CN103112385A - Fire rescue device based on unmanned aerial vehicle - Google Patents

Fire rescue device based on unmanned aerial vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103112385A
CN103112385A CN2013100771917A CN201310077191A CN103112385A CN 103112385 A CN103112385 A CN 103112385A CN 2013100771917 A CN2013100771917 A CN 2013100771917A CN 201310077191 A CN201310077191 A CN 201310077191A CN 103112385 A CN103112385 A CN 103112385A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fire
unmanned plane
fire extinguishing
target
microcomputer
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013100771917A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱旭阳
刘浩
申研
白鹏英
程立涛
王锐
廖庆
韩书永
秦渊
葛晓飞
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北京机械设备研究所
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Publication date
Application filed by 北京机械设备研究所 filed Critical 北京机械设备研究所
Priority to CN2013100771917A priority Critical patent/CN103112385A/en
Publication of CN103112385A publication Critical patent/CN103112385A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a fire rescue device based on an unmanned aerial vehicle. The fire rescue device mainly comprises a vehicle carrying chassis (1), a photoelectric detection device (2), a rotating holder (3), a command and control device (4), a launching box (5), a launching barrel (6), the extinguishing unmanned aerial vehicle (7), a display and control console (8) and a microcomputer (9), and all the equipment of the fire rescue device is installed on the vehicle carrying chassis (1). The display and control console (8) controls the rotating holder (3) to rotate through the microcomputer (9), a fire disaster target is found through the photoelectric detection device (2), the microcomputer (9) binds coordinate information on the extinguishing unmanned aerial vehicle (7) and lunches the extinguishing unmanned aerial vehicle (7), and the extinguishing unmanned aerial vehicle (7) flies to the fire disaster target to extinguish a fire. According to the fire rescue device based on the unmanned aerial vehicle, the difficult problem that existing fire rescue equipment is limited in extinguishment height and can not meet requirements of fire suppression in high-rise buildings can be solved, and the fire rescue device has great economic and social benefits.

Description

A kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus, particularly a kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane.

Background technology

Height greater than 10 layers or greater than the building of 24 meters be called skyscraper, height is referred to as high-rise building greater than the building of 100 meters, high-rise and high-rise building fire attack is the difficult problem of fire-fighting domain always.Domestic and international existing fire-fighting system is because fire extinguishing is highly limited, and motor-driven deployment is difficult, and is expensive, is difficult to satisfy demand high-rise, the fire fighting of super high-rise building fire extinguishing.Equally, in case dangerous, the presence of fire of chemical storage location, conventional fire-fighting system can't be fast near the fire area, this has seriously restricted the rescue effect, utilizing unmanned plane to enter fast the hazardous location scouts, surveys, puts out a fire, rescues, can greatly reduce loss, improve rescue efficiency, gain time.

High-rise, high-rise building fire attack generally adopts elevating fire truck and fire fighting turnable ladder, and the fire extinguishing tanker that Most is high is the rich wave fire extinguishing tanker of Finland, comprising: carry chassis, lifting device, electric system.This fire extinguishing tanker lift height is 101 meters, and water is sent in a minute basic, normal, high district relay, send water height only 160 meters left and right.This fire extinguishing tanker work deployed condition is wide approximately 8 meters, 20 meters of vehicle commanders, and 4 meters of ride heights, 62 tons of total masss can't be disposed in a lot of built-up area territories and slightly narrow place, street.In addition, this fire extinguishing tanker import price is expensive, and domestic most municipal fire departments can't bear, and only has at present a few cities equipments such as Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to provide a kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane, solves the problem that highly limited, the motor-driven deployment of existing fire-fighting system fire extinguishing is difficult, be difficult to satisfy special occasions fire attack demand.

A kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane comprises: carry chassis, also comprise: photoelectric detection equipment, rotary head, charge equipment, firing box, canister launcher, fire extinguishing unmanned plane; Wherein, photoelectric detection equipment comprises: visible-light detector, infrared detector, range finder using laser, object locator, target laser designator; Charge equipment comprises: indication control board, microcomputer, coordinate bookbinding module, the fire extinguishing unmanned plane comprises: body, GPS guidance kits, laser guidance assembly, load cabin section, parachute, folding wings.

Wherein, coordinate bookbinding functions of modules is: the receiving target locator information, and be converted into gps coordinate information, be bound on fire extinguishing unmanned plane GPS guidance kits by microcomputer.

Photoelectric detection equipment is placed in the rotary head top and bearing connects; Rotary head is placed in the firing box top and screw connects; Charge equipment is connected with a year chassis operator's compartment copilot station screw; Firing box is placed in and carries on chassis and the screw connection; Canister launcher is placed in firing box and screw connects; The folding wings of fire extinguishing unmanned plane is connected with the body bearing, and during store status, folding wings is folded form and is placed in canister launcher.Visible-light detector, infrared detector, range finder using laser, object locator, target laser designator, indication control board are connected with the microcomputer cable.Coordinate bookbinding module is arranged on microcomputer, front end and screw that the laser guidance assembly is placed in body connect, be connected after the GPS guidance kits is positioned at the laser guidance assembly and with the front end screw of body, load cabin section is positioned at body middle part and screw connects, and parachute is folding to be placed in body rearmost end and to be connected by rope with body.

During this fire-fighting and rescue apparatus work, indication control board is controlled rotary head by microcomputer and is turned photoelectric detection equipment is aimed at fire location, visible-light detector, infrared detector are searched for and are surveyed high level and high-rise building fire target, and result of detection is presented on indication control board by microcomputer, determine the fire target position after dense smoke or body of wall.Range finder using laser is measured the distance of fire target, and object locator is determined target position information.Coordinate bookbinding module receiving target locator information, and be converted into gps coordinate information being bound on the unmanned plane GPS guidance kits of putting out a fire by microcomputer after change successfully, and with the pressurized air vertical launch unmanned plane of putting out a fire.Launch rear wing of fire extinguishing unmanned plane launches, on one side lead flight according to the instruction of GPS guidance kits is rough, search for target laser designator signal on one side, after the fire extinguishing unmanned plane searches target laser designator signal, fire extinguishing unmanned plane lock onto target, turn the refining flight of leading, and flying to fire target, unmanned plane clashes into fire building window glass, in the time of the window-glass fragmentation, fire extinguishing agent or other relief goods are shed in the section work of load cabin; As mission failure, the fire extinguishing unmanned plane is subjected to telecommand landing ground or releases a parachute to slow down to reclaim.

This device is implemented fire extinguishing take unmanned plane as carrier to the high-rise super high rise building in city or dangerous chemical place fire, has a fire extinguishing highly high, and precision is high, and cost is low, the advantage that the reaction time is short.Employing General Motors chassis, pressurized air vertical launch technology, have that motor-driven deployment is fast, emission is without priming system, the large characteristics of fire extinguishing unmanned plane carrying capacity, simultaneously, this fire-fighting and rescue apparatus can carry chassis and load, and all devices can be arranged on fixed-site and implement fire-fighting and rescue, is adapted at city environment and uses.

Description of drawings

A kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus schematic diagram based on unmanned plane of Fig. 1;

The operator's compartment schematic diagram of a kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane of Fig. 2;

The circuit structure diagram of a kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane of Fig. 3;

The fire extinguishing unmanned plane schematic diagram of a kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane of Fig. 4.

1. carry chassis 2. photoelectric detection equipment 3. rotary head 4. charge equipment 5. firing box 6. canister launchers 7. fire extinguishing unmanned plane 8. indication control board 9. microcomputer 10. coordinates bookbinding module 11. visible-light detector 12. infrared detector 13. range finder using laser 14. object locator 15. target laser designator 16. body 17.GPS guidance kits 18. laser guidance assembly 19. load cabin section 20. parachute 21. folding wings.

The specific embodiment

A kind of fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane comprises: carry chassis 1, also comprise: photoelectric detection equipment 2, rotary head 3, charge equipment 4, firing box 5, canister launcher 6 and fire extinguishing unmanned plane 7; Wherein, photoelectric detection equipment 2 comprises: visible-light detector 11, infrared detector 12, range finder using laser 13, object locator 14, target laser designator 15; Charge equipment 4 comprises: indication control board 8, microcomputer 9, coordinate bookbinding module 10, and fire extinguishing unmanned plane 7 comprises: body 16, GPS guidance kits 17, laser guidance assembly 18, load cabin section 19, parachute 20, folding wings 21;

Wherein, coordinate bookbinding module 10 functions are: the receiving target locator information, and be converted into gps coordinate information, be bound on fire extinguishing unmanned plane GPS guidance kits by microcomputer;

Photoelectric detection equipment 2 is placed in rotary head 3 tops and bearing connects; Rotary head 3 is placed in firing box 5 tops and screw connects; Charge equipment 4 is connected with year chassis 1 an operator's compartment copilot station screw; Firing box 5 is placed in and carries on chassis 1 and the screw connection; Canister launcher 6 is placed in firing box 5 and screw connects; The folding wings 21 of fire extinguishing unmanned plane 7 is connected with body 16 bearings, and during store status, folding wings 21 is folded form and is placed in canister launcher 6.Visible-light detector 11, infrared detector 12, range finder using laser 13, object locator 14, target laser designator 15, indication control board 8 are connected with microcomputer 9 cables.Coordinate bookbinding module 10 is arranged on microcomputer 9, front end and screw that laser guidance assembly 18 is placed in body 16 connect, GPS guidance kits 17 is positioned at laser guidance assembly 18 afterwards and is connected with the front end screw of body 16, load cabin section 19 is positioned at body 16 middle parts and screw and connects, and parachute 20 is folding to be placed in body 16 rearmost end and to be connected by rope with body 16.

During this fire-fighting and rescue apparatus work, indication control board 8 is controlled rotary head 3 by microcomputer 9 and is turned photoelectric detection equipment 2 aligning fire locations, visible-light detector 11,12 pairs of high levels of infrared detector and high-rise building fire target are searched for and are surveyed, and result of detection is presented on indication control board 8 by microcomputer 9, determine the fire target position after dense smoke or body of wall.Range finder using laser 13 is measured the distance of fire target, and object locator 14 is determined target position information.Coordinate bookbinding module 10 receiving target steady arm 14 information, and be converted into gps coordinate information being bound on the GPS guidance kits 17 of the unmanned plane 7 of putting out a fire by microcomputer 9 after change successfully, and with the pressurized air vertical launch unmanned plane 7 of putting out a fire.The fire extinguishing unmanned plane 7 rear folding wings 21 that launches is launched, lead flight according to 17 instructions of GPS guidance kits are rough on one side, Yi Bian search for target laser designator 15 signals, after fire extinguishing unmanned plane 7 searches target laser designator 15 signals, fire extinguishing unmanned plane 7 lock onto targets, turn refining and lead flight, and fly to fire target, fire extinguishing unmanned plane 7 clashes into the building window glass that catches fire, in the time of the window-glass fragmentation, fire extinguishing agent is shed in section 19 work in load cabin, completes fire extinguishing; As mission failure, fire extinguishing unmanned plane 7 is reclaimed by telecommand landing ground recovery or 20 decelerations that release a parachute.

Claims (1)

1. fire-fighting and rescue apparatus based on unmanned plane, comprise: carry chassis (1), characterized by further comprising: photoelectric detection equipment (2), rotary head (3), charge equipment (4), firing box (5), canister launcher (6) and fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7); Wherein, photoelectric detection equipment (2) comprising: visible-light detector (11), infrared detector (12), range finder using laser (13), object locator (14), target laser designator (15); Charge equipment (4), comprise: indication control board (8), microcomputer (9), coordinate bookbinding module (10), fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) comprising: body (16), GPS guidance kits (17), laser guidance assembly (18), load cabin section (19), parachute (20), folding wings (21);
Wherein, coordinate bookbinding module (10) function is: receiving target steady arm (14) information, and be converted into gps coordinate information, be bound on fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) GPS guidance kits (17) by microcomputer (9);
Photoelectric detection equipment (2) is placed in rotary head (3) top and bearing connects; Rotary head (3) is placed in firing box (5) top and screw connects; Charge equipment (4) is connected with year chassis (a 1) operator's compartment copilot station screw; Firing box (5) is placed in and carries the connection of the upper also screw of chassis (1); Canister launcher (6) is placed in firing box (5) and screw connects; The folding wings (21) of fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) is connected with body (16) bearing, and folding wings during store status (21) is folded form and is placed in canister launcher (6); Visible-light detector (11), infrared detector (12), range finder using laser (13), object locator (14), target laser designator (15), indication control board (8) are connected with microcomputer (9) cable; Coordinate bookbinding module (10) is arranged on microcomputer (9), front end and screw that laser guidance assembly (18) is placed in body (16) connect, GPS guidance kits (17) is positioned at laser guidance assembly (18) afterwards and is connected with the front end screw of body (16), load cabin section (19) is positioned at body (16) middle part and screw connects, and parachute (20) is folding to be placed on the middle rearmost end of body (16) and to be connected by rope with body (16);
During this fire-fighting and rescue apparatus work, indication control board (8) is controlled rotary head (3) by microcomputer (9) and is turned photoelectric detection equipment (2) aligning fire location, visible-light detector (11), infrared detector (12) are searched for and are surveyed high-rise and high-rise building fire target, and result of detection is presented on indication control board (8) by microcomputer (9), determine the fire target position after dense smoke or body of wall; Range finder using laser (13) is measured the distance of fire target, and object locator (14) is determined target position information; Coordinate bookbinding module (10) receiving target steady arm (14) information, and be converted into gps coordinate information, being bound on the GPS guidance kits (17) of fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) by microcomputer (9) after changing successfully, and with the pressurized air vertical launch unmanned plane (7) of putting out a fire; Fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) the rear folding wings (21) that launches is launched, on one side lead flight according to GPS guidance kits (17) instruction is rough, search for target laser designator (15) signal on one side, after fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) searches target laser designator (15) signal, fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) lock onto target, turn the refining flight of leading, and fly to fire target, fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) clashes into the building window glass that catches fire, in the time of the window-glass fragmentation, fire extinguishing agent is shed in load cabin section (19) work, completes fire extinguishing; As mission failure, fire extinguishing unmanned plane (7) is reclaimed by telecommand landing ground recovery or (20) deceleration that releases a parachute.
CN2013100771917A 2013-03-12 2013-03-12 Fire rescue device based on unmanned aerial vehicle CN103112385A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103958004A (en) * 2013-07-16 2014-07-30 北京机械设备研究所 Fire fighting truck suitable for high-rise and super high-rise building fire fighting
CN104027909A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-10 江苏数字鹰科技发展有限公司 Police fire-fighting unmanned aerial vehicle for high-rise building
WO2015006917A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 北京机械设备研究所 Control system of a fire truck for high-rise and super high-rise building firefighting
CN105645485A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 浙江中恒资产管理有限公司 Intelligent water purification system
CN107050725A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-18 成都谍翼科技有限公司 Unmanned plane fire-fighting method and device
US9776027B2 (en) 2012-08-02 2017-10-03 Beijing Mechanical Equipment Institute Unidirectional, sprinkler-type, antipersonnel-fragmentation-free fire-extinguishing bomb
CN108241349A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-03 梁晓龙 Fire-fighting unmanned plane group system and fire-fighting method

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CN1597019A (en) * 2004-07-19 2005-03-23 大连理工大学 Fire extinguishing isolation bullet for forest having GPS guidance
CN101976078A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-02-16 清华大学 Unmanned helicopter automatic landing method based on laser guidance
CN102580278A (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-07-18 北京机械设备研究所 Fire protection device suitable for high-rise and ultrahigh-rise building fire hazard fighting
CN102785778A (en) * 2012-07-17 2012-11-21 王�华 Tubular transmitting fire-extinguishing unmanned plane and fire-extinguishing control methods

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1597019A (en) * 2004-07-19 2005-03-23 大连理工大学 Fire extinguishing isolation bullet for forest having GPS guidance
CN101976078A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-02-16 清华大学 Unmanned helicopter automatic landing method based on laser guidance
CN102580278A (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-07-18 北京机械设备研究所 Fire protection device suitable for high-rise and ultrahigh-rise building fire hazard fighting
CN102785778A (en) * 2012-07-17 2012-11-21 王�华 Tubular transmitting fire-extinguishing unmanned plane and fire-extinguishing control methods

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9776027B2 (en) 2012-08-02 2017-10-03 Beijing Mechanical Equipment Institute Unidirectional, sprinkler-type, antipersonnel-fragmentation-free fire-extinguishing bomb
CN103958004A (en) * 2013-07-16 2014-07-30 北京机械设备研究所 Fire fighting truck suitable for high-rise and super high-rise building fire fighting
WO2015006917A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 北京机械设备研究所 Control system of a fire truck for high-rise and super high-rise building firefighting
WO2015006915A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 北京机械设备研究所 Fire engine suitable for fire-fighting in high-rise and super high-rise buildings
CN103958004B (en) * 2013-07-16 2016-01-13 北京机械设备研究所 Be applicable to fire fighting truck that is high-rise and high-rise building fire attack
CN104027909A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-10 江苏数字鹰科技发展有限公司 Police fire-fighting unmanned aerial vehicle for high-rise building
CN105645485A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 浙江中恒资产管理有限公司 Intelligent water purification system
CN107050725A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-18 成都谍翼科技有限公司 Unmanned plane fire-fighting method and device
CN108241349A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-03 梁晓龙 Fire-fighting unmanned plane group system and fire-fighting method

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Application publication date: 20130522

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