CN103444931B - Afternoon tea bag for health preservation in spring - Google Patents

Afternoon tea bag for health preservation in spring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103444931B
CN103444931B CN201310343715.2A CN201310343715A CN103444931B CN 103444931 B CN103444931 B CN 103444931B CN 201310343715 A CN201310343715 A CN 201310343715A CN 103444931 B CN103444931 B CN 103444931B
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tea
spring
bag
fruit
particle
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CN103444931A (en
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杜静雅
安俊奇
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GUIZHOU QIAN MARGIN OF TEA INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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GUIZHOU QIAN MARGIN OF TEA INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to an afternoon tea bag for health preservation in spring. The afternoon tea bag is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 2-3 parts of spring white tea particles, 2-3 parts of liquorice particles, 1-2 parts of wolfberry fruit particles and 1-2 parts of hawthorn particles. A preparation method of the afternoon tea bag comprises the following steps: after drying a finished product of white tea, grinding the white tea for later use; adding processed honey into raw liquorice tablets, drying at a constant temperature, and grinding the liquorice tablets for later use; after carrying out vacuum freeze-drying on fresh wolfberry fruit, grinding the wolfberry fruit for later use; after carrying out microwave drying on hawthorn, grinding the hawthorn for later use; and after evenly mixing the ground products, carrying out high-temperature sterilization and subpackaging to obtain the afternoon tea bag. According to the afternoon tea bag, materials are reasonably selected and matched based on the principle of health preservation in four seasons, and the prepared afternoon tea bag for health preservation has the characteristics that particles are uniform, nutritional and nourishing effects are achieved, fresh and natural tastes are realized and the like, can improve the immunity of a human body, and is especially suitable for being drunk by the crowd having sleep disorders, catching a cold easily and often feeling tired as well as patients with high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high blood sugar, and suitable for being used as the afternoon tea for health preservation in spring.

Description

Take care of health a kind of spring afternoon tea tea in bag
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of healthful tea, particularly relate to a kind of spring and take care of health afternoon tea tea in bag.
Background technology
Spring, health preserving tea came from Taoism Books " Taoist Scriptures ", used in early days in Taoism inside and imperial palace always.In spring, liver-yang hyperactivity spleen is weak, take spring tea can strengthening the spleen and stomach, liver-smoothing, qi-regulating, inspire enthusiasm, strengthen premunition.The traditional Chinese medical science is thought, spring gas leads to liver, and spring easily makes liver-yang hyperactivity.Liver opening at eye, if deficiency of liver-blood, then easily makes two xerophtalmias, blurring of vision.Meanwhile, the traditional Chinese medical science also has saying of five-element's nourishing the liver in spring, the suitable Shugan Qingre of golden shape people, the suitable soothing liver and strengthening spleen of wooden shape people, and water shape people's air defense cold-dampness is invaded, and the suitable soothing liver-qi stagnation of fiery shape people, native shape people should invigorating the spleen to clear away damp pathogen.All things on earth germinating in spring, established the yang function the time just, the traditional Chinese medical science represents " taking good care of YANG in spring and summer, taking good care of YIN in autumn and winter ", and the liver belonging to wood is corresponding to the spring, and spring is when liver-yang hyperactivity is contained, and edema with the liver involved gram spleen soil, easy impairing the spleen and stomach, therefore health in spring will turn round and look at liver and protect taste.Because liver-yang hyperactivity can have influence on spleen, so now people should eat Shugan Qingre more, the product of beneficial lung kidney tonifying, as the sweet taste such as date, Radix Glycyrrhizae diet, thus the gas of tonifying spleen and stomach, prevention liver-yang hyperactivity crosses the fraud of Sheng.
Spring, human body easily felt sleepy weak, showed as spring sleepiness phenomenon.Drink spring tea and can alleviate the harmful effect that spring sleepiness brings.Strong tea perfume (or spice) can promote human body hair tonic, makes us in high spirits, brain is clear-headed, unobstructed in five, thus effectively eliminates spring sleepiness, increases work efficiency.Spring tea is enriched due to tea tree nutriment, so mesophyll is plump, aromatic substance and vitamin content higher, fresh taste, fragrance is strong, and profile bar rope tight knot is heavy real.The green profit of usual green tea color and luster, black tea Wu Run, quality is better.Spring moderate temperature, rainfall is abundant, adds the rehabilitation that tea tree have passed through winter half a year, make spring tea shoot big and fleshy, color and luster is emerald green, and the food value of leaf is soft, and containing abundant vitamin, particularly amino acid, not only make that spring tea flavour is fresh and alive and pleasant aroma is rich in health-care effect.
There is not yet the health protection tea for health in afternoon in spring in the market, health preserving tea many employings plurality of Chinese composition of the prior art mixes obtained with tealeaves proportioning, its formula is not that the difference needed according to time, morning and evening and human body is selected, sometimes, complicated health preserving tea composition easily causes the burden of health on the contrary.
Disclosed in CN102349585B, a kind of skin beautifying tea bag containing white tea, is for raw material with white tea, lotus leaf, cassia seed, hawthorn, chrysanthemum, folium sennae, mung bean, Radix Glycyrrhizae; Mung bean, cassia seed are placed in roller respectively and pulverize into fine powder; Other each component raw material is put into respectively and cuts tea machine and be cut into shred; The shred cut and the fine powder pulverized are put into dryer respectively dry, temperature controls between 90 DEG C-110 DEG C; White tea shred after drying is put into and trembles screen(ing) machine and arrange, remove impurity; After each component raw material in proportion Homogeneous phase mixing, put into dryer and dry with the temperature of 100 DEG C-120 DEG C; Bag bubble packaging.The beauty treatment beautifying tea that the program is is raw material with white tea, hawthorn, Radix Glycyrrhizae etc. is not the popular health being suitable for afternoon in spring.
And for example a kind of throat-clearing throat-moistening health protection tea disclosed in CN102028058B, for raw material with radix polygonati officinalis, wrinkled giant hyssop, peppermint, chrysanthemum, Radix Glycyrrhizae, hawthorn, XIAKUQIU, dark plum, the sterculia seed, honeysuckle, Chinese olive, Momordica grosvenori, oolong tea and white tea, after above material dry, add water and clean up, remove dust, dry, pulverize 80 orders, disinfection by ultraviolet light, allocate in proportion, load in the thin bag of tea filter.Although contain the raw materials such as white tea, hawthorn, Radix Glycyrrhizae in program formula, radix polygonati officinalis wherein prohibits clothes for stagnation of QI due to phlegm-damp person, the careful clothes of insufficiency of the spleen loose stool person, avoids greatly for person cold in yin disease.
Although above-mentioned health care or nutrition tea disclose health-care effects different separately, but all clearly do not propose for Various Seasonal or different division of day and night, the collocation of any tea and Chinese medicine or food materials actually, can reach health care that is good, that be adapted to the different division of day and night in four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the object of the present invention is to provide the afternoon tea tea in bag that takes care of health a kind of spring, compensate in prior art the deficiency not yet having the afternoon tea that takes care of health spring, additionally provide the preparation method of this health in spring afternoon tea.
The invention provides following technical scheme:
Take care of health a kind of spring afternoon tea tea in bag, and this tea in bag is made in accordance with the following methods by spring tea white tea granule 2 ~ 3 weight portion, licorice root particles 2 ~ 3 weight portion, fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle 1 ~ 2 weight portion, haw thorn granule 1 ~ 2 weight portion:
(1) get the white tea of finished product spring tea, airing is dried to aridity >=85%, pulverizes as granularity is the particle of 0.5 ~ 2mm, for subsequent use;
(2) get raw licorice tablet, add the refined honey of 25%, vexed run through the heart after, be placed in electric heating constant temperature drying oven, dry 80min at 60 DEG C, dries to aridity >=85%, with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing for granularity is the particle of 0.5 ~ 2mm, for subsequent use;
(3) get the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry, with vacuum freeze drier quick-frozen to-30 DEG C, then be decompressed to 30Pa, then be warming up to 60 DEG C, constant voltage keeps 20h, carries out vacuum freeze drying to aridity >=85%, with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing for granularity is the particle of 0.5 ~ 2mm, for subsequent use;
(4) get hawthorn, adopt microwave drying, 100% firepower, is dried to preserved fruit aridity >=85%, is the particle of 0.5 ~ 2mm with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing, for subsequent use;
(5) after step (1), (2), (3), (4) gains being mixed by weight ratio, carry out sterilizing 10 ~ 20s through 130 ~ 140 DEG C, high-temperature sterilization baking oven, cross the whole grain of 10 ~ 35 mesh sieve, be distributed into the tea in bag of every bag of 5g.
Aforementioned preparation method, the white tea of spring tea in step (1) is Fuding white tea, in carrying out harvesting processing the 4-5 month in spring.
Aforementioned preparation method, the granularity that in step (1), (2), (3), (4), particle is pulverized is 1mm.
Aforementioned preparation method, in the mixture of step (5), the white tea granule of spring tea is 3 weight portions, and licorice root particles is 2 weight portions, and fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle is 1 weight portion, and haw thorn granule is 1 weight portion.
Aforementioned preparation method, crosses the whole grain of 20 mesh sieve in step (5).
Technical basis of the present invention is as follows:
The present invention's white tea of spring tea used is the white tea made for raw material with the tealeaves of gathering spring, in carrying out harvesting processing the 4-5 month in spring, because spring tea germinating time is longer, bud head is stout and strong, white tea best in quality in the Bai Chawei four seasons made from spring tea, is not only rich in several amino acids, has soup look yellowish green limpid, the quality characteristic that light time of flavour is sweet, also there are Dealcoholic sobering-up, clearing heat and moistening lung, bring down a fever drive away summer heat, the effect such as flat liver benefit blood, eliminating inflammation and expelling toxin, step-down fat reducing, dispelling fatigue.White tea also has radio-opaque substance simultaneously, has significant protective effect, can reduce the harm of TV radiation to the hematopoietic function of human body.The flavonoids natural materials such as the dibydro myricetrin be rich in white tea can protect liver, and accelerating alcohol metabolism product acetaldehyde decomposes rapidly, becomes innocuous substance, reduces hepatocellular infringement; Dibydro myricetrin can improve the serum lactic dehydrogenase (SLDH) vigor increase that hepatocellular injury causes, suppress the fibriilar formation of liver property M cell glue, thus play the effect of liver protecting, significantly reduce ethanol to the damage of liver, liver normal condition is restored rapidly.
The free-radical contents of the Fuding white tea that the present invention is used is minimum, has beautifying and antisenility, the light aging of prevention Skin Cell, lowering blood-fat and reducing weight, downgrades blood sugar, regulation and control uric acid, excessive consumption of alcohol causes alcoholic liver injury, anti-inflammatory relieves inflammation or internal heat in reparation, resist the remarkable efficacy such as virus.Fuding white tea can not only effectively remove excessive oxygen radical, the vigor of effective enhancing Skin Cell and cranial nerve cell and multiplication capacity, effectively can also increase the quantity of the beneficial bacterium such as Bifidobacterium, lactic acid bacteria in enteron aisle, reduce the quantity of the harmful bacterias such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella, gold-coloured staphylococci, play the distribution of balance intestinal microorganism species, effective coordinating intestines and stomach function.
The present invention Radix Glycyrrhizae used is help, qi-invigorating herb.The content of Radix Glycyrrhizae acid is many about 10, also has the multiple components such as glycyrrhizin, sweet mellow wine, glucose.Wherein, glycyrrhizic acid has reducing blood lipid and study of anti-atherogenic effect, some poisonous substance is had to the detoxication of similar glucuronic acid, also has " hydrotropy effect ", can strengthen the solubility of other medicines in water; Glycyrrhizin contributes to balancing the hormone-content in women's body.Because Radix Glycyrrhizae has antiinflammatory action, take throat and tunica mucosa tracheae that Radix Glycyrrhizae can also protect inflammation.These beneficial effects of Radix Glycyrrhizae make Radix Glycyrrhizae be applicable to four seasons health tea-drinking.Add that the sugariness of Radix Glycyrrhizae is very high, can be in harmonious proportion peculiar smell, ensure that the mouthfeel of health preserving tea.But the consumption of Radix Glycyrrhizae needs carefully to hold, otherwise easy raising blood pressure, cause the side effect such as oedema, Diagnostic value.Reasonable raw material proportioning in the present invention, can give full play to the helpful effect of Radix Glycyrrhizae, and avoid the excessive side effect brought of Radix Glycyrrhizae.
The present invention's fruit of Chinese wolfberry used is the dry mature fruit of plant of Solanaceae lycium barbarum, its taste is sweet, property is put down, there is effect of liver-kidney tonifying, the traditional Chinese medical science be used for treatment liver-kidney Yin deficiency, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, dizziness, forgetful, dizzy, the many tear of blurred vision, quench one's thirst, the illness such as seminal emission.Modern pharmacology research confirm the fruit of Chinese wolfberry adjustable body's immunity, can effectively Tumor suppression grow and cell mutation, have delay senility, AFL, adjusting blood lipid and blood sugar, the aspect such as promotion hematopoiesis function effect.From the angle of nutrition, the nutrition of the fruit of Chinese wolfberry is very abundant, containing amino acid such as inosine, glutamic acid, L-aminobutanedioic acid, arginine, containing 4 grams, protein, 0.8 gram, fat, carbohydrate 19.3 grams, calcium 55 milligrams, 86 milligrams, phosphorus, carrotene 8.6 milligrams in every 100 grams; The fruit of Chinese wolfberry contains the required nutrition of the healthy eye such as calcium, iron such as abundant carrotene, retinol1, B1, B2, C, has function of improving eyesight, is coordinated his medicine to treat deficiency of liver-blood, blurring of vision that deficiency of kidney-YIN causes and yctalopia by ancient Chinese medicine doctor.Reduce blood pressure because the fruit of Chinese wolfberry has, the effect of blood fat and blood sugar, can not only atherosclerosis, protection liver, resists fatty liver, promotes liver cell regeneration; That can also reduce Radix Glycyrrhizae in raw material of the present invention to a certain extent rises blood pressure effect.From above beneficial effect, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry is applicable to the four seasons and takes care of health nourishing tea-drinking.
The present invention hawthorn used is the fruit of rosaceous plant hawthorn, its slightly warm in nature, and taste is sweet, sour, containing beneficiating ingredients such as tartaric acid, citric acid, crataegolic acid, flavonoids, lactone, carbohydrate and glucosides, and can medicine-food two-purpose.Hawthorn energy appetite-stimulating indigestion-relieving, particularly offsets carnivorous stagnant effect fine.Hawthorn energy prevention and cure of cardiovascular disease, has hemangiectasis, increases CF, improves heart vigor, stimulating central nervous system system, reduces blood pressure and cholesterol, softening blood vessel and diuresis and sedation.Flavonoids contained by hawthorn and the substance such as vitamin C, carrotene block and reduce the generation of free radical, can strengthen the immunity of body, have anti-aging, anticancer effect.Also have containing lipolytic enzyme, tannin etc. and have inhibiting composition to Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, shigella dysenteriae in hawthorn, can relieving asthma reduce phlegm, anti-bacteria, treatment abdominal pain diarrhea.Hawthorn is used for health tea-drinking, the effect of health care can be strengthened.
Different according to the demand of human body each period among one day, the selection of tealeaves is also discrepant, and drinking early morning tea in the morning can refresh oneself with the morning, at noon, afternoon drink middle tea can nourishing the stomach, restoring consciouness, increase work efficiency.White tea, compared with black tea, green tea, is more suitable for drinking afternoon.This is because white tea is slight fermented tea, remain more Tea Polyphenols, light time of its flavour is sweet, and its antifatigue effect is more remarkable, and white tea has to bring down a fever and falls effect of fire, and applicable afternoon drinks, and can alleviate the situation of human body fatiguability in afternoon, dysphoria with smothery sensation.And black tea is full fermented tea, theaflavin, thearubigin are more, and aroma substance is more than green tea, flavour is aromatic and gentle, its nourishing stomach and spleen, digestant effect are better, are applicable to very much the needs of human body period at noon, avoid noon human body to take in more food and dyspeptic situation.Green tea is non-fermented tea, and Tea Polyphenols, caffeine content are higher, and flavour is comparatively pained strong, and its effect that produces refreshing effect to the mind is better, is suitable for morning or drink in the morning.Tea in bag raw material provided by the invention simply and not loses nutrition, the scientific and reasonable and tea in bag of natural health of proportioning can antifatigue, bring down a fever and fall fire, trophic disturbance can be avoided while guarantee nutrition again.
In order to make those of ordinary skill in the art better understand the present invention, the applicant has carried out series of experiment research, to prove effect of the present invention:
Experimental example 1 recipe determination is tested
1 materials and methods
1.1 materials and reagent
White tea: the white tea of spring tea, commercially available; Licorice tablet: Chinese medicine, commercially available; The fruit of Chinese wolfberry: Chinese medicine, commercially available; Hawthorn: commercially available; Food bag is made tea dedicated packing paper: commercially available, meets GB11680 base paper for foodstuff packaging sanitary standard.
1.2 instrument and equipment
Electronic balance: Shanghai Jing Hai Instrument Ltd.;
GZX-9070 type digital display air dry oven: Medical Equipment Plant of Shanghai Boxun Industrial Co., Ltd..
1.3 experimental technique
1.3.1 experimental design
White for spring tea tea, licorice tablet, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry and hawthorn are dried respectively and pulverizes as granularity is the particle of 0.5 ~ 2mm, the tea in bag of different formulations is mixed into the proportioning shown in table 1, the weight that every bag is made tea is 5g, brews 5 ~ 10min with the boiling water of 250mL80 ~ 90 DEG C.Get the white tea of 5g spring tea, licorice tablet, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry and hawthorn respectively to steep separately, observe that it is dark brown, taste its taste, its advantage of overall merit and shortcoming, determine experimental factor minimum zone.
Table 1 tea in bag formula
1.3.2 sensory evaluation
Adopt hedonic scoring system, evaluate the quality of tea in bag respectively with flavour, fragrance, soup look, outward appearance 4 angles, total score 100 points, filters out the mix proportion scheme that mouthfeel is pretty good.Sensory evaluation full marks standard is in table 2.
Table 2 sense organ is with evaluation full marks standard
1.4 results and analysis
1.4.1 white tea, Radix Glycyrrhizae, fruit of Chinese wolfberry proportioning primary election result
When soaking with the white tea of 5g spring tea, Radix Glycyrrhizae or the fruit of Chinese wolfberry separately, white tea soak is yellow green, and flavour is salubrious, and give off a strong fragrance, tasty and refreshing property is good, but taste is partially light; Radix Glycyrrhizae soak is faint yellow, has sweet taste, and also have a little astringent taste, mouthfeel is not ideal enough simultaneously; Fruit of Chinese wolfberry soak is light crocus, and flavour is micro-sweet, but sweet taste is very light; The independent soak of hawthorn is faint yellow, has fruital, and taste is micro-sour-sweet, but slightly acerbity.Based on the above results, the sweet taste of the fruit of Chinese wolfberry and Radix Glycyrrhizae can be utilized to relax the bitter taste of white tea, therefore subjective appreciation can be determined in the ratio range shown in table 1.
1.4.2 different ratios of raw materials is on the impact of tea in bag sensory evaluation
By 8 kinds of different ratio combinations that white tea, Radix Glycyrrhizae and the fruit of Chinese wolfberry obtain by primary dcreening operation, carry out sensory evaluation to the tea after soaking, result is as shown in table 3.
The proportioning of the white tea of table 3, Radix Glycyrrhizae and the fruit of Chinese wolfberry is on the impact of tea in bag organoleptic quality
As shown in Table 2, when the proportioning of white tea, Radix Glycyrrhizae, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry and hawthorn is at 3:2:1:1, no matter tea in bag is from flavour, fragrance, Tang Se or outward appearance aspect, and score is all higher, and sensory evaluation total score is the highest.When the proportioning of white tea/Radix Glycyrrhizae and hawthorn/fruit of Chinese wolfberry is less than 2:1 or is greater than 3:2, the score of flavour, fragrance, Tang Se and outward appearance aspect is lower, and sensory evaluation total score is lower.Therefore, the ratio range of white tea, Radix Glycyrrhizae, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry and hawthorn is in (2 ~ 3): (2 ~ 3): (1 ~ 2): drink best results time (1 ~ 2).
Experimental example 2 health-care effect is tested
2.1 experimental technique
By 300 dyssomniases, easy to catch cold, often feel people tired out and the high patient of part three, of all ages, sex, as study subject, be divided into 6 groups at random, often organize 50 people; As the period of time for approval in spring during choosing twenty-four solar terms the beginning of spring to the Beginning of summer (spring) this section, using during the Beginning of summer to the beginning of autumn as the period of time for approval in summer, being the period of time for approval in autumn during the beginning of autumn to the Beginning of Winter, being the period of time for approval in winter during the Beginning of Winter to the beginning of spring; Being the early morning tea time with 7 o'clock to 11 o'clock morning, is between the tea time at noon with at 10 at noon at 14 in afternoon, with at 14 o'clock in afternoon by 19 o'clock for teatime.Do following process respectively for each group:
Group 1: allow the teatime of study subject every day in the period of time for approval in spring be soaked as drink tea by health preserving tea of the present invention, dailyly drinks, and in afternoon one bag every day, observes the situation of change that study subject is healthy;
Group 2: allow the early morning tea time of study subject every day in the period of time for approval in spring the present invention be soaked and drink, in morning one bag every day, observes the situation of change that study subject is healthy;
Group 3: allow between the tea time at noon of study subject every day in the period of time for approval in spring, the present invention to be soaked and drink, at noon one bag every day, observe the situation of change that study subject is healthy;
Group 4: allow the teatime of study subject every day in the period of time for approval in summer the present invention be soaked and drink, in afternoon one bag every day, observes the situation of change that study subject is healthy.;
Group 5: allow study subject in the fall in the period of time for approval teatime of every day the present invention soaked drink, in afternoon one bag every day, observe the situation of change that study subject is healthy;
Group 6: allow study subject in the winter time in the period of time for approval teatime of every day the present invention soaked drink, in afternoon one bag every day, observe the situation of change that study subject is healthy.
After each group of period of time for approval terminates, with substantially without improving, slightly improving, improve, be obviously improved as 4 grades of evaluation criterions, the healthy change of each group of study subject is taken statistics, by efficient=(slightly improve number of cases+improve number of cases+obviously improve number of cases)/total number of cases, the results are shown in Table 4.
2.2 experimental result
The healthy result of variations of table 4 study subject
Group Substantially without improvement Slightly improve Improve Obvious improvement Efficient
1 1 6 17 26 98%
2 13 15 17 5 74%
3 16 20 8 3 62%
4 19 20 7 4 62%
5 21 23 5 1 58%
6 24 18 6 2 52%
From above result, the healthy result of variations of study subject of group 1 is the most obvious, after study subject drinks the present invention, equal can feel improve before sleep quality ratio is drunk a lot, insomnia reduces, especially the tested crowd of person in middle and old age, majority feel that the resistance of health to disease strengthens to some extent, tested crowd easy to catch cold after the drinking the present invention immunity to flu significantly improves, also have groups of people can feel that symptom tired out also disappears thereupon, the blood pressure of three high patients, blood fat and blood sugar do not occur raising phenomenon, decrease on the contrary.Group 2, group 3 are experimental result the present invention being used for health in morning in spring and health at noon in spring, group 4, group 5, group 6 are respectively experimental result the present invention being used for summer, autumn, health in afternoon in winter, added up by above result and efficiently to find out, health protection tea of the present invention is applicable to the health in afternoon in spring.
Experimental example 3 technical study is tested
3.1 disintegrating process tests
3.1.1 test method
Take 500g Fuding white tea spring tea at random, be equally divided into 5 parts, every part of 100g, be numbered 1 ~ 5 group respectively, 1 ~ No. 5 white tea is pulverized respectively for particle diameter be 0.4,0.5,1.0,2.0, the white tea granule of 2.2mm, cross 20 mesh sieves, obtain white tea granule sample, select quality white tea granule sample preferably by sensory review, thus obtain preferred powder particle diameter scope.
3.1.2 result of the test
White tea granule sensory review result is as shown in table 5.
The white tea granule sensory review result of table 5
As shown in Table 5, the white tea sample of powder particle diameter scope between 0.5 ~ 2.0mm, its quality aggregate performance is obviously better than particle diameter 0.4mm(lower than 0.5mm) or 2.2mm(higher than 2.0mm) white tea sample.Wherein, particle diameter is that the white tea sample quality of 1mm is best.
3.2 Radix Glycyrrhizae processing technology tests
3.2.1 test method
Get raw licorice tablet, be divided into three groups at random, with following three kinds of processing method process Radix Glycyrrhizaes, obtain three kinds of samples, then measure the glycyrrhizic acid content of three kinds of samples, moisture, total ash and acid-insoluble ash according to the correlation technique described in " Chinese Pharmacopoeia " 2010 editions; Ocular estimate is according to the correlated traits requirement of " Chinese Pharmacopoeia " 2010 editions to Radix Glycyrrhizae (processed with honey), and whether objective evaluation medicine materical crude slice color and luster is even, has tarnish, and sticky hand degree how, with or without focal spot; 4 kinds of methods are concocted medicine materical crude slice and are put into sealing bag sealing preservation respectively by quality stability (period of storage), observe quality condition every 10 days.Comprehensive above measurement result obtains best Radix Glycyrrhizae fabrication process condition.
Group 1: adopt traditional processing method, namely processs method preparation by " Chinese Pharmacopoeia " 2010 editions liquorice root honeys.Extracting liquorice sheet, fries to yellow to buff according to honey method of processing, takes out time tack-free.
Group 2: adopt freeze-day with constant temperature processing method, is about to the refined honey that raw licorice tablet adds 25%, vexed run through the heart after, individual layer is laid on pallet, is placed in electric heating constant temperature drying oven, dry 80min at 60 DEG C, takes out, dries in the air cool.
Group 3: adopt micro-wave drying method, is about to the refined honey that raw licorice tablet adds 25%, vexed run through the heart after, individual layer is laid on micro-wave oven purpose-made pallet, is placed in micro-wave oven, in dry 5.5min under low firepower, take out, dry in the air cool.
3.2.2 result of the test
Through test determination, adopting traditional processing method with group 1() compared with obtained licorice tablet, the glycyrrhizic acid content of group 2, group 3 made licorice tablets all increases, moisture all reduces.Wherein, group 2(adopts freeze-day with constant temperature processing method) the glycyrrhizic acid increase of made licorice tablet is the most obvious, group 3(adopts micro-wave drying method) glycyrrhizic acid content of made licorice tablet slightly increases, but little with traditional processing method comparing difference.In addition, organize 2, the made licorice tablet moisture of group 3 all obviously reduces.
From evaluating in appearance, the obtained licorice tablet color and luster of group 1 is uneven, glossy but have focal spot, tack-free; The licorice tablet uniform color that group 2, group 3 are obtained, glossy and without focal spot, tack-free.
From quality stability evaluation, by 1 time on the every 10th, the observation amounting to 9 times finds, sticky hand phenomenon appearred in the licorice tablet that group 1 obtains 30 days time, occurs going mouldy, occur damaging by worms when 60 days 40 days time; The licorice tablet that group 2, group 3 obtain does not find to go mouldy and damage by worms.
Comprehensive above result of the test, draws group 2(employing freeze-day with constant temperature method) obtained licorice tablet performance optimal.
3.3 fruit of Chinese wolfberry processing technology tests
3.3.1 test method
Get the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry, be divided into three groups at random, carry out following three kinds of processing process, obtain three kinds of samples, and compare the quality of three kinds of fruit of Chinese wolfberry samples, thus select optimum processing method.
Group 1: adopt natural drying method, namely select spacious ventilation part, fresh fructus lycii is divided airing 4 ~ 9 days, thickness 2cm, regains after the fruit of Chinese wolfberry parches.
Group 2: adopt hot-air seasoning, namely hot-air is added with hot-blast stove, with blower fan, hot blast is sent into baking oven, contact with the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry and realize heat drying, first use about the heated-air drying 6h of temperature 40 DEG C ~ 45 DEG C, 0.15m/s, use about the heated-air drying 20h of temperature 60 C, wind speed 0.15 ~ 0.25m/s again, finally process with about the heated-air drying 20h of temperature 65 DEG C, wind speed 0.15 ~ 0.25m/s, regain after the fruit of Chinese wolfberry parches.
Group 3: adopt vacuum freeze-drying method, first by the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry, with vacuum freeze drier quick-frozen to-30 DEG C, then be decompressed to 30Pa, then be warming up to 60 DEG C, constant voltage keeps 20h, and finally sealed is preserved.
3.3.2 result of the test
Through test determination, group 1(adopts natural drying method) obtained by the fruit of Chinese wolfberry the longest for drying time, loss of effective components is comparatively large, runs into rainy weather and easily goes rotten rotten.Group 2(adopts hot-air seasoning) obtained by effective components of fruit of Chinese wolfberry loss comparatively large, inferior quality.Group 3(adopt vacuum freeze-drying method) obtained by fruit of Chinese wolfberry color and luster scarlet, nutritive loss is few, and dry mass is high, water content≤3%, be easy to preserve.Therefore, the preferred vacuum freeze-drying method of the processing method of the fruit of Chinese wolfberry.
Present invention incorporates the broken technique of preferred white tea powder, Radix Glycyrrhizae processing method and fruit of Chinese wolfberry processing method, scientific and reasonable, process, it is salubrious that made tea in bag product has flavour, and the fragrant pleasant feature of tea, has the effect of health care.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: according to four seasons health principle, rationally to draw materials collocation, obtained life-nourishing tea bag has uniform particles, nutritious tonifying, the features such as mouthfeel is fresh and clean, body immunity can be improved, especially be applicable to dyssomnias, easy to catch cold, often feel that crowd tired out and three high patients drink, be suitable for use as health in afternoon in spring tea-drinking.The present invention adopts specific drying process, by each raw material rear decomposite mode of dry, pulverizing respectively, not only remains the natural original flavor of raw material, also simplify production process, reduce production cost.
Specific embodiment mode
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but do not form limiting the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
(1) get finished product Fuding white tea spring tea, airing is dried to aridity >=85%, pulverizes as granularity is the particle of 1mm, for subsequent use;
(2) get raw licorice tablet, add the refined honey of 25%, vexed run through the heart after, be placed in electric heating constant temperature drying oven, dry 80min at 60 DEG C, dries to aridity >=85%, and the particle being 1mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(3) get the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry, with vacuum freeze drier quick-frozen to-30 DEG C, then be decompressed to 30Pa, then be warming up to 60 DEG C, constant voltage keeps 20h, carries out vacuum freeze drying to aridity >=85%, the particle being 1mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing, for subsequent use;
(4) get hawthorn, adopt microwave drying, 100% firepower, is dried to preserved fruit aridity >=85%, and the particle being 1mm with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(5) the white tea granule 3kg of spring tea of step (1), (2), (3), (4) gained is got, licorice root particles 2kg, fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle 1kg, haw thorn granule 1kg, after mixing, carry out sterilizing 10 ~ 20s through 130 ~ 140 DEG C, high-temperature sterilization baking oven, cross the whole grain of 10 ~ 35 mesh sieve, be distributed into the tea in bag of every bag of 5g.
Usage and dosage: boiling water is taken after being infused in hot water or decoction, one time 1 bag, afternoon 1 time every day in spring.
Embodiment 2
(1) get finished product Fuding white tea spring tea, airing is dried to aridity >=85%, pulverizes as granularity is the particle of 0.5mm, for subsequent use;
(2) get raw licorice tablet, add the refined honey of 25%, vexed run through the heart after, be placed in electric heating constant temperature drying oven, dry 80min at 60 DEG C, dries to aridity >=85%, and the particle being 0.5mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(3) get the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry, with vacuum freeze drier quick-frozen to-30 DEG C, then be decompressed to 30Pa, then be warming up to 60 DEG C, constant voltage keeps 20h, carries out vacuum freeze drying to aridity >=85%, the particle being 0.5mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing, for subsequent use;
(4) get hawthorn, adopt microwave drying, 100% firepower, is dried to preserved fruit aridity >=85%, and the particle being 0.5mm with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(5) the white tea granule 3kg of spring tea of step (1), (2), (3), (4) gained is got, licorice root particles 3kg, fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle 1kg, haw thorn granule 1kg, after mixing, carries out sterilizing 10s through 130 DEG C, high-temperature sterilization baking oven, cross the whole grain of 35 mesh sieve, be distributed into the tea in bag of every bag of 5g.
Embodiment 3
(1) get finished product Fuding white tea spring tea, airing is dried to aridity >=85%, pulverizes as granularity is the particle of 2mm, for subsequent use;
(2) get raw licorice tablet, add the refined honey of 25%, vexed run through the heart after, be placed in electric heating constant temperature drying oven, dry 80min at 60 DEG C, dries to aridity >=85%, and the particle being 2mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(3) get the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry, with vacuum freeze drier quick-frozen to-30 DEG C, then be decompressed to 30Pa, then be warming up to 60 DEG C, constant voltage keeps 20h, carries out vacuum freeze drying to aridity >=85%, the particle being 2mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing, for subsequent use;
(4) get hawthorn, adopt microwave drying, 100% firepower, is dried to preserved fruit aridity >=85%, and the particle being 2mm with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(5) the white tea granule 3kg of spring tea of step (1), (2), (3), (4) gained is got, licorice root particles 2kg, fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle 2kg, haw thorn granule 2kg, after mixing, carries out sterilizing 20s through 140 DEG C, high-temperature sterilization baking oven, cross the whole grain of 10 mesh sieve, be distributed into the tea in bag of every bag of 5g.
Embodiment 4
(1) get the white tea spring tea of finished product, airing is dried to aridity >=85%, pulverizes as granularity is the particle of 1mm, for subsequent use;
(2) get raw licorice tablet, add the refined honey of 25%, vexed run through the heart after, be placed in electric heating constant temperature drying oven, dry 80min at 60 DEG C, dries to aridity >=85%, and the particle being 1mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(3) get the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry, with vacuum freeze drier quick-frozen to-30 DEG C, then be decompressed to 30Pa, then be warming up to 60 DEG C, constant voltage keeps 20h, carries out vacuum freeze drying to aridity >=85%, the particle being 1mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing, for subsequent use;
(4) get hawthorn, adopt microwave drying, 100% firepower, is dried to preserved fruit aridity >=85%, and the particle being 1mm with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(5) the white tea granule 2kg of spring tea of step (1), (2), (3), (4) gained is got, licorice root particles 2kg, fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle 2kg, haw thorn granule 1kg, after mixing, carries out sterilizing 15s through 135 DEG C, high-temperature sterilization baking oven, cross the whole grain of 10 mesh sieve, be distributed into the tea in bag of every bag of 5g.
Embodiment 5 ~ 16
According to the formula in table 6, the method for making identical with embodiment 1 is adopted to carry out the making of the tea in bag of embodiment 5 ~ 16:
Table 6 embodiment 5 ~ 16 is filled a prescription
Embodiment The white tea granule of spring tea Licorice root particles Fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle Haw thorn granule
5 2kg 3kg 1kg 1kg
6 2kg 3kg 1kg 2kg
7 3kg 2kg 2kg 1kg
8 3kg 3kg 2kg 2kg
9 3kg 3kg 2kg 1kg
10 3kg 3kg 1kg 2kg
11 2kg 3kg 2kg 2kg
12 2kg 3kg 2kg 1kg
13 2kg 2kg 1kg 2kg
14 2kg 2kg 1kg 1kg
15 2kg 2kg 2kg 2kg
16 3kg 2kg 1kg 2kg

Claims (2)

1. take care of health spring an afternoon tea tea in bag, it is characterized in that, this tea in bag is made in accordance with the following methods by spring tea white tea granule 2 ~ 3 weight portion, licorice root particles 2 ~ 3 weight portion, fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle 1 ~ 2 weight portion, haw thorn granule 1 ~ 2 weight portion:
(1) get the white tea of finished product spring tea, airing is dried to aridity >=85%, pulverizes as granularity is the particle of 1mm, for subsequent use;
(2) get raw licorice tablet, add the refined honey of 25%, vexed run through the heart after, be placed in electric heating constant temperature drying oven, dry 80min at 60 DEG C, dries to aridity >=85%, and the particle being 1mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(3) get the fresh fruit of Chinese wolfberry, with vacuum freeze drier quick-frozen to-30 DEG C, then be decompressed to 30Pa, then be warming up to 60 DEG C, constant voltage keeps 20h, carries out vacuum freeze drying to aridity >=85%, the particle being 1mm for granularity with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing, for subsequent use;
(4) get hawthorn, adopt microwave drying, 100% firepower, is dried to preserved fruit aridity >=85%, and the particle being 1mm with medicinal herb grinder pulverizing is for subsequent use;
(5) after by weight ratio step (1), (2), (3), (4) gains being mixed, sterilizing 10 ~ 20s is carried out through 130 ~ 140 DEG C, high-temperature sterilization baking oven, cross the whole grain of 20 mesh sieve, be distributed into the tea in bag of every bag of 5g;
The white tea of spring tea in described step (1) is Fuding white tea, in carrying out harvesting processing the 4-5 month in spring.
2. take care of health spring according to claim 1 afternoon tea tea in bag, it is characterized in that, in the mixture of step (5), the white tea granule of spring tea is 3 weight portions, and licorice root particles is 2 weight portions, and fruit of Chinese wolfberry particle is 1 weight portion, and haw thorn granule is 1 weight portion.
CN201310343715.2A 2013-08-08 2013-08-08 Afternoon tea bag for health preservation in spring Expired - Fee Related CN103444931B (en)

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