CN102785562A - Battery positioning locking and unlocking system of electric vehicle - Google Patents

Battery positioning locking and unlocking system of electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102785562A
CN102785562A CN2012102811007A CN201210281100A CN102785562A CN 102785562 A CN102785562 A CN 102785562A CN 2012102811007 A CN2012102811007 A CN 2012102811007A CN 201210281100 A CN201210281100 A CN 201210281100A CN 102785562 A CN102785562 A CN 102785562A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lock
unlocking
battery
locking
finger
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012102811007A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102785562B (en
Inventor
张春峰
张化锴
杨兵锋
Original Assignee
沈阳中科正方新能源技术有限公司
北京市电力公司北京电力科学研究院
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Application filed by 沈阳中科正方新能源技术有限公司, 北京市电力公司北京电力科学研究院 filed Critical 沈阳中科正方新能源技术有限公司
Priority to CN201210281100.7A priority Critical patent/CN102785562B/en
Publication of CN102785562A publication Critical patent/CN102785562A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102785562B publication Critical patent/CN102785562B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a battery positioning locking and unlocking system of an electric vehicle. The battery positioning locking and unlocking system of the electric vehicle comprises a battery positioning locking part and a battery unlocking part. The positioning locking part comprises a box body and a tray. A wedge-shaped opening is arranged in one end of the box body and the tray is placed in the wedge-shaped opening. The tray is connected with the box body in a clamped way through a locking mechanism. The unlocking part comprises a frame. A connecting arm which is butt-connected with a robot is arranged at the end of the frame. A fixed finger is arranged at the front end of the frame. A slideable finger is additionally arranged. The fixed finger is connected with the slideable finger through a guide rail. The unlocking part is connected with the lock body of the positioning locking part in a clamped and matched way through the fixed finger and the slideable finger, and resists against a connecting rod chuck to open a battery lock to take out a battery after the battery is unlocked. The unlocking process is reverse to the locking process. The battery positioning locking and unlocking system of the electric vehicle has the advantages that the reliability is high, the battery is prevented from being thrown off, the structure is simple, the design is ingenious, the positioning accuracy is high, the disassembling and assembling speed is high and the working efficiency can be greatly improved.

Description

A kind of batteries of electric automobile location locking and system for unlocking
Technical field
The present invention relates to the electric vehicle engineering field, is a kind of batteries of electric automobile location locking and system for unlocking specifically.
Background technology
At present, the continuation of the journey of electronlmobil mainly realizes that through car load charging and replacing battery dual mode wherein, changing battery is to regard battery as detachable device, through separating car body, concentrating the mode of charging, changing the outfit fast to realize.And battery all is to be fixed in the car body of electronlmobil through location and lockable mechanism usually.
Traditional electric automobile battery in place and lockable mechanism mainly comprise casing with hook that is fixed on casing and the locking rod that separates with casing.The device that wherein is used for battery in place mainly comprises casing and the universal ball that plays vertical direction support and positioning action, is used for the gusset of location, battery side.Because the case shell is a plastic product in the battery, so lower, the easy deformation of case rigidity in whole, the friction coefficient on surface is bigger.Adopt universal ball to do local multi-point support and location and exist accuracy of positioning poor, the problem that rolling resistance is big.Locating surface is made with gusset in the battery side in addition, when changing battery, need overcome bigger force of sliding friction, increases the operation resistance so on the one hand, has increased the abrasion of case in the battery on the other hand.The hook that the present in addition batteries of electric automobile location and the latch system of lockable mechanism adopt exists complicated operation to influence the problem of battery altering efficient with the locking rod that separates with casing.
By artificial changing, number of batteries is many when needs are changed battery, and quality is heavy, and it is slow artificially to change speed, poor stability.Also can damage battery box like accident.
Yet a kind of batteries of electric automobile location locking and system for unlocking do not appear in the newspapers as yet.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of batteries of electric automobile to locate locking and system for unlocking, to solve existing batteries of electric automobile location and lockable mechanism complex structure, releasing process is loaded down with trivial details and operates the technical matters of effort to the excessive abrasion of case in the battery.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of batteries of electric automobile location locking and system for unlocking comprise that battery in place lock portion and battery separate latching segment, and the said latching segment of separating is connected with locating lock portion, and battery is carried out locking and release;
Said location lock portion comprises casing and pallet; Said casing one end is provided with open wedge and is equipped with pallet in it; Said pallet fixes with casing through lockable mechanism and is connected; The two ends, the outside of said casing are installed with lock respectively, are provided with latch in the lock; The latch end runs through lock and is connected with the locking handwheel, and the latch front end runs through casing and selvage clamping, outside latch, is arranged with first compression spring; Middle part, said pallet side is installed with lock body, and both ends are installed with selvage respectively; Said lock body is connected with selvage through connecting rod; One end of said connecting rod with place the connecting rod chuck in the lock body affixed, the other end with place in the selvage affixed with top of connecting rod;
The said latching segment of separating comprises a framework, and said framework end is provided with the connecting arm that docks with robot; Said framework front end is provided with a fixed finger, also is provided with a slip finger; Said fixed finger is connected with the finger that slides through guide rail; Said slip finger and guide rail sliding connection are connected with tooth bar on the finger that slides; Be installed with drive motor in the said framework, the mouth of motor is connected with reductor one end, and the reductor other end fixes through wheel and rack and is connected; Also set firmly the contact feeler lever on the said framework, said contact feeler lever be connected near switch;
The said latching segment of separating fixes with the lock body of finger with the location lock portion that slide through fixed finger and is connected, and connects with the connecting rod chuck and to open the battery lock, to after the battery release battery being held out; When carrying out locking and release be inverse process.
Said casing open upper end is provided with wheel shaft, and wheel shaft is provided with the elasticity guide wheel.
Said first compression spring, one end and latch front end draw-in groove butt, the other end and lock inwall butt; Be equipped with second compression spring that is sheathed on the top of connecting rod in the said selvage.
Said connecting rod chuck is " L " type structure; Said connecting rod chuck and lock body sliding connection; Said top of connecting rod and selvage sliding connection.
Said tray bottom is provided with the pulley that cooperates with casing.
Said lock body tip both sides are provided with flanged structure.
Saidly be connected with robot control system near switch.
Also be provided with distance measuring sensor on the said framework, said distance measuring sensor is connected with robot control system.
Said fixed finger is formed in one, and top is hook-like, and the bottom is outstanding column.
Said guide rail is cylindric, and guide rail quantity is at least one; Said guide rail is a sheet, and guide rail quantity is at least one.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1, reliability of the present invention is high, in case promptly with the battery pinning then can not take place battery get rid of take off, problem such as structural distortion.
2, accuracy of positioning of the present invention is high, promptly can satisfy the circuit bonded assembly technical requirements between battery and the car load.
3, of the present invention simple in structure, design ingeniously, releasing process is simply laborsaving.
4, the present invention can help prolonging the service life of case in the battery.
5, battery being fixed on the pallet in groups among the present invention can once pick and place a plurality of batteries when changing battery, increased exponentially the efficient of changing battery.
6, accurate positioning of the present invention, dismounting speed is fast, can increase substantially work efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a location of the present invention lock portion structural representation;
Fig. 2 is a location of the present invention lock portion generalized section;
Fig. 3 is a location of the present invention lock portion schematic top plan view;
Fig. 4 is the latching segment bottom schematic view of separating of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the latching segment schematical top view of separating of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the latching segment left side scheme drawing of separating of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is a location of the present invention lock portion and separate latching segment and combine elevational schematic view;
Fig. 8 is a location of the present invention lock portion and separate latching segment and combine schematic top plan view.
The specific embodiment
Like Fig. 1,2, shown in 3, a kind of batteries of electric automobile location locking and system for unlocking comprise that battery in place lock portion and battery separate latching segment, and the said latching segment of separating is connected with locating lock portion, and battery is carried out locking and release; Said location lock portion comprises: casing 8 and pallet 5; Said casing 8 one ends are provided with open wedge, are equipped with pallet 5 in it; Said pallet 5 fixes with casing 8 through lockable mechanism and is connected; The two ends, the outside of said casing 8 are installed with lock 2 respectively, be provided with in the lock 2 slotting, 12; Latch 12 ends run through lock 2 and are connected with locking handwheel 1, and latch 12 front ends run through casing 8 and selvage 3 clampings, outside latch 12, are arranged with first compression spring 13; Middle part, said pallet 5 sides is installed with lock body 6, and both ends are installed with selvage 3 respectively; Said lock body 6 is connected with selvage 3 through connecting rod 4; One end of said connecting rod 4 with place the connecting rod chuck 7 in the lock body 6 affixed, the other end with place in the selvage 3 affixed with top of connecting rod 10.
Said casing 8 open upper end are provided with wheel shaft, and wheel shaft is provided with the elasticity guide wheel.Said first pressure spring, 13 1 ends and latch 12 front end draw-in groove butts, the other end and lock 2 inwall butts.Be equipped with connecting rod chuck 7 in the said lock body 6, said connecting rod chuck 7 and lock body 6 sliding connections.Said top of connecting rod 10 and selvage 3 sliding connections are equipped with second compression spring 11 that is sheathed on the top of connecting rod 10 in the said selvage 3, said pallet 5 bottoms are provided with the running roller that cooperates with casing 8.Said connecting rod chuck 7 is " L " type structure.Said locking handwheel 1 can be around the rotation of its axis, can be when it rotates to an angle with the stationkeeping of latch 12 in disengaged position so that pallet 5 is separated with casing 8.
In the present embodiment, connecting rod chuck 7, connecting rod 4 and top of connecting rod 10 are fixed together through screw thread.Also can adopt other affixed mode that above-mentioned part is linked together, or they are processed an integral body.Latch 12 is fixed together with locking handwheel 1 usefulness screw.Also can adopt other affixed mode that above-mentioned part is linked together, or they are processed an integral body.
In the present embodiment, battery 9 is being fixed on the pallet 5 in groups, and such advantage is, can when changing battery, once pick and place a plurality of batteries, has so also just increased exponentially the efficient of replacing battery.Casing 8 is connected on the electronlmobil, when being pushed into predeterminated position to pallet 5, is connected in the edge and the inclined-plane engagement that is slidingly installed in lock 2 in-to-in latches 12 outsides that are fixed on the casing 8 of the selvage 3 on the pallet 5.Along with moving of pallet 5; Latch 12 moves to the inside of lock 2; The disengaging of the edge of selvage 3 is meshed with the inclined-plane in latch 12 outsides when continuing mobile pallet 5, and latch 12 is moved into selvage 3 inside under the effect of first pressure spring 13, and at this moment pallet 5 also has been moved into predeterminated position; The planar section of latch 12 and selvage 3 engagements have stoped the disengaging trend of pallet 5 with casing 8.
Like Fig. 4, Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6, a kind of batteries of electric automobile location locking and system for unlocking, the said latching segment of separating comprises a framework, and said framework end is provided with the connecting arm 25 that docks with robot; Said framework front end is provided with a fixed finger 24, also is provided with a slip finger 14; Said fixed finger 24 is connected with the finger 14 that slides through guide rail 15; Said slip finger 14 and guide rail 15 sliding connections are connected with tooth bar 23 on the finger 14 that slides; Be installed with drive motor 18 in the said framework, the mouth of motor 18 is connected with reductor 16 1 ends, and reductor 16 other ends fix with tooth bar 23 through gear 22 and are connected; Also set firmly contact feeler lever 19 on the said framework, said contact feeler lever 19 is connected near switch 20 with first.Said frame inner wall and reductor 16 corresponding positions are provided with second near the spacing of switch 17, the second near switch 17 detection slip fingers 14 and fixed finger 24.
Also be provided with distance measuring sensor 21 on the said framework, said distance measuring sensor 21 is connected with robot control system.Said slip finger 14, fixed finger 24 are formed in one, and top is hook-like, and the bottom is outstanding column.Said guide rail 15 is cylindric, and guide rail 15 quantity are at least one.Said guide rail 15 is a sheet, and guide rail 15 quantity are at least one.
In the present embodiment, like Fig. 7, shown in 8, when needs shift out battery box with battery, when adopting system for unlocking provided by the invention to operate.First sends signal near switch 23 and gives robot control system under the effect of contact feeler lever 19 when system for unlocking is close to battery tray.After control system was sent and removed the locking order, drive motor 18 was through 22 rotations of reductor 16 driven wheels, and gear 22 rotations drive tooth bar 23 translations that are engaged with; Tooth bar 23 drives the slip finger 14 that is fixed together with tooth bar 23 and on guide rail 15, moves.The connecting rod chuck 7 of the planar section B compressing battery box of slip finger 14 moves, and connecting rod chuck 7 drivening rods 4 and top of connecting rod 10 move, and latch 12 ejects selvage 3 inside the most at last, and then has removed the spacing of battery tray and battery box.
The mutual trip of the flange A location of the unci C of finger 14 and the fixed finger 24 of sliding simultaneously and battery box lock body 6, this moment, system for unlocking can be pulled out battery box with battery tray under the driving of robot.And then accomplish the operation of taking out battery, the process of battery tray being put into battery box is the inverse process of aforesaid operations.

Claims (10)

1. a batteries of electric automobile is located locking and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that:
Comprise that battery in place lock portion and battery separate latching segment, the said latching segment of separating is connected with the location lock portion, and battery is carried out locking and release;
Said location lock portion comprises casing and pallet; Said casing one end is provided with open wedge and is equipped with pallet in it; Said pallet fixes with casing through lockable mechanism and is connected; The two ends, the outside of said casing are installed with lock respectively, are provided with latch in the lock; The latch end runs through lock and is connected with the locking handwheel, and the latch front end runs through casing and selvage clamping, outside latch, is arranged with first compression spring; Middle part, said pallet side is installed with lock body, and both ends are installed with selvage respectively; Said lock body is connected with selvage through connecting rod; One end of said connecting rod with place the connecting rod chuck in the lock body affixed, the other end with place in the selvage affixed with top of connecting rod;
The said latching segment of separating comprises a framework, and said framework end is provided with the connecting arm that docks with robot; Said framework front end is provided with a fixed finger, also is provided with a slip finger; Said fixed finger is connected with the finger that slides through guide rail; Said slip finger and guide rail sliding connection are connected with tooth bar on the finger that slides; Be installed with drive motor in the said framework, the mouth of motor is connected with reductor one end, and the reductor other end fixes through wheel and rack and is connected; Also set firmly the contact feeler lever on the said framework, said contact feeler lever be connected near switch;
The said latching segment of separating fixes with the lock body of finger with the location lock portion that slide through fixed finger and is connected, and connects with the connecting rod chuck and to open the battery lock, to after the battery release battery being held out; When carrying out locking and release be inverse process.
2. by described batteries of electric automobile location locking of claim 1 and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that:
Said casing open upper end is provided with wheel shaft, and wheel shaft is provided with the elasticity guide wheel.
3. by described batteries of electric automobile location locking of claim 1 and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that:
Said first compression spring, one end and latch front end draw-in groove butt, the other end and lock inwall butt; Be equipped with second compression spring that is sheathed on the top of connecting rod in the said selvage.
4. by described batteries of electric automobile location locking of claim 1 and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that:
Said connecting rod chuck is " L " type structure; Said connecting rod chuck and lock body sliding connection; Said top of connecting rod and selvage sliding connection.
5. by described batteries of electric automobile location locking of claim 1 and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that:
Said tray bottom is provided with the pulley that cooperates with casing.
6. by described batteries of electric automobile location locking of claim 1 and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that:
Said lock body tip both sides are provided with flanged structure.
7. by the described batteries of electric automobile of claim 1 location locking and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that: saidly be connected with robot control system near switch.
8. by described batteries of electric automobile location locking of claim 1 and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that: also be provided with distance measuring sensor on the said framework, said distance measuring sensor is connected with robot control system.
9. by described batteries of electric automobile location locking of claim 1 and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that: said fixed finger is formed in one, and top is hook-like, and the bottom is outstanding column.
10. by described batteries of electric automobile location locking of claim 1 and system for unlocking, it is characterized in that:
Said guide rail is cylindric, and guide rail quantity is at least one; Said guide rail is a sheet, and guide rail quantity is at least one.
CN201210281100.7A 2012-08-08 2012-08-08 Battery positioning locking and unlocking system of electric vehicle CN102785562B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210281100.7A CN102785562B (en) 2012-08-08 2012-08-08 Battery positioning locking and unlocking system of electric vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210281100.7A CN102785562B (en) 2012-08-08 2012-08-08 Battery positioning locking and unlocking system of electric vehicle

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CN102785562A true CN102785562A (en) 2012-11-21
CN102785562B CN102785562B (en) 2015-07-01

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105047841A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Car battery positioning mechanism
CN106275461A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-04 深圳电航空技术有限公司 The battery box structure of unmanned plane and unmanned plane

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DE10347065A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2005-05-12 Linde Ag Counterweight forklift truck etc. with frame, whose section is shaped to receive accumulator battery block, insertable and removable through lateral aperture
DE102009052525A1 (en) * 2009-11-11 2011-05-12 Ze-Mobility Gmbh & Co. Kg Rechargeable battery for electrically-driven vehicle, has locking device provided for locking battery at battery holder and actuatable by handle, where locking device has locking element that is brought into engagement with battery holder
CN102248880A (en) * 2011-06-03 2011-11-23 许继电源有限公司 Battery box component for electric automobile
CN102248879A (en) * 2011-05-26 2011-11-23 山东电力研究院 Locking mechanism for chassis battery of electric passenger car
WO2012052511A1 (en) * 2010-10-22 2012-04-26 Valeo Securite Habitacle Locking and unlocking device for an electric motor vehicle battery tray
JP2012091726A (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-17 Daimler Ag Battery box mounting structure for vehicles
CN102529667A (en) * 2012-02-15 2012-07-04 亿源动力(北京)科技有限公司 Locking device for vehicle battery box
CN202294211U (en) * 2011-08-31 2012-07-04 昆明船舶设备集团有限公司 Sliding-in bottom battery-taking self-locked type battery quick-change tray device of electric motor coach

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10347065A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2005-05-12 Linde Ag Counterweight forklift truck etc. with frame, whose section is shaped to receive accumulator battery block, insertable and removable through lateral aperture
DE102009052525A1 (en) * 2009-11-11 2011-05-12 Ze-Mobility Gmbh & Co. Kg Rechargeable battery for electrically-driven vehicle, has locking device provided for locking battery at battery holder and actuatable by handle, where locking device has locking element that is brought into engagement with battery holder
WO2012052511A1 (en) * 2010-10-22 2012-04-26 Valeo Securite Habitacle Locking and unlocking device for an electric motor vehicle battery tray
JP2012091726A (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-17 Daimler Ag Battery box mounting structure for vehicles
CN102248879A (en) * 2011-05-26 2011-11-23 山东电力研究院 Locking mechanism for chassis battery of electric passenger car
CN102248880A (en) * 2011-06-03 2011-11-23 许继电源有限公司 Battery box component for electric automobile
CN202294211U (en) * 2011-08-31 2012-07-04 昆明船舶设备集团有限公司 Sliding-in bottom battery-taking self-locked type battery quick-change tray device of electric motor coach
CN102529667A (en) * 2012-02-15 2012-07-04 亿源动力(北京)科技有限公司 Locking device for vehicle battery box

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105047841A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Car battery positioning mechanism
CN105047841B (en) * 2015-07-09 2017-07-11 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 A kind of automobile batteries detent mechanism
CN106275461A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-04 深圳电航空技术有限公司 The battery box structure of unmanned plane and unmanned plane

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