CN103166226B - Network voltage reactive-power compound coordination control system and method for new energy power generation - Google Patents

Network voltage reactive-power compound coordination control system and method for new energy power generation Download PDF

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CN103166226B
CN103166226B CN201310114173.1A CN201310114173A CN103166226B CN 103166226 B CN103166226 B CN 103166226B CN 201310114173 A CN201310114173 A CN 201310114173A CN 103166226 B CN103166226 B CN 103166226B
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voltage
power
district
sends instruction
coordination controller
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CN103166226A (en
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李鹏
薛金明
王旭斌
李涛
信鹏飞
李家明
潘永忠
陈建杰
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YUNCHENG POWER SUPPLY Co OF SHANXI ELECTRIC POWER Corp
North China Electric Power University
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YUNCHENG POWER SUPPLY Co OF SHANXI ELECTRIC POWER Corp
North China Electric Power University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/76Power conversion electric or electronic aspects
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E40/00Technologies for an efficient electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y02E40/30Reactive power compensation

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of voltage reactive-power control of grid-connected operation of new energy power generation with wind power, photovoltaic and the like in electric engineering, and particularly relates to a network voltage reactive-power compound coordination control system and method for new energy power generation. A silent dynamic var generator, a dynamic voltage restorer and an existing transformer station voltage reactive-power comprehensive control device are combined to form a dynamic voltage reactive-power control system, a voltage reactive-power plane is divided into sixteen control areas by the aid of the optimum voltage reactive-power operating state and the unit adjustment variable quantity of a capacitor bank and an on-load voltage regulating transformer tap, and each area corresponds a corresponding control strategy. Network voltage reactive-power frequent fluctuation caused by wind power and photovoltaic intermittent power generation is restrained by coordinately controlling the dynamic voltage reactive-power control system, network voltage reactive-power comprehensive control level is improved, practical engineering application is facilitated, and key technical support is provided for voltage reactive-power comprehensive control of new energy grid-connected power generation in a smart grid.

Description

A kind of idle composite coordination control system of line voltage of generation of electricity by new energy and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the voltage & var control technical field that in electrical engineering, the new energy grid-connected power such as wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic runs, particularly a kind of idle composite coordination control system of line voltage and method containing generation of electricity by new energy.
Background technology
The basic performance element of electrical network automatic voltage control system (Automatic Voltage Control System-AVC) is transforming plant voltage reactive composite control apparatus (Voltage and Reactive Power Control System-VQC), VQC device is primarily of Capacitor banks and on-load tap-changing transformer composition, and the conversion (On Load Tap Changer-OLTC) of switching and on-load transformer tap changer that VQC system passes through nine-area control policy co-ordination control capacitor group is to realize line voltage and idle Comprehensive Control.And the subject matter existed in existing VQC device and " nine-zone diagram " control strategy is: the adjustment of on-load transformer tap changer and Capacitor banks is all have level to regulate, and regulate differential larger, be difficult to realize accurate control, in addition can produce the phenomenon of oscillation action during employing nine-area control strategy in some control area, cause traditional VQC device effectively can not meet the voltage power-less fluctuation problem caused when the intermittent new energy such as wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic electricity generation grid-connecting runs.
Power system reactive power voltage optimization controls to be the effective measures improving grid voltage quality, reduce network loss, improve power network safety operation.But improving constantly of the quality of power supply being required along with the large-scale development of the generation of electricity by new energy such as wind power generation, photovoltaic generation and user; the intermittent new energy being representative with wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic generating has also inevitably caused the power quality problem such as voltage fluctuation, voltage flicker frequently while alleviation Pressure on Energy, has had a strong impact on the normal operation of electrical network automatic voltage control system.Therefore, research and development are suitable for the voltage powerless control system of intermittent new energy electricity generation grid-connecting operation is very urgent and necessary.Given this, the present invention devises dynamic electric voltage powerless control system (Dynamic Voltage and Reactive Power Control System-DVQC), and correspondingly proposes a kind of idle composite coordination control method of line voltage containing generation of electricity by new energy.Its principle carries out cooperation control by the dynamic electric voltage idle composite coordination control method based on " 16 district figure " to the various voltage and reactive power compensation devices in DVQC thus solve to generate electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems due to intermittent new energy running the outstanding problem of the voltage power-less frequent fluctuation caused.The method is that the voltage & var control that in intelligent grid, new energy grid-connected power runs provides key technology support.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to because intermittent new energy is generated electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems the outstanding power quality problem of the frequent voltage fluctuation, voltage flicker etc. that cause, propose a kind of idle composite coordination control system of line voltage and method of generation of electricity by new energy.
The idle composite coordination control system of line voltage of generation of electricity by new energy, this system is made up of on-load tap-changing transformer 2, Capacitor banks 3, silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4, dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5, first power amplification unit 6, second power amplification unit 7, the 3rd power amplification unit 8, the 4th power amplification unit 9 and voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1; Wherein,
Described voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 is connected with on-load tap-changing transformer 2 by the first power amplification unit 6;
Described voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 is connected with Capacitor banks 3 by the second power amplification unit 7;
Described voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 is connected with silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 by the 3rd power amplification unit 8;
Described voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 is connected with dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 by the 4th power amplification unit 9;
Described on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is connected with dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5;
Described Capacitor banks 3 is connected with dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 with on-load tap-changing transformer 2 respectively with after the parallel connection of silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4;
Described first power amplification unit 6, second power amplification unit 7, the 3rd power amplification unit 8 and the 4th power amplification unit 9 are used for that the weak electric signal that voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends action command is converted to forceful electric power signal and distribute to each device.
The idle composite coordination control method of line voltage of generation of electricity by new energy, the method comprises the following steps:
Step 1: voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 carries out initialization, receives the information collected after initialization;
Step 2: voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 is according to substation low-voltage side busbar voltage U (0)with high-pressure side inject reactive power Q (0), judge that the voltage power-less running status of current system is in residing region in 16 district figure subregions;
Step 3: voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 is region residing for the voltage power-less running status of current system, the control strategy corresponding according to this region in the information collected and 16 district figure control strategies sends instruction respectively to on-load tap-changing transformer 2, Capacitor banks 3, silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 and dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5;
Step 4: on-load tap-changing transformer 2, Capacitor banks 3, silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 and dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5, after the instruction that the idle composite coordination controller 1 of receiver voltage sends, carry out corresponding actions and realize the control of dynamic voltage power-less composite coordination.
Information described in step 1 comprises substation low-voltage side busbar voltage U (0); The reactive power Q that high-pressure side is injected (0); The same day on-load tap-changing transformer 2 tap action frequency N; The group number F of Capacitor banks can be dropped into in, the group number F of Capacitor banks can be excised out; The tap current gear k of on-load tap-changing transformer 2.
The concrete partitioned mode of 16 district figure described in step 2 is as follows:
One district: provincial characteristics Q ≤ Q O - ΔQ q U ≥ U O + ΔU u ;
2nd district: provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q < Q &le; Q O U &GreaterEqual; U O + &Delta;U u ;
3rd district: provincial characteristics Q O < Q < Q O + &Delta;Q q U &GreaterEqual; U O + &Delta;U u ;
4th district: provincial characteristics Q &GreaterEqual; Q O + &Delta;Q q U &GreaterEqual; U O + &Delta;U u ;
5th district: provincial characteristics Q &le; Q O - &Delta;Q q U O &le; U < U O + &Delta;U u ;
6th district: provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q < Q &le; Q O U O &le; U < U O + &Delta;U u ;
7th district: provincial characteristics Q O < Q < Q O + &Delta;Q q U O < U < U O + &Delta;U u ;
8th district: provincial characteristics Q O + &Delta;Q q &le; Q U O < U < U O + &Delta;U u ;
9th district: provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q &GreaterEqual; Q U O - &Delta;U u < U < U O ;
Tenth district: provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q < Q &le; Q O U O - &Delta;U u < U < U O ;
11st district: provincial characteristics Q O < Q < Q O + &Delta;Q q U O - &Delta;U u < U &le; U O ;
No.12 District: provincial characteristics Q &GreaterEqual; Q O + &Delta;Q q U O - &Delta;U u < U &le; U O ;
13rd district: provincial characteristics Q &le; Q O - &Delta;Q q U &le; U O - &Delta;U u ;
14th district: provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q < Q &le; Q O U &le; U O - &Delta;U u ;
15th district: provincial characteristics Q O < Q < Q O + &Delta;Q q U &le; U O - &Delta;U u ;
16th district: provincial characteristics Q &GreaterEqual; Q O + &Delta;Q q U &le; U O - &Delta;U u ;
Wherein, O point is the optimized operation state of electrical network, U ofor the voltage of optimized operation state, Q ofor the reactive power of optimized operation state, Q is the reactive power under system current operating conditions, and U is the voltage under system current operating conditions, Δ Q qfor the idle work variable quantity that switching one group capacitor causes, Δ U uone grade of voltage variety caused is changed for regulating the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2.
Described in step 2,16 district figure control strategies are:
One district's strategy:
(1) if F out≠ 0, calculate M.m=|Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q q.If (i) M≤F out, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction excision M group capacitor; (ii) if M>F out, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction excision F outgroup capacitor;
(2) if F out=0, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
Two district's strategies:
(1) if Q o-Q (0)>Q ε, enter idle controlling unit, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if Q o-Q (0)≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link, if (i) k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 send voltage compensation U dVR=U o-U (0); (ii) if k<k maxand N<N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 rise one grade;
Three district's strategies:
(1) if k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
(2) if k<k maxand N<N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 rise one grade;
Four district's strategies:
(1) if k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
(2) if k<k maxand N<N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 rise one grade;
Five district's strategies:
(1) if F out≠ 0, M.m=|Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qif, (i) M≤F out, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction excision M group capacitor; (ii) if M>F out, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction excision F outgroup capacitor;
(2) if F out=0, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
Six district's strategies:
(1) if Q o-Q (0)>Q ε, enter idle controlling unit, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if Q o-Q (0)≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
Seven district's strategies:
Voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
Eight district's strategies:
Voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
Nine district's strategies:
Voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
Ten district's strategies:
Voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
11 district's strategies:
(1) if Q (0)-Q o>Q ε, enter idle controlling unit, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if Q (0)-Q o≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link.Voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
No.12 District strategy:
(1) if F in=0, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if F in≠ 0, calculate M.m=|Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q q;
If (i) M≤F in, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction and drops into M group capacitor;
(ii) if M>F in, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction and drops into F ingroup capacitor;
13 district's strategies:
(1) if k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
(2) if k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 fall one grade;
14 district's strategies:
(1) if k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
(2) if k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 fall one grade;
15 district's strategies:
(1) if Q (0)-Q o>Q ε, enter idle controlling unit, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if Q (0)-Q o≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link, if (i) k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0); (ii) if k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 fall one grade;
16 district's strategies:
(1) if F in=0, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if F in≠ 0, calculate M.m=|Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q q.If (i) M≤F in, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction and drops into M group capacitor; (ii) if M>F in, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends instruction and drops into F ingroup capacitor;
Wherein, total group of number of Capacitor banks 3 is F in+ F out; M.m is | Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qnumerical value, wherein M representative | Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qinteger part, m represent | Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qfractional part; The tap upper limit position of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is k max, lower position is k min.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention adopts the idle composite coordination control system of line voltage and the method for a kind of generation of electricity by new energy proposed, voltage power-less dynamic adjustments is carried out for the electrical network containing the generating of the intermittent new energy such as wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic, effectively can solve the outstanding problem of the voltage power-less frequent fluctuation caused due to the randomness of wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic, fluctuation, intermittence, effectively can realize the Real-time Balancing of reactive power, guarantee that voltage maintains normal level.Overcome the phenomenon of the oscillation action that existing VQC device and nine-area control strategy may cause simultaneously, the Dynamic controlling that line voltage can be made idle is more flexible, the optimal load flow being conducive to realizing electrical network runs, and improves the efficiency of generating electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems of the intermittent new energy such as wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic generating.The voltage power-less that the method significantly can suppress the intermittent new energy such as wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic electricity generation grid-connecting to run and cause fluctuates, improve line voltage reactive comprehensive level of control, improve electric network security, stability, reliability and economy that the intermittent new energy such as wind-powered electricity generation, photovoltaic in intelligent grid is generated electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems when running.In a word, the method is particularly suitable for, containing the idle cooperation control of line voltage of intermittent new energy generating, being convenient to practical engineering application, and the voltage and reactive power integrative control run for new energy grid-connected power in intelligent grid provides key technology support.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1. containing the wind-electricity integration power generation system structure schematic diagram of DVQC in embodiment;
" 16 district figure " control strategy principle schematic in Fig. 2 embodiment;
Dynamic electric voltage powerless control system DVQC operation principle flow chart in Fig. 3 embodiment;
Fig. 4. the wind farm wind velocity change curve in embodiment under Wind speed up operating mode;
Wind energy turbine set in Fig. 5 embodiment under Wind speed up operating mode is gained merit change curve;
Change curve contrast that wind energy turbine set in Fig. 6 embodiment under Wind speed up operating mode before and after DVQC regulates is idle;
Wind energy turbine set voltage change curve contrast in Fig. 7 embodiment under Wind speed up operating mode before and after DVQC regulates;
The wind farm wind velocity change curve under wind speed operating mode is surveyed in Fig. 8 embodiment;
The wind energy turbine set of surveying in Fig. 9 embodiment under wind speed operating mode is gained merit change curve;
The idle change curve contrast of the wind energy turbine set of front and back is regulated through DVQC under surveying wind speed operating mode in Figure 10 embodiment;
The wind energy turbine set voltage change curve of front and back is regulated to contrast through DVQC under surveying wind speed operating mode in Figure 11 embodiment;
Wherein, 1-voltage power-less composite coordination controller, 2-on-load tap-changing transformer, 3-Capacitor banks, 4-silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator, 5-dynamic electric voltage recovery device, 6-first power amplification unit, 7-second power amplification unit, 8-the 3rd power amplification unit, 9-the 4th power amplification unit.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1, existing transforming plant voltage reactive composite control apparatus VQC comprises Capacitor banks and on-load tap-changing transformer, and the present invention is by silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (Static Var Generator-SVG), dynamic electric voltage recovery device (Dynamic Voltage Restorer-DVR) combines with existing transforming plant voltage reactive composite control apparatus VQC and constitutes dynamic electric voltage powerless control system DVQC, wherein, on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is connected with dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5, Capacitor banks 3 is connected with dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 with on-load tap-changing transformer 2 respectively with after the parallel connection of silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4, first power amplification unit 6, second power amplification unit 7, 3rd power amplification unit 8 and the 4th power amplification unit 9 are used for that the weak electric signal that voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends action command is converted to forceful electric power signal and distribute to each device.They are all connected by power amplification unit the reception and the information feed back that realize order with voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1, and command signal carries out the conversion between weak electric signal and forceful electric power signal by power amplification unit.This system utilizes the unit of the idle optimized operation state of line voltage and VQC device (Capacitor banks, on-load transformer tap changer) to regulate variable quantity, and voltage and idle plane are divided into 16 controlled areas, the corresponding corresponding control strategy of regional.
Control strategy principle schematic that Fig. 2 gives " 16 district figure ", control strategy is according to the voltage of system Real-Time Monitoring, idle judgement electrical network current operating conditions region, then control with the cycle in compensating power vacancy and voltage deviation long according to the corresponding control strategy in this region to discrete type voltage and reactive power control systems such as on-load tap-changing transformer 2 and Capacitor banks 3, the flat part of vary within wide limits, control the dynamic electric voltage reactive-load adjusting device such as dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 and silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 shorter with the cycle in compensating power vacancy and voltage deviation, the dynamic fluctuation part that amplitude is little, thus real-time and precise realize the idle control of dynamic electric voltage, improve quality of voltage, reduce network loss, be conducive to Optimum Reactive Power Flow distribution, thus obtain good technical economic benefit.
In the 16 district figure control strategies of dynamic electric voltage control system DVQC, its desirable control objectives will be no longer a region, but a point, the voltage power-less parameter of this operating point is the voltage power-less value under electrical network optimized operation state, and calculating link by electrical network optimal load flow provides.This control program can reach control objectives more accurately, realizes the optimization of reactive power flow, guarantees quality of voltage.Wherein, O point is the optimized operation state of electrical network, U ofor the voltage of optimized operation state, Q ofor the reactive power of optimized operation state, Q is the reactive power under system current operating conditions, and U is the voltage under system current operating conditions, Δ Q qfor the idle work variable quantity that switching one group capacitor causes, Δ U uone grade of voltage variety caused is changed for regulating the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer." 16 district figure " control strategy with O point for control objectives, according to Δ U u, Δ Q qvoltage power-less plane marks off 16 regions, Δ U u, Δ Q qvalue the change of the difference of the tap joint position along with on-load tap-changing transformer and low-pressure side bus voltage is changed.
DVQC System Working Principle flow chart as indicated at 3.At every turn before DVQC system judges operating point interval and sends corresponding control strategy, first to obtain following information by electrical network remote signalling, telemetry function:
(1) substation low-voltage side busbar voltage U (0);
(2) high-pressure side inject reactive power Q (0);
(3) the tap joint position k(of on-load tap-changing transformer sets the tap upper limit position of on-load tap-changing transformer as k max, lower position is k min);
(4) Capacitor banks number F can be excised outand Capacitor banks number F can be dropped into in;
(5) the tap action frequency on the same day of on-load tap-changing transformer is that N(tap maximum actuation every day number of times is restricted to N max)
Adjustment tap and the mathematical relationship of opening-closing capacitor bank on voltage and idle impact are:
(1) voltage variety caused by tap-c hange control one grade of on-load tap-changing transformer is such as formula (1):
ΔU u=(Δk/k)U' (1)
Wherein, Δ k is the gear change amount between adjacent taps, is fixed value for same transformer; K is for regulating the gear residing for front tap; U' is the low-pressure side bus magnitude of voltage before tap-c hange control.
(2) tap-c hange control one grade of idle work variable quantity caused of on-load tap-changing transformer is such as formula (2):
ΔQ u=(Δk/k)(2+Δk/k)B CNU' 2 (2)
Wherein, B cNit is the specified susceptance value of a group capacitor.
(3) voltage variety that causes of switching one group capacitor is such as formula shown in (3).
ΔU q=U'*(Q CN/S SC) (3)
Wherein, Q cNit is the rated capacity of a group capacitor; S sCmain transformer low-pressure side capacity of short circuit.
(4) idle work variable quantity that causes of switching one group capacitor is such as formula shown in (4).
ΔQ q=B CNU' 2 (4)
3, " 16 district figure " control strategy is described in detail as follows:
Here M.m represents a numerical value, and M represents | Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qinteger part, m represent | Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qfractional part; Q (0), U (0)represent idle and magnitude of voltage initial in this control cycle of DVQC system, Q (1), U (1)represent the idle and magnitude of voltage of DVQC system after this control cycle regulates.
(1) a district: its provincial characteristics Q &le; Q O - &Delta;Q q U &GreaterEqual; U O + &Delta;U u
First the excised group number F of the section of sentencing Capacitor banks 3 outwhether be 0;
If 1. F out≠ 0, then preferentially should excise capacitor.By | Q o-Q (0)|/Δ Q q=M.m, can excise M group capacitor.Judge again should excise Capacitor banks number M and Capacitor banks number F can be excised outrelation.
If (i) M≤F out, then can excise Capacitor banks and count up to and all can enough meet the requirement should excising Capacitor banks number, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends the instruction of excision M group capacitor.The change in voltage caused by excision M group capacitor thus cause operation of power networks point from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) = M * &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
(ii) if M>F out, then can excise Capacitor banks number can not meet the requirement should excising Capacitor banks number completely.Voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 can only send excision F outgroup capacitor instruction.Excision F outgroup capacitor causes corresponding change in voltage operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) = F out * &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
If 2. F out=0, can not excise capacitor, then should preferentially allow silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send capacitive reactive power, its value size is Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o, correspondingly can cause voltage variety Δ U=-(U (0)/ S sC) * | Q sVG|.Operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
(2) 2nd district: its provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q < Q &le; Q O U &GreaterEqual; U O + &Delta;U u
First Q is judged o-Q (0)>Q εset up no.Q εfor the reactive power adjusting deviation amount allowed in actual operating mode.
1. Q o-Q (0)>Q ε, then idle controlling unit is entered.Because idle difference is less than the idle work variable quantity that switching one group capacitor causes, so without the need to opening-closing capacitor bank 3, directly make silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send capacitive reactive power, its value is Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o, correspondingly cause voltage variety to be Δ U=(-U (0)/ S sC) * | Q sVG|, operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
2. Q o-Q (0)≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link.The tap upshift step-down of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 need be regulated, now need the tap joint position k judging on-load tap-changing transformer 2 whether to be in lower limit k minand whether action frequency N reaches maximum permission action frequency N max.
If (i) k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, then show that the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is non-adjustable.Dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 action now should be made to produce voltage compensation quantity, and its value is U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U O
(ii) if k<k maxand N<N max, then the tap upshift step-down of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is regulated.Thus voltage variety is Δ U u=-(Δ k/k) U (0), owing to upshifing, the idle work variable quantity caused is operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) + &Delta;Q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U u
(3) 3rd district: its provincial characteristics Q O < Q < Q O + &Delta;Q q U &GreaterEqual; U O + &Delta;U u
First, need judge whether the tap joint position k of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is in lower limit k maxand whether action frequency N reaches maximum permission action frequency N max.
If 1. k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, then the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 can not carry out upshift step-down again.Now should allow and directly allow dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 directly produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + U DVR
If 2. k<k maxand N<N max, then the tap upshift step-down of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 can be made.
The tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 rises one grade and causes voltage variety to be Δ U u=-(Δ k/k) U (0), corresponding idle work variable quantity is operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) + &Delta;Q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U u
(4) 4th district: its provincial characteristics Q &GreaterEqual; Q O + &Delta;Q q U &GreaterEqual; U O + &Delta;U u
First, need judge whether the tap joint position k of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is in lower limit k maxand whether action frequency N reaches maximum permission action frequency N max.
If 1. k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, then the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 can not carry out upshift step-down again.Dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 now should be directly allowed directly to produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + U DVR
If 2. k<k maxand N<N max, then the tap upshift step-down of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is made.
The tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 rises one grade and causes voltage variety to be Δ U u=-(Δ k/k) U (0), corresponding idle work variable quantity is operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) + &Delta;Q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U u
(5) 5th district: its provincial characteristics Q &le; Q O - &Delta;Q q U O &le; U < U O + &Delta;U u
First the excised group number F of the section of sentencing Capacitor banks 3 outwhether be 0;
If 1. F out≠ 0, then preferentially should excise capacitor.By | Q o-Q (0)| Δ Q q=M.m, can excise M group capacitor.Judge again should excise Capacitor banks number M and Capacitor banks number F can be excised outrelation.
If (i) M≤F out, then can excise Capacitor banks and count up to and all can enough meet the requirement should excising Capacitor banks number, voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 sends the instruction of excision M group capacitor.The change in voltage caused by excision M group capacitor thus cause operation of power networks point from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) + M * &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
(ii) if M>F out, then can excise Capacitor banks number can not meet the requirement should excising Capacitor banks number completely.Voltage power-less composite coordination controller 1 can only send excision F outgroup capacitor instruction.Excision F outgroup capacitor causes corresponding change in voltage operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) + F out * &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
If 2. F out=0, can not excise capacitor, then should preferentially allow silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send capacitive reactive power, its value size is Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o, correspondingly can cause voltage variety Δ U=-(U (0)/ S sC) * | Q sVG|.Operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
(6) 6th district: its provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q < Q &le; Q O U O &le; U < U O + &Delta;U u
First Q is judged o-Q (0)>Q εset up no.
If 1. Q o-Q (0)>Q ε, then idle controlling unit is entered.First allow silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send capacitive reactive power, its value is Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o, cause correspondingly voltage variety operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
If 2. Q o-Q (0)≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link.Directly make dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 action, make it produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U O
(7) 7th district: its provincial characteristics Q O < Q < Q O + &Delta;Q q U O < U < U O + &Delta;U u
Directly make dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 action, make it produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) U ( 1 ) = U O
(8) 8th district: its provincial characteristics Q O + &Delta;Q q &le; Q U O < U < U O + &Delta;U u
Directly make dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 action, make it produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) U ( 1 ) = U O
(9) 9th district: its provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q &GreaterEqual; Q U O - &Delta;U u < U < U O
Directly make dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 action, make it produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) U ( 1 ) = U O
(10) tenth district: its provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q < Q &le; Q O U O - &Delta;U u < U < U O
Directly make dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 action, make it produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) U ( 1 ) = U O
(11) 11st district: its provincial characteristics Q O < Q < Q O + &Delta;Q q U O - &Delta;U u < U &le; U O
First Q is judged (0)-Q o>Q εset up no.
If 1. Q (0)-Q o>Q ε, then idle controlling unit is entered.Allow silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send lagging reactive power, its value is Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o, cause corresponding voltage variety to be operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
If 2. Q (0)-Q o≤ Q ε, then voltage control link is entered.Dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 action is made to produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U O
(12) No.12 District: its provincial characteristics Q &GreaterEqual; Q O + &Delta;Q q U O - &Delta;U u < U &le; U O
First judge that capacitor can drop into group number F inwhether be 0.
If 1. F in=0, then illustrate that capacitorless can be thrown.Need to make silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send lagging reactive power, its value is Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o, cause corresponding voltage variety operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
If 2. F in≠ 0, then can drop into Capacitor banks 3.By | Q o-Q (0)|/Δ Q q=M.m known needs drops into M group capacitor.
If (i) M≤F in, then can drop into Capacitor banks and count up to and all can enough meet the requirement that should drop into Capacitor banks number.Send the instruction dropping into M group capacitor, cause corresponding voltage variety operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) - M * &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
(ii) if M>F in, then F can only be dropped into ingroup capacitor, correspondingly causes voltage variety to be operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) - F in * &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
(13) 13rd district: its provincial characteristics Q &le; Q O - &Delta;Q q U &le; U O - &Delta;U u
First judge whether the tap joint position k of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is in lower limit k minand whether action frequency N reaches maximum permission action frequency N max.
If 1. k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, then the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 cannot carry out gear shift action again, and dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 direct action now should be allowed to produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) U ( 1 ) = U O
If 2. k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, then make the tap downshift boosting of on-load tap-changing transformer 2, thus cause voltage variety to be Δ U u=(Δ k/k) U (0), cause corresponding idle work variable quantity to be operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) + &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U u
(14) 14th district: its provincial characteristics Q O - &Delta;Q q < Q &le; Q O U &le; U O - &Delta;U u
First judge whether the tap joint position k of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is in lower limit k minand whether action frequency N reaches maximum permission action frequency N max.
If 1. k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, then illustrate that the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 cannot carry out downshift boosting again, now should allow dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 direct action generation voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) U ( 1 ) = U O
If 2. k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, then make the tap downshift boosting of on-load tap-changing transformer 2, thus cause voltage variety to be Δ U u=(Δ k/k) U (0), cause corresponding idle work variable quantity to be operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) + &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U u
(15) 15th district: its provincial characteristics Q O < Q < Q O + &Delta;Q q U &le; U O - &Delta;U u
First Q is judged (0)-Q o>Q εset up no.
If 1. Q (0)-Q o>Q ε, then idle controlling unit is entered.Allow the action of silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send perception idle, its value is Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o, cause corresponding voltage variety operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
If 2. Q (0)-Q o≤ Q ε, then voltage control link is entered.First, judge whether the tap joint position k of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 is in lower limit k minand whether action frequency N reaches maximum permission action frequency N max.
(i) if k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, then illustrate that the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer 2 cannot carry out downshift boosting again, now should allow dynamic electric voltage recovery device 5 direct action generation voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0), operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U O
(ii) if k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, then make the tap downshift boosting of on-load tap-changing transformer 2, thus cause voltage variety to be Δ U u=(Δ k/k) U (0), cause corresponding idle work variable quantity to be operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) + &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U u
(16) 16th district: its provincial characteristics Q &GreaterEqual; Q O + &Delta;Q q U &le; U O - &Delta;U u
First judge that capacitor can drop into group number F inwhether be 0.
If 1. F in=0, then illustrate that capacitorless can be thrown.Need to make silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator 4 send lagging reactive power, its value is Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o, cause corresponding voltage variety operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q O U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
If 2. F in≠ 0, then can drop into Capacitor banks 3.By | Q o-Q (0)|/Δ Q q=M.m known needs drops into M group capacitor.
If (i) M≤F in, then can drop into Capacitor banks and count up to and all can enough meet the requirement that should drop into Capacitor banks number.Send the instruction dropping into M group capacitor, cause corresponding voltage variety operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) - M * &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
(ii) if M>F in, then F can only be dropped into ingroup capacitor, correspondingly causes voltage variety to be operation of power networks state will from (Q (0), U (0)) become (Q (1), U (1)), wherein Q ( 1 ) = Q ( 0 ) - F in * &Delta;Q q U ( 1 ) = U ( 0 ) + &Delta;U
The emulation experiment model of the wind-electricity integration electricity generation system containing DVQC has as shown in Figure 1 been built under MATLAB/SIMULINK simulated environment.It is that the wind energy turbine set of 50MW is through 110/35kV boosting on-load tap-changing transformer access electrical network that this simulation model simulates capacity, wind energy turbine set unit is collected to wind energy turbine set 110kV booster stations with 35kV voltage, go out a 110kV circuit (LGJ-240) to access on the 110kV bus of certain 220kV transformer station, line length is about 18km.Wherein, the two volume step-up transformer of three-phase oil immersion air-cooled copper winding on-load voltage regulation selected by main transformer, and its model specification is: SFPZ-50000/110121 ± 8*1.25%/35kV; This wind energy turbine set primary substation low-pressure side bus is in parallel, and 8 pool-sizes are the capacitor of 2000kVar; Silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator SVG capacity is 10Mvar.This analogue system has carried out emulation experiment under the Wind speed up operating mode of simulation and the actual measurement wind speed operating mode of certain wind energy turbine set domestic.Simulation result as represented in figures 4 to 11, wherein Fig. 4 ~ 7 are the wind speed of wind-powered electricity generation grid-connected system under Wind speed up operating mode, meritorious, idle and change in voltage correlation curve before and after DVQC regulates, and Fig. 8 ~ 11 be the wind speed of wind-powered electricity generation grid-connected system under actual measurement wind speed operating mode, meritorious, the idle and change in voltage correlation curve that regulates front and back through DVQC.
From Fig. 4 ~ 11, the adjustment of the dynamic electric voltage powerless control system DVQC by the idle composite coordination control method of dynamic electric voltage based on " 16 district figure " can be found out in Wind speed up operating mode and a kind of simulation result of surveying under wind speed operating mode by wind-electricity integration electricity generation system simulation model, the voltage power-less fluctuation that wind speed drastic change and fluctuations in wind speed cause obtains and effectively suppresses, significantly improve the voltage power-less running status of electrical network, compensation effect is more accurate, greatly improves security and stability and the economy of operation of power networks.

Claims (1)

1. the idle composite coordination control method of the line voltage of generation of electricity by new energy, is characterized in that, said method comprising the steps of:
Step 1: voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) carries out initialization, receives the information collected after initialization;
Step 2: voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) is according to substation low-voltage side busbar voltage U (0)with high-pressure side inject reactive power Q (0), judge that the voltage power-less running status of current system is in residing region in 16 district figure subregions;
Step 3: voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) is region residing for the voltage power-less running status of current system, the control strategy corresponding according to this region in the information collected and 16 district figure control strategies sends instruction respectively to on-load tap-changing transformer (2), Capacitor banks (3), silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) and dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5);
Step 4: on-load tap-changing transformer (2), Capacitor banks (3), silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) and dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5), after the instruction that the idle composite coordination controller (1) of receiver voltage sends, carry out corresponding actions and realize the control of dynamic voltage power-less composite coordination;
In described step 1, information comprises substation low-voltage side busbar voltage U (0); The reactive power Q that high-pressure side is injected (0); The tap action frequency N on on-load tap-changing transformer on the same day (2); The group number F of Capacitor banks can be dropped into in, the group number F of Capacitor banks can be excised out; The tap current gear k of on-load tap-changing transformer (2);
In described step 2, the concrete partitioned mode of 16 district figure is as follows:
One district: provincial characteristics
2nd district: provincial characteristics
3rd district: provincial characteristics
4th district: provincial characteristics
5th district: provincial characteristics
6th district: provincial characteristics
7th district: provincial characteristics
8th district: provincial characteristics
9th district: provincial characteristics
Tenth district: provincial characteristics
11st district: provincial characteristics
No.12 District: provincial characteristics
13rd district: provincial characteristics
14th district: provincial characteristics
15th district: provincial characteristics
16th district: provincial characteristics
Wherein, O point is the optimized operation state of electrical network, U ofor the voltage of optimized operation state, Q ofor the reactive power of optimized operation state, Q is the reactive power under system current operating conditions, and U is the voltage under system current operating conditions, △ Q qfor the idle work variable quantity that switching one group capacitor causes, △ U uone grade of voltage variety caused is changed for regulating the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer (2);
In described step 2,16 district figure control strategies are:
One district's strategy:
(1) if F out≠ 0, calculate M.m=|Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q q; If (i) M≤F out, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction excision M group capacitor; (ii) if M>F out, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction excision F outgroup capacitor;
(2) if F out=0, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
Two district's strategies:
(1) if Q o-Q (0)>Q ε, Q εfor the reactive power adjusting deviation amount allowed in actual operating mode, enter idle controlling unit, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if Q o-Q (0)≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link, if (i) k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, N maxfor tap maximum actuation every day number of times, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) send voltage compensation U dVR=U o-U (0); (ii) if k<k maxand N<N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer (2) rise one grade;
Three district's strategies:
(1) if k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
(2) if k<k maxand N<N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer (2) rise one grade;
Four district's strategies:
(1) if k=k maxand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
(2) if k<k maxand N<N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer (2) rise one grade;
Five district's strategies:
(1) if F out≠ 0, M.m=|Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qif, (i) M≤F out, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction excision M group capacitor; (ii) if M>F out, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction excision F outgroup capacitor;
(2) if F out=0, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
Six district's strategies:
(1) if Q o-Q (0)>Q ε, enter idle controlling unit, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if Q o-Q (0)≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
Seven district's strategies:
Voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
Eight district's strategies:
Voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
Nine district's strategies:
Voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
Ten district's strategies:
Voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
11 district's strategies:
(1) if Q (0)-Q o>Q ε, enter idle controlling unit, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if Q (0)-Q o≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link; Voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
No.12 District strategy:
(1) if F in=0, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if F in≠ 0, calculate M.m=|Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q q;
If (i) M≤F in, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction and drops into M group capacitor;
(ii) if M>F in, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction and drops into F ingroup capacitor;
13 district's strategies:
(1) if k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
(2) if k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer (2) fall one grade;
14 district's strategies:
(1) if k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0);
(2) if k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer (2) fall one grade;
15 district's strategies:
(1) if Q (0)-Q o>Q ε, enter idle controlling unit, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if Q (0)-Q o≤ Q ε, enter voltage control link, if (i) k=k minand N=N maxin have an establishment at least, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes dynamic electric voltage recovery device (5) produce voltage compensation quantity U dVR=U o-U (0); (ii) if k ≠ k minand N ≠ N max, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes the tap of on-load tap-changing transformer (2) fall one grade;
16 district's strategies:
(1) if F in=0, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction makes silent oscillation dynamic reactive generator (4) send reactive power compensation amount Q sVG=Q (0)-Q o;
(2) if F in≠ 0, calculate M.m=|Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q q; If (i) M≤F in, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction and drops into M group capacitor; (ii) if M>F in, voltage power-less composite coordination controller (1) sends instruction and drops into F ingroup capacitor;
Wherein, total group of number of Capacitor banks (3) is F in+ F out; M.m is | Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qnumerical value, wherein M representative | Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qinteger part, m represent | Q (0)-Q o|/Δ Q qfractional part; The tap upper limit position of on-load tap-changing transformer (2) is k max, lower position is k min.
CN201310114173.1A 2013-03-29 2013-03-29 Network voltage reactive-power compound coordination control system and method for new energy power generation Expired - Fee Related CN103166226B (en)

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