CN102635937B - Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying - Google Patents

Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102635937B
CN102635937B CN2012101364665A CN201210136466A CN102635937B CN 102635937 B CN102635937 B CN 102635937B CN 2012101364665 A CN2012101364665 A CN 2012101364665A CN 201210136466 A CN201210136466 A CN 201210136466A CN 102635937 B CN102635937 B CN 102635937B
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China
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chamber
tuning
tube
combustion chamber
vaporizer
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012101364665A
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CN102635937A (en
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刘善华
单晓昌
邓连友
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刘善华
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Priority to CN2012101364665A priority Critical patent/CN102635937B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a water heater capable of combusting and gasifying. An annular air funnel is horizontally designed along the peripheral direction of the middle lower part of the gasification chamber, and the outer ring of the air funnel is provided with ventilation holes; the gasification chamber is designed with a feeding hopper and an ash discharging hopper penetrating through the water jacket structure, and the side wall in the middle part of the case body of the gasification chamber is provided with a heat energy nozzle; the heat energy nozzle is communicated with the gasification chamber and a combustion chamber, and the side wall of the combustion chamber is connected with an air inlet port penetrating through the case body wall; the top part of the combustion chamber is communicated with an upper directional chamber in the upper part of the case body through a plurality of cooling tubes, and a fume exhaust horizontal tube connected with the side wall of the upper directional chamber penetrates through the case body; and the water jacket structure communicating with the jacket of the gasification chamber is arranged among the combustion chamber, the upper directional chamber, the heat cooling tube and the case body. Gasification and combustion can be finished at the same time according to the water heater provided by the invention, the heat efficiency is high, the heat energy conversion of solid fuel can be adequately utilized, the water heater has a wide scope of fuel usage, and soot as well as biomass fuel can be used for supplying the heat energy.

Description

And gasification water heater
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of thermal energy conversion device, relate in particular to the water heater that thermal power transfer is carried out in a kind of solid fuel direct combustion, gasification burning simultaneously.
Background technology
Water heater is equipment commonly used in people's daily life, water heater take solid fuel as the energy, the general direct combustion form that adopts, fuel is placed on fire grate, blower fan is air blast under fire grate, flame heat conduction furnace wall in burner hearth or heat exchanger tube radiations heat energy improve the temperature of water, volume falls into grey chamber less than fixed carbon moment in fire grate gap, the fuel gas such as the carbon monoxide that fuel at high temperature generates, hydrogen, methane are carried by flue dust and enter atmosphere, not only waste energy but also cause atmosphere pollution.In recent years, along with the develop rapidly of biomass gasification technology, people start to research and develop solid fuel and in same device, discharge the water heater of whole heat energy, and this water heater is energy-conservation but also environmental protection not only.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of solid fuel carries out thermal cracking, fuel gas buring, heat energy and discharges the atmospheric hot-water boiler that makes temperature of cold water rises in same device.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows for achieving the above object:
A kind of and gasification water heater, its agent structure is a seal case, casing one side is vaporizer, gasification locular wall and box body wall form jacket structure for water, it is characterized in that: the circumferential level in vaporizer middle and lower part is designed with the air funnel of annular, the air funnel border has wind pushing hole, and wind pushing hole opening level is towards the vaporizer middle part; Air funnel is connected with air blast by the ajutage that passes jacket structure for water; Vaporizer is designed with the feed hopper that passes jacket structure for water and goes out ash bucket, feed hopper and go out ash bucket respectively by feed hopper door and the sealing of ash discharge sluice gate; Vaporizer is positioned on the sidewall in the middle part of casing and has the heat energy nozzle, and the heat energy nozzle is positioned at the top of air funnel; The heat energy nozzle stretches out vaporizer one end and is connected with the combustion chamber of sealing, the heat energy nozzle is communicated with vaporizer with combustion chamber, on sidewall of combustion chamber, be connected with the air inlet that passes box body wall, the below, combustion chamber is bucket-shaped combustion chamber soleplate, and combustion chamber soleplate goes out ash bucket with combustion chamber and is connected; Top of combustion chamber is by the upper tuning chamber conducting on branched radiating tube and casing top, and upper tuning chamber is case structure independently, and top, upper tuning chamber is sealed by upper tuning room cover plate, and the smoke-out cross tube that is connected on the sidewall of tuning chamber passes casing; Jacket structure for water for being communicated with the vaporizer water jacket between combustion chamber, upper tuning chamber, radiating tube and casing, have the cold water inlet pipe at casing one side-lower, above the casing opposite side, has the hot water outlet pipe.
Above-mentioned a kind of and gasification water heater, it is characterized in that: upper tuning is indoor is designed with vertical upper tuning chamber dividing plate near smoke-out cross tube one side, upper tuning chamber dividing plate is divided into independently two parts by upper tuning chamber, upper tuning chamber is connected with the lower tuning chamber of below by radiating tube with the part that smoke-out cross tube completely cuts off, lower tuning chamber is independent case structure, its bottom is bucket-shaped lower tuning chamber base plate, and lower tuning chamber base plate goes out ash bucket with lower tuning chamber and is connected; The part that upper tuning chamber communicates with smoke-out cross tube also communicates with lower tuning chamber by radiating tube; On the outer wall of combustion chamber and lower tuning chamber, be designed with outstanding fin.
Above-mentioned a kind of and gasification water heater, it is characterized in that: the end of smoke-out cross tube is sealed by soil-shifting door, the top of smoke-out cross tube is connected with smoke evacuation vertical tube straight up, induced duct one end passes smoke-out cross tube or smoke evacuation vertical tube wall is placed in the smoke evacuation vertical tube and opening upwards, and the induced duct other end is connected with air-introduced machine.
Above-mentioned a kind of and gasification water heater is characterized in that: combustion chamber and lower tuning chamber are an integrated container-type structure, and its middle part is by vertical baffle for separating.
Solid fuel enters vaporizer from feed hopper, and react therein and produce fuel gas, fuel gas is from entering combustion chamber fully burning therein the heat energy nozzle, required oxygen is supplied by air inlet, high-temperature gas goes upward to upper tuning chamber from the radiating tube that is connected with combustion chamber, by radiating tube, come downwards to lower tuning chamber again, at the indoor high-temperature gas of lower tuning, again by the radiating tube independent sector that supreme tuning chamber communicates with smoke-out cross tube that turns back, finally gasify and discharge through the smoke evacuation vertical tube.
In the whole circulation pipeline of vaporizer, combustion chamber and gas, heat is ceaselessly conducted to the water in water jacket.
Gas combustion chamber and on revolution each time between tuning chamber, lower tuning chamber, the radiating tube of supplied gas circulation all can reduce, under the effect of air blast, air-introduced machine, by high step-down, flow velocity is by becoming slowly along with the temperature of gas.
Advantage of the present invention is as follows:
1, fuel drops into from the vaporizer front upper, air blast is circumferentially sent into vaporizer inner chamber bottom by ajutage, air funnel, wind pushing hole successively by airborne oxygen, solid fuel carries out the thermal chemical reaction generation take carbon monoxide as main fuel gas under gasifying agent combustion-supporting, gasification efficiency is high.
2 and the gasification water heater without fire grate, the fixed carbon in solid fuel successively contacts oxygen and is oxidized to layer by layer Gas Energy Source, fixed carbon finally turns to dust and ashes, the fuel thermal energy utilization rate is high.
3, gasification, fuel gas buring, heat energy discharge disposable completing, and in sealed water tank, heat exchange area is large, and the solid fuel thermal power transfer is fully used.
4, volume is little, adapts to vast small-sized hot water user's needs.
5, the fuel scope of application is wide, can use again take coal smoke as fuel biomass fuel supply heat energy.
6, the gaseous fuel that solid fuel is generated in body of heater in time adopts airborne oxygen to carry out combustion-supporting burning, and the thermal-flame after-flame that the tar in combustion gas is penetrated in nozzle also is converted to the radiant heat source of water, and the gas that chimney is discharged is pollution-free.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
in figure: 1, lower tuning chamber ash discharge sluice gate, 2, lower tuning chamber goes out ash bucket, 3, lower tuning chamber base plate, 4, lower tuning chamber, 5, the cold water inlet pipe, 6, radiating tube, 7, the air-introduced machine speed regulator, 8, air-introduced machine, 9, upper tuning chamber base plate, 10, upper tuning chamber, 11, upper tuning chamber dividing plate, 12, soil-shifting door, 13, smoke-out cross tube, 14, the smoke evacuation vertical tube, 15, induced duct, 16, upper tuning room cover plate, 17, the hot water outlet pipe, 18, feed hopper, 19, feed hopper door, 20, vaporizer, 21, the air blast speed regulator, 22, air blast, 23, the ash discharge sluice gate, 24, go out ash bucket, 25, ajutage, 26, air funnel, 27, wind pushing hole, 28, peep hole, 29, air inlet, 30, the heat energy nozzle, 31, combustion chamber goes out ash bucket, 32, combustion chamber ash discharge sluice gate, 33, combustion chamber soleplate, 34, combustion chamber, 35, dividing plate, 36 sealing type cisterns, 37 fins.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of and gasification water heater as shown in Figure 1, its agent structure is a seal case, casing one side is vaporizer 20, gasification locular wall and box body wall form jacket structure for water, the vaporizer 20 circumferential levels in middle and lower part are designed with the air funnel 26 of annular, air funnel 26 borders have wind pushing hole 27, and wind pushing hole 27 opening levels are towards the vaporizer middle part; Air funnel 26 is connected with air blast 22 by the ajutage 25 that passes jacket structure for water; Vaporizer is designed with the feed hopper 18 that passes jacket structure for water and goes out ash bucket 24, feed hopper 18 and go out ash bucket 24 respectively by feed hopper door 19 and 23 sealings of ash discharge sluice gate; Vaporizer 20 is positioned on the sidewall in the middle part of casing and has heat energy nozzle 30, and heat energy nozzle 30 is positioned at the top of air funnel 26; The heat energy nozzle stretches out vaporizer one end and is connected with the combustion chamber 34 of sealing, the heat energy nozzle is communicated with vaporizer 20 with combustion chamber 34, on sidewall of combustion chamber, be connected with the air inlet 29 that passes box body wall, the below, combustion chamber is bucket-shaped combustion chamber soleplate 33, and combustion chamber soleplate 33 goes out ash bucket 31 with combustion chamber and is connected; 34 tops, combustion chamber are by upper tuning chamber 10 conductings of branched radiating tube 6 with casing top, upper tuning chamber 10 is case structure independently, 10 tops, upper tuning chamber are by upper tuning room cover plate 16 sealings, and the smoke-out cross tube 13 that is connected on 10 sidewalls of tuning chamber passes casing.Upper tuning is indoor is designed with vertical upper tuning chamber dividing plate 11 near smoke-out cross tube 13 1 sides, upper tuning chamber dividing plate 11 is divided into independently two parts by upper tuning chamber, upper tuning chamber 10 is connected with the lower tuning chamber 4 of below by radiating tube 6 with the part that smoke-out cross tube completely cuts off, combustion chamber 34 is an integrated container-type structure with lower tuning chamber 4, and its middle part is separated by vertical dividing plate 35.Bottom, lower tuning chamber is bucket-shaped lower tuning chamber base plate 3, and lower tuning chamber base plate 3 goes out ash bucket 2 with lower tuning chamber and is connected; The part that upper tuning chamber 10 communicates with smoke-out cross tube 13 also communicates with lower tuning chamber 4 by radiating tube 6; On the outer wall of combustion chamber 34 and lower tuning chamber, be designed with outstanding fin 37.The end of smoke-out cross tube 13 is by soil-shifting door 12 sealings, the top of smoke-out cross tube 13 is connected with smoke evacuation vertical tube 14 straight up, induced duct 15 1 ends pass smoke-out cross tube or smoke evacuation vertical tube wall is placed in smoke evacuation vertical tube 14 and opening upwards, and induced duct 15 other ends are connected with air-introduced machine 8.Jacket structure for water for being communicated with the vaporizer water jacket between combustion chamber, upper tuning chamber, lower tuning chamber, radiating tube and casing, have cold water inlet pipe 5 at casing one side-lower, above the casing opposite side, has hot water outlet pipe 17.
The present invention is applicable to atmospheric hot-water boiler, for factory, school, market, institutional settings provide hot water.
And the gasification water heater adopts overall structure, collection solid fuel direct combustion and gasification combustion emissions heat energy are all over the body, implement radiation heat in body and improve water temperature, the abundant heat utilization rate of solid fuel ignition is high, can use speed regulator to regulate programming rate, fire-sealing time, greater than 24 hours, goes out boiler ash sediment without fixed carbon, three-waste free pollution.Staggered form to fire the power conversion water heater simple to operate easy to use is that the mankind enter the optimal atmospheric hot-water boiler of cyberage.
Operation principle:
The principle that the present invention adopts furnace chamber to heat, exocoel is heated, the sealing of furnace chamber vaporizer, the malleation oxygen supply impels the solid fuel ignition gasification comprehensively, air blast malleation, air-introduced machine negative pressure make the flare that sprays in the heat energy nozzle, combustion gas evenly obtain the in time fully burning of airborne oxygen, the high-temperature air heat-conducting of combustion chamber output radiating tube, tuning chamber, vaporizer, radiating tube provide heat for the water at low temperature in body of heater.
Using method:
while lighting a fire first, the necessary topped up with water of water tank, open again bin gate on vaporizer, by fuel pour into the vaporizer material level higher than on the heat energy nozzle behind about 200mm, spread a large amount of soft bavins and light comprehensively, fasten feed hopper door, low frequency starts air-introduced machine and air blast, when from peep hole, seeing that the heat energy nozzle is emerged flare, close air blast and after 5 minutes, open again bin gate on vaporizer, for vaporizer, fasten feed hopper door after filling up fuel, high-frequency starts air blast and air-introduced machine is transferred to high gear, from smoke evacuation vertical tube mouth, can't see the gas color and namely be considered as normal operation, after hot water heats up and reaches requirement, close air blast and after 5 minutes, stop again the air-introduced machine running.
Use first, hot water is come out of the stove after three times, when shutting down, opens again by air blast the ash discharge sluice gate, from feed hopper door, pour the bed material that burns incompletely first into vaporizer, later based on fuel consumption normal ash discharge when assert that air blast shuts down, normal ash discharge is the outstanding feature of this equipment without fixed carbon.

Claims (4)

1. one kind and gasification water heater, its agent structure is a seal case, casing one side is vaporizer (20), gasification locular wall and box body wall form jacket structure for water, it is characterized in that: the circumferential level in vaporizer (20) middle and lower part is designed with the air funnel (26) of annular, air funnel (26) border has wind pushing hole (27), and wind pushing hole (27) opening level is towards the vaporizer middle part; Air funnel (26) is connected with air blast (22) by the ajutage (25) that passes jacket structure for water; Vaporizer is designed with the feed hopper (18) that passes jacket structure for water and goes out ash bucket (24), feed hopper (18) and go out ash bucket (24) respectively by the sealing of feed hopper door (19) and ash discharge sluice gate (23); Vaporizer (20) is positioned on the sidewall in the middle part of casing and has heat energy nozzle (30), and heat energy nozzle (30) is positioned at the top of air funnel (26); The heat energy nozzle stretches out vaporizer one end and is connected with the combustion chamber (34) of sealing, the heat energy nozzle is communicated with vaporizer (20) with combustion chamber (34), on sidewall of combustion chamber, be connected with the air inlet (29) that passes box body wall, the below, combustion chamber is bucket-shaped combustion chamber soleplate (33), and combustion chamber soleplate (33) goes out ash bucket (31) with combustion chamber and is connected; Top, combustion chamber (34) is by upper tuning chamber (10) conducting of branched radiating tube (6) with casing top, upper tuning chamber (10) is case structure independently, top, upper tuning chamber (10) is by upper tuning room cover plate (16) sealing, and the smoke-out cross tube (13) that is connected on the sidewall of tuning chamber (10) passes casing; Jacket structure for water for being communicated with the vaporizer water jacket between combustion chamber, upper tuning chamber, radiating tube and casing, have cold water inlet pipe (5) at casing one side-lower, above the casing opposite side, has hot water outlet pipe (17).
2. a kind of and gasification water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: upper tuning is indoor is designed with vertical upper tuning chamber dividing plate (11) near smoke-out cross tube (13) one sides, upper tuning chamber dividing plate (11) is divided into independently two parts by upper tuning chamber, upper tuning chamber (10) is connected with the lower tuning chamber (4) of below by radiating tube (6) with the part that smoke-out cross tube completely cuts off, lower tuning chamber (4) is independent case structure, its bottom is bucket-shaped lower tuning chamber base plate (3), and lower tuning chamber base plate (3) goes out ash bucket (2) with lower tuning chamber and is connected; The part that upper tuning chamber (10) communicates with smoke-out cross tube (13) also communicates with lower tuning chamber (4) by radiating tube (6); On the outer wall of combustion chamber (34) and lower tuning chamber, be designed with outstanding fin (37).
3. a kind of and gasification water heater according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the end of smoke-out cross tube (13) is sealed by soil-shifting door (12), the top of smoke-out cross tube (13) is connected with smoke evacuation vertical tube (14) straight up, induced duct (15) one ends pass smoke-out cross tube or smoke evacuation vertical tube wall is placed in smoke evacuation vertical tube (14) and opening upwards, and induced duct (15) other end is connected with air-introduced machine (8).
4. a kind of and gasification water heater according to claim 3 is characterized in that: combustion chamber (34) are an integrated container-type structure with lower tuning chamber (4), and its middle part is separated by vertical dividing plate (35).
CN2012101364665A 2012-05-05 2012-05-05 Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying Expired - Fee Related CN102635937B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101364665A CN102635937B (en) 2012-05-05 2012-05-05 Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101364665A CN102635937B (en) 2012-05-05 2012-05-05 Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying

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CN102635937B true CN102635937B (en) 2013-11-20

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105889903B (en) * 2016-06-24 2018-05-22 青岛子鹤新能源科技有限公司 Biomass gasification boiler
CN110887036B (en) * 2019-11-21 2021-05-28 河北晔创科技有限公司 Combustion furnace capable of saving fuel and reducing gas emission

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201000096Y (en) * 2007-01-19 2008-01-02 田占国 Multifunctional high performance gasification boiler
CN201724258U (en) * 2010-07-12 2011-01-26 王全红 Fire coal and biomass gasification furnace
CN202521841U (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-11-07 刘善华 Combined-combustion gasification water heater

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