CN103464647A - Full-automatic resistor bending machine and resistor bending method - Google Patents

Full-automatic resistor bending machine and resistor bending method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103464647A
CN103464647A CN2013103956830A CN201310395683A CN103464647A CN 103464647 A CN103464647 A CN 103464647A CN 2013103956830 A CN2013103956830 A CN 2013103956830A CN 201310395683 A CN201310395683 A CN 201310395683A CN 103464647 A CN103464647 A CN 103464647A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bending
resistance
guide rod
pin
folding
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CN2013103956830A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103464647B (en
Inventor
赵奎
贺保卫
秦晓禹
王华勇
魏立明
王绘忠
庄绪明
张超
鄢西华
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青岛杰瑞自动化有限公司
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Priority to CN201310395683.0A priority Critical patent/CN103464647B/en
Publication of CN103464647A publication Critical patent/CN103464647A/en
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Publication of CN103464647B publication Critical patent/CN103464647B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic resistor bending machine and a resistor bending method. The full-automatic resistor bending machine comprises a feed mechanism, a pressing mechanism, cutter mechanisms, a bending mechanism and a motor. Resistors are conveyed to a preparation table by the feed mechanism; the pressing mechanism is arranged above the preparation table and compresses the resistors on a workbench from the preparation table; the cutter mechanisms are arranged on two sides of the workbench and cut off redundant pins of the resistors; pins of the resistors are bent by the bending mechanism; the feed mechanism, the pressing mechanism, the cutter mechanisms and the bending mechanism are powered by the motor. The full-automatic resistor bending machine and the resistor bending method have the advantages that the pins of the resistors can be automatically and quickly cut off and bent by the full-automatic resistor bending machine, labor is saved, and the production efficiency is improved; the multiple mechanisms are driven to act by the single motor via chains, so that the cost is saved, actions of the various mechanisms are coordinated during production, the production takt can be changed by means of adjusting the rotation speed of the motor, and the production efficiency is improved; action sequences and action moments of the various mechanisms are controlled by the aid of cams, and accordingly can be controlled precisely.

Description

Full automatic resistance bender and resistance bending method
Technical field
The present invention relates to resistance manufacturing technology field, relate in particular to the bending method of a kind of Full automatic resistance bender and resistance.
Background technology
After resistance is produced, all there are two pins, for the ease of transportation, storage etc., the end of two pins be separately fixed in parallel two envelope bands, a plurality of be evenly distributed on envelope with on resistance form resistance material row; Two pins of resistance need to be manufactured to different length and shape according to distinct device afterwards.
The processing of two pins of resistance, originally all employing is manually carried out, and in order to increase operating efficiency, the resistance bender of semi-automatic or hand-rail type occurred.Automanual resistance bender, need artificial loading, starts frequently, and its production efficiency is lower; Its bending mechanism adopts the mode of punching press simultaneously, and the precision of bending is not high, and may cause damage to pin.And the resistance bender of hand-rail type need to manually provide power, its production efficiency is lower.
In addition, existing resistance bender can only be converted into the resistance pin common U-shaped or F type.In fields such as geological prospecting, oil, coal, natural gas, mineral metal products, engineering survey, engineering seismology explorations, especially geology petroleum exploration field, equipment requirement stability is high, and the resistance on apparatus control system need to be bent into pin end and have little curved U-shaped structure.Existing resistance bender can not fold the shape with two bendings, and the U-shaped structure pin that uses existing bender to fold cuts off and the bending quality does not meet the demands.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, propose a kind of Full automatic resistance bender, automatically realize fast the bending of resistance pin, saved manpower, and improved production efficiency.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of Full automatic resistance bender comprises: feeding mechanism is delivered to material preparing table by resistance; Tablet press mechanism, be arranged on the top of material preparing table, and resistance is pressed on workbench from material preparing table; Cutter mechanism, be arranged on the both sides of workbench, and the unnecessary pin of resistance is cut off; Bending mechanism, by the bending of resistance pin; Motor, for described feeding mechanism, tablet press mechanism, cutter mechanism and bending mechanism provide power.
Described Full automatic resistance bender, wherein, described feeding mechanism comprises two feed lead rail and is arranged on two charging gears of described two feed lead rail rear ends.
Further, the distance between two adjacent teeth of described charging gear is the distance between the upper adjacent resistor of resistance material row.
Further, described charging gear is arranged on the first line shaft, and described the first line shaft batch (-type) rotates.
Further, the power intake of described the first line shaft is connected with Geneva mechanism.
Further, described feed lead rail has expanded type entrance and expanded type outlet.
Further, described feed lead rail comprises upper rail and lower guideway, and the charging aperture of described feed lead rail and discharging opening are wedge shape.
Described Full automatic resistance bender, wherein, described tablet press mechanism comprises the compressing tablet that is positioned at workbench the place ahead, the presser cam that is positioned at the compressing tablet guide rod of compressing tablet top and is positioned at described compressing tablet guide rod top, described presser cam is fixed on the second line shaft; Described the second line shaft drives described presser cam and rotates, and then drives described compressing tablet guide rod and compressing tablet moves up and down, and the resistance on material preparing table is pressed on workbench.
Further, described compressing tablet adopts elastomeric material.
Further, the lower end bending of described compressing tablet is stuck up outward.
Further, on described compressing tablet guide rod, spring is housed.
Further, described compressing tablet guide rod upper end is fixed with bearing, described bearing and presser cam Surface Contact.
Described Full automatic resistance bender, wherein, described cutter mechanism comprises upper cutter, cutting knife guide rod, cutting knife cam, described upper cutter is fixed on the below of described cutting knife guide rod, described cutting knife cam is positioned at the top of described cutting knife guide rod, and described cutting knife cam is fixed on the second line shaft, and described the second line shaft drives described cutting knife camming movement, and then drive described cutting knife guide rod and upper cutter moves up and down, utilize upper cutter that the unnecessary pin of resistance is cut off.
Further, described cutter mechanism also comprises lower cutter, and described lower cutter is fixed on the both sides of described workbench, under described upper cutter and lower cutter coordinate, the unnecessary pin of resistance is cut off.
Further, further, described cutting knife guide rod end face has screwed hole, in described screwed hole, is equipped with bolt on described cutting knife guide rod top, and described bolt end face contacts with described cutting knife cam.
Further, described cutting knife cam is column, and the one end is fixed on described the second line shaft, and the other end is fixed with bearing, and described bearing contacts with described cutting knife guide rod.
Described Full automatic resistance bender, wherein, described bending mechanism comprises bending cam, bending guide rod, bending gear structure, bending rotating shaft, bending disk, described bending cam is fixed on the second line shaft, described bending guide rod upper end contacts with described bending cam, described bending lower end of the guide rod connects described bending gear structure, and the bending gear structure also is connected with described bending rotating shaft, and described bending disk is fixed in described bending rotating shaft; Described the second line shaft drives described bending camming movement, moves up and down thereby drive described bending guide rod, and then drives described bending gear structure rotation, finally drives the bending disk and rotates, and completes the bending action to the resistance pin.
Further, described bending lower end of the guide rod is fixed on the first bending gear of described bending gear structure, the second bending gear of described bending gear structure and described the first bending gear engagement, and described the second bending gear is fixed in described bending rotating shaft.
Further, be provided with flexible pin and alignment pin on described bending disk, described flexible pin is positioned at the center of described bending disk, and described alignment pin is fixed on the top of described bending disc centre.
Further, described flexible pin end is connected with flexible pin guide rod, and described flexible pin guide rod end is provided with flexible needle cam, and described flexible needle cam is fixed on the 3rd line shaft; Described the 3rd line shaft drives flexible needle cam and rotates, and then drives described flexible pin guide rod and flexible pin is made stretching motion.
Further, described bending mechanism comprises two little bender structures of folding and two large bender structures of folding, and the little bender structure of described folding is positioned at described cutter mechanism inboard, and the large bender structure of described folding is positioned at the little bender structure of described folding inboard.
Further, described workbench is that bending disk by described bending mechanism forms.
Further, described motor is one, adopts adjustable speed-adjustable asynchronous motor.
Further, described Full automatic resistance bender also comprises a driving chain.
Full automatic resistance bender based on above-mentioned, the present invention also provides a kind of resistance bending method, and the method completes the bending of many resistance pin automatically, easily and fast, and high efficiency is time saving and energy saving.
For achieving the above object, resistance bending method of the present invention adopts following technical proposals to realize:
A kind of resistance bending method, comprise the steps:
The motor of step a, starting resistance bender;
Step b, feeding mechanism action are transported to material preparing table by resistance;
Step c, tablet press mechanism action are pressed on resistance workbench from material preparing table;
The unnecessary pin of resistance is cut off in steps d, cutter mechanism action;
Step e, bending mechanism move the bending of resistance pin;
Step f, tablet press mechanism action, resistance breaks away from workbench, completes the pin Forging Process of a resistance;
Step g, repeating step b, to step f, carry out the pin Forging Process of next resistance.
Further, also there is step a0 before step a, resistance material row's both sides, respectively through two feed lead rail, are placed on two pins of the front-seat resistance on resistance material row respectively in the teeth groove of two charging gears afterwards.
Further, also had b0 before step b, motor passes through chain-driving the 3rd line shaft and rotates, and then drives flexible needle cam rotation, thereby the flexible pin guide rod of drive and flexible pin are done extend action, and flexible pin stretches out from the center of bending disk.
Further, in step b, motor rotates by chain-driving sheave structure, and then drives the first line shaft and be fixed on the charging gear rotation on the first line shaft, and now the resistance on the charging gear arrives material preparing table.
Further, in step c, motor rotates by chain-driving the second line shaft, and the second line shaft drives presser cam and rotates, and then drives the compressing tablet guide rod and compressing tablet moves downward, and resistance is pressed on workbench from material preparing table.
Further, in steps d, motor rotates by chain-driving the second line shaft, and the second line shaft drives the cutting knife camming movement, and then drives the cutting knife guide rod and upper cutter moves downward, resistance pin cut-out that will be unnecessary under upper cutter and lower cutter coordinate.
Further, in step e, in step e, at first bending mechanism is rolled over little curved, is rolled over afterwards curved greatly; Motor rotates by chain-driving the second line shaft, the second line shaft drives the little curved camming movement of folding, and then drives the little curved guide rod of folding and move downward, thereby drive the little curved gear structure of folding, rotates, the final little curved disk of folding that drives rotates, and the pin of resistance is rolled over to little curved action; Motor rotates by chain-driving the second line shaft, the second line shaft drives the large curved camming movement of folding, and then drives the large curved guide rod of folding and move downward, thereby drive the large curved gear structure of folding, rotates, the final large curved disk of folding that drives rotates, and the pin of resistance is rolled over to large curved action.
Further, in step f, motor rotates by chain-driving the second line shaft, and the second line shaft drives presser cam and rotates, and then compressing tablet guide rod and compressing tablet move upward under spring action, and the resistance be pressed in work is unclamped; Simultaneously, motor rotates by chain-driving the 3rd line shaft, and then drives flexible needle cam rotation, thereby flexible pin guide rod and flexible pin shrink under spring action, and flexible pin is retracted from the center of bending disk.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present invention and good effect are:
One, Full automatic resistance bender proposed by the invention is realized cut-out and the bending of resistance pin automatically fast, has saved manpower, and has improved production efficiency.
Two, the present invention utilizes a plurality of mechanism actions of chain-driving by a motor, has saved cost, and in producing, each mechanism action is harmonious, just can change productive temp by the rotating speed of adjusting motor simultaneously, enhances productivity.
Three, the present invention has adopted sheave structure and cam, realizes the sequence of movement of each mechanism and the control of actuation time, makes and controls accurately.
After reading the specific embodiment of the present invention by reference to the accompanying drawings, it is clearer that the other features and advantages of the invention will become.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of an embodiment of Full automatic resistance bender proposed by the invention, for having removed the structural representation after shell, motor and driving chain;
Fig. 2 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram of Fig. 2 middle and upper part;
Fig. 4 is near local structure for amplifying schematic diagram workbench in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of rear side in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation on right side in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is near local structure for amplifying schematic diagram sheave in Fig. 6;
Near local structure for amplifying schematic diagram in Fig. 8 Fig. 1 feeding mechanism;
Fig. 9 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram of working table accessory in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of choosing part body in Fig. 1;
Figure 11 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram of a-quadrant in Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the structural representation after the removal tablet press mechanism in 10 figure;
The local structure for amplifying schematic diagram in B zone in Figure 13 Figure 12.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.
At first, to relating to orientation in this specific embodiment, make a brief description: following mention each structural member all around the time, be to define with the position for the user under state.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " be only for describing purpose, and can not be interpreted as indication or hint relative importance.
Consulting Fig. 1-13, is a kind of embodiment of Full automatic resistance bender proposed by the invention, and the Full automatic resistance bender comprises feeding mechanism 1, tablet press mechanism 2, cutter mechanism 3, bending mechanism 4 and motor (indicating in figure); Tablet press mechanism 2 is arranged on the top of material preparing table 6, and cutter mechanism 3 is arranged on the both sides of workbench 10, shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 9.
Motor provides power for each mechanism, and feeding mechanism 1 is delivered to material preparing table 6 by resistance, and tablet press mechanism 2 is pressed on resistance workbench 10 from getting the raw materials ready 6, and cutter mechanism 3 cuts off unnecessary resistance pin, and bending mechanism 4 carries out bending by the resistance pin.Cut-out and bending that the Full automatic resistance bender is realized the resistance pin automatically fast by each mechanism arranged, saved manpower, and improved production efficiency.
In the present embodiment, in the middle of the Full automatic resistance bender, have dividing plate, dividing plate supports together with left plate fixes each mechanism, and feeding mechanism 1, tablet press mechanism 2, cutter mechanism 3, bending mechanism 4 are positioned at the left side of Full automatic resistance bender; Motor is positioned at the right side of full-automatic bending machine, is fixed on motor cabinet 100, and in the present embodiment, motor adopts adjustable speed-adjustable asynchronous motor, and the output of motor has gear, by a chain, to the Full automatic resistance bender, provides power.
Consult Fig. 8, feeding mechanism comprises two feed lead rail 11 and two charging gears 12, and charging gear 12 is arranged on the rear inside of feed lead rail 11.For resistance material, row can pass through feed lead rail 11 smoothly, and feed lead rail 11 is designed with charging aperture 111 and the discharging opening 112 of wedge shape.
For the resistance by feed lead rail 11 enters the teeth groove of charging gear 12, make the straight line at the front end place of two discharging openings 112, i.e. the straight line at the most advanced and sophisticated place of wedge shape, be positioned at the teeth groove of charging gear 12.Arrive like this resistance of discharging opening 112, the pin at its two ends just enters in the teeth groove of charging gear 12.
For resistance material row's smooth charging, the distance between two adjacent teeth of decision design charging gear 12 goes up the distance between adjacent resistor for resistance material row, and charging gear 12 distance of a tooth of at every turn advancing like this, for material preparing table 6 provides a resistance.
For the Full automatic resistance bender can continue automatic work, feeding mechanism 1 need to provide resistance in the incipient stage of each resistance work period, so charging gear 12 needs batch (-type) to rotate, charging gear 12 is fixed on the first line shaft 7, thereby the first line shaft 7 should rotate by batch (-type).
Consult Fig. 6-7, at the right-hand member of the first line shaft 7, have gear 71, the chain of motor is by transmission of power to gear 722, and motor train bar driven gear 722 continues to rotate, and gear 722 connects gear 71 by the sheave structure, and gear 71 batch (-type)s are rotated.
Gear 722 is fixed on axle 72, and axle 72 is fixed on dividing plate, also is fixed with disk 721 on axle 72, is fixed with pin 7211 on disk 721; Pin 7211 coordinates with sheave 731, and when pin 7211 enters in the groove of sheave 731, pin 7211 drives sheaves 731 and rotates; When pin 7211 leaves the groove of sheave 731, sheave 731 stops operating.
Sheave 731 is fixed on axle 73, and axle 73 is fixed on dividing plate, on axle 73, also is fixed with and gear 71 meshed gears.Chain-driving gear 722 rotates like this, gear 722 rotates with the disk 721 on moving axis 72 and axle 72, pin 7211 on disk 721 is also followed rotation, thereby pin 7211 drives sheave 731 batch (-type)s and rotates, sheave 731 rotates with the gear batch (-type) on moving axis 73 and axle 73, thereby driven gear 71 batch (-type)s rotate.
Consult Fig. 2-4 and Figure 10-11, tablet press mechanism 2 comprises compressing tablet 21, compressing tablet guide rod 22, presser cam 23, and compressing tablet 21 is positioned at the place ahead of workbench 10, is positioned at the top of material preparing table 6; Compressing tablet 21 is fixed on the lower end of compressing tablet guide rod 22, and presser cam 23 is positioned at the top of compressing tablet guide rod 22, and presser cam 23 is fixed on the second line shaft 8.
The left side of the second line shaft 8 is fixed with gear 81, motor train bar driven gear 81 rotates, the presser cam 23 that gear 81 drives on the second line shafts 8 and the second line shaft 8 rotates, and then drives compressing tablet guide rod 22 and move up and down, thereby drive the compressing tablet 21 that is fixed on compressing tablet guide rod 22 lower ends, moves up and down.
For workbench 10 be caught and be taken to the compressing tablet 21 moved up and down can by the resistance on material preparing table 6, the lower end bending of design compressing tablet 21 is stuck up outward, referring to Figure 11.For compressing tablet 21 can be pressed in resistance workbench 10, complete the work of cut-out and bending, and avoid compressing tablet 21 damage resistance, so compressing tablet 21 is selected elastomeric materials.
When compressing tablet 21 moves downward, stick up the front that part arrives resistance outside the lower end of compressing tablet 21, when compressing tablet 21 moves upward, drive resistance and arrive workbench 10 and resistance is compressed.
For compressing tablet guide rod 22 can upwards reset, in the present embodiment, on compressing tablet guide rod 22, spring is housed, when compressing tablet guide rod 22 moves downward, spring is compacted, and compressing tablet guide rod 22 relies on the elastic reset of spring.
Consult Fig. 5, presser cam 23 and compressing tablet guide rod 22 be close contact always, and in order to reduce the friction between presser cam 23 and compressing tablet guide rod 22, compressing tablet guide rod 22 upper ends are fixed with bearing, bearing and presser cam 23 Surface Contacts.
Consult Fig. 4, Figure 12 and Figure 13, cutter mechanism 3 comprises upper cutter 31, lower cutter 34, cutting knife guide rod 32, cutting knife cam 33, because the pin at resistance two ends all needs to cut off, so all there is cutting knife 31, lower cutter 34, cutting knife guide rod 32, cutting knife cam 33 in the left and right sides.
In other embodiments, also lower cutter 34 can be set.
Lower cutter 34 is fixed on the both sides of material preparing table 6, and the upper surface of lower cutter 34 is that inclined plane forms blade, and in the present embodiment, the side near material preparing table in lower cutter 34 forms blade.Upper cutter 31 is positioned at the upper inner of lower cutter 34, and the lower surface of upper cutter 31 is that inclined plane forms blade, and the side away from material preparing table in upper cutter 31 forms blade.For the resistance pin is cut off quickly and easily, in the present embodiment, the blade of the blade of lower cutter 34 and upper cutter 31 is on same vertical plane, shown in Figure 4.
Consult Fig. 9, for convenient fixing, lower cutter 34 and material preparing table 6 are made a combiner 60, and combiner 60 is one-body molded, and combiner 60 lower ends have through hole 601, pass through hole 601 by bolt combiner 60 is fixing.For the Full automatic resistance bender can cut off the resistance pin of different length, the distance between two lower cutters 34 is designed to adjust, and the through hole 601 of combiner 60 lower ends is designed to the strip of left and right directions.In order to be convenient to collect after resistance disengaging workbench, offer discharging opening 602 on the combiner 60 below workbench 10, resistance breaks away from workbench and falls down from discharging opening 602.In order to collect conveniently, can below discharging opening 602, place the box of collecting resistance.
Upper cutter 31 is fixed on the below of cutting knife guide rod 32, and cutting knife cam 33 is positioned at the top of cutting knife guide rod 32, and cutting knife cam 33 is fixed on the second line shaft 8; Within a work period, cutter mechanism 3 needs action once, so, in the present embodiment, cutting knife cam 33 is designed to column, the cutting knife guide rod 32 rear horse back that is depressed upwards resets.Motor train bar driven gear 81 rotates, and the cutting knife cam 33 that gear 81 drives on the second line shafts 8 and the second line shaft 8 rotates, and then drives cutting knife guide rod 32 and move up and down, thereby the upper cutter 31 that is fixed on cutting knife guide rod 32 lower ends moves up and down.
In order to reduce the friction between cutting knife cam 33 and cutting knife guide rod 32, in the lower end of cutting knife cam 33, be provided with bearing.In long-term use procedure, after preventing the 32 upper end wearing and tearing of cutting knife guide rod, cutting knife guide rod 32 moves downward distance and reduces, may cause that lower cutter 31 moves downward not in place, can not hinder pin by cut-out point, so the upper surface at cutting knife guide rod 32 is provided with screwed hole, bolt is housed on screwed hole, the bearing of cutting knife cam 33 lower ends is pressed on bolt.According to abrasion condition, can adjust the length of bolt like this.
For cutting knife guide rod 32 can upwards reset, in the present embodiment, on cutting knife guide rod 32, spring is housed, when cutting knife guide rod 32 moves downward, spring is compacted; After cutting knife cam 33 breaks away from cutting knife guide rod 32, cutting knife guide rod 32 relies on the elastic reset of spring.
Consult Fig. 3, Fig. 9, Figure 12, Figure 13, bending mechanism 4 comprises the little bender structure of folding of the large bender structure of folding and folding little bender structure both sides, roll over that large bender structure comprises the large curved disk 45 of folding, rolls over large curved guide rod 46, rolls over large curved cam 47, rolls over large curved gear structure 48, folding curves greatly axle 49, shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13; Rolling over little bender structure comprises the little curved disk 41 of folding, rolls over little curved guide rod 42, rolls over little curved cam 43, rolls over little curved gear structure, rolls over the little axle that curves; Within a work period, roll over large bender structure and roll over little bender structure and move respectively once, roll over large curved cam 47 and be designed to column with the little curved cam 43 of folding.
On the second line shaft 8, the outside that two large curved cams 47 of 47, two, large curved cams of folding folding are fixed in the both sides of presser cam 23 is fixed the outsides of 43, two little curved cams 43 of folding of two little curved cams of folding and is fixed two cutting knife cams 33, shown in Figure 3.Within a work period, the time that the little curved cam 43 of folding arrives the little curved guide rod 42 of folding is set arrive the time of the large curved guide rod 46 of folding early than the large curved cam 47 of folding, guaranteed that the Full automatic resistance bender first rolled over little curved action, rolled over afterwards large curved action.
Consult Fig. 1-5, in the present embodiment, compressing tablet guide rod 22 both sides are two cutting knife guide rods 32, in the back of compressing tablet guide rod 22 and cutting knife guide rod 32, are two large curved guide rods 46 of folding and two little curved guide rods 42 of folding.
Structure composition and the operation principle of rolling over large bender structure and the little bender structure of folding are all identical, below take and roll over the operation principle of large bender structure as example explanation bending mechanism 4.
Consult Figure 12-13, rolling over large curved cam 47 is fixed on the second line shaft 8, rolling over large curved guide rod 46 upper ends contacts with the large curved cam 47 of folding, the large curved gear 481 of first fold of rolling over large curved guide rod 46 lower ends and bending gear structure 48 is fixing, and the fixing point of rolling over large curved guide rod 46 lower ends and the large curved gear 481 of first fold is non-centre point.The first bending gear 481 is fixed by pin 4811 and folding large curved guide rod 46 lower ends.Large curved gear 482 engagements of the large curved gear 481 of first fold and the second folding, the large curved gear 482 of the second folding is fixed on folding and curves greatly on axle 49, and large curved disk 45 also is fixed on folding and curves greatly on axle 49.
In the present embodiment, for compact conformation, save space, two large curved gears 481 of first fold are separately positioned on the both sides, front and back of two large curved guide rods 46 of folding, the large curved guide rod 46 of the folding on right side is fixing with the large curved gear 481 of first fold of front, the large curved gear 481 of first fold meshes with the large curved gear 482 of the second folding in left side, so the large curved disk 45 of folding that the large curved guide rod 46 of the folding on right side drives left side rotates, when the large curved guide rod 46 of folding on right side moves downward, driving the large curved gear 481 of first fold clockwise rotates, and then the large curved gear 482 of the second folding in left side rotates counterclockwise, thereby the folding that drives left side curves greatly axle 49 and the large curved disk 45 of folding rotates counterclockwise, shown in Figure 13.
Roll over the course of work of large bender structure, motor train bar driven gear 81 rotates, the large curved cam 47 of folding that gear 81 drives on the second line shaft 8 and the second line shaft 8 rotates, and then the large curved guide rod 46 of drive folding moves up and down, thereby drive the large curved disk 45 of the large curved gear structure 48 of folding and folding, rotate, the folding that completes the resistance pin is curved greatly.
Consult Fig. 4 and Fig. 9, roll over the rear that large curved disk 45 and the little curved disk 41 of folding are positioned at material preparing table 6, the front end face of rolling over large curved disk 45 and the little curved disk 41 of folding is workbench, and resistance is cut off the bending of pin and pin at workbench.Have alignment pin 451 on the large curved disk 45 of folding, alignment pin 451 is positioned at the top at folding large curved disk 45 centers, rolls over large curved disk 45 centers and has through hole, has flexible pin 51 in through hole.Be two little curved disks 41 of folding in the both sides of two large curved disks 45 of folding, roll on little curved disk 41 and have alignment pin 411, alignment pin 411 is positioned at the top at folding little curved disk 41 centers, rolls over little curved disk 41 centers and has through hole, has flexible pin 51 in through hole.
Before resistance reaches workbench, flexible pin 51 stretches out, and when compressing tablet 21 is pressed on workbench by resistance, the pin of resistance is between flexible pin 51 and alignment pin 451, alignment pin 411, and the 51 pairs of resistance of pin that stretch play fixing effect.When the little curved disk 41 of folding rotates, the pin of resistance rotates around flexible pin 51 under alignment pin 411 effects, and the folding that carries out the resistance pin is little curved.When the large curved disk 45 of folding rotates, the pin of resistance rotates around flexible pin 51 under alignment pin 451 effects, and the folding that carries out the resistance pin is curved greatly.
Consult Fig. 4, Fig. 9, Figure 12, Figure 13, the operation principle of flexible pin 51 is described, flexible pin 51 is connected with flexible pin guide rod 52, flexible pin guide rod 52 rear ends are provided with flexible needle cam 53 and flexible needle cam 54, flexible needle cam 53 and flexible needle cam 54 are fixed on the 3rd line shaft 9, and flexible needle cam 54 is two both sides that are positioned at flexible needle cam 53.Flexible pin guide rod 52 curves greatly axle 49 and the folding little Zhou of curving center through folding, makes the flexible pin 51 of flexible pin guide rod 52 front ends be positioned at the large curved disk 45 of folding and folding little curved disk 41 center.Flexible needle cam 53 promotes the flexible pin 51 at folding large curved disk 45 centers, and flexible needle cam 54 promotes the flexible pin 51 at folding little curved disk 41 centers.
For flexible pin guide rod 52 can reset backward, in the present embodiment, on flexible pin guide rod 52, spring 521 is housed, when flexible pin guide rod 52 travels forward, spring is compacted, and flexible pin guide rod 52 relies on the elastic reset of spring 521, shown in Figure 13.
After little curved the completing of resistance folding, roll over the flexible pin 51 at little curved disk 41 centers and retract, roll over afterwards the large curved disk 45 of large curved cam 47 drive folding and rotated the large curved action of folding, roll over afterwards the flexible pin 51 at large curved disk 45 centers and retract, compressing tablet 21 moves upward simultaneously, and resistance breaks away from workbench 10.
The left side of the 3rd line shaft 9 is fixed with gear 91, shown in Figure 6, motor train bar driven gear 91 rotates, flexible needle cam 53 and flexible needle cam 54 that gear 91 drives on the 3rd line shaft 9 and the 3rd line shaft 9 rotate, and then drive shortening guide rod 52 and seesaw, thereby drive flexible pin 51 stretching motions.
Consult Fig. 1-13, the resistance bending method of Full automatic resistance bender be described, there are following steps:
Step a0, respectively through two feed lead rail 11, be placed on two pins of the front-seat resistance on resistance material row respectively the between cog of two charging gears 12 by resistance material row's both sides afterwards.
The motor of step a, starting resistance bender, the driven by motor chain movement.
Step b0, motor train bar driven gear 91 rotate, flexible needle cam 53 and flexible needle cam 54 that gear 91 drives on the 3rd line shaft 9 and the 3rd line shaft 9 rotate, and then drive shortening guide rod 52 and travel forward, thereby drive flexible pin 51, from bending disk 41 and bending disk 45 center, stretch out.
The chain-driving gear 722 of step b, motor rotates, and then connects gear 71 by the sheave structure, and gear 71 batch (-type)s are rotated, thereby drive charging gear 12 batch (-type)s, rotates, and resistance is taken on material preparing table 6.
Step c, motor train bar driven gear 81 rotate, the presser cam 23 that gear 81 drives on the second line shaft 8 and the second line shaft 8 rotates, and then drive compressing tablet guide rod 22 moves downward, move downward thereby drive the compressing tablet 21 that is fixed on compressing tablet guide rod 22 lower ends, resistance is pressed on workbench 10 from material preparing table 6.
Steps d, motor train bar driven gear 81 rotate, the cutting knife cam 33 that gear 81 drives on the second line shaft 8 and the second line shaft 8 rotates, and then drive cutting knife guide rod 32 moves downward, thereby the upper cutter 31 that is fixed on cutting knife guide rod 32 lower ends moves downward, and under upper cutter 31 and lower cutter 34 cooperations, unnecessary resistance pin is cut off, upper cutter 31 resets afterwards.
Step e, motor train bar driven gear 81 rotate, the little curved cam 43 of folding that gear 81 drives on the second line shaft 8 and the second line shaft 8 rotates, and then the little curved guide rod 42 of drive folding moves up and down, rotate thereby drive the little curved disk 41 of the little curved gear structure of folding and folding, complete the little curved action of folding of resistance pin;
Afterwards, motor train bar driven gear 91 rotates, and the flexible needle cam 54 that gear 91 drives on the 3rd line shaft 9 and the 3rd line shaft 9 rotates, and then shortening guide rod 52 motion backward under spring action, thereby the flexible pin 51 at drive folding little curved disk 41 centers is retracted;
Afterwards, motor train bar driven gear 81 rotates, the large curved cam 47 of folding that gear 81 drives on the second line shaft 8 and the second line shaft 8 rotates, and then the large curved guide rod 46 of drive folding moves up and down, rotate thereby drive the large curved disk 45 of the large curved gear structure 48 of folding and folding, complete the large curved action of folding of resistance pin.
Step f, motor train bar driven gear 81 rotate, the presser cam 23 that gear 81 drives on the second line shaft 8 and the second line shaft 8 rotates, and then compressing tablet guide rod 22 moves upward under spring action, thereby drive the compressing tablet 21 that is fixed on compressing tablet guide rod 22 lower ends, move upward;
Simultaneously, motor train bar driven gear 91 rotates, and the flexible needle cam 53 that gear 91 drives on the 3rd line shaft 9 and the 3rd line shaft 9 rotates, and then shortening guide rod 52 motion backward under spring action, thereby the flexible pin 51 at drive folding large curved disk 45 centers is retracted; Resistance breaks away from from workbench 10.
Step g, repeating step b, to step f, carry out the pin Forging Process of next resistance.
Above embodiment is only in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, but not is limited; Although with reference to previous embodiment, the present invention is had been described in detail, for the person of ordinary skill of the art, the technical scheme that still can put down in writing previous embodiment is modified, or part technical characterictic wherein is equal to replacement; And these modifications or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution break away from the spirit and scope of the present invention's technical scheme required for protection.

Claims (14)

1. a Full automatic resistance bender, is characterized in that, comprising:
Feeding mechanism, be delivered to material preparing table by resistance;
Tablet press mechanism, be arranged on the top of material preparing table, and resistance is pressed on workbench from material preparing table;
Cutter mechanism, be arranged on the both sides of workbench, and the unnecessary pin of resistance is cut off;
Bending mechanism, by the bending of resistance pin;
Motor, for described feeding mechanism, tablet press mechanism, cutter mechanism and bending mechanism provide power.
2. Full automatic resistance bender according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described feeding mechanism comprises two feed lead rail and two charging gears that are arranged on described two feed lead rail rear ends, and described charging gear is arranged on the first line shaft, and described the first line shaft batch (-type) rotates.
3. Full automatic resistance bender according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described tablet press mechanism comprises the compressing tablet that is positioned at workbench the place ahead, the presser cam that is positioned at the compressing tablet guide rod of compressing tablet top and is positioned at described compressing tablet guide rod top, and described presser cam is fixed on the second line shaft; Described the second line shaft drives described presser cam and rotates, and then drives described compressing tablet guide rod and compressing tablet moves up and down, and the resistance on material preparing table is pressed on workbench.
4. Full automatic resistance bender according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cutter mechanism comprises upper cutter, cutting knife guide rod, cutting knife cam, described upper cutter is fixed on the below of described cutting knife guide rod, described cutting knife cam is positioned at the top of described cutting knife guide rod, and described cutting knife cam is fixed on the second line shaft, and described the second line shaft drives described cutting knife camming movement, and then drive described cutting knife guide rod and upper cutter moves up and down, utilize upper cutter that the unnecessary pin of resistance is cut off.
5. Full automatic resistance bender according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described cutter mechanism also comprises lower cutter, and described lower cutter is fixed on the both sides of described workbench, and described upper cutter and lower cutter coordinate the unnecessary pin cut-out of resistance.
6. Full automatic resistance bender according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described bending mechanism comprises bending cam, bending guide rod, bending gear structure, bending rotating shaft, bending disk, described bending cam is fixed on the second line shaft, described bending guide rod upper end contacts with described bending cam, described bending lower end of the guide rod connects described bending gear structure, and the bending gear structure also is connected with described bending rotating shaft, and described bending disk is fixed in described bending rotating shaft; Described the second line shaft drives described bending camming movement, moves up and down thereby drive described bending guide rod, and then drives described bending gear structure rotation, finally drives the bending disk and rotates, and completes the bending action to the resistance pin.
7. Full automatic resistance bender according to claim 6, is characterized in that, is provided with flexible pin and alignment pin on described bending disk, and described flexible pin is positioned at the center of described bending disk, and described alignment pin is fixed on the top of described bending disc centre.
8. Full automatic resistance bender according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described flexible pin end is connected with flexible pin guide rod, and described flexible pin guide rod end is provided with flexible needle cam, and described flexible needle cam is fixed on the 3rd line shaft; Described the 3rd line shaft drives flexible needle cam and rotates, and then drives described flexible pin guide rod and flexible pin is made stretching motion.
9. according to claim 6 or 7 or 8 described Full automatic resistance benders, it is characterized in that, described bending mechanism comprises two little bender structures of folding and two large bender structures of folding, and the little bender structure of described folding is positioned at described cutter mechanism inboard, and the large bender structure of described folding is positioned at the little bender structure of described folding inboard.
10. the resistance bending method based on the described Full automatic resistance bender of any one claim in claim 1 to 9, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
The motor of step a, starting resistance bender;
Step b, feeding mechanism action are transported to material preparing table by resistance;
Step c, tablet press mechanism action are pressed on resistance workbench from material preparing table;
The unnecessary pin of resistance is cut off in steps d, cutter mechanism action;
Step e, bending mechanism move the bending of resistance pin;
Step f, tablet press mechanism action, resistance breaks away from workbench, completes the pin Forging Process of a resistance;
Step g, repeating step b, to step f, carry out the pin Forging Process of next resistance.
11. resistance bending method according to claim 10, it is characterized in that, also there is step a0 before step a, resistance material row's both sides, respectively through two feed lead rail, are placed on two pins of the front-seat resistance on resistance material row respectively in the teeth groove of two charging gears afterwards.
12. resistance bending method according to claim 10, it is characterized in that, also there is b0 before step b, motor rotates by chain-driving the 3rd line shaft, and then the flexible needle cam of drive rotates, thereby drive flexible pin guide rod and flexible pin and do extend action, flexible pin stretches out from the center of bending disk.
13. resistance bending method according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, in step f, motor rotates by chain-driving the second line shaft, the second line shaft drives presser cam and rotates, and then compressing tablet guide rod and compressing tablet move upward under spring action, the resistance be pressed in work is unclamped; Simultaneously, motor rotates by chain-driving the 3rd line shaft, and then drives flexible needle cam rotation, and flexible pin guide rod and flexible pin shrink under spring action, and flexible pin is retracted from the center of bending disk.
14. resistance bending method according to claim 10, is characterized in that, in step e, at first bending mechanism is rolled over little curved, is rolled over afterwards curved greatly; Motor rotates by chain-driving the second line shaft, the second line shaft drives the little curved camming movement of folding, and then drives the little curved guide rod of folding and move downward, thereby drive the little curved gear structure of folding, rotates, the final little curved disk of folding that drives rotates, and the pin of resistance is rolled over to little curved action; Motor rotates by chain-driving the second line shaft, the second line shaft drives the large curved camming movement of folding, and then drives the large curved guide rod of folding and move downward, thereby drive the large curved gear structure of folding, rotates, the final large curved disk of folding that drives rotates, and the pin of resistance is rolled over to large curved action.
CN201310395683.0A 2013-09-04 2013-09-04 Full-automatic resistor bending machine and resistor bending method CN103464647B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105101771A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-11-25 欧朗科技(苏州)有限公司 Full-automatic shaper for K-shaped pin of high-performance medical radiographic inspection product
CN105344878A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-02-24 李倩 Automatic resistor pin bending equipment
CN105382140A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-09 李倩 Cutting-off mechanism of automatic resistor pin bending equipment
CN105499432A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 李倩 Automatic resistor pin bending method
CN106098416A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-11-09 深圳市唯真电机有限公司 A kind of Full automatic capacitance trimmer
CN106670812A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-17 无锡特恒科技有限公司 Resistor cutting-off and bending mechanism
CN108403232A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-08-17 卡瓦科尔牙科医疗器械(苏州)有限公司 Tool for Warm gutta percha plugger
CN108435971A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-08-24 芜湖博康机电有限公司 A kind of resistance pins bending apparatus
CN109158506A (en) * 2018-08-27 2019-01-08 安徽千载佳科技有限公司 A kind of electronic component pin bending cutter device
CN110788244A (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-02-14 殷金平 Computer motherboard resistance pin bending machine

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CN203484577U (en) * 2013-09-04 2014-03-19 青岛杰瑞自动化有限公司 Full-automatic resistor bending machine

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US3900053A (en) * 1972-11-02 1975-08-19 Thomas Weresch Device for cutting bending and corrugating the leads of electric components
US4573501A (en) * 1982-10-30 1986-03-04 Henry Mann, Inc. Apparatus for cutting and forming leads
JPH06216590A (en) * 1993-01-18 1994-08-05 Nippon Dainapaato Kk Automatic axial component insertion device
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CN202394622U (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-08-22 东莞以利沙五金塑胶制品有限公司 Feed pin cutting mechanism of automatic-forming machine of automatic rubber-bushing tube of resistor
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105101771A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-11-25 欧朗科技(苏州)有限公司 Full-automatic shaper for K-shaped pin of high-performance medical radiographic inspection product
CN105344878A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-02-24 李倩 Automatic resistor pin bending equipment
CN105382140A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-09 李倩 Cutting-off mechanism of automatic resistor pin bending equipment
CN105499432A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 李倩 Automatic resistor pin bending method
CN106098416A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-11-09 深圳市唯真电机有限公司 A kind of Full automatic capacitance trimmer
CN106670812A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-17 无锡特恒科技有限公司 Resistor cutting-off and bending mechanism
CN108403232A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-08-17 卡瓦科尔牙科医疗器械(苏州)有限公司 Tool for Warm gutta percha plugger
CN108435971A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-08-24 芜湖博康机电有限公司 A kind of resistance pins bending apparatus
CN109158506A (en) * 2018-08-27 2019-01-08 安徽千载佳科技有限公司 A kind of electronic component pin bending cutter device
CN110788244A (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-02-14 殷金平 Computer motherboard resistance pin bending machine

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