CN1034114A - Processing method of scented tea " jasmine snowy bud " - Google Patents

Processing method of scented tea " jasmine snowy bud " Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1034114A
CN1034114A CN 88108472 CN88108472A CN1034114A CN 1034114 A CN1034114 A CN 1034114A CN 88108472 CN88108472 CN 88108472 CN 88108472 A CN88108472 A CN 88108472A CN 1034114 A CN1034114 A CN 1034114A
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tea
basement
flower
jasmine
bud
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CN 88108472
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CN1022285C (en
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郭吉春
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Tea Research Institute Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Tea Research Institute Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Abstract

The invention belongs to jasmine tea production method technical field, is the improvement to Chinese Special tea class-jasmine tea production method.The present invention adopts white tea as colored tea blank, through the tea base handle, fresh flower is handled, basement is spent, cure, the jacquard weave manufacturing procedure, according to the method the jasmine tea product of Sheng Chaning " jasmine snow bud " have bud strong straight, pekoe is many, it is fresh to give off a strong fragrance, the bright alcohol of flavour is tasty and refreshing, excellent quality, unique style has the qualitative characteristics of white tea and jasmine tea concurrently.

Description

Processing method of scented tea " jasmine snowy bud "
The invention belongs to a kind of production method of jasmine tea.
Jasmine tea is the traditional extraordinary teas of China, and Fujian is one of grown place.Jasmine tea all is the tea base with green tea in history, through the tea base handle, fresh flower is handled, basement is spent, cure, the jacquard weave operation is made.Its major technique has:
1, the tea base is handled and is selected the green tea base for use, dries by the fire warm 100-130 ℃, and the logical cold of tea base of baking back is cooled to below 40 ℃, and tea base moisture is controlled at 3.5-4.5%.
2, fresh flower is handled through 3-5 paste-on-paste pate-surpate and is spent with the stand, paste-on-paste pate-surpate thickness 300-400mm, and the flower temperature control is between 30-40 ℃; Stand flower thickness 100-150mm when the open rate of fresh flower reaches 60-80%, sieves flower when openness reaches 50-60 °.
3, the basement flower adopts ground basement and machine basement, basement flower 3-4 time, and tea is 1 with the flower proportioning: the high-grade tea of 0.8-1.04().Reduce by basement,, reduce to the camellia proportioning 1 of three, four basements: 0.17-0.18 from the camellia proportioning 1 of a basement: 0.36-0.38.Shorten by basement in the basement time, from the 9-10 that foreshortened to three, four basements in 11-12 hour hour an of basement.
4, logical colored tea blank and fresh flower are pieced together and were left standstill 4-5 hour, logical flower when the basement product are piled temperature rise to 40-50 ℃.Logical flower temperature reduces by basement, from 48-50 ℃ of 40-44 ℃ of reducing to three, four basements of a basement, and logical taking time 30-60 minute, logical flower basement product thickness 100-150mm.Reach in the basement time, carry out camellia and separate, promptly rocket.
5, cure the employing drying machine, temperature reduces by basement, from 120-125 ℃ of a basement, and reduce to four basements 90-95 ℃.Baking back tea base moisture increases 0.5-1.0% by basement, from the 4.5-5.0% of a basement, increases to the 6.5-7.0% of three, four basements.
6, the fine high-quality jasmine fresh flower of gathering of jacquard weave screening, camellia proportioning 1: 0.05-0.06,36 ℃ of logical flower temperature 6-8 hour basement time, become the tea branch to be controlled at 8-9% after the jacquard weave.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of is the production method of the high-grade jasmine tea of base with white tea.Increase the designs and varieties of jasmine tea, improve quality of flower tea, adapt to market demand high-grade, high-quality tealeaves.
Production procedure of the present invention:
Selecting white tea for use is that raw material → tea base processing → fresh flower processing (repeating 5-7 time)/() basement flower (repeating 5-7 time)/() cured → jacquard weave → packing
1, select that the tea base chooses that bud is many, stout and strong, milli is many, look white, leaf is emerald green for use, soup pale green or high-grade white tea yellowish, that the end is light green (stalk is little red with vein) is colored tea blank, as Fujian Xueya, silver tip pekoe, white peony.
2, the tea base cured before the tea base was handled and to be handled basement and spend with fresh flower, 95-105 ℃ of drying machine import wind-warm syndrome, and final moisture content is controlled at 3.5-4.5%, carries out the spreading for cooling heat radiation then, pays basement in the time of below the leaf temperature drop to 35 ℃.
Choose fine afternoon and gather, spend assorted full, pure white, the bright-coloured gloss that has, a high-quality jasmine of the one-level fresh flower that a bud just ready to burst, need not two, three grades flower with rain flower, dewflower, water stain flower, flowers overnight with go bad colored.
After fresh flower entered factory, paste-on-paste pate-surpate and stand flower were carried out in the interior cleaning of being in, ventilation, and paste-on-paste pate-surpate thickness 30-40cm makes colored temperature rise to 30-40 ℃, promoted fresh flower neatly open.Stand flower thickness 10-15cm promotes ventilation, and radiating and cooling keeps fresh flower life.Paste-on-paste pate-surpate is hocketed 3-5 time with the stand flower, and action is brisk, avoids the fresh flower damage, notes reducing the evaporation of fresh flower moisture.
When the open rate of fresh flower reaches 60-80%, when reaching 50-60 ℃, the petal open angle sieves flower, select excellent remove time, promote fresh flower open.When the open rate of fresh flower reaches more than 90%, when the petal open angle reaches 80-90 °, Hua Wen 30-33 ℃, fresh flower and tea base piece together with.
3, basement flower, logical flower carry out in the environment that cleans, ventilates with the basement flower that rockets.Adopt the case basement, basement flower 5-7 time, the camellia proportioning is 1: 3-4, reduce distributing cotton quantity by basement, each basement distributing cotton quantity and see Table 1 in the basement time, from the camellia proportioning 1 of a basement: 0.8-1.0 reduces to 1 of five basements: 0.3-0.5.
Fresh flower and tea base are pieced together and are wanted evenly, and it is disconnected broken that assembly and process reduce bud-leaf as far as possible, the pekoe loss.Piece together and back tea case basement system the high 35-45cm of basement product heap.
Tea and fresh flower are pieced together and were left standstill 5-6 hour, and the temperature rise of basement product heap lead to flower during to 40-45 ℃, and at first three basement 11-12 of basement time hour, several basements in back pursued basement shortening 1 hour, jasmine pattern browning not in vain when rocketing.During logical spending the basement product example in the tea case is gone out 2/3, use the articles made of bamboo splendid attire, back degree 10-15cm makes it heat radiation, ventilation, keeps the life of Jasmine.
Piece together and basement system certain hour (seeing Table 1) when tea and fresh flower, rocket, at this moment Jasmine withers, but look browning is not in vain all poured out thin the stand with basement product when rocketing, and makes it to dispel the heat, ventilate.Rapidly Jasmine is sieved, chooses clean then.Tea base humidity behind the basement needs thin stand, in time pays roasting.
4, cure that wet base cures behind the basement, 95-105 ℃ of drying machine import wind-warm syndrome should not cured by excessive temperature, and baking back tea base moisture improves 0.5-1.0% by basement, cures and finishes tea base spreading for cooling 20-30 minute, and leaf-spreading thickness is by the basement increase.Baking, reduce the pekoe loss in the cool process as far as possible, bud-leaf is disconnected broken.
5, jacquard weave high-quality jasmine fresh flower jacquard weave, tea is 1 with the flower proportioning: 0.1-0.2, tea base moisture is controlled at 7.0-7.5% before the jacquard weave; Become the tea branch to be controlled at 9.0-10.0% after the jacquard weave.(seeing Table 1)
6, become tea in time close after the packing jacquard weave, also can adopt inner wrapping with tea case splendid attire, envelope.Action is brisk during packing, avoids disconnected broken, the pekoe loss of bud-leaf.During the product storing, require cleaning, dry, shady and cool environment, guard against damp avoids contacting peculiar smell, with the protection quality.
7, product quality feature bud is many, strong straight, pekoe is close drapes over one's shoulders, and color and luster is pure white or cloudy white, and the blade face is emerald green, and blade back has pekoe, and it is fresh to give off a strong fragrance, and flavour is bright pure tasty and refreshing, and the soup look yellowish is, limpid bright and clean, light green at the bottom of the leaf, fertile soft, even bright, and master pulse, stalk are little red.Have the qualitative characteristics of white tea and jasmine tea concurrently, other tool local flavor, excellent quality.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect:
1, select for use white tea as colored tea blank; Improve the jasmine tea process technology, increased the new fancy variety that has white tea and quality of flower tea feature concurrently to jasmine tea.
2, take to increase basement flower number of times, improve distributing cotton quantity, solved the enfleurage problem of ability of white tea, not only opened up the new market of white tea, and provide new raw material sources for jasmine tea.
3, production technology is easy to grasp, and is easy to utilize.
Narrate embodiments of the invention below:
Selecting white tea for use is that raw material → tea base processing → fresh flower is handled (repeating 5 times)/() basement flower, logical flower cures → jacquard weave → packing with (repeating 5 times)/() that rocket.
Select for use " Fujian Xueya " as the tea base, the tea base cured before basement was spent, and drying machine carries out wind-warm syndrome 95-100 ℃, and final moisture content is controlled at 3.5-4.0%, and basement is paid in spreading for cooling heat radiation then when making below the leaf temperature drop to 35 ℃.
Choose fine day and gather in the afternoon, a high-quality jasmine of the one-level fresh flower that flower is full, pure white, bright-coloured carries out 3-5 time paste-on-paste pate-surpate and spreads out flower at room ventilation cleaning place, paste-on-paste pate-surpate thickness 30-40cm, the flower temperature rise promotes fresh flower open to 35-37 ℃, stand flower thickness 15cm promotes ventilation, radiating and cooling.
Carry out the basement flower in the clean ventilation environment 5 times, camellia proportioning 1: 3.5 reduces distributing cotton quantity by basement.Reach more than 90% in the open rate of fresh flower, when the petal open angle reaches 80-85 °, fresh flower piece together with the tea base and, piece together and want evenly, and piecing together and process reduces as far as possible that bud-leaf is disconnected broken, the pekoe loss, piece together and back tea case basement system, the basement product are piled high 40cm.
Tea base and fresh flower are pieced together and were left standstill 5-6 hour, when the basement product are piled temperature rise to certain numerical value (seeing Table 1), lead to flower, during logical spending the basement product in the tea case are poured out 2/3, use the articles made of bamboo splendid attire, and thickness 10-15cm makes it heat radiation, ventilates, and keeps the life of Jasmine.
Tea base and fresh flower assembly and basement system reach in basement time requirement and rocket immediately, when rocketing the basement product are all poured out thin stand, make it heat radiation, ventilation, sieve, choose Jasmine then, this moment, Jasmine still was white, not browning, tea base humidity behind the basement needs thin stand, in time pays roasting.
The wet base of basement product carries out 5 times and cures, 95-100 ℃ of drying machine import wind-warm syndrome, and baking back tea base moisture improves 0.5-1.0% by basement, and the spreading for cooling heat radiation is 20-30 minute then.
With the jacquard weave of high-quality jasmine fresh flower, tea is 1: 0.1 with the flower proportioning, and tea base moisture is controlled at 7.0-7.5% before the jacquard weave, becomes the tea branch to be controlled at 9.0-10.0% after the jacquard weave.
" the jasmine snow bud " produced as stated above has that bud is many, strong directly, pekoe closely drapes over one's shoulders, color and luster is pure white or silvery white, the blade face is emerald green, blade back has pekoe, it is fresh to give off a strong fragrance, and flavour is bright pure tasty and refreshing, and the soup look yellowish, clear thorough bright and clean, light green at the bottom of the leaf, fertile soft, even bright,, master pulse, the little red characteristics of stalk have the qualitative characteristics of white tea and jasmine tea concurrently, other tool local flavor, excellent quality.
Table 1:

Claims (1)

1, the production method of a kind of jasmine tea " jasmine snow bud " is a raw material with green tea, through the tea base handle, fresh flower is handled, basement flower, logical flower with rocket, cure, the jacquard weave manufacturing procedure makes the jasmine tea product, feature of the present invention is:
(1) select the tea base for use, it is many to choose bud, stout and strong, milli is many, look white, leaf is emerald green, soup pale green or the high-grade white tea yellowish, that the end is light green (stalk with vein little red) are colored tea blank, as Fujian Xueya, silver tip pekoe, white peony;
(2) the tea base is handled and to be cured before basement is spent, 95-105 ℃ of drying machine import wind-warm syndrome, and final moisture content is controlled at 3.5-4.5%, pays basement in the time of below the leaf temperature drop to 35 ℃;
(3) fresh flower is handled to choose and is gathered, spends assorted full, pure white, bright-coloured have gloss, a high-quality jasmine of the one-level fresh flower that a bud just ready to burst fine afternoon, need not two, three grades of flowers, dewflowers colored with rain;
(4) basement flower, logical flower and the employing case basement that rockets, basement flower 5-7 time, tea is 1 with the flower proportioning: 3-4, reduce distributing cotton quantity by basement, camellia proportioning 1 from a basement: 0.8-1.0 reduces to 1 of five basements: 0.3-0.5, and tea is pieced together with flower and left standstill 5-6 hour, when the basement product are piled temperature rise to 40-45 ℃, lead to flower, in the basement time, first three basement 11-12 hour, the back is several shortens 1 hour by basements, jasmine pattern browning not in vain when rocketing;
(5) cure 95-105 ℃ of drying machine import wind-warm syndrome, leaf-spreading thickness increases by basement, and baking back tea base moisture improves 0.5-1.0% by basement;
(6) jacquard weave tea is 1 with the flower proportioning: 0.1-0.2, tea base moisture is controlled at 7.0-7.5% before the jacquard weave, becomes the tea branch to be controlled at 9.0-10.0% after the jacquard weave.
CN 88108472 1988-12-13 1988-12-13 Processing method of scented tea "jasmine snowy bud" Expired - Fee Related CN1022285C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN1022285C CN1022285C (en) 1993-10-06

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1052143C (en) * 1994-05-07 2000-05-10 李金石 Preparing method for Xueya tea
CN1301063C (en) * 2004-05-16 2007-02-21 李钢 Method for making lotus tea and lotus tea product
CN100358429C (en) * 2004-09-16 2008-01-02 方守龙 Process for producing shaddock flower tea
CN101627787B (en) * 2009-08-15 2011-01-19 福州敖峰闽榕茶业有限公司 Scenting method for mellow single-petal jasmine tea
CN101978843A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-02-23 四川省农业科学院 Novel process for processing jasmine tea
CN102599272A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-07-25 福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Production method of white peony tea
CN102599271A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-07-25 福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Preparation method of white tea
CN102613358A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 何家庆 Light-fermented snakegourd fruit leaf scented tea and preparation method thereof
CN102835496A (en) * 2012-08-25 2012-12-26 福建品品香茶业有限公司 Jasmine white tea and preparation method thereof
CN103960434A (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-08-06 四川省炒花甘露茗茶有限公司 Clean production process of jasmine tea
CN104171053A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-12-03 谢大高 Preparation method of jasmine and aglaia odorata Longjing tea
CN105875928A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-24 福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Production process of osmanthus fragrans flower white tea
CN107647022A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-02-02 横县南方茶厂 A kind of processing method of jasmine silver tip pekoe
CN107668234A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-02-09 横县南方茶厂 A kind of processing method of jasmine white peony
CN107712225A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-02-23 四川省炒花甘露茗茶有限公司 A kind of jasmine black tea processing method
CN108902366A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-30 广西春之森茶业有限责任公司 A kind of production method of organic jasmine flower Fuding white tea

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1052143C (en) * 1994-05-07 2000-05-10 李金石 Preparing method for Xueya tea
CN1301063C (en) * 2004-05-16 2007-02-21 李钢 Method for making lotus tea and lotus tea product
CN100358429C (en) * 2004-09-16 2008-01-02 方守龙 Process for producing shaddock flower tea
CN101627787B (en) * 2009-08-15 2011-01-19 福州敖峰闽榕茶业有限公司 Scenting method for mellow single-petal jasmine tea
CN101978843A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-02-23 四川省农业科学院 Novel process for processing jasmine tea
CN102599272A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-07-25 福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Production method of white peony tea
CN102599271A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-07-25 福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Preparation method of white tea
CN102613358A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 何家庆 Light-fermented snakegourd fruit leaf scented tea and preparation method thereof
CN102613358B (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-06-19 何家庆 Light-fermented snakegourd fruit leaf scented tea and preparation method thereof
CN102835496A (en) * 2012-08-25 2012-12-26 福建品品香茶业有限公司 Jasmine white tea and preparation method thereof
CN103960434A (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-08-06 四川省炒花甘露茗茶有限公司 Clean production process of jasmine tea
CN103960434B (en) * 2014-05-22 2016-05-18 四川省炒花甘露茗茶有限公司 Jasmine tea process for cleanly preparing
CN104171053A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-12-03 谢大高 Preparation method of jasmine and aglaia odorata Longjing tea
CN104171053B (en) * 2014-07-23 2016-08-17 谢大高 The preparation method of jasmine Milan flower Longjing tea
CN105875928A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-24 福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Production process of osmanthus fragrans flower white tea
CN107647022A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-02-02 横县南方茶厂 A kind of processing method of jasmine silver tip pekoe
CN107668234A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-02-09 横县南方茶厂 A kind of processing method of jasmine white peony
CN107712225A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-02-23 四川省炒花甘露茗茶有限公司 A kind of jasmine black tea processing method
CN108902366A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-30 广西春之森茶业有限责任公司 A kind of production method of organic jasmine flower Fuding white tea

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