CN102756302A - Operating platform exchange device, laser cutting machine with same and operating method - Google Patents

Operating platform exchange device, laser cutting machine with same and operating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102756302A
CN102756302A CN2012102791709A CN201210279170A CN102756302A CN 102756302 A CN102756302 A CN 102756302A CN 2012102791709 A CN2012102791709 A CN 2012102791709A CN 201210279170 A CN201210279170 A CN 201210279170A CN 102756302 A CN102756302 A CN 102756302A
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workbench
fishback
belt wheel
frame
pair
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CN2012102791709A
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CN102756302B (en
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胡金龙
周鹏飞
翟东升
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Jiangsu Yangli Group Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Yangli Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an operating platform exchange device, a laser cutting machine with same and an operating method, and relates to a warehouse type automatic load and unload device of a double-operating-platform laser cutting machine and an operating method. The operating platform exchange device comprises a framework provided with four upright columns and two operating platforms, entrances and exits of the operating platforms are arranged on the top end surface of the framework in an X direction, feeding ports and discharge ports of the operating platforms are arranged on the right side of the framework in a Y direction, the two operating platforms are movably connected in the framework through the exchange device, the exchange device comprises an operating platform lifting frame and a pair of upper frames, and the two operating platforms are provided with an X-direction roller group and a Y-direction roller group. According to the operating platform exchange device, the laser cutting machine with the same and the operating method, full-automatic loading and unloading are achieved, simultaneously high accuracy positioning can be guaranteed, the loading and unloading can be achieved without damaging, besides, the labor intensity is greatly reduced, and the processing efficiency and quality are improved.

Description

A kind of work-table exchange set, the laser cutting machine that comprises work-table exchange set and method of work
Technical field
The present invention relates to work-table exchange set and comprise the laser cutting machine and the method for work of work-table exchange set, relate in particular to a kind of warehouse style automatic loading and unloading device and method of work of double-workbench laser cutting machine.
Background technology
Along with the requirement of user to Sheet Metal Processing proposition precisionization, high efficiency, laser cutting machine is widely used in the Sheet Metal Processing industry.Laser cutting machine by big, smart, rare equipment in generalization equipment transforming process, the user also progressively improves the requirement of its automaticity.In the prior art, the blanket material loading of laser cutting machine, this two-step of finished product blanking are generally accomplished by manual work, make that labour intensity is big, the time is long, and the precision of people's frock blanket are lower, can cause finished product plate quality to be affected.
The disclosed CN102218601A of the 2011.10.19. of State Intellectual Property Office; The patent documentation of title " laser cutting machine "; Disclose a kind of laser cutting machine (specification the 41st paragraph, Fig. 1,13,14) with upper and lower two cover bins, this patented technology adopts two cover bins; When adopting two cover bins can make a cover bin on-line machining; The staff can be at the enterprising luggage discharge operation of another set of bin, " therefore can in cutting operation, carry out the loading and unloading operation, greatly improve production efficiency ".
That is to say that these technical measures are to be the basis with manual work loading and unloading material, when effect was a workbench job, another workbench can load and unload material, plays time-saving operation.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to above problem, provide a kind of realization full-automatic loading and unloading material, and compact conformation, the work-table exchange set that floor space is little, the laser cutting machine that comprises work-table exchange set and method of work.
The technical scheme of work-table exchange set of the present invention is: comprise framework and two workbench with four root posts, said framework X to top end face have workbench and import and export, with said framework Y to the front have workbench loading and unloading mouth; Said two workbench are movably connected in the said framework through said switch, and said switch comprises worktable lifting frame and a pair of upper frame; Be respectively equipped with X way roller group and Y directional rolling body group on said two workbench;
Be respectively equipped with on said four root posts Z to worktable lifting frame guide rail, worktable lifting frame guide rail on said worktable lifting frame and the said framework flexibly connects, the Z that realizes the worktable lifting frame is to lifting action;
Also be respectively equipped with on said four root posts Z to the upper frame guide rail, a pair of upper frame is separately positioned on the opposite face of end face that said workbench imports and exports and said import and export end face and with said upper frame guide rail and flexibly connects, the Z that realizes said upper frame is to lifting action;
The worktable lifting frame is a double-decker, be respectively equipped with on the worktable lifting frame of double-layer structure X to table slide, be used to flexibly connect the X way roller group of said two workbench; Said worktable lifting frame is provided with window towards the direction of said workbench loading and unloading mouth;
The end face of said upper frame is provided with the upper frame guide rail of Y direction, is used to flexibly connect the Y directional rolling body group of said two workbench.
Said double-deck worktable lifting frame comprises that a pair cross-section is the support body of channel steel shape; The notch of a pair of channel steel shape support body is oppositely arranged; Make two trough rims form the upper and lower of said double-layer structure respectively, said upper strata X to the table slide last notch edges, the X of lower floor that are located at said channel steel shape support body to table slide be located at the following notch edges of said channel steel shape support body; Said window is opened on the bottom land of said loading and unloading mouth direction support body.
The laser cutting machine that comprises switch of the present invention; Said laser cutting machine comprises pedestal; Said pedestal be provided with X to base rail, said two workbench comprise the panel that is made up of riser, said two workbench also are respectively equipped with hook towards the front of said loading and unloading mouth direction;
Said laser cutting machine also comprises lowering or hoisting gear, plate transferring device and storage device;
Said storage device comprises some pallets, and said tray bottom surface is provided with the pallet roller of Y direction motion, and pallet is respectively equipped with the pallet hook towards the two ends of the direction of said lowering or hoisting gear; Said some pallets are located at the top of said upright of frame respectively;
Said plate transferring device comprises transition cross bar, sucker disk seat, sucker lifter plate, up-down lead and some suckers; Said some suckers are located on the bottom surface of said sucker lifter plate, and said up-down lead is located on the end face of said sucker lifter plate; Said sucker disk seat is provided with fairlead, and said sucker lifter plate connects the fairlead on the sucker disk seat through said up-down lead; Sucker disk seat in the said plate transferring device is arranged in the below of said some pallet bottom pallets, is fixedly connected on the framework; Said transition cross bar is provided with Y to the transition guide rail; Said transition cross bar is Y on the column that is fixedly connected on said framework and be in the bottom of said some suckers;
Said lowering or hoisting gear comprises lifting platform and Tuo Liang, said lifting platform end face be provided with Y to drag the beam guide rail, the said beam that drags is movably connected in said lifting platform end face through the said beam guide rail that drags; The said beam that drags is extended with a pair of towing hook towards the front of said framework; Said lowering or hoisting gear is movably connected in said framework Y to the front with workbench loading and unloading mouth.
Said plate transferring device comprises that also fishback and fishback two are to driving mechanism; Position on a column at the said framework back side, below said sucker disk seat is provided with the fishback riser guide;
Said fishback two comprises that to driving mechanism fishback crane, fishback X are to movable stand and fishback X axle rotating drive cylinder; The inboard that the two ends in the front of said fishback crane are provided with a pair of crane ram, a pair of crane ram is provided with slideway; Said fishback crane flexibly connects through the fishback riser guide at the said a pair of crane ram and the said framework back side; Said fishback X is shaft-like to movable stand, and shaft-like fishback X is provided with X to the movable stand ram to the back side of movable stand, and shaft-like fishback X is to the front of movable stand: two ends are provided with a pair of support ear, a pair of support ear inboard is provided with a pair of driving cylinder support; Said fishback X flexibly connects to movable stand ram and the inboard slideway of said fishback crane through X to movable stand, is X to reciprocating motion with respect to said fishback crane;
Said fishback comprises drive rod, rotating shaft, a pair of driving cylinder and some belt wheels unit;
Said belt wheel unit comprises belt wheel mechanism and a pair of belt wheel mechanism supports frame; Said belt wheel mechanism comprises belt wheel one, belt wheel two, driving-belt and minor axis; Said belt wheel mechanism supports frame is the lengthy motion picture shape; Said belt wheel mechanism supports frame is provided with three holes, is respectively: axis is the minor axis connecting hole towards the positive termination of said framework of directions X, towards said fishback X to the drive rod connecting hole of the termination of movable stand, the rotating shaft connecting hole of the said drive rod connecting hole 0.2/10-3/10 extension position of distance; Said belt wheel mechanism is arranged between the said a pair of lengthy motion picture shape belt wheel mechanism supports frame, constitutes a belt wheel unit; Belt wheel two in the said belt wheel mechanism is movably connected on the minor axis connecting hole of a pair of belt wheel mechanism supports frame through said minor axis;
Drive rod connecting hole in said drive rod and each belt wheel unit on the belt wheel mechanism supports frame links to each other;
Said rotating shaft is movably connected between the said a pair of support ear; The rotating shaft connecting hole of the belt wheel mechanism supports frame in said each belt wheel unit and said rotating shaft flexibly connect, and described belt wheel one is movably connected with described rotating shaft;
One end of said driving cylinder connects said drive rod, the other end connects said shaft-like fishback X to the positive driving cylinder support of movable stand;
Each said belt wheel unit is established between the gap of the adjacent riser of said workbench correspondingly.
Said shaft-like fishback X is to the positive a pair of driving cylinder support of movable stand towards the below inclination 30-60 °; Make that a downward end of said driving cylinder and said drive rod is hinged, driving cylinder makes progress an end and said driving cylinder support are hinged.
The method of work of laser cutting machine of the present invention comprises charging, advances blanket and goes out the production board operation; Said two workbench are respectively workbench one and workbench two;
A, said stocking process are: blanket is contained in some pallets of said storage device, places blanket, second half production board vacant, to be installed in the half the pallet;
B, saidly advance the plate operation and may further comprise the steps:
1) according to the processing needs, said lifting platform is risen to a wherein pallet height, stop; Then, drag beam, to said towing hook and said pallet hook overlap joint towards said tray motion; Drag beam to drag said tray motion again, on said tray loading to said lifting platform;
2), lifting platform drops to transition cross bar height; Said fishback drops to the position below the said transition cross bar simultaneously;
3), drag beam towards said transition beam movement, said pallet is delivered on the said transition cross bar;
4), the sucker lifter plate moves downward, to sucker contact blanket and pick up blanket; Then, drag beam to reset, the lifting platform counter motion is sent said pallet back to original position;
5), then, lifting platform drops to worktable lifting frame window height; Simultaneously, upper frame is workbench two jack-up of worktable lifting frame lower floor, makes X that the X way roller of workbench two breaks away from the worktable lifting frame to lower guideway, the Y directional rolling body of the upper frame guide rail of upper frame contact workbench two;
6), drag beam to move, to the workbench hook overlap joint of said towing hook and said workbench two towards said window; Drive said workbench two then and reset, said workbench two is loaded on the lifting platform; Lifting platform rises to the height of said transition cross bar immediately, drags beam that said workbench two is delivered on the said transition cross bar; At this moment, each belt wheel unit of fishback is plugged between the riser of workbench; Sucker puts down the blanket that holds, and fishback rises, the support blanket;
7), fishback is X to motion, conveyer belt is Y to motion, make blanket relatively and workbench accurately locate by designing requirement; Then, said support has the fishback of blanket to descend, and fishback upper conveyor belt end face and said blanket bottom surface break away from; Make said blanket accurately place on the end face of the some risers on the said workbench two;
8), the said moving said workbench two of sill bolt that drags resets, and drops to worktable lifting frame upper layer side plate height immediately; Simultaneously upper frame rises, to upper frame guide rail and Y to drag the beam rail height consistent; Drag beam to promote said workbench two to said upper frame, upper frame descends, and the X way roller contact X that makes said workbench two is to upper rail; Upper frame descends again, is lower than the downward rail height of said X to the upper frame guide rail;
C, go out the production board operation and comprise: this moment is above-mentioned steps then, and workbench two is placed on the upper strata;
1), the worktable lifting frame moves in the Z direction, and is consistent with said base rail height to lower guideway to X, the workbench one on the pedestal along the downward guide rail movement of X to the worktable lifting frame;
The motion of worktable lifting frame, consistent with said base rail height to upper rail to X, workbench two is sent in the pedestal, gets into pedestal processing;
2), lifting platform moves to window height; Drag beam to move, to the workbench hook overlap joint of said towing hook and said workbench one towards said window; Drive said workbench one motion then, the workbench one that will have the finished product plate is loaded on the lifting platform; Lifting platform rises to the height of said transition cross bar immediately, drags beam that said workbench one is delivered on the said transition cross bar, fishback be inserted in finished product sheet material below, each belt wheel unit is plugged between the riser that the Y direction of described workbench one arranges;
3) fishback rises, and finished product sheet material is held up, and makes finished product sheet material break away from the surface of said workbench one;
4), drag beam to reset, lifting platform descends, and said workbench one is returned to X on lower guideway;
5), lifting platform rises to second half ready-made tray height, takes out one of them ready-made tray, drop to transition cross bar height then, and promote the below that this ready-made tray moves to said production board;
6), said fishback drives down upset downwards at driving cylinder, the driving-belt on the fishback rotates simultaneously, the conveying production board is to this ready-made tray, and this ready-made tray is synchronized with the movement dragging under the beam action, until resetting; Extremely said production board places on the said ready-made tray;
7), lifting platform rises, to this ready-made tray height, this ready-made tray is sent back to;
Finish.
Work-table exchange set of the present invention has double-layer structure, can alternately deliver two workbench; One in two workbench when operation is consistent as for the base rail height; Connect through the X way roller group of the X on the worktable lifting frame on guide rail, workbench, drive on the pedestal and process to carrier mechanism (belonging to this area conventional techniques means) by X again; Another workbench then from the switch side window of (framework positive) come in and go out, " quilt " carries out the loading, unloading operation, the Y of workbench Y direction roller set and upper frame to being connected, again by dragging sill bolt to move, carries out Y to mobile to guide rail.The final steady exchange that realizes two workbench.
Laser cutting machine of the present invention makes that manually-operated only is that in batches blanket is carried on the blank pallet of framework upper, production board is in batches come out from the ready-made tray delivery of framework upper through forklift through forklift after having set up lowering or hoisting gear, plate transferring device, storage device on the basis of aforementioned work-table exchange set again; So just alleviate workman's manipulation strength greatly, need not artificial contact plate (some plate requires contactless movement).In addition; Plate transferring device among the present invention can not only be realized the positioning function again of when filling with substance; Can also realize the harmless taking-up (sucker sucking-off) of blanket, harmless pile (the toppling over stacking) function of finished product plate, make plate to be placed on the workbench accurately, and harmless loading and unloading.
The present invention can guarantee hi-Fix when realizing full-automatic loading and unloading, harmless loading and unloading.Alleviate labour intensity greatly, improved working (machining) efficiency and quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of complete machine of the present invention,
Fig. 2 .1 is the structural representation one of middle frame of the present invention,
Fig. 2 .2 is the structural representation two of middle frame of the present invention,
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of lowering or hoisting gear among the present invention,
Fig. 4 .1 is the structural representation of storage device among the present invention,
Fig. 4 .2 is the structural representation of pallet among the present invention,
Fig. 4 .3 is the work relationship sketch map of lowering or hoisting gear and pallet among the present invention,
Fig. 4 .4 is a M place partial enlarged drawing among Fig. 4 .3,
Fig. 5 .1 is the structural representation of plate transferring device among the present invention,
Fig. 5 .2 is the structural representation one of fishback in the plate transferring device of the present invention,
Fig. 5 .3 is the structural representation two of fishback in the plate transferring device of the present invention,
Fig. 5 .4 is the structural representation three of fishback in the plate transferring device of the present invention,
Fig. 5 .5 is the sketch map of fishback different operating position in the plate transferring device of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .1 is the structural representation one of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .2 is the structural representation two of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .3 is the structural representation three of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .4 is the structural representation four of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .5 is the schematic perspective view of lower floor's workbench duty of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .6 is a N place partial enlarged drawing among Fig. 5,
Fig. 6 .7 is lower floor's workbench working state schematic representation one of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .8 is the P place partial enlarged drawing among Fig. 6 .7,
Fig. 6 .9 is lower floor's workbench working state schematic representation two of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .10 is the schematic perspective view of the upper working table duty of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .11 is the upper working table working state schematic representation one of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .12 is the upper working table working state schematic representation two of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .13 is the upper working table exchange work sketch map of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .14 is lower floor's workbench exchange work sketch map of workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 6 .15 is the sketch map of three operating positions of upper frame in the workbench conversion equipment of the present invention,
Fig. 7 .1 is the structural representation that the plate transferring device promotes blanket among the present invention,
Fig. 7 .2 is the structural representation that plate transferring device blanket is located again among the present invention,
Fig. 8 is the structural representation in the production board transhipment among the present invention;
X, Y, Z reference frame have been indicated among Fig. 1;
1 is pedestal among the figure, the 11st, and base rail,
The 2nd, framework, the 21st, column, the 211st, the lifting platform guide rail, the 212nd, worktable lifting frame guide rail, the 213rd, the upper frame guide rail, the 214th, the fishback riser guide, the 22nd, the pallet cross bar, the 221st, tray rail, the 23rd, sucker disk seat, the 231st, fairlead, the 24th, the transition cross bar,
The 3rd, lowering or hoisting gear, the 31st, lifting platform, the 311st, Y to drag the beam guide rail, the 32nd, drag beam, the 321st, towing hook,
The 4th, the plate transferring device, the 41st, the fishback crane, the 42nd, fishback X is to movable stand, 422 driving cylinder supports, the 421st, support ear; The 43rd, sucker lifter plate, the 44th, sucker, the 45th, fishback, the 451st, driving-belt; The 4511st, belt wheel one, 4512nd, belt wheel two, 452nd, bracing frame, the 453rd, rotating shaft; The 454th, driving cylinder, the 455th, drive rod, the 456th, minor axis
The 5th, switch, 51 worktable lifting framves, the 511st, window, the 5121st, X is to upper rail, and the 5122nd, X is to lower guideway, and the 52nd, upper frame, the 521st, the upper frame guide rail,
The 6th, storage device, the 61st, pallet, the 611st, the pallet roller, the 612nd, the pallet hook,
The 71st, workbench one, 72nd, workbench two, 700th, the workbench hook, the 701st, X way roller group, the 702nd, the Y directional rolling body group,
The 8th, blanket, the 81st, production board.
The specific embodiment
Work-table exchange set of the present invention is shown in Fig. 1,2.1-2.2,6.1-6.15: comprise framework 2 and two workbench (workbench 1, workbench 2 72) with four root posts 21; Said framework 2X to top end face have workbench and import and export, with said framework 2Y to the front have workbench loading and unloading mouth; Said two workbench are movably connected in the said framework 2 through said switch 5, and said switch 5 comprises worktable lifting frame 51 and a pair of upper frame 52; Be respectively equipped with X way roller group 701 and Y directional rolling body group 702 on said two workbench;
Be respectively equipped with on said four root posts 21 Z to worktable lifting frame guide rail 212, said worktable lifting frame 51 flexibly connects with worktable lifting frame guide rail 212 on the said framework 2, the Z that realizes worktable lifting frame 51 is to lifting action;
Also be respectively equipped with on said four root posts 21 Z to upper frame guide rail 213; A pair of upper frame 52 is separately positioned on the opposite face of end face that said workbench imports and exports and said import and export end face and with said upper frame guide rail 213 and flexibly connects, and the Z that realizes said upper frame 52 is to lifting action;
Worktable lifting frame 51 is a double-decker, be respectively equipped with on the worktable lifting frame 51 of double-layer structure X to table slide (X to upper rail 5121, X to lower guideway 5122), be used to flexibly connect the X way roller group 701 of said two workbench; Said worktable lifting frame 51 is provided with window 511 towards the direction of said workbench loading and unloading mouth;
The end face of said upper frame 52 is provided with the upper frame guide rail 521 of Y direction, when upper frame 52 rises, is used to flexibly connect the Y directional rolling body group 702 of said two workbench; Three operating positions of its upper frame 52 are shown in Fig. 6 .15, and when working in uppermost position in fig-ure, lower floor's workbench is not in worktable lifting frame 51, or not at apical position.
Said double-deck worktable lifting frame 51 comprises that a pair cross-section is the support body of channel steel shape; The notch of a pair of channel steel shape support body is oppositely arranged; Make two trough rims form the upper and lower of said double-layer structure respectively; Said upper strata X to the table slide last notch edges, the X of lower floor that are located at said channel steel shape support body to table slide be located at the following notch edges of said channel steel shape support body; Form as figure shown in X to upper rail 5121 and X to lower guideway 5122, be respectively applied for and flexibly connect two workbench; Said window 511 is opened on the bottom land of said loading and unloading mouth direction support body; Promptly, be provided with on the direction of lowering or hoisting gear towards the front of framework.
The power source of worktable lifting frame 51, upper frame 52 and power transmission pattern have multiple known technology means to solve to those skilled in the art, repeat no more here.
The laser cutting machine that comprises switch of the present invention; Like Fig. 1,2.1-2.2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 .1-4.4, Fig. 5 .1-5.5, Fig. 6 .1-6.15, Fig. 7 .1-7.2, shown in Figure 8; Said laser cutting machine comprises pedestal 1; Said pedestal 1 be provided with X to base rail 11, said two workbench comprise the panel that is made up of riser, said two workbench also be respectively equipped with towards the front of said loading and unloading mouth direction the hook 700;
Said laser cutting machine also comprises lowering or hoisting gear 3, plate transferring device 4 and storage device 6;
Said storage device 6 comprises some pallets 61, and said pallet 61 bottom surfaces are provided with the pallet roller 611 of Y direction motion, and pallet 61 is respectively equipped with pallet hook 612 towards the two ends of the direction (being the framework frontal) of said lowering or hoisting gear 3; Said some pallets 61 are located at the top of said upright of frame 21 respectively; Support by pallet cross bar 22, pallet cross bar 22 be provided with Y to tray rail, pallet 61 can be located on pallet cross bar 22, is Y to motion;
Said plate transferring device 4 comprises transition cross bar 24, sucker disk seat 23, sucker lifter plate 43, up-down lead and some suckers 44; Said some suckers 44 are located on the bottom surface of said sucker lifter plate 43, and said up-down lead is located on the end face of said sucker lifter plate 43; Said sucker disk seat 23 is provided with fairlead 231, and said sucker lifter plate 43 connects the fairlead 231 on the sucker disk seat 23 through said up-down lead; Sucker disk seat 23 in the said plate transferring device 4 is arranged in the below of said some pallets 61 bottom pallets, is fixedly connected on the framework 2; Said transition cross bar 24 is provided with Y to the transition guide rail; Said transition cross bar 24 is Y on the column that is fixedly connected on said framework 2 21 and be in the bottom of said some suckers 44;
Said lowering or hoisting gear 3 comprise lifting platform 31 with drag beam 32, said lifting platform 31 end faces be provided with Y to drag beam guide rail 311, the said beam 32 that drags is movably connected in said lifting platform 31 end faces through the said beam guide rail 311 that drags; The said beam 32 that drags is extended with a pair of towing hook 321 towards the front of said framework 2; Said lowering or hoisting gear 3 is movably connected in said framework 2Y to the front with workbench loading and unloading mouth; Link to each other through the front of lifting platform guide rail 211 with said framework 2, be implemented in the Z of framework 2 front, top-at the end to motion.
Said plate transferring device 4 comprises that also fishback 45 and fishback two are to driving mechanism; Position on a column 21 at said framework 2 back sides, below said sucker disk seat 23 is provided with fishback riser guide 214;
Said fishback two comprises that to driving mechanism fishback crane 41, fishback X are to movable stand 42 and fishback X axle rotating drive cylinder 454; The inboard that the two ends in the front of said fishback crane 41 are provided with a pair of crane ram, a pair of crane ram is provided with slideway; Said fishback crane 41 flexibly connects through the fishback riser guide 214 at the said a pair of crane ram and said framework 2 back sides; Said fishback X is shaft-like to movable stand 42; Shaft-like fishback X is provided with X to the movable stand ram to the back side of movable stand 42, and shaft-like fishback X is to the front of movable stand 42: two ends are provided with a pair of support ear 421, a pair of support ear 421 inboards are provided with a pair of driving cylinder support 422; Said fishback X flexibly connects to movable stand ram and said fishback crane 41 inboard slideways through X to movable stand 42, is X to reciprocating motion with respect to said fishback crane 41;
Said fishback 45 comprises drive rod 455, rotating shaft 453, a pair of driving cylinder 454 and some belt wheels unit;
Said belt wheel unit comprises belt wheel mechanism and a pair of belt wheel mechanism supports frame 452; Said belt wheel mechanism comprises belt wheel 1, belt wheel 2 4512, driving-belt 451 and minor axis 456; Said belt wheel mechanism supports frame 452 is the lengthy motion picture shape; Said belt wheel mechanism supports frame 452 is provided with three holes, is respectively: axis be directions X towards the minor axis connecting hole of the positive termination of said framework 2, towards said fishback X to the drive rod connecting hole of the termination of movable stand 42, the rotating shaft connecting hole of the said drive rod connecting hole 0.2/10-3/10 extension position of distance; Said belt wheel mechanism is arranged between the said a pair of lengthy motion picture shape belt wheel mechanism supports frame 452, constitutes a belt wheel unit; Belt wheel 2 4512 in the said belt wheel mechanism is movably connected on the minor axis connecting hole of a pair of belt wheel mechanism supports frame 452 through said minor axis 456;
Drive rod connecting hole in said drive rod 455 and each belt wheel unit on the belt wheel mechanism supports frame 452 links to each other;
Said rotating shaft 453 is movably connected between the said a pair of support ear 421; The rotating shaft connecting hole of the belt wheel mechanism supports frame 452 in said each belt wheel unit and said rotating shaft 453 flexibly connect, and described belt wheel 1 is movably connected with described rotating shaft 453;
One end of said driving cylinder 454 connects said drive rod 455, the other end and connects said shaft-like fishback X to the positive driving cylinder support 422 of movable stand 42;
Each said belt wheel unit is established between the gap of the adjacent riser of said workbench correspondingly; To realize " insertion "; Carrying out plate when locating, fishback is done and is risen action again, utilizes the end face of the driving-belt of each unit to support plate; Then through fishback X to the X of movable stand 42 to the Y of motion and driving-belt to motion, realization blanket 8 is with respect to the location again of workbench.
Said shaft-like fishback X is to the positive a pair of driving cylinder support 422 of movable stand 42 towards the below inclination 30-60 °; Make that a downward end and said drive rod 455 end and the said driving cylinder supports 422 hinged, that driving cylinder 454 makes progress of said driving cylinder 454 are hinged.
Driving cylinder 454 mainly is the action that realizes the production board on the fishback 45 81 placement on the ready-made tray 61; Driving cylinder driving comb plate rotates around the axis, and simultaneously, driving-belt is towards the positive motion of framework (Y to); Drag beam 32 drag ready-made tray 61 to Y to motion; Realize plate " toppling over ", avoid mutual friction mutually between a finished product plate and next finished product plate, injured surface.
The power source of aforementioned each motive position and power transmission pattern have multiple known technology means to solve to those skilled in the art, repeat no more here.
The method of work of laser cutting machine of the present invention comprises charging, advances blanket and goes out the production board operation; Said two workbench are respectively workbench 1 and workbench 2 72;
A, said stocking process are: blanket 8 is contained in some pallets 61 of said storage device 6, places blankets 8, second half production boards 81 vacant, to be installed in the half the pallet 61;
B, saidly advance the plate operation and may further comprise the steps:
1) according to the processing needs, said lifting platform 3 is risen to a wherein pallet 61 height, stop; Then, drag beam 32, to said towing hook 321 and said pallet hook 612 overlap joints towards said pallet 61 motions; Drag beam 32 to drag said pallet 61 motions again, said pallet 61 is loaded on the said lifting platform 3;
2), lifting platform 3 drops to transition cross bar 24 height; Said fishback 45 drops to the position of said transition cross bar below 24 simultaneously;
3), drag beam 32 towards 24 motions of said transition cross bar, said pallet 61 is delivered on the said transition cross bar 24;
4), sucker lifter plate 43 moves downward, to sucker 44 contact blankets 8 and pick up blanket 8; Then, drag beam 32 to reset, lifting platform 3 counter motions are sent said pallet 61 back to original position;
5), then, lifting platform 3 drops to worktable lifting frame window 511 height; Simultaneously, upper frame 52 is workbench 2 72 jack-up of worktable lifting frame 51 lower floors, makes X that the X way roller of workbench 2 72 breaks away from the worktable lifting frame to lower guideway, the Y directional rolling body of the upper frame guide rail of upper frame 52 contact workbench two; Like Fig. 6 .5-6.9.(, can realize that the Y of workbench 1 moves to hauling out to scheming at the middle and upper levels) like Fig. 6 .10-6.12 by this step
6), drag beam 32 towards said window 511 motions, to workbench hook 700 overlap joints of said towing hook 321 with said workbench 2 72; Drive said workbench 2 72 then and reset, said workbench 2 72 is loaded on the lifting platform 3; Lifting platform 3 rises to the height of said transition cross bar 24 immediately, drags beam 32 that said workbench 2 72 is delivered on the said transition cross bar 24; At this moment, each belt wheel unit of fishback 45 is plugged between the riser of workbench; Sucker 44 puts down the blanket that holds 8, and fishback 45 rises support blanket 8;
7), fishback 45 is X to motion, conveyer belt 451 is Y to motion, make blanket 8 relatively and workbench accurately locate by designing requirement; Then, said support has the fishback 45 of blanket 8 to descend, and fishback upper conveyor belt 451 end faces and said blanket 8 bottom surfaces break away from; Make said blanket 8 accurately place on the end face of the some risers on the said workbench 2 72;
8), saidly drag beam 32 to drive said workbench 2 72 to reset, drop to worktable lifting frame 51 upper layer side plate height immediately; Simultaneously upper frame 52 rises, to upper frame guide rail 521 and Y to drag beam guide rail 311 highly consistent; Drag beam 32 to promote said workbench 2 72 to said upper frame 52, upper frame 52 descends, and the X way roller 701 contact X that make said workbench 2 72 are to upper rail 5121; Upper frame 52 descends again, is lower than the downward rail height 5122 of said X to upper frame guide rail 521;
C, go out the production board operation and comprise: this moment is above-mentioned steps then, and workbench 2 72 is placed on the upper strata;
1), worktable lifting frame 51 moves in the Z direction, and is highly consistent with said base rail 11 to lower guideway 5122 to X, the workbench 1 on the pedestal 1 along X in lower guideway 5122 moves to worktable lifting frame 51; Like Fig. 6 .14;
51 motions of worktable lifting frame, highly consistent with said base rail 11 to upper rail 5121 to X, workbench 2 72 is sent in the pedestal 1, gets into pedestal 1 processing; Like Fig. 6 .13;
2), lifting platform 3 moves to window 511 height; Drag beam 32 towards said window 511 motions, to workbench hook 700 overlap joints of said towing hook 321 with said workbench 1; Drive said workbench one 71 motions then, the workbench 1 that will have finished product plate 81 is loaded on the lifting platform 3; Lifting platform 3 rises to the height of said transition cross bar 24 immediately; Drag beam 32 that said workbench 1 is delivered on the said transition cross bar 24; Fishback 45 fork is below finished product sheet material 81, and each belt wheel unit is plugged between the riser that the Y direction of described workbench 1 arranges;
3) fishback 45 rises, and finished product sheet material 81 is held up, and makes finished product sheet material 81 break away from the surface of said workbench 1;
4), drag beam 32 to reset, lifting platform 3 descends, and said workbench 1 is returned to X on lower guideway 5122;
5), lifting platform 3 rises to second half ready-made tray 61 height, takes out one of them ready-made tray 61, drop to transition cross bar 24 height then, and promote the below that this ready-made tray 61 moves to said production board 81;
6), said fishback 45 drives down upset downwards at driving cylinder 454, the driving-belt on the fishback 451 rotates simultaneously, conveying production board 81 is to this ready-made tray 61, and this ready-made tray 61 is synchronized with the movement under the effect of dragging beam 32, until resetting; Extremely said production board 81 places on the said ready-made tray 61;
7), lifting platform 3 rises, to this ready-made tray height, this ready-made tray is sent back to;
Finish.

Claims (6)

1. a work-table exchange set comprises framework and two workbench with four root posts, it is characterized in that, said framework X to top end face have workbench and import and export, with said framework Y to the front have workbench loading and unloading mouth; Said two workbench are movably connected in the said framework through said switch, and said switch comprises worktable lifting frame and a pair of upper frame; Be respectively equipped with X way roller group and Y directional rolling body group on said two workbench;
Be respectively equipped with on said four root posts Z to worktable lifting frame guide rail, worktable lifting frame guide rail on said worktable lifting frame and the said framework flexibly connects, the Z that realizes the worktable lifting frame is to lifting action;
Also be respectively equipped with on said four root posts Z to the upper frame guide rail, a pair of upper frame is separately positioned on the opposite face of end face that said workbench imports and exports and said import and export end face and with said upper frame guide rail and flexibly connects, the Z that realizes said upper frame is to lifting action;
The worktable lifting frame is a double-decker, be respectively equipped with on the worktable lifting frame of double-layer structure X to table slide, be used to flexibly connect the X way roller group of said two workbench; Said worktable lifting frame is provided with window towards the direction of said workbench loading and unloading mouth;
The end face of said upper frame is provided with the upper frame guide rail of Y direction, is used to flexibly connect the Y directional rolling body group of said two workbench.
2. a kind of work-table exchange set according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said double-deck worktable lifting frame comprises that a pair cross-section is the support body of channel steel shape; The notch of a pair of channel steel shape support body is oppositely arranged, and makes two trough rims form the upper and lower of said double-layer structure respectively, said upper strata X to the table slide last notch edges, the X of lower floor that are located at said channel steel shape support body to table slide be located at the following notch edges of said channel steel shape support body; Said window is opened on the bottom land of said loading and unloading mouth direction support body.
3. laser cutting machine that comprises the said work-table exchange set of claim 1, said laser cutting machine comprises pedestal, said pedestal be provided with X to base rail, said two workbench comprise the panel that is made up of riser, it is characterized in that,
Said two workbench also are respectively equipped with hook towards the front of said loading and unloading mouth direction;
Said laser cutting machine also comprises lowering or hoisting gear, plate transferring device and storage device;
Said storage device comprises some pallets, and said tray bottom surface is provided with the pallet roller of Y direction motion, and pallet is respectively equipped with the pallet hook towards the two ends of the direction of said lowering or hoisting gear; Said some pallets are located at the top of said upright of frame respectively;
Said plate transferring device comprises transition cross bar, sucker disk seat, sucker lifter plate, up-down lead and some suckers; Said some suckers are located on the bottom surface of said sucker lifter plate, and said up-down lead is located on the end face of said sucker lifter plate; Said sucker disk seat is provided with fairlead, and said sucker lifter plate connects the fairlead on the sucker disk seat through said up-down lead; Sucker disk seat in the said plate transferring device is arranged in the below of said some pallet bottom pallets, is fixedly connected on the framework; Said transition cross bar is provided with Y to the transition guide rail; Said transition cross bar is Y on the column that is fixedly connected on said framework and be in the bottom of said some suckers;
Said lowering or hoisting gear comprises lifting platform and Tuo Liang, said lifting platform end face be provided with Y to drag the beam guide rail, the said beam that drags is movably connected in said lifting platform end face through the said beam guide rail that drags; The said beam that drags is extended with a pair of towing hook towards the front of said framework; Said lowering or hoisting gear is movably connected in said framework Y to the front with workbench loading and unloading mouth.
4. laser cutting machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that, said plate transferring device comprises that also fishback and fishback two are to driving mechanism; Position on a column at the said framework back side, below said sucker disk seat is provided with the fishback riser guide;
Said fishback two comprises that to driving mechanism fishback crane, fishback X are to movable stand and fishback X axle rotating drive cylinder; The inboard that the two ends in the front of said fishback crane are provided with a pair of crane ram, a pair of crane ram is provided with slideway; Said fishback crane flexibly connects through the fishback riser guide at the said a pair of crane ram and the said framework back side; Said fishback X is shaft-like to movable stand, and shaft-like fishback X is provided with X to the movable stand ram to the back side of movable stand, and shaft-like fishback X is to the front of movable stand: two ends are provided with a pair of support ear, a pair of support ear inboard is provided with a pair of driving cylinder support; Said fishback X flexibly connects to movable stand ram and the inboard slideway of said fishback crane through X to movable stand, is X to reciprocating motion with respect to said fishback crane;
Said fishback comprises drive rod, rotating shaft, a pair of driving cylinder and some belt wheels unit;
Said belt wheel unit comprises belt wheel mechanism and a pair of belt wheel mechanism supports frame; Said belt wheel mechanism comprises belt wheel one, belt wheel two, driving-belt and minor axis; Said belt wheel mechanism supports frame is the lengthy motion picture shape; Said belt wheel mechanism supports frame is provided with three holes, is respectively: axis is the minor axis connecting hole towards the positive termination of said framework of directions X, towards said fishback X to the drive rod connecting hole of the termination of movable stand, the rotating shaft connecting hole of the said drive rod connecting hole 0.2/10-3/10 extension position of distance; Said belt wheel mechanism is arranged between the said a pair of lengthy motion picture shape belt wheel mechanism supports frame, constitutes a belt wheel unit; Belt wheel two in the said belt wheel mechanism is movably connected on the minor axis connecting hole of a pair of belt wheel mechanism supports frame through said minor axis;
Drive rod connecting hole in said drive rod and each belt wheel unit on the belt wheel mechanism supports frame links to each other;
Said rotating shaft is movably connected between the said a pair of support ear; The rotating shaft connecting hole of the belt wheel mechanism supports frame in said each belt wheel unit and said rotating shaft flexibly connect, and described belt wheel one is movably connected with described rotating shaft;
One end of said driving cylinder connects said drive rod, the other end connects said shaft-like fishback X to the positive driving cylinder support of movable stand;
Each said belt wheel unit is established between the gap of the adjacent riser of said workbench correspondingly.
5. laser cutting machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that, said shaft-like fishback X is to the positive a pair of driving cylinder support of movable stand towards the below inclination 30-60 °; Make that a downward end of said driving cylinder and said drive rod is hinged, driving cylinder makes progress an end and said driving cylinder support are hinged.
6. the method for work of the said laser cutting machine of claim 3 is characterized in that, comprises charging, advances blanket and goes out the production board operation; Said two workbench are respectively workbench one and workbench two;
A, said stocking process are: blanket is contained in some pallets of said storage device, places blanket, second half production board vacant, to be installed in the half the pallet;
B, saidly advance the plate operation and may further comprise the steps:
1) according to the processing needs, said lifting platform is risen to a wherein pallet height, stop; Then, drag beam, to said towing hook and said pallet hook overlap joint towards said tray motion; Drag beam to drag said tray motion again, on said tray loading to said lifting platform;
2), lifting platform drops to transition cross bar height; Said fishback drops to the position below the said transition cross bar simultaneously;
3), drag beam towards said transition beam movement, said pallet is delivered on the said transition cross bar;
4), the sucker lifter plate moves downward, to sucker contact blanket and pick up blanket; Then, drag beam to reset, the lifting platform counter motion is sent said pallet back to original position;
5), then, lifting platform drops to worktable lifting frame window height; Simultaneously, upper frame is workbench two jack-up of worktable lifting frame lower floor, makes X that the X way roller of workbench two breaks away from the worktable lifting frame to lower guideway, the Y directional rolling body of the upper frame guide rail of upper frame contact workbench two;
6), drag beam to move, to the workbench hook overlap joint of said towing hook and said workbench two towards said window; Drive said workbench two then and reset, said workbench two is loaded on the lifting platform; Lifting platform rises to the height of said transition cross bar immediately, drags beam that said workbench two is delivered on the said transition cross bar; At this moment, each belt wheel unit of fishback is plugged between the riser of workbench; Sucker puts down the blanket that holds, and fishback rises, the support blanket;
7), fishback is X to motion, conveyer belt is Y to motion, make blanket relatively and workbench accurately locate by designing requirement; Then, said support has the fishback of blanket to descend, and fishback upper conveyor belt end face and said blanket bottom surface break away from; Make said blanket accurately place on the end face of the some risers on the said workbench two;
8), the said moving said workbench two of sill bolt that drags resets, and drops to worktable lifting frame upper layer side plate height immediately; Simultaneously upper frame rises, to upper frame guide rail and Y to drag the beam rail height consistent; Drag beam to promote said workbench two to said upper frame, upper frame descends, and the X way roller contact X that makes said workbench two is to upper rail; Upper frame descends again, is lower than the downward rail height of said X to the upper frame guide rail;
C, go out the production board operation and comprise: this moment is above-mentioned steps then, and workbench two is placed on the upper strata;
1), the worktable lifting frame moves in the Z direction, and is consistent with said base rail height to lower guideway to X, the workbench one on the pedestal along the downward guide rail movement of X to the worktable lifting frame;
The motion of worktable lifting frame, consistent with said base rail height to upper rail to X, workbench two is sent in the pedestal, gets into pedestal processing;
2), lifting platform moves to window height; Drag beam to move, to the workbench hook overlap joint of said towing hook and said workbench one towards said window; Drive said workbench one motion then, the workbench one that will have the finished product plate is loaded on the lifting platform; Lifting platform rises to the height of said transition cross bar immediately, drags beam that said workbench one is delivered on the said transition cross bar, fishback be inserted in finished product sheet material below, each belt wheel unit is plugged between the riser that the Y direction of described workbench one arranges;
3) fishback rises, and finished product sheet material is held up, and makes finished product sheet material break away from the surface of said workbench one;
4), drag beam to reset, lifting platform descends, and said workbench one is returned to X on lower guideway;
5), lifting platform rises to second half ready-made tray height, takes out one of them ready-made tray, drop to transition cross bar height then, and promote the below that this ready-made tray moves to said production board;
6), said fishback drives down upset downwards at driving cylinder, the driving-belt on the fishback rotates simultaneously, the conveying production board is to this ready-made tray, and this ready-made tray is synchronized with the movement dragging under the beam action, until resetting; Extremely said production board places on the said ready-made tray;
7), lifting platform rises, to this ready-made tray height, this ready-made tray is sent back to;
Finish.
CN201210279170.9A 2012-08-07 2012-08-07 Operating platform exchange device, laser cutting machine with same and operating method Active CN102756302B (en)

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CN107662784A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-06 江苏扬力数控机床有限公司 One kind automation sheet material feed bin
CN111623934A (en) * 2019-08-02 2020-09-04 深圳市远望工业自动化设备有限公司 Control method of workbench exchange mechanism and mass spectrum leakage detection equipment
CN111623934B (en) * 2019-08-02 2022-04-22 深圳市远望工业自动化设备有限公司 Control method of workbench exchange mechanism and mass spectrum leakage detection equipment
CN113399845A (en) * 2021-05-27 2021-09-17 安徽中科春谷激光产业技术研究院有限公司 Laser cutting device
CN113399845B (en) * 2021-05-27 2022-12-20 安徽中科春谷激光产业技术研究院有限公司 Laser cutting device
CN113695751A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-11-26 深圳泰德激光科技有限公司 Laser marking equipment
CN115401347A (en) * 2022-09-01 2022-11-29 江苏库米特激光智能装备有限公司 Laser cutting machine supporting table with classified blanking function and using method thereof
CN115401347B (en) * 2022-09-01 2023-10-13 江苏库米特激光智能装备有限公司 Laser cutting machine supporting table with sorting and discharging functions and using method thereof

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Patentee before: Jiangsu Yangli Group Co., Ltd.