CN102948409B - Hydraulic self-propelled cotton field high-gap pesticide spray vehicle - Google Patents

Hydraulic self-propelled cotton field high-gap pesticide spray vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102948409B
CN102948409B CN201210463329.2A CN201210463329A CN102948409B CN 102948409 B CN102948409 B CN 102948409B CN 201210463329 A CN201210463329 A CN 201210463329A CN 102948409 B CN102948409 B CN 102948409B
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
hydraulic oil
spray
belt pulley
communicated
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210463329.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102948409A (en
Inventor
史高川
石跃进
杨苏龙
张一白
张战备
段国琪
张惠杰
史俊东
席凯鹏
张卫民
许爱玲
齐红立
杨印斌
王丹
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Cotton Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Cotton Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201210463329.2A priority Critical patent/CN102948409B/en
Publication of CN102948409A publication Critical patent/CN102948409A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102948409B publication Critical patent/CN102948409B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention specifically discloses a hydraulic self-propelled cotton field high-gap pesticide spray vehicle, which solves the problems of time and labor waste and poor pesticide spray effect existing in the conventional pesticide spray using a handheld spray rod. A front driving wheel and a rear steering wheel are arranged below a rack; a hydraulic oil pump, a diesel engine, a triple pump and a pesticide solution box are arranged above the rack; output ends of the hydraulic oil pump, the diesel engine and the triple pump are correspondingly connected with a belt pulley I, a belt pulley II and a belt pulley III; a hydraulic distributor, an operating rod, a steering gear box and a hydraulic oil tank are arranged around the hydraulic oil pump; a hydraulic motor is arranged below the front side of the bracket; a steering oil cylinder is arranged on the rear side of the rack; pesticide spray arms are arranged in the lower space around the rack and are fixedly provided with a plurality of spray heads; the hydraulic oil pump and the hydraulic distributor are communicated with the hydraulic motor in sequence; the hydraulic oil pump, the steering gear box and the steering oil cylinder are communicated in sequence; the triple pump is communicated with the pesticide solution box; and a pesticide outlet pipe of the triple pump is communicated with the spray heads. The hydraulic self-propelled cotton field high-gap pesticide spray vehicle has the advantages of simple and compact structure, convenience in operation and low cost.

Description

Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field high-clearance pesticide spray truck
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural chemical spraying car, be specially a kind of Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field high-clearance pesticide spray truck.
Background technology
In the management of cotton field, for preventing damage by disease and insect from occurring, ensureing cotton normal growth, needing to spray insecticide.Cotton for current China rural area kind, young prime of life labour Out-migrant for work, stay-at-home peasant are older, and artificial mark spraying medicine still adopts bears medicine-chest, and hand-held spray bars is sprayed, inconvenient operation, take a lot of work, time-consuming, cost is high, spray drug effect benefit is low.The general chassis of existing farm machinery is low, wheelspan is fixed or is adjusted limited, cotton late growth stage is subject to the impact of cotton plant height and line-spacing, after machinery enters cotton field, in driving process, cotton plant by wheel and chassis scratch, scratch, overwhelm, cause destructive influences to cotton plant, only have and carried out field spray medicine by manually bearing the operation of spray medicine.
Summary of the invention
The present invention adopts hand-held spray bars sprinkling existence to waste time and energy and the problem of effect of spraying pesticide difference to solve existing spray medicine, provides a kind of Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field high-clearance pesticide spray truck.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize: Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field high-clearance pesticide spray truck, comprises frame, and the front driving wheel that below frame, the left and right sides distributes before and after being provided with and rear steering wheel, be disposed with hydraulic oil pump above frame from front to back, diesel engine, treble pump and spray tank, hydraulic oil pump, diesel engine, the output correspondence of treble pump is connected with belt pulley I, belt pulley II, belt pulley III, between belt pulley I and belt pulley II, all be wound with belt between belt pulley II and belt pulley III, around hydraulic oil pump, be provided with pressure distributor, control stick, steering wheel and the hydraulic oil container be communicated with hydraulic oil pump, on front side of support, below is provided with the hydraulic motor of transmission front driving wheel, and on rear side of frame, below is provided with the steering cylinder driving rear steering wheel, and around frame, there is spray medicine arm below, spray medicine arm is fixed with some shower nozzles, hydraulic oil pump, pressure distributor and hydraulic motor are communicated with successively, hydraulic oil pump, steering wheel and steering cylinder are communicated with successively, the drug-feeding tube of treble pump, return duct is communicated with spray tank, and the drug discharging tube of treble pump is communicated with shower nozzle.
During operation, diesel engine drives belt pulley II to rotate, and belt pulley II drives belt pulley I, hydraulic oil pump work, thus the oil in hydraulic oil container is exported to hydraulic motor through pressure distributor, and hydraulic motor drives front driving wheel walking by chain drive; The while of with it, diesel engine drives belt pulley II to rotate, and drives belt pulley I, hydraulic oil pump work, exports the oil in hydraulic oil container to steering cylinder through steering wheel, and steering cylinder promotion rear steering is taken turns and turned to; Diesel engine drive belt pulley II rotates, and drives belt pulley III, treble pump work, and the liquid in spray tank through drug discharging tube, shower nozzle ejection, is overcome existing spray medicine and adopts hand-held spray bars sprinkling existence to waste time and energy and the problem of effect of spraying pesticide difference by treble pump.
The left and right sides and the rear side of frame are all fixed with hook, and be provided with below frame front outer thick arm pipe and with link up with the rear outer thick arm pipe be connected on rear side of frame, before the left and right sides of outer thick arm pipe all overlap have is connected with front driving wheel before interior thick arm pipe, the rear interior thick arm pipe having and take turns with rear steering and be connected all is overlapped in the left and right sides of rear outer thick arm pipe, and front interior thick arm pipe is connected with rear interior thick arm Guan Shangjun the hydraulic jack be communicated with steering wheel.
During wheelspan adjustment, diesel engine drives belt pulley II to rotate, thus drive belt pulley I, hydraulic oil pump work, hydraulic jack is exported to through pressure distributor, hydraulic jack drives forward and backward interior thick arm pipe at forward and backward outer thick arm inner telescoping tube, realizes between front driving wheel, the adjustment of spacing between rear steering wheel.
Spray medicine arm is made by some joint spray medicine arm bodies are hinged, and the two ends of spray medicine arm are connected with the hook of the frame left and right sides; The front end of frame is provided with fairlead, and fairlead inner sleeve has the guide post fixing with spray medicine arm, and the outside of fairlead is screwed with clamping screw.
Ground and the height of spray medicine arm, regulate the height of guide post to realize by clamping screw.
The vertical range on frame and ground is more than or equal to 100cm, and the distance between front driving wheel, between rear steering wheel is 40cm.
Reasonable in design of the present invention is reliable, wheelspan and height can regulate according to the line-spacing of cotton field plantation row, ensure that wheel and chassis can not scratch, scratch cotton plant, improve operating efficiency while time saving and energy saving, there is advantage simple and compact for structure, easy to operate and with low cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the elevational schematic view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation spraying medicine arm place in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation at rear steering wheel place in Fig. 1.
In figure: 1-frame, 2-front driving wheel, 3-rear steering is taken turns, 4-hydraulic oil pump, 5-diesel engine, 6-treble pump, 7-spray tank, 8-belt pulley I, 9-belt pulley II, 10-belt pulley III, 11-belt, 12-pressure distributor, 13-control stick, 14-steering wheel, 15-hydraulic oil container, 16-hydraulic motor, 17-steering cylinder, 18-sprays medicine arm, 19-shower nozzle, 20-links up with, outer thick arm pipe before 21-, outer thick arm pipe after 22-, thick arm pipe in before 23-, thick arm pipe in after 24-, 25-hydraulic jack, 26-fairlead, 27-guide post, 28-clamping screw, 29-driver's cabin, 30-seat.
Embodiment
Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field high-clearance pesticide spray truck, comprises frame 1, and the front driving wheel 2 that below frame 1, the left and right sides distributes before and after being provided with and rear steering wheel 3, be disposed with hydraulic oil pump 4 above frame 1 from front to back, diesel engine 5, treble pump 6 and spray tank 7, hydraulic oil pump 4, diesel engine 5, the output correspondence of treble pump 6 is connected with belt pulley I8, belt pulley II9, belt pulley III10, between belt pulley I8 and belt pulley II9, all be wound with belt 11 between belt pulley II9 and belt pulley III10, around hydraulic oil pump 4, be provided with pressure distributor 12, control stick 13, steering wheel 14 and the hydraulic oil container 15 be communicated with hydraulic oil pump 4, on front side of support 1, below is provided with the hydraulic motor 16 of transmission front driving wheel 2, on rear side of frame 1, below is provided with the steering cylinder 17 driving rear steering wheel 3, spray medicine arm 18 is had below frame 1 surrounding, spray medicine arm 18 is fixed with some shower nozzles 19, hydraulic oil pump 4, pressure distributor 12 and hydraulic motor 16 are communicated with successively, hydraulic oil pump 4, steering wheel 14 and steering cylinder 17 are communicated with successively, the drug-feeding tube of treble pump 6, return duct is communicated with spray tank 7, and the drug discharging tube of treble pump 6 is communicated with shower nozzle 19.
The left and right sides of frame 1 and rear side are all fixed with hook 20, and be provided with below frame 1 front outer thick arm pipe 21 and with link up with the 20 rear outer thick arm pipes 22 be connected on rear side of frame 1, before the left and right sides of outer thick arm pipe 21 all overlap have is connected with front driving wheel 2 before interior thick arm pipe 23, the left and right sides of rear outer thick arm pipe 22 is all overlapped to have and is taken turns the 3 rear interior thick arm pipes 24 be connected with rear steering, and front interior thick arm pipe 23 is all connected with on rear interior thick arm pipe 24 hydraulic jack 25 be communicated with steering wheel 14; Spray medicine arm 18 is made by some joint spray medicine arm bodies are hinged, and the two ends of spray medicine arm 18 are connected with the hook 20 of frame 1 left and right sides; The front end of frame 1 is provided with fairlead 26, and fairlead 26 inner sleeve has the guide post 27 fixing with spray medicine arm 18, and the outside of fairlead 26 is screwed with clamping screw 28; Frame 1 is more than or equal to 100cm with the vertical range on ground, and the distance between front driving wheel 2, between rear steering wheel 3 is 40cm.
In specific implementation process, frame 1 is provided with driver's cabin 29 and seat 30.

Claims (5)

1. a Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field high-clearance pesticide spray truck, it is characterized in that: comprise frame (1), the front driving wheel (2) of distribution before and after the left and right sides, frame (1) below is provided with and rear steering wheel (3), frame (1) top is disposed with hydraulic oil pump (4) from front to back, diesel engine (5), treble pump (6) and spray tank (7), hydraulic oil pump (4), diesel engine (5), the output correspondence of treble pump (6) is connected with belt pulley I(8), belt pulley II(9), belt pulley III(10), belt pulley I(8) and belt pulley II(9) between, belt pulley II(9) and belt pulley III(10) between be all wound with belt (11), hydraulic oil pump (4) is provided with pressure distributor (12) around, control stick (13), steering wheel (14) and the hydraulic oil container (15) be communicated with hydraulic oil pump (4), below, frame (1) front side is provided with the hydraulic motor (16) of transmission front driving wheel (2), frame (1) rear side below is provided with the steering cylinder (17) driving rear steering wheel (3), frame (1) around below has spray medicine arm (18), spray medicine arm (18) is fixed with some shower nozzles (19), hydraulic oil pump (4), pressure distributor (12) and hydraulic motor (16) are communicated with successively, hydraulic oil pump (4), steering wheel (14) and steering cylinder (17) are communicated with successively, the drug-feeding tube of treble pump (6), return duct is communicated with spray tank (7), the drug discharging tube of treble pump (6) is communicated with shower nozzle (19), in frame, (1) is provided with driver's cabin (29) and seat (30).
2. Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field according to claim 1 high-clearance pesticide spray truck, it is characterized in that: the left and right sides of frame (1) and rear side are all fixed with hook (20), and frame (1) below be provided with front outer thick arm pipe (21) and with the rear outer thick arm pipe (22) linked up with (20) on rear side of frame (1) and be connected, the front interior thick arm pipe (23) having and be connected with front driving wheel (2) is all overlapped in the left and right sides of front outer thick arm pipe (21), the rear interior thick arm pipe (24) having and to take turns (3) with rear steering and be connected all is overlapped in the left and right sides of rear outer thick arm pipe (22), in front, thick arm pipe (23) is all connected with on rear interior thick arm pipe (24) hydraulic jack (25) be communicated with steering wheel (14).
3. Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field according to claim 1 and 2 high-clearance pesticide spray truck, it is characterized in that: spray medicine arm (18) is made by some joint spray medicine arm bodies are hinged, and the two ends of spray medicine arm (18) are connected with the hook (20) of frame (1) left and right sides; The front end of frame (1) is provided with fairlead (26), and fairlead (26) inner sleeve has the guide post (27) fixing with spray medicine arm (18), and the outside of fairlead (26) is screwed with clamping screw (28).
4. Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field according to claim 1 and 2 high-clearance pesticide spray truck, is characterized in that: frame (1) is more than or equal to 100cm with the vertical range on ground, and the distance between front driving wheel (2), between rear steering wheel (3) is 40cm.
5. Hydraumatic self-propelled cotton field according to claim 3 high-clearance pesticide spray truck, is characterized in that: frame (1) is more than or equal to 100cm with the vertical range on ground, and the distance between front driving wheel (2), between rear steering wheel (3) is 40cm.
CN201210463329.2A 2012-11-17 2012-11-17 Hydraulic self-propelled cotton field high-gap pesticide spray vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN102948409B (en)

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CN102948409B true CN102948409B (en) 2015-02-25

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CN104838750A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-19 黑龙江卓沃机械科技有限公司 Three-wheel agricultural cultivation machine

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CN103636583B (en) * 2013-12-10 2015-07-29 舞钢市星河机械制造有限责任公司 Orchard vehicle-mounted sprayer
CN104149848B (en) * 2014-08-01 2016-04-27 王海燕 Be provided with a height crops four-wheel pesticide spray truck of profiling steering hardware
CN106134547B (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-02-02 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Loosen the soil spraying machine in a kind of crawler belt orchard
CN106211826B (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-05-01 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of orchard is remotely controlled fertilization pesticide spraying machine

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