CN103436669B - Oscillating apparatus for quenching of steel plate - Google Patents

Oscillating apparatus for quenching of steel plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103436669B
CN103436669B CN201310290468.4A CN201310290468A CN103436669B CN 103436669 B CN103436669 B CN 103436669B CN 201310290468 A CN201310290468 A CN 201310290468A CN 103436669 B CN103436669 B CN 103436669B
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China
Prior art keywords
quenching
steel plate
hanging beam
wheels
pendulous device
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CN201310290468.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103436669A (en
Inventor
曹瑞明
赵文正
吴玉辉
赵云飞
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BEIJING JINGCHENG FENGHUANG INDUSTRIAL FURNACE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
MCC Capital Engineering and Research Incorporation Ltd
Zhongye Jingcheng Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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BEIJING JINGCHENG FENGHUANG INDUSTRIAL FURNACE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Zhongye Jingcheng Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310290468.4A priority Critical patent/CN103436669B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides an oscillating apparatus for quenching of a steel plate. The apparatus comprises an oscillating quenching table in rotary connection with one side of a quenching tank. The edge of the other side of the quenching tank is provided with a plurality of steering wheel groups. A plurality of chains are fixed on the oscillating quenching table at a side opposite to a hinge joint side at intervals and wind around the steering wheel groups, the other sides of the chains are respectively fixed on a hanging beam, and the hanging beam is transversely hanged out of the body of the quenching tank at the other side. Two sets of drive unit are arranged below the hanging beam at an interval and are respectively connected with a set of transmission mechanism. Each set of transmission mechanism comprises a duplex reel, a fixed pulley group fixed beside the duplex reel and a movable pulley group connected with and arranged on the hanging beam; and steel wire ropes are wound among the duplex reel, the fixed pulley group and the movable pulley group. The oscillating apparatus has a simple structure, is convenient for installation and maintenance, enables equipment cost to be reduced, realizes smooth slow hoisting and slow stopping of a mechanism under the condition of superheavy load and reduces shock load of equipment.

Description

Steel plate quenching pendulous device
Technical field
The invention relates to a kind of metallurgical machinery equipment, relate in particular to a kind of steel plate quenching pendulous device of using for extra wide, super-thick steel plate heat-treatment quenching.
Background technology
Enter after 21st century, recent years particularly, along with the fast development of the industries such as China's nuclear energy, military project, shipbuilding, thermal power generation, bridge construction, oil and gas development conveying, automobile and engineering machinery, day by day vigorous to various different sizes, high performance plate of moderate thickness, special heavy plate demand.In recent years, domestic many iron and steel enterprises start investment construction plate of moderate thickness and special heavy plate heat-treatment production line.There is in the market the thin plate continuous quenching heat-treatment lines of Introduced From Abroad, invest huge.Plate of moderate thickness and special heavy plate heat-treatment lines are seldom seen at home, substantially by World Iron & Steel giant, are monopolized.Only have at home iron and steel enterprise seldom to have backward slab heat treatment technics, the restriction of the technology and equipment that output and quality are fallen behind.Great demand based on existing market to extraordinary thermal treatment sheet material, exploitation is full-automatic, steel plate quenching device is extremely urgent efficiently.
Through investigating widely and investigating, similarly plate of moderate thickness quenching heat treatment equipment roughly has two classes:
One class is to adopt the steel plate of a set of easy steel charging basket for accepting to heat from process furnace, and the general driving in workshop is together sling charging basket and steel plate, puts into water and carries out quench treatment.Such scheme is subject to charging basket specification, driving lifting quantitative limitation, can only process the steel plate of small dimension; Need to take for a long time crane simultaneously, can not realize automatic production; In addition, this mode, from steel plate come out of the stove to the overlong time of water, causes quality product stable not.Be only suitable in small business, small serial production.
Another kind of is oscillating table shelf structure, and crane is placed in the steel plate heating to swing on stand, by swinging stand, completes the quenching heat treatment technique that steel plate enters water, water outlet.This device can be realized automatic production, meets the quenching heat treatment requirement of plate of moderate thickness and special heavy plate completely, and product performance are stable, is suitable for producing in enormous quantities.But this apparatus structure is complicated, device fabrication, setting accuracy require very high, involve great expense, and floor space is large, maintenance, difficult in maintenance.
Thus, the inventor, by means of being engaged in experience and the practice of relevant industries for many years, proposes a kind of steel plate quenching pendulous device, to overcome the defect of prior art.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of steel plate quenching pendulous device, with simplified apparatus structure, be convenient to install and repair and maintenance, and can reduce the cost of manufacture of equipment.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of steel plate quenching pendulous device, to realize the quiet run of slow start slow stop under overweight load condition, reduce the impact load of equipment.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, a kind of steel plate quenching pendulous device, and described steel plate quenching pendulous device comprises the swing quenching bench that is connected to rotationally quenching tank one side; On the cell body edge of quenching tank opposite side, be provided with along many groups of marginating compartment setting and turn to wheels; Opposite side compartment of terrain relative with hinged side on described swing quenching bench is fixed with many chains, described chain quantity with described in turn to wheels identical, each chain is walked around corresponding turning to wheels and turn to after wheels engagement with this, the other end of chain is separately fixed on a hanging beam, and described hanging beam lateral suspension is outside at the cell body of quenching tank opposite side; Below described hanging beam, be interval with two groups of drive units, every group of drive unit is connected with respectively one group of transmission rig; Described transmission rig includes double crosslinking drum, the fixed pulley group that is fixed on double crosslinking drum side being connected with drive unit and is connected in the running block on hanging beam; Between described double crosslinking drum, fixed pulley group and the running block of respectively organizing in transmission rig, be arranged with wireline.
In a better embodiment of the present invention, described every group of drive unit includes frequency control motor and speed reduction unit; Described double crosslinking drum is connected with described speed reduction unit.
In a better embodiment of the present invention, described chain is provided with eight; The described wheels that turn to arrange eight groups.
In a better embodiment of the present invention, described each deflecting roller group is comprised of two sprocket wheels respectively; Described two sprocket wheels are arranged side by side along the thickness direction of quenching tank cell wall.
In a better embodiment of the present invention, at described drive unit, be arranged in the melt pit in quenching tank outside; The height of the cell wall between described quenching tank and melt pit is adjusted according to the oscillating stroke that swings quenching bench.
From the above mentioned, the drive unit that steel plate quenching pendulous device of the present invention adopts two covers to be comprised of speed control by frequency variation AC driven motor and speed reduction unit, the transmission rig (hoisting system) that drives two covers to be formed by double crosslinking drum, running block and fixed pulley group, and then driving hanging beam, hanging beam again by chain, turn to wheels drive to swing quenching bench as dead axle, to swing, complete the operation that enters water and water outlet of steel plate.Steel plate quenching pendulous device of the present invention is simple in structure, is convenient to install and repair and maintenance, and can reduces the cost of manufacture of equipment; Utilize labour-saving lever principle significantly to reduce scantlings of the structure and the installed capacity of drive unit; Utilize advanced frequency conversion control technique, realized the quiet run of mechanism's slow start slow stop under overweight load, reduce the impact load of equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The following drawings is only intended to the present invention to schematically illustrate and explain, not delimit the scope of the invention.Wherein:
Fig. 1: be the structural representation of steel plate quenching pendulous device of the present invention.
Fig. 2: be A-A cross-sectional schematic in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3: for K in Fig. 2 is to structural representation.
Embodiment
For technical characterictic of the present invention, object and effect being had more clearly, understand, now contrast accompanying drawing explanation the specific embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, the present invention proposes a kind of steel plate quenching pendulous device 100, and described steel plate quenching pendulous device 100 comprises the swing quenching bench 8 that is connected to rotationally quenching tank 9 one side channel walls 91; On the cell body edge of quenching tank 9 opposite side 92 relative with one side channel wall 91, be provided with along many groups of this marginating compartment setting and turn to wheels 7; Opposite side 82 compartment of terrains relative with hinged side 81 on described swing quenching bench 8 are fixed with many chains 6, the quantity of described chain 6 with described in turn to the quantity of wheels 7 identical, each chain 6 is walked around corresponding turning to wheels 7 and turn to after wheels engagement with this, the other end of chain 6 respectively compartment of terrain is fixed on a hanging beam 5, and described hanging beam 5 lateral suspension are outside at the cell body of quenching tank 9 opposite sides 92; Below described hanging beam 5, be interval with two groups of drive units 1, every group of drive unit 1 is connected with respectively one group of transmission rig 2; Described every group of transmission rig 2 includes the double crosslinking drum 21 that is connected with drive unit 1, is fixed on the fixed pulley group 22 on double crosslinking drum 21 sides and is connected in the running block 23 on hanging beam 5, and described two running blocks 23 are disposed on described hanging beam 5; Between described double crosslinking drum 21, fixed pulley group 22 and the running block 23 of respectively organizing in transmission rig 2, be arranged with wireline 3; Described every group of drive unit 1 includes frequency control motor 11 and speed reduction unit 12; Described double crosslinking drum 21 is connected with described speed reduction unit 12.
From the above mentioned, the drive unit that steel plate quenching pendulous device of the present invention adopts two covers to be comprised of speed control by frequency variation AC driven motor and speed reduction unit, the transmission rig (hoisting system) that drives two covers to be formed by double crosslinking drum, running block and fixed pulley group, and then driving hanging beam, hanging beam again by chain, turn to wheels drive to swing quenching bench as dead axle, to swing, complete the operation that enters water and water outlet of steel plate H.Steel plate quenching pendulous device of the present invention is simple in structure, is convenient to install and repair and maintenance, and can reduces the cost of manufacture of equipment; Utilize labour-saving lever principle significantly to reduce scantlings of the structure and the installed capacity of drive unit; Utilize advanced frequency conversion control technique, realized the quiet run of mechanism's slow start slow stop under overweight load, reduce the impact load of equipment.
Steel plate enter water time, water discharging time, in water, dead time, pendulum angle etc., according to the unlike material of steel plate and specification, need to do corresponding adjustment.In the present embodiment, the maximum substance of steel plate is 52 tons; Plate size specification: the wide x of long x is thick=(3500 ~ 16000) x (1600 ~ 3650) x (80 ~ 300) mm; It is 15~20s that steel plate enters the water time; Swinging quenching bench pendulum angle is 0~45 °.
Further, in the present embodiment, swing quenching bench as the platform of the pending steel plate of carrying, be placed in quenching tank horizontal plane top, its one end is articulated with on the side wall of quenching tank by six hinges, the other end is hung by eight high-test chains, chain walk around turn to after wheels the other end hang one synchronous, symmetrical installing two cover running blocks on hanging beam, by running block, wireline (06), fixed pulley group (07) and double crosslinking drum (03) form the transmission rig (hoisting system) that two covers are arranged symmetrically, two sets of transmission mechanism are respectively by two cover drive-motor, the drive unit of the composition such as speed reduction unit and stopper synchronously drives.
In the present embodiment, described in, turn to wheels 7 to arrange eight groups; Described each deflecting roller group is comprised of two sprocket wheels respectively; Described two sprocket wheels are arranged side by side (as shown in Figure 2) along the thickness direction of quenching tank opposite side 92 cell walls.
At described drive unit 1, be arranged in the melt pit 4 in quenching tank 9 outsides; The height of the cell wall 92 between described quenching tank 9 and melt pit 4 can be adjusted according to the oscillating stroke that swings quenching bench 8; Also can adjust the oscillating stroke that swings quenching bench 8 by adjusting the degree of depth of melt pit 4.
The specified operational procedure that uses steel plate quenching pendulous device of the present invention to quench is as follows: the steel plate H that workshop Special crane heats process furnace hangs and swings on quenching bench 8, press and be lowered to water button, drive-motor 11 forwards, now, swing quenching bench 8 and steel plate H under the effect of deadweight, around fixing hinge to lower swing (entering water), hanging beam 5 moves (as shown in Figure 3) by low level B to high-order C under the pulling force of chain 6 simultaneously, when swing quenching bench 8 is crossed 45° angle to the bottom, motor stalling, whole system is braked by the stopper that is placed in speed reduction unit speed end.According to the unlike material of quenched nickelclad and specification, after set cooling time, drive-motor reversion, two sets of transmission mechanism (hoisting system) synchronously drive hanging beam 5 to be moved to low level B by high-order C, hanging beam swings quenching bench 8 by chain traction and upwards swings, while putting 45° angle (to original position), and motor stalling, whole system is braked by stopper, completes the quenching work of steel plate.Steel plate after processing is hung the place of appointment by Special crane.Whole operating process is controlled automatically by PLC, and Frequency Converter Control travelling speed realizes the operational requirement of slow start slow stop.
The drive unit that steel plate quenching pendulous device of the present invention adopts two covers to be comprised of speed control by frequency variation AC driven motor and speed reduction unit, the transmission rig (hoisting system) that drives two covers to be formed by double crosslinking drum, running block and fixed pulley group, and then driving hanging beam, hanging beam again by chain, turn to wheels drive to swing quenching bench as dead axle, to swing, complete the operation that enters water and water outlet of steel plate H.Steel plate quenching pendulous device of the present invention is simple in structure, is convenient to install and repair and maintenance, and can reduces the cost of manufacture of equipment; Utilize labour-saving lever principle significantly to reduce scantlings of the structure and the installed capacity of drive unit; Utilize advanced frequency conversion control technique, realized the quiet run of mechanism's slow start slow stop under overweight load, reduce the impact load of equipment.
The foregoing is only the schematic embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit scope of the present invention.Any those skilled in the art, not departing from equivalent variations and the modification of having done under the prerequisite of design of the present invention and principle, all should belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (5)

1. a steel plate quenching pendulous device, described steel plate quenching pendulous device comprises the swing quenching bench that is connected to rotationally quenching tank one side; It is characterized in that: on the cell body edge of quenching tank opposite side, be provided with along many groups of marginating compartment setting and turn to wheels; Opposite side compartment of terrain relative with hinged side on described swing quenching bench is fixed with many chains, described chain quantity with described in turn to wheels identical, each chain is walked around corresponding turning to wheels and turn to after wheels engagement with this, the other end of chain is separately fixed on a hanging beam, and described hanging beam lateral suspension is outside at the cell body of quenching tank opposite side; Below described hanging beam, be interval with two groups of drive units, every group of drive unit is connected with respectively one group of transmission rig; Described transmission rig includes double crosslinking drum, the fixed pulley group that is fixed on double crosslinking drum side being connected with drive unit and is connected in the running block on hanging beam; Between described double crosslinking drum, fixed pulley group and the running block of respectively organizing in transmission rig, be arranged with wireline.
2. steel plate quenching pendulous device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described every group of drive unit includes frequency control motor and speed reduction unit; Described double crosslinking drum is connected with described speed reduction unit.
3. steel plate quenching pendulous device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described chain is provided with eight; The described wheels that turn to arrange eight groups.
4. steel plate quenching pendulous device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described each deflecting roller group is comprised of two sprocket wheels respectively; Described two sprocket wheels are arranged side by side along the thickness direction of quenching tank cell wall.
5. steel plate quenching pendulous device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described drive unit is arranged in the melt pit in quenching tank outside; The height of the cell wall between described quenching tank and melt pit is adjusted according to the oscillating stroke that swings quenching bench.
CN201310290468.4A 2013-07-11 2013-07-11 Oscillating apparatus for quenching of steel plate Active CN103436669B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103436669B true CN103436669B (en) 2014-09-17

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103643019B (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-04-08 北京京诚之星科技开发有限公司 Quenching machine applied to mandrel heat treatment

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CN2571768Y (en) * 2002-09-30 2003-09-10 爱协林工业炉工程(北京)有限公司 Roller bottom type complicated moving hot oil quenching trough
CN101358276B (en) * 2008-09-20 2010-06-09 太原市通泽成套设备有限公司 Quenching flume kick-out cooling means
CN201261799Y (en) * 2008-09-20 2009-06-24 太原市通泽成套设备有限公司 Briar dressing refrigerating device for quenching water channel
CN202170351U (en) * 2011-04-27 2012-03-21 山东莱芜金雷风电科技股份有限公司 Erect main shaft swinging and quenching device for wind driven generator
CN202297705U (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-07-04 天津赛瑞机器设备有限公司 Buffer device for receiving swing arms used in groove-type water quenching equipment for steel tube
CN202786343U (en) * 2012-08-20 2013-03-13 天津赛瑞机器设备有限公司 Novel pressing mechanism in steel pipe water quenching device
CN203320060U (en) * 2013-07-11 2013-12-04 北京京诚凤凰工业炉工程技术有限公司 Steel plate quenching pendulous device

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