CN103346577A - Wind power plant AVC reactive power control system and method for reducing power loss of wind power plant - Google Patents

Wind power plant AVC reactive power control system and method for reducing power loss of wind power plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103346577A
CN103346577A CN2013102898700A CN201310289870A CN103346577A CN 103346577 A CN103346577 A CN 103346577A CN 2013102898700 A CN2013102898700 A CN 2013102898700A CN 201310289870 A CN201310289870 A CN 201310289870A CN 103346577 A CN103346577 A CN 103346577A
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idle
wind energy
energy turbine
turbine set
blower fan
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CN103346577B (en
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戈阳阳
刘劲松
王刚
张冠锋
李胜辉
谢赐戬
赵清松
李明珠
巩晓伟
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Electric Power Research Institute of State Grid Liaoning Electric Power Co Ltd
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Electric Power Research Institute of State Grid Liaoning Electric Power Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/76Power conversion electric or electronic aspects
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E40/00Technologies for an efficient electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y02E40/10Flexible AC transmission systems [FACTS]

Abstract

The invention relates to a wind power plant AVC reactive power control system and method for reducing power loss of a wind power plant and belongs to the technical field of wind power plant grid-connected operation control. The wind power plant AVC reactive power control system comprises a wind power plant AVC substation, a wind driven generator and a reactive compensation device SVC, wherein the wind power plant AVC substation is connected with a wind driven generator server, the wind power plant AGC, the reactive compensation device SVC and a scheduling master station. The wind power plant AVC reactive power control system and method for reducing the power loss of the wind power plant have the advantages that generating efficiency of the system is improved, the fact that reactive power emitted or absorbed by each unit is within the permissible range of the unit is guaranteed, safe operation of equipment is guaranteed, the relation between active power output and reactive power output of a draught fan is fully considered, the reactive power output capacity of the draught fan is performed to the maximum degree, the switching frequency of a centralized reactive compensation device is reduced, and the using efficiency is improved.

Description

Reduce wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system and the method for wind energy turbine set power loss
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system and method that reduces the wind energy turbine set power loss, belong to wind farm grid-connected operation control technology field.
Background technology
Along with the great attention to renewable energy power generation of the fast development of wind generating technology and country, China's wind power generation construction has progressed into sound development period, and wind farm grid-connected serviceability promotes gradually.For guaranteeing power network safety operation, wind energy turbine set operator has begun the device at wind energy turbine set configuration AVC at present, purpose is to regulate reactive power and the voltage of electrical network access point, carry out reactive power compensation, stable with the voltage that guarantees the electrical network access point, prevent because wind speed changes the access point voltage fluctuation that brings.
But along with the extra adding of AVC, existing wind energy turbine set control strategy need be made appropriate change, and considers factors such as network loss minimizes.Wind energy turbine set AVC control system preferentially utilizes blower fan to send out the ability of reactive power at present, at first by each blower fan of distributing to by constant power factor or equal proportion, when total idle the exerting oneself to satisfy the bus requirement time of blower fan, drop into again and concentrate reactive-load compensation equipment, and the whole process response time is long, and capacitor drops into by group, causes the idle wasting of resources easily, has also increased the wind energy turbine set network loss.
Wind energy turbine set reactive power source mainly contains two kinds: wind-powered electricity generation unit and concentrated reactive-load compensation equipment.Concentrate reactive-load compensation equipment, for example static reacance power compensating device (SVC) can carry out balance to the reactive power of wind energy turbine set rapidly, but the defective that also has the big and poor stability of cost height, loss, and SVC is by the group switching, causes economic nargin low excessively easily.In addition, though most of blower fan adopts power decoupled control, when its idle ability of sending and reactive loss are influenced by wind speed still, can't reach idle specified control target.Wind energy turbine set voltage is controlled (AVC) system automatically can excavate the ability that the wind energy turbine set inner blower sends reactive power, cooperates with SVC, makes the wind energy turbine set reactive power reach better dynamic equilibrium.
The part that produces loss in the wind energy turbine set mainly comprises wind-powered electricity generation unit, case change, main transformer, current collection circuit, concentrate reactive power compensator, and carry out research to wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control method, be to take full advantage of the idle effective means of exerting oneself, reducing overall loss in the wind energy turbine set and improve the wind energy turbine set operation voltage level of blower fan, thereby make the electric power system can safety and economic operation.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides a kind of wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system and method that reduces the wind energy turbine set power loss, purpose is to make it take full advantage of the blower fan reactive power capability, realize the coordination control between wind energy turbine set reactive-load compensation equipment and the unit operation, and make the wind energy turbine set internal power proportion of goods damageds reduce to minimum degree.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Reduce the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of wind energy turbine set power loss, comprising: wind energy turbine set AVC substation, wind-driven generator and reactive power compensator SVC; Tool originally is to be connected with wind-driven generator server, wind energy turbine set AGC, reactive power compensator SVC and scheduling station respectively by wind energy turbine set AVC substation.
Reduce the control method of the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of wind energy turbine set power loss, comprise wind energy turbine set AVC substation, wind-driven generator and reactive power compensator SVC; Also comprise processor, memory module, input/output module, MODBUS (TCP/IP) communication interface, detection module, server; Processor is carried out control algolithm, and memory module and input/output module are called; Input/output module is communicated by letter with detection module by MODBUS (TCP/IP) communication interface, and communicates by the SCADA of server and wind turbine.
The information of the existing energy management platform of described wind energy turbine set AVC substation and wind energy turbine set exchange comprises state information and the control command of wind energy turbine set information, wind energy turbine set SVC equipment, comprises each blower fan real-time status information and control command with the information of blower fan server exchange; Wind energy turbine set AVC substation is idle or voltage-target directly is handed down to wind energy turbine set SVC, and SVC regulates and control by wind energy turbine set; The AVC substation system possesses communication, collection, control, calculating, storage, supervision, parameter function is set etc.; Wind-driven generator possesses idle fan-out capability, and blower fan SCADA can be controlled by the AVC system; Reactive power compensator is mainly SVC or SVG, and SVC and SVG all can be by issuing smooth adjustment idle or that the voltage instruction realization is idle to controller; The main transformer tap can be regulated high voltage bus voltage.
The wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of described reduction wind energy turbine set power loss, step is as follows:
The first step, AVC control system judge whether the voltage deviation value is out-of-limit, also site real-time voltage U MeanThe point target voltage U of assigning with the control centre that is incorporated into the power networks TargetCompare, obtain the voltage deviation value:
ΔU=|U mean-U target| (1);
In order to prevent the frequent adjusting of equipment, the voltage dead zone range is set, the scope of setting is Δ U≤0.01, wherein Δ U is
Figure BDA00003495320200031
Amplitude; If voltage deviation value Δ U during greater than the threshold value of error dead band module, then carries out the idle of next step and adjusts;
In second step, at first survey the meritorious output valve P of current each blower fan Gen, the real-time maximum fan-out capability Q of the every typhoon machine of restriction relation of and idle output meritorious by blower fan Reg (i)=λ P Gen (i), the idle reference value of wind-powered electricity generation unit of AVC default is total up to Q then Wref, namely blower fan total idle exert oneself given
Figure BDA00003495320200032
Wherein the maximum idle constraints of blower fan is:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H - - - ( 2 ) ;
λ is the power factor of blower fan in the formula, and the power factor scope under the blower fan normal operation is λ L≤ λ≤λ H, by formula (2) as can be seen, when blower fan is completely sent out, will lose idle regulating power;
The limit computing formula of separate unit blower fan output reactive power is:
Q reg max = | U 1 | X m 2 X 1 2 I r max 2 - P k 2 - | U 1 | X 1 2 Q reg min = | U 1 | X 1 2 - | U 1 | X m 2 X 1 2 I r max 2 - P k 2 - - - ( 3 ) ;
U in the formula 1Be blower fan stator terminal voltage, P kBe blower fan outlet active power, X 1Be stator leakage reactance and excitation reactance sum, I RmaxBe the current transformer current limit value, be generally 1.5 times of current transformer rated current;
In the 3rd step, by voltage and idle relation, calculate the reactive power compensation amount:
ΔU=ΔQ/S sc (4);
S sc=(U now-U last)/(ΣQ now/U now-ΣQ last/U last) (5);
In formula (4), (5), Δ Q is the reactive power variable quantity, S ScBe the capacity of short circuit of system busbar side, Σ Q Now, Σ Q LastFor last time total idle and current always idle, U Last, U NowLast time busbar voltage, current busbar voltage.If total reactive power demand Δ Q is greater than the overall idle fan-out capability Q of blower fan Wref, then entered for the 4th step; If Δ Q≤Q Wref, required idlely all sent out by blower fan then, at this moment, the idle set-point of separate unit blower fan is Q Reg(i)=Δ Q * Q Reg (i)/ Q Wref
If | Q SVCmax+ Q Wref|≤| Δ Q|, then the AVC system will provide the alarm prompt of regulating the main transformer tap;
The 4th step, wind energy turbine set inside causes the main air box change of power loss, current collection circuit, main transformer and concentrated reactive power compensator, and under certain wind speed, blower fan active power is fixed, in order to make the Power Output for Wind Power Field maximization, need make total active power loss minimum in the wind energy turbine set field, total-power loss:
ΔP Σ ( S , V ) = P 0 ( V ) + P S ( S , V ) + P LL ( S , V ) + P svc = ( V V N ) 2 · P N 0 + ( S S N ) 2 · ( V N V ) · P NS + ( S S N ) 2 · ( V N V ) · P NL + P svc - - - ( 6 )
Δ P in the formula ΣBe the total power loss of wind energy turbine set, P 0Be transformer noload losses, P SBe transformer short-circuit loss, P LLBe line loss, V is transformer working voltage value, V NBe the transformer load voltage value, S is transformer operation apparent power value, S NBe the specified apparent power value of transformer, P N0Be the specified no-load loss of transformer, P NSBe the specified short circuit loss of transformer, P NLBe the loss of circuit rated power, P SvcPower loss for reactive power compensator;
Set wind energy turbine set total-power loss Δ P ΣBe target function, because all are connected in a plant capacity loss on the current collection circuit:
P = I 2 R = ( S N / 3 U N ) 2 R = ( P gen × n / cos φ / k / 3 U N ) 2 R - - - ( 7 ) ;
Cos φ=λ wherein, n is the total platform number of blower fan, k is the percentage that actual electrical covers rated voltage;
The power loss P of reactive power compensator SvcComprise the loss of reactor in the fixed loss of fixed capacitor group and the TCR branch road, in the practice, the loss of reactor changes with voltage, but change little, TCR type SVC for 10Mvar-50Mvar, its loss is about the 0.5%-0.7% of capacity, can be set at known quantity according to the wind energy turbine set actual conditions;
So wind energy turbine set total-power loss Δ P by formula (5)-(7) as can be known, ΣOnly with the reactive power Q of each wind-driven generator WRelevant, formula (6) is converted to blower fan is idle to have the target function of distribution to be most:
T=ΔP Σ(S,V)=ΔP Σ(Q gen) (8);
In the 5th step, to the target function T processing of minimizing, wind-force is sent out the reactive power value of machine when obtaining target function and having minimum value
Figure BDA00003495320200051
The overall fan-out capability of wind-powered electricity generation unit is
Figure BDA00003495320200052
And this process need be considered the constraints of reactive power equilibrium in the wind energy turbine set:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max - - - ( 9 ) ;
ΔQ = Q Wref * + Q SVC - Δ Q Σ - - - ( 10 ) ;
Wherein:
Figure BDA00003495320200055
Be the overall fan-out capability of wind energy turbine set wind-powered electricity generation unit;
Δ Q is the reactive power variable quantity, i.e. the scheduling value of the total reactive power of wind energy turbine set;
Δ Q ΣBe the total reactive loss of wind energy turbine set, can represent with blower fan is idle;
The 6th step is by to Q WrefWith Compare, if
Figure BDA00003495320200057
The idle Q that is given as of blower fan then Reg, concentrate the idle Q that is given as of reactive power compensator Svc=Δ Q-Q Wref-Q T-Q LLIf
Figure BDA00003495320200058
Then blower fan is idle is given as
Figure BDA00003495320200059
Concentrate that reactive power compensator is idle to be given as this moment
Figure BDA000034953202000510
Q wherein TAnd Q LLBe respectively transformer and circuit reactive loss.
The control method of the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of described reduction wind energy turbine set power loss, described step is as follows:
The first step is by the voltage U of real-time measurement and site MeanThe point target voltage U of assigning with the control centre that is incorporated into the power networks TargetCompare, with U MeanWith U TargetCompare, judge whether the voltage deviation value is out-of-limit,
ΔU=|U mean-U target| (1);
In order to prevent the frequent adjusting of equipment, the voltage dead zone range is set, the scope of setting is Δ U≤0.01, wherein Δ U is
Figure BDA00003495320200061
Amplitude; , carries out voltage deviation value Δ U a moment set-point in the idle maintenance of wind energy turbine set if, then ending this secondary program less than the threshold value of dead band module; If voltage deviation value Δ U during greater than the threshold value of error dead band module, then carries out the idle of next step and adjusts;
In second step, calculate the real-time idle fan-out capability of blower fan:
Q reg = λ P gen Q Wref = Σ k = 1 n Q reg - - - ( 2 ) ;
Q wherein RegConstraints be:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max - - - ( 3 ) ;
In the 3rd step, calculate the reactive power compensation amount:
ΔU=ΔQ/S sc (4);
S sc=(U now-U last)/(ΣQ now/U now-ΣQ last/U last) (5);
In the formula, Δ Q is S ScBe the capacity of short circuit of system busbar side, Σ Q Now, Σ Q LastFor last time total idle and current always idle, U Last, U NowLast time busbar voltage, current busbar voltage.If total reactive power demand Δ Q is greater than the overall idle fan-out capability Q of blower fan Wref, then entered for the 4th step; If Δ Q≤Q Wref, required idlely all sent out by blower fan then; If | Q SVCmax+ Q Wref|≤| Δ Q|, then the AVC system will provide the alarm prompt of regulating the main transformer tap;
In the 4th step, set up the target function between wind turbine generator reactive power and the wind energy turbine set loss:
T=ΔP Σ(S,V)=P 0(V)+P S(S,V)+P LL(S,V)+P svc=ΔP Σ(Q gen) (6);
Constraints:
Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H ΔQ = Q Wref * + Q SVC - Δ Q Σ - - - ( 7 ) ;
Target function is asked local derviation, carry out minimization, total idle the exerting oneself of the blower fan of wind energy turbine set loss minimum during acquisition
Figure BDA00003495320200072
The 5th step is by to Q WrefWith
Figure BDA00003495320200073
Compare, if The idle Q that is given as of blower fan then Reg, concentrate the idle Q that is given as of reactive power compensator Svc=Δ Q-Q Wref-Q T-Q LLIf Then blower fan is idle is given as
Figure BDA00003495320200076
Concentrate that reactive power compensator is idle to be given as this moment
Figure BDA00003495320200077
Q wherein TAnd Q LLBe respectively transformer and circuit reactive loss;
In the 6th step, the AVC substation as control command, is sent to each wind-powered electricity generation unit and SVC with the reactive power setting value of wind turbine and concentrated reactive power compensator, finishes the idle control of wind energy turbine set.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are as follows:
Control system of the present invention is foundation with wind energy turbine set power loss minimum, distribute the idle of every typhoon machine to exert oneself, satisfy under the prerequisite of electrical network requirement guaranteeing the control point, improved the generating efficiency of system, and guaranteed that every unit sends or the reactive power that absorbs in the allowed band of unit, guaranteed the safe operation of equipment.The present invention has brought into play the idle fan-out capability of blower fan to greatest extent owing to taken into full account the meritorious and idle relation of exerting oneself of blower fan, has reduced concentrated reactive power compensator switching frequency simultaneously, has improved it and has utilized benefit.
Description of drawings
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is wind energy turbine set AVC control system structural representation;
Fig. 2 is that the idle setting program of wind energy turbine set AVC is formulated flow chart;
Fig. 3 is wind energy turbine set AVC control system hardware configuration structure figure of the present invention.
Embodiment
The present invention proposes the idle control strategy of wind energy turbine set AVC and is based on: in conjunction with the idle ability of exerting oneself of blower fan, control wind energy turbine set voltage control point (being that line port is sent in the transformer station high-pressure side) voltage in allowed limits, and make wind energy turbine set internal power loss minimum.
Basic ideas of the present invention are: wind energy turbine set AVC control system serves as the control target with wind energy turbine set high-voltage side bus voltage, take into account the blower fan set end voltage simultaneously in acceptable ranges, the idle fan-out capability of maximization blower fan reduces the SVC switching frequency, and maximization wind energy turbine set power loss.
As shown in fig. 1, wind energy turbine set AVC substation directly links to each other with scheduling station, wind energy turbine set AGC, blower fan supervisory control system and reactive power compensator SVC respectively, wind energy turbine set AVC substation and each several part exchange message are as shown in the figure, wherein wind energy turbine set AVC substation obtains each blower fan real-time status information from the blower fan supervisory control system, and carry out idle given calculating by wind energy turbine set AVC control unit, the result is that each power of fan factor is issued to blower fan by the blower fan supervisory control system again, realizes control on the spot; Wind energy turbine set AVC substation can be directly with Q in addition SvcGive wind energy turbine set SVC, SVC regulates and control by wind energy turbine set.
The set end voltage of the blower fan of all operations is all under the situation in acceptability limit in wind energy turbine set, after the scheduling controlling instruction is received in wind energy turbine set AVC substation, analyze by its COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING, producing drift gage according to the control target calculates and reaches the needed total idle value of high-voltage side bus control desired value, then according to the present variable capacity of SVC/SVG, the variable capacity of whole classifications and the variable capacity of capacitor/reactor, coordinate control blower fan and concentrated reactive power compensator, follow the wind field high-voltage side bus voltage control instruction that scheduling station issues, the control time constant is about second-minute level.
As shown in Figure 2, a kind of wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system that reduces the wind energy turbine set power loss comprises: AVC substation, wind power generation machine controller, reactive power compensator SVC, main transformer tap; Wind energy turbine set AVC substation is connected with blower fan server, wind energy turbine set AGC, wind energy turbine set SVC and scheduling station respectively, the information of the existing energy management platform of wind energy turbine set AVC substation and wind energy turbine set exchange comprises state information and the control command of wind energy turbine set information, SVC equipment, comprises each blower fan real-time status information and control command with the information of blower fan server exchange; Wind energy turbine set AVC substation is idle or voltage-target directly is handed down to wind energy turbine set SVC, and SVC regulates and control by wind energy turbine set.Wind energy turbine set SVC(Static Var Compensator)-and Static Var Compensator, can change idle that it sends fast, have stronger idle regulating power, can be electric power system the dynamic reactive power supply is provided.
Also comprise processor, memory module, input/output module, MODBUS (TCP/IP) communication interface, detection module, server; Processor is carried out control algolithm, and memory module and input/output module are called; Input/output module is communicated by letter with detection module by MODBUS (TCP/IP) communication interface, and communicates by the SCADA of server and wind turbine.
As shown in Figure 2, a kind of control method that reduces the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of wind energy turbine set power loss as mentioned above, step is as follows:
The first step, AVC control system judge whether the voltage deviation value is out-of-limit, also site real-time voltage U MeanThe point target voltage U of assigning with the control centre that is incorporated into the power networks TargetCompare, obtain the voltage deviation value:
ΔU=|U mean-U target| (1)
In order to prevent the frequent adjusting of equipment, the voltage dead zone range is set, the scope of setting is Δ U≤0.01, wherein Δ U is
Figure BDA00003495320200091
Amplitude; If voltage deviation value Δ U during greater than the threshold value of error dead band module, then carries out the idle of next step and adjusts;
In the 3rd step, at first survey the meritorious output valve P of current each blower fan Gen, the real-time maximum fan-out capability Q of the every typhoon machine of restriction relation of and idle output meritorious by blower fan Reg (i)=λ P Gen (i), the idle reference value of wind-powered electricity generation unit of AVC default is total up to Q then Wref, namely blower fan total idle exert oneself given
Figure BDA00003495320200092
Wherein the maximum idle constraints of blower fan is:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H - - - ( 2 )
λ is the power factor of blower fan in the formula, and the power factor scope under the blower fan normal operation is λ L≤ λ≤λ H, by formula (2) as can be seen, when blower fan is completely sent out, will lose idle regulating power.
The limit computing formula of separate unit blower fan output reactive power is:
Q reg max = | U 1 | X m 2 X 1 2 I r max 2 - P k 2 - | U 1 | X 1 2 Q reg min = | U 1 | X 1 2 - | U 1 | X m 2 X 1 2 I r max 2 - P k 2 - - - ( 3 )
U in the formula 1Be blower fan stator terminal voltage, P kBe blower fan outlet active power, X 1Be stator leakage reactance and excitation reactance sum, I RmaxBe the current transformer current limit value, be generally 1.5 times of current transformer rated current
In second step, by voltage and idle relation, calculate the reactive power compensation amount:
ΔU=ΔQ/S sc (4)
S sc=(U now-U last)/(ΣQ now/U now-ΣQ last/U last) (5)
In formula (4), (5), Δ Q is the reactive power variable quantity, S ScBe the capacity of short circuit of system busbar side, Σ Q Now, Σ Q LastFor last time total idle and current always idle, U Last, U NowLast time busbar voltage, current busbar voltage.If total reactive power demand Δ Q is greater than the overall idle fan-out capability Q of blower fan Wref, then entered for the 4th step; If Δ Q≤Q Wref, required idlely all sent out by blower fan then, at this moment, the idle set-point of separate unit blower fan is Q Reg(i)=Δ Q * Q Reg (i)/ Q Wref
If | Q SVCmax+ Q Wref|≤| Δ Q|, then the AVC system will provide the alarm prompt of regulating the main transformer tap.
The 4th step, wind energy turbine set inside causes the main air box change of power loss, current collection circuit, main transformer and concentrated reactive power compensator, and under certain wind speed, blower fan active power is fixed, in order to make the Power Output for Wind Power Field maximization, need make total active power loss minimum in the wind energy turbine set field, total-power loss:
ΔP Σ ( S , V ) = P 0 ( V ) + P S ( S , V ) + P LL ( S , V ) + P svc = ( V V N ) 2 · P N 0 + ( S S N ) 2 · ( V N V ) · P NS + ( S S N ) 2 · ( V N V ) · P NL + P svc - - - ( 6 )
Δ P in the formula ΣBe the total power loss of wind energy turbine set, P 0Be transformer noload losses, P SBe transformer short-circuit loss, P LLBe line loss, V is transformer working voltage value, V NBe the transformer load voltage value, S is transformer operation apparent power value, S NBe the specified apparent power value of transformer, P N0Be the specified no-load loss of transformer, P NSBe the specified short circuit loss of transformer, P NLBe the loss of circuit rated power, P SvcPower loss for reactive power compensator.
Set wind energy turbine set total-power loss Δ P ΣBe target function, because all are connected in a plant capacity loss on the current collection circuit:
P = I 2 R = ( S N / 3 U N ) 2 R = ( P gen × n / cos φ / k / 3 U N ) 2 R - - - ( 7 )
Cos φ=λ wherein, n is the total platform number of blower fan, k is the percentage that actual electrical covers rated voltage.
The power loss P of reactive power compensator SvcComprise the loss of reactor in the fixed loss of fixed capacitor group and the TCR branch road, in the practice, the loss of reactor changes with voltage, but change little, TCR type SVC for 10Mvar-50Mvar, its loss is about the 0.5%-0.7% of capacity, can be set at known quantity according to the wind energy turbine set actual conditions.
So wind energy turbine set total-power loss Δ P by formula (5)-(7) as can be known, ΣOnly with the reactive power Q of each wind-driven generator WRelevant, formula (6) is converted to blower fan is idle to have the target function of distribution to be most:
T=ΔP Σ(S,V)=ΔP Σ(Q gen) (8)
In the 5th step, to the target function T processing of minimizing, wind-force is sent out the reactive power value of machine when obtaining target function and having minimum value The overall fan-out capability of wind-powered electricity generation unit is
Figure BDA00003495320200113
And this process need be considered the constraints of reactive power equilibrium in the wind energy turbine set:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max - - - ( 9 )
ΔQ = Q Wref * + Q SVC - Δ Q Σ - - - ( 10 )
Wherein: Be the overall fan-out capability of wind energy turbine set wind-powered electricity generation unit;
Δ Q is the reactive power variable quantity, i.e. the scheduling value of the total reactive power of wind energy turbine set;
Δ Q ΣBe the total reactive loss of wind energy turbine set, can represent with blower fan is idle;
The 6th step is by to Q WrefWith
Figure BDA00003495320200117
Compare, if
Figure BDA00003495320200118
The idle Q that is given as of blower fan then Reg, concentrate the idle Q that is given as of reactive power compensator Svc=Δ Q-Q Wref-Q T-Q LLIf
Figure BDA00003495320200119
Then blower fan is idle is given as Concentrate that reactive power compensator is idle to be given as this moment Q wherein TAnd Q LLBe respectively transformer and circuit reactive loss.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, the idle given calculation process in wind energy turbine set AVC substation divides following steps:
The first step is by the voltage U of real-time measurement and site MeanThe point target voltage U of assigning with the control centre that is incorporated into the power networks TargetCompare, with U MeanWith U TargetCompare, judge whether the voltage deviation value is out-of-limit,
ΔU=|U mean-U target| (1);
In order to prevent the frequent adjusting of equipment, the voltage dead zone range is set, the scope of setting is Δ U≤0.01, wherein
Figure BDA00003495320200123
Amplitude; , carries out voltage deviation value Δ U a moment set-point in the idle maintenance of wind energy turbine set if, then ending this secondary program less than the threshold value of dead band module; If voltage deviation value Δ U during greater than the threshold value of error dead band module, then carries out the idle of next step and adjusts.
In second step, calculate the real-time idle fan-out capability of blower fan:
Q reg = λ P gen Q Wref = Σ k = 1 n Q reg - - - ( 2 ) ;
Q wherein RegConstraints be:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max - - - ( 3 ) ;
In the 3rd step, calculate the reactive power compensation amount:
ΔU=ΔQ/S sc (4);
S sc=(U now-U last)/(ΣQ now/U now-ΣQ last/U last) (5);
In the formula, Δ Q is S ScBe the capacity of short circuit of system busbar side, Σ Q Now, Σ Q LastFor last time total idle and current always idle, U Last, U NowLast time busbar voltage, current busbar voltage.If total reactive power demand Δ Q is greater than the overall idle fan-out capability Q of blower fan Wref, then entered for the 4th step; If Δ Q≤Q Wref, required idlely all sent out by blower fan then; If | Q SVCmax+ Q Wref|≤| Δ Q|, then the AVC system will provide the alarm prompt of regulating the main transformer tap.
In the 4th step, set up the target function between wind turbine generator reactive power and the wind energy turbine set loss:
T=ΔP Σ(S,V)=P 0(V)+P S(S,V)+P LL(S,V)+P svc=ΔP Σ(Q gen) (6);
Constraints:
Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H ΔQ = Q Wref * + Q SVC - Δ Q Σ - - - ( 7 ) ;
Target function is asked local derviation, carry out minimization, total idle the exerting oneself of the blower fan of wind energy turbine set loss minimum during acquisition
Figure BDA00003495320200132
The 5th step is by to Q WrefWith
Figure BDA00003495320200133
Compare, if
Figure BDA00003495320200134
The idle Q that is given as of blower fan then Reg, concentrate the idle Q that is given as of reactive power compensator Svc=Δ Q-Q Wref-Q T-Q LLIf
Figure BDA00003495320200135
Then blower fan is idle is given as
Figure BDA00003495320200136
Concentrate that reactive power compensator is idle to be given as this moment
Figure BDA00003495320200137
Q wherein TAnd Q LLBe respectively transformer and circuit reactive loss.
In the 6th step, the AVC substation as control command, is sent to each wind-powered electricity generation unit and SVC with the reactive power setting value of wind turbine and concentrated reactive power compensator, finishes the idle control of wind energy turbine set.
This control module can realize that data handle, and the idle link of adjusting comprises that PI utilizes the voltage deviation value to calculate no-power vacancy, calculates the maximum output constraint of reactive power, the idle reference value Δ Q of gained is obtained the idle setting value Q of wind energy turbine set through the maximum idle output constraint of wind energy turbine set relatively after retraining with the wind energy turbine set power factor when regulating RegNo distribution of work link comprises that the loss of calculated field inner blower and the minimum idle size of exerting oneself of every typhoon machine namely utilize idle setting value to distribute according to the allocation strategy that the present invention proposes.

Claims (5)

1. reduce the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of wind energy turbine set power loss, it is characterized in that: comprising: wind energy turbine set AVC substation, wind-driven generator and reactive power compensator SVC; Tool originally is to be connected with wind-driven generator server, wind energy turbine set AGC, reactive power compensator SVC and scheduling station respectively by wind energy turbine set AVC substation.
2. reduce the control method of the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of wind energy turbine set power loss, it is characterized in that: comprise wind energy turbine set AVC substation, wind-driven generator and reactive power compensator SVC; Also comprise processor, memory module, input/output module, MODBUS (TCP/IP) communication interface, detection module, server; Processor is carried out control algolithm, and memory module and input/output module are called; Input/output module is communicated by letter with detection module by MODBUS (TCP/IP) communication interface, and communicates by the SCADA of server and wind turbine.
3. according to the control method of the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of claim 1 and 2 described reduction wind energy turbine set power losss, it is characterized in that: the information of the existing energy management platform of described wind energy turbine set AVC substation and wind energy turbine set exchange comprises state information and the control command of wind energy turbine set information, wind energy turbine set SVC equipment, comprises each blower fan real-time status information and control command with the information of blower fan server exchange; Wind energy turbine set AVC substation is idle or voltage-target directly is handed down to wind energy turbine set SVC, and SVC regulates and control by wind energy turbine set;
The AVC substation system possesses communication, collection, control, calculating, storage, supervision, parameter function is set etc.; Wind-driven generator possesses idle fan-out capability, and blower fan SCADA can be controlled by the AVC system; Reactive power compensator is mainly SVC or SVG, and SVC and SVG all can be by issuing smooth adjustment idle or that the voltage instruction realization is idle to controller; The main transformer tap can be regulated high voltage bus voltage.
4. according to the control method of the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of claim 1 and 2 described reduction wind energy turbine set power losss, it is characterized in that: step is as follows:
The first step, AVC control system judge whether the voltage deviation value is out-of-limit, also site real-time voltage U MeanThe point target voltage U of assigning with the control centre that is incorporated into the power networks TargetCompare, obtain the voltage deviation value:
ΔU=|U mean-U target| (1);
In order to prevent the frequent adjusting of equipment, the voltage dead zone range is set, the scope of setting is Δ U≤0.01, wherein Δ U is
Figure FDA00003495320100021
Amplitude; If voltage deviation value Δ U during greater than the threshold value of error dead band module, then carries out the idle of next step and adjusts;
In second step, at first survey the meritorious output valve P of current each blower fan Gen, the real-time maximum fan-out capability Q of the every typhoon machine of restriction relation of and idle output meritorious by blower fan Reg (i)=λ P Gen (i), the idle reference value of wind-powered electricity generation unit of AVC default is total up to Q then Wref, namely blower fan total idle exert oneself given Wherein the maximum idle constraints of blower fan is:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H - - - ( 2 ) ;
λ is the power factor of blower fan in the formula, and the power factor scope under the blower fan normal operation is λ L≤ λ≤λ H, by formula (2) as can be seen, when blower fan is completely sent out, will lose idle regulating power;
The limit computing formula of separate unit blower fan output reactive power is:
Q reg max = | U 1 | X m 2 X 1 2 I r max 2 - P k 2 - | U 1 | X 1 2 Q reg min = | U 1 | X 1 2 - | U 1 | X m 2 X 1 2 I r max 2 - P k 2 - - - ( 3 ) ;
U in the formula 1Be blower fan stator terminal voltage, P kBe blower fan outlet active power, X 1Be stator leakage reactance and excitation reactance sum, I RmaxBe the current transformer current limit value, be generally 1.5 times of current transformer rated current;
In the 3rd step, by voltage and idle relation, calculate the reactive power compensation amount:
ΔU=ΔQ/S sc (4);
S sc=(U now-U last)/(ΣQ now/U now-ΣQ last/U last) (5);
In formula (4), (5), Δ Q is the reactive power variable quantity, S ScBe the capacity of short circuit of system busbar side, Σ Q Now, Σ Q LastFor last time total idle and current always idle, U Last, U NowLast time busbar voltage, current busbar voltage.If total reactive power demand Δ Q is greater than the overall idle fan-out capability Q of blower fan Wref, then entered for the 4th step; If Δ Q≤Q Wref, required idlely all sent out by blower fan then, at this moment, the idle set-point of separate unit blower fan is Q Reg(i)=Δ Q * Q Reg (i)/ Q Wref
If | Q SVCmax+ Q Wref|≤| Δ Q|, then the AVC system will provide the alarm prompt of regulating the main transformer tap;
The 4th step, wind energy turbine set inside causes the main air box change of power loss, current collection circuit, main transformer and concentrated reactive power compensator, and under certain wind speed, blower fan active power is fixed, in order to make the Power Output for Wind Power Field maximization, need make total active power loss minimum in the wind energy turbine set field, total-power loss:
ΔP Σ ( S , V ) = P 0 ( V ) + P S ( S , V ) + P LL ( S , V ) + P svc = ( V V N ) 2 · P N 0 + ( S S N ) 2 · ( V N V ) · P NS + ( S S N ) 2 · ( V N V ) · P NL + P svc - - - ( 6 )
Δ P in the formula ΣBe the total power loss of wind energy turbine set, P 0Be transformer noload losses, P SBe transformer short-circuit loss, P LLBe line loss, V is transformer working voltage value, V NBe the transformer load voltage value, S is transformer operation apparent power value, S NBe the specified apparent power value of transformer, P N0Be the specified no-load loss of transformer, P NSBe the specified short circuit loss of transformer, P NLBe the loss of circuit rated power, P SvcPower loss for reactive power compensator;
Set wind energy turbine set total-power loss Δ P ΣBe target function, because all are connected in a plant capacity loss on the current collection circuit:
P = I 2 R = ( S N / 3 U N ) 2 R = ( P gen × n / cos φ / k / 3 U N ) 2 R - - - ( 7 ) ;
Cos φ=λ wherein, n is the total platform number of blower fan, k is the percentage that actual electrical covers rated voltage;
The power loss P of reactive power compensator SvcComprise the loss of reactor in the fixed loss of fixed capacitor group and the TCR branch road, in the practice, the loss of reactor changes with voltage, but change little, TCR type SVC for 10Mvar-50Mvar, its loss is about the 0.5%-0.7% of capacity, can be set at known quantity according to the wind energy turbine set actual conditions;
So wind energy turbine set total-power loss Δ P by formula (5)-(7) as can be known, ΣOnly with the reactive power Q of each wind-driven generator WRelevant, formula (6) is converted to blower fan is idle to have the target function of distribution to be most:
T=ΔP Σ(S,V)=ΔP Σ(Q gen) (8);
In the 5th step, to the target function T processing of minimizing, wind-force is sent out the reactive power value of machine when obtaining target function and having minimum value
Figure FDA00003495320100041
The overall fan-out capability of wind-powered electricity generation unit is
Figure FDA00003495320100042
And this process need be considered the constraints of reactive power equilibrium in the wind energy turbine set:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max - - - ( 9 ) ;
ΔQ = Q Wref * + Q SVC - Δ Q Σ - - - ( 10 ) ;
Wherein:
Figure FDA00003495320100045
Be the overall fan-out capability of wind energy turbine set wind-powered electricity generation unit;
Δ Q is the reactive power variable quantity, i.e. the scheduling value of the total reactive power of wind energy turbine set;
Δ Q ΣBe the total reactive loss of wind energy turbine set, can represent with blower fan is idle;
The 6th step is by to Q WrefWith
Figure FDA00003495320100046
Compare, if
Figure FDA00003495320100047
The idle Q that is given as of blower fan then Reg, concentrate the idle Q that is given as of reactive power compensator Svc=Δ Q-Q Wref-Q T-Q LLIf Then blower fan is idle is given as
Figure FDA00003495320100049
Concentrate that reactive power compensator is idle to be given as this moment Q wherein TAnd Q LLBe respectively transformer and circuit reactive loss.
5. the control method of the wind energy turbine set AVC powerless control system of reduction wind energy turbine set power loss according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described step is as follows:
The first step is by the voltage U of real-time measurement and site MeanThe point target voltage U of assigning with the control centre that is incorporated into the power networks TargetCompare, with U MeanWith U TargetCompare, judge whether the voltage deviation value is out-of-limit,
ΔU=|U mean-U target| (1);
In order to prevent the frequent adjusting of equipment, the voltage dead zone range is set, the scope of setting is Δ U≤0.01, wherein Δ U is
Figure FDA000034953201000411
Amplitude; , carries out voltage deviation value Δ U a moment set-point in the idle maintenance of wind energy turbine set if, then ending this secondary program less than the threshold value of dead band module; If voltage deviation value Δ U during greater than the threshold value of error dead band module, then carries out the idle of next step and adjusts;
In second step, calculate the real-time idle fan-out capability of blower fan:
Q reg = λ P gen Q Wref = Σ k = 1 n Q reg - - - ( 2 ) ;
Q wherein RegConstraints be:
P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max - - - ( 3 ) ;
In the 3rd step, calculate the reactive power compensation amount:
ΔU=ΔQ/S sc (4);
S sc=(U now-U last)/(ΣQ now/U now-ΣQ last/U last) (5);
In the formula, Δ Q is S ScBe the capacity of short circuit of system busbar side, Σ Q Now, Σ Q LastFor last time total idle and current always idle, U Last, U NowLast time busbar voltage, current busbar voltage.If total reactive power demand Δ Q is greater than the overall idle fan-out capability Q of blower fan Wref, then entered for the 4th step; If Δ Q≤Q Wref, required idlely all sent out by blower fan then; If | Q SVCmax+ Q Wref|≤| Δ Q|, then the AVC system will provide the alarm prompt of regulating the main transformer tap;
In the 4th step, set up the target function between wind turbine generator reactive power and the wind energy turbine set loss:
T=ΔP Σ(S,V)=P 0(V)+P S(S,V)+P LL(S,V)+P svc=ΔP Σ(Q gen) (6);
Constraints:
Q reg min ≤ Q reg ≤ Q reg max P W 1 - λ L 2 λ L ≤ Q reg ≤ P W 1 - λ H 2 λ H ΔQ = Q Wref * + Q SVC - Δ Q Σ - - - ( 7 ) ;
Target function is asked local derviation, carry out minimization, total idle the exerting oneself of the blower fan of wind energy turbine set loss minimum during acquisition
Figure FDA00003495320100054
The 5th step is by to Q WrefWith
Figure FDA00003495320100055
Compare, if
Figure FDA00003495320100056
The idle Q that is given as of blower fan then Reg, concentrate the idle Q that is given as of reactive power compensator Svc=Δ Q-Q Wref-Q T-Q LLIf
Figure FDA00003495320100057
Then blower fan is idle is given as Concentrate that reactive power compensator is idle to be given as this moment
Figure FDA00003495320100062
Q wherein TAnd Q LLBe respectively transformer and circuit reactive loss;
In the 6th step, the AVC substation as control command, is sent to each wind-powered electricity generation unit and SVC with the reactive power setting value of wind turbine and concentrated reactive power compensator, finishes the idle control of wind energy turbine set.
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