CN103525804B - A kind of biological treating agent for refuse degradation - Google Patents

A kind of biological treating agent for refuse degradation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103525804B
CN103525804B CN201310537798.9A CN201310537798A CN103525804B CN 103525804 B CN103525804 B CN 103525804B CN 201310537798 A CN201310537798 A CN 201310537798A CN 103525804 B CN103525804 B CN 103525804B
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parts
agent
rubbish
degradation
bacillus
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CN103525804A (en
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李佩佩
苑伟伟
王鹏
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Qingdao Vland Biotech Group Co Ltd
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Qingdao Vland Biotech Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to microorganisms technical fields, specifically provide a kind of biological treating agent for refuse degradation.The biological treatment agent passes through the collective effect of Bacillus cercus, lactobacillus acidophilus, bacillus stearothermophilus, pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and saccharomyces cerevisiae and carrier, energy efficient degradation house refuse, especially kitchen garbage, degradation rate reaches 85%, it can be widely applied to the centralized processing of rubbish, be conducive to better people's living environment, pollution abatement.

Description

A kind of biological treating agent for refuse degradation
Technical field
The present invention relates to microorganisms technical fields, and in particular to a kind of biological treating agent for refuse degradation.
Background technique
With the development of economy, the surge of population and the raising of living standards of the people, the yield of domestic waste with Day all increases, and points out in " middle state-two's Pius XI circle agenda " white paper: " whole nation house refuse storage over the years has 200 up to more than 60 hundred million tons A city is fallen into rubbish encirclement." according to statistics, China's municipal refuse growth rate is greater than 10%, more than the whole world average 8.42% Average annual growth rate.How so huge domestic waste is handled well, it has also become the problem of whole world extensive concern.Together When house refuse bring environmental pollution and Close-knit Habitation situation the problems such as deteriorating, also being asked as countries in the world common concerns Topic, it also becomes the obstacle for restricting Chinese society and sustainable economic development.Therefore, the processing of rubbish is towards minimizing, harmless Change and to develop be our countermeasure in the direction of recycling.
The major way of processing rubbish has sanitary landfills, Composting, burning both at home and abroad at present, wherein first two processing mode Belong to biologic treating technique.Specifically, this rubbish biological processing technique is exactly intrinsic or outer in domestic waste The microorganism of addition carries out a series of biochemical reaction under certain control condition, so that unstable organic in rubbish Releasability or it is converted into new cellular material after object metabolism, so that rubbish gradually reaches a stabilized biochemical process.
The microorganisms such as the widely distributed bacterium of nature, actinomyces, fungi controlledly promote biodegradable to have The Biochemical processes that machine object is converted to stable humic ultimately form similar humus, can be used as the improvement of fertilizer or soil Agent.Composting technology is to realize Changing Urban Garbage into Resources, an innoxious important channel, it can not only kill the disease in rubbish The organic matter in rubbish is effectively treated in opportunistic pathogen, increases the organic component in soil, and can produce organic fertilizer, is conducive to increase Add farm output.
But original microbial degradation rubbish in nature is only relied only on, the period is too long, and efficiency is poor, therefore now right In the method that the processing of rubbish generallys use addition high concentration microorganism microbial inoculum, treatment effeciency can not only be greatly improved, and right Environment is safe from harm.But the selection of strain is to restrict the key point of garbage treatment efficiency and studied both at home and abroad at present One of hot spot.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is to solve prior art problem, a kind of biological treating agent for refuse degradation is provided, by a variety of Effective combination of microorganism and carrier, the organic substance in the house refuse that can effectively degrade, especially kitchen garbage, thus Garbage odor can significantly be mitigated, bettered people's living environment.
One aspect of the present invention is related to a kind of biological treatment agent, is made of microbial bacterial agent and carrier.
The mass ratio of microbial bacterial agent and carrier is 1-2:4-6 in above-mentioned biological treatment agent.
The microbial bacterial agent by Bacillus cercus (Bacillus cereus), lactobacillus acidophilus (Lactobacillus acidophilus), bacillus stearothermophilus (Bacillus stearothermophilus ), class Pseudomonas alcaligenes (Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes ) and saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) composition.
The each component and its mass ratio of the microbial bacterial agent are respectively as follows: 30-100 parts of Bacillus cercus, acidophilus cream bar 100-300 parts of bacterium, 100-150 parts of bacillus stearothermophilus, 50-120 parts of pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and saccharomyces cerevisiae 80-150 Part.
The each component and its mass ratio of the microbial bacterial agent are respectively preferably: 80 parts of Bacillus cercus, acidophilus cream bar 230 parts of bacterium, 120 parts of bacillus stearothermophilus, 85 parts of pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and 110 parts of saccharomyces cerevisiae.
The preferred Bacillus cercus CGMCC1.2238 of each component, lactobacillus acidophilus in the microbial bacterial agent CGMCC1.1878, bacillus stearothermophilus CGMCC1.1145, pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes CGMCC1.2328 and saccharomyces cerevisiae CGMCC2.3868。
Above-mentioned carrier is made of straw powder and zeolite, mass ratio 3:2-4.
Another aspect of the present invention provides a kind of microbial treatment method of house refuse, includes the following steps:
1) a certain amount of above-mentioned biological treatment agent is weighed, water is added by the 200-300% of its weight, is stirred in blender equal It is even to get waste disposal agent;
2) waste disposal agent made from step 1) is launched as in garbage machine according to the 10-20% of garbage weight, 200rpm is stirred It mixes uniformly;
3) it ferments 24-36 hours, adds the new rubbish of 10% initial weight, 200rpm is stirred evenly;
4) operation 3-5 times of step 3) is repeated;
5) waste disposal agent for adding 10-20% initial weight continues garbage degradation processing, such circulate operation.
Beneficial effect
Biological treatment agent microbial inoculum provided by the invention passes through Bacillus cercus, lactobacillus acidophilus, stearothermophilus gemma bar The collective effect of bacterium, pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and saccharomyces cerevisiae and carrier, can efficient degradation house refuse, especially kitchen rubbish Rubbish, degradation rate reach 85%.The microbial treatment method of house refuse of the invention, step operation is simple, easily grasps, and to rubbish The good degrading effect of rubbish is conducive to the quick processing and environmental protection of rubbish.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to specific examples.It should be understood that these embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention Rather than it limits the scope of the invention.In addition, it should also be understood that, after having read the contents of the present invention, those skilled in the art can be with Various changes or modification are made to the present invention, such equivalent forms equally fall into model defined by the application the appended claims It encloses.
Various reagents and equipment of the present invention, can be selected from it is commercially available any one;The present invention relates to wax-like in bacterial strain Bacillus is purchased from China General Microbiological preservation administrative center, deposit number CGMCC1.2238;Lactobacillus acidophilus is purchased from China Common micro-organisms preservation administrative center, deposit number CGMCC1.1878;Bacillus stearothermophilus is purchased from China General Microbiological Preservation administrative center, deposit number CGMCC1.1145;Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes are purchased from China General Microbiological preservation management The heart, deposit number CGMCC1.2328;Saccharomyces cerevisiae is purchased from China General Microbiological preservation administrative center, deposit number CGMCC2.3868。
Embodiment 1
A kind of biological treatment agent, is made of microbial bacterial agent and carrier, mass ratio 1:4.Wherein microbial bacterial agent Each component and its mass ratio are respectively as follows: 30 parts of Bacillus cercus, 300 parts of lactobacillus acidophilus, bacillus stearothermophilus 100 Part, 120 parts of pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and 80 parts of saccharomyces cerevisiae;Carrier is made of straw powder and zeolite, mass ratio 3:2.
Another aspect of the present invention provides a kind of microbial treatment method of house refuse, includes the following steps:
1) a certain amount of above-mentioned biological treatment agent is weighed, water is added by the 200% of its weight, is stirred evenly in blender, i.e., Obtain waste disposal agent;
2) waste disposal agent made from step 1) is launched as in garbage machine according to the 10% of garbage weight, 200rpm is stirred Uniformly;
3) it ferments 24 hours, adds the new rubbish of 10% initial weight, 200rpm is stirred evenly;
4) operation 3 times of step 3) are repeated;
5) waste disposal agent for adding 10% initial weight continues garbage degradation processing, such circulate operation.
Embodiment 2
A kind of biological treatment agent, is made of microbial bacterial agent and carrier, mass ratio 1:6.Wherein microbial bacterial agent Each component and its mass ratio are respectively as follows: 100 parts of Bacillus cercus, 100 parts of lactobacillus acidophilus, bacillus stearothermophilus 150 Part, 50 parts of pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and 150 parts of saccharomyces cerevisiae;Carrier is made of straw powder and zeolite, mass ratio 3:4.
Another aspect of the present invention provides a kind of microbial treatment method of house refuse, includes the following steps:
1) a certain amount of above-mentioned biological treatment agent is weighed, water is added by the 300% of its weight, is stirred evenly in blender, i.e., Obtain waste disposal agent;
2) waste disposal agent made from step 1) is launched as in garbage machine according to the 20% of garbage weight, 200rpm is stirred Uniformly;
3) it ferments 36 hours, adds the new rubbish of 10% initial weight, 200rpm is stirred evenly;
4) operation 5 times of step 3) are repeated;
5) waste disposal agent for adding 20% initial weight continues garbage degradation processing, such circulate operation.
Embodiment 3
A kind of biological treatment agent, is made of microbial bacterial agent and carrier, mass ratio 2:5.Wherein microbial bacterial agent Each component and its mass ratio are respectively as follows: 80 parts of Bacillus cercus, 230 parts of lactobacillus acidophilus, bacillus stearothermophilus 120 Part, 85 parts of pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and 110 parts of saccharomyces cerevisiae;Carrier is made of straw powder and zeolite, mass ratio 1:1.
Another aspect of the present invention provides a kind of microbial treatment method of house refuse, includes the following steps:
1) a certain amount of above-mentioned biological treatment agent is weighed, water is added by the 250% of its weight, is stirred evenly in blender, i.e., Obtain waste disposal agent;
2) waste disposal agent made from step 1) is launched as in garbage machine according to the 15% of garbage weight, 200rpm is stirred Uniformly;
3) it ferments 30 hours, adds the new rubbish of 10% initial weight, 200rpm is stirred evenly;
4) operation 4 times of step 3) are repeated;
5) waste disposal agent for adding 15% initial weight continues garbage degradation processing, such circulate operation.
The microorganism treatment of 4 house refuse of embodiment
The leftover in house refuse selection dining room;
Above-mentioned biological treatment agent is weighed according to the 10% of garbage weight, the water of two volumes is added, after mixing evenly, is launched Enter in garbage machine, 200rpm is stirred evenly;Fermentation 24 hours, adds the new rubbish of 10% initial weight, and 200rpm stirring is equal It is even;It repeats aforesaid operations 3 times.
Above-mentioned rubbish initial weight is 50kg, and garbage weight is 22.5kg after processing.
Garbage degradation rate=(weight+inorganic agent weight+water weight after initial weight-processing)/initial weight × 100%.
It is computed, handles rubbish using microbial bacterial agent of the invention, degradation rate is up to 85%.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of biological treatment agent, is made of microbial bacterial agent and carrier, which is characterized in that the microbial bacterial agent and carrier Mass ratio is 1-2:4-6;The microbial bacterial agent is by Bacillus cercus CGMCC1.2238, lactobacillus acidophilus CGMCC1.1878, bacillus stearothermophilus CGMCC1.1145, pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes CGMCC1.2328 and saccharomyces cerevisiae CGMCC2.3868 composition;The microbial bacterial agent each component and its mass ratio are respectively as follows: 30-100 parts of Bacillus cercus, thermophilic 100-300 parts of Lactobacillus lactis, 100-150 parts of bacillus stearothermophilus, 50-120 parts of pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and saccharomyces cerevisiae 80-150 parts.
2. biological treatment agent as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that each component of the microbial bacterial agent and its quality score Not are as follows: 80 parts of Bacillus cercus, 230 parts of lactobacillus acidophilus, 120 parts of bacillus stearothermophilus, pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes 85 Part and 110 parts of saccharomyces cerevisiae.
3. biological treatment agent as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the carrier is made of straw powder and zeolite, quality Than for 3:2-4.
4. application of the biological treatment agent described in any of the above-described claim in garbage disposal.
CN201310537798.9A 2013-11-05 2013-11-05 A kind of biological treating agent for refuse degradation Active CN103525804B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104307841B (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-03-16 广东源盛生态环保科技有限公司 A kind of low cost kills the method that house refuse infects pathogeny
CN105802873A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-07-27 重庆医科大学 Pseudomonas alcaligenes for efficiently degrading dexamethasone and application thereof
CN105368741A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-02 扬州科汇生态工程技术有限公司 Complex microbial inoculant, method for preparing same and application of complex microbial inoculant
CN110343631A (en) * 2019-05-06 2019-10-18 南开大学 A kind of kitchen garbage bio-fermentation agents and application

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CN101358171A (en) * 2008-09-26 2009-02-04 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Complex bacteria for preprocessing of restaurant garbage, preparation method and application thereof
CN101948756A (en) * 2010-09-16 2011-01-19 江门市汉宇电器有限公司 High-efficient restaurant-kitchen waste degrading microorganism bacterial agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN102409034A (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-04-11 广州舒国生物科技有限公司 Composite microbial agent capable of degrading kitchen waste at normal temperature, its preparation method and its application
CN102533718A (en) * 2012-03-13 2012-07-04 无锡丰陆环保科技有限公司 Composite bacterial agent for efficiently degrading kitchen garbage, and preparation method and application thereof
CN102985392A (en) * 2010-03-23 2013-03-20 比奥麦克斯私人控股有限公司 Treatment of organic waste

Patent Citations (6)

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CN1370829A (en) * 2001-02-27 2002-09-25 广州天蔚生物技术有限公司 Bacterial spawn for treating domestic organic garbage
CN101358171A (en) * 2008-09-26 2009-02-04 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Complex bacteria for preprocessing of restaurant garbage, preparation method and application thereof
CN102985392A (en) * 2010-03-23 2013-03-20 比奥麦克斯私人控股有限公司 Treatment of organic waste
CN101948756A (en) * 2010-09-16 2011-01-19 江门市汉宇电器有限公司 High-efficient restaurant-kitchen waste degrading microorganism bacterial agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN102409034A (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-04-11 广州舒国生物科技有限公司 Composite microbial agent capable of degrading kitchen waste at normal temperature, its preparation method and its application
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