CN103407900B - A kind of efficient loading and unloading system of harbour container and technique - Google Patents

A kind of efficient loading and unloading system of harbour container and technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103407900B
CN103407900B CN201310324290.0A CN201310324290A CN103407900B CN 103407900 B CN103407900 B CN 103407900B CN 201310324290 A CN201310324290 A CN 201310324290A CN 103407900 B CN103407900 B CN 103407900B
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bridge
dolly
walking
harbour
container
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CN103407900A (en
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赵迎九
郭树旺
秦春雷
郑雪峰
刘涛
皮岩峰
杜蔚琼
黄福安
李庆建
王小合
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Huadian Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Huadian Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container and technique, comprise the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder, ferry-boat bridge (2) and steel structure field bridge (3), ferry-boat bridge (2) is connected with steel structure field bridge (3), and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge (2).And by the double-deck bank bridge lifting of live ladder and the technological process of transfer container, ferry-boat bridge transfer container and steel structure field bridge stacking container enables the present invention the handling efficiency of freight container significantly be improved, there is efficient and safe advantage, the demand that people are growing can be met.

Description

A kind of efficient loading and unloading system of harbour container and technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container and technique, belong to engineering machinery field.
Background technology
Along with the continuous increase of freighter, China's container port throughput constantly increases, and traditional container handling technology and handling equipment can not meet the demand of people gradually.
The container handling operation program (to unload a ship) be widely used at present: from ship, lifting trolley suspender grabs that case hoists, horizontal motion, decline, give the truck that ship limit is waited for, then suspender hoists, horizontal motion, decline, captures next case, simultaneously, truck by container transshipment to stockyard, stockyard (loading the inverse process for unloading a ship onto ship) put into by freight container by mechanical stacking apparatus subsequently, and whole flow path efficiency is lower.
In order to raising efficiency, once someone have developed double-box hanger, that is: use a suspender to capture 2 freight containers simultaneously, so just the handling efficiency of freight container is doubled, although handling efficiency has obvious lifting compared with traditional handicraft, but still cannot meet the user demand of reality, still need a kind of more efficiently safer container handling system of research and development and technique.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, provide the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container and technique, the handling efficiency of freight container can significantly improve by it, has efficient and safe advantage, can meet the demand that people are growing.
Technical scheme of the present invention: the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprise the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder, ferry-boat bridge and steel structure field bridge, ferry-boat bridge and the bridging of steel structure field connect, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the double-deck bank bridge of described live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg, upper strata walking crossbeam, upper strata walking track, lower floor's walking crossbeam, lower floor's walking track, cage lifter A, cage lifter B and bank bridge lifting dolly, upper strata walking crossbeam and lower floor's walking crossbeam are all fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg, lower floor's walking crossbeam is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam, upper strata walking track is located on upper strata walking crossbeam, lower floor's walking track is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam, cage lifter A and cage lifter B is separately positioned on the two ends of upper strata walking crossbeam and lower floor's walking crossbeam.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, described cage lifter A comprises cage lifter support body, lift winch, car, joining rails and cage guide, bottom and the lower floor of cage lifter support body crossbeam of walking is fixedly connected with, middle part and the upper strata of cage lifter support body crossbeam of walking is fixedly connected with, the cage guide that four vertical directions are arranged is provided with in cage lifter support body, car is provided with the spacing guide wheel group matched with cage guide, the bottom surface of car is provided with joining rails, lift winch is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body, steel cord ends on lift winch is fixed on the end face of car, the structure of described cage lifter B is identical with the structure of cage lifter A.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the both sides of described upper strata walking crossbeam are respectively equipped with floor stringer, upper strata walking crossbeam is connected by horizontal gusseted beam with between floor stringer, floor stringer and lower floor are walked between crossbeam and are connected by oblique gusseted beam, and upper strata walking crossbeam is walked between crossbeam with lower floor and is connected by vertical supporting reinforcement.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the spacing that upper strata walking crossbeam and lower floor walk between crossbeam is 8m ~ 13m; The distance of lower floor's walking crossbeam and the water surface is 35m ~ 45m.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, described ferry-boat bridge comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame, front end horizontal shifting dolly and rear end horizontal shifting dolly, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame is provided with the cross traveling trolley walking track A and cross traveling trolley walking track B that arrange along bank direction, front end horizontal shifting dolly is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B; Wherein horizontal shifting dolly in front end is positioned at the below of the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly is provided with transport carriage.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, described steel structure field bridge comprises steel structure support body, transport carriage walks short rail, field bridge lifting dolly and freight container are cleared out a harbour region, the top of steel structure support body is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track, field bridge lifting dolly is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track, transport carriage short rail of walking is arranged on steel structure support body and one end of connecing of ferry-boat bridging, walk short rail and rear end horizontal shifting dolly of transport carriage is arranged in same plane, and transport carriage is walked, short rail is positioned at a below for bridge lifting carriage walking track; Freight container region of clearing out a harbour is arranged on the middle part of steel structure support body; The below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track is container stacking region.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, described freight container region of clearing out a harbour is provided with clear out a harbour lifting dolly and collection of collection and clears out a harbour lifting carriage walking track, collection lifting carriage walking track of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body, and collection lifting dolly of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the double-deck bank bridge of described live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg, upper strata walking track, lower floor's walking track, cage lifter A, cage lifter B and bank bridge lifting dolly, gantry type supporting leg is provided with two solid web girders be symmetrically arranged, the inner side of two solid web girders is equipped with upper strata walking track and lower floor's walking track, the top of lower floor's walking track is located at by upper strata walking track, and cage lifter A and cage lifter B is separately positioned on the two ends of two solid web girders
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the inside of two solid web girders is equipped with the deep floor of constant spacing, is used for guaranteeing the rigidity of solid web girder.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, to unload a ship, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the double-deck bank bridge lifting also transfer container of live ladder, while promote freight container after freight container on bank bridge lifting dolly crawl ship, while along lower floor's walking track to the direction running of ferry-boat bridge, stop when bank bridge lifting dolly travels the top to the front end horizontal shifting dolly on ferry-boat bridge, and freight container is unloaded on the transport carriage be parked on the horizontal shifting dolly of front end, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly is sent to upper strata walking track by cage lifter A, and along upper strata walking track towards the direction running of cage lifter B, and send back on lower floor's walking track by cage lifter B, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage on ferry-boat bridge receives freight container, walks after on short rail along front end horizontal shifting dolly and the rear end horizontal shifting dolly final line transport carriage sailed on the bridge of steel structure field and stops;
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, after the freight container be parked on transport carriage that transport carriage walks on short rail is sling by bridge lifting dolly, along field bridge lifting carriage walking track, Container Transport is extremely specified container stacking region, the unloaded former road of transport carriage is back on the horizontal shifting dolly of front end;
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
In the efficient handling technology of aforesaid this harbour container, in described step 1, the bank bridge lifting dolly on the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder is at least 2.
In the efficient handling technology of aforesaid this harbour container, in described step 2, front end horizontal shifting dolly on ferry-boat bridge matches with the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder, be responsible for the freight container that reception bank bridge lifting dolly ships, front end horizontal shifting dolly moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly is responsible for transport carriage being delivered to different steel structure field bridges, realizes transport carriage and enters different steel structure field bridges.
In the efficient handling technology of aforesaid this harbour container, in described step 3, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lift by crane dolly and targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking region and clears out a harbour region, collection clears out a harbour lifting dolly along capturing freight container after lifting carriage walking orbital motion to the top of targeted containers cleared out a harbour by collection and being promoted, to clear out a harbour the top of lifting carriage walking orbital motion to truck or train along collection again, targeted containers is unloaded.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is by arranging the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder, can realize the work of many bank bridge lifting dolly cycle alternations, the handling efficiency of the bank bridge adopting this structural rate traditional at least will improve more than 2 times, adopts steel structure field bridge to replace traditional truck transhipment, greatly improve the stacking efficiency of freight container, and owing to eliminating truck, without the need to manual operation, achieve full automatic control, decrease accident rate, improve stacking efficiency and the transportation safety of freight container.Be consistent with the handling speed of bank bridge to enable the other side's speed of steel structure field bridge, the present invention is also provided with the ferry-boat bridge of independent research, achieve the version of a pair three, i.e. corresponding three the field bridges of bank bridge, the cost of investment of bank bridge can either be saved, the handling efficiency of freight container can also be ensured.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is integral structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cage lifter A;
Fig. 4 is that the B-B of Fig. 1 is to cutaway view;
Fig. 5 is that the A-A of Fig. 1 is to cutaway view;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of ferry-boat bridge;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of steel structure field bridge;
Fig. 8 is that freight container is cleared out a harbour the structural representation in region;
Fig. 9 is the birds-eye view of cage lifter A.
Being labeled as in accompanying drawing: the double-deck bank bridge of 1-live ladder, 2-ferries bridge, 3-steel structure field bridge, 4-upper strata walking crossbeam, 5-upper strata walking track, 6-lower floor walking crossbeam, 7-lower floor walking track, 8-cage lifter A, 9-cage lifter B, 10-gantry type supporting leg, 11-cage lifter support body, 12-lift winch, 13-car, 14-joining rails, 15-cage guide, the spacing guide wheel group of 16-, 17-floor stringer, the horizontal gusseted beam of 18-, the oblique gusseted beam of 19-, 20-ferry-boat bridge bracing frame, 21-front end horizontal shifting dolly, 22-rear end horizontal shifting dolly, 23-cross traveling trolley walking track A, 24-cross traveling trolley walking track B, 25-steel structure support body, 26-transport carriage, 27-transport carriage is walked short rail, 28-field bridge lifting dolly, 29-freight container is cleared out a harbour region, 30-field bridge lifting carriage walking track, 31-container stacking region, 32-collection is cleared out a harbour lifting dolly, 33-collection is cleared out a harbour and is lifted by crane carriage walking track, 34-bank bridge lifting dolly, 35-vertical supporting reinforcement.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail, but not as any limitation of the invention.
Embodiments of the invention 1, as shown in Figure 1, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprises the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, ferry-boat bridge 2 and steel structure field bridge 3, ferry-boat bridge 2 is connected with steel structure field bridge 3, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge 2.
As shown in Figure 2, the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg 10, upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, lower floor's walking track 7, cage lifter A8, cage lifter B9 and bank bridge lifting dolly 34, upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 are all fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg 10, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5 is located on upper strata walking crossbeam 4, lower floor's walking track 7 is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, cage lifter A8 and cage lifter B9 is separately positioned on the two ends of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 9, cage lifter A8 comprises cage lifter support body 11, lift winch 12, car 13, joining rails 14 and cage guide 15, bottom and the lower floor of cage lifter support body 11 crossbeam 6 of walking is fixedly connected with, middle part and the upper strata of cage lifter support body 11 crossbeam 4 of walking is fixedly connected with, the cage guide 15 that four vertical directions are arranged is provided with in cage lifter support body 11, car 13 is provided with the spacing guide wheel group 16 matched with cage guide 15, the bottom surface of car 13 is provided with joining rails 14, lift winch 12 is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body 11, steel cord ends on lift winch 12 is fixed on the end face of car 13, the structure of described cage lifter B9 is identical with the structure of cage lifter A8.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the both sides of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 are respectively equipped with floor stringer 17, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is connected by horizontal gusseted beam 18 with between floor stringer 17, and floor stringer 17 and lower floor are walked between crossbeam 6 and be connected by oblique gusseted beam 19.The spacing that upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor walk between crossbeam 6 is 8m; Lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 35m with the distance of the water surface, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is walked between crossbeam 6 with lower floor and is connected by vertical supporting reinforcement 35.
As shown in Figure 6, described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20 is provided with the cross traveling trolley walking track A23 and cross traveling trolley walking track B24 that arrange along bank direction, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A23, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B24; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is positioned at the below of the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is provided with transport carriage 26.
As shown in Figure 7, steel structure field bridge 3 comprises steel structure support body 25, transport carriage is walked short rail 27, bridge lifting dolly 28 and freight container are cleared out a harbour region 29, the top of steel structure support body 25 is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, field bridge lifting dolly 28 is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, transport carriage short rail 27 of walking is arranged on steel structure support body 25 and one end of being connected of ferry-boat bridge 2, transport carriage short rail 27 of walking is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, and transport carriage is walked, short rail 27 is positioned at a below for bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, freight container region 29 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on the middle part of steel structure support body 25, the below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is container stacking region 31.
As shown in Figure 8, freight container region 29 of clearing out a harbour is provided with clear out a harbour lifting dolly 32 and collection of collection and clears out a harbour lifting carriage walking track 33, collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body 25, and collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track 33.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, to unload a ship, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the double-deck bank bridge lifting also transfer container of live ladder, while promote freight container after the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 captures on ship, while along lower floor's walking track 7 to the direction running of ferry-boat bridge 2, stop when bank bridge lifting dolly 34 travels the top to the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2, and freight container is unloaded on the transport carriage 26 be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly 34 is sent to upper strata walking track 5 by cage lifter A8, and along upper strata walking track 5 towards the direction running of cage lifter B9, and send back on lower floor's walking track 7 by cage lifter B9, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
In this step, the bank bridge lifting dolly 34 on the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is at least 2.
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage 26 on ferry-boat bridge 2 receives freight container, walks after on short rail 27 along front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and the rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 final line transport carriage sailed on steel structure field bridge 3 and stops;
In this step, the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2 matches with the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, and be responsible for the freight container that reception bank bridge lifting dolly 34 ships, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is responsible for transport carriage 26 to deliver to different steel structure field bridges 3, realizes transport carriage 26 and enters different steel structure field bridges 3.
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, after the freight container be parked on transport carriage 26 that transport carriage walks on short rail 27 is sling by bridge lifting dolly 28, along field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, Container Transport is extremely specified container stacking region 31, the unloaded former road of transport carriage 26 is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21;
In this step, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lift by crane dolly 28 and targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking region 31 and clears out a harbour region 29, collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is cleared out a harbour along collection and is captured freight container after lifting carriage walking track 33 moves to the top of targeted containers and promoted, clear out a harbour along collection again and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track 33 moves to truck or train, targeted containers is unloaded.
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
Embodiments of the invention 2, as shown in Figure 1, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprises the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, ferry-boat bridge 2 and steel structure field bridge 3, ferry-boat bridge 2 is connected with steel structure field bridge 3, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge 2.
As shown in Figure 2, the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg 10, upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, lower floor's walking track 7, cage lifter A8, cage lifter B9 and bank bridge lifting dolly 34, upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 are all fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg 10, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5 is located on upper strata walking crossbeam 4, lower floor's walking track 7 is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, cage lifter A8 and cage lifter B9 is separately positioned on the two ends of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 9, cage lifter A8 comprises cage lifter support body 11, lift winch 12, car 13, joining rails 14 and cage guide 15, bottom and the lower floor of cage lifter support body 11 crossbeam 6 of walking is fixedly connected with, middle part and the upper strata of cage lifter support body 11 crossbeam 4 of walking is fixedly connected with, the cage guide 15 that four vertical directions are arranged is provided with in cage lifter support body 11, car 13 is provided with the spacing guide wheel group 16 matched with cage guide 15, the bottom surface of car 13 is provided with joining rails 14, lift winch 12 is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body 11, steel cord ends on lift winch 12 is fixed on the end face of car 13, the structure of described cage lifter B9 is identical with the structure of cage lifter A8.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the both sides of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 are respectively equipped with floor stringer 17, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is connected by horizontal gusseted beam 18 with between floor stringer 17, and floor stringer 17 and lower floor are walked between crossbeam 6 and be connected by oblique gusseted beam 19.The spacing that upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor walk between crossbeam 6 is 11m; Lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 41m with the distance of the water surface, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is walked between crossbeam 6 with lower floor and is connected by vertical supporting reinforcement 35.
As shown in Figure 6, described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20 is provided with the cross traveling trolley walking track A23 and cross traveling trolley walking track B24 that arrange along bank direction, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A23, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B24; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is positioned at the below of the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is provided with transport carriage 26.
As shown in Figure 7, steel structure field bridge 3 comprises steel structure support body 25, transport carriage is walked short rail 27, bridge lifting dolly 28 and freight container are cleared out a harbour region 29, the top of steel structure support body 25 is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, field bridge lifting dolly 28 is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, transport carriage short rail 27 of walking is arranged on steel structure support body 25 and one end of being connected of ferry-boat bridge 2, transport carriage short rail 27 of walking is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, and transport carriage is walked, short rail 27 is positioned at a below for bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, freight container region 29 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on the middle part of steel structure support body 25, the below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is container stacking region 31.
As shown in Figure 8, freight container region 29 of clearing out a harbour is provided with clear out a harbour lifting dolly 32 and collection of collection and clears out a harbour lifting carriage walking track 33, collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body 25, and collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track 33.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, to unload a ship, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the double-deck bank bridge lifting also transfer container of live ladder, while promote freight container after the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 captures on ship, while along lower floor's walking track 7 to the direction running of ferry-boat bridge 2, stop when bank bridge lifting dolly 34 travels the top to the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2, and freight container is unloaded on the transport carriage 26 be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly 34 is sent to upper strata walking track 5 by cage lifter A8, and along upper strata walking track 5 towards the direction running of cage lifter B9, and send back on lower floor's walking track 7 by cage lifter B9, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
In this step, the bank bridge lifting dolly 34 on the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is at least 2.
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage 26 on ferry-boat bridge 2 receives freight container, walks after on short rail 27 along front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and the rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 final line transport carriage sailed on steel structure field bridge 3 and stops;
In this step, the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2 matches with the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, and be responsible for the freight container that reception bank bridge lifting dolly 34 ships, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is responsible for transport carriage 26 to deliver to different steel structure field bridges 3, realizes transport carriage 26 and enters different steel structure field bridges 3.
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, after the freight container be parked on transport carriage 26 that transport carriage walks on short rail 27 is sling by bridge lifting dolly 28, along field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, Container Transport is extremely specified container stacking region 31, the unloaded former road of transport carriage 26 is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21;
In this step, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lift by crane dolly 28 and targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking region 31 and clears out a harbour region 29, collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is cleared out a harbour along collection and is captured freight container after lifting carriage walking track 33 moves to the top of targeted containers and promoted, clear out a harbour along collection again and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track 33 moves to truck or train, targeted containers is unloaded.
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
Embodiments of the invention 3, as shown in Figure 1, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprises the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, ferry-boat bridge 2 and steel structure field bridge 3, ferry-boat bridge 2 is connected with steel structure field bridge 3, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge 2.
As shown in Figure 2, the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg 10, upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, lower floor's walking track 7, cage lifter A8, cage lifter B9 and bank bridge lifting dolly 34, upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 are all fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg 10, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5 is located on upper strata walking crossbeam 4, lower floor's walking track 7 is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, cage lifter A8 and cage lifter B9 is separately positioned on the two ends of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 9, cage lifter A8 comprises cage lifter support body 11, lift winch 12, car 13, joining rails 14 and cage guide 15, bottom and the lower floor of cage lifter support body 11 crossbeam 6 of walking is fixedly connected with, middle part and the upper strata of cage lifter support body 11 crossbeam 4 of walking is fixedly connected with, the cage guide 15 that four vertical directions are arranged is provided with in cage lifter support body 11, car 13 is provided with the spacing guide wheel group 16 matched with cage guide 15, the bottom surface of car 13 is provided with joining rails 14, lift winch 12 is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body 11, steel cord ends on lift winch 12 is fixed on the end face of car 13, the structure of described cage lifter B9 is identical with the structure of cage lifter A8.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the both sides of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 are respectively equipped with floor stringer 17, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is connected by horizontal gusseted beam 18 with between floor stringer 17, and floor stringer 17 and lower floor are walked between crossbeam 6 and be connected by oblique gusseted beam 19.The spacing that upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor walk between crossbeam 6 is 13m; Lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 45m with the distance of the water surface, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is walked between crossbeam 6 with lower floor and is connected by vertical supporting reinforcement 35.
As shown in Figure 6, described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20 is provided with the cross traveling trolley walking track A23 and cross traveling trolley walking track B24 that arrange along bank direction, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A23, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B24; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is positioned at the below of the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is provided with transport carriage 26.
As shown in Figure 7, steel structure field bridge 3 comprises steel structure support body 25, transport carriage is walked short rail 27, bridge lifting dolly 28 and freight container are cleared out a harbour region 29, the top of steel structure support body 25 is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, field bridge lifting dolly 28 is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, transport carriage short rail 27 of walking is arranged on steel structure support body 25 and one end of being connected of ferry-boat bridge 2, transport carriage short rail 27 of walking is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, and transport carriage is walked, short rail 27 is positioned at a below for bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, freight container region 29 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on the middle part of steel structure support body 25, the below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is container stacking region 31.
As shown in Figure 8, freight container region 29 of clearing out a harbour is provided with clear out a harbour lifting dolly 32 and collection of collection and clears out a harbour lifting carriage walking track 33, collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body 25, and collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track 33.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, to unload a ship, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the double-deck bank bridge lifting also transfer container of live ladder, while promote freight container after the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 captures on ship, while along lower floor's walking track 7 to the direction running of ferry-boat bridge 2, stop when bank bridge lifting dolly 34 travels the top to the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2, and freight container is unloaded on the transport carriage 26 be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly 34 is sent to upper strata walking track 5 by cage lifter A8, and along upper strata walking track 5 towards the direction running of cage lifter B9, and send back on lower floor's walking track 7 by cage lifter B9, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
In this step, the bank bridge lifting dolly 34 on the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is at least 2.
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage 26 on ferry-boat bridge 2 receives freight container, walks after on short rail 27 along front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and the rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 final line transport carriage sailed on steel structure field bridge 3 and stops;
In this step, the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2 matches with the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, and be responsible for the freight container that reception bank bridge lifting dolly 34 ships, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is responsible for transport carriage 26 to deliver to different steel structure field bridges 3, realizes transport carriage 26 and enters different steel structure field bridges 3.
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, after the freight container be parked on transport carriage 26 that transport carriage walks on short rail 27 is sling by bridge lifting dolly 28, along field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, Container Transport is extremely specified container stacking region 31, the unloaded former road of transport carriage 26 is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21;
In this step, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lift by crane dolly 28 and targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking region 31 and clears out a harbour region 29, collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is cleared out a harbour along collection and is captured freight container after lifting carriage walking track 33 moves to the top of targeted containers and promoted, clear out a harbour along collection again and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track 33 moves to truck or train, targeted containers is unloaded.
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
Embodiments of the invention 4, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprises the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, ferry-boat bridge 2 and steel structure field bridge 3, and ferry-boat bridge 2 is connected with steel structure field bridge 3, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge 2.
The double-deck bank bridge of described live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg, upper strata walking track, lower floor's walking track, cage lifter A, cage lifter B and bank bridge lifting dolly, gantry type supporting leg is provided with two solid web girders be symmetrically arranged, the inner side of two solid web girders is equipped with upper strata walking track and lower floor's walking track, the top of lower floor's walking track is located at by upper strata walking track, and cage lifter A and cage lifter B is separately positioned on the two ends of two solid web girders.The inside of two solid web girders is equipped with the deep floor of constant spacing, is used for guaranteeing the rigidity of solid web girder.
Cage lifter A8 comprises cage lifter support body 11, lift winch 12, car 13, joining rails 14 and cage guide 15, the bottom of cage lifter support body 11 is fixedly connected with the bottom of solid web girder, the middle part of cage lifter support body 11 is fixedly connected with the top of solid web girder, the cage guide 15 that four vertical directions are arranged is provided with in cage lifter support body 11, car 13 is provided with the spacing guide wheel group 16 matched with cage guide 15, the bottom surface of car 13 is provided with joining rails 14, lift winch 12 is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body 11, steel cord ends on lift winch 12 is fixed on the end face of car 13, the structure of described cage lifter B9 is identical with the structure of cage lifter A8.
Described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20 is provided with the cross traveling trolley walking track A23 and cross traveling trolley walking track B24 that arrange along bank direction, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A23, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B24; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is positioned at the below of the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is provided with transport carriage 26.
Steel structure field bridge 3 comprises steel structure support body 25, transport carriage is walked short rail 27, field bridge lifting dolly 28 and freight container are cleared out a harbour region 29, the top of steel structure support body 25 is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, field bridge lifting dolly 28 is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, transport carriage short rail 27 of walking is arranged on steel structure support body 25 and one end of being connected of ferry-boat bridge 2, transport carriage short rail 27 of walking is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, and transport carriage is walked, short rail 27 is positioned at a below for bridge lifting carriage walking track 30; Freight container region 29 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on the middle part of steel structure support body 25; The below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is container stacking region 31.
Freight container region 29 of clearing out a harbour is provided with clear out a harbour lifting dolly 32 and collection of collection and clears out a harbour lifting carriage walking track 33, and collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body 25, and collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track 33.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, to unload a ship, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the double-deck bank bridge lifting also transfer container of live ladder, while promote freight container after the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 captures on ship, while along lower floor's walking track 7 to the direction running of ferry-boat bridge 2, stop when bank bridge lifting dolly 34 travels the top to the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2, and freight container is unloaded on the transport carriage 26 be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly 34 is sent to upper strata walking track 5 by cage lifter A8, and along upper strata walking track 5 towards the direction running of cage lifter B9, and send back on lower floor's walking track 7 by cage lifter B9, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
In this step, the bank bridge lifting dolly 34 on the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is at least 2.
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage 26 on ferry-boat bridge 2 receives freight container, walks after on short rail 27 along front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and the rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 final line transport carriage sailed on steel structure field bridge 3 and stops;
In this step, the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2 matches with the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, and be responsible for the freight container that reception bank bridge lifting dolly 34 ships, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is responsible for transport carriage 26 to deliver to different steel structure field bridges 3, realizes transport carriage 26 and enters different steel structure field bridges 3.
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, after the freight container be parked on transport carriage 26 that transport carriage walks on short rail 27 is sling by bridge lifting dolly 28, along field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, Container Transport is extremely specified container stacking region 31, the unloaded former road of transport carriage 26 is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21;
In this step, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lift by crane dolly 28 and targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking region 31 and clears out a harbour region 29, collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is cleared out a harbour along collection and is captured freight container after lifting carriage walking track 33 moves to the top of targeted containers and promoted, clear out a harbour along collection again and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track 33 moves to truck or train, targeted containers is unloaded.
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.

Claims (10)

1. a harbour container loading and unloading system, it is characterized in that: comprise the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder, ferry-boat bridge (2) and steel structure field bridge (3), ferry-boat bridge (2) is connected with steel structure field bridge (3), and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge (2), the double-deck bank bridge (1) of described live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg (10), upper strata walking crossbeam (4), upper strata walking track (5), lower floor's walking crossbeam (6), lower floor's walking track (7), cage lifter A(8), cage lifter B(9) and bank bridge lifting dolly (34), upper strata walking crossbeam (4) and lower floor's walking crossbeam (6) are all fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg (10), lower floor's walking crossbeam (6) is arranged at the below on upper strata walking crossbeam (4), upper strata walking track (5) is located on upper strata walking crossbeam (4), lower floor's walking track (7) is located in lower floor's walking crossbeam (6), cage lifter A(8) be arranged on upper strata walking crossbeam (4) and lower floor walk crossbeam (6) one end, cage lifter B(9) be arranged on upper strata walking crossbeam (4) and lower floor walk crossbeam (6) the other end, described cage lifter A(8) comprise cage lifter support body (11), lift winch (12), car (13), joining rails (14) and cage guide (15), bottom and the lower floor of cage lifter support body (11) crossbeam (6) of walking is fixedly connected with, middle part and the upper strata of cage lifter support body (11) crossbeam (4) of walking is fixedly connected with, the cage guide (15) that four vertical directions are arranged is provided with in cage lifter support body (11), car (13) is provided with the spacing guide wheel group (16) matched with cage guide (15), the bottom surface of car (13) is provided with joining rails (14), lift winch (12) is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body (11), steel cord ends on lift winch (12) is fixed on the end face of car (13), described cage lifter B(9) structure and cage lifter A(8) structure identical.
2. a kind of harbour container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the both sides of described upper strata walking crossbeam (4) are respectively equipped with floor stringer (17), upper strata walking crossbeam (4) is connected by horizontal gusseted beam (18) with between floor stringer (17), floor stringer (17) and lower floor are walked between crossbeam (6) and are connected by oblique gusseted beam (19), and upper strata walking crossbeam (4) and lower floor are walked between crossbeam (6) and be connected by vertical supporting reinforcement (35).
3. a kind of harbour container loading and unloading system according to claim 2, is characterized in that: upper strata walking crossbeam (4) and lower floor's spacing of walking between crossbeam (6) are 8m ~ 13m; Lower floor's walking crossbeam (6) is 35m ~ 45m with the distance of the water surface.
4. a kind of harbour container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ferry-boat bridge (2) comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame (20), front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) and rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22), ferry-boat bridge bracing frame (20) is provided with the cross traveling trolley walking track A(23 arranged along bank direction) and cross traveling trolley walking track B(24), front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A(23) on, rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22) is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B(24) on; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) is positioned at the below of the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) is provided with transport carriage (26).
5. a kind of harbour container loading and unloading system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described steel structure field bridge (3) comprises steel structure support body (25), transport carriage is walked short rail (27), bridge lifting dolly (28) and freight container are cleared out a harbour region (29), the top of steel structure support body (25) is provided with bridge lifting carriage walking track (30), field bridge lifting dolly (28) is located on bridge lifting carriage walking track (30), transport carriage short rail (27) of walking is arranged on steel structure support body (25) and ferry-boat bridge (2) one end of being connected, walk short rail (27) and rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22) of transport carriage is arranged in same plane, and transport carriage is walked, short rail (27) is positioned at a below for bridge lifting carriage walking track (30), freight container region (29) of clearing out a harbour is arranged on the middle part of steel structure support body (25), the below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track (30) is container stacking region (31).
6. a kind of harbour container loading and unloading system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described freight container clear out a harbour region (29) be provided with collection clear out a harbour lifting dolly (32) and collection clear out a harbour lift by crane carriage walking track (33), collection lifting carriage walking track (33) of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body (25), and collection lifting dolly (32) of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour in lifting carriage walking track (33).
7. a port Container Handling Technology, is characterized in that, to unload a ship, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the double-deck bank bridge lifting also transfer container of live ladder, while promote freight container after freight container on bank bridge lifting dolly (34) crawl ship, while the direction running along lower floor's walking track (7) to ferry-boat bridge (2), stop when bank bridge lifting dolly (34) travels the top to front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) on bridge of ferrying (2), and freight container is unloaded on the transport carriage (26) be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly (21), unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly (34) is by cage lifter A(8) be sent to upper strata walking track (5), and along upper strata walking track (5) towards cage lifter B(9) direction running, and by cage lifter B(9) send back in lower floor's walking track (7), prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after transport carriage (26) in ferry-boat bridge (2) receives freight container, stop after short rail (27) of walking is upper along front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) and rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22) the final line transport carriage sailed on steel structure field bridge (3);
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, after the freight container be parked on transport carriage (26) that transport carriage walks on short rail (27) is sling by bridge lifting dolly (28), along field bridge lifting carriage walking track (30), Container Transport is extremely specified container stacking region (31), unloaded transport carriage (26) former road is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly (21);
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
8. a kind of port Container Handling Technology according to claim 7, is characterized in that: in described step 1, and bank bridge lifting dolly (34) on the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder is at least 2.
9. a kind of port Container Handling Technology according to claim 7 or 8, it is characterized in that: in described step 2, match with the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder in front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) in ferry-boat bridge (2), be responsible for the freight container that reception bank bridge lifting dolly (34) is shipped, front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) is moved along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22) is responsible for transport carriage (26) to deliver to different steel structure fields bridge (3), realizes transport carriage (26) and enters different steel structure fields bridge (3).
10. a kind of port Container Handling Technology according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: in described step 3, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lift by crane dolly (28) and targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking region (31) clears out a harbour region (29), collection lifting dolly (32) of clearing out a harbour is cleared out a harbour after lifting carriage walking track (33) moves to the top of targeted containers along collection and is captured freight container and promoted, clear out a harbour along collection again and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track (33) moves to truck or train, targeted containers is unloaded.
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