CN103447915B - The aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system - Google Patents

The aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system Download PDF

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CN103447915B
CN103447915B CN201310365966.0A CN201310365966A CN103447915B CN 103447915 B CN103447915 B CN 103447915B CN 201310365966 A CN201310365966 A CN 201310365966A CN 103447915 B CN103447915 B CN 103447915B
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rubber powder
aluminium
frame
framed bent
aluminium row
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CN103447915A (en
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杨贵庭
周洪军
赵红源
彭犁祥
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system, aim to provide a kind of its and traditional crystal polishing machine can be coordinated to realize automated production, the aggregation type auxiliary machine of enhance productivity, reduce labour intensity and cost of labor.It comprises frame, is arranged on the manipulator in frame, material loading docking slipway mechanism; Be arranged in frame, be positioned at material loading docking slipway mechanism below lower rubber powder case structure and blanking mechanism; Be arranged in frame, be positioned at material loading docking slipway mechanism above gluing powder box mechanism and Shang Lvpai mechanism.

Description

The aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system
Technical field
The present invention relates to crystal polishing field, be specifically related to a kind of aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system.
Background technology
Crystal polishing machine is a kind of equipment crystal blank being carried out to polishing processing.Traditional crystal polishing machine adopts artificial loading and blanking usually, and its course of work is as follows: be first manually bonded in by crystal blank on the aluminium row needle tubing of aluminium row; Then by aluminium row be fixedly installed to crystal polishing machine aluminium row mount pad on grinding and polishing is carried out to crystal blank; By taking out manually after half Surface Machining of crystal blank completes, and crystal blank aluminium being arranged grinding and polishing half surface is docked to (the crystal blank surface being about to grinding and polishing is bonded on the aluminium row needle tubing of another aluminium row) on the aluminium row needle tubing of another aluminium row, places back in the polishing processing that crystal polishing machine carries out second half surface of crystal blank; After the grinding and polishing of crystal blank, aluminium row is taken off, then grinding and polishing crystal is carried out blanking.Traditional crystal polishing machine adopts artificial loading and blanking usually, and not only cost of labor is high for it, labour intensity is large, and production efficiency low, there is handling safety hidden danger.
Further, in order to solve the deficiency that traditional crystal polishing machine exists, to this has been, aluminium is arranged feeding device to some inventors by improvement, aluminium arranges docking facilities and blanking device is integrated in crystal polishing machine the automatic crystal polished machine forming a kind of brand new.Such as, China Patent Publication No. CN101758433A, publication date on June 30th, 2010, the name of innovation and creation is called full-automatic water-drill grinding and polishing machine, comprise manipulator, two groups, left and right grinding and polishing part, right grinding and polishing part is provided with pearl station, be provided with left and right docking station and docking mechanism between the two groups of grinding and polishing parts in left and right, left grinding and polishing part is provided with lower pearl station.Although current this kind of automatic crystal polished machine can solve the deficiency that traditional crystal polishing machine exists, it has the following disadvantages:
Current automatic crystal polished machine its abandon traditional crystal polishing machine equipment and lay equal stress on and newly design, but it is simply feeding device, docking facilities and blanking device to be arranged in two groups of grinding and polishing equipment, and cooperative mechanical hand realizes automatic production in the mode of continuous productive process; This not only makes, and its fabrication cycle is long, cost of manufacture is high, and floor space is wide; And cannot be applied on current existing traditional crystal polishing machine, solve existing traditional crystal polishing machine Problems existing.
The more important thing is, feeding device, docking facilities and the blanking device of current automatic crystal polished machine on it is separate; Feeding device completes separately crystal material loading technique, and docking facilities completes separately crystal butt-joint process, and blanking device completes separately crystal blanking; This makes feeding device, docking facilities and the blanking device operating efficiency on automatic crystal polished machine be difficult to improve, and makes the manipulation of automatic crystal polished machine complicated.
Summary of the invention
The first object of the present invention is that not only fabrication cycle is long, cost of manufacture is high in order to overcome existing automatic crystal polished machine, and floor space is wide; And cannot be applied on current existing traditional crystal polishing machine, solve existing traditional crystal polishing machine Problems existing; A kind of aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system is provided, it can coordinate traditional crystal polishing machine to form crystal automatic Polishing system, not only effectively can reduce cycle of doing and the cost of manufacture of crystal automatic Polishing system, and greatly reduce the floor space of whole crystal automatic Polishing system, and increase work efficiency further.
Second object of the present invention on the first object basis is to overcome existing automatic crystal polished machine, its feeding device, docking facilities and blanking device are separate, this makes feeding device, docking facilities and the blanking device operating efficiency on automatic crystal polished machine be difficult to improve, and makes the problem of the manipulation complexity of automatic crystal polished machine; There is provided a kind of aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system, its material loading, docking and blanking device can cooperatively interact the material loading of crystal, docking and technology for blanking, improve the operating efficiency of crystal polishing system further, and simplify manipulation process.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system, comprise frame, be arranged in frame material loading docking slipway mechanism, be arranged in frame, be positioned at material loading docking slipway mechanism below lower rubber powder case structure and be positioned at material loading docking slipway mechanism above gluing powder box mechanism and Shang Lvpai mechanism; Described material loading docking slipway mechanism comprises the first translating rails be arranged in frame, can along the slide unit substrate of the first translating rails movement, be arranged in frame for promoting the first push unit of slide unit substrate, be arranged on the blank magazine of slide unit surface, be arranged on the vibrator on blank magazine and be arranged on slide unit substrate for being elevated the first lowering or hoisting gear of blank magazine; On described slide unit substrate, be positioned at below blank magazine and be provided with row's material loading push rod, the bottom surface of described blank magazine is provided with somely goes up material through hole one to one with material loading push rod, described material loading push rod is plugged in corresponding upper material through hole, and the end face of material loading push rod is provided with the vertical hole being less than crystal blank diameter for the groove of accommodating crystal blank or aperture; On described slide unit substrate, be positioned at blank magazine side and be also provided with the rotary aluminum framed bent that can rotate around the shaft and the first motor for driving rotary aluminum framed bent to rotate, described rotary aluminum framed bent is provided with the lower aluminium row mounting structure for installing aluminium row; And the slide unit substrate corresponding with rotary aluminum framed bent is provided with dodges breach; Described lower rubber powder case structure comprises and is arranged on the second translating rails in frame, can move and the lower rubber powder carriage be positioned at below blank magazine and being arranged in frame for promoting the second push unit of lower rubber powder carriage along the second translating rails; Be provided with lower rubber powder box above described lower rubber powder carriage, and lower rubber powder box being positioned at below rotary aluminum framed bent, lower rubber powder carriage being also provided with the second lowering or hoisting gear for being elevated lower rubber powder box; Described gluing powder box mechanism comprises the 3rd translating rails be arranged in frame, can move and the gluing powder box be positioned at above blank magazine and being arranged in frame for promoting the 3rd push unit of gluing powder box along the 3rd translating rails; Described Shang Lvpai mechanism comprises the first vertical guide be arranged in frame, along the upper aluminium framed bent of the first vertical guide lifting and can be arranged in frame for being elevated the 3rd lowering or hoisting gear of upper aluminium framed bent, upper aluminium framed bent is provided with the upper aluminium row mounting structure for installing aluminium row, and described upper aluminium framed bent can move to above gluing powder box along the first vertical guide; Described frame is also provided with the aluminium row heater for heating the aluminium row be arranged in upper and lower aluminium row mounting structure.
The aggregation type auxiliary machine of this programme can coordinate traditional crystal polishing machine to realize the automatic loading/unloading of the crystal blank of traditional crystal polishing machine, and the docking of crystal blank (the crystal blank surface of grinding and polishing being bonded on the aluminium row needle tubing of another aluminium row), thus realize automated production, enhance productivity, reduce labour intensity and cost of labor; And coordinate traditional crystal polishing machine can form crystal automatic Polishing system due to the aggregation type auxiliary machine of this programme, thus effectively can reduce cycle of doing and the cost of manufacture of crystal automatic Polishing system.
On the other hand, the crystal blank material loading of this programme, docking and blanking all complete on aggregation type auxiliary machine, the material loading of crystal, docking and technology for blanking and its material loading, docking and blanking device can cooperatively interact; Wherein Shang Lvpai mechanism not only can coordinate gluing powder box mechanism and material loading docking slipway mechanism, completes the material loading (upper crystal blank) arranged upper aluminium; And Shang Lvpai mechanism can also coordinate material loading to dock slipway mechanism to complete butt-joint process (be docked to by episphere crystal of having polished lower aluminium row on) between upper and lower aluminium row; And the rotary aluminum framed bent in material loading docking slipway mechanism, the first motor, lower aluminium row's mounting structure and upper peace thereof hold aluminium and arrange the butt-joint process that not only can coordinate between the upper and lower aluminium row of the drained one-tenth of aluminium; But also blanking mechanism can be coordinated to complete blanking; This not only greatly reduces the floor space of crystal automatic Polishing system, and simplifies crystal blank material loading, docking mechanism and control operation process, further improves operating efficiency.
As preferably, frame is also provided with the manipulator for picking and placeing aluminium row, this manipulator comprises and is arranged on the 4th translating rails in frame, along the first translation seat stand of the 4th translating rails movement and can be arranged in frame for promoting the 4th push unit of the first translation seat stand, be provided with lifting seat stand below described first translation seat stand, the first translation seat stand is provided with the 4th lowering or hoisting gear for driving the lifting of lifting seat stand; Described lifting seat stand is provided with five translating rails perpendicular with the 4th translating rails, along the second translation seat stand of the 5th translating rails translation and can be arranged on lifting seat stand for promoting the 5th push unit of the second translation seat stand; Be provided with electromagnet rotating seat below described second translation seat stand, the second translation seat stand be also provided with the whirligig for rotary magnet rotating seat; On described electromagnet rotating seat, the relative both sides that are positioned at its rotating shaft are respectively equipped with transition station for picking and placeing aluminium row, two transition stations are respectively equipped with the electromagnet apparatus for Al adsorption row.
Manipulator due to this programme has two transition stations, and two transition stations are arranged on the relative both sides of the rotating shaft of electromagnet rotating seat; In actual production process, all the time the electromagnet apparatus on a transition station is had to be in blank state in two transition stations, electromagnet apparatus on another transition station is then adsorbed with aluminium row, aggregation type auxiliary machine and the aluminium between crystal polishing machine can be made like this arranges carry out continuous, put efficiently, dock.
As preferably, frame is also provided with blanking mechanism, this blanking mechanism comprises the blanking box of the upper end open be positioned at below rotary aluminum framed bent and is arranged in frame for being elevated the 5th lowering or hoisting gear of blanking box; Described blanking box upper port place is provided with the cylinder be parallel to each other for a pair, the shaft parallel of this cylinder and rotary aluminum framed bent; Two cylinder surfaces are provided with the radial bristle extended, described cylinder is arranged on blanking box upper port by rotating shaft is rotating, connected by gears meshing between the rotating shaft of two cylinders, described blanking box is also provided with the second motor, the second motor is for driving the rotating shaft of the cylinder in two cylinders.
When manipulator, the aluminium of good for rubbing down crystal is arranged the lower aluminium being placed in rotary aluminum framed bent to arrange after in mounting structure, slide unit substrate can be promoted by the first push unit and make the aluminium ranking of the good crystal of rubbing down directly over two cylinders; Then, by aluminium row heater, aluminium row is heated; Again then, the heating of aluminium row heater stop, the 5th lowering or hoisting gear drives blanking mechanism to rise, and simultaneously the second driven by motor two cylinder rotates, and the crystal by bristle aluminium being arranged upthrow milled carries out blanking, and then realizes automatic blanking.
As preferably, lower rubber powder case structure also comprises and being arranged in frame and the 6th translating rails paralleled with the second translating rails, can move and the rubber powder be positioned at above lower rubber powder box is scraped installing rack and scraped the 6th push unit of installing rack for promoting rubber powder along the 6th translating rails; Described rubber powder is scraped below installing rack and is provided with installing plate, rubber powder is scraped installing rack and is provided with the 6th lowering or hoisting gear for liftable mounting plate, be provided with lower rubber powder below described installing plate to scrape, this lower rubber powder is scraped by the rotating installation of rotating shaft on a mounting board, and this rotating shaft and the second translating rails perpendicular, lower rubber powder is scraped and is positioned at above lower rubber powder box; Described rubber powder is scraped installing rack and is provided with for driving lower rubber powder to scrape lower swing mechanism around its shaft swing.
The lower rubber powder case structure of this programme is that the aluminium row needle tubing of aluminium row on rotary aluminum framed bent carries out upper rubber powder, its course of work as: first, lower swing mechanism drives lower rubber powder to scrape rubber powder under oscillation adjustment and scrapes spacing between lower rubber powder box bottom surface; Then, the second push unit promotes lower rubber powder box, and in the process of lower rubber powder box movement, lower rubber powder is scraped and struck off by the rubber powder in lower rubber powder box; Instantly after the rubber powder in rubber powder box strikes off, rubber powder is scraped installing rack and rubber powder and is scraped and move to above lower rubber powder box by the 6th lowering or hoisting gear, and scrapes installing rack and rubber powder by the 6th push unit rubber powder and scrape and move to outside lower rubber powder box; Again then, driven on lower rubber powder carriage and lower rubber powder box by the second lowering or hoisting gear and move, thus the aluminium row needle tubing completed the aluminium that rotary aluminum framed bent is arranged down is arranged carries out upper rubber powder automatically.
As preferably, the cross section that lower rubber powder is scraped is isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid, and two waists that lower rubber powder is scraped are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the rotating shaft that lower rubber powder is scraped; Described lower swing mechanism comprises lower swing cylinder and lower link, the cylinder ends of described lower swing cylinder is hinged on rubber powder and scrapes on installing rack, the piston rod end of lower swing cylinder and one end of lower link hinged, the other end of lower link is fixed in the rotating shaft that lower rubber powder scrapes.
Lower rubber powder is scraped for being struck off by the rubber powder in lower rubber powder box, but to scrape in the process struck off by the rubber powder in lower rubber powder box the rubber powder in lower rubber powder box can be scraped toward side at lower rubber powder, thus makes the rubber powder in lower rubber powder box be gathered in side in lower rubber powder box; Thus the cross section that lower rubber powder is scraped by plate scheme is isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid, and it can effectively solve the problem.The cross section of scraping due to lower rubber powder is isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid, and two waists that lower rubber powder is scraped are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the rotating shaft that lower rubber powder is scraped; Scraping at lower rubber powder strikes off in operation to the rubber powder in lower rubber powder box, and the swaying direction that lower swing mechanism drives lower rubber powder to scrape alternately is changed; Rubber powder in lower rubber powder box is struck off from side toward opposite side whenever the lower rubber powder of last time is scraped, then descend rubber powder to scrape next time, toward contrary direction, the rubber powder in lower rubber powder box is struck off, the rubber powder that so just can ensure in lower rubber powder box can not be gathered in the side in lower rubber powder box, and the rubber powder in rubber powder box can be fully used.
As preferably, upper and lower aluminium row mounting structure comprises and is arranged on the upper block on aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent, lower block respectively and is arranged on the left of block and lower block or the limited block on right side and arrange the detecting sensor that the aluminium ranking of installing in mounting structure puts for detecting upper and lower aluminium, and detecting sensor and limited block are positioned at the same side of block and lower block; The dovetail groove arranged for installing aluminium is formed between described upper block and lower block, described lower block is fixed on aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent, described upper block comprises fixed stop and at least one piece of active block stop, and described fixed stop is fixedly mounted on aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent; Described active block stop is positioned at the same side of fixed stop, and above-mentioned limited block and active block stop are positioned at the relative both sides of fixed stop; Upper aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent are provided with the vertical guide groove suitable with active block stop, and active block stop is slidably arranged on vertical guide groove, described upper aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent are respectively equipped with the 7th lowering or hoisting gear for being elevated active block stop.
As preferably, the 3rd lowering or hoisting gear comprises and is arranged on the vertical cylinder of the 3rd in frame and distance caging device; The cylinder body lower end of the 3rd vertical cylinder is fixed in frame, the cylinder body two ends of the 3rd vertical cylinder are respectively equipped with the piston rod extend out to outside cylinder body, the lower piston rod wherein arranged down is connected with upper aluminium framed bent, and the top of the upper piston rod arranged upward is provided with annular stop projection; The aluminium row needle tubing of the aluminium row instantly installed in aluminium row mounting structure be in vertically state upward time, the aluminium row upper end of needle tubing of this aluminium row and the upper end of material loading push rod are in sustained height;
Described distance caging device comprises the spacing flat board on the cylinder deck being arranged on the 3rd vertical cylinder, is arranged on upper piston rod side and the spacing riser paralleled with upper piston rod and being arranged on spacing flat board for promoting the flat-removing air cyclinder that spacing riser moves radially along upper piston rod; Described spacing flat board is provided with limiting through hole, and described upper piston rod is through this limiting through hole, and annular stop projection is positioned at spacing dull and stereotyped top; The lower end abutment of described spacing riser at spacing dull and stereotyped upper surface, and spacing riser is also provided with towards the side of upper piston rod groove of vertically stepping down.
Work is carried out in the position needing to be elevated to differing heights due to the aluminium row installed in upper aluminium row mounting structure, when this aluminium row needs upper rubber powder, needs to be down to above gluing powder box, when this aluminium row needs upper crystal blank, need to be down to above blank magazine, when this aluminium row need arrange with lower aluminium the aluminium installed in mounting structure arrange dock time, above the aluminium needing to be down to the interior installation of lower aluminium row mounting structure is arranged, thus need to control the stroke of the 3rd lowering or hoisting gear, and the spacing complexity not only increasing control of common sensor, and the control accuracy of stroke is difficult to ensure, in order to ensure control accuracy and the reliability of the lifting travel of the 3rd lowering or hoisting gear, 3rd lowering or hoisting gear of this programme controls by adopting mechanical limit structure, namely by annular stop projection, spacing flat board, spacing riser and flat-removing air cyclinder coordinate realization to control the lifting travel of the 3rd vertical cylinder, its specific works situation is as follows: when the aluminium row installed in upper aluminium row mounting structure needs upper rubber powder, spacing riser is moved toward upper piston rod, and make upper piston rod be positioned at the groove of vertically stepping down of spacing riser, what the spacing now between annular stop projection and spacing riser upper end was the 3rd vertical cylinder moves down stroke, when the aluminium row needle tubing of the aluminium row installed in upper aluminium row mounting structure needs bonding crystal blank, spacing riser is moved to outside upper piston rod, now between annular stop projection and spacing flat board spacing be the 3rd vertical cylinder move down stroke.In addition, the aluminium row needle tubing of the aluminium row instantly installed in aluminium row mounting structure be in vertically state upward time, the aluminium row upper end of needle tubing of this aluminium row and the upper end of material loading push rod are in sustained height; This is conducive to the Stroke Control of the vertical cylinder of simplification the 3rd.
As preferably, aluminium row heater comprises aluminium row's heater and lower aluminium row heater, upper aluminium row heater comprises heating tube and is arranged in frame for being elevated the 8th lowering or hoisting gear of upper heating tube, described upper heating tube and upper aluminium are arranged in mounting structure the aluminium installed and arranges and parallel, and the aluminium installed in upper aluminium row mounting structure is arranged; Lower aluminium row heater comprise lower heating tube and be arranged on slide unit substrate for promote lower heating tube away from or near the 7th push unit of rotary aluminum framed bent, described lower heating tube and lower aluminium are arranged the interior aluminium installed of mounting structure and are arranged and parallel.
In the aggregation type auxiliary machine course of work, because the aluminium row of upper aluminium framed bent needs to heat at the location status of differing heights; Thus the upper heating tube of the upper aluminium row heater of this programme is elevated by the 8th lowering or hoisting gear, heats with the aluminium row adapted to being in differing heights; And the aluminium row of rotary aluminum framed bent needs to rotate in the course of the work, the lower heating tube thus descending aluminium to arrange heater carries out translation by the 7th push unit, avoids interfering with lower heating tube in rotary aluminum framed bent rotary course.
As preferably, gluing powder box mechanism is comprised the upper rubber powder be rotatably arranged in frame by rotating shaft and scrapes and be arranged on for driving upper rubber powder to scrape upper swing mechanism around its shaft swing in frame, and upper rubber powder is scraped and is positioned at above gluing powder box; The cross section that upper rubber powder is scraped is isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid, and two waists that upper rubber powder is scraped are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the rotating shaft that rubber powder is scraped; Described upper swing mechanism comprises oscillating cylinder and upper connecting rod, and the cylinder ends of described upper oscillating cylinder is hinged in frame, the piston rod end of upper oscillating cylinder and one end of upper connecting rod hinged, the other end of upper connecting rod is fixed in the rotating shaft that rubber powder scrapes.
As preferably, frame comprises the underframe in frame structure, arranges the deck plate at underframe top, is arranged on added in frame structure above deck plate and is arranged on above deck plate and is positioned at added portal frame; Described lower rubber powder case structure is positioned at below deck plate, and on erecting bed panel bottom surface, the second translating rails of lower rubber powder case structure is arranged on deck plate bottom surface; Described material loading docking slipway mechanism is arranged on deck plate end face, and is positioned at portal frame, and the deck plate relative with dodging breach is also provided with dodges breach, and the first translating rails of material loading docking slipway mechanism is arranged on deck plate end face; Described gluing powder box mechanism and Shang Lvpai mechanism are arranged on portal frame.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: traditional crystal polishing machine can be coordinated to form crystal automatic Polishing system, thus realize automated production, enhance productivity, reduce labour intensity, cost of labor, and reduce cycle of doing of crystal automatic Polishing system, cost of manufacture and floor space; Meanwhile, improve the operating efficiency of crystal polishing system further, and simplify manipulation process.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of the aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of axonometric drawing of the aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 be crystal polishing system of the present invention aggregation type auxiliary machine remove added after a kind of partial structurtes schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the front view of material loading of the present invention docking slipway mechanism.
Fig. 5 is the axonometric drawing of material loading of the present invention docking slipway mechanism.
Fig. 6 is a kind of structural representation of gluing powder box mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged drawing at A place in Fig. 3.
Fig. 8 is a kind of structural representation of lower rubber powder case structure of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a kind of structural representation of blanking mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 10 is a kind of structural representation of manipulator of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system, comprises frame 1, is arranged on the manipulator 7 in frame, material loading docking slipway mechanism 4; Be arranged in frame, be positioned at material loading docking slipway mechanism below lower rubber powder case structure 3 and blanking mechanism 2; Be arranged in frame, be positioned at material loading docking slipway mechanism above gluing powder box mechanism 6 and Shang Lvpai mechanism 5.Frame 1 comprises the underframe 1a in frame structure, arranges the deck plate 1b at underframe top, is arranged on the added 1c in frame structure above deck plate and is arranged on above deck plate and is positioned at added portal frame 1d.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, material loading docking slipway mechanism 4 is arranged on deck plate 1b end face, and is positioned at portal frame 1d.Material loading docking slipway mechanism 4 comprises the first translating rails 41 of the deck plate 1b upper surface being arranged on frame, can along the slide unit substrate 42 of the first translating rails movement, be arranged in frame for promoting the first push unit 402 of slide unit substrate, be arranged on the blank magazine 44 above slide unit substrate 42, be arranged on the vibrator 45 on blank magazine and be arranged on slide unit substrate for being elevated the first lowering or hoisting gear 46 of blank magazine.Slide unit substrate 42 is positioned at above deck plate 1b.First translating rails is made up of the single track that two are parallel to each other.First push unit is the first passing cylinder, and it is arranged on deck plate.The end face of slide unit substrate 42 is provided with the gripper shoe 47 being fixed on slide unit surface by L shape leg.Blank magazine 44 is arranged on above gripper shoe, and blank magazine bottom surface is provided with the first vertical guide pillar and the first Limit screw.The first guide pin bushing that gripper shoe is provided with guide pillar adaptation vertical with first and the first through hole coordinated with the first Limit screw.First Limit screw through the first through hole, and is positioned on the first Limit screw below gripper shoe and is also provided with the first adjusting nut.The first lowering or hoisting gear in the present embodiment is lift cylinder.This lift cylinder is fixing on the supporting plate.Vibrator 45 is arranged on the bottom surface of blank magazine 44.On slide unit substrate 42, be positioned at below blank magazine 44 and be provided with row's material loading push rod 48.This material loading push rod 48 can by following two kinds of Structure composing: one, on slide unit substrate, are positioned at below blank magazine and are provided with a benchmark busbar (i.e. aluminium row), and aluminium row needle tubing on benchmark busbar upward; Above-mentioned material loading push rod is arranged needle tubing by aluminium and is formed.Its two, material loading push rod is directly installed on slide unit substrate, and the end face of material loading push rod is provided with the groove for accommodating crystal blank.The bottom surface of blank magazine 44 is provided with somely goes up material through hole 49 one to one with material loading push rod 48.Material loading push rod 48 is plugged in corresponding upper material through hole 49 from bottom to top.
On slide unit substrate 42, be positioned at blank magazine 44 side and be also provided with the rotary aluminum framed bent 43 that can rotate around the shaft and the first motor 401 for driving rotary aluminum framed bent to rotate.For the rotating shaft of rotary aluminum framed bent 43 and the first translating rails 41 perpendicular.Rotating shaft on rotary aluminum framed bent 43 is fixed on slide unit substrate 42 by bearing block.Rotary aluminum framed bent is tabular.Rotary aluminum framed bent is provided with the lower aluminium row mounting structure (this lower aluminium row mounting structure is with reference to the upper aluminium row mounting structure in upper aluminium row's mounting structure hereinafter and Fig. 7) for installing aluminium row.Lower aluminium row mounting structure is for installing aluminium row 410, and the aluminium row that lower aluminium row mounting structure is installed parallels with the rotating shaft on it.The aluminium row needle tubing of the aluminium row 410 instantly installed in aluminium row mounting structure be in vertically state upward time, the aluminium row upper end of needle tubing of this aluminium row and the upper end of material loading push rod 48 are in sustained height.The slide unit substrate 42 corresponding with rotary aluminum framed bent 43 and deck plate are equipped with and dodge breach 10.Lower aluminium row mounting structure comprises the upper block be arranged on rotary aluminum framed bent, lower block and is arranged on the left of block and lower block or the limited block on right side and arrange the detecting sensor that the aluminium ranking of installing in mounting structure puts for detecting upper and lower aluminium, and detecting sensor and limited block are positioned at the same side of block and lower block.Limited block is provided with to be arranged with lower aluminium the aluminium installed in mounting structure and arranges the screw paralleled, and is provided with Limit screw in this screw.Detecting sensor can be set to position sensor or proximity transducer.The dovetail groove arranged for installing aluminium is formed between upper block and lower block.Lower block is fixed on aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent.Upper block comprises fixed stop and two pieces of active block stops.Fixed stop is fixedly mounted on aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent.Two active block stops are positioned at the same side of fixed stop, and rotary aluminum framed bent is provided with the vertical guide groove suitable with active block stop, and active block stop is slidably arranged on vertical guide groove.Rotary aluminum framed bent is respectively equipped with the 7th lowering or hoisting gear for being elevated active block stop.7th lowering or hoisting gear is the 7th lift cylinder.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 6, gluing powder box mechanism 6 is arranged on portal frame 1d.Gluing powder box mechanism 6 comprises the 3rd translating rails 64 be arranged on the portal frame of frame, can move along the 3rd translating rails and be positioned at the gluing powder box 61 above blank magazine 44, be arranged on for promoting the 3rd push unit 62 of gluing powder box on portal frame, the upper rubber powder be rotatably arranged on portal frame by rotating shaft scrapes 67 and be arranged on portal frame 1d for driving upper rubber powder to scrape 67 around the upper swing mechanism 63 of its shaft swing.3rd translating rails is made up of the single track that two articles are parallel to each other, and the 3rd translating rails 64 is arranged in portal frame by support plate 68.3rd translating rails 64 parallels with the first translating rails 41.3rd push unit 62 is three passing cylinders, and it is arranged on support plate 68.Upper rubber powder is scraped 67 and is positioned at above gluing powder box, and the rotating shaft of scraping of upper rubber powder and the 3rd translating rails 64 perpendicular.The cross section that upper rubber powder scrapes 67 is isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid, and two waists that upper rubber powder is scraped are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the rotating shaft that rubber powder is scraped, namely go up rubber powder and scrape the isosceles triangle of 67 or two waists in isosceles trapezoid cross section are symmetrically distributed in the both sides that rubber powder scrapes the rotating shaft on 7.Upper swing mechanism 63 comprises oscillating cylinder 66 and upper connecting rod 65.The cylinder ends of upper oscillating cylinder is hinged on portal frame, the piston rod end of upper oscillating cylinder and one end of upper connecting rod hinged.The other end of upper connecting rod is fixed in the rotating shaft that rubber powder scrapes.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 7, the first vertical guide 52 be arranged on the portal frame 1d of frame drawn together by Shang Lvpai mechanism bag 5, along the upper aluminium framed bent 51 of the first vertical guide lifting and can be arranged in frame for being elevated the 3rd lowering or hoisting gear 53 of upper aluminium framed bent.Upper aluminium framed bent 51 is in tabular.Upper aluminium framed bent 51 can move to above gluing powder box 61 along the first vertical guide 52.Upper aluminium framed bent 51 is provided with the upper aluminium row mounting structure for installing aluminium row, and the aluminium row 510 that upper aluminium row mounting structure is installed and lower aluminium are arranged the aluminium that mounting structure is installed and arranged 410 and parallel.Upper aluminium row mounting structure comprises the upper block be arranged on aluminium framed bent 51, lower block and is arranged on the left of block and lower block or the limited block 502 on right side and arrange the detecting sensor 501 that the aluminium ranking of installing in mounting structure puts for detecting upper aluminium, and detecting sensor and limited block are positioned at the same side of block and lower block.Limited block 502 is provided with to be arranged with upper aluminium the aluminium installed in mounting structure and arranges 510 screws paralleled, and is provided with Limit screw 503 in this screw.Detecting sensor can be set to position sensor or proximity transducer.The dovetail groove (aluminium is arranged and is provided with dovetails) arranged for installing aluminium is formed between upper block and lower block.Lower block is fixed on aluminium framed bent 51.Upper block comprises fixed stop 504 and two pieces of active block stops 506.Fixed stop 504 is fixedly mounted on aluminium framed bent.Two active block stops 506 are positioned at the same side of fixed stop 504, and above-mentioned limited block 502 and active block stop 506 are positioned at the relative both sides of fixed stop 504.Upper aluminium framed bent 51 is provided with the vertical guide groove suitable with active block stop 506, and active block stop 506 is slidably arranged on vertical guide groove.Upper aluminium framed bent 51 is provided with the 7th lowering or hoisting gear 505 for being elevated active block stop.7th lowering or hoisting gear is the 7th lift cylinder.
As shown in Figure 3, the 3rd lowering or hoisting gear 53 comprises and is arranged on the vertical cylinder 57 of the 3rd on the portal frame 1d of frame and distance caging device.The cylinder body lower end of the 3rd vertical cylinder 57 is fixed on the portal frame 1d top of frame.The cylinder body two ends of the 3rd vertical cylinder 57 are respectively equipped with the piston rod extend out to outside cylinder body, and the lower piston rod wherein arranged down is connected with upper aluminium framed bent 51, and the top of the upper piston rod 55 arranged upward is provided with annular stop projection 56.
Distance caging device comprise be arranged on the 3rd vertical cylinder 53 cylinder deck on spacing dull and stereotyped 54, be arranged on upper piston rod 55 side and the spacing riser 59 paralleled with upper piston rod and being arranged on spacing flat board for promoting the flat-removing air cyclinder 58 that spacing riser 59 moves radially along upper piston rod 55.The spacing side of dull and stereotyped 54 is provided with connection board, and the cylinder ends of above-mentioned flat-removing air cyclinder is fixed on connection board.Spacing dull and stereotyped 54 are provided with limiting through hole.Upper piston rod 55 is through this limiting through hole, and annular stop projection is positioned at spacing dull and stereotyped top.The lower end abutment of spacing riser 59 at spacing dull and stereotyped 54 upper surfaces, and spacing riser 59 is also provided with towards the side of upper piston rod 55 groove of vertically stepping down.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 8, lower rubber powder case structure 3 is positioned at below deck plate 1b, and on erecting bed panel bottom surface.Lower rubber powder case structure 3 comprises and is arranged on the second translating rails 31 in frame, can move along the second translating rails and be positioned at the lower rubber powder carriage 312 below blank magazine 44, be arranged in frame for promoting the second push unit 32 of lower rubber powder carriage, be arranged on the 6th translating rails 33 paralleled in frame and with the second translating rails 31, can move along the 6th translating rails the 6th push unit 34 that rubber powder scrapes installing rack 313 and scrape installing rack for promoting rubber powder.Second translating rails 31 is made up of the single track that two are parallel to each other, and its be arranged on deck plate 1b bottom surface dodge breach 10 both sides.Second translating rails 31 parallels with the first translating rails 41.6th translating rails is made up of the single track that two articles are parallel to each other, and its be also arranged on deck plate bottom surface dodge breach both sides.Second push unit is the second passing cylinder, and it is arranged on the bottom surface of deck plate.6th push unit is the 6th passing cylinder, and it is also arranged on the bottom surface of deck plate.
Recessed platform is provided with in the middle part of lower rubber powder carriage 312.Being provided with lower rubber powder box 37 above lower rubber powder carriage, is be provided with lower rubber powder box above recessed platform specifically.Lower rubber powder box 37 is positioned at below rotary aluminum framed bent 43.Lower rubber powder box 37 bottom surface is provided with the second vertical guide pillar 310 and the second Limit screw 39.The second guide pin bushing that lower rubber powder carriage 312 is provided with guide pillar adaptation vertical with second and the second through hole coordinated with the second Limit screw.Second Limit screw from top to bottom through the second through hole, and is positioned on the second Limit screw below lower rubber powder carriage and is also provided with the second adjusting nut.Lower rubber powder carriage 312 is also provided with the second lowering or hoisting gear 38 for being elevated lower rubber powder box; The second lowering or hoisting gear in the present embodiment is lift cylinder.This lift cylinder is fixed in lower rubber powder carriage.
Rubber powder is scraped installing rack 313 and is positioned at above lower rubber powder box 37, and rubber powder is scraped below installing rack and is provided with installing plate 35.Installing plate 35 end face is provided with the 3rd vertical guide pillar, and rubber powder scrapes the 3rd guide pin bushing that installing rack is provided with the 3rd vertical guide pillar adaptation.Rubber powder is scraped installing rack 313 and is provided with the 6th lowering or hoisting gear 314 for liftable mounting plate 35, and the 6th lowering or hoisting gear in the present embodiment is lift cylinder.Be provided with lower rubber powder below installing plate 35 and scrape 36, this lower rubber powder is scraped and is arranged on installing plate 35 by rotating shaft is rotating, and the rotating shaft of scraping of lower rubber powder and the 6th translating rails 33 perpendicular.Lower rubber powder is scraped 35 and is positioned at above lower rubber powder box 37.The cross section that lower rubber powder is scraped is isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid, and two waists that lower rubber powder is scraped are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the rotating shaft that lower rubber powder is scraped, the isosceles triangle namely descending rubber powder to scrape or two waists in isosceles trapezoid cross section are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the rotating shaft that lower rubber powder is scraped.Rubber powder is scraped installing rack 313 and is provided with for driving lower rubber powder to scrape 36 around the lower swing mechanism 311 of its shaft swing.Lower swing mechanism comprises lower swing cylinder and lower link.The cylinder ends of lower swing cylinder is hinged on rubber powder and scrapes on installing rack, the piston rod end of lower swing cylinder and one end of lower link hinged.The other end of lower link is fixed in the rotating shaft that lower rubber powder scrapes.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 9, blanking mechanism 2 is arranged on below deck plate 1b.This blanking mechanism 2 comprises the blanking box 21 of the upper end open be positioned at below rotary aluminum framed bent 43 and is arranged in frame for being elevated the 5th lowering or hoisting gear 23 of blanking box.On deck plate 1b bottom surface, be positioned at blanking box 21 both sides and be respectively equipped with the 4th vertical guide pillar 22.Blanking box 21 is provided with the 4th guide pin bushing of the vertical guide pillar adaptation with the 4th.5th lowering or hoisting gear 23 is arranged on deck plate 1b bottom surface, and the 5th lowering or hoisting gear in the present embodiment is be arranged on the lift cylinder on deck plate bottom surface.Blanking box 21 upper port place is provided with the cylinder 25 be parallel to each other for a pair, and the shaft parallel of this cylinder and rotary aluminum framed bent 43, namely this cylinder is arranged with the aluminium that rotary aluminum framed bent 43 is installed and is paralleled.Two cylinder surfaces are provided with the radial bristle extended.Cylinder is arranged on blanking box 221 upper port by rotating shaft is rotating.Be connected with a joggle by gear 24 between the rotating shaft of two cylinders.Blanking box is also provided with the second motor 26.Second motor is for driving the rotating shaft of any cylinder in two cylinders, and the second motor in the present embodiment is connected by the rotating shaft of chain-drive mechanism with the cylinder in two cylinders.
As shown in Figure 3, frame 1 is also provided with the aluminium row heater for heating the aluminium row be arranged in upper and lower aluminium row mounting structure.Aluminium row heater comprises aluminium row's heater and lower aluminium row heater.Upper aluminium row heater comprises heating tube 8 and is arranged on portal frame for being elevated the 8th lowering or hoisting gear of upper heating tube.Upper heating tube 8 and upper aluminium are arranged in mounting structure the aluminium installed and arranges 510 and parallel, and the aluminium installed in upper aluminium row mounting structure is arranged.The 8th lowering or hoisting gear in the present embodiment is the lift cylinder be arranged on portal frame.Lower aluminium row heater comprise lower heating tube 9 and be arranged on slide unit substrate 42 for promote lower heating tube away from or near the 7th push unit of rotary aluminum framed bent.Lower heating tube and lower aluminium are arranged in mounting structure the aluminium installed and are arranged and parallel.The 7th push unit in the present embodiment is for passing cylinder.
As shown in Fig. 2, Figure 10, manipulator 7 is arranged on added 1c.This manipulator 7 comprise be arranged on added on the 4th translating rails 73, along the first translation seat stand 75 of the 4th translating rails movement and can be arranged in frame for promoting the 4th push unit of the first translation seat stand.4th translating rails 73 is made up of the horizontal guide that two are parallel to each other, and the first translation seat stand 75 is provided with the pilot hole with guide rod adaptation.4th push unit comprise be arranged on added on the 3rd motor 71 and the first leading screw and nut mechanism 72.The screw mandrel of the first leading screw and nut mechanism 72 is connected with the rotor of the 3rd motor, and the nut of the first leading screw and nut mechanism is fixed on the first translation seat stand 75.Be provided with below first translation seat stand 75 on lifting seat stand 78, first translation seat stand and be also provided with for driving the 4th lowering or hoisting gear being elevated seat stand lifting.4th lowering or hoisting gear comprises the second leading screw and nut mechanism 77, be arranged on two vertical guide holes on the first translation seat stand, be arranged on the vertical guide rod 76 in two vertical guide holes, be arranged on two vertical guide rod 76 upper ends, dull and stereotyped and be arranged on the 4th motor 74 connected on flat board for the connection of two vertical guide rods.The screw mandrel of the second leading screw and nut mechanism 77 vertically arranges and is connected with the rotor of the 4th motor.The nut of the second leading screw and nut mechanism also fixes on the first translation seat stand 75 admittedly.Lifting seat stand 78 is fixed on two vertical guide rod 76 lower ends, and the screw mandrel lower end of the second leading screw and nut mechanism 77 is connected with lifting seat stand.Lifting seat stand 78 is provided with five translating rails perpendicular with the 4th translating rails 73, along the second translation seat stand 710 of the 5th translating rails translation and can be arranged on lifting seat stand for promoting the 5th push unit 79 of the second translation seat stand.5th push unit is for passing cylinder.Electromagnet rotating seat 712 is provided with below second translation seat stand 710.Second translation seat stand is also provided with the whirligig 711 for rotary magnet rotating seat, the whirligig of the present embodiment is rotary cylinder.On electromagnet rotating seat 712, the relative both sides that are positioned at its rotating shaft are respectively equipped with transition station for picking and placeing aluminium row, two transition stations are respectively equipped with the electromagnet apparatus 713 for Al adsorption row.The electromagnet that electromagnet apparatus 713 is in sustained height by two covers is formed.
Aggregation type auxiliary machine of the present invention can coordinate traditional crystal polishing machine to form crystal automatic Polishing system, and then realizes the automated production of traditional crystal polishing machine, as follows in its specific works process:
(1) in upper and lower aluminium row mounting structure, settle aluminium to arrange (aluminium row has body and aluminium row needle tubing to form usually, and aluminium row body side of the present invention is provided with dovetails, and on aluminium row body, arranges iron plate or iron block in order to the electromagnet apparatus 713 of cooperative mechanical hand).
The mode that specifically the picks and places above aluminium row mounting structure of aluminium row is example, as shown in Figure 7, when laying aluminium row, is moved on active block stop 506 by the 7th lowering or hoisting gear 505; Then the dovetails that aluminium is arranged is put between upper block and lower block by manipulator 7, and aluminium is discharged into limited block 502 side and moves; After detecting sensor detects that aluminium is discharged to position, active block stop 506 moves down aluminium row clamping by the 7th lowering or hoisting gear 505, simultaneously the electromagnet apparatus release aluminium row of manipulator.Same, when taking off aluminium row, moving on active block stop 506, then can aluminium row be taken off manipulator 7.
(2), when (being called that upper aluminium is arranged by settling aluminium to arrange in upper aluminium row mounting structure hereinafter, settling aluminium row to be called that lower aluminium is arranged in lower aluminium row mounting structure) after settling aluminium to arrange in upper and lower aluminium row mounting structure; Upper material process (bonding on the aluminium row needle tubing port of upper aluminium row by crystal blank) is carried out to vacant upper aluminium row and upper rubber powder operation (the upper rubber powder of lower aluminium row is that the crystal docking of upper and lower aluminium row is prepared) is carried out to vacant lower aluminium row;
Wherein the process of the upper material process of vacant upper aluminium row is as follows:
A, moves spacing riser 59 toward upper piston rod 55 direction, and makes upper piston rod be positioned at the groove of vertically stepping down of spacing riser, carries out the vertical cylinder 57 of control the 3rd and moves down stroke;
B, the gluing powder box 61 of gluing powder box mechanism 6 moves to upper aluminium row below by the 3rd push unit 62, in gluing powder box 61 moving process by the rubber powder scraped in 67 pairs of gluing powder boxes of rubber powder strike off process; 3rd lowering or hoisting gear 53 of Shang Lvpai mechanism drive upper aluminium framed bent 51 and on upper aluminium row move down and carry out upper rubber powder (rubber powder, completes the upper rubber powder of aluminium row on aluminium row needle tubing port);
C, upper aluminium row moves, and spacing riser 59 moves to outside upper piston rod 55, and gluing powder box 61 is moved to the exclusive side of upper aluminium; By the first push unit 402 the row's material loading push rod 48 on slide unit substrate 42 moved to immediately below upper aluminium row that (blank magazine 44 is for placing crystal blank simultaneously, crystal blank in blank magazine 44 drops down onto material loading push rod 48 top by vibration by upper material through hole 49, then blank magazine 44 moves down under the first lowering or hoisting gear 46 acts on, the upper end of material loading push rod 48 is positioned at above blank magazine 44 bottom surface, thus makes the upper end of each material loading push rod 48 be equipped with a crystal blank;
Then, upper aluminium row is displaced downwardly to above material loading push rod 48 docks crystal blank, then the aluminium row needle tubing that the upper heating tube 8 going up aluminium row heater again moves down upper aluminium is arranged heats, and then by the crystal blank absorption on material loading push rod 48, the aluminium row syringe tip being bonded in upper aluminium row;
Again then, upper aluminium row moves reset.
Wherein the process of the upper rubber powder operation of vacant lower aluminium row is as follows:
A, rotary aluminum framed bent rotates and the lower aluminium row on it is arranged down;
Meanwhile, lower swing mechanism 311 drives lower rubber powder to scrape rubber powder under 36 oscillation adjustment and scrapes spacing between lower rubber powder box bottom surface; Then, the second push unit 32 promotes lower rubber powder box, and in the process of lower rubber powder box movement, (lower rubber powder case structure 3 perform all the time under the rubber powder scraped in 36 lower rubber powder boxes of rubber powder strike off) is scraped and struck off by the rubber powder in lower rubber powder box to lower rubber powder;
B, after the rubber powder instantly in rubber powder box strikes off, rubber powder is scraped installing rack and rubber powder and is scraped and move to above lower rubber powder box by the 6th lowering or hoisting gear 314, and scrapes installing rack and rubber powder by the 6th push unit 4 rubber powder and scrape and move to outside lower rubber powder box; Then, driven on lower rubber powder carriage and lower rubber powder box by the second lowering or hoisting gear 38 and move, thus complete rubber powder on the aluminium row needle tubing port to the lower aluminium row arranged down; After completing the upper rubber powder of lower aluminium row, rotary aluminum framed bent rotates and lower aluminium row is arranged upward.
(3), when (the aluminium row needle tubing port namely going up aluminium row being bonded with brilliant blank glue) after material process on the exclusive side of upper aluminium;
The aluminium of episphere crystal pearl that traditional crystal machine has been polished row is taken off by the electromagnet apparatus 713 on one of them transition station by manipulator, and the electromagnet apparatus 713 on another transition station is vacant;
Then, manipulator is arranged near upper aluminium, and is taken off by the upper aluminium row of vacant electromagnet apparatus 713 by upper honest material; Then, the electromagnet rotating seat of manipulator revolves turnback, the aluminium of episphere crystal of having polished row is installed in the upper aluminium row mounting structure of upper aluminium framed bent 51;
Again then, manipulator near crystal machine, by have crystal blank aluminium row be installed to rubbing down crystal machine carrying out crystal episphere, and the aluminium of good for polishing on crystal machine upper and lower hemisphere crystal (i.e. the crystal of milled) arranged take off;
Simultaneously, lower aluminium row (the lower aluminium row of first-class rubber powder) on rotary aluminum framed bent 43 on slide unit substrate 42 moves to immediately below upper aluminium row by the first push unit 402, and upper aluminium row is displaced downwardly to the crystal of lower aluminium row top to the good episphere of grinding and polishing and docks, when docking, lower heating tube 9 is heated the aluminium row needle tubing that lower aluminium is arranged near lower aluminium row, thus episphere crystal of having polished is docked to lower aluminium row upper (crystal ball being about to have polished is bonded in facing on aluminium row needle tubing, and the crystal ball of not polishing faces outer);
Instantly after aluminium drained one-tenth docking, the aluminium row needle tubing of upper aluminium row is vacant, now go up and aluminium row moves and repeats the upper material process that the upper aluminium in step (2) arranges;
Instantly, after the drained one-tenth docking of aluminium, rotary aluminum framed bent 43 rotates the aluminium that lower aluminium is arranged and arranges needle tubing down; Then, manipulator is arranged near lower aluminium, and the lower aluminium row completing docking is taken off by vacant electromagnet apparatus 713; Again then, the electromagnet rotating seat of manipulator revolves turnback, the aluminium row of good for polishing upper and lower hemisphere crystal is installed in the lower aluminium row mounting structure of rotary aluminum framed bent 43;
When after lower aluminium row rotary aluminum framed bent 43 being changed the crystal of having polished, by lower heating tube 9, the aluminium row needle tubing that lower aluminium is arranged is heated; Then, the lower aluminium row on slide unit substrate 42 moves to directly over the cylinder of blanking mechanism 2 by the first push unit 402; Then, the 5th lowering or hoisting gear 23 promotes blanking mechanism 2 moves, and the second motor 26 drives cylinder to rotate, thus carries out blanking by the crystal of the bristle air exercise milled of cylinder;
Instantly after the crystal blanking on aluminium row, the aluminium row needle tubing of lower aluminium row is vacant, this upper rubber powder operation of lower aluminium row at present in the multiple step (2) of aluminium re-scheduling;
(4) repeat the process of step (3), so circulation realizes automated production.
The crystal automatic Polishing system that aggregation type auxiliary machine of the present invention coordinates traditional crystal polishing machine to be formed, its Shang Lvpai mechanism 5 not only can coordinate gluing powder box mechanism 6 and material loading docking slipway mechanism 4, completes the material loading (upper crystal blank) arranged upper aluminium; And Shang Lvpai mechanism can also coordinate material loading to dock slipway mechanism to complete butt-joint process (be docked to by episphere crystal of having polished lower aluminium row on) between upper and lower aluminium row;
And rotary aluminum framed bent 43, the first motor in material loading docking slide unit machine 4 structure, lower aluminium row's mounting structure and upper peace thereof hold aluminium and arrange the butt-joint process that not only can coordinate between the upper and lower aluminium row of the drained one-tenth of aluminium; But also blanking mechanism 2 can be coordinated to complete blanking.
On the other hand, the crystal automatic Polishing system that aggregation type auxiliary machine of the present invention coordinates traditional crystal polishing machine to be formed, its need 4 aluminium row just can circulate repeatedly carry out automatic charging, docking, blanking machine rubbing down, further simplify control operation process and reduce aluminium row consumption, further improve operating efficiency.

Claims (10)

1. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of a crystal polishing system, it is characterized in that, comprise frame, be arranged in frame material loading docking slipway mechanism (4), be arranged in frame, be positioned at material loading docking slipway mechanism below lower rubber powder case structure (3) and be positioned at material loading docking slipway mechanism above gluing powder box mechanism (6) and Shang Lvpai mechanism (5);
Described material loading docking slipway mechanism comprises the first translating rails (41) be arranged in frame, can along the slide unit substrate (42) of the first translating rails movement, be arranged in frame for promoting the first push unit of slide unit substrate, be arranged on the blank magazine (44) of slide unit surface, be arranged on the vibrator on blank magazine and be arranged on slide unit substrate for being elevated first lowering or hoisting gear (46) of blank magazine; On described slide unit substrate, be positioned at below blank magazine and be provided with row's material loading push rod (48), the bottom surface of described blank magazine is provided with somely goes up material through hole (49) one to one with material loading push rod, and described material loading push rod is plugged in corresponding upper material through hole; On described slide unit substrate, be positioned at blank magazine side and be also provided with the rotary aluminum framed bent (43) that can rotate around the shaft and the first motor for driving rotary aluminum framed bent to rotate, described rotary aluminum framed bent is provided with the lower aluminium row mounting structure for installing aluminium row; And the slide unit substrate corresponding with rotary aluminum framed bent is provided with dodges breach (10);
Described lower rubber powder case structure (3) comprises and is arranged on the second translating rails (31) in frame, can move and the lower rubber powder carriage (312) be positioned at below blank magazine and being arranged in frame for promoting the second push unit of lower rubber powder carriage along the second translating rails; Be provided with lower rubber powder box (37) above described lower rubber powder carriage, and lower rubber powder box being positioned at below rotary aluminum framed bent, lower rubber powder carriage being also provided with the second lowering or hoisting gear (38) for being elevated lower rubber powder box;
Described gluing powder box mechanism (6) comprises the 3rd translating rails be arranged in frame, can move and be positioned at the gluing powder box (61) of blank magazine (44) top and be arranged in frame for promoting the 3rd push unit of gluing powder box along the 3rd translating rails;
Described Shang Lvpai mechanism (5) comprises the first vertical guide be arranged in frame, along the upper aluminium framed bent (51) of the first vertical guide lifting and can be arranged in frame for being elevated the 3rd lowering or hoisting gear of upper aluminium framed bent, upper aluminium framed bent is provided with the upper aluminium row mounting structure for installing aluminium row, and described upper aluminium framed bent (51) can move to gluing powder box (61) top along the first vertical guide; Described frame is also provided with the aluminium row heater for heating the aluminium row be arranged in upper and lower aluminium row mounting structure.
2. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described frame is also provided with the manipulator (7) for picking and placeing aluminium row, this manipulator comprises the 4th translating rails be arranged in frame, along the first translation seat stand (75) of the 4th translating rails movement and can be arranged in frame for promoting the 4th push unit of the first translation seat stand, be provided with lifting seat stand (78) below described first translation seat stand, the first translation seat stand is provided with the 4th lowering or hoisting gear for driving the lifting of lifting seat stand; Described lifting seat stand is provided with five translating rails perpendicular with the 4th translating rails, along the second translation seat stand (710) of the 5th translating rails translation and can be arranged on lifting seat stand for promoting the 5th push unit of the second translation seat stand; Be provided with electromagnet rotating seat (712) below described second translation seat stand, the second translation seat stand be also provided with the whirligig (711) for rotary magnet rotating seat; On described electromagnet rotating seat, the relative both sides that are positioned at its rotating shaft are respectively equipped with transition station for picking and placeing aluminium row, two transition stations are respectively equipped with the electromagnet apparatus (713) for Al adsorption row.
3. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described frame is also provided with blanking mechanism (2), this blanking mechanism comprises the blanking box (21) of the upper end open being positioned at rotary aluminum framed bent (43) below and is arranged in frame for being elevated the 5th lowering or hoisting gear of blanking box; Described blanking box upper port place is provided with the cylinder (25) be parallel to each other for a pair, the shaft parallel of this cylinder and rotary aluminum framed bent; Two cylinder surfaces are provided with the radial bristle extended, described cylinder is arranged on blanking box upper port by rotating shaft is rotating, connected by gears meshing between the rotating shaft of two cylinders, described blanking box is also provided with the second motor, the second motor is for driving the rotating shaft of the cylinder in two cylinders.
4. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of the crystal polishing system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described lower rubber powder case structure (3) also comprises and being arranged in frame and the 6th translating rails (33) paralleled with the second translating rails, can move and the rubber powder be positioned at above lower rubber powder box is scraped installing rack (313) and scraped the 6th push unit (34) of installing rack for promoting rubber powder along the 6th translating rails; Described rubber powder is scraped below installing rack and is provided with installing plate (35), rubber powder is scraped installing rack and is provided with the 6th lowering or hoisting gear for liftable mounting plate, be provided with lower rubber powder below described installing plate to scrape (36), this lower rubber powder is scraped by the rotating installation of rotating shaft on a mounting board, and lower rubber powder is scraped and is positioned at above lower rubber powder box; Described rubber powder is scraped installing rack and is provided with for driving lower rubber powder to scrape lower swing mechanism (311) around its shaft swing.
5. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the cross section that described lower rubber powder scrapes (36) is isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid, and two waists that lower rubber powder is scraped are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the rotating shaft that lower rubber powder is scraped; Described lower swing mechanism comprises lower swing cylinder and lower link, the cylinder ends of described lower swing cylinder is hinged on rubber powder and scrapes on installing rack, the piston rod end of lower swing cylinder and one end of lower link hinged, the other end of lower link is fixed in the rotating shaft that lower rubber powder scrapes.
6. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of the crystal polishing system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described upper and lower aluminium row mounting structure comprises and is arranged on the upper block on aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent, lower block respectively and is arranged on the left of block and lower block or the limited block (502) on right side and arrange the detecting sensor (501) that the aluminium ranking of installing in mounting structure puts for detecting upper and lower aluminium, and detecting sensor and limited block are positioned at the same side of block and lower block;
Form the dovetail groove arranged for installing aluminium between described upper block and lower block, described lower block is fixed on aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent, and described upper block comprises fixed stop (504) and at least one piece of active block stop (505); Described fixed stop is fixedly mounted on aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent, described active block stop is positioned at the same side of fixed stop, and limited block (502) is positioned at the relative both sides of fixed stop (504) with active block stop (506), upper aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent are provided with the vertical guide groove suitable with active block stop, active block stop is slidably arranged on vertical guide groove, described upper aluminium framed bent and rotary aluminum framed bent is respectively equipped with the 7th lowering or hoisting gear (505) for being elevated active block stop.
7. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of the crystal polishing system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that, described 3rd lowering or hoisting gear (53) comprises and is arranged on the vertical cylinder (57) of the 3rd in frame and distance caging device; The cylinder body lower end of the 3rd vertical cylinder is fixed in frame, the cylinder body two ends of the 3rd vertical cylinder are respectively equipped with the piston rod extend out to outside cylinder body, the lower piston rod wherein arranged down is connected with upper aluminium framed bent (51), and the top of the upper piston rod (55) arranged upward is provided with annular stop projection (56); The aluminium row needle tubing of the aluminium row instantly installed in aluminium row mounting structure be in vertically state upward time, the aluminium row upper end of needle tubing of this aluminium row and the upper end of material loading push rod (48) are in sustained height;
Described distance caging device comprises the spacing flat board (54) on the cylinder deck being arranged on the 3rd vertical cylinder (53), is arranged on upper piston rod side and the spacing riser (59) paralleled with upper piston rod and being arranged on spacing flat board for promoting the flat-removing air cyclinder (58) that spacing riser moves radially along upper piston rod; Described spacing flat board is provided with limiting through hole, and described upper piston rod is through this limiting through hole, and annular stop projection is positioned at spacing dull and stereotyped top; The lower end abutment of described spacing riser at spacing dull and stereotyped upper surface, and spacing riser is also provided with towards the side of upper piston rod groove of vertically stepping down.
8. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of the crystal polishing system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described aluminium row heater comprises aluminium row's heater and lower aluminium row heater, upper aluminium row heater comprises heating tube (8) and is arranged in frame for being elevated the 8th lowering or hoisting gear of upper heating tube, described upper heating tube and upper aluminium are arranged in mounting structure the aluminium installed and arranges and parallel, and the aluminium installed in upper aluminium row mounting structure is arranged; Lower aluminium row heater comprise lower heating tube (9) and be arranged on slide unit substrate for promote lower heating tube away from or near the 7th push unit of rotary aluminum framed bent, described lower heating tube and lower aluminium are arranged the interior aluminium installed of mounting structure and are arranged and parallel.
9. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of the crystal polishing system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described gluing powder box mechanism is comprised the upper rubber powder be rotatably arranged in frame by rotating shaft and scrapes and be arranged on for driving upper rubber powder to scrape upper swing mechanism around its shaft swing in frame, and upper rubber powder is scraped and is positioned at above gluing powder box; The cross section that upper rubber powder is scraped is isosceles triangle or isosceles trapezoid, and two waists that upper rubber powder is scraped are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the rotating shaft that rubber powder is scraped; Described upper swing mechanism comprises oscillating cylinder and upper connecting rod, and the cylinder ends of described upper oscillating cylinder is hinged in frame, the piston rod end of upper oscillating cylinder and one end of upper connecting rod hinged, the other end of upper connecting rod is fixed in the rotating shaft that rubber powder scrapes.
10. the aggregation type auxiliary machine of the crystal polishing system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described frame (1) comprises the underframe (1a) in frame structure, the deck plate (1b) at underframe top is set, is arranged on added (1c) in frame structure above deck plate and is arranged on above deck plate and is positioned at added portal frame (1d); Described lower rubber powder case structure (3) is positioned at below deck plate, and on erecting bed panel bottom surface, the second translating rails of lower rubber powder case structure is arranged on deck plate bottom surface; Described material loading docking slipway mechanism (4) is arranged on deck plate end face, and is positioned at portal frame, and the deck plate relative with dodging breach is also provided with dodges breach, and the first translating rails of material loading docking slipway mechanism is arranged on deck plate end face; Described gluing powder box mechanism (6) and Shang Lvpai mechanism (5) are arranged on portal frame.
CN201310365966.0A 2013-08-21 2013-08-21 The aggregation type auxiliary machine of crystal polishing system Active CN103447915B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN109277914A (en) * 2017-07-19 2019-01-29 浦江县丹钊水晶有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic crystal lapping and buffing machine
CN109080111B (en) * 2018-09-21 2024-01-02 浙江永耀机械科技有限公司 Cover plate type plastic suction feeding device
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CN110026865B (en) * 2019-04-16 2024-05-14 浦江联力工贸有限公司 Crystal plane polishing production line with double aluminum rows circulating
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