CN102801773A - Internet of things system and acquisition and monitoring method for article information - Google Patents

Internet of things system and acquisition and monitoring method for article information Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102801773A
CN102801773A CN2012100620950A CN201210062095A CN102801773A CN 102801773 A CN102801773 A CN 102801773A CN 2012100620950 A CN2012100620950 A CN 2012100620950A CN 201210062095 A CN201210062095 A CN 201210062095A CN 102801773 A CN102801773 A CN 102801773A
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internet
things
equipment
service
module
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CN2012100620950A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102801773B (en
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欧书云
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无锡互惠信息技术有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses an Internet of things system and an acquisition and monitoring method for article information. The system comprises perception guiding equipment, a sub-network gateway, service layer equipment and view layer equipment, wherein the perception guiding layer equipment is used for controlling a monitored object of the Internet of things according to an instruction, acquiring data information and uploading the data information to the sub-network gateway; the sub-network gateway is used for processing the instruction, and performing the interaction of the data information interaction through a network and the service layer equipment; the service layer equipment is used for processing the instruction and the data information according to the service type of Internet of things application and preset configuration, and transmitting the processed data information to the view layer equipment; and the view layer equipment is used for requesting data to the service layer equipment and receiving the data of a service layer for display. By the system and the method, network Internet of things application and the Internet of things application of other industries can be extended.

Description

Internet of things system and Item Information obtain and method for supervising
Technical field
The present invention relates to technology of Internet of things, relate in particular to Internet of things system and Item Information and obtain and method for supervising.
Background technology
1999, MIT Auto-ID center proposed an application system solution that combines article code, RFID and Internet technology the earliest.This scheme is on the basis of computer internet; Utilize REID, wireless data communication technology etc.; Constructed a Internet in kind " Ihternet of things " (abbreviation Internet of Things) of realizing global Item Information Real-Time Sharing; 2003, U.S.'s " technology review " proposed first of the ten big technology that sensor-based network technology will be the following people of change life.2005, International Telecommunications Union's issue " ITU the Internet report 2005: Internet of Things " was set forth the notion of " Internet of Things " again in conjunction with sensing net and RFID.Therefore variation has taken place in the definition of Internet of Things and scope, and coverage has had bigger expansion, no longer only is meant based on the Internet of Things of RFID technology, also will comprise sensor technology, nanometer technology, intelligent embedded technology etc.
In January, 2009, IBM proposed " the wisdom earth " this notion first.IBM thinks; The task of IT industry next stage is fully to be used in IT technology of new generation among all trades and professions; Specifically; Embed inductor and be provided in the various objects such as electrical network, railway, bridge, tunnel, highway, building, water system, dam, oil and gas pipes exactly, and generally connected, form Internet of Things.Under the facilitating of IBM, Internet of Things is classified as one of two big key industries of revitalizing America's economy.
In August, 2009, Premier Wen Jiabao was when inspecting Wuxi Internet of Things industrial research institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, proposed " perception China ", and Internet of Things is formally classified as one of country's five big emerging strategic industries.Internet of Things " 12 " planning becomes the important composition portion of " 12 " planning.To lock Internet of Things ten big emphasis applications: intelligent grid, intelligent transportation, intelligent logistics, Smart Home, environment and safety detection, industry and automation control, medical treatment & health, meticulous farming and animal husbandry, finance and service trade, national defense and military.Expect " the 12 " end of term, China's Internet of Things related industry scale will reach more than 5,000 hundred million.
Internet of Things is " the Internet that the thing thing links to each other "; With ubiquitous end-equipment and facility; Comprise and possessing transducer, portable terminal, industrial system, building control system, home intelligent facility, video monitoring system etc. and " intelligent object or animal " or " SMART DUSTs " such as the sundry assets that sticks RFID of " external enabling ", the individual who carries wireless terminal and vehicle of " inherent intelligence "; Realize interconnecting (M2M), use integrated greatly and based on the SaaS of the cloud computing isotype of operating through various Wireless/wired long distance/short distance communication networks; Management and service functions such as the controlled and even personalized real time on-line monitoring of safety, location are reviewed, alarm linkage, dispatch control, program management, Long-distance Control, safety precaution, long-range repair and maintenance, online upgrading, statistical report form, decision support, leader's desktop are provided, realize " pipe, control, the battalion " of " efficient, energy-conservation, safety, environmental protection " of " all things on earth " integrated.
The technology of Internet of things system mainly comprises perception extended layer technology, network layer is technological, application layer is technological and general character support technology System Framework.Make up a ubiquitous Internet of Things application and must consider this several sections.At present, each independently economy all attempt to utilize the technical standard construction networked system of this country one after another in order to protect the economic interests of oneself.The at present more influential EPC standard that the U.S. arranged, Japanese UID standard, iso standard etc.Each standard all has laying particular stress on of oneself, and EPC mainly biases toward the structure of whole Internet of things system, and UID biases toward the containing of various ubiquitous objects and simple single system are realized that ISO biases toward air interface, hardware and chip level.
In each item Internet of Things standard, with regard to system-level, EPC is the most perfect beyond doubt.The target of EPC be made up one in real time, accurately, Internet of things system that can be mutual, be a lot of late comers' model.EPC is that the U.S. is the Internet of Things standard of representative, and its application characteristic to logistic industry has determined the huge and science of its system architecture.The EPC system comprises electronic tag, coding, ONS, EPCIS etc.It is information server---the IP of EPCIS that unique identity, the ONS of article can locate the pairing thing of certain concrete EPC label that electronic tag can be exactly at the EPC of label stored coding attached to contactless identification on the object, coding.Then find all EPCIS of certain thing and the information of extractions needs therefrom through enterprise application.
Can find out that from above-mentioned expression EPC can accurately search information, but how to guarantee that these information are up-to-date, how guarantee to remove alternately further the inquiry, extract more valuable information.Answer is just at middleware, and the standardization effort of some row of doing around middleware.
The EPC middleware is the nervous system of Internet of Things, is the framework of the general management EPC data of a kind of enterprise.It can be installed in shop, local home-delivery center, and regional even national data center is to realize catching, monitoring and transmitting data.This distributed frame can be simplified the management of Internet of Things, improves operational efficiency.EPC is distributed in hardware resource from all parts of the world through middleware control, thereby can read and write the information of each article in any time, any place as required.Really accomplish real-time, interactive.Certainly, the effect that EPC wants to reach desirable also has a lot of work to do, such as safety problem, and the supporting software and the standardization of hardware product.How to make up Internet of things system platform process of the present invention, the system of EPC is to be worth very much reference.Other standards are compared with it, and its maximum defective lacks the intermediate layer exactly, have generally only described making up single single system, are difficult to make up real Internet of Things.
The framework of EPC makes up for logistics system at the beginning, on the logistics system ground foundation, can expand to every field then.This exactly explains to have only system architecture not enough, also needs one the most typical one to use, and is applied as the basis with this then, makes up other application.Equally; The presenter of " the wisdom earth "---IBM also has the system platform of himself the most; And on this system platform, expanded plurality of applications; These application comprise the every field of the wisdom earth of its proposition, like medical treatment, electric power, city or the like, form the main body of its leading wisdom earth.
Thus, need the high and Internet of things system that is easy to set up of flexibility badly with Item Information obtains and method for supervising is that various Internet of Things application provides support.
Summary of the invention
The Internet of things system that the object of the present invention is to provide can flexible networking, be easy to set up.The system that makes has higher fail safe, stability, reliability and autgmentability.
The invention discloses a kind of Internet of things system, it is characterized in that comprising perception guide layer equipment, subnet gateway, service layer's equipment and view layer equipment;
Said perception guide layer equipment is used for uploading to subnet gateway according to commands for controlling Internet of Things monitoring article and after obtaining data message;
Said subnet gateway is used for processing instruction and passes through network and the mutual said instruction and data information of said service layer equipment;
The type of service that said service layer equipment is used for using according to Internet of Things sends the data message after handling to said view layer equipment by predetermined configurations processing instruction and data message;
Said view layer equipment and user interactions are used for to said service layer device request data and receive service layer's data showing.
Preferably; Said Internet of things system also comprises passive RFID tags; Said perception guide layer equipment is the passive RFID read write line, and said passive RFID read write line is used for reading said passive RFID tags information to obtain the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article according to the instruction that the instruction of subnet gateway real time down or service layer's equipment issue via subnet gateway.
Preferably; Said Internet of things system also comprises access layer equipment; Said access layer equipment is connected between said perception guide layer equipment and the said subnet gateway through communication interface, is used between subnet gateway and perception guide layer equipment, transmitting the instruction and data information of said Internet of Things monitoring article.
Preferably; Said access layer equipment is a controller; Said Internet of things system also comprises passive RFID tags; Said perception guide layer equipment is passive RFID read write line or smart machine; Said passive RFID read write line is used for obtaining the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article through reading said passive RFID tags information, and said smart machine is uploaded self-operating information through communication interface as the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article, and said controller is used for controlling read write line in real time or smart machine is collected said data message; And with being uploaded to subnet gateway after the said processing data information, said subnet gateway also can directly be controlled read write line or the said data message of smart machine real-time collecting.
Preferably; Said subnet gateway is uploaded to service layer's equipment with said data message, and the data message after said service layer equipment will be handled directly is pushed to data message after said view layer equipment maybe will be handled and returns to said subnet gateway and be pushed to the view layer equipment through network and subnet gateway direct communication by said subnet gateway again.
Preferably, the user is through operate indication with said view layer equipment alternately, and said view layer equipment directly or through said service layer equipment issues director data to said subnet gateway;
Said subnet gateway is controlled the data message that said controller is collected said passive RFID read write line read write line/smart machine according to said director data, and the said data message of being gathered directly or via said service layer equipment is pushed to the demonstration of view layer equipment.
Preferably, said passive RFID read write line comprises module for reading and writing, array antenna, transducer, indicator light and sound device.
Preferably; Said perception guide layer equipment is active RFID tag or the smart machine of supporting radio function; Said access layer equipment is a radio network gateway, and the smart machine of said active RFID tag or support radio function reports said Internet of Things to monitor the data message of article with wireless mode to said radio network gateway via the instruction that subnet gateway issues according to instruction or service layer's equipment of subnet gateway real time down.
Preferably, said radio network gateway is used for controlling in real time said active RFID tag or supports the smart machine of radio function to collect said data message, and with being uploaded to subnet gateway after the said processing data information.
Preferably; Said subnet gateway is uploaded to service layer's equipment with said data message, and the data message after said service layer equipment will be handled directly is pushed to data message after said view layer equipment maybe will be handled and returns to said subnet gateway and be pushed to the view layer equipment through network and subnet gateway direct communication by said subnet gateway again.
Preferably, the user operates indication alternately through said view layer equipment, and said view layer equipment directly or through said service layer equipment issues director data to said subnet gateway;
Said subnet gateway is controlled the data message that said radio network gateway is collected said active RFID tag or supported the smart machine of radio function according to said director data, and the said data message of being gathered directly or via said service layer equipment is pushed to the demonstration of view layer equipment.
Preferably, said service layer equipment comprises interface module, data platform and kernel;
Said interface module is used to provide the communication interface for various view layer equipment, subnet gateway;
Said data platform is used for the data message of said Internet of Things monitoring article is carried out special data processing and storage;
The data message that the type of service that said kernel is used for using according to Internet of Things is monitored article by predetermined configurations to said Internet of Things carries out business logic processing.
Preferably, said data platform comprises relational data processing module, spatial data processing module, vector data processing module and document processing module;
Said relation data processing module is used for utilizing relational database that the relation data service is provided according to service logic;
Said spatial data processing module is used for requiring spatial object is analyzed and handled according to service logic;
Said vector data processing module is used for storage and processing vector data;
Said document processing module is used for storage and handles file.
Preferably, said kernel comprises business function module, bus service module, networking service module, security service module, messenger service module and system service module;
Wherein, said business function module is used to different Internet of Things and is set up business datum, the logic of managing business, loaded with traffic interface, resolves service order, hardware parameter is set;
Said networking service module is used for subnet gateway that is connected to said service layer equipment or portable terminal are carried out networking;
Said security service module is used to carry out the safety of internal information, storage, data communication and monitors and be used to carry out the identification and the authentication of hardware device;
Said messenger service module is used for data message that is transferred to other layer equipment or director data are encapsulated or resolve;
Said system service module is used for the configuration information of saved system;
Said bus service module is used for the data interaction of carrying out between said service layer each parts of device interior.
Preferably, said subnet gateway is mobile subnetwork gateway or fixing subnet gateway, and said mobile subnetwork gateway carries out information transmit-receive through the mobile network, and said fixedly subnet gateway carries out information transmit-receive through the Internet or local area network (LAN).
Preferably, said fixedly subnet gateway comprises Access Layer unit, core layer unit and network layer units;
Said Access Layer unit is used for providing the communications of Mobile Terminals interface to service layer's equipment and view layer equipment;
Said core layer unit is used for handling and transmit from the director data of service layer's equipment from access layer equipment or direct data message from the perception guide layer;
Said network layer units is used to provide network communication interface and the data filter service to access layer equipment or perception guide layer equipment.
Said mobile subnetwork gateway comprises services request module, system function module and network communication module;
Said services request module is directly from service layer's device request service, and acceptance pushes the information of coming from service layer;
Said system function module encapsulates, resolves, distributes and carry out and handle Various types of data information to director data;
Said network communication module is used for communicating with the bottom hardware that is linked into subnet gateway.
Preferably, said view layer equipment comprises: directly with subnet gateway communicate by letter first portable terminal that is connected, second portable terminal that is connected with the service layer devices communicating, be with the computer of standard web browser or possess the third party device of demonstration and interactive function.
Preferably; Said system is through installing active RFID or passive RFID or being thereby that smart machine makes up and obtains the network Internet of Things with equipment disposition to Internet Service Provider's circuit, equipment, rack, machine room and building environment equipment; On this basis need are carried out the professional related hardware device configuration active RFID of the different industries of Internet of Things management or passive RFID or be to become said network Internet of Things management object as a network terminal node after smart machine makes the professional related hardware device of said different industries insert said Internet Service Provider's network equipment disposition; While said service layer equipment can be expanded installation and be directed against the business datum of the business logic processing module of different business with the professional related hardware device of treatment industry, thereby realizes the expansion of business.
Preferably, said business logic processing module comprises: intelligent grid module, intelligent transportation module, intelligent logistics module, Smart Home module, environment and safety detection module, industry and automation control module, medical treatment & health module, meticulous farming and animal husbandry module, finance and service trade module, national defense and military module.
The invention also discloses a kind of Item Information and obtain and method for supervising, comprising based on Internet of things system:
Perception guide layer equipment is controlled and is obtained Internet of Things monitoring article according to instruction and uploads to subnet gateway after Internet of Things is monitored the data message of article;
Subnet gateway passes through network to the said data message of said service layer device forwards;
Service layer's device processes is instructed and is pressed predetermined configurations deal with data information according to the type of service that Internet of Things is used, and sends the data message after handling to view layer equipment;
View layer equipment receives service layer's data and shows.
Preferably, said perception guide layer equipment uploads to subnet gateway according to instruction to the control of Internet of Things monitoring article and after obtaining the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article:
Data message that Internet of Things monitor article controlled and obtained to perception guide layer equipment via the instruction that subnet gateway issues to Internet of Things monitoring article according to instruction or service layer's equipment of subnet gateway real time down:
Said perception guide layer equipment is transmitted the data message that said Internet of Things is monitored article through the access layer equipment that is connected between said perception guide layer equipment and the said subnet pass to subnet gateway.
Preferably, said access layer equipment is a controller, and said Internet of things system also comprises passive RFID tags, and said perception guide layer equipment is passive RFID read write line or smart machine;
Said perception guide layer equipment obtains the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article and uploads to subnet gateway and comprises: said passive RFID read write line obtains the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article via the instruction that subnet gateway issues through reading said passive RFID tags information according to instruction or service layer's equipment of subnet gateway real time down; Said smart machine is uploaded self-operating information through communication interface as the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article; Read write line controlled in real time by said controller or smart machine is collected said data message; And with being uploaded to subnet gateway after the said processing data information, said subnet gateway also can directly be controlled read write line or the said data message of smart machine real-time collecting.
Preferably, the data message after said service layer equipment will be handled sends view layer equipment to and comprises:
Data message after said service layer equipment will be handled directly is pushed to data message after said view layer equipment maybe will be handled and returns to said subnet gateway and be pushed to the view layer equipment through network and subnet gateway direct communication by said subnet gateway again.
Preferably, the said method step first step also comprised in the past: the user operates indication alternately through said view layer equipment, and said view layer equipment directly or through said service layer equipment issues director data to said subnet gateway;
Said subnet gateway is controlled the data message that said controller is collected said passive RFID read write line read write line/smart machine according to said director data.
Preferably; Said perception guide layer equipment is active RFID tag or the smart machine of supporting radio function; Said access layer equipment is a radio network gateway; The smart machine of said active RFID tag or support radio function reports said Internet of Things to monitor the data message of article with wireless mode to said radio network gateway via the instruction that subnet gateway issues according to instruction or service layer's equipment of subnet gateway real time down; Said radio network gateway is used for controlling in real time said active RFID tag or supports the smart machine of radio function to collect said data message, and with being uploaded to subnet gateway after the said processing data information.
Preferably; Said subnet gateway is uploaded to service layer's equipment with said data message, and the data message after said service layer equipment will be handled directly is pushed to data message after said view layer equipment maybe will be handled and returns to said subnet gateway and be pushed to the view layer equipment through network and subnet gateway direct communication by said subnet gateway again.
Preferably, the user operates indication alternately through said view layer equipment, and said view layer equipment directly or through said service layer equipment issues director data to said subnet gateway;
Said subnet gateway is controlled the data message that said radio network gateway is collected said active RFID tag or supported the smart machine label of radio function according to said director data, and the said data message of being gathered directly or via said service layer equipment is pushed to the demonstration of view layer equipment.
Preferably; Said system is through installing active RFID or passive RFID or being thereby that smart machine makes up and obtains the network Internet of Things with equipment disposition to Internet Service Provider's circuit, equipment, rack, machine room and building environment equipment; On this basis need are carried out the professional related hardware device configuration active RFID of the different industries of Internet of Things management or passive RFID or be to become said network Internet of Things management object as a network terminal node after smart machine makes the professional related hardware device of said different industries insert said Internet Service Provider's network equipment disposition; While said service layer equipment can be expanded installation and be directed against the business datum of the business logic processing module of different business with the professional related hardware device of treatment industry, thereby realizes the expansion of business.。
Preferably, said business logic processing module comprises: intelligent grid module, intelligent transportation module, intelligent logistics module, Smart Home module, environment and safety detection module, industry and automation control module, medical treatment & health module, meticulous farming and animal husbandry module, finance and service trade module, national defense and military module.
The present invention is provided with equipment through layering; Make Internet of things system be easy to set up and have better flexibility; Take into account fail safe simultaneously, can be widely used in comprising intelligent grid, intelligent logistics, intelligent transportation, Smart Home, environment and safety detection, industry and automation control, medical treatment & health, meticulous farming and animal husbandry, finance and numerous areas such as service trade and Defence business.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure sketch map of Internet of Things application system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Internet of things system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the view layer modular structure sketch map of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is service layer's modular structure sketch map of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of mobile gateway of subnet gateway layer module of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the residential gateway structural representation of subnet gateway of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the Access Layer structure chart of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is passive RFID read write line and the multiple array antenna sketch map thereof in the perception guide layer of Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 9 is the Internet of things system platform of the present invention's one specific embodiment;
Figure 10 is the Internet of things system platform of another specific embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the Internet of things system platform of another specific embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the security strategy of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 13 is the application sketch map of passive RFID on the Network Transmission cable of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 14 is the application sketch map of passive RFID in rack of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 15 is the application sketch map of passive RFID in machine room of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 16 is the application sketch map of passive RFID on equipment of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 17 is the active RFID networking sketch map of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 18 is the application sketch map of active RFID on equipment and environment of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 19 is the sketch map of other application of expansion on the network Internet of Things of the embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
Further specify technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and through embodiment.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure sketch map of Internet of Things application system of the present invention.Internet of Things application system of the present invention comprises three parts, the Internet of Things 02 of Internet of things system platform 01, networked physics layer, and promptly " network Internet of Things ", Internet of Things use 03.
Wherein the Internet of things system platform is divided into six layers, is respectively view layer 10, service layer 20, subnet gateway layer 30, Access Layer 40, perception guide layer 50 and passive RFID electronic label 60.A complete Internet of things system is basically by several or whole composition the in these six parts.
The Internet of Things of networked physics layer is a typical Internet of things system that on this platform base, makes up.This system unifies monitoring in real time and management to all terminal equipments, physical link in IT and the communication network.This Internet of things system is divided into three levels from function, is respectively wisdom network 02A, to the physical link of networks at different levels such as carrier class network, private network, enterprise network, army's net, building network monitor in real time, location and intelligent management; Intelligent machine room 02B is to environment, the equipment of the inside of data center (IDC), equipment machine room, communications equipment room, base station, outdoor cross-connecting box, Cabinet etc. and monitoring when itself putting into effect, location and intelligent management; Smart machine 02C, the various Internet of Things equipment of information technoloy equipment in any place, communication equipment and other every profession and trades are monitored in real time, location and intelligent management.
Communication network and IT are the bases of all Internet of Things, use just very easy so expand other Internet of Things on the network Internet of Things basis again.Transducer, RFID read-write equipment, active RFID tag and industry smart machine in most of industry Internet of Things all will directly be managed by the network Internet of Things as a terminal of network; Cooperate the expansion of the business function module of service layer, can realize comprising: intelligent grid 03A, intelligent transportation 03B, intelligent logistics 03C, Smart Home 03D, environment and safety detection 03E, industry and automation control 03F, medical treatment & health 03G, meticulous farming and animal husbandry 03H, finance and service trade 03I, national defense and military 03J and other application 03K.
Fig. 2 is an Internet of things system platform structure sketch map of the present invention.As shown in Figure 2; Service layer 20 is cores of whole flat, it comprise the data platform 21 that is used to provide storage, the kernel 27 that is used to carry out the core business logical process, for ancillary equipment provide access services module (comprising the mobile service module 22 that access services is provided for second portable terminal 12 of view layer, for the browser 13 of view layer provide access services browse service module 23, for the third party system of view layer provide interface service third party's service module 24, mobile subnetwork gateway 31 is provided the mobile service module 25 of service, fixing subnet gateway 32 is provided the gateway service module 26 of service).
The method of service of each object is that interface C50_1, C50_2, C50_3 through local area network (LAN) or wide area network provides in 20 pairs of view layers 10 of service layer, and management is not generally done to request object by service layer 20.Service layer 20 and fixedly between the subnet gateway 32 the communication interface C40 between communication interface C42 and the mobile subnetwork gateway 31 generally carry out through wide area network, and communication object is done necessary management.
Subnet gateway layer 30 is nervous centralis of whole flat, and it generally comprises fixedly subnet gateway and mobile subnetwork gateway, and fixedly subnet gateway 32 is present in each local area network (LAN), and each subnet section all needs a fixedly subnet gateway 32.Subnet gateway layer 30 provides service through wide area network/lan interfaces C42/C40 to service layer 20.Also can be used as the agency of service layer 20, directly first portable terminal 11 to view layer 10 provides data and security service from service layer, and the communication interface C41 between the two generally is a local area network (LAN).The main function of subnet gateway layer 30 is to its next equipment---controller 41 and radio network gateway 42 carry out data communication and guarantee safety, handle its director data, and the communication interface C31_1 between them, C31_2 generally are local area network (LAN)s.Subnet gateway layer 30 also can be directly and the next equipment of perception guide layer---and support the communication interface C22 of local area network (LAN) and the passive RFID read-write equipment 51 or the smart machine 53_1 of commands for controlling to communicate; Handle its director data, and through these equipment of commands for controlling.This layer also receives the director data from service layer 20 through wide area network/local area network (LAN) C42/C40, according to the next equipment of commands for controlling.
Access Layer 40 is the nerves in the separate subnet, is that the branch road of whole system is neural.Access Layer 40 comprises with passive RFID read write line and smart machine and being connected through interface C21, and controls the controller 41 of these equipment in real time; And be connected through wireless communication interface C23, and carry out the radio network gateway 42 of mutual data transaction with active RFID and intelligent wireless equipment.
The controller 41 of Access Layer 40 can pass through serial ports, USB or other wireline interface C21 control passive RFID read write line 51, smart machine 531.Radio network gateway 42 supports the wireless communication interface C23 of MANET and the active RFID tag 52 or the smart machine 532 of support of wireless communication to communicate through for example ZigBee/Wi-Fi and other.
Perception guide layer 50 mainly is passive RFID read write line 51, active RFID tag 52 and smart machine 53_1,53_2.Wherein passive RFID read write line 51 is made up of module for reading and writing 51A, antenna and antenna array 51B, transducer 51C, indicator light 51D, sound device (buzzer or loudspeaker) 51E.Antenna or array antenna are read and write and are located passive RFID tags 61 through radio frequency interface C10.Active RFID tag chip 52A can other supports the wireless network Data transmission of MANET through Zigbee/Wi-Fi/; And data passes arrives radio network gateway the most at last; Itself is active, so can integrated sensor 52B, indicator light 52C, sound device (buzzer or loudspeaker) 52D.Smart machine 53_1,53_2; Mainly refer in the various systems such as industrial system, building control system, home intelligent facility, video monitoring system; Have USB interface, serial port or various interfaces such as Ethernet interface, wave point; And can be through the long-range sending controling instruction of these interfaces, obtain the equipment of current real-time status and data, like the intelligent air condition of data center, intelligent UPS, the intelligent washing machine in the Smart Home, intelligent electric cooker etc.
The type of communication interface is described below between above-mentioned each layer:
Interface C10, C23 are wave points, like Wi-Fi/ZigBee/LF RFID/HF RFID/UHF RFID etc.
Interface C21 is the bottom hardware interface of wired connection.
Interface C22, C31_1, C31_2 are lan interfaces.
Interface C42 is internet or lan interfaces.
Interface C40, C41, C50_1, C50_2, C50_3 are network connection interface, can be wired or wireless local area network (LAN) or wide area networks, and form is indefinite, have network to connect and get final product.
The data of communication interface transmission are described below between above-mentioned each layer:
Interface C10 transmits the bottom hardware data.
Interface C21, C23 transmit director data or bottom hardware data
Interface C22, C31_2, C41, C42, C31_1, C40 transmit director data.
Interface C50_1, C50_2, C50_3 business transferring data.
Be described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing each layer Internet of things system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the view layer structural representation of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention.
One of characteristics of Internet of things system are: thing, when and where.With the scene is the basis, and the relation of framework scene and thing gives expression to thing and time relation on this basis.Scene can be switched according to the actual requirements, and thing and various sensor information can load according to scene, time and other condition.Just can be suitable for many application scenarioss so increase different things according to different application on the graphic interface basis intuitively.
Of Fig. 3; First, second portable terminal 11,12 all is made up of 5 parts; Wherein first portable terminal 11 is skipped service layer and is directly communicated by letter with subnet gateway layer 30, and it has the gateway service request module 11E and the propelling movement respond module 11D that receives from the various Push Service of gateway of request gateway service.Second portable terminal 12 communicates with service layer, has request security service function services request module 12E of service layer and the propelling movement respond module 12D that receives from the various Push Service of service layer.First, second portable terminal 11,12 inside comprise an embedded database 11B, 12B respectively, and said embedded database 11B, 12B can store intermediate data or ephemeral data; System function module 11C, 12C have comprised the scheduling of configurations information, business logic processing and other module separately; The system function module main processing of first portable terminal 11 be the instruction data, the system function module main processing of second portable terminal 12 be business datum; Graphic interface 11A, 12A are that a plurality of platforms are customizable, and for example, the ios platform of apple, android platform, windows platform and Linux platform etc., these platform graphics melt to be sent out simply, fast, and it is true to nature to represent effect.Can load spatial data displayed scene intuitively, and various graphical display things and transducer, binding time and with concrete applied business logic can adapt to various Internet of Things application.
Browser 13 in the presentation layer also is to adopt the most intuitively graphical operation interface 13A (pattern technology that is comprised is a lot; In Flex, SilverLight, GIS, the CAD figures technology one or more are generally arranged; Represent Internet of Things with maximum graphical effect and use, can be applicable to a lot of industries); Browser 13 is communicated by letter with service layer 20, comprises services request module 13C of service layer that asks security service and the propelling movement respond module 13B that receives from the various Push Service of service layer.
Third party system 14 shows and interactive function view layer equipment for other is used to possess, and the interface of itself and service layer generally speaking is divided three classes.
A kind of is to use and the interface of reservation in order to adapt to the Internet of Things open loop.So-called open loop, just as EPC and UID that kind, whole system is open, from coding, framework, information interaction, read-write rule etc. unified open specification is arranged all, following arbitrarily can real-time, interactive between the system of standard.Closed loop then is that oneself can define all rules, if native system is inner and fraternal system between can real-time, interactive just passable.For with the open loop standard adaptation, the present invention sets up special open loop interface 14A.EPCIS or the UID information service that can set a this locality in the open loop interface are to EPC and UID standard open.
The 2nd, to the compatibility of third party system.Be commonly referred to as the northbound interface of system, be convenient to the service of third party's system call native system.Northbound interface 14C of the present invention comprises: WEB service, CORBA and SOAP.
The 3rd, the message interface 14B of several criteria, as: SMS, E-mail etc.Can in system, set the recipient of these standard message, system just can send message to the recipient in needs.
Fig. 4 is service layer's structural representation of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention.
Use for reference the thought of SOA, can make up the software architecture that can constantly expand based on service.Classify traffic into the serviced component of different granularities; The programming idea that cooperates object-oriented and tangent plane; Whole system can ad infinitum be expanded various functions (as long as the hardware permission is fine in theory), represents to the user according to the loading different functions of user's needs.Software serviceization has become trend, and service layer is just to the demand of complicated service, data and the safe handling of whole Internet of things system, seeks the serviceization of minimum dynamics and the result that produces.
Service layer 20 can provide different services to the different external request, and pushes information to the requestor when being necessary.Service layer 20 comprises that corresponding with the external service request of second portable terminal 12 second moves service module 22; Corresponding with the external service request of standard browser 13 service module 23 of browsing; The third party service module 24 corresponding with the external service request of third party system 14; The corresponding with mobile subnetwork gateway 31 the 3rd moves service module 25; The gateway service module 26 corresponding with fixing subnet gateway 32.
Data platform 21 is one of most important functions modules of service layer.Data platform 21 comprises relational data processing module 21A, spatial data processing module 21B, vector data processing module 21C, file data processing module 21D.Relation data processing module 21A can be with a plurality of relevant databases, and relational database 1, relational database 2 perhaps more is abstracted into the persistent layer object, organizes the persistent layer object that data, services externally is provided according to the service logic demand.Spatial data processing module 21B is by spatial data library storage basic data, and the space engine is responsible for different spatial objects is analyzed and handled, and the correlation between expressing.The space service is based upon on the basis of space engine, requires to set up different spatial data analysis object and method according to service logic.In Internet of Things is used, also have a large amount of vector datas, so native system has designed vector data processing module 21C, vector database is responsible for store vector data, and the vector data engine constructs object vector according to data structure, and gives expression to correlation.The vector service requires to set up different vector data analytic target and method according to service logic on the basis of object vector.In addition, all there is a large amount of fileinfos to need to handle in any system,, and set up special file service, supply other parts of system to call to the file management rule so native system has designed file data processing module 21D.
Kernel 27 comprises business function module 27D, security service module 27C, networking service module 27E, system service module 27B, bus service module 27A, the messenger service module 27F that is responsible for business logic processing.System service module 27B comprises the configurations information of whole system, like: unit information, Hardware configuration, personal information, authority setting, block configuration, multilingual or the like.Security service module 27C mainly comprises safe, externally safety, the identity of hardware device and the safety of authentication etc. of data communication in service and the interface of safety to internal information, storage.Wherein the most complicated is exactly the safety of data in the network service.To in Figure 12, specify.Networking service module 27E is to the next subnet gateway or links the portable terminal of serving on the backstage and carry out networking, and subnet gateway 30 is carried out real-time management.These equipment possibly be interim accesses, also possibly be permanent accesses, promptly possibly be that direct intervention also maybe be through penetrating gateway or fire compartment wall inserts indirectly.System wants when these equipment insert and can in time find, also can in time know when leaving, and corresponding necessary network identity is managed.Business function module 27D uses to different Internet of Things to set up the different functional group; As: intelligent grid, intelligent transportation, intelligent logistics, Smart Home, environment and safety detection, industry and automation control, medical treatment & health, meticulous farming and animal husbandry, finance and service trade, national defense and military or the like, can constantly expand.Different module internal not only can but also be subdivided into the sub-function module of more granularities according to concrete function.Module 27D1 shows the specific functional modules piece that need increase when Internet of Things of every increase is used, and comprising: business datum, service logic, graphical interfaces, bottom hardware information and control mode (this is the foundation that hardware instruction produces and resolves).The major function of bus service module 27A is to the configuration between above each serviced component, calls and coordinate.When functional module needs or externally service needs to carry out a certain function, must relate to other serviced components, at this time just go to coordinate these services by the bus service, finish the work.Processing and encapsulation before business datum and the director data that messenger service module 27F is used to carry out different application transmits between each layer of system platform, and parsing and processing after transmitting.
Fig. 5 is the mobile subnetwork gateway structural representation of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention.Fig. 6 is the fixedly subnet gateway structural representation of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention.Fig. 7 is the Access Layer Organization Chart of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention.
Subnet gateway layer and Access Layer all belong to middleware.Middleware is the nervous system of Internet of Things, is a kind of framework of general management data.This distributed frame can be simplified the management of Internet of Things, improves operational efficiency.Middleware is to be used for processing and handling from all information of bottom hardwares such as read write line, transducer, smart machine and the software of flow of event, is the tie that connects bottom hardware and background management system.It will filter, divide into groups and count label data, sensing data, and finally forms director data and mail to service layer, reducing the data volume in the network system, and prevents wrong recognition, skip and mutiread information." edge middleware " is to be directly connected to bottom hardware, gathers the middleware of real time data, and the data that " bosom spare " mainly is responsible for " edge middleware " gathered are delivered to background management system through multistage network.
Middleware both can be the software kit of independently software kit or embedding in form, also can be that independently hardware adds the software kit of various embeddings.Major part is the middleware of pure software, but the hardware of the employing embedded device among the present invention is as ES layer middleware.There is the advantage of himself in the hardware intermediate layer; Except networking and computing function with software middleware; Also has abundant hardware interface; Can connect various read write lines, transducer, smart machine even other and the irrelevant equipment of Internet of Things, and from hardware or these equipment of physical communication control.The issue in hardware intermediate layer and networking are also convenient than software middleware.Shortcoming is that cost of manufacture is high.
Similar described bosom spare on mobile subnetwork gateway 31 its functions shown in Figure 5.
Mobile subnetwork gateway 31 comprises interface module 31A, directly from service layer's request service, and accepts to push the information of coming from service layer.Nucleus module 31B comprises that embedded data processing, instruction process, systemic-function realize, graphical interfaces.System function module is a core, comprises business logic processing, necessary system configuration, coordinates other each several part work.Command process module mainly encapsulates, resolves, distributes and carry out director data.It mainly is storage, inquiry and the management to system data, intermediate data, ephemeral data that embedded data is handled.Graphical interfaces is according to the graphical display result of systemic-function needs, and and user interactions, the result is passed to systemic-function.For reasonable graphical effect is arranged, generally select the reasonable operating system of graphical effect, as: IOS, Android, Windows, Linux etc.Network communication module 31C is linked into the different bottom hardware of mobile subnetwork gateway with those through local area network (LAN) and carries out communication, mainly is controller, radio network gateway, passive read write line and smart machine at this platform.
As shown in Figure 6, fixedly subnet gateway 32 main function classes are responsible for communicating by letter with the edge middleware like bosom spare, and edge middleware/hardware middleware is divided into the different network segments.Only need communication seldom between the different segment, even communication, reduce greatly system complexity, improved efficient.Whole fixedly subnet gateway 32 is divided into three layers, is respectively interface layer 321, core layer 322, network layer 323.Interface layer mainly is to move service module 321A through first to first portable terminal 11 service interface to be provided, and 26 pairs of service layers 20 provide service interface 321B through service layer's service module.Because all subnet gateway and the networking of service layer are all managed by the networking service 27E of service layer; So service layer's gateway service module 26 can directly call the service module 321B of service layer of subnet gateway, the service module 321B of service layer also can directly call gateway service module 26.First portable terminal 11 can directly be asked first of subnet gateway to move service module 321A service is provided, first move service module 321A also directly pushed information to portable terminal.Core layer 322 comprises data service module 322C, security service module 322D, network service module 322B, command service module 322E and system service module 322A.Wherein, data service module 322C comprises an embedded data library component, can handle all system datas, intermediate data and ephemeral data as the data of dealing with relationship, and service is provided for other serviced components.Security service module 322D communicates by letter with service layer for subnet gateway mutual safety certification, encryption and deciphering are provided, and security service is provided for external interface.System service module 322A is the core of subnet gateway to the realization of the basic function of whole system, the configuration of system and the scheduling of intermodule, is responsible for all business logic processing, and removes to call other different serviced component according to service logic.Command service 322E is parsing, encapsulation, the distribution to director data, because business datum is all in service layer's processing, so the business datum in the subnet gateway all is mutual between service layer and subnet gateway as the director data parameter.Network communication module 322B is the networking management that those are linked into subnet gateway through local area network (LAN) and accept the equipment of subnet gateway management and safety certification; And slightly have any different to the different concrete networking modes of bottom hardware; These differences all have corresponding setting in hardware information in the business function module of service layer and the control mode in advance; At this platform mainly is controller, radio network gateway, passive read write line and smart machine, and these information just were loaded at the beginning of subnet gateway started.Network layer 323 develops and manages different bottom TCP/IP networks and connects, and the data that pass over are filtered and resolved according to the configuration of the network service module 322B of core layer 322.The mode of these parsings and filtration also has definition in advance in the hardware information in the business function module of service layer and the control mode, and these information just were loaded at the beginning of subnet gateway started.For the present invention includes controller communication module 323A, passive RFID read write line communication module 323B, radio network gateway communication module 323C, smart machine communication module 323D.Wherein passive RFID read write line communication module 323B and smart machine communication module 323D do not belong to middleware, are terminal equipments, as long as support Ethernet protocol and commands for controlling just can directly be linked into subnet gateway.
Access Layer shown in Figure 7 comprises equipment such as controller 41 and radio network gateway 42.
Controller 41 comprises network communication module 41A, system function module 41B, bottom hardware communication module 41C.Wherein network communication module 41A sets up safe the connection through the security service module 322D of fixing subnet gateway with fixing subnet gateway; And remove Management Controller, so controller and fixedly can carry out real-time lasting communication between the subnet gateway by fixing subnet gateway.Be that general network is connected between the network communication module 31C of mobile subnetwork gateway 31.Systemic-function 41B comprises that command function module, embedded data are handled and input and output are handled.Controller is a hardware device, for the ease of disposing at the scene and operating, has been equipped with some the most basic input-output equipment, like keyboard and display screen.Embedded database mainly is complicated intermediate data, ephemeral data and a system data of storage.Instruction module mainly encapsulates, resolves, distributes and carry out director data.Bottom hardware communication 41C; Be primarily aimed at different hardware interfaces and set different communication mode (as: serial communications such as CAN, I2C, RS485, RS412, RS232, USB) or hardware controls mode (as: switch, level, pulse, voltage, electric current etc.); And, utilize the control corresponding mode to control underlying device according to command adapted thereto.
Radio network gateway comprises network communication module 42A (the network service 41A of its function and controller is the same), director data modular converter 42B and bottom wireless communication module 42C.The bottom radio communication mainly contains ZigBee, Wi-Fi and 433M etc., and other supports the wireless communication protocol of MANET.Director data modular converter 42B mainly realizes conversion each other between the treatable director data of data and upper system that bottom wireless communication module 42C receives.When the next system itself just supports instruction mode, often do not need the conversion instruction conversion, only change on the data dissemination mode and just can.
Fig. 8 is passive RFID read write line and the multiple array antenna sketch map thereof in the perception guide layer of Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention.
A passive RFID read write line comprises module for reading and writing 51A, array antenna 51B, transducer 51C, indicator light 51D and sound device 51E, and by other all part of module for reading and writing control.Wherein array antenna is the most complicated, and to the different array world of different application design, transducer, indicator light and sound device are all done different designs according to the layout of array antenna.
Array antenna generally has following several kinds
Single antenna 51B_1, frequency is not limit, shape unbounded size system.As: ring Shape antenna, bar antenna etc.Module for reading and writing 51A can control its work.
Linear array 51B_2,51B_3, the most frequently used linear array is a plurality of element antennas equidistance arrangement line array 51B_2 in a straight line successively.Also there is not equidistance arrangement each unit of linear array, and each element antenna also can not be arranged on the straight line, for example is arranged on the circumference or 51B_3 on the arbitrary curve.Any single antenna of module for reading and writing 51A in can array of controls works independently, and also can control a plurality of antennas and work simultaneously, more can be according to a plurality of single antenna collaborative works of set policy control.
Face array 51B_4, a plurality of dissimilar linear array antennas are or/and single antenna just constitutes planar array by certain way arrangement or intersection in the plane or on the arbitrary surface.Module for reading and writing 51A is a linear array or a plurality of linear array in the chain of command array separately, also can be according to any one or more individual antennas in the set policy control face array.
Spaced three-dimensional array antenna 51B_5, a plurality of different facial array antennas are or/and linear array antenna just constitutes the spaced three-dimensional array antenna or/and single antenna is spatially arranged or intersected according to certain way.Control module can be controlled any face battle array (linear array) or a plurality of battle arrays (linear array) in the battle array of space separately, also can be according to any one or more individual antennas in the battle array of set policy control space.
Mixing array antenna 51B_6, by a plurality of different space array antennas or/and planar array antenna or/and linear array antenna or/and single antenna mixes the array forms is called and mixes gust.Module for reading and writing 51A can control separately and mix any face battle array (space battle array, linear array) or a plurality of battle arrays (space battle array, linear array) in the battle array, also can be according to any one or more individual antennas in the battle array of set policy control space.
Acousto-optic equipment as required arbitrary placement, set a plurality ofly, generally set according to the array antenna layout.
Fig. 9 is the Internet of things system of the present invention's one specific embodiment.
In this embodiment; Controller 41 is controlled one or more passive RFID read write lines 51 (comprising the array antenna, acousto-optic equipment and the various transducer that link to each other with read write line) and/or smart machine 53_1 through wired connection interface C21, and is connected to subnet gateway 30 through Ethernet C31_1.First portable terminal 11 and service layer service module 25,26 are connected through network C 41, C40, C42 and subnet gateway, carry out data interaction and business logic processing.
The Internet of things system of this embodiment can be carried out following function:
Controller is controlled read write line/smart machine in real time and is collected data, is uploaded to subnet gateway after the processing, and subnet gateway passes to service layer after with data processing, and service layer pushes data into portable terminal, browser or the third party system of view layer.
Controller is controlled read write line/smart machine in real time and is collected data; Be uploaded to subnet gateway after the processing; Subnet gateway passes to service layer after with data processing, and service layer returns to subnet gateway with result, and subnet gateway is pushed to the result portable terminal of view layer.
The user sends director data through service layer to subnet gateway after utilizing view layer portable terminal, browser or third party system and service layer alternately.Subnet gateway is collected read write line/smart machine data or control read write line/smart machine work according to the commands for controlling controller, and result turns back to subnet gateway, service layer and view layer.
The user is directly mutual with subnet gateway through view layer portable terminal, the transmission director data.Subnet gateway is collected read write line/smart machine data or control read write line/smart machine work according to the commands for controlling controller, and result turns back to subnet gateway and portable terminal.
The user is directly mutual with subnet gateway through view layer portable terminal, transmission director data request service layer business datum.Portable terminal is according to operation layer data and user interactions result; Send instruction and give subnet gateway; Subnet gateway is collected read write line/smart machine data or control read write line/smart machine work according to the commands for controlling controller, and result turns back to subnet gateway, service layer and portable terminal.
Typical Internet of Things application structure of the Internet of things system of present embodiment.Service layer generally is distributed on the server of data center or on the cloud platform.Hardware by in each local area network (LAN) of management and control links to each other with background manage software through subnet gateway, and the fire compartment wall that these gateways can penetrate in the subnet section links to each other with background manage software through internet, private network or other wide area networks.So just forming a background management system can link to each other with the subnet that is dispersed in all parts of the world, and keeps continuing communication.Subnet gateway links to each other through local area network (LAN) with controller, and a sub-net has only a sub-net gateway, but a plurality of controllers of gateway management.A controller is controlled a plurality of passive RFID read write lines or smart machine through the mode of wired connection again.Passive RFID read write line is controlled a plurality of single antenna and array antenna and transducer, acousto-optic equipment through module for reading and writing.So; Control from a background management system that a plurality of subnet gateway, a plurality of controllers of a sub-net gateway control, controller are controlled a plurality of read write line/smart machines, a read write line is controlled a plurality of antennas and transducer, form the Internet of things system of can infinite expanding but can limited administration step by step.
Figure 10 is the Internet of things system of another specific embodiment of the present invention.
In the present embodiment; One or more passive RFID read write lines 51 (comprising the array antenna, acousto-optic equipment and the various transducer that link to each other with read write line) and/or smart machine 531 are directly connected to subnet gateway layer 30 through local area network (LAN) C22; Portable terminal 11 and service layer service 25,26 is connected through network C 41, C40, C42 and subnet gateway layer 30, carries out data interaction and business logic processing.
The Internet of things system of this embodiment can be carried out following function:
Subnet gateway is controlled read write line/smart machine in real time and is collected data, gives service layer with data upload after the processing, and service layer pushes data into portable terminal, browser or the third party system of view layer.
Subnet gateway is controlled read write line/smart machine in real time and is collected data, is uploaded to service layer after the processing, and service layer returns to subnet gateway with result, and subnet gateway is pushed to the result portable terminal of view layer.
The user sends director data through service layer to subnet gateway after utilizing view layer portable terminal, browser or third party system and service layer alternately.Subnet gateway is according to instruction acquisition read write line/smart machine data or control read write line/smart machine work, and result turns back to service layer and view layer.
The user is directly mutual with subnet gateway through view layer portable terminal, the transmission director data.Subnet gateway is according to instruction acquisition read write line/smart machine data or control read write line/smart machine work, and result turns back to portable terminal.
The user is directly mutual with subnet gateway through view layer portable terminal, transmission director data request service layer business datum.Portable terminal sends instruction and gives subnet gateway according to operation layer data and user interactions result, and subnet gateway is according to instruction acquisition read write line/smart machine data or control read write line/smart machine work, and result turns back to service layer and portable terminal.
It is to support ethernet communication that many read write line/smart machines are arranged in the Internet of things system of reality; And the commands for controlling pattern of the standard of support; These passive RFID read write lines and smart machine need not be through inserting subnet gateway between controller or other edge middleware, but directly link to each other with subnet gateway.By subnet gateway through commands for controlling they.So just form a background management system and controlled a plurality of subnet gateway, a plurality of read write line/smart machines of a sub-net gateway control, a read write line and control a plurality of antennas and transducer, formed the Internet of Things of can infinite expanding but can limited administration step by step.
Figure 11 is the Internet of things system of another specific embodiment of the present invention.
In the present embodiment; Active RFID tag 52 (comprising the acousto-optic equipment and the various transducer that link to each other with label) and/or smart machine 53_2 communicate through communication C23 (other MANET wireless networks of Wi-Fi/ZigBee/) and radio network gateway 42, and radio network gateway is connected to subnet gateway layer 30 through local area network (LAN) C31_2.Portable terminal 11 and service layer service 25,26 is connected through wireless C41, C40, C42 and subnet gateway, carries out data interchange and business logic processing.
The Internet of things system of this embodiment can be carried out following function:
Subnet gateway is controlled radio network gateway in real time and is collected intelligent wireless equipment/active RFID data, gives service layer with data upload after the processing, and service layer pushes data into portable terminal, browser or the third party system of view layer.
Subnet gateway is controlled radio network gateway in real time and is collected intelligent wireless equipment/active RFID data, is uploaded to service layer after the processing, and service layer returns to subnet gateway with result, and subnet gateway is pushed to the result portable terminal of view layer.
The user sends director data through service layer to subnet gateway after utilizing view layer portable terminal, browser or third party system and service layer alternately.Subnet gateway is collected intelligent wireless equipment/active RFID data or control intelligent wireless equipment/active RFID work according to the commands for controlling radio network gateway, and result turns back to service layer and view layer.
The user is directly mutual with subnet gateway through view layer portable terminal, the transmission director data.Subnet gateway is collected intelligent wireless equipment/active RFID data or control intelligent wireless equipment/active RFID work according to the commands for controlling radio network gateway, and result turns back to portable terminal.
The user is directly mutual with subnet gateway through view layer portable terminal, transmission director data request service layer business datum.Portable terminal is according to operation layer data and user interactions result; Send instruction and give subnet gateway; Subnet gateway is collected intelligent wireless equipment/active RFID data or control intelligent wireless equipment/active RFID work according to the commands for controlling radio network gateway, and result turns back to service layer and portable terminal.
Present embodiment is applied to the management of active RFID tag, or has the management of the equipment of active RFID, or has the management of the intelligent wireless equipment of radio communication function.Active RFID tag and transducer and sound and light signal binding energy are used a lot of occasions, like environmental monitoring, container management etc.Smart machine has the more and more of Wi-Fi function or ZigBee or other wireless self-networking functions.These smart machines can be used for various occasions such as Smart Home, industry, are the trends of era development, such as: washing machine, refrigerator, electric cooker etc.Can be connected to subnet gateway 30 or portable terminal 12 through portable terminal 11 in office is connected to service layer 20 and is connected to subnet gateway 30; Utilize between subnet gateway 30 and the radio network gateway 42 and communicate; Thereby can collect the environmental parameter that needs; The control electric cooker begins to cook, and the control washing machine begins to wash clothes.
The next background management system of this pattern is controlled a plurality of subnet gateway, a plurality of radio network gateways of a sub-net gateway control; A radio network gateway is controlled a plurality of active RFID tags or smart machine, and the one-level level forms the Internet of Things of can infinite expanding but can limited administration.
Fig. 9 is to the described three kinds of concrete Internet of things system organizational forms of Figure 11, in an Internet of things system, may exist one or morely, even all exists.
Figure 12 is the security strategy of the Internet of things system platform of the embodiment of the invention.
The safety of Internet of Things relates to two aspects, and one is the safety of thing itself, and this has relation with object itself, erecting bed condition, public safety, and another one is Internet of Things information security and communication security, also is problem to be solved by this invention.
In theory, do not have absolute safety, key will see that the cost that the assailant breaks through these safety obstacles is much.Most of attack method is exactly to the very thorough understanding of principle, thus system whatsoever, all have attacked maybe.The general development of Internet of Things can be a bigger temptation to the assailant, in case because success attack, the assailant will obtain more resources and information.So determined the input of its fail safe aspect and researched and developed security mechanism and the method the Internet era of being far longer than, the cost that the assailant is paid for it is bigger.The another one problem relevant with safety is exactly privacy concern.Possibly automatically accomplish an original undesirable operation through electronic tag; As: it is related through the EPC system personal identification and electronic tag to be taken place, and also possibly reveal individual preference, and Transaction Information reaches individual privacies such as position.Obtaining equally of privacy information will have corresponding cost, avoids the privacy of low-cost to obtain.Set up the secure certification architecture of eTRON in the standard of UID specially, this system can be brought into play much safety effects also need put into practice detection.The security system of EPC mainly also is based on the Internet.
Security system of the present invention also is based on network.The security service module 27C of service layer reaches fixedly, and the security service module 322D of subnet gateway is the core of whole security system.Each subnet gateway all can propose to add application to service layer with a newcomer's identity when just starting; Behind the identity verification, security centre of service layer and subnet gateway security centre confirm security strategy (symmetric cryptography or asymmetric encryption or digital certificate etc.) each other.The data of both sides' transmission later on all go to resolve and checking with set security strategy.And decide through consultation, just do the change of once safety strategy according to the every certain interval of time of set algorithm.
Two security service centers also are each and its default security strategy that is related except mutual assurance safety.When portable terminal 12 and mobile gateway 31, standard browser 13 and third party system 14 when service layer's request has the service of high authority; Must carry out safety certification to it by the first 27C of security centre by service layer; After obtaining safety certificate, can obtain the service of higher level authority; The service of general authority utilizes safe socket character SSL just passable, and general information does not need authentication.Equally; When controller with when fixedly subnet gateway layer 32 is set up network service 41A; Radio network gateway and when fixedly subnet gateway is set up network service 42A, when portable terminal 11 was set up network service with subnet gateway, the 322D of security centre of subnet gateway will verify identity earlier; Provide data necessary signature or certificate then, guarantee two communication securities of sending out.Because subnet gateway, controller and radio network gateway are all in same local area network (LAN), so its security level required is not too strict.
The application sketch map of the passive RFID of Figure 13 embodiment of the invention on the Network Transmission cable.
Apply to the sketch map on copper wiring frame 130_1 and the Optical Distribution Frame 130_2 for the passive RFID read write line shown in the figure; And these distributing frames are installed in and are connected to system controller 41 in the rack and are connected to fixedly subnet gateway 32, or are directly connected to the sketch map of mobile subnetwork gateway 31.
Common distributing frame comprises copper cable distributing frame or fibre distribution frame.Copper cable comprise again 3 types, 5 types, surpass 5 types, 6 types, surpass diverse network distributing frames such as 6 types, 7 types, also support the following distributing frame that the new route system possibly occur.Light comprise various distributing frames such as single mode, bimodulus, LC, SC, FC, ST again, also support the following distributing frame that the new route system possibly occur.The network port number of common distributing frame can be 4 mouthfuls, 8 mouthfuls, 12 mouthfuls, 24 mouthfuls, 48 mouthfuls etc.These distributing frames all become electronic wiring frame after adding the passive RFID read write line; Read write line can be embedded in the general network distributing frame and also can be suspended on the general network distribution outward; A read write line can be used with a distributing frame, also can be used with a plurality of distributing frames.Also can have the network equipment of electrical harnesses holder function with formation at general network equipment (switch or router) the plug-in rfid interrogator that gets on.
A is a copper cable RFID electronic wiring frame structural representation among the figure.Whole distributing frame comprises three parts, and a part is general network distributing frame 131_1, and another part is passive RFID read write line 51_1, comprising array antenna 51B_1, LED light 51D_1.The A illustrated be that read write line 51_1 hangs over common distributing frame 131_1 outward and goes up to form electronic wiring frame.Distributing frame has the port one 31A_1 and the array antenna that insert common wire jumper corresponding, thereby realizes the real-time detection to the electronics wire jumper that inserts port.Need on the every copper cable wire jumper 132 a passive RFID electronic label 61_1 is installed, it is inserted into that port to be convenient to the aerial array detection.
B is an optical cable RFID electronic wiring frame structural representation among the figure.Whole distributing frame comprises three parts, and a part is general network distributing frame 131_2, and another part is passive RFID read write line 51_2, comprising array antenna 51B_2, LED light 51D_2.The B illustrated be that read write line 51_2 is embedded in common distributing frame 131_2 and goes up to form electronic wiring frame.Distributing frame has the port one 31A_2 and the array antenna that insert common wire jumper corresponding, thereby realizes the real-time detection to the electronics wire jumper that inserts port.Need on the every optical cable wire jumper 133 a passive RFID electronic label 61_2 is installed, it is inserted into that port to be convenient to the aerial array detection.
C is installed in the sketch map in the rack for the RFID electronic wiring frame among the figure.Electronic wiring frame 130_3 is installed in the different U layers of rack 134 in proper order, and is connected to controller 41 through wired mode C21 and is connected to fixedly subnet gateway 32 then, also can be directly connected to mobile subnetwork gateway 31 through the wired mode C22 of wired or wireless commentaries on classics.Thereby final sum service layer communicates, and accomplishes the miscellaneous service logic.
Through of the management of RFID electronic wiring frame to each root wire jumper, the trend of each the root physical link in the network can both be come to light and discern in real time, also can the position of each terminal and access point in the network be positioned and differentiate.Realization is to the real real-time intelligent management at physical link and terminal.
Figure 14 is the application sketch map of passive RFID in rack (frame) of the embodiment of the invention.Wherein, 141 for laterally being installed in the equipment in the rack, as: distribution adds, switch, router, server etc.; 61_1 is attached to the passive RFID electronic label on the equipment that laterally is installed in the rack; 142 for vertically being installed in the equipment in the rack, is generally the equipment of blade type, as: blade server, blade switch etc.; 61_2 is attached to the passive RFID electronic label on the equipment that vertically is installed in the rack; 143 is rack; 51B_2,51C_2,51D_2 are that level is installed in linearly disposed antenna array, indicator light and the transducer in the rack; 51B_1,51C_1,51D_1 are linearly disposed antenna array, indicator light and the transducer that is vertically mounted in the rack; 51A and 51E are the module for reading and writing and the audible device (buzzer or loudspeaker) of rfid interrogator; 144 for being installed in the horizontal erection unit that has passive RFID electronic label in the rack, and it specifically is made up of with passive RFID electronic label 61_1 horizontal rack equipment 141; 145 for being installed in the vertical erection unit that has passive RFID electronic label in the rack, and it is made up of with passive RFID electronic label 61_2 vertical rack equipment 142; 61_3 is the passive RFID electronic label attached to the rack bottom.
On the equipment passive RFID electronic tag 61_1, a 61_2 is arranged all in each cabinet.Can store the information in each stage in the entire equipment life cycle in the label; Because rack is all-metal enclosed environment, equipment also is metal shell basically in the cabinet.Consider the interference of radio frequency and crosstalk that through repeatedly calculating and testing, preferably the HF band RFID is in this applications.Certainly, the RF tag of other frequency also can use in rack, only is that effect does not have preferred frequency range outstanding.
Each rack inside is provided with a module for reading and writing 51A and audible device 51E and a plurality of array antenna, indicator light and transducer 51B_1,51B_2,51C_1,51C_2,51D_1,51D_2.Said RFID module for reading and writing 51A can indicate unique identity of rack, by upper system identification.Module for reading and writing 51A controls a plurality of array antenna 51B_1,51B_2, through array antenna 51B_1,51B_2 to each passive RFID electronic label 61_1,61_2 discerns and locate, positioning accuracy is 1U (44mm).
Array antenna in the rack is made up of horizontal linear sub-array antenna 51B_2 (horizontal linear array) and vertical linear antenna subarray 51B_1 (vertical linear array).Vertical linear array 51B_1 can be through equipment 141 in the cabinet that reads horizontal installation this cabinet of laterally installing of information location of RFID label 61_1 in equipment 141, equipment 142 in this cabinet of laterally installing of information location of the RFID label 61_2 that horizontal linear array can be through equipment 142 in the cabinet that reads vertical installation.Vertical antenna is not limit with the number of horizontal antenna, the position is not limit.Can install according to actual needs, be connected to module for reading and writing 51A after the installation.Vertical antenna is only installed two, promptly respectively installs one in two sides of rack but generally speaking.
Finally, through the array antenna in the rack, the interior equipment of the cabinet that has passive RFID electronic label of any position in the rack can discerned and locate to the passive RFID read write line.
Simultaneously, according to the layout of array antenna, a plurality of temperature, humidity sensor are set in the relevant position, sensor in real time is monitored the temperature and humidity of surrounding enviroment and parameter is passed to controller.Also be provided with a plurality of LED lights on the array antenna.When equipment was installed in the cabinet in operator relevant position in rack, the guiding of also can glimmering of corresponding LED lamp was installed.Equipment is when unauthorized state leaves its tram in controller is found cabinet, and the LED lamp flicker of indication correspondence position is alarmed.Find the Temperature Humidity Sensor monitoring numerical value of relevant position when controller and surpass when preestablishing numerical value also indication LED lantern festival flicker alarm.
The effect of sound device 51E is when the LED flicker is alarmed on the controller indication array antenna, to control buzzer call simultaneously and report to the police.
Preferably, also be provided with fluid sensor on the RFID module for reading and writing 51A, whether speed air flow reaches set standard in the monitoring rack, prevents that atmosphere draught-free from causing bulk temperature rising in the rack;
In a further advantageous embodiment, can also fluid sensor be set with the monitoring current in the top and the bottom of rack, prevent that the equipment water inlet damages in the cabinet according to actual conditions.
And said RFID module for reading and writing 51A also can be provided with the power consumption that the electric quantity monitoring transducer can be monitored whole rack.
The bottom of rack is provided with RFID passive electronic label 61_3, and it is used to indicate unique identity of rack, is consistent with the rack identity that MCU indicated of RFID module for reading and writing 51A in the rack.This label can be placed on array antenna identification and the location on the machine room floor, also can be discerned by handheld device.Can also store the various attribute informations in each stage in the rack whole life in this label.
Said RFID module for reading and writing 51A is connected to controller 41 through wired mode C21 and is connected to mobile subnetwork gateway 31 then, also can be connected to fixedly subnet gateway 32 through C22.Thereby final sum service layer communicates, and accomplishes the miscellaneous service logic.
Figure 15 is the application sketch map of passive RFID in machine room of the embodiment of the invention.
Among the figure, 151 is that fire-fighting equipment, 152 is that UPS, 153 is that rack, 154 is that the miscellaneous equipment, 155 that is placed in the machine room is that power distribution cabinet, 156 is a data center floor.The bottom of each equipment all is equipped with a passive RFID electronic label 61 except that the floor, and it is used for unique identity of designation equipment, and this label can be placed on array antenna identification and the location on the machine room floor, also can be discerned by handheld device.
According to the standard of domestic and international data center construction, rack that machine room is inner and be placed in the equipment on the floor the position will according to these equipment in the position on the lateral coordinates (X coordinate) on floor and the position on vertical coordinate (Y coordinate) number.As: the central point of the represented rack of label 153 is AD in the position of X coordinate among the figure, is 02 at the Y coordinate position, and then this rack is numbered AD02.Label is that 155 power distribution cabinet central point is AF in the position of X coordinate, is 03 at the Y coordinate position, and then this power distribution cabinet is numbered AF03.
So the present invention is arranging the array antenna 51B that can discern passive RFID electronic label on the floor.This array antenna is a planar array, is arranged according to the paving mode on floor by many single antennas, and an independently antenna submatrix is set under promptly every floor.When the equipment that has the passive RFID electronics was placed on the floor, the passive RFID electronic label of each rack bottom can be disposed in underfloor array antenna and discern and locate.
Each single sub antenna has some necessary transducers, indicator light 51C, 51D in the array antenna on the floor, so that the machine room underground environment is done tight monitoring.Underground environment is extremely important, because many cables and earth point etc. are all in the floor, so appended common transducers such as fluid sensor (waterproof), Temperature Humidity Sensor on these array antennas.Except that transducer; Each single sub antenna also has an indicator light, and necessary illumination and route guidance can be provided, and helps the operator to find corresponding rack at googol fast in according to central space; Prevent that also the operator from will getting into some sensitizing ranges, causes some accidents.
The array antenna that is placed on the floor is connected to a passive RFID module for reading and writing 51A.This module for reading and writing can remove location and identification rack by array of controls antenna 51B, the transducer 51C collecting ring environment information on the array of controls antenna, and control indicator light 51D pilot operationp employee does.RFID module for reading and writing 51A has gone up a buzzer 51E also integrated; When data collected surpasses preset value; Or equipment illegally leaves the tram on the floor, or operating personnel are not when pressing given line and getting into data center, the buzzer alarm; The flicker of indication indicator light reads while write module 51A warning information is delivered to background management system.
Said RFID module for reading and writing 51A is connected to controller 41 through wired mode C21, is connected to fixedly subnet gateway 31 then, also can be connected to mobile subnetwork gateway 31 through the wired mode C20 of wired or wireless commentaries on classics.Thereby final sum service layer communicates, and accomplishes the miscellaneous service logic.
In addition, UPS 53_1A and power distribution cabinet 53_1B are smart machines, can directly be linked into controller 41 through wired mode C21, are connected to subnet gateway layer equipment then, through instructing these smart machines of direct control.
Above-mentioned management scene all exists in data center, mobile base station, communications equipment room and other various machine rooms.So the present invention is applicable to these occasions.
Figure 16 is the application sketch map of passive RFID on equipment of the embodiment of the invention.
For neither being installed in rack, be not placed on the equipment on the data center floor yet, and need do not do the assets of Fine Mapping and management, more common now way is to manage through the UHF passive RFID.Among the figure, 161 is that picture pick-up device, 162 is that air-conditioning, 163 is that fire-fighting equipment, 164 is that UPS, 165 is that rack, 166 is that miscellaneous equipment, 167 is a power distribution cabinet.The passive RFID electronic label that a uhf band is arranged on each equipment, the unique identity in the expression assets whole life, and storage required attribute information.These all equipment can be by passive RFID read write line 51_1 and 51_2 Real time identification.Read write line 51_1 and 51_2 are connected to fixedly subnet gateway 32 through wired mode C22 again, and finally accomplish data processing and service logic realization.
In addition, in addition, UPS 53_1A and power distribution cabinet 53_1B are smart machines, can directly be linked into controller 42 through wired mode C21, are connected to subnet gateway 31 then, through instructing these smart machines of direct control.
Figure 17 is the active RFID networking sketch map of the embodiment of the invention.
Wherein 171 is local area network (LAN); 42 is radio network gateway; 52 temperature that have been integrated or/and humidity or/and fluid or/and smog or/and the active RFID electronic label of various transducers such as air pressure or/and electric weight and acousto-optic equipment.
Active RFID also has a very big advantage except the advantage of identification, integrated sensor, that is exactly except using the Wi-Fi mode to transmit the relevant parameter data, can also the networking of MANET mode transmitting information.For the networking mode of Wi-Fi, the standardization of the networking mode of ZigBee, no longer explanation here.What will describe here is a kind of simple directly networking technology of selecting for use in preferred enforcement of the present invention, and the employing communication frequency is MANET and the transfer of data that the wireless self-networking communication module of 433M realizes active RFID.
The networking mode of this module is as shown in the figure.A plurality of radio network gateways 42 (converting the wireless signal of 433M to ethernet signal) directly are connected through netting twine with Ethernet and link.Other modules that the wireless module node monitoring of being scattered is own and peripheral and the signal strength signal intensity between the radio network gateway are judged general distance according to intensity.From nearest directly the linking to each other of radio network gateway, otherwise seek, be connected to the minimum node of number of hops of gateway simultaneously from recently own with radio network gateway.
No representes the wireless module node serial number among the figure, and JP representes that node is connected to radio network gateway and has been total to redirect several times.As can be seen from the figure: 001 and 002 2 nodal distance radio network gateway is nearest, directly links to each other with radio network gateway; 005 and 002 2 nodal distance of 004 distance is similar, and still 002 JP is 0, thus 004 directly link to each other with 002, and finally be connected to radio network gateway.Equally, the range difference of 007 distance 004 and 006 is few, and still 004 JP is that 1,006 JP is 2.So, 007 select through 004 connection come with radio network gateway to linking to each other.By that analogy, form the MANET of whole wireless network.
Figure 18 is the application sketch map of active RFID on equipment and environment of the embodiment of the invention.
Wherein, 42 is radio network gateway; The 51_1 temperature that has been integrated or/and humidity or/and fluid or/and smog or/and the active RFID electronic label of various transducers such as air pressure or/and electric weight and acousto-optic equipment; 181 for having the camera of active RFID electronic label; 182 for having the air-conditioning of active RFID electronic label; 52_2,52_3 are for monitoring the active RFID electronic label of varying environment point; 183 for having the fire protection equipment of active RFID electronic label; 184 for having the UPS of active RFID electronic label; 185 for having the rack of active RFID electronic label; 186 for having the miscellaneous equipment of active RFID electronic label; 187 for having the power distribution cabinet of active RFID electronic label.
On each cabinet external equipment (air-conditioning, UPS, monitoring camera, fire protection equipment, power distribution cabinet etc.) an active RFID electronic label is arranged all, can store the information in each stage in the entire equipment life cycle.Each active RFID all have temperature or/and humidity or/and fluid or/and smog or/and air pressure, can be monitored the environment and the electricity consumption situation of periphery in real time or/and electrical quantity sensor.So the active RFID device that is integrated with transducer can also be used for environmental monitoring and energy consumption monitoring.Can need the point of environmental monitoring and energy consumption monitoring also to dispose an active RFID electronic label in data center as required.
In addition, UPS 53_2A and power distribution cabinet 53_2B are smart machines, can directly be linked into radio network gateway 42 through wireless mode C23, are connected to mobile subnetwork gateway 31 through C31_2 then, through instructing these smart machines of direct control.
Figure 19 be on the networked physics layer Internet of Things of the embodiment of the invention expansion other use sketch mapes.
20 is service layers among the figure, generally is distributed on high in the clouds; Subnet gateway layer equipment refers to mark 30, and according to the network physical space of new construction networking, it is inner to be installed in each subnet.When new Internet of Things need make up; In the business function module 27D of service layer, increase the different service logic processing module; Like intelligent grid module, intelligent transportation module, intelligent logistics module, Smart Home module, environment and safety detection module, industry and automation control module, medical treatment & health module, meticulous farming and animal husbandry module, financial and service trade module, national defense and military module or the like, just can accomplish the Business Processing of new one by one Internet of things system.
Business Processing is prerequisite with the data collection, and data collection will be to various terminal hardware equipment such as different Internet of Things application scenarios design different sensor, rfid interrogator, intelligent terminals.These equipment can both be linked into the wired access point 191A in the subnet 191 that belongs to separately with wired form; Perhaps wireless mode be connected to separately in the subnet at place radio network gateway 42 or via linking radio network gateway 42 behind other active RFID tags 52_1, the 52_2 MANET, form separately single Internet of Things or the Internet of Things of a mixing gradually.
192A is the terminal hardware equipment of the meticulous farming and animal husbandry of signal among the figure; 192B is the terminal hardware equipment of signal Smart Home; 192C is the terminal hardware equipment of signal industry with automation control; 192D is the terminal hardware equipment of signal Defence business; 192E is the terminal hardware equipment of signal intelligent transportation; 192F is the terminal hardware equipment of the intelligent logistics of signal; 192G is the terminal hardware equipment of signal environment and safety detection; 192H is the terminal hardware equipment of signal intelligent grid; 192I is the terminal hardware equipment of signal finance with service trade; 192J is the terminal hardware equipment of signal medical treatment & health.
Whatsoever Internet of Things is used, and all is to be based upon on the basis of wired or wireless communication network.So; On Internet of things system of the present invention and " network Internet of Things " basis; Any terminal hardware (RFID label, read write line, transducer, industry smart machine) of the 12 ten big applications formulated of planning is linked into the network Internet of Things with the mode of network terminal node,, makes all application become an entity by unified management; Form real Internet of Things, rather than industry Internet of Things isolated island independently one by one.The continuous expansion Internet of Things platform from the physical layer to the logical layer of the final formation of expansion that cooperates business function module 27D.
The present invention is provided with equipment through layering; Make Internet of things system be easy to set up and have better flexibility; Take into account fail safe simultaneously, can be widely used in comprising intelligent grid, intelligent logistics, intelligent transportation, Smart Home, environment and safety detection, industry and automation control, medical treatment & health, meticulous farming and animal husbandry, finance and numerous areas such as service trade and Defence business.
Above-mentioned preferred embodiment of the present invention and the institute's application technology principle of being merely, any technical staff who is familiar with the present technique field is in the technical scope that the present invention discloses, and the variation that can expect easily or replacement all should be encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (29)

1. an Internet of things system is characterized in that comprising perception guide layer equipment, subnet gateway, service layer's equipment and view layer equipment;
Said perception guide layer equipment is used for uploading to subnet gateway according to instructing to Internet of Things monitoring article control and obtaining after Internet of Things is monitored the data message of article;
Said subnet gateway is used for processing instruction and passes through network to the said instruction and data information of said service layer device forwards;
The type of service that said service layer equipment is used for using according to Internet of Things sends the data message after handling to said view layer equipment by predetermined configurations processing instruction and data message;
Said view layer equipment and user interactions are used for to said service layer device request data and receive service layer's data showing.
2. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said Internet of things system also comprises passive RFID tags; Said perception guide layer equipment is the passive RFID read write line, and said passive RFID read write line is used for reading said passive RFID tags information to obtain the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article according to the instruction that the instruction of subnet gateway real time down or service layer's equipment issue via subnet gateway.
3. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said Internet of things system also comprises access layer equipment; Said access layer equipment is connected between said perception guide layer equipment and the said subnet gateway through communication interface, is used between subnet gateway and perception guide layer equipment, transmitting the instruction and data information of said Internet of Things monitoring article.
4. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 3; It is characterized in that; Said access layer equipment is a controller; Said Internet of things system also comprises passive RFID tags, and said perception guide layer equipment is passive RFID read write line or smart machine, and said passive RFID read write line is used for obtaining the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article through reading said passive RFID tags information; Said smart machine is uploaded self-operating information through communication interface as the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article; Said controller is used for controlling read write line in real time or smart machine is collected said data message, and with being uploaded to subnet gateway after the said processing data information, said subnet gateway also can directly be controlled read write line or the said data message of smart machine real-time collecting.
5. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 4; It is characterized in that; Said subnet gateway is uploaded to service layer's equipment with said data message, and the data message after said service layer equipment will be handled directly is pushed to data message after said view layer equipment maybe will be handled and returns to said subnet gateway and be pushed to the view layer equipment through network and subnet gateway direct communication by said subnet gateway again.
6. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, the user is through operate indication with said view layer equipment alternately, and said view layer equipment directly or through said service layer equipment issues director data to said subnet gateway;
Said subnet gateway is controlled the data message that said controller is collected said passive RFID read write line/smart machine according to said director data, and the said data message of being gathered directly or via said service layer equipment is pushed to the demonstration of view layer equipment.
7. like claim 2 or 4 described Internet of things system, it is characterized in that said passive RFID read write line comprises module for reading and writing, array antenna, transducer, indicator light and sound device.
8. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 3; It is characterized in that; Said perception guide layer equipment is active RFID tag or the smart machine of supporting radio function; Said access layer equipment is a radio network gateway, and the smart machine of said active RFID tag or support radio function reports said Internet of Things to monitor the data message of article with wireless mode to said radio network gateway via the instruction that subnet gateway issues according to instruction or service layer's equipment of subnet gateway real time down.
9. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 8; It is characterized in that; Said radio network gateway is used for controlling in real time said active RFID tag or supports the smart machine of radio function to collect said data message, and with being uploaded to subnet gateway after the said processing data information.
10. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 9; It is characterized in that; Said subnet gateway is uploaded to service layer's equipment with said data message, and the data message after said service layer equipment will be handled directly is pushed to data message after said view layer equipment maybe will be handled and returns to said subnet gateway and be pushed to the view layer equipment through network and subnet gateway direct communication by said subnet gateway again.
11. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that, the user operates indication alternately through said view layer equipment, and said view layer equipment directly or through said service layer equipment issues director data to said subnet gateway;
Said subnet gateway is controlled the data message that said radio network gateway is collected said active RFID tag or supported the smart machine of radio function according to said director data, and the said data message of being gathered directly or via said service layer equipment is pushed to the demonstration of view layer equipment.
12. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said service layer equipment comprises interface module, data platform and kernel;
Said interface module is used to provide the communication interface for various view layer equipment, subnet gateway;
Said data platform is used for the data message of said Internet of Things monitoring article is carried out special data processing and storage;
The data message that the type of service that said kernel is used for using according to Internet of Things is monitored article by predetermined configurations to said Internet of Things carries out business logic processing.
13. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that, said data platform comprises relational data processing module, spatial data processing module, vector data processing module and document processing module;
Said relation data processing module is used for utilizing relational database that the relation data service is provided according to service logic;
Said spatial data processing module is used for requiring spatial object is analyzed and handled according to service logic;
Said vector data processing module is used for storage and processing vector data;
Said document processing module is used for storage and handles file.
14. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that, said kernel comprises business function module, bus service module, networking service module, security service module, messenger service module and system service module;
Wherein, said business function module is used to different Internet of Things and is set up business datum, the logic of managing business, loaded with traffic interface, resolves service order, hardware parameter is set;
Said networking service module is used for subnet gateway that is connected to said service layer equipment or portable terminal are carried out networking;
Said security service module is used to carry out the safety of internal information, storage, data communication and monitors and be used to carry out the identification and the authentication of hardware device;
Said messenger service module is used for data message that is transferred to other layer equipment or director data are encapsulated or resolve;
Said system service module is used for the configuration information of saved system;
Said bus service module is used for the data interaction of carrying out between said service layer each parts of device interior.
15. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 3; It is characterized in that; Said subnet gateway is mobile subnetwork gateway or fixing subnet gateway, and said mobile subnetwork gateway carries out information transmit-receive through the mobile network, and said fixedly subnet gateway carries out information transmit-receive through the Internet or local area network (LAN).
16. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, said fixedly subnet gateway comprises Access Layer unit, core layer unit and network layer units;
Said Access Layer unit is used for providing the communications of Mobile Terminals interface to service layer's equipment and view layer equipment;
Said core layer unit is used for handling and transmit from the director data of service layer's equipment from access layer equipment or direct data message from the perception guide layer;
Said network layer units is used to provide network communication interface and the data filter service to access layer equipment or perception guide layer equipment;
Said mobile subnetwork gateway comprises services request module, system function module and network communication module;
Said services request module is directly from service layer's device request service, and acceptance pushes the information of coming from service layer;
Said system function module encapsulates, resolves, distributes and carry out and handle Various types of data information to director data;
Said network communication module is used for communicating with the bottom hardware that is linked into subnet gateway.
17. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that said view layer equipment comprises: directly with subnet gateway communicate by letter first portable terminal that is connected, second portable terminal that is connected with the service layer devices communicating, be with the computer of standard web browser or possess the third party device of demonstration and interactive function.
18. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said system is through installing active RFID or passive RFID or being thereby that smart machine makes up and obtains the network Internet of Things with equipment disposition to Internet Service Provider's circuit, equipment, rack, machine room and building environment equipment; On this basis need are carried out the professional related hardware device configuration active RFID of the different industries of Internet of Things management or passive RFID or be to become said network Internet of Things management object as a network terminal node after smart machine makes the professional related hardware device of said different industries insert said Internet Service Provider's network equipment disposition; While said service layer equipment can be expanded installation and be directed against the business datum of the business logic processing module of different business with the professional related hardware device of treatment industry, thereby realizes the expansion of business.
19. Internet of things system as claimed in claim 18; It is characterized in that said business logic processing module comprises: intelligent grid module, intelligent transportation module, intelligent logistics module, Smart Home module, environment and safety detection module, industry and automation control module, medical treatment & health module, meticulous farming and animal husbandry module, finance and service trade module, national defense and military module.
20. the Item Information based on Internet of things system obtains and method for supervising, comprising:
Perception guide layer equipment is controlled and is obtained Internet of Things monitoring article according to instruction and uploads to subnet gateway after Internet of Things is monitored the data message of article;
Subnet gateway is used for processing instruction and passes through network to the said instruction and data information of said service layer device forwards;
Service layer's device processes is instructed and is pressed predetermined configurations processing said data information according to the type of service that Internet of Things is used, and sends the data message after handling to view layer equipment;
View layer equipment and user interactions receive service layer's data and show.
21. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 20 obtains and method for supervising; It is characterized in that said perception guide layer equipment uploads to subnet gateway according to instruction to the control of Internet of Things monitoring article and after obtaining the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article:
Data message that Internet of Things monitor article controlled and obtained to perception guide layer equipment via the instruction that subnet gateway issues to Internet of Things monitoring article according to instruction or service layer's equipment of subnet gateway real time down, and said perception guide layer equipment is through being connected the access layer equipment between said perception guide layer equipment and the said subnet pass or being directly connected to subnet gateway is transmitted data message from said Internet of Things monitoring article to subnet gateway.
22. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 20 obtains and method for supervising; It is characterized in that; Said access layer equipment is a controller, and said Internet of things system also comprises passive RFID tags, and said perception guide layer equipment is passive RFID read write line or smart machine;
Said perception guide layer equipment obtains the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article and uploads to subnet gateway and comprises:
Said passive RFID read write line obtains the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article via the instruction that subnet gateway issues through reading said passive RFID tags information according to instruction or service layer's equipment of subnet gateway real time down; Said smart machine is uploaded self-operating information through communication interface as the data message of Internet of Things monitoring article; Read write line controlled in real time by said controller or smart machine is collected said data message; And with being uploaded to subnet gateway after the said processing data information, said subnet gateway also can directly be controlled read write line or the said data message of smart machine real-time collecting.
23. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 20 obtains and method for supervising, it is characterized in that, the data message after said service layer equipment will be handled sends view layer equipment to and comprises:
Data message after said service layer equipment will be handled directly is pushed to data message after said view layer equipment maybe will be handled and returns to said subnet gateway and be pushed to the view layer equipment through network and subnet gateway direct communication by said subnet gateway again.
24. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 20 obtains and method for supervising; It is characterized in that; The said method step first step also comprised in the past: the user operates indication alternately through said view layer equipment, and said view layer equipment directly or through said service layer equipment issues director data to said subnet gateway;
Said subnet gateway is controlled the data message that said controller is collected said passive RFID read write line read write line/smart machine according to said director data.
25. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 20 obtains and method for supervising; It is characterized in that; Said perception guide layer equipment is active RFID tag or the smart machine of supporting radio function; Said access layer equipment is a radio network gateway; The smart machine of said active RFID tag or support radio function reports said Internet of Things to monitor the data message of article with wireless mode to said radio network gateway via the instruction that subnet gateway issues according to instruction or service layer's equipment of subnet gateway real time down; Said radio network gateway is used for controlling in real time said active RFID tag or supports the smart machine of radio function to collect said data message, and with being uploaded to subnet gateway after the said processing data information.
26. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 25 obtains and method for supervising; It is characterized in that; Said subnet gateway is uploaded to service layer's equipment with said data message, and the data message after said service layer equipment will be handled directly is pushed to data message after said view layer equipment maybe will be handled and returns to said subnet gateway and be pushed to the view layer equipment through network and subnet gateway direct communication by said subnet gateway again.
27. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 25 obtains and method for supervising; It is characterized in that; The user operates indication alternately through said view layer equipment, and said view layer equipment directly or through said service layer equipment issues director data to said subnet gateway;
Said subnet gateway is controlled the data message that said radio network gateway is collected said active RFID tag or supported the smart machine label of radio function according to said director data, and the said data message of being gathered directly or via said service layer equipment is pushed to the demonstration of view layer equipment.
28. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 20 obtains and method for supervising; It is characterized in that; Through Internet Service Provider's circuit, equipment, rack, machine room and building environment equipment being installed active RFID or passive RFID or being thereby that smart machine makes up and obtains the network Internet of Things with equipment disposition; On this basis need are carried out the professional related hardware device configuration active RFID of the different industries of Internet of Things management or passive RFID or be to become said network Internet of Things management object as a network terminal node after smart machine makes the professional related hardware device of said different industries insert said Internet Service Provider's network equipment disposition; While said service layer equipment can be expanded installation and be directed against the business datum of the business logic processing module of different business with the professional related hardware device of treatment industry, thereby realizes the expansion of business.
29. the Item Information based on Internet of things system as claimed in claim 28 obtains and method for supervising; It is characterized in that said business logic processing module comprises: intelligent grid module, intelligent transportation module, intelligent logistics module, Smart Home module, environment and safety detection module, industry and automation control module, medical treatment & health module, meticulous farming and animal husbandry module, finance and service trade module, national defense and military module.
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