleaning, and c) ultrasonic wave adds pure water rinsing, d) dewatered drying process.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step a), the composition that high-efficiency water-base clean-out system comprises and weight percent are: compound surfactant 8%, sodium carbonate 1%, borax 1%, trolamine 5%, EDETATE SODIUM 3%, organosilicon 1%, deionized water 81%.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, 1:1 is composite in mass ratio forms by anion surfactant alkyl glycoside and nonionogenic tenside fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether for described compound surfactant.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step b), the processing condition that ultrasonic wave adds aqueous cleaning agent cleaning are: aqueous-base cleaning dilution agent volume ratio 3.5 ~ 5%, rinse liquid temperature 45 ~ 55 DEG C, scavenging period 3 ~ 5min.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step c), the processing condition that ultrasonic wave adds pure water rinsing are: pure water temperature 40 ~ 50 DEG C, rinsing time 8 ~ 10min.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step d), dewatered drying process adopts the compound drying mode of cold wind predry and hot-air seasoning, and bake out temperature is 60 ~ 70 DEG C.
Present invention is disclosed a kind of metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency, this cleaning is nontoxic, be easy to implement, not only substantially increase the working efficiency of clean metal part, and ensure that high-quality cleaning performance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Fig. 1 is the process figure of the metal parts cleaning of embodiment of the present invention environment-friendly high-efficiency.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the process figure of the metal parts cleaning of embodiment of the present invention environment-friendly high-efficiency; This cleaning comprises the steps: a) to prepare high-efficiency water-base clean-out system, and b) ultrasonic wave adds aqueous cleaning agent cleaning, and c) ultrasonic wave adds pure water rinsing, d) dewatered drying process.
The metal parts cleaning of the environment-friendly high-efficiency that the present invention mentions has been selected environment-protecting asepsis, has been had the high-efficiency water-base clean-out system of excellent oil removing scavenging effect and antirust, anti-corrosive performance, this high-efficiency water-base clean-out system is based on compound surfactant, formulated by adding each analog assistant.Wherein, 1:1 is composite in mass ratio forms by anion surfactant alkyl glycoside and nonionogenic tenside fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether for compound surfactant; Auxiliary agent comprises builder sodium carbonate, sanitas borax, inhibiter trolamine, sequestrant EDETATE SODIUM, defoamer organosilicon.This metal parts cleaning have employed ultrasonic wave and to heat cleaning technique, impacts metal parts surface contaminants by physical force and clean-out system simultaneously, effectively destroys the adhesion of dirt and metal, achieves good cleaning performance; Changing dirt character by rationally improving rinse liquid temperature, accelerating dirt particles motion, promoting the balance between metal, clean-out system and dirt, improve cleaning speed.Secondary pollution after cleaning to prevent aqueous cleaning agent, this cleaning carries out rinsing process to metal parts in time, carries out dewatered drying process in time after rinsing, ensure that thoroughly, effectively removes metal parts surface smut.
Embodiment 1
Concrete preparation method is as follows:
A) prepare high-efficiency water-base clean-out system, first at room temperature by alkyl glycoside and fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether in mass ratio 1:1 put into magnetic stirring apparatus and mix, make compound surfactant; Then take respectively by weight percentage the compound surfactant of 8%, 1% sodium carbonate, the borax of 1%, trolamine, the EDETATE SODIUM of 3%, the organosilicon of 1% of 5%, they are put into container mix, add the deionized water of 81% again, continue to be uniformly mixed until form transparent solution, obtained high-efficiency water-base clean-out system.
B) ultrasonic wave adds aqueous cleaning agent cleaning, first by the high-efficiency water-base clean-out system thin up of preparation, obtain the scavenging solution that concentration is 3.5%, again scavenging solution is heated to 45 DEG C, then metal parts is immersed in scavenging solution, the Ultrasonic Cleaners of employing power 400W, frequency 25kHz carries out ultrasonic cleaning, and scavenging period is 3min.
C) ultrasonic wave adds pure water rinsing, first pure water is heated to 40 DEG C, then immerses in pure water by metal parts, and the Ultrasonic Cleaners of employing power 400W, frequency 25kHz carries out ultrasonic rinsing, and rinsing time is 8min.
D) dewatered drying process, first carries out the pre-dry-cure of cold wind to metal parts, then under the bake out temperature of 60 DEG C, carries out hot-air seasoning process to metal parts, until metal parts surface is fully dry.
Embodiment 2
Concrete preparation method is as follows:
A) prepare high-efficiency water-base clean-out system, first at room temperature by alkyl glycoside and fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether in mass ratio 1:1 put into magnetic stirring apparatus and mix, make compound surfactant; Then take respectively by weight percentage the compound surfactant of 8%, 1% sodium carbonate, the borax of 1%, trolamine, the EDETATE SODIUM of 3%, the organosilicon of 1% of 5%, they are put into container mix, add the deionized water of 81% again, continue to be uniformly mixed until form transparent solution, obtained high-efficiency water-base clean-out system.
B) ultrasonic wave adds aqueous cleaning agent cleaning, first by the high-efficiency water-base clean-out system thin up of preparation, obtain the scavenging solution that concentration is 5%, again scavenging solution is heated to 55 DEG C, then metal parts is immersed in scavenging solution, the Ultrasonic Cleaners of employing power 400W, frequency 25kHz carries out ultrasonic cleaning, and scavenging period is 5min.
C) ultrasonic wave adds pure water rinsing, first pure water is heated to 50 DEG C, then immerses in pure water by metal parts, and the Ultrasonic Cleaners of employing power 400W, frequency 25kHz carries out ultrasonic rinsing, and rinsing time is 10min.
D) dewatered drying process, first carries out the pre-dry-cure of cold wind to metal parts, then under the bake out temperature of 70 DEG C, carries out hot-air seasoning process to metal parts, until metal parts surface is fully dry.
Present invention is disclosed a kind of metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency, this cleaning is nontoxic, be easy to implement, not only substantially increase the working efficiency of clean metal part, and ensure that high-quality cleaning performance.
The above; be only the specific embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; any those of ordinary skill in the art are in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention; the change can expected without creative work or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain that protection scope of the present invention should limit with claims is as the criterion.

Claims (6)

1. a metal parts cleaning for environment-friendly high-efficiency, is characterized in that, described cleaning comprises the steps: a) to prepare high-efficiency water-base clean-out system, and b) ultrasonic wave adds aqueous cleaning agent cleaning, and c) ultrasonic wave adds pure water rinsing, d) dewatered drying process.
2. the metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step a), the composition that high-efficiency water-base clean-out system comprises and weight percent are: compound surfactant 8%, sodium carbonate 1%, borax 1%, trolamine 5%, EDETATE SODIUM 3%, organosilicon 1%, deionized water 81%.
3. the metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, 1:1 is composite in mass ratio forms by anion surfactant alkyl glycoside and nonionogenic tenside fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether for described compound surfactant.
4. the metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step b), the processing condition that ultrasonic wave adds aqueous cleaning agent cleaning are: aqueous-base cleaning dilution agent volume ratio 3.5 ~ 5%, rinse liquid temperature 45 ~ 55 DEG C, scavenging period 3 ~ 5min.
5. the metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step c), the processing condition that ultrasonic wave adds pure water rinsing are: pure water temperature 40 ~ 50 DEG C, rinsing time 8 ~ 10min.
6. the metal parts cleaning of environment-friendly high-efficiency according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step d), dewatered drying process adopts the compound drying mode of cold wind predry and hot-air seasoning, and bake out temperature is 60 ~ 70 DEG C.
CN201510440342.XA 2015-07-24 2015-07-24 Environment-friendly and efficient cleaning process for metal parts CN105040013A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106540918A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-03-29 江阴力源电子有限公司 Breaker contact point cleaning
CN106637263A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-10 常州工程职业技术学院 Environment-friendly aluminum alloy normal temperature water-based cleaning agent and application thereof
CN106947979A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-07-14 广州亦盛环保科技有限公司 A kind of magnadure cleaning agent
CN107313054A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-03 安徽凯密克企业管理咨询有限公司 A kind of cleaning of piston of automobile
CN107630222A (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-26 天津市澳路浦润滑科技股份有限公司 A kind of low bubble water base metal cleaning agent
CN109107984A (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-01 北京航空航天大学 A kind of electrostatic kitchen fumes purification assembly cleaning method and device
CN109972153A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-07-05 武汉钢铁有限公司 It is a kind of for cleaning the degreasing agent of surface of steel plate
CN110629234A (en) * 2019-09-26 2019-12-31 麦达可尔(湖北)工业有限公司 Non-ferrous metal cleaning agent and method for cleaning non-ferrous metal parts

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CN101368134A (en) * 2007-08-15 2009-02-18 江苏海迅实业集团股份有限公司 Metallic material surface detergent
CN103590059A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-02-19 东莞市安美润滑科技有限公司 Water-based cleaning agent for aluminum alloy part
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CN103590059A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-02-19 东莞市安美润滑科技有限公司 Water-based cleaning agent for aluminum alloy part
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107630222A (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-26 天津市澳路浦润滑科技股份有限公司 A kind of low bubble water base metal cleaning agent
CN106540918A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-03-29 江阴力源电子有限公司 Breaker contact point cleaning
CN106637263A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-10 常州工程职业技术学院 Environment-friendly aluminum alloy normal temperature water-based cleaning agent and application thereof
CN106637263B (en) * 2016-12-27 2019-02-05 常州工程职业技术学院 A kind of environment-friendly type Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature aqueous cleaning agent and its application
CN106947979A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-07-14 广州亦盛环保科技有限公司 A kind of magnadure cleaning agent
CN107313054A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-03 安徽凯密克企业管理咨询有限公司 A kind of cleaning of piston of automobile
CN109107984A (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-01 北京航空航天大学 A kind of electrostatic kitchen fumes purification assembly cleaning method and device
CN109972153A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-07-05 武汉钢铁有限公司 It is a kind of for cleaning the degreasing agent of surface of steel plate
CN110629234A (en) * 2019-09-26 2019-12-31 麦达可尔(湖北)工业有限公司 Non-ferrous metal cleaning agent and method for cleaning non-ferrous metal parts

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