CN102704929B - Digging and anchoring machine integrated with digging, anchoring and drilling - Google Patents

Digging and anchoring machine integrated with digging, anchoring and drilling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102704929B
CN102704929B CN201210223037.1A CN201210223037A CN102704929B CN 102704929 B CN102704929 B CN 102704929B CN 201210223037 A CN201210223037 A CN 201210223037A CN 102704929 B CN102704929 B CN 102704929B
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China
Prior art keywords
chassis
bolter
cutting means
link
loading attachment
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CN201210223037.1A
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CN102704929A (en
Inventor
刘飞香
程永亮
郑大桥
刘在政
肖前龙
麻成标
刘金书
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China Railway Construction Heavy Industry Group Co Ltd
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China Railway Construction Heavy Industry Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a digging and anchoring machine integrated with digging, anchoring and drilling. The digging and anchoring machine comprises a chassis, a cutting device, a top anchor rod machine, an advanced drilling machine, a loading device, a shield support, a ventilating dust removal device and a conveying mechanism which are arranged on the chassis and also comprises a matched trolley which is connected with the rear end of the chassis, wherein the cutting device is arranged at the front end of the chassis; a shield is arranged above the chassis and is positioned behind the cutting device; the top anchor rod machine is arranged at the rear end of the chassis; the loading device is arranged below the cutting device; the advanced drilling machine is arranged on the loading device; the ventilating dust removal device is arranged above the loading device; the conveying mechanism is arranged on the loading device; and a transfer conveyer and a side anchor rod machine which are connected with the conveying mechanism on the chassis are arranged on the matched trolley. The digging and anchoring machine integrated digging, anchoring and drilling has multiple functions and is high in efficiency.

Description

A kind of pick anchor bores integrated anchor driving machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to coal mine roadway driving, exploitation and supporting machine, be specifically related to a kind of pick anchor and bore integrated anchor driving machine.
Background technology
At present, the support work after development machine tunnelling, is an arduous complexity and the extremely low work of efficiency, and its main cause is that the split type work of development machine and roof-bolter has caused a large amount of time wastes, and effective time ratio is little; Existing roof-bolter is manually beaten anchor pole, and not only labor intensive is large, efficiency is low, and safety is difficult to ensure.Although import equipment can realize driving and supporting parallel operations, because device height is integrated, the restriction of objective factor such as not in time of complex structure, expensive, after-sale service, its usage ratio in coal in China industry is not high.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide the pick anchor that a kind of function is many, efficiency is high and bores integrated anchor driving machine.
The technical scheme that realizes the object of the invention employing is:
Pick anchor bores integrated anchor driving machine and comprises chassis, is located at cutting means, top roof-bolter, leading rig, loading attachment, shield, ventilating dust-arrester, conveying mechanism on chassis; Also comprise the supporting dolly being connected with the extreme end of chassis; Cutting means is located at the front end on chassis, shield is located at the top on chassis, be positioned at cutting means after, top roof-bolter is located at the rear end on chassis, loading attachment is located at the below of cutting means, and leading rig is located on loading attachment, and ventilating dust-arrester is located at the top of loading attachment, conveying mechanism is located on loading attachment, and supporting dolly is provided with transfer conveyor and the side roof-bolter being connected with conveying mechanism on chassis.
Described chassis adopts the crawler travel structure of two-wheeled one band; Described cutting means comprises by motor-driven cylinder, the two ends of cylinder employing stretching structure; Described anchor pole mechanism comprises top roof-bolter and side roof-bolter, and top roof-bolter is movably installed on chassis, and side roof-bolter is movably installed on supporting dolly; Described leading rig is hinged on loading attachment by link; Described shield adopts fence structure, by vertical oil cylinder, is connected with chassis, between the fence of both sides and middle fence, is provided with horizontal oil cylinder; Described ventilating dust-arrester is positioned at the top of cutting means, by oil cylinder, is connected on chassis.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, chassis adopts the creeper undercarriage of two-wheeled one band, can reduce complete machine and height of C.G., convenient transportation;
2, adopt whole shield supporting, ensure operating personnel's construction safety, roof-bolter is placed in after shield, can realize pick anchor and carry out simultaneously, greatly improve drivage efficiency;
3, adopt a plurality of tops roof-bolter and side roof-bolter, can realize one-time positioning anchor net, save and beat the anchor pole time;
4, supporting dolly is placed anchor pole, anchor net and transfer conveyor etc., has improved workman's operating space, has guaranteed safety.5, transfer conveyor afterbody can be adjusted conveying height up and down, and left and right adjusting conveying angle, facilitates the transhipment of material.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is axonometric drawing of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is internal construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is shield contraction structure schematic diagram in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the cylinder schematic diagram of cutting means in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is cutting means scheme of installation in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the connection diagram of top roof-bolter in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of top roof-bolter in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the scheme of installation of leading rig in the present invention.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of side roof-bolter in the present invention.
The specific embodiment
See Fig. 1-Fig. 3, pick anchor bores integrated anchor driving machine and comprises chassis 1, is located at the One On The Chassis cutting means 3, top roof-bolter 10, leading rig 2, loading attachment 4, shield 5, ventilating dust-arrester 7, conveying mechanism 8; Also comprise the supporting dolly 6 being connected with 1 rear end, chassis; Cutting means 3 is located at the front end on chassis 1, and shield 5 is located at the top on chassis 1, be positioned at cutting means 3 after; Top roof-bolter 10 is located at the rear end on chassis 1, loading attachment 4 is located at the below of cutting means 3, leading rig 2 is located on loading attachment 4, ventilating dust-arrester 8 is located at the top of loading attachment 4, conveying mechanism 8 is located on loading attachment 4, and supporting dolly 6 is provided with transfer conveyor 9 and the side roof-bolter 11 being connected with the One On The Chassis conveying mechanism 8.
Wherein chassis 1 adopts two-wheeled crawler travel structure, can reduce complete machine height; Conveying mechanism 8 is positioned at the top on chassis 1, is connected and fixed by bearing pin 14 with chassis 1, and loading attachment 4 is positioned at the below of cutting means 3, is connected by bearing pin 12 with conveying mechanism 8.
Ventilating dust-arrester 7 be mainly used in that dust to producing in tunneling process filters and by fresh air conveying in coal road, it is positioned at the top of cutting means 3, by oil cylinder 15, is connected on chassis 1, can carry out elevating movement and adjust position.
See Fig. 4, shield 5 is mainly used in not carrying out provisional protection to doing the cut face of supporting.Shield 5 adopts fence structure, by vertical oil cylinder 13, be connected with chassis 1, can shrink up and down, between the fence 501 of both sides and middle fence 502, be provided with horizontal oil cylinder 20, in the time of headwork, shield 5 launches full cut section to protect, in complete machine transportation, shield 5 can stretch in left and right directions folding and unfolding by horizontal oil cylinder 20, reduce transportation clearance, guarantee car load turning smoothly, except as supporting, the lift-up device that also can be used for anchor net, fixes anchor net with roof-bolter, to carry out anchor pole operation afterwards.
See Fig. 5, cutting means 3 comprises by motor-driven cylinder, and the two ends of cylinder adopt stretching structure, to increase cut area, for increasing work efficiency.Cylinder comprises resting barrel 301 and movable drum 302, movable drum 302 is located in the two ends of resting barrel 301, between resting barrel 301 and movable drum 302, be provided with oil cylinder 303, under the effect of oil cylinder 303, movable drum 302 can stretch out or retract in resting barrel 301.See Fig. 6, cutting means is connected with slippage frame 21 with bearing pin 19 by oil cylinder 18, and oil cylinder 18 rotates around bearing pin 19 for lifting cutting means simultaneously, and slippage frame 21 is placed on chassis 1 by slippage guide rod 22, and moves forward and backward by slotting oil cylinder 23 promotion slippage framves 21.
See Fig. 7, Fig. 8, top roof-bolter 10 is movably installed on chassis 1, for adjusting the position of anchor pole; Top roof-bolter 10 is connected with chassis 1 by link 16, and link 16 is welded on chassis, and top roof-bolter 10 is realized left-right rotation by oil cylinder 26, by oil cylinder 27, is realized swing and is connected with link 16.
See Fig. 9, leading rig 2 is installed on loading attachment 4 by link 24, and link 24 is hinged by bearing pin 25 and loading attachment 4, can rotate forward, and leading rig 2 is connected with link 24 by bolt.Leading rig is mainly used in detecting water by pilot hole, and leading rig, when headwork, can play temporary lining.
Side roof-bolter is movably installed on supporting dolly, sees Figure 10, and side roof-bolter 11 is connected with supporting dolly 6 by link 17, and link 17 is welded on supporting dolly 6, and side roof-bolter 11 is connected with link 17 by two slewing equipments in 90 ° 28,29; Side roof-bolter 11 can swing up and down along link 17, and rotates around link 17, while not working, side roof-bolter 11 half-twists can be retracted in supporting dolly 6.
Described supporting dolly be positioned at anchor driving machine after, can independent ambulation, except being provided with side roof-bolter, also can be used for loading and transporting anchor net and anchor pole, operating personnel can utilize it as working platform, upwards to place anchor net.
Its course of work is: before headwork, if excavation face need to be visited water operation, first start leading rig 2 and after half-twist, visit water conservancy project work forward, then according to actual conditions, carry out excavation operation.When cutting means 3 carries out excavation operation, open ventilating dust-arrester 7, loading attachment 4 packs the material under cut into conveying mechanism 8, conveying mechanism 8 is transported to material on transfer conveyor 9 again, transfer conveyor 9 is transported to material in shuttle car or belt conveyor and transports tunnel by the angle of adjusting self, meanwhile chassis 1 walking is in halted state, and shield 5 use oil cylinder 13 jackings are got up to carry out the protection of cut face, in shield 5 jacking processes, operating personnel place fitting with top cut face of shield 5 below by anchor net, then open top roof-bolter 10 and play anchor pole work, side roof-bolter 11 on supporting dolly 6 also carries out anchor pole operation simultaneously, when the operation of pick anchor completes after a circulation, complete machine moves forward and enters next duty.

Claims (1)

1. pick anchor bores an integrated anchor driving machine, it is characterized in that: comprise chassis, be located at cutting means, top roof-bolter, leading rig, loading attachment, shield, ventilating dust-arrester, conveying mechanism on chassis; Also comprise the supporting dolly being connected with the extreme end of chassis; Cutting means is located at the front end on chassis, shield is located at the top on chassis, be positioned at cutting means after, top roof-bolter is located at the rear end on chassis, loading attachment is located at the below of cutting means, and leading rig is located on loading attachment, and ventilating dust-arrester is located at the top of loading attachment, conveying mechanism is located on loading attachment, and supporting dolly is provided with transfer conveyor and the side roof-bolter being connected with conveying mechanism on chassis; Described chassis adopts two-wheeled crawler travel structure; Described cutting means comprises by motor-driven cylinder, the two ends of cylinder employing stretching structure; Described leading rig is hinged on loading attachment by link; Described shield adopts fence structure, by vertical oil cylinder, is connected with chassis, between the fence of both sides and middle fence, is provided with horizontal oil cylinder; Described ventilating dust-arrester is positioned at the top of cutting means, by oil cylinder, is connected on chassis; Described side roof-bolter is connected with supporting dolly by link, and link is welded on supporting dolly, and side roof-bolter is connected with link by two slewing equipments in 90 °, can swing up and down along link, and rotate around link.
CN201210223037.1A 2012-06-29 2012-06-29 Digging and anchoring machine integrated with digging, anchoring and drilling Active CN102704929B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN108104853A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-01 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of full-automation Zuan Mao Operation Vans

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CN103277101A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-09-04 北方重工集团有限公司 Hard-rock tunnel mining machine for coal mine
CN104358568B (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-08-24 杨晓斌 Utilize the pick anchor device of helix drum collection coal
CN104533408B (en) * 2014-12-31 2017-02-22 闫振东 Large-width comprehensive coal road driving anchor machine with simultaneous drifting function
CN104912554B (en) * 2015-06-18 2017-01-11 北京华创矿安科技有限公司 Under-pressure self-moving excavation and support unit and under-pressure self-moving method
CN106593437A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-04-26 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Digging, supporting, anchoring and drilling all-in-one fully-mechanized excavating machine
CN106958451B (en) * 2017-05-12 2019-04-19 河南理工大学 A kind of coal mine roadway driving auxiliary shoring device
CN107178382A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-09-19 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of horizontal jet
CN108222928A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-06-29 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Simultaneous drifting, the anchor driving machine for realizing pick anchor parallel operations
CN109989779B (en) * 2019-01-15 2020-08-18 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Temporary support system integrating automatic net laying, dust removal device and advancing function
CN109989749B (en) * 2019-01-15 2020-08-18 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Temporary support device with wet dust removal function for tunneling and anchoring integrated machine
CN110318750A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-10-11 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 A kind of caterpillar chassis with slipping mechanism
CN110242343A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-09-17 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 A kind of dust-extraction unit for anchor driving machine
CN111425214A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-07-17 沈阳北方重矿机械有限公司 Full-section quick vertical anchoring and protecting tunneling and anchoring machine
CN113338978B (en) * 2021-06-28 2023-05-09 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Dig integrative device of anchor of advance support
CN113374475A (en) * 2021-06-28 2021-09-10 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Exploring, digging, supporting and transporting integrated machine

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Address after: 410100 No. 88 Dongqi Road, Changsha Economic and Technological Development Zone, Changsha City, Hunan Province

Patentee after: China Railway Construction Heavy Industry Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 410100 Changsha economic and Technological Development Zone, Hunan, No. 88 East Road, No. seven

Patentee before: China Railway Construction Heavy Industry Co.,Ltd.